Cuban Research Institute

Institute for Public Opinion Research
School of Journalism and Mass Communication

Center for Labor Research and Studies

Florida International University

All question texts, references results from data, and other information on this site (c) 2000 Florida International University

Preliminary results, FIU/Cuba Poll -- DO NOT REPORT until 10:45 am edt Thursday October 19, 2000

2000 FIU/Cuba Poll: comparison of three samples: frequency tables







Over the past few years, people have been talking about the possibility of political changes in Cuba. When do you think that major political changes are likely to occur in Cuba? Would you say within one year, in two to five years, in six to ten years, over ten years, or never?

CUBAN
political changes will occur

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 WITHIN ONE YEAR? 86 7.3 9.7 9.7
2 2 IN TWO TO FIVE YEARS 295 25.1 33.1 42.8
3 3 IN SIX TO TEN YEARS? 105 8.9 11.8 54.6
4 4 OVER TEN YEARS? 131 11.1 14.7 69.3
5 5 OR NEVER? 251 21.4 28.2 97.5
7 7 DON'T CARE /DON'T WANT TO RESPOND 22 1.9 2.5 100.0
Total 890 75.7 100.0
Missing 6 6 DON'T KNOW 285 24.3

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


political changes will occur: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 WITHIN ONE YEAR? 28 7.0 9.1 9.1
2 IN TWO TO FIVE YEARS 115 28.8 37.5 46.6
3 IN SIX TO TEN YEARS? 48 12.0 15.6 62.2
4 OVER TEN YEARS? 51 12.8 16.6 78.8
5 OR NEVER? 55 13.8 17.9 96.7
7 DON'T CARE /DON'T WANT TO RESPOND 10 2.5 3.3 100.0
Total 307 76.8 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW 93 23.3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


political changes will occur: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 WITHIN ONE YEAR? 12 3.0 3.5 3.5
2 IN TWO TO FIVE YEARS 120 30.0 35.3 38.8
3 IN SIX TO TEN YEARS? 95 23.8 27.9 66.8
4 OVER TEN YEARS? 61 15.3 17.9 84.7
5 OR NEVER? 41 10.3 12.1 96.8
7 DON'T CARE /DON'T WANT TO RESPOND 11 2.8 3.2 100.0
Total 340 85.0 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW 60 15.0

Total 400 100.0






[IF ON THESE QUESTIONS YOU GET THE RESPONSE "NOT AS LONG AS FIDEL OR RAUL ARE IN POWER" SAY: This question is about Cuba as it is now. Do you favor or oppose...] Over the years, the United States government has often supported different policies toward Cuba. I am going to read you some of the different policies that have been proposed and I would like you to tell me whether you favor or oppose these policies. First, allow companies to sell medicine to Cuba, do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?

CUBAN
U.S. companies sell medicine

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 507 43.1 44.3 44.3
2 2 MOSTLY FAVOR 249 21.2 21.8 66.1
3 3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 75 6.4 6.6 72.6
4 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 313 26.6 27.4 100.0
Total 1144 97.4 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 31 2.6

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


U.S. companies sell medicine: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 231 57.8 59.5 59.5
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 112 28.0 28.9 88.4
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 14 3.5 3.6 92.0
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 31 7.8 8.0 100.0
Total 388 97.0 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 12 3.0

Total 400 100.0


national sample


U.S. companies sell medicine: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 148 37.0 38.4 38.4
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 198 49.5 51.4 89.9
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 18 4.5 4.7 94.5
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 21 5.3 5.5 100.0
Total 385 96.3 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 15 3.8

Total 400 100.0






Allowing U.S. companies to sell food to Cuba. [..Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?]

Cuban sample
Q3 U.S. companies sell food

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 438 37.3 38.4 38.4
2 2 MOSTLY FAVOR 204 17.4 17.9 56.3
3 3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 101 8.6 8.9 65.2
4 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 397 33.8 34.8 100.0
Total 1140 97.0 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 35 3.0

Total 1175 100.0



local non-Cuban sample


U.S. companies sell food: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 219 54.8 56.9 56.9
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 101 25.3 26.2 83.1
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 26 6.5 6.8 89.9
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 39 9.8 10.1 100.0
Total 385 96.3 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 15 3.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


U.S. companies sell food: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 154 38.5 39.7 39.7
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 181 45.3 46.6 86.3
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 27 6.8 7.0 93.3
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 26 6.5 6.7 100.0
Total 388 97.0 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 12 3.0

Total 400 100.0






Supporting direct U.S. military action to overthrow the Cuban government. [...Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?]

Cuban sample

Q4 direct U.S. military action

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 540 46.0 49.4 49.4
2 2 MOSTLY FAVOR 120 10.2 11.0 60.4
3 3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 109 9.3 10.0 70.4
4 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 324 27.6 29.6 100.0
Total 1093 93.0 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 82 7.0

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


direct U.S. military action: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 95 23.8 26.0 26.0
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 51 12.8 13.9 39.9
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 59 14.8 16.1 56.0
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 161 40.3 44.0 100.0
Total 366 91.5 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 34 8.5

Total 400 100.0


national sample


direct U.S. military action: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 30 7.5 8.1 8.1
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 36 9.0 9.8 17.9
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 107 26.8 29.0 46.9
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 196 49.0 53.1 100.0
Total 369 92.3 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 31 7.8

Total 400 100.0






Supporting military action by the exile community to overthrow the Cuban Government. [...Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?]

Cuban sample

Q5 Support military action by exiles

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 607 51.7 55.5 55.5
2 2 MOSTLY FAVOR 148 12.6 13.5 69.0
3 3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 105 8.9 9.6 78.6
4 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 234 19.9 21.4 100.0
Total 1094 93.1 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 81 6.9

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


Support military action by exiles: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 100 25.0 27.6 27.6
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 64 16.0 17.7 45.3
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 66 16.5 18.2 63.5
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 132 33.0 36.5 100.0
Total 362 90.5 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 38 9.5

Total 400 100.0


national sample


Support military action by exiles: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 20 5.0 5.8 5.8
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 55 13.8 16.0 21.8
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 103 25.8 29.9 51.7
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 166 41.5 48.3 100.0
Total 344 86.0 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 56 14.0

Total 400 100.0






Supporting human rights groups inside Cuba. [...Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?]

Cuban sample

Q6 human rights groups inside Cuba

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 904 76.9 79.9 79.9
2 2 MOSTLY FAVOR 166 14.1 14.7 94.6
3 3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 21 1.8 1.9 96.5
4 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 40 3.4 3.5 100.0
Total 1131 96.3 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 44 3.7

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


human rights groups inside Cuba: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 252 63.0 66.5 66.5
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 98 24.5 25.9 92.3
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 10 2.5 2.6 95.0
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 19 4.8 5.0 100.0
Total 379 94.8 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 21 5.3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


human rights groups inside Cuba: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 164 41.0 43.6 43.6
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 150 37.5 39.9 83.5
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 42 10.5 11.2 94.7
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 20 5.0 5.3 100.0
Total 376 94.0 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 24 6.0

Total 400 100.0






Establishing a national dialogue among Cuban exiles, Cuban dissidents, and representatives of the Cuban government. [...Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?]

Cuban sample

Q7 national dialogue

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 368 31.3 34.4 34.4
2 2 MOSTLY FAVOR 184 15.7 17.2 51.6
3 3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 126 10.7 11.8 63.4
4 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 391 33.3 36.6 100.0
Total 1069 91.0 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 106 9.0

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


national dialogue: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 169 42.3 49.0 49.0
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 102 25.5 29.6 78.6
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 30 7.5 8.7 87.2
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 44 11.0 12.8 100.0
Total 345 86.3 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 55 13.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


national dialogue: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 98 24.5 29.3 29.3
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 170 42.5 50.9 80.2
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 40 10.0 12.0 92.2
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 26 6.5 7.8 100.0
Total 334 83.5 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 66 16.5

Total 400 100.0






Prohibiting U.S companies from doing business with Cuba. [...Do you Strongly approve, mostly approve, mostly disapprove, or strongly disapprove?]

Cuban sample

Q8 US ban on business

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 STRONGLY APPROVE 415 35.3 37.1 37.1
2 2 MOSTLY APPROVE 117 10.0 10.5 47.6
3 3 MOSTLY DISAPPROVE 138 11.7 12.3 59.9
4 4 STRONGLY DISAPPROVE 448 38.1 40.1 100.0
Total 1118 95.1 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 57 4.9

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


US ban on business: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY APPROVE 88 22.0 23.5 23.5
2 MOSTLY APPROVE 55 13.8 14.7 38.1
3 MOSTLY DISAPPROVE 93 23.3 24.8 62.9
4 STRONGLY DISAPPROVE 139 34.8 37.1 100.0
Total 375 93.8 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 25 6.3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


US ban on business: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY APPROVE 46 11.5 12.4 12.4
2 MOSTLY APPROVE 83 20.8 22.4 34.9
3 MOSTLY DISAPPROVE 123 30.8 33.2 68.1
4 STRONGLY DISAPPROVE 118 29.5 31.9 100.0
Total 370 92.5 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 30 7.5

Total 400 100.0






Overall, do you think the U.S. embargo of Cuba has worked very well, well, not very well, or not at all?

Cuban sample

Q9 US embargo works

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 VERY WELL 94 8.0 8.4 8.4
2 2 WELL 193 16.4 17.3 25.7
3 3 NOT VERY WELL 373 31.7 33.4 59.1
4 4 NOT AT ALL 457 38.9 40.9 100.0
Total 1117 95.1 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 58 4.9

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


US embargo works: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY WELL 16 4.0 4.5 4.5
2 WELL 48 12.0 13.4 17.9
3 NOT VERY WELL 153 38.3 42.9 60.8
4 NOT AT ALL 140 35.0 39.2 100.0
Total 357 89.3 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 43 10.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


US embargo works: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY WELL 13 3.3 3.7 3.7
2 WELL 106 26.5 30.5 34.2
3 NOT VERY WELL 153 38.3 44.0 78.2
4 NOT AT ALL 76 19.0 21.8 100.0
Total 348 87.0 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 52 13.0

Total 400 100.0






Do you favor or oppose continuing the U.S. embargo of Cuba?

