(c) 2004 Institute for Public Opinion Research/Florida International University

data updated Monday March 16 6:20 pm. This includes all interviews done for the Poll

Preliminary results from all 1807 interviews

Do not quote, cite, or reference this web page

numbers and percentages will be different in the final results


Cuba Poll final results

This completes interviews for the survey.

Results are weighted to account for the fact that proportionally more interviews are being done in Broward in order to obtain more accurate results there.
When overall results for both counties together are reported, the percentages will accurately represent the overall opinions of Cuban-Americans in both both counties. The overall sample for the Poll was 1,807 interviews. The weighting procedure results in an apparent total of 1,811. The important thing to compare is the percentages.

With 1807 interviews completed currently the results on this page have a margin of error of ± 2.4%, with a 95% confidence interval. This means that as long as no major opinion-shifting event concerning Cuba occurs, there is only a 5% chance that final percentages will be 4.4% more or less than the percentages shown here. For example, 66.0% of respondents here favor continuing the embargo. We can be 95% confident the the final result will not be greater than 68.4% or less than 63.6%. Margins of error for smaller subsamples will be larger.

Results have been weighted as discussed above to accurately estimate the opinions of Cuban-Americans in both counties.
1201 interviews have been completed in Miami-Dade County, with a margin of error of ± 2.9%
606 interviews have been completed in Broward County, with a margin of error of ± 4.1%


When writing stories please include the following
This survey was conducted by the Institute for Public Opinion Research and the Cuban Research Institute of Florida International University. 1,201 randomly selected Cuban-American respondents were polled in Miami-Dade County and 606 in Broward. Interviews were completed on March 16, 2004. The margin of error for the overall poll is plus or minus 2.4%. This is the seventh in the series of FIU/Cuba Polls conducted since 1991.

 

Note on the amount of remittances sent to relatives in Cuba


Note on remittances

note on remittances (Adobe PDF)

 



Click here to see crosstabs comparing results from the two counties


Click here to see crosstabulations by year left Cuba



Click here to see pdf file of comparisons between different years of the Poll





County in which respondent lives


County in which respondent lives
COUNTY County


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1.00 Miami-Dade 1201 66.5 66.5 66.5
2.00 Broward 606 33.5 33.5 100.0
Total 1807 100.0 100.0




Intro to survey


Hello, my name is____________and I'm calling from Florida International University. We are conducting a study of the issues important to the Cuban community in South Florida. Is anyone in your HOUSEHOLD of CUBAN descent? [IF NO, GO TO DISPOSITIONS] If possible, for sampling purposes, I'm supposed to interview the youngest man 18 or older in your household. Could I do that or would you prefer that I talk to you?
HELLO Language interview conducted in


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ENGLISH 434 23.9 23.9 23.9
2 SPANISH 1378 76.1 76.1 100.0
Total 1811 100.0 100.0




1. When political changes in Cuba


This confidential call may be monitored for quality control purposes. Over the past few years, people have been talking about the possibility of political changes in Cuba. When do you think that major political changes are likely to occur in Cuba? Would you say within one year, in two-to-five years, in six-to-ten years, over ten years, or never?
Q1 1. When political changes in Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 WITHIN ONE YEAR 155 8.5 12.3 12.3
2 IN TWO TO FIVE YEARS 558 30.8 44.3 56.6
3 IN SIX TO TEN YEARS 178 9.9 14.2 70.8
4 OVER TEN YEARS 136 7.5 10.8 81.6
5 NEVER 198 10.9 15.7 97.3
7 DON'T CARE / DON'T WANT TO RESPOND 34 1.9 2.7 100.0
Total 1258 69.5 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW 553 30.5

