Ph.D., Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia, August
M.A., Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia, May 1988
Chairperson, Department of International Relations, Florida International University (FIU), August 2002-present
Associate Professor, Department of International Relations, FIU, Fall 1997-present
Interim Graduate Director, Department of International Relations, FIU, 2000-2001
Fulbright Lecturer/Research Scholar, Makerere University, Uganda, September 1999-July 2000
Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Florida International University, Fall 1992--Summer 1997 (Instructor during 1991-92 academic year)
Research Assistant/Editor, Miller Center of Public Affairs, (Research Center on the American Presidency, University of Virginia) January 1987-June 1990
The Failure of Democracy in the Republic of Congo. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, January 2008.
The African Stakes of the Congo War, Edited. New York: Palgrave, and Kampala, Uganda: Fountain, 2002.
Political Reform in Francophone Africa, Co-edited with David E. Gardinier. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1997.
"Does Democratization Reduce the Risk of Military Interventions in Politics in Africa?" Democratization 15, no.2 (April 2008). (With Staffan I. Lindberg).
"The Decline of the African Military Coup." Journal of Democracy 18, no.2 (2007): 141-155.
"Understanding Democratic Survival and Democratic Failure in Africa: Insights from the Divergent Democratic Experiments in Benin and Congo." Comparative Studies in Society and History 47, no.3 (July 2005): 552-582 (With Bruce A. Magnusson).
"Resource Revenues and Political Development in sub-Saharan Africa: Congo Republic in Comparative Perspective." Afrika Spectrum 37, no.1 (2002): 25-41.
"The Neo-Colonial Context of the Democratic Experiment
of Congo-Brazzaville." African Affairs 101, no.403 (April 2002):
171-192. Reprinted as "Le context néocolonial de l'expérience
démocratique au Congo-Brazzaville," in Patrick Quantin, ed.,
L'Afrique politique 2002, Paris: Karthala, 2003. [Annual compendium of
important articles on
"Explaining Ugandan Intervention in Congo: evidence and explanations." Journal of Modern African Studies 39, no.2 (June 2001): 261-87.
"UEMOA and ECOWAS: Conflict or Cooperation in the
Era of the 'New Regionalism.'"
"The Clinton Administration and Africa: White House Involvement and the Foreign Affairs Bureaucracies in Clinton's Africa Policy." Issue 26, no.2 (1998): 8-13.
"The Nature and Evolution of the State in Zaire." Studies in Comparative International Development 32, no.4 (Winter 1998): 3-23.
"Foreign Intervention in the Civil War of the Congo Republic." Issue 26, no.1 (1998): 31-36.
"Democracy Dismantled in the Congo Republic." Current History 97, no. 619 (May 1998): 234- 237.
"Petro-Politics in the Republic of Congo." Journal of Democracy 8, no. 3 (July 1997): 62-76.
"Reform or Democratization for Africa? Troubling Constraints and Partial Solutions," Transafrica Forum 10, no. 1 (1996): 3-19.
"Ethno-Regionalism in Zaire: Roots, Manifestations and Meaning," Journal of African Policy Studies 1, no. 2 (1995): 23-45.
"Evaluating the Efficacy of Foreign Policy: An Essay on the Complexity of Foreign Policy Goals," Southeastern Political Review 23, no. 4 (December 1995): 559-79.
"Elections, Leadership and Democracy in Congo," Africa Today 41, no.3, (3rd Quarter 1994): 41-60.
"The Constraints on Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case for Limited Democracy,"SAIS Review XIV, no.2 (Summer-Fall 1994): 91-108. Reprinted in Lyn Graybill and Kenneth W. Thompson, eds., Africa's Second Wave of Freedom, Lanham, Md: University Press of America, 1998: 43-64.
"The National Conference as an Instrument of Democratization in Francophone Africa," Journal of Third World Studies 11, no.1 (Spring 1994): 304-335.
"Collective Interventions After the Cold War: Lessons from the U.N. Mission to the Congo, 1960-1964," Journal of Political Science 12 (1994): 93-115.
"Socio-Political Change in the Republic of the Congo: Political Dilemmas of Economic Reform," Journal of Third World Studies 10, no.1 (Spring 1993): 52-77.
"When do the Military Step into the Electoral Arena?" in Andreas Schedler, ed., Electoral Authoritarianism, Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 2006: 129-148.