Cuban sample

Q10 support US embargo

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 FAVOR 668 56.9 62.4 62.4
2 2 OPPOSE 402 34.2 37.6 100.0
Total 1070 91.1 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 105 8.9

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


support US embargo: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 FAVOR 133 33.3 39.1 39.1
2 OPPOSE 207 51.8 60.9 100.0
Total 340 85.0 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 60 15.0

Total 400 100.0


national sample


support US embargo: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 FAVOR 142 35.5 42.6 42.6
2 OPPOSE 191 47.8 57.4 100.0
Total 333 83.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 67 16.8

Total 400 100.0






Immediately after Fidel and Raul Castro leave power, do you think the United States should be very involved in what happens politically in Cuba, somewhat involved, or not involved at all?

Cuban sample

Q11 political involvement after Cuba

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 VERY INVOLVED 504 42.9 44.9 44.9
2 2 SOMEWHAT INVOLVED 376 32.0 33.5 78.4
3 3 NOT INVOLVED AT ALL 242 20.6 21.6 100.0
Total 1122 95.5 100.0
Missing 4 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 53 4.5

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


political involvement after Cuba: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY INVOLVED 101 25.3 26.6 26.6
2 SOMEWHAT INVOLVED 148 37.0 38.9 65.5
3 NOT INVOLVED AT ALL 131 32.8 34.5 100.0
Total 380 95.0 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 20 5.0

Total 400 100.0


national sample


political involvement after Cuba: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY INVOLVED 76 19.0 19.8 19.8
2 SOMEWHAT INVOLVED 194 48.5 50.7 70.5
3 NOT INVOLVED AT ALL 113 28.3 29.5 100.0
Total 383 95.8 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 17 4.3

Total 400 100.0






Immediately after Fidel and Raul Castro leave power, which do you think would be better: that the next president of Cuba be someone now living in Cuba, or be someone from the exile community?

Cuban sample

Q12 next president

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 SOMEONE IN CUBA 522 44.4 48.0 48.0
2 2 FROM EXILE COMMUNITY 289 24.6 26.6 74.5
3 3 EITHER 252 21.4 23.2 97.7
4 4 NEITHER 25 2.1 2.3 100.0
Total 1088 92.6 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 87 7.4

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


next president: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 SOMEONE IN CUBA 212 53.0 57.6 57.6
2 FROM EXILE COMMUNITY 106 26.5 28.8 86.4
3 EITHER 36 9.0 9.8 96.2
4 NEITHER 14 3.5 3.8 100.0
Total 368 92.0 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 32 8.0

Total 400 100.0


national sample


next president: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 SOMEONE IN CUBA 210 52.5 60.2 60.2
2 FROM EXILE COMMUNITY 75 18.8 21.5 81.7
3 EITHER 58 14.5 16.6 98.3
4 NEITHER 6 1.5 1.7 100.0
Total 349 87.3 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 51 12.8

Total 400 100.0






In your opinion, are there any Cuban-American politicians or individuals who will play a major role in Cuba when the transition to a democratic system occurs?

Cuban sample

Q13 Cuban-Amer politicians major role after Castro

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 611 52.0 64.7 64.7
2 2 NO 333 28.3 35.3 100.0
Total 944 80.3 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 231 19.7

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


Cuban-Amer politicians major role after Castro: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 160 40.0 58.2 58.2
2 NO 115 28.8 41.8 100.0
Total 275 68.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 125 31.3

Total 400 100.0






Who specifically among Cuban-Americans living here would be most likely to play a major role in Cuba when the transition to a democratic system occurs? [CHECK ALL THAT APPLY -- DO NOT READ LIST]

Cuban sample

MULT RESPONSE
  GROUPS = $Q14 'Play role in democratic Cuba'( Q14_1 Q14_2 Q14_3
     Q14_4 Q14_5 Q14_6 Q14_7 Q14_8 Q14_9 Q14_10 (1) )
  /FREQUENCIES = $Q14 .

Group $Q14  Play role in democratic Cuba
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Lincoln Diaz-Balart                      Q14_1        255     17.8     41.7
Joe Carrollo                             Q14_2         11       .8      1.8
Mario Diaz-Balart                        Q14_3         19      1.3      3.1
Ramon Saul Sanchez                       Q14_4         16      1.1      2.6
Alex Penelas                             Q14_5         51      3.6      8.3
Jorge Mas Santos                         Q14_6         63      4.4     10.3
Demetrio Perez                           Q14_7          3       .2       .5
other, specify                           Q14_8        221     15.4     36.2
don't know/no response                   Q14_9        181     12.6     29.6
Who specifically among Cuban-Americans l Q14_10       611     42.7    100.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     1431    100.0    234.2
564 missing cases;  611 valid cases


local non-Cuban sample


Group $Q14  Play role in democratic Cuba: local non-Cuban sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Lincoln Diaz-Balart                      Q14_1         27     21.8     31.8
Joe Carrollo                             Q14_2          6      4.8      7.1
Mario Diaz-Balart                        Q14_3          8      6.5      9.4
Ramon Saul Sanchez                       Q14_4          2      1.6      2.4
Alex Penelas                             Q14_5         30     24.2     35.3
Jorge Mas Santos                         Q14_6         12      9.7     14.1
Demetrio Perez                           Q14_7          1       .8      1.2
other, specify                           Q14_8         38     30.6     44.7
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      124    100.0    145.9
315 missing cases;  85 valid cases






Should unrestricted travel from the U.S. to Cuba be allowed or not?

Cuban sample

Q15 unrestricted travel

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES, ALLOWED 595 50.6 52.8 52.8
2 2 NO, NOT ALLOWED 532 45.3 47.2 100.0
Total 1127 95.9 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 48 4.1

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


unrestricted travel: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, ALLOWED 288 72.0 74.8 74.8
2 NO, NOT ALLOWED 97 24.3 25.2 100.0
Total 385 96.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 15 3.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


unrestricted travel: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, ALLOWED 239 59.8 63.2 63.2
2 NO, NOT ALLOWED 139 34.8 36.8 100.0
Total 378 94.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 22 5.5

Total 400 100.0






In political elections, how important is a candidate's position on Cuba in determining your vote - would you say it is very important, moderately important, not very important, or not at all important?

Cuban sample

Q16 candidate's election position

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 VERY IMPORTANT 607 51.7 56.4 56.4
2 2 MODERATELY IMPORTANT 226 19.2 21.0 77.4
3 3 NOT VERY IMPORTANT 95 8.1 8.8 86.2
4 4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT 148 12.6 13.8 100.0
Total 1076 91.6 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 99 8.4

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


candidate's election position: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY IMPORTANT 118 29.5 32.3 32.3
2 MODERATELY IMPORTANT 110 27.5 30.1 62.5
3 NOT VERY IMPORTANT 53 13.3 14.5 77.0
4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT 84 21.0 23.0 100.0
Total 365 91.3 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 35 8.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


candidate's election position: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY IMPORTANT 46 11.5 11.8 11.8
2 MODERATELY IMPORTANT 136 34.0 34.8 46.5
3 NOT VERY IMPORTANT 136 34.0 34.8 81.3
4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT 73 18.3 18.7 100.0
Total 391 97.8 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 9 2.3

Total 400 100.0






In Miami right now, do you feel that all points of view on how to deal with the Castro regime are being heard or do you feel that some views are not being heard?

Cuban sample

Q17 all points of view heard in Miami

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 ALL VIEWS ARE BEING HEARD 219 18.6 20.7 20.7
2 2 SOME VIEWS ARE NOT BEING HEARD 839 71.4 79.3 100.0
Total 1058 90.0 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE. 117 10.0

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


all points of view heard in Miami: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ALL VIEWS ARE BEING HEARD 115 28.8 32.5 32.5
2 SOME VIEWS ARE NOT BEING HEARD 239 59.8 67.5 100.0
Total 354 88.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE. 46 11.5

Total 400 100.0






Which views do you think are not being heard? Those supporting more open relations with Cuba or those supporting stronger opposition to the Cuban government, or some other views?

Cuban sample

Q18 which views not heard

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 VIEWS SUPPORTING MORE OPEN RELATIONS 126 10.7 17.4 17.4
2 2 VIEWS SUPPORTING STRONGER OPPOSITION 367 31.2 50.8 68.2
3 3 OTHER, SPECIFY 230 19.6 31.8 100.0
Total 723 61.5 100.0
Missing 4 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 116 9.9

System 336 28.6

Total 452 38.5

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


which views not heard: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VIEWS SUPPORTING MORE OPEN RELATIONS 89 22.3 44.7 44.7
2 VIEWS SUPPORTING STRONGER OPPOSITION 61 15.3 30.7 75.4
3 OTHER, SPECIFY 49 12.3 24.6 100.0
Total 199 49.8 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 40 10.0

System 161 40.3

Total 201 50.3

Total 400 100.0






What if Cuba changed to a democratic form of government. How likely is it that you would return to Cuba to live - would you say very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely?

Cuban sample

Q19 would you return to Cuba

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 VERY LIKELY 249 21.2 21.9 21.9
2 2 SOMEWHAT LIKELY 194 16.5 17.0 38.9
3 3 NOT VERY LIKELY 218 18.6 19.1 58.0
4 4 NOT AT ALL LIKELY 478 40.7 42.0 100.0
Total 1139 96.9 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 36 3.1

Total 1175 100.0






Currently the United States allows 20,000 Cubans per year to come to the United States to live. In general, do you agree or disagree with this migration policy?