Total 1811 100.0





2. Allow companies to sell medicine to Cuba


[IF ON THESE QUESTIONS YOU GET THE RESPONSE "NOT AS LONG AS FIDEL OR RAUL ARE IN POWER" SAY: This question is about Cuba as it is now. Do you favor or oppose...] Over the years, the United States government has often supported different policies toward Cuba. I am going to read you some of the different policies that have been proposed and I would like you to tell me whether you favor or oppose these policies. First, allow companies to sell medicine to Cuba, do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?
Q2 2. Allow companies to sell medicine to Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 878 48.5 50.2 50.2
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 336 18.5 19.2 69.3
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 96 5.3 5.5 74.9
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 440 24.3 25.1 100.0
Total 1750 96.6 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 61 3.4

Total 1811 100.0





3. Allow US companies to sell food to Cuba


Allowing U.S. companies to sell food to Cuba. [..Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?]
Q3 3. Allow US companies to sell food to Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 682 37.6 39.3 39.3
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 268 14.8 15.5 54.8
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 173 9.5 10.0 64.7
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 612 33.8 35.3 100.0
Total 1735 95.8 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 77 4.2

Total 1811 100.0





4. Support direct U.S. military action to overthrow Cuban gov't


Supporting direct U.S. military action to overthrow the Cuban government. [...Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?]
Q4 4. Support direct U.S. military action to overthrow Cuban gov't


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 842 46.5 50.7 50.7
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 155 8.6 9.3 60.1
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 126 6.9 7.6 67.6
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 537 29.6 32.4 100.0
Total 1660 91.6 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 152 8.4

Total 1811 100.0





5. Support military action by exile community to overthrow Cuban gov't


Supporting military action by the exile community to overthrow the Cuban Government. [...Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?]
Q5 5. Support military action by exile community to overthrow Cuban gov't


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 826 45.6 49.8 49.8
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 172 9.5 10.4 60.2
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 140 7.7 8.4 68.6
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 521 28.8 31.4 100.0
Total 1660 91.6 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 152 8.4

Total 1811 100.0





6. Support human rights groups inside Cuba


Supporting human rights groups inside Cuba. [...Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?]
Q6 6. Support human rights groups inside Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 1498 82.7 86.1 86.1
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 137 7.6 7.9 93.9
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 31 1.7 1.8 95.7
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 75 4.1 4.3 100.0
Total 1740 96.1 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 71 3.9

Total 1811 100.0





7. Establish national dialogue among Cuban exiles, dissidents, & reps of Cuban gov't


Establishing a national dialogue among Cuban exiles, Cuban dissidents, and representatives of the Cuban government. [...Do you strongly favor, mostly favor, mostly oppose, or strongly oppose this?]
Q7 7. Establish national dialogue among Cuban exiles, dissidents, & reps of Cuban gov't


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY FAVOR 664 36.7 39.7 39.7
2 MOSTLY FAVOR 268 14.8 16.0 55.8
3 MOSTLY OPPOSE 127 7.0 7.6 63.4
4 STRONGLY OPPOSE 612 33.8 36.6 100.0
Total 1671 92.2 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 140 7.8

Total 1811 100.0





8. Prohibit U.S companies from doing business with Cuba


Prohibiting U.S companies from doing business with Cuba. [...Do you Strongly approve, mostly approve, mostly disapprove, or strongly disapprove?]
Q8 8. Prohibit U.S companies from doing business with Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 STRONGLY APPROVE 678 37.4 39.7 39.7
2 MOSTLY APPROVE 161 8.9 9.4 49.1
3 MOSTLY DISAPPROVE 181 10.0 10.6 59.7
4 STRONGLY DISAPPROVE 689 38.1 40.3 100.0
Total 1709 94.3 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 103 5.7

Total 1811 100.0





9. U.S. embargo of Cuba has worked overall


Overall, do you think the U.S. embargo of Cuba has worked very well, well, not very well, or not at all?
Q9 9. U.S. embargo of Cuba has worked overall


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY WELL 143 7.9 8.4 8.4
2 WELL 292 16.1 17.2 25.6
3 NOT VERY WELL 478 26.4 28.1 53.7
4 NOT AT ALL 787 43.5 46.3 100.0
Total 1701 93.9 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 111 6.1