"Rwanda: Tragic Land of Dual Nationalisms," in Lowell W. Barrington, ed., After Independence: Making and Protecting the Nation in Post-Colonial and Post-Communist States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006: 71-106.
"The Collapse of the Democratic Experiment in the
Republic of Congo: A Thick Description,"
"Petroleum Revenues and Political Development in
the Congo Republic: The Democratic
"Introduction: Causes and Consequences of the Congo War," in Clark, ed., The African Stakes of the Congo War, pp.1-10
"Museveni's Adventure in the Congo War: Uganda's Vietnam?" in Clark, ed., The African Stakes of the Congo War, pp.145-165.
"The Economic Consequences of the Congo War," in Clark, ed., The African Stakes of the Congo War, pp.201-223. (With Mungbalemwe Koyame)
"Foreign Policy Making in Central Africa: The Imperative of Regime Security in a New Context" in Gilbert Khadiagala and Terrence Lyons, eds., African Foreign Policy: Power and Process, Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 2001: 67-86.
"Realism, Neo-Realism and Africa's International Relations in the Post Cold-War Era," in Kevin Dunn and Timothy Shaw, eds., Africa's Challenge to International Relations Theory, New York: Palgrave, 2001: 85-102.
"What Price Empire? A Study of the Costs and Benefits of American Involvement in Zaire" in Stuart Nagel, ed., Handbook of Global International Policy, New York: Marcel Dekker, 2000: 21-41.
"Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire as a Nondemocratic Presidential Leader" in Lyn Graybill and Kenneth W. Thompson, eds., Africa's Second Wave of Freedom, Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1998: 81-101.
"Political Culture, Civil Society and the National Conferences in Francophone Africa," in Julius Ihonvbere and John M. Mbaku, eds., Multi-party Democracy and Political Change: Constraints on Democratization in Africa, London: Ashgate, 1998: 97-122.
"The Extractive State in Zaire," in Leonardo Villalon, ed., The African State at a Critical Juncture: Between Disintegration and Reconfiguration, (Boulder, Colo: Lynne Rienner, 1998): 109-125.
"Introduction," in Clark and Gardinier, eds., Political Reform in Francophone Africa, pp.1-5
"The Challenges of Political Reform in Africa," in Clark and Gardinier, eds., pp.23-39.
"Congo: Transition and the Struggle to Consolidate," in Clark and Gardinier, eds., pp.62-85.
"Ethnic Cleavage and the Prospects for Democratization in Zaire," in Harvey Glickman, ed., Ethnic Conflict and Democratization in Africa, (Atlanta: African Studies Association Press, 1995): 351-380.
"Congo-Brazzaville: The Return to Authoritarianism as Usual," in Africa Contemporary Record, 2003-2004, vol.29, New York: Holmes & Meier, 2008.
Entries: "Africa and the Cold War," pp. 252-254; "Congo (Brazzaville), Independence and Revolution, 1958-1979," pp. 300-302; "Congo (Brazzaville), Liberalization, Rebelllion, 1980s and 1990s," pp.302-303; and "Denis Sassou-Nguesso, President of the Republic of Congo, 1979-92, 1997-," pp. 1322-1323 in Kevin Shillington, ed., Encyclopedia of African History (New York: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2005).
"Congo-Brazzaville," in Africa Contemporary Record, 1996-1998, vol.26, New York: Holmes & Meier, 2002: B245-256.
"Uganda." Self-Determination Conflict Profile for Foreign Policy in Focus website. Available at http://www.selfdetermine.org/conflicts/uganda.html. (Posted January 2002).
"The Republic of Congo." Self-Determination Conflict Profile for Foreign Policy in Focus website. Available at http://www.selfdetermine.org/conflicts/congo.html. (Posted November 2001).
Entry: "Congo-Brazzaville: Uneasy Peace and Gradual Economic Reform," in Africa Contemporary Record, 1994-1996, vol.25, New York: Holmes & Meier, 2002: B228-237.
Entry: "Congo-Brazzaville," in Africa Contemporary Record, 1992-1994, vol.24, New York: Holmes & Meier, 2000: B223-231.
Review Essay: "Political Change and Social Contestation in the Republic of Congo: Sources and Analyses." International Journal of African Historical Studies 30, no.3 (1997): 601-606.