Cuban sample

Q20 migration policy

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 AGREE 909 77.4 80.1 80.1
2 2 DISAGREE 226 19.2 19.9 100.0
Total 1135 96.6 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 40 3.4

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


migration policy: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 AGREE 195 48.8 52.8 52.8
2 DISAGREE 174 43.5 47.2 100.0
Total 369 92.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 31 7.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


migration policy: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 AGREE 189 47.3 54.9 54.9
2 DISAGREE 155 38.8 45.1 100.0
Total 344 86.0 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 56 14.0

Total 400 100.0






As it stands, Cubans who leave by raft or boat are sent back to Cuba if they are intercepted before they reach U.S. soil. If they do reach U.S. soil they are allowed to stay in the U.S. Do you agree or disagree with this policy?

Cuban sample

Q22 Cuban adjustment act

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 AGREE 388 33.0 33.9 33.9
2 2 DISAGREE 757 64.4 66.1 100.0
Total 1145 97.4 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 30 2.6

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


Cuban adjustment act: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 AGREE 163 40.8 43.5 43.5
2 DISAGREE 212 53.0 56.5 100.0
Total 375 93.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 25 6.3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


Cuban adjustment act: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 AGREE 137 34.3 37.4 37.4
2 DISAGREE 229 57.3 62.6 100.0
Total 366 91.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 34 8.5

Total 400 100.0






Why do you disagree with this policy? [DO NOT READ LIST -- SELECT ALL THAT APPLY]

Cuban sample


 GROUPS = $Q23 'Why disagree with CAA'( Q23_1 Q23_2 Q23_3 Q23_4
    Q23_5 Q23_6 (1) )
  /FREQUENCIES = $Q23 .

Group $Q23  Why disagree with CAA
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
always allow Cubans                      Q23_1        606     38.7     80.1
send Cubans back                         Q23_2         17      1.1      2.2
policy not fair                          Q23_3         44      2.8      5.8
other specify                            Q23_4        135      8.6     17.8
dk/nr                                    Q23_5          6       .4       .8
no more                                  Q23_6        757     48.4    100.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     1565    100.0    206.7
418 missing cases;  757 valid cases


local non-Cuban sample


Group $Q23  Why disagree with CAA: local non-Cuban sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
always allow Cubans                      Q23_1         91     39.9     44.2
send Cubans back                         Q23_2         20      8.8      9.7
policy not fair                          Q23_3         57     25.0     27.7
other specify                            Q23_4         60     26.3     29.1
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      228    100.0    110.7
194 missing cases;  206 valid cases


national sample


Group $Q23  Why disagree with CAA: national sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
always allow Cubans                      Q23_1         78     35.0     36.3
send Cubans back                         Q23_2         65     29.1     30.2
policy not fair                          Q23_3         12      5.4      5.6
other specify                            Q23_4         68     30.5     31.6
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      223    100.0    103.7
185 missing cases;  215 valid cases






If you have to choose only one reason, do you think the primary reason people want to come from Cuba to the U.S. is for economic reasons or is due to lack of freedom in Cuba? [INTERVIEWER IF THEY SAY "BOTH" ASK: If you had to pick one reason what would it be? IF THEY STILL INSIST ON BOTH, CHECK #3]

Cuban sample

Q24 reason leave Cuba

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 ECONOMIC REASONS 298 25.4 25.5 25.5
2 2 LACK OF FREEDOM 630 53.6 53.9 79.5
3 3 INSISTS ON BOTH BEING EQUALLY IMPORTANT 240 20.4 20.5 100.0
Total 1168 99.4 100.0
Missing 4 4 DON'T KNOW /NO RESPONSE 7 .6

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


reason leave Cuba: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ECONOMIC REASONS 161 40.3 41.6 41.6
2 LACK OF FREEDOM 151 37.8 39.0 80.6
3 INSISTS ON BOTH BEING EQUALLY IMPORTANT 75 18.8 19.4 100.0
Total 387 96.8 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW /NO RESPONSE 13 3.3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


reason leave Cuba: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ECONOMIC REASONS 129 32.3 33.2 33.2
2 LACK OF FREEDOM 175 43.8 45.0 78.1
3 INSISTS ON BOTH BEING EQUALLY IMPORTANT 85 21.3 21.9 100.0
Total 389 97.3 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW /NO RESPONSE 11 2.8

Total 400 100.0






You mentioned earlier that you would support direct U.S. military action to overthrow the Cuban government. What kind of U.S. military action would you support? [DO NOT READ LIST -- SELECT ALL THAT APPLY]

Cuban sample


GROUPS = $Q25 'US military action support'( Q25_1 Q25_2 Q25_3
     Q25_4 Q25_5 Q25_6 Q25_7 (1) )
  /FREQUENCIES = $Q25 .

Group $Q25  US military action support
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
land invasion                            Q25_1        212     14.2     32.1
bomb military targets                    Q25_2         71      4.8     10.8
bomb cities                              Q25_3         28      1.9      4.2
covert operations                        Q25_4         71      4.8     10.8
other specify                            Q25_5        320     21.5     48.5
don't know/no response                   Q25_6        128      8.6     19.4
no more responses                        Q25_7        660     44.3    100.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     1490    100.0    225.8
515 missing cases;  660 valid cases


local non-Cuban sample


Group $Q25  US military action support: local non-Cuban sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
land invasion                            Q25_1         40     33.1     44.0
bomb military targets                    Q25_2         16     13.2     17.6
bomb cities                              Q25_3          6      5.0      6.6
covert operations                        Q25_4         11      9.1     12.1
other specify                            Q25_5         48     39.7     52.7
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      121    100.0    133.0
309 missing cases;  91 valid cases


national sample


Group $Q25  US military action support: national sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
land invasion                            Q25_1         14     23.7     38.9
bomb military targets                    Q25_2         10     16.9     27.8
bomb cities                              Q25_3          7     11.9     19.4
covert operations                        Q25_4         15     25.4     41.7
other specify                            Q25_5         13     22.0     36.1
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses       59    100.0    163.9
364 missing cases;  36 valid cases






Do you think exchanging teachers and researchers between universities in Cuba and the United States is a good thing, a bad thing, or doesn't it make any difference?

Cuban sample

Q26 ed and researcher exchange

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 GOOD THING 483 41.1 41.1 41.1
2 2 BAD THING 326 27.7 27.7 68.9
3 3 DOESN'T MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE 366 31.1 31.1 100.0
Total 1175 100.0 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


teacher and researcher exchange: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 GOOD THING 252 63.0 63.0 63.0
2 BAD THING 36 9.0 9.0 72.0
3 DOESN'T MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE 112 28.0 28.0 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0


national sample


ed and researcher exchange: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 GOOD THING 264 66.0 66.0 66.0
2 BAD THING 39 9.8 9.8 75.8
3 DOESN'T MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE 97 24.3 24.3 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0






Some people argue that musical groups that come from Cuba, such as Los Van Van, should not be allowed to perform in Miami. Do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Cuban sample

Q27 ban musical groups from Cuba

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 AGREE 497 42.3 45.3 45.3
2 2 DISAGREE 601 51.1 54.7 100.0
Total 1098 93.4 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 77 6.6

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


ban musical groups from Cuba: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 AGREE 55 13.8 14.6 14.6
2 DISAGREE 323 80.8 85.4 100.0
Total 378 94.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 22 5.5

Total 400 100.0






Miami-Dade County had an ordinance that prevented the use of County funds to be used for events that include artists from Cuba. Did you agree or disagree with this policy?

Cuban sample

Q28 county ordinance

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 AGREE 535 45.5 48.5 48.5
2 2 DISAGREE 568 48.3 51.5 100.0
Total 1103 93.9 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 72 6.1

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


county ordinance: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 AGREE 86 21.5 24.5 24.5
2 DISAGREE 265 66.3 75.5 100.0
Total 351 87.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 49 12.3

Total 400 100.0






Now I would like to ask you a few questions about the Elian Gonzalez situation. How closely did you follow the news about the story? Did you follow it very closely, somewhat closely, not very closely, or did you not pay any attention to it at all?

Cuban sample

Q29 followed Elian story

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 VERY CLOSELY 855 72.8 72.9 72.9
2 2 SOMEWHAT CLOSELY 229 19.5 19.5 92.4
3 3 NOT TOO CLOSELY 72 6.1 6.1 98.6
4 4 NO ATTENTION AT ALL 17 1.4 1.4 100.0
Total 1173 99.8 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 2 .2

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


followed Elian story: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY CLOSELY 219 54.8 55.0 55.0
2 SOMEWHAT CLOSELY 127 31.8 31.9 86.9
3 NOT TOO CLOSELY 40 10.0 10.1 97.0
4 NO ATTENTION AT ALL 12 3.0 3.0 100.0
Total 398 99.5 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 2 .5

Total 400 100.0


national sample


followed Elian story: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY CLOSELY 107 26.8 26.9 26.9
2 SOMEWHAT CLOSELY 195 48.8 49.0 75.9
3 NOT TOO CLOSELY 78 19.5 19.6 95.5
4 NO ATTENTION AT ALL 18 4.5 4.5 100.0
Total 398 99.5 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 2 .5

Total 400 100.0






Thinking back to when the Elian case was going on, at that time what did you think should happen to Elian Gonzalez? Did you think he should remain in the U.S. with his relatives in Miami or return to Cuba to live with his father?

Cuban sample

Q30 opinion on Elian

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 STAY HERE 887 75.5 78.5 78.5
2 2 RETURN TO CUBA 243 20.7 21.5 100.0
Total 1130 96.2 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 45 3.8

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


opinion on Elian: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STAY HERE 129 32.3 33.6 33.6
2 RETURN TO CUBA 255 63.8 66.4 100.0
Total 384 96.0 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 16 4.0

Total 400 100.0


national sample


opinion on Elian: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STAY HERE 103 25.8 28.3 28.3
2 RETURN TO CUBA 261 65.3 71.7 100.0
Total 364 91.0 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 36 9.0

Total 400 100.0






From the beginning of the Elian situation to now, have you had the same opinion on what should have been done, or were there changes over time in what you thought should be done?