Total 1811 100.0





10. Favor or oppose continuing U.S. embargo of Cuba


Do you favor or oppose continuing the U.S. embargo of Cuba?
Q10 10. Favor or oppose continuing U.S. embargo of Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 FAVOR 1073 59.2 66.1 66.1
2 OPPOSE 550 30.3 33.9 100.0
Total 1623 89.6 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 189 10.4

Total 1811 100.0





11. Favor or oppose diplomatic relations


Do you favor or oppose the U.S. re-establishing diplomatic relations with Cuba?
Q11 11. Favor or oppose diplomatic relations


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 FAVOR 708 39.1 42.7 42.7
2 OPPOSE 949 52.4 57.3 100.0
Total 1657 91.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 154 8.5

Total 1811 100.0





12. How involved politically US in Cuba after Castro


Immediately after Fidel and Raul Castro leave power, do you think the United States should be very involved in what happens politically in Cuba, somewhat involved, or not involved at all?
Q12 12. How involved politically US in Cuba after Castro


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY INVOLVED 879 48.5 51.1 51.1
2 SOMEWHAT INVOLVED 523 28.9 30.4 81.5
3 NOT INVOLVED AT ALL 318 17.6 18.5 100.0
Total 1720 95.0 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 91 5.0

Total 1811 100.0





13. Next president of Cuba someone living in Cuba or exile


Immediately after Fidel and Raul Castro leave power, which do you think would be better: that the next president of Cuba be someone now living in Cuba, or be someone from the exile community?
Q13 13. Next president of Cuba someone living in Cuba or exile


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 SOMEONE IN CUBA 870 48.0 52.2 52.2
2 FROM EXILE COMMUNITY 329 18.1 19.7 71.9
3 EITHER 432 23.8 25.9 97.8
4 NEITHER 36 2.0 2.2 100.0
Total 1666 92.0 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 145 8.0

Total 1811 100.0





14. Unrestricted travel from US to Cuba allowed or not


Should unrestricted travel from the US to Cuba be allowed or not?
Q14 14. Unrestricted travel from US to Cuba allowed or not


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, ALLOWED 805 44.5 46.2 46.2
2 NO, NOT ALLOWED 938 51.8 53.8 100.0
Total 1743 96.2 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 68 3.8

Total 1811 100.0





15. How important candidate's position on Cuba in determining vote


In political elections, how important is a candidate's position on Cuba in determining your vote - would you say it is very important, moderately important, not very important, or not at all important?
Q15 15. How important candidate's position on Cuba in determining vote


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY IMPORTANT 869 48.0 53.9 53.9
2 MODERATELY IMPORTANT 330 18.2 20.5 74.4
3 NOT VERY IMPORTANT 171 9.4 10.6 84.9
4 NOT AT ALL IMPORTANT 243 13.4 15.1 100.0
Total 1613 89.1 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 198 10.9

Total 1811 100.0





16. In Miami all points of view on dealing with the Castro being heard


In South Florida right now, do you feel that all points of view on how to deal with the Castro regime are being heard or do you feel that some views are not being heard?
Q16 16. In Miami all points of view on dealing with Castro being heard


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ALL VIEWS ARE BEING HEARD 401 22.2 25.8 25.8
2 SOME VIEWS ARE NOT BEING HEARD 1153 63.6 74.2 100.0
Total 1554 85.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE. 257 14.2

Total 1811 100.0





17. Views not being heard


Which views do you think are not being heard? Those supporting more open relations with Cuba or those supporting stronger opposition to the Cuban government, or some other views?
Q17 17. Views not being heard


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VIEWS SUPPORTING MORE OPEN RELATIONS 285 15.8 27.6 27.6
2 VIEWS SUPPORTING STRONGER OPPOSITION 614 33.9 59.2 86.8
3 OTHER, SPECIFY 137 7.6 13.2 100.0
Total 1036 57.2 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 117 6.4