Review Essay: "American Foreign Policy in Africa
after the Cold War," Africa Today 40, no.2
Review Essay: "Theoretical Disarray and the Study of Democratization in Africa," Journal of Modern African Studies 31, no.3 (Fall 1993): 529-34.
Regime hegemony in Museveni's Uganda: Pax Musevenica, by Joshua B. Rubongoya, in Choice 45, no. 1 (September 2007): 512.
Security Dynamics in Africa's Great Lakes Region, edited by Gilbert M. Khadiagala in African Studies Review 50, no.1 (April 2007):150-151.
The Trouble with Africa: why foreign aid isn't working, by Robert Calderisi in Choice 44, no.4 (December 2006): 2344.
Comment la France a perdu l'Afrique, by Antoine Glaser and Stephen Smith in Politique Africaine no. 103 (October 2006): 176-177.
Dilemmas of Weak States: Africa and Transnational Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century, by Tatah Mentan in Democratization 12, no.5 (December 2005): 856-857.
Public Opinion, democracy, and market reform in Africa, by Michael Bratton, Robert Mattes, and E. Gyimah-Boadi in Choice 42, no. 11 (July 2005): 6746.
Military Intervention: Cases in Context for the Twenty-First Century, edited by William J. Lahneman in Political Science Quarterly 119, no.4 (Winter 2004-05): 713-714.
Thabo Mbeki's world: the politics and ideology of the South African president, edited by Sean Jacobs and Richard Calland in Choice 42, no. 1 (September 2004): 567.
Pride, Faith and Fear by Charlotte and Frederick Quinn, Choice 41, no. 5 (January 2004): 3068.
Evaluating methodology in international studies edited by Michael Brecher and Frank P. Harvey in Choice 40, no.10 (June 2003): 6070.
Millennial reflections on international studies edited by Michael Brecher and Frank P. Harvey in Choice 40, no. 9 (May 2003): 5470.
Intervention and transnationalism in Africa: global-local networks of power edited by Thomas M. Callaghy, Ronald Kassimir, and Robert Latham in Choice 40, no. 4 (December 2002): 2449.
Political Transformations of the Congo by Mbow M. Amphas in Journal of African History 43, no.2 (2002): 359-360.
Une Guerre Contre les Civils: Relexions sur les pratiques humanitaires au Congo Brazzaville (1998-2000), edited by Marc le Pape and Pierre Salignon in African Affairs 101, no.404 (July 2002): 442-43.
Africa Policy in the Clinton Years: Critical Choices for the Bush Administration edited by J. Stephen Morrison and Jennifer G. Cooke in Political Science Quarterly 117, no.2 (Summer 2002): 340-42.
The Skull Beneath the Skin by Mark Huband in Choice 39, no.10 (June 2002): 6053.
The Graves are Not Yet Full by Bill Berkeley in Choice 39, no. 6 (February 2002): 3612.
The Assassination of Lumumba by Ludo de Witte in Choice 39, no. 5 (January 2002): 3053.
When Victims Become Killers: colonialism, nativism, and the genocide in Rwanda by Mahmood Mamdani in Choice 39, no.4 (December 2001): 2334
No-Party Democracy in Uganda: Myths and Realities edited by Justus Mugaju and Joseph Oloka-Onyango in Choice 38, no.10 (June 2001): 5815.
[With Staffan Lindberg.] "Does Liberalization Prevent Military Interventions in Politics? Evidence from Africa." Presented [by Lindberg] at the 48th meeting of the African Studies Association [ASA], San Francisco, CA, November 2006.
"Political Liberalization and Military Intervention In African States Since 1991." Presented at the 102nd Meeting of the American Political Science Association [APSA], Philadelphia, PA, 1 September 2006.
"Electoral Authoritarianism under Sassou-Nguesso." Ambassadorial Seminar on Congo-Brazzaville for Robert Weisberg (Out-going U.S. Ambassador to Congo). 28 March 2006.*
"The Contribution of Flawed Elections to State Reformulation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Several Cases," Presented at the 101st Meeting of the APSA, Washington, DC, 4 September 2005.
"Coalition Government in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Interim Peace or a Path to National Unity?" Presented at the First Global International Studies Conference, Istanbul, Turkey, 25 August 2005.