Cuban sample

Q31 Elian opinion

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 HELD SAME OPINION 1073 91.3 93.5 93.5
2 2 CHANGED OVER TIME 75 6.4 6.5 100.0
Total 1148 97.7 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 27 2.3

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


Elian opinion: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 HELD SAME OPINION 356 89.0 90.6 90.6
2 CHANGED OVER TIME 37 9.3 9.4 100.0
Total 393 98.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 7 1.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


Elian opinion: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 HELD SAME OPINION 335 83.8 88.9 88.9
2 CHANGED OVER TIME 42 10.5 11.1 100.0
Total 377 94.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 23 5.8

Total 400 100.0






Now I want to ask you what you think of how officials and other people handled the Elian situation. First, who are the people whom you MOST DISAPPROVE of what they did? [DO NOT READ LIST -- SELECT ALL THAT APPLY]

Cuban sample

GROUPS = $Q33 'Disapproved: '( Q33_1 Q33_2 Q33_3 Q33_4
  Q33_5 Q33_6 Q33_7 Q33_8 Q33_9 Q33_10 Q33_11 Q33_12
  Q33_13 Q33_14 Q33_15 Q33_16 Q33_17 Q33_18 Q33_19
  Q33_20 Q33_21 Q33_22 Q33_23 Q33_24 (1) )
  /FREQUENCIES = $Q33 .

Group $Q33  Disapproved:
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q33_1         70      3.3      6.0
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q33_2         72      3.4      6.1
Joe Carrollo                             Q33_3         28      1.3      2.4
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q33_4         12       .6      1.0
Alex Penelas                             Q33_5         39      1.8      3.3
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q33_6         39      1.8      3.3
Republican Party                         Q33_7          2       .1       .2
Democratic Party                         Q33_8          8       .4       .7
Janet Reno                               Q33_9        543     25.6     46.2
The I.N.S.                               Q33_10       220     10.4     18.7
Al Gore                                  Q33_11        24      1.1      2.0
Bill Clinton                             Q33_12       360     16.9     30.6
US Congress                              Q33_13        17       .8      1.4
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q33_14        12       .6      1.0
Jeb Bush                                 Q33_15         1       .0       .1
Fidel Castro                             Q33_16        77      3.6      6.6
Elian Gonzalez                           Q33_17         2       .1       .2
US media                                 Q33_18        13       .6      1.1
Sister Jean O'Laughlin                   Q33_19         6       .3       .5
Demetrio Perez                           Q33_20         1       .0       .1
Ramon Saul Sanchez                       Q33_21         2       .1       .2
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q33_22       105      4.9      8.9
other specify                            Q33_23       296     13.9     25.2
don't know no response                   Q33_24       176      8.3     15.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     2125    100.0    180.9
0 missing cases;  1,175 valid cases


local non-Cuban sample


Group $Q33  Disapproved of actions: : local non-Cuban sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q33_1        104     14.8     26.0
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q33_2         18      2.6      4.5
Joe Carrollo                             Q33_3         58      8.3     14.5
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q33_4         15      2.1      3.8
Alex Penelas                             Q33_5         82     11.7     20.5
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q33_6         41      5.8     10.3
Republican Party                         Q33_7          3       .4       .8
Democratic Party                         Q33_8          2       .3       .5
Janet Reno                               Q33_9         61      8.7     15.3
The I.N.S.                               Q33_10        38      5.4      9.5
Al Gore                                  Q33_11         3       .4       .8
Bill Clinton                             Q33_12        27      3.9      6.8
US Congress                              Q33_13         6       .9      1.5
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q33_14        18      2.6      4.5
Jeb Bush                                 Q33_15         1       .1       .3
Fidel Castro                             Q33_16        15      2.1      3.8
US media                                 Q33_18         7      1.0      1.8
Sister Jean O'Laughlin                   Q33_19         4       .6      1.0
Demetrio Perez                           Q33_20         1       .1       .3
Ramon Saul Sanchez                       Q33_21         2       .3       .5
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q33_22        23      3.3      5.8
other specify                            Q33_23        97     13.8     24.3
don't know no response                   Q33_24        75     10.7     18.8
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      701    100.0    175.3
0 missing cases;  400 valid cases


national sample


Group $Q33  Disapproved of actions: : national sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q33_1        106     17.4     26.5
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q33_2          6      1.0      1.5
Joe Carrollo                             Q33_3          2       .3       .5
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q33_4          2       .3       .5
Alex Penelas                             Q33_5          7      1.2      1.8
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q33_6         16      2.6      4.0
Republican Party                         Q33_7          1       .2       .3
Janet Reno                               Q33_9        121     19.9     30.3
The I.N.S.                               Q33_10        91     15.0     22.8
Al Gore                                  Q33_11         4       .7      1.0
Bill Clinton                             Q33_12        32      5.3      8.0
US Congress                              Q33_13        23      3.8      5.8
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q33_14         2       .3       .5
Fidel Castro                             Q33_16         7      1.2      1.8
US media                                 Q33_18        37      6.1      9.3
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q33_22        34      5.6      8.5
other specify                            Q33_23        58      9.5     14.5
don't know no response                   Q33_24        59      9.7     14.8
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      608    100.0    152.0
0 missing cases;  400 valid cases






Who are the people whom you MOST APPROVED of what they did? [DO NOT READ LIST -- SELECT ALL THAT APPLY]

Cuban sample


GROUPS = $Q34 'Approved: '( Q34_1 Q34_2 Q34_3 Q34_4 Q34_5
   Q34_6 Q34_7 Q34_8 Q34_9 Q34_10 Q34_11 Q34_12
   Q34_13 Q34_14 Q34_15 Q34_16 Q34_17 Q34_18 Q34_19
   Q34_20 Q34_21 Q34_22 Q34_23 Q34_24 (1) )
  /FREQUENCIES = $Q34 .

Group $Q34  Approved:
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q34_1        416     22.8     35.4
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q34_2         29      1.6      2.5
Joe Carrollo                             Q34_3         62      3.4      5.3
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q34_4         45      2.5      3.8
Alex Penelas                             Q34_5        116      6.3      9.9
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q34_6        194     10.6     16.5
Republican Party                         Q34_7         14       .8      1.2
Democratic Party                         Q34_8          1       .1       .1
Janet Reno                               Q34_9         57      3.1      4.9
The I.N.S.                               Q34_10        22      1.2      1.9
Al Gore                                  Q34_11         5       .3       .4
Bill Clinton                             Q34_12        23      1.3      2.0
US Congress                              Q34_13        10       .5       .9
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q34_14        34      1.9      2.9
Jeb Bush                                 Q34_15         3       .2       .3
Fidel Castro                             Q34_16         3       .2       .3
Elian Gonzalez                           Q34_17         8       .4       .7
US media                                 Q34_18         1       .1       .1
Sister Jean O'Laughlin                   Q34_19        45      2.5      3.8
Demetrio Perez                           Q34_20        11       .6       .9
Ramon Saul Sanchez                       Q34_21        23      1.3      2.0
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q34_22       126      6.9     10.7
other specify                            Q34_23       396     21.7     33.7
don't know no response                   Q34_24       183     10.0     15.6
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     1827    100.0    155.5
0 missing cases;  1,175 valid cases


local non-Cuban sample


Group $Q34  Approved of actions: : local non-Cuban sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q34_1         63     11.5     15.8
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q34_2         28      5.1      7.0
Joe Carrollo                             Q34_3          2       .4       .5
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q34_4          7      1.3      1.8
Alex Penelas                             Q34_5         14      2.6      3.5
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q34_6         26      4.8      6.5
Democratic Party                         Q34_8          1       .2       .3
Janet Reno                               Q34_9        120     21.9     30.0
The I.N.S.                               Q34_10        31      5.7      7.8
Al Gore                                  Q34_11         4       .7      1.0
Bill Clinton                             Q34_12        34      6.2      8.5
US Congress                              Q34_13         8      1.5      2.0
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q34_14         3       .5       .8
Jeb Bush                                 Q34_15         1       .2       .3
Fidel Castro                             Q34_16         1       .2       .3
Elian Gonzalez                           Q34_17         4       .7      1.0
US media                                 Q34_18         2       .4       .5
Sister Jean O'Laughlin                   Q34_19         8      1.5      2.0
Demetrio Perez                           Q34_20         1       .2       .3
Ramon Saul Sanchez                       Q34_21         2       .4       .5
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q34_22        31      5.7      7.8
other specify                            Q34_23        85     15.5     21.3
don't know no response                   Q34_24        71     13.0     17.8
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      547    100.0    136.8
0 missing cases;  400 valid cases


national sample


Group $Q34  Approved of actions: : national sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q34_1         58     12.5     14.5
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q34_2         51     11.0     12.8
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q34_4          2       .4       .5
Alex Penelas                             Q34_5          2       .4       .5
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q34_6         12      2.6      3.0
Janet Reno                               Q34_9         58     12.5     14.5
The I.N.S.                               Q34_10        26      5.6      6.5
Al Gore                                  Q34_11         1       .2       .3
Bill Clinton                             Q34_12         7      1.5      1.8
US Congress                              Q34_13         6      1.3      1.5
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q34_14         2       .4       .5
Jeb Bush                                 Q34_15         2       .4       .5
Fidel Castro                             Q34_16         3       .6       .8
Elian Gonzalez                           Q34_17         3       .6       .8
US media                                 Q34_18         1       .2       .3
Sister Jean O'Laughlin                   Q34_19         8      1.7      2.0
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q34_22        84     18.1     21.0
other specify                            Q34_23        49     10.5     12.3
don't know no response                   Q34_24        90     19.4     22.5
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      465    100.0    116.3
0 missing cases;  400 valid cases






Now I want to ask about who will be the winners and losers coming out of the Elian situation, regardless of whether you think they did the right thing. Were there people or groups who will be HELPED in the long run by what they did in the Elian case, whether or not they did the right thing? [IF YES] Who were they? [DO NOT READ LIST -- SELECT ALL THAT APPLY]

Cuban sample


 GROUPS = $Q35 'Helped by Elian case:'( Q35_1 Q35_2 Q35_3
   Q35_4 Q35_5 Q35_6 Q35_7 Q35_8 Q35_9 Q35_10
   Q35_11 Q35_12 Q35_13 Q35_14 Q35_15 Q35_16
   Q35_17 Q35_18 Q35_19 Q35_20 Q35_21 Q35_22 Q35_23 Q35_24 (1) )
  /FREQUENCIES = $Q35 .