System 659 36.4

Total 775 42.8

Total 1811 100.0





18. If Cuba democracy, how likely return to Cuba to live


What if Cuba changed to a democratic form of government. How likely is it that you would return to Cuba to live - would you say very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely?
Q18 18. If Cuba democracy, how likely return to Cuba to live


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY LIKELY 310 17.1 17.7 17.7
2 SOMEWHAT LIKELY 276 15.2 15.7 33.4
3 NOT VERY LIKELY 332 18.3 18.9 52.3
4 NOT AT ALL LIKELY 837 46.2 47.7 100.0
Total 1756 96.9 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 55 3.1

Total 1811 100.0





19. Agree with 20,000 Cubans per year


Currently the United States allows 20,000 Cubans per year to come to the United States to live. In general, do you agree or disagree with this migration policy?
Q19 19. Agree with 20,000 Cubans per year


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 AGREE 1408 77.7 81.5 81.5
2 DISAGREE 319 17.6 18.5 100.0
Total 1726 95.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 85 4.7

Total 1811 100.0





21. Agree with Cuba adjustment act


As it stands, Cubans who leave by raft or boat are sent back to Cuba if they are intercepted before they reach U.S. soil. If they DO REACH U.S. soil they are allowed to stay in the U.S. Do you agree or disagree with this policy?
Q21 21. Agree with Cuba adjustment act


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 AGREE 569 31.4 32.5 32.5
2 DISAGREE 1183 65.3 67.5 100.0
Total 1752 96.7 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 59 3.3

Total 1811 100.0





Group $Q22  22. Why disagree with CAA
     (Value tabulated = 1)

                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases

SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO COME TO U.S. EVEN I Q22_1        984     78.3     83.1
CUBANS WHO REACH U.S. SOIL SHOULD HAVE T Q22_2         19      1.5      1.6
NOT FAIR SINCE HAITIANS AND OTHERS ARE S Q22_3         24      1.9      2.1
OTHER, SPECIFY                           Q22_4        213     17.0     18.0
DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE                 Q22_5         16      1.2      1.3
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     1256    100.0    106.1

628 missing cases;  1,183 valid cases




23. Reason people want go from Cuba to US economics or freedom


If you have to CHOOSE ONLY ONE REASON, do you think the primary reason people want to come from Cuba to the U.S. is for economic reasons or is due to lack of freedom in Cuba? [INTERVIEWER IF THEY SAY "BOTH" ASK: If you had to pick one reason what would it be? IF THEY STILL INSIST ON BOTH, CHECK #3]
Q23 23. Reason people want go from Cuba to US economics or freedom


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ECONOMIC REASONS 456 25.2 25.4 25.4
2 LACK OF FREEDOM 888 49.0 49.5 74.9
3 INSISTS ON BOTH BEING EQUALLY IMPORTANT 451 24.9 25.1 100.0
Total 1796 99.1 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 16 .9

Total 1811 100.0





Group $Q24  24. Direct US military action support
     (Value tabulated = 1)

                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases

LAND INVASION                            Q24_1        331     24.3     33.2
BOMBING OF SELECTED MILITARY TARGETS     Q24_2        190     14.0     19.1
BOMBING OF URBAN AREAS                   Q24_3         85      6.3      8.5
CIA OR OTHER SECRET ACTIVITY             Q24_4        121      8.9     12.1
OTHER, SPECIFY                           Q24_5        445     32.7     44.6
DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE                 Q24_6        189     13.9     19.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     1361    100.0    136.5

814 missing cases;  997 valid cases




25. Musical groups from Cuba should not be allowed to perform in Miami


Some people argue that musical groups that come from Cuba, such as Los Van Van, should not be allowed to perform in Miami. Do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
Q25 25. Musical groups from Cuba should not be allowed to perform in Miami


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 AGREE 885 48.9 51.7 51.7
2 DISAGREE 827 45.7 48.3 100.0
Total 1712 94.5 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 99 5.5