"Institutional Design and Democratic Outcomes: Lessons from the Congo Republic," Presented at the 46th Meeting of the International Studies Association [ISA], Honolulu, HI, 5 March 2005.
"The Collapse of the Democratic Experiment in Congo Republic: The Role of the Military and Militias," Presented at the 47th Meeting of the ASA, New Orleans, LA, 13 November 2004.
"Military Intervention in Electoral Authoritarian Regimes: Evidence from African Cases," Presented at a Special Conference entitled "The Dynamics of Electoral Authoritarianism," Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economicas, Mexico City, 3 April 2004.*
"Suffering and Death on the Periphery of World Politics: The 'Invisibility' of the Congo War as an Example of Hegemony in International Relations," Presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the ISA, Montreal, 17 March 2004.
"Electoral Authoritarianism and Military Unrest in
West Central Africa: Cameroon, the Central Africa Republic, Congo, and
Gabon" Conference on Military Coups in West Africa and Regional Instability,
U.S. Dept. of State, Washington, DC, 5 March 2004.*
"Debates on Uganda's Motives in the Congo War." Presented at the special conference entitled "Africa's Great Lakes Region 2002: Prospects for Peace," African Studies Program Annual Conference, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1 November 2002.*
"Structure, Agency, and Democratic Consolidation in Africa: An Examination of the Benin-Congo Dyad," Presented at the 98th Annual Meeting of the APSA, Boston, MA, 29 August 2002.
"The Curse of Riches: Petroleum Revenues and Political Development in the Republic of Congo." Presented at the 18th International Biennial Conference of the German African Studies Association, Hamburg, Germany, 15 May 2002.*
"The Neo-Colonial Context of Democratic Experiments in Africa: The Case of Congo-Brazzaville." Presented at the 44th Annual Meeting of the ASA, Houston, TX, 18 November 2001.
"The Collapse of the Multiparty Experiment in the Republic of Congo: A Thick Description." Presented at the Conference on Elites, Institutions, and the Fate of Africa's Democratic Experiments, Lawrence, KS, 6 October 2001.*
"The Collapse of the Multiparty Experiment in the Republic of Congo." Presented at the 42nd Annual Meeting of the ISA, Chicago, IL, 24 February 2001.
"Uganda's Intervention in the Congo War: Evidence and Explanations." Presented at the 43rd Annual Meeting of the ASA, Nashville, TN, 17 November 2000.
"Uganda's Intervention in Congo: A Thick Description." Presented at the special conference on Conflict and Peace-making in the Great Lakes Regions, Entebbe, Uganda, 10-12 July 2000.
* Invited Conference papers funded by hosts
"The Epic of the Congolese Elections" [in Congo-Kinshasa]. University of Florida African Studies Program, 29 September 2006.
"The War in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the West's Response." Beloit College, WI, 8 Nov 2004.
"Globalization and the Prospects for Development in Africa." Presented at the Islamic University in Uganda (IUIU), Mbale, Uganda, 27 April 2000.
"Elections and U.S. Foreign Policy," and "Democratization and U.S. Foreign Policy," Presented at the Center for U.S. Studies, Martin Luther University, Halle-Wittenburg, Wittenburg, Germany, 23 & 24 October 1996.
* These courses developed as new courses at Florida International University
"Image Politics: China's Engagement with the Global South," FIU, March 30 2007. Budget: $8000, funded by the Broad Educational Series, the Gordon Institute, Institute for Asian Studies, and the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office. [With Paul A. Kowert]
"Conflict and Peace-Making in the Great Lakes Region," Entebbe, Uganda, 10-12 July 2000. Conference featured 24 presenters and 8 discussants. Budget: $29,000, funded by the American Center, Kampala.
" Hired visiting scholars from Algeria, Brazil, Britain,
China, Cuba, Germany, Haiti, Poland, Russia, Spain, and South Korea to
teach courses in the Department
" African Affairs (2006)
" Vice-Chair, African Politics Conference Group,
" Understanding Contemporary Islam grant from CIES
" FIU Operational Excellence Award, for outstanding
service as chairperson, January 2007
Department of International Relations
University Park Campus
Florida International University
Miami, Florida 33199
Telephone 305-348-3289 Fax 305-348-6138
This page last up-dated on 21 September 2002.