Group $Q35  Helped by Elian case:
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q35_1         64      4.9      5.4
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q35_2         19      1.4      1.6
Joe Carrollo                             Q35_3         12       .9      1.0
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q35_4          9       .7       .8
Alex Penelas                             Q35_5         19      1.4      1.6
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q35_6         42      3.2      3.6
Republican Party                         Q35_7         11       .8       .9
Democratic Party                         Q35_8         13      1.0      1.1
Janet Reno                               Q35_9         24      1.8      2.0
The I.N.S.                               Q35_10        13      1.0      1.1
Al Gore                                  Q35_11         2       .2       .2
Bill Clinton                             Q35_12        21      1.6      1.8
US Congress                              Q35_13         2       .2       .2
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q35_14         2       .2       .2
Jeb Bush                                 Q35_15         1       .1       .1
Fidel Castro                             Q35_16       113      8.6      9.6
Elian Gonzalez                           Q35_17        11       .8       .9
US media                                 Q35_18         3       .2       .3
Sister Jean O'Laughlin                   Q35_19         4       .3       .3
Ramon Saul Sanchez                       Q35_21         2       .2       .2
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q35_22       396     30.1     33.7
other specify                            Q35_23       163     12.4     13.9
don't know no response                   Q35_24       368     28.0     31.3
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     1314    100.0    111.8
0 missing cases;  1,175 valid cases


local non-Cuban sample


Group $Q35  Helped by Elian situation:: local non-Cuban sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q35_1         28      6.1      7.0
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q35_2         23      5.0      5.8
Joe Carrollo                             Q35_3          6      1.3      1.5
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q35_4          4       .9      1.0
Alex Penelas                             Q35_5         12      2.6      3.0
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q35_6         23      5.0      5.8
Republican Party                         Q35_7          2       .4       .5
Democratic Party                         Q35_8          7      1.5      1.8
Janet Reno                               Q35_9          9      2.0      2.3
The I.N.S.                               Q35_10         3       .7       .8
Bill Clinton                             Q35_12         5      1.1      1.3
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q35_14         4       .9      1.0
Fidel Castro                             Q35_16        30      6.5      7.5
Elian Gonzalez                           Q35_17        11      2.4      2.8
US media                                 Q35_18         2       .4       .5
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q35_22       110     23.9     27.5
other specify                            Q35_23        76     16.5     19.0
don't know no response                   Q35_24       106     23.0     26.5
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      461    100.0    115.3
0 missing cases;  400 valid cases


national sample


Group $Q35  Helped by Elian situation:: national sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q35_1          9      2.1      2.3
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q35_2         19      4.4      4.8
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q35_6         19      4.4      4.8
Republican Party                         Q35_7          1       .2       .3
Democratic Party                         Q35_8          2       .5       .5
Janet Reno                               Q35_9          2       .5       .5
The I.N.S.                               Q35_10         3       .7       .8
Bill Clinton                             Q35_12         2       .5       .5
US Congress                              Q35_13         4       .9      1.0
Fidel Castro                             Q35_16        17      3.9      4.3
Elian Gonzalez                           Q35_17        23      5.3      5.8
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q35_22       162     37.3     40.5
other specify                            Q35_23        61     14.1     15.3
don't know no response                   Q35_24       110     25.3     27.5
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      434    100.0    108.5
0 missing cases;  400 valid cases






And were there people or groups who will be HURT or WORSE off in the long run by what they did in the Elian case, whether or not they did the right thing? [IF YES] Who were they? [DO NOT READ LIST -- SELECT ALL THAT APPLY]

Cuban sample


 GROUPS = $Q36 'Hurt by Elian case: '( Q36_1 Q36_2 Q36_3
   Q36_4 Q36_5 Q36_6 Q36_7 Q36_8 Q36_9 Q36_10
   Q36_11 Q36_12 Q36_13 Q36_14 Q36_15 Q36_16 Q36_17
   Q36_18 Q36_19 Q36_20 Q36_21 Q36_22 Q36_23 Q36_24 (1) )
  /FREQUENCIES = $Q36 .


Group $Q36  Hurt by Elian case:
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q36_1        187     12.7     15.9
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q36_2         11       .7       .9
Joe Carrollo                             Q36_3         11       .7       .9
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q36_4         33      2.2      2.8
Alex Penelas                             Q36_5         23      1.6      2.0
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q36_6        266     18.1     22.6
Democratic Party                         Q36_8         13       .9      1.1
Janet Reno                               Q36_9         35      2.4      3.0
The I.N.S.                               Q36_10        28      1.9      2.4
Al Gore                                  Q36_11         5       .3       .4
Bill Clinton                             Q36_12        22      1.5      1.9
US Congress                              Q36_13         3       .2       .3
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q36_14         6       .4       .5
Fidel Castro                             Q36_16         7       .5       .6
Elian Gonzalez                           Q36_17       193     13.1     16.4
US media                                 Q36_18         3       .2       .3
Sister Jean O'Laughlin                   Q36_19         4       .3       .3
Ramon Saul Sanchez                       Q36_21         3       .2       .3
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q36_22       189     12.9     16.1
other specify                            Q36_23       187     12.7     15.9
don't know no response                   Q36_24       239     16.3     20.3
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     1468    100.0    124.9
0 missing cases;  1,175 valid cases


local non-Cuban sample


Group $Q36  Hurt by Elian situation: : local non-Cuban sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q36_1         63     12.2     15.8
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q36_2          7      1.4      1.8
Joe Carrollo                             Q36_3         11      2.1      2.8
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q36_4         10      1.9      2.5
Alex Penelas                             Q36_5         12      2.3      3.0
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q36_6         86     16.6     21.5
Republican Party                         Q36_7          3       .6       .8
Democratic Party                         Q36_8          6      1.2      1.5
Janet Reno                               Q36_9         10      1.9      2.5
The I.N.S.                               Q36_10         8      1.5      2.0
Al Gore                                  Q36_11         3       .6       .8
Bill Clinton                             Q36_12         6      1.2      1.5
US Congress                              Q36_13         2       .4       .5
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q36_14         5      1.0      1.3
Jeb Bush                                 Q36_15         1       .2       .3
Fidel Castro                             Q36_16         2       .4       .5
Elian Gonzalez                           Q36_17        62     12.0     15.5
US media                                 Q36_18         2       .4       .5
Sister Jean O'Laughlin                   Q36_19         1       .2       .3
Demetrio Perez                           Q36_20         2       .4       .5
Ramon Saul Sanchez                       Q36_21         2       .4       .5
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q36_22        63     12.2     15.8
other specify                            Q36_23        64     12.4     16.0
don't know no response                   Q36_24        87     16.8     21.8
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      518    100.0    129.5
0 missing cases;  400 valid cases


national sample


Group $Q36  Hurt by Elian situation: : national sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
Miami relatives                          Q36_1         56     12.3     14.0
Juan Miguel Gonzalez                     Q36_2          8      1.8      2.0
Joe Carrollo                             Q36_3          1       .2       .3
Cuban Amer Nat'l Foundation              Q36_4          2       .4       .5
Alex Penelas                             Q36_5          1       .2       .3
Cuban Amer Comm                          Q36_6         37      8.1      9.3
Republican Party                         Q36_7          1       .2       .3
Democratic Party                         Q36_8          1       .2       .3
Janet Reno                               Q36_9         15      3.3      3.8
The I.N.S.                               Q36_10        12      2.6      3.0
Al Gore                                  Q36_11         1       .2       .3
Bill Clinton                             Q36_12         3       .7       .8
US Congress                              Q36_13         4       .9      1.0
Cuban-Amer in Congress                   Q36_14         6      1.3      1.5
Fidel Castro                             Q36_16         2       .4       .5
Elian Gonzalez                           Q36_17        49     10.7     12.3
US media                                 Q36_18         2       .4       .5
Ramon Saul Sanchez                       Q36_21         1       .2       .3
didn't disapprove of anyone              Q36_22       109     23.9     27.3
other specify                            Q36_23        59     12.9     14.8
don't know no response                   Q36_24        87     19.0     21.8
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      457    100.0    114.3
0 missing cases;  400 valid cases





In your opinion, were the interests of the Cuban-American community in Miami HELPED or HURT by the events surrounding the Elian affair?

Cuban sample

Q37 Cuban-Amer community

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 HELPED 177 15.1 18.0 18.0
2 2 HURT 808 68.8 82.0 100.0
Total 985 83.8 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 190 16.2

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


Cuban-Amer community: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 HELPED 66 16.5 19.6 19.6
2 HURT 271 67.8 80.4 100.0
Total 337 84.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 63 15.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


Cuban-Amer community: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 HELPED 44 11.0 15.4 15.4
2 HURT 242 60.5 84.6 100.0
Total 286 71.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 114 28.5

Total 400 100.0






Did you participate in any group activity surrounding the Elian case?

Cuban sample

Q38 participate group activity

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 319 27.1 27.3 27.3
2 2 NO 850 72.3 72.7 100.0
Total 1169 99.5 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 6 .5

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


participate group activity: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 27 6.8 6.8 6.8
2 NO 372 93.0 93.2 100.0
Total 399 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .3

Total 400 100.0






What kind of activity did you participate in? [DO NOT READ LIST -- SELECT ALL THAT APPLY]

Cuban sample


GROUPS = $Q39 'Kind of activity'( Q39_1 Q39_2 Q39_3 Q39_4
  Q39_5 Q39_6 Q39_7 (1) )
  /FREQUENCIES = $Q39 .