Total 1811 100.0





26. Where get news about Cuba


What is the most important source for you to get news about Cuba - newspapers, television, radio or some other source?
Q26 26. Where get news about Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 NEWSPAPERS 223 12.3 12.6 12.6
2 TELEVISION 859 47.4 48.5 61.1
3 RADIO 250 13.8 14.1 75.2
4 WORD-OF-MOUTH FROM FAMILY OR OTHERS 201 11.1 11.4 86.5
5 OTHER, SPECIFY 238 13.2 13.5 100.0
Total 1772 97.8 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 40 2.2

Total 1811 100.0





27. Needed news from Cuba


Is there some type of news or information about Cuba you would like to be able to get but can't get now?
Q27 27. Needed news from Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, SPECIFY 271 14.9 15.6 15.6
2 NO 1470 81.2 84.4 100.0
Total 1741 96.1 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 71 3.9

Total 1811 100.0





28. Born in Cuba, U.S. or somewhere else


Now, I want to ask you a few questions about yourself. Were you born in Cuba, the Miami area, elsewhere in the U.S., or in some other country?
Q28 28. Born in Cuba, U.S. or somewhere else


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 CUBA 1609 88.8 88.8 88.8
2 MIAMI AREA 133 7.3 7.3 96.1
3 ELSEWHERE IN U.S. 52 2.9 2.9 99.0
4 OTHER COUNTRY, SPECIFY [ASK WHICH COUNTRY] 18 1.0 1.0 100.0
Total 1811 100.0 100.0




29. Parents born in Cuba, U.S. or somewhere else


Were your parents born in Cuba,the U.S. or somewhere else?
Q29 29. Parents born in Cuba, U.S. or somewhere else


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 CUBA 1588 87.7 87.8 87.8
2 U.S. 2 .1 .1 87.9
3 ONE PARENT BORN IN CUBA, ONE ELSEWHERE 147 8.1 8.1 96.0
4 SOMEWHERE ELSE, SPECIFY [ASK WHICH COUNTRY] 72 4.0 4.0 100.0
Total 1810 99.9 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 2 .1

Total 1811 100.0





30. What year left Cuba


In what year did you leave Cuba? [9 = DID NOT SAY]
LVYEAR Year left Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1.00 before 1959 49 2.7 2.7 2.7
2.00 1959-1964 308 17.0 17.1 19.8
3.00 1965-1974 396 21.9 22.0 41.7
4.00 1975-1984 264 14.5 14.6 56.3
5.00 after 1985 585 32.3 32.4 88.8
10.00 born in the US 203 11.2 11.2 100.0
Total 1804 99.6 100.0
Missing .00 8 .4

Total 1811 100.0





31. Where went first after Cuba


Where did you go first when you left Cuba? Did you come to the Miami area, New York, Spain, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Venezuela, or somewhere else?
Q31 31. Where went first after Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 MIAMI AREA 1099 60.7 68.5 68.5
2 NEW YORK AREA 65 3.6 4.1 72.6
3 SPAIN 123 6.8 7.7 80.3
4 PUERTO RICO 13 .7 .8 81.0
5 MEXICO 46 2.5 2.9 83.9
6 VENEZUELA 37 2.0 2.3 86.2
7 ELSEWHERE, SPECIFY [ASK WHICH COUNTRY] 221 12.2 13.8 100.0
Total 1604 88.6 100.0
Missing 8 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 4 .2

System 203 11.2

Total 207 11.4

Total 1811 100.0





33. How left Cuba


How did you leave Cuba?
Q33 33. How left Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 DIRECT FLIGHT TO THE U.S. 972 53.7 60.7 60.7
2 FLIGHT TO ANOTHER COUNTRY 331 18.3 20.6 81.3
3 BY BOAT 148 8.2 9.2 90.5
4 BY RAFT 77 4.2 4.8 95.3
5 OTHER, SPECIFY 75 4.1 4.7 100.0
Total 1602 88.5 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 6 .3

System 203 11.2

Total 209 11.5

Total 1811 100.0





34. Time in Guantanamo


Did you spend any time in the immigration processing center at Guantanamo Bay?
Q34 34. Time in Guantanamo


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 46 2.5 20.5 20.5
2 NO 179 9.9 79.5 100.0
Total 225 12.4 100.0
Missing System 1587 87.6

Total 1811 100.0





36. Where after Guantanamo


Where did you go first after being processed at Guantanamo?
Q36 36. Where after Guantanamo


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 MIAMI 36 2.0 81.0 81.0
2 OTHER PLACE IN THE U.S., SPECIFY WHERE 4 .2 7.9 88.9
7 OTHER COUNTRY, SPECIFY [ASK WHICH COUNTRY] 5 .3 11.1 100.0
Total 45 2.5 100.0
Missing 8 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 1 .1

System 1765 97.5

Total 1767 97.5

Total 1811 100.0





37. Close relatives still living in Cuba


Do you have any close relatives still living in Cuba?
Q37 37. Close relatives still living in Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 1407 77.7 77.8 77.8
2 NO 402 22.2 22.2 100.0
Total 1809 99.9 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 2 .1

Total 1811 100.0





38. Ever traveled to Cuba


Have you ever traveled to Cuba since you left?
Q38 38. Ever traveled to Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, TRAVELED 587 32.4 36.5 36.5
2 NO 1022 56.4 63.5 100.0
Total 1609 88.8 100.0
Missing System 203 11.2

Total 1811 100.0





40. Sends money to relatives in Cuba


Do you or relatives send money to relatives in Cuba?
Q40 40. Sends money to relatives in Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 955 52.7 53.6 53.6
2 NO 826 45.6 46.4 100.0
Total 1781 98.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 30 1.7

Total 1811 100.0





41. How much money sent


Over the last year IN 2003, about how much money was sent? [999 = DID NOT SAY, NO RESPONSE]
Q41 amount of funds sent to Cuba in 2003


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 $300 or less 244 13.5 40.0 40.0
2 over $300 to $500 118 6.5 19.3 59.3
3 over $500 to $1000 121 6.7 19.8 79.1
4 over $1000 128 7.1 20.9 100.0
Total 611 33.7 100.0
Missing -2 did not wish to give this information 344 19.0

-1 did not send money 857 47.3

Total 1200 66.3

Total 1811 100.0





Group $Q42  42. Items other than money sent
     (Value tabulated = 1)

                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases



All cases for this variable/group were missing.

1,811 missing cases;  0 valid cases




+++


---
XQ43 What language do you get your news in


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1.00 ENGLISH 405 22.3 22.4 22.4
2.00 BOTH ENGLISH AND SPANISH 321 17.7 17.8 40.1
3.00 SPANISH 1082 59.8 59.9 100.0
Total 1808 99.8 100.0
Missing -1.00 NEITHER 3 .2

Total 1811 100.0





44. Home language


What language does your family primarily speak at home?
Q44 44. Home language


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ENGLISH 205 11.3 11.3 11.3
2 SPANISH 1337 73.8 73.8 85.1
3 BOTH ABOUT THE SAME 269 14.8 14.8 100.0
4 OTHER LANGUAGE THAN SPANISH OR ENGLISH 0 .0 .0 100.0
Total 1811 100.0 100.0




45. Primary language spoken


Which language do you speak most often outside your home, English, Spanish, or both about the same?
Q45 45. Primary language spoken


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ENGLISH 416 23.0 23.0 23.0
2 SPANISH 973 53.7 53.8 76.8
3 BOTH ABOUT THE SAME 420 23.2 23.2 100.0
Total 1809 99.9 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 2 .1

Total 1811 100.0





46. Most comfortable language


What language are you more comfortable speaking, English or Spanish?
Q46 46. Most comfortable language


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ENGLISH 286 15.8 15.8 15.8
2 SPANISH 1295 71.5 71.5 87.3
3 BOTH ABOUT THE SAME 231 12.7 12.7 100.0
Total 1811 100.0 100.0