Group $Q39  Kind of activity
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
street demo support stay                 Q39_1        223     27.1     69.9
prayer vigil                             Q39_2        101     12.3     31.7
visited Elian family home                Q39_3        116     14.1     36.4
street demo support gov't/return         Q39_4         23      2.8      7.2
other, specify                           Q39_5         40      4.9     12.5
don't know, no response                  Q39_6          1       .1       .3
no more                                  Q39_7        319     38.8    100.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      823    100.0    258.0
856 missing cases;  319 valid cases


local non-Cuban sample


Group $Q39  Kind of activity: local non-Cuban sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
street demo support stay                 Q39_1         12     38.7     46.2
prayer vigil                             Q39_2          3      9.7     11.5
visited Elian family home                Q39_3          2      6.5      7.7
street demo support gov't/return         Q39_4          7     22.6     26.9
other, specify                           Q39_5          7     22.6     26.9
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses       31    100.0    119.2
374 missing cases;  26 valid cases






Overall, do you think the media here in Miami presented the issues in the Elian case fairly and objectively?

Cuban sample
Miami media presented Elian issues fairly: Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 689 58.6 62.3 62.3
2 2 NO 417 35.5 37.7 100.0
Total 1106 94.1 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 69 5.9

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


Miami media presented Elian issues fairly: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 193 48.3 52.7 52.7
2 NO 173 43.3 47.3 100.0
Total 366 91.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 34 8.5

Total 400 100.0






Do you think that the national news media presented the issues in the Elian case fairly and objectively?

Cuban sample

Q41 national news fair

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 432 36.8 40.1 40.1
2 2 NO 644 54.8 59.9 100.0
Total 1076 91.6 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 99 8.4

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


national news fair: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 227 56.8 64.9 64.9
2 NO 123 30.8 35.1 100.0
Total 350 87.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 50 12.5

Total 400 100.0


national sample


national news fair: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 171 42.8 50.7 50.7
2 NO 166 41.5 49.3 100.0
Total 337 84.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 63 15.8

Total 400 100.0






Would you say that the events associated with the Elian case have made you change your opinion about U.S./Cuba relations, or did they not change your opinion?

Cuban sample

Q42 change opinion of US/Cuba relations after Elian

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 267 22.7 23.6 23.6
2 2 NO 863 73.4 76.4 100.0
Total 1130 96.2 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 45 3.8

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


change opinion of US/Cuba relations after Elian: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 78 19.5 20.7 20.7
2 NO 298 74.5 79.3 100.0
Total 376 94.0 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 24 6.0

Total 400 100.0


national sample


change opinion of US/Cuba relations after Elian: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 59 14.8 15.4 15.4
2 NO 324 81.0 84.6 100.0
Total 383 95.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 17 4.3

Total 400 100.0






In what way did your opinion change? [DO NOT READ LIST -- SELECT ALL THAT APPLY]

Cuban sample


 GROUPS = $Q43 'Way opinion changed'( Q43_1 Q43_2 Q43_3 Q43_4
  Q43_5 Q43_6 Q43_7 (1) )
  /FREQUENCIES = $Q43 .

Group $Q43  Way opinion changed
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
should end embargo                       Q43_1          9      1.6      3.4
should hold harder line                  Q43_2         32      5.8     12.0
should start dialogue                    Q43_3          7      1.3      2.6
should open relations                    Q43_4         20      3.6      7.5
other, specify                           Q43_5        190     34.6     71.2
don't know/no response                   Q43_6         24      4.4      9.0
no more                                  Q43_7        267     48.6    100.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      549    100.0    205.6
908 missing cases;  267 valid cases

local non-Cuban sample


Group $Q43  Way opinion changed: local non-Cuban sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
should end embargo                       Q43_1          7      9.0      9.7
should hold harder line                  Q43_2         10     12.8     13.9
should start dialogue                    Q43_3          5      6.4      6.9
should open relations                    Q43_4         10     12.8     13.9
other, specify                           Q43_5         46     59.0     63.9
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses       78    100.0    108.3
328 missing cases;  72 valid cases


national sample


Group $Q43  Way opinion changed: national sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
should end embargo                       Q43_1          3      5.9      6.1
should hold harder line                  Q43_2          5      9.8     10.2
should start dialogue                    Q43_3          2      3.9      4.1
should open relations                    Q43_4          3      5.9      6.1
other, specify                           Q43_5         38     74.5     77.6
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses       51    100.0    104.1
351 missing cases;  49 valid cases






Much has been said about the impact of the Elian case on ethnic relations in Miami. Do you think that ethnic relations in the Miami area are worse, about the same, or better now than before the Elian case?

Cuban sample

Q44 ethnic relations now vs. before in Miami

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 WORSE 341 29.0 30.9 30.9
2 2 ABOUT THE SAME 657 55.9 59.6 90.6
3 3 BETTER 104 8.9 9.4 100.0
Total 1102 93.8 100.0
Missing 4 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 73 6.2

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


ethnic relations now vs. before in Miami: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 WORSE 136 34.0 37.0 37.0
2 ABOUT THE SAME 199 49.8 54.1 91.0
3 BETTER 33 8.3 9.0 100.0
Total 368 92.0 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 32 8.0

Total 400 100.0






From what you know about the case now, do you think that the Elian Gonzalez situation should have been handled differently than it was?

Cuban sample

Q45 handled Elain case differently

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 1040 88.5 92.0 92.0
2 2 NO 90 7.7 8.0 100.0
Total 1130 96.2 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 45 3.8

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


handled Elain case differently: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 321 80.3 83.4 83.4
2 NO 64 16.0 16.6 100.0
Total 385 96.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 15 3.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


handled Elain case differently: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 334 83.5 87.9 87.9
2 NO 46 11.5 12.1 100.0
Total 380 95.0 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 20 5.0

Total 400 100.0






In what way do you think the situation should have been handled differently? [DO NOT READ LIST -- SELECT ALL THAT APPLY]

Cuban sample


GROUPS = $Q46 'Handled differently:'( Q46_1 Q46_2 Q46_3 Q46_4
  Q46_5 Q46_6 (1) )
  /FREQUENCIES = $Q46 .

Group $Q46  Handled differently:
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
US let Elian stay in Miami               Q46_1        381     16.7     36.6
US should have acted sooner              Q46_2        157      6.9     15.1
Elian's father allowed to stay in US     Q46_3         58      2.5      5.6
other, specify                           Q46_4        618     27.1     59.4
don't know/no response                   Q46_5         23      1.0      2.2
no more                                  Q46_6       1040     45.7    100.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     2277    100.0    218.9
135 missing cases;  1,040 valid cases

local non-Cuban sample


Group $Q46  Handled differently:: local non-Cuban sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
US let Elian stay in Miami               Q46_1         41     11.7     13.1
US should have acted sooner              Q46_2        103     29.5     33.0
Elian's father allowed to stay in US     Q46_3         18      5.2      5.8
other, specify                           Q46_4        187     53.6     59.9
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      349    100.0    111.9
88 missing cases;  312 valid cases


national sample


Group $Q46  Handled differently:: national sample
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
US let Elian stay in Miami               Q46_1         51     14.0     15.6
US should have acted sooner              Q46_2        160     44.0     49.1
Elian's father allowed to stay in US     Q46_3          3       .8       .9
other, specify                           Q46_4        150     41.2     46.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      364    100.0    111.7
74 missing cases;  326 valid cases







Miami has been represented as having the characteristics of a "banana republic." Do you think that the label is deserved?

Cuban sample
Q47 Miami banana republic

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 183 15.6 18.3 18.3
2 2 NO 692 58.9 69.1 87.3
3 3 NOT SURE 127 10.8 12.7 100.0
Total 1002 85.3 100.0
Missing 4 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 173 14.7

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


Miami banana republic: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 142 35.5 43.7 43.7
2 NO 145 36.3 44.6 88.3
3 NOT SURE 38 9.5 11.7 100.0
Total 325 81.3 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 75 18.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


Miami banana republic: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 90 22.5 29.9 29.9
2 NO 117 29.3 38.9 68.8
3 NOT SURE 94 23.5 31.2 100.0
Total 301 75.3 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 99 24.8

Total 400 100.0


CUBAN SAMPLE
Group $Q48  Banana republic:
     (Value tabulated = 1)
                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases
other places just as bad                 Q48_1        153      8.1     17.5
was important to take a stand            Q48_2        157      8.3     17.9
other not deserved, specify              Q48_3        237     12.5     27.1
Miami leaders heeded ethnic too much     Q48_4         47      2.5      5.4
showed local corruption                  Q48_5         61      3.2      7.0
Miami looked bad in national news        Q48_6         36      1.9      4.1
other deserved, specify                  Q48_7        218     11.5     24.9
don't know/no response                   Q48_8        110      5.8     12.6
no more                                  Q48_9        875     46.2    100.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     1894    100.0    216.5
300 missing cases;  875 valid cases







Now, I want to ask you a few questions about yourself. Were you born in Cuba, the U.S. or somewhere else?

Q49 born Cuba, US, elsewhere

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 CUBA 968 82.4 82.5 82.5
2 2 U.S. 150 12.8 12.8 95.2
3 3 SOMEWHERE ELSE 56 4.8 4.8 100.0
Total 1174 99.9 100.0
Missing 4 4 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .1

Total 1175 100.0










I want to ask you a few questions about yourself. Were you born in the U.S. or another country?

local non-Cuban sample


country of birth: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 U.S. 185 46.3 46.4 46.4
2 ANOTHER COUNTRY 214 53.5 53.6 100.0
Total 399 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


country of birth: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 U.S. 365 91.3 91.5 91.5
2 ANOTHER COUNTRY 34 8.5 8.5 100.0
Total 399 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .3

Total 400 100.0


Waves of immigration from Cuba

Waves of immigration from Cuba^*

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid before 1959 35 2.0 4.1 4.1
1959-1964 177 10.4 20.8 24.9
1965-1974 220 12.9 25.9 50.8
1975-1984 139 8.1 16.4 67.2
after 1984 168 9.8 19.8 86.9
born in the USA 111 6.5 13.1 100.0
Total 850 49.7 100.0
Missing not Cuban sample or not born in Cuba or US 859 50.3

Total 1709 100.0







Were your parents born in Cuba,the U.S. or somewhere else?



Q52 parents born

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 CUBA 938 79.8 79.9 79.9
2 2 U.S. 14 1.2 1.2 81.1
3 3 ONE PARENT BORN IN CUBA, ONE ELSEWHERE 126 10.7 10.7 91.8
4 4 SOMEWHERE ELSE 96 8.2 8.2 100.0
Total 1174 99.9 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .1

Total 1175 100.0





Do you have any close relatives still living in Cuba?

Q53 relatives still in Cuba

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 868 73.9 74.0 74.0
2 2 NO 305 26.0 26.0 100.0
Total 1173 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 2 .2

Total 1175 100.0





Have you ever traveled to Cuba [IF BORN IN CUBA: since you left]?

Cuban sample

Q54 traveled to Cuba

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES, TRAVELED 331 28.2 28.2 28.2
2 2 NO 844 71.8 71.8 100.0
Total 1175 100.0 100.0



local non-Cuban sample


traveled to Cuba: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, TRAVELED 40 10.0 10.0 10.0
2 NO 359 89.8 90.0 100.0
Total 399 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


traveled to Cuba: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, TRAVELED 19 4.8 4.8 4.8
2 NO 381 95.3 95.3 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0






When was the last time you traveled to Cuba, that is, in what year?

Cuban sample

local non-Cuban sample


year traveled to Cuba: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1899 1 .3 2.5 2.5
1940 1 .3 2.5 5.0
1942 1 .3 2.5 7.5
1943 1 .3 2.5 10.0
1944 1 .3 2.5 12.5
1945 1 .3 2.5 15.0
1948 1 .3 2.5 17.5
1949 1 .3 2.5 20.0
1953 1 .3 2.5 22.5
1955 2 .5 5.0 27.5
1956 1 .3 2.5 30.0
1957 3 .8 7.5 37.5
1959 1 .3 2.5 40.0
1960 1 .3 2.5 42.5
1962 1 .3 2.5 45.0
1963 2 .5 5.0 50.0
1975 2 .5 5.0 55.0
1978 1 .3 2.5 57.5
1979 1 .3 2.5 60.0
1980 1 .3 2.5 62.5
1985 1 .3 2.5 65.0
1988 2 .5 5.0 70.0
1991 1 .3 2.5 72.5
1994 2 .5 5.0 77.5
1995 1 .3 2.5 80.0
1998 4 1.0 10.0 90.0
1999 3 .8 7.5 97.5
2000 1 .3 2.5 100.0
Total 40 10.0 100.0
Missing System 360 90.0

Total 400 100.0


national sample


year traveled to Cuba: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1940 1 .3 5.3 5.3
1943 1 .3 5.3 10.5
1955 1 .3 5.3 15.8
1957 1 .3 5.3 21.1
1963 2 .5 10.5 31.6
1964 1 .3 5.3 36.8
1968 1 .3 5.3 42.1
1969 1 .3 5.3 47.4
1983 1 .3 5.3 52.6
1985 1 .3 5.3 57.9
1989 1 .3 5.3 63.2
1992 1 .3 5.3 68.4
1995 1 .3 5.3 73.7
1996 1 .3 5.3 78.9
1997 1 .3 5.3 84.2
2000 3 .8 15.8 100.0
Total 19 4.8 100.0
Missing System 381 95.3

Total 400 100.0






Do you or relatives in Miami send money to relatives in Cuba?

Q56 send money to relatives in Cuba

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 459 39.1 39.5 39.5
2 2 NO 704 59.9 60.5 100.0
Total 1163 99.0 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 12 1.0

Total 1175 100.0





[INTERVIEWER RECORD GENDER]

Cuban sample
Q57 gender

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 MALE 496 42.2 42.2 42.2
2 2 FEMALE 679 57.8 57.8 100.0
Total 1175 100.0 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


gender: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 MALE 165 41.3 41.3 41.3
2 FEMALE 235 58.8 58.8 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0


national sample


gender: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 MALE 190 47.5 47.5 47.5
2 FEMALE 210 52.5 52.5 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0






Are you an active member of a professional and/or civic organization?

Cuban sample

Q59 prof/civic organization

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 164 14.0 14.0 14.0
2 2 NO 1007 85.7 86.0 100.0
Total 1171 99.7 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE. 4 .3

Total 1175 100.0






local non-Cuban sample


prof/civic organization: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 95 23.8 23.9 23.9
2 NO 303 75.8 76.1 100.0
Total 398 99.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE. 2 .5

Total 400 100.0


national sample


prof/civic organization: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 107 26.8 26.8 26.8
2 NO 292 73.0 73.2 100.0
Total 399 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE. 1 .3

Total 400 100.0






Are you an active member of an organization that works directly on issues affecting Cuba?

Cuban sample

Q60 Cuba organization

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 53 4.5 4.5 4.5
2 2 NO 1119 95.2 95.5 100.0
Total 1172 99.7 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 3 .3

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


Cuba organization: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 3 .8 .8 .8
2 NO 397 99.3 99.3 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0


national sample


Cuba organization: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 6 1.5 1.5 1.5
2 NO 394 98.5 98.5 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0






Do you belong to a labor union?

Cuban sample

Q61 labor union

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 70 6.0 6.0 6.0
2 2 NO 1098 93.4 94.0 100.0
Total 1168 99.4 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 7 .6

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


labor union: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 36 9.0 9.0 9.0
2 NO 364 91.0 91.0 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0


national sample


labor union: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 52 13.0 13.0 13.0
2 NO 348 87.0 87.0 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0






Do you have any children under 18?

Cuban sample

Q63 children under 18

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 255 21.7 21.7 21.7
2 2 NO 919 78.2 78.3 100.0
Total 1174 99.9 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .1

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


children under 18: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 102 25.5 25.6 25.6
2 NO 297 74.3 74.4 100.0
Total 399 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


children under 18: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 107 26.8 26.8 26.8
2 NO 293 73.3 73.3 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0






What is your marital status?

Cuban sample

Q64 marital status

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 MARRIED 736 62.6 62.6 62.6
2 2 SINGLE 290 24.7 24.7 87.3
3 3 DIVORCED 149 12.7 12.7 100.0
Total 1175 100.0 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


marital status: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 MARRIED 204 51.0 51.0 51.0
2 SINGLE 143 35.8 35.8 86.8
3 DIVORCED 53 13.3 13.3 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0


national sample


marital status: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 MARRIED 234 58.5 58.5 58.5
2 SINGLE 129 32.3 32.3 90.8
3 DIVORCED 37 9.3 9.3 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0






What is the highest grade of school you have completed?

Cuban sample
Q65 education

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 GRADE SCHOOL (1-8) 118 10.0 10.1 10.1
2 2 SOME HIGH SCHOOL (9-11) 114 9.7 9.7 19.8
3 3 HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATE 277 23.6 23.7 43.5
4 4 SOME COLLEGE (INCLUDES ASSOCIATE DEGREE) 224 19.1 19.1 62.6
5 5 TECHNICAL OR VOCATIONAL SCHOOL 49 4.2 4.2 66.8
6 6 COLLEGE GRADUATE (FOUR YEAR DEGREE ONLY) 271 23.1 23.1 89.9
7 7 COMPLETED GRADUATE DEGREE (MA, PHD, MD) 118 10.0 10.1 100.0
Total 1171 99.7 100.0
Missing 8 8 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE. 4 .3

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


education: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 GRADE SCHOOL (1-8) 18 4.5 4.5 4.5
2 SOME HIGH SCHOOL (9-11) 28 7.0 7.1 11.6
3 HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATE 84 21.0 21.2 32.7
4 SOME COLLEGE (INCLUDES ASSOCIATE DEGREE) 90 22.5 22.7 55.4
5 TECHNICAL OR VOCATIONAL SCHOOL 14 3.5 3.5 58.9
6 COLLEGE GRADUATE (FOUR YEAR DEGREE ONLY) 96 24.0 24.2 83.1
7 COMPLETED GRADUATE DEGREE (MA, PHD, MD) 67 16.8 16.9 100.0
Total 397 99.3 100.0
Missing 8 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE. 3 .8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


education: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 GRADE SCHOOL (1-8) 5 1.3 1.3 1.3
2 SOME HIGH SCHOOL (9-11) 16 4.0 4.0 5.3
3 HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATE 101 25.3 25.3 30.5
4 SOME COLLEGE (INCLUDES ASSOCIATE DEGREE) 128 32.0 32.0 62.5
5 TECHNICAL OR VOCATIONAL SCHOOL 17 4.3 4.3 66.8
6 COLLEGE GRADUATE (FOUR YEAR DEGREE ONLY) 89 22.3 22.3 89.0
7 COMPLETED GRADUATE DEGREE (MA, PHD, MD) 44 11.0 11.0 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0






Are you a U.S. citizen?

Cuban sample
Q67 U.S. citizen

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 829 70.6 70.7 70.7
2 2 NO 344 29.3 29.3 100.0
Total 1173 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 2 .2

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


U.S. citizen: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 280 70.0 70.2 70.2
2 NO 119 29.8 29.8 100.0
Total 399 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


U.S. citizen: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 383 95.8 95.8 95.8
2 NO 17 4.3 4.3 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0






Are you registered to vote?

Cuban sample
Q68 registered to vote

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 751 63.9 91.0 91.0
2 2 NO 74 6.3 9.0 100.0
Total 825 70.2 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 4 .3

System 346 29.4

Total 350 29.8

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


registered to vote: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 252 63.0 90.0 90.0
2 NO 28 7.0 10.0 100.0
Total 280 70.0 100.0
Missing System 120 30.0

Total 400 100.0


national sample


registered to vote: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 342 85.5 89.5 89.5
2 NO 40 10.0 10.5 100.0
Total 382 95.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .3

System 17 4.3

Total 18 4.5

Total 400 100.0






Are you registered as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or with some other party?

Cuban sample

Q69 political party

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 REPUBLICAN 490 41.7 67.0 67.0
2 2 DEMOCRAT 126 10.7 17.2 84.3
3 3 INDEPENDENT 105 8.9 14.4 98.6
4 5 OTHER 10 .9 1.4 100.0
Total 731 62.2 100.0
Missing 5 6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 20 1.7

System 424 36.1

Total 444 37.8

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


political party: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 REPUBLICAN 56 14.0 23.9 23.9
2 DEMOCRAT 131 32.8 56.0 79.9
3 INDEPENDENT 42 10.5 17.9 97.9
5 OTHER 5 1.3 2.1 100.0
Total 234 58.5 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 18 4.5

System 148 37.0

Total 166 41.5

Total 400 100.0


national sample


political party: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 REPUBLICAN 97 24.3 31.2 31.2
2 DEMOCRAT 122 30.5 39.2 70.4
3 INDEPENDENT 75 18.8 24.1 94.5
5 OTHER 17 4.3 5.5 100.0
Total 311 77.8 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 31 7.8

System 58 14.5

Total 89 22.3

Total 400 100.0






What is your racial group -- is it White, Black, Asian, or something else?

Cuban sample

Q70 race

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 WHITE 1027 87.4 87.4 87.4
2 2 BLACK 29 2.5 2.5 89.9
4 4 OTHER, SPECIFY 104 8.9 8.9 98.7
5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 15 1.3 1.3 100.0
Total 1175 100.0 100.0



local non-Cuban sample


race: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 WHITE 272 68.0 68.0 68.0
2 BLACK 71 17.8 17.8 85.8
3 ASIAN 5 1.3 1.3 87.0
4 OTHER, SPECIFY 44 11.0 11.0 98.0
5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 8 2.0 2.0 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0


national sample


race: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 WHITE 332 83.0 83.0 83.0
2 BLACK 30 7.5 7.5 90.5
3 ASIAN 3 .8 .8 91.3
4 OTHER, SPECIFY 30 7.5 7.5 98.8
5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 5 1.3 1.3 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0






Are you Hispanic or Latino?

Cuban sample
Q71 Hispanic or Latino

Frequency Percent
Missing System 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


Hispanic or Latino: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, HISPANIC 187 46.8 46.9 46.9
2 NO 212 53.0 53.1 100.0
Total 399 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


Hispanic or Latino: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, HISPANIC 41 10.3 10.3 10.3
2 NO 356 89.0 89.7 100.0
Total 397 99.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 3 .8

Total 400 100.0






What language do you prefer to get your news in?

Cuban sample
Q72 news language

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 ENGLISH 291 24.8 24.8 24.8
2 2 SPANISH 643 54.7 54.8 79.6
3 3 OTHER 1 .1 .1 79.7
4 4 BOTH ENGLISH AND SPANISH 238 20.3 20.3 100.0
Total 1173 99.8 100.0
Missing 5 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 2 .2

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


news language: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ENGLISH 237 59.3 59.3 59.3
2 SPANISH 115 28.8 28.8 88.0
3 OTHER 9 2.3 2.3 90.3
4 BOTH ENGLISH AND SPANISH 39 9.8 9.8 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0


national sample


news language: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ENGLISH 381 95.3 95.5 95.5
2 SPANISH 9 2.3 2.3 97.7
3 OTHER 4 1.0 1.0 98.7
4 BOTH ENGLISH AND SPANISH 5 1.3 1.3 100.0
Total 399 99.8 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .3

Total 400 100.0






Where do you get most of your news about Cuba -- newspapers, television, radio or some other source?

Cuban sample


Q73 Cuba news source

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 NEWSPAPERS 196 16.7 16.9 16.9
2 2 TELEVISION 650 55.3 56.1 73.0
3 3 RADIO 169 14.4 14.6 87.6
4 4 WORD-OF-MOUTH FROM FAMILY OR OTHERS 41 3.5 3.5 91.1
5 5 OTHER, SPECIFY 103 8.8 8.9 100.0
Total 1159 98.6 100.0
Missing 6 6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 16 1.4

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


Cuba news source: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 NEWSPAPERS 111 27.8 28.0 28.0
2 TELEVISION 221 55.3 55.7 83.6
3 RADIO 21 5.3 5.3 88.9
4 WORD-OF-MOUTH FROM FAMILY OR OTHERS 14 3.5 3.5 92.4
5 OTHER, SPECIFY 30 7.5 7.6 100.0
Total 397 99.3 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 3 .8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


Cuba news source: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 NEWSPAPERS 115 28.8 28.8 28.8
2 TELEVISION 213 53.3 53.4 82.2
3 RADIO 39 9.8 9.8 92.0
4 WORD-OF-MOUTH FROM FAMILY OR OTHERS 4 1.0 1.0 93.0
5 OTHER, SPECIFY 28 7.0 7.0 100.0
Total 399 99.8 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 1 .3

Total 400 100.0


Now, we don't want your exact income, but could you tell me if your total annual household income -- from all members of your household - before taxes is...

Cuban sample

Q74 household income

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 under $20,000? 257 21.9 29.2 29.2
2 2 $20,000 - $30,000? 165 14.0 18.7 47.9
3 3 $30,000 - $50,000? 194 16.5 22.0 69.9
4 4 $50,000 - $70,000? 90 7.7 10.2 80.1
5 5 more than $70,000? 175 14.9 19.9 100.0
Total 881 75.0 100.0
Missing 6 6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 294 25.0

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


household income: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 under $20,000? 52 13.0 17.6 17.6
2 $20,000 - $30,000? 62 15.5 21.0 38.6
3 $30,000 - $50,000? 64 16.0 21.7 60.3
4 $50,000 - $70,000? 58 14.5 19.7 80.0
5 more than $70,000? 59 14.8 20.0 100.0
Total 295 73.8 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 105 26.3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


household income: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 under $20,000? 34 8.5 10.6 10.6
2 $20,000 - $30,000? 47 11.8 14.6 25.2
3 $30,000 - $50,000? 85 21.3 26.5 51.7
4 $50,000 - $70,000? 69 17.3 21.5 73.2
5 more than $70,000? 86 21.5 26.8 100.0
Total 321 80.3 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 79 19.8

Total 400 100.0






Finally, I have three last questions on political issues: [IF REGISTERED TO VOTE] Could you tell me whether you plan to vote for Al Gore or for George W. Bush in the November election for president?

Cuban sample

Q75 Pres vote plans

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 GORE 116 9.9 14.9 14.9
2 2 BUSH 496 42.2 63.8 78.7
3 3 OTHER 7 .6 .9 79.6
4 4 UNDECIDED 123 10.5 15.8 95.4
6 6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 36 3.1 4.6 100.0
Total 778 66.2 100.0
Missing 5 5 WILL NOT VOTE 51 4.3

System 346 29.4

Total 397 33.8

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


Pres vote plans: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 GORE 133 33.3 49.1 49.1
2 BUSH 58 14.5 21.4 70.5
3 OTHER 4 1.0 1.5 72.0
4 UNDECIDED 55 13.8 20.3 92.3
6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 21 5.3 7.7 100.0
Total 271 67.8 100.0
Missing 5 WILL NOT VOTE 9 2.3

System 120 30.0

Total 129 32.3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


Pres vote plans: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 GORE 128 32.0 35.7 35.7
2 BUSH 100 25.0 27.9 63.5
3 OTHER 6 1.5 1.7 65.2
4 UNDECIDED 108 27.0 30.1 95.3
6 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 17 4.3 4.7 100.0
Total 359 89.8 100.0
Missing 5 WILL NOT VOTE 24 6.0

System 17 4.3

Total 41 10.3

Total 400 100.0






Suppose that on Election Day this year you could vote on key issues as well as candidates. Please tell me whether you would vote for or against each one of the following propositions: Would you vote for or against: re-establishing US diplomatic relations with Cuba?

Cuban sample

Q76 diplomatic relations

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 FOR RE-ESTABLISHING DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS 402 34.2 38.2 38.2
2 2 AGAINST RE-ESTABLISHING DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS 649 55.2 61.8 100.0
Total 1051 89.4 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 124 10.6

Total 1175 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


diplomatic relations: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 FOR RE-ESTABLISHING DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS 239 59.8 70.1 70.1
2 AGAINST RE-ESTABLISHING DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS 102 25.5 29.9 100.0
Total 341 85.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 59 14.8

Total 400 100.0


national sample


diplomatic relations: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 FOR RE-ESTABLISHING DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS 284 71.0 82.1 82.1
2 AGAINST RE-ESTABLISHING DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS 62 15.5 17.9 100.0
Total 346 86.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 54 13.5

Total 400 100.0






Would you vote for or against: ending the US trade embargo with Cuba?

Cuban sample

Q77 vote US embargo

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 FOR ENDING THE TRADE EMBARGO 396 33.7 37.5 37.5
2 2 AGAINST ENDING THE TRADE EMBARGO 660 56.2 62.5 100.0
Total 1056 89.9 100.0
Missing 3 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 119 10.1

Total 1175 100.0

local non-Cuban sample


vote US embargo: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 FOR ENDING THE TRADE EMBARGO 203 50.8 59.2 59.2
2 AGAINST ENDING THE TRADE EMBARGO 140 35.0 40.8 100.0
Total 343 85.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 57 14.3

Total 400 100.0


national sample


vote US embargo: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 FOR ENDING THE TRADE EMBARGO 209 52.3 64.7 64.7
2 AGAINST ENDING THE TRADE EMBARGO 114 28.5 35.3 100.0
Total 323 80.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 77 19.3

Total 400 100.0






As I said at the beginning, this interview is confidential. However, reporters often want to call people who were interviewed to talk about their views. If this happens, would you be willing to let a reporter call you?

Cuban sample
Q78 reporter interview

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 1 YES 507 43.1 43.1 43.1
2 2 NO 668 56.9 56.9 100.0
Total 1175 100.0 100.0


local non-Cuban sample


reporter interview: local non-Cuban sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 182 45.5 45.5 45.5
2 NO 218 54.5 54.5 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0


national sample


reporter interview: national sample

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 181 45.3 45.3 45.3
2 NO 219 54.8 54.8 100.0
Total 400 100.0 100.0