47. Language understanding of others


In general, how tolerant and understanding are non-Spanish-speakers in South Florida of why Cuban-Americans might prefer to speak Spanish with each other? Are they almost always understanding, usually understanding, often not understanding, or almost never understanding and tolerant of people speaking Spanish to each other?
Q47 47. Language understanding of others


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 ALMOST ALWAYS UNDERSTANDING 577 31.8 35.5 35.5
2 USUALLY UNDERSTANDING 571 31.5 35.2 70.8
3 OFTEN NOT UNDERSTANDING 352 19.4 21.7 92.4
4 ALMOST NEVER UNDERSTANDING 122 6.8 7.6 100.0
Total 1622 89.5 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 190 10.5

Total 1811 100.0





48. Been criticized for speaking Spanish?


As a Cuban-American have you yourself ever been criticized or given disparaging looks for speaking Spanish?
Q48 48. Been criticized for speaking Spanish?


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 566 31.3 32.0 32.0
2 NO 1205 66.5 68.0 100.0
Total 1771 97.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 40 2.2

Total 1811 100.0





49. How many Cubans have not tried to learn English


How many Cuban-Americans living in South Florida do you think there are who have never tried to learn English. Would you say there are many, some, only a few, or no Cubans here who have never tried to learn English?
Q49 49. How many Cubans have not tried to learn English


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 MANY 1015 56.0 59.8 59.8
2 SOME 360 19.9 21.2 81.0
3 ONLY A FEW 295 16.3 17.4 98.4
4 NONE 28 1.5 1.6 100.0
Total 1698 93.7 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 113 6.3

Total 1811 100.0





50. Speaking Spanish to get job


In general does the ability to speak Spanish make it easier or harder to get a job in South Florida, or doesn't it make any difference?
Q50 50. Speaking Spanish to get job


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 EASIER 1187 65.5 69.9 69.9
2 HARDER 308 17.0 18.2 88.1
3 NO DIFFERENCE 202 11.1 11.9 100.0
Total 1697 93.7 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 114 6.3

Total 1811 100.0





51. Spanish in school: immersion or bilingual


For children who start in school and do not know how to speak English, there are two approaches. Some think that those children should start with most of their classes in Spanish, and then shift to English only when they learn it. Others think those children should start right away with almost all their classes in English. Which do you think is better: start in Spanish or start in English?
Q51 51. Spanish in school: immersion or bilingual


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 START IN SPANISH 439 24.3 26.0 26.0
2 START IN ENGLISH 1250 69.0 74.0 100.0
Total 1689 93.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 122 6.7

Total 1811 100.0





Group $Q53  53. Why moved to Broward?
     (Value tabulated = 1)

                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases

SAFER                                    Q53_1         19      6.5     14.7
BETTER SCHOOLS                           Q53_2          9      3.0      6.7
BETTER COMMUTE/NEARER TO WORK            Q53_3         22      7.4     16.7
NICER PLACE TO LIVE                      Q53_4         48     16.2     36.5
ABLE TO LIVE NEAR FRIENDS                Q53_5          6      2.1      4.8
ABLE TO LIVE NEAR RELATIVES              Q53_6         41     13.9     31.4
ABLE TO LIVE NEAR OTHER CUBAN-AMERICANS  Q53_7          1       .3       .6
OTHER, SPECIFY                           Q53_8         19      6.4     14.3
DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE                 Q53_9        130     44.3    100.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses      294    100.0    225.8

1,681 missing cases;  130 valid cases




54. Gender


Now I have just a few questions for statistical purposes. We are almost done! [INTERVIEWER RECORD GENDER, ASK ONLY IF UNSURE]
Q54 54. Gender


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 MALE 880 48.6 48.6 48.6
2 FEMALE 931 51.4 51.4 100.0
Total 1811 100.0 100.0




55. Employed


How would you describe your present employment status? Are you employed full-time, part-time, temporarily out of work, retired, or something else?
Q55 55. Employed


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 EMPLOYED FULL-TIME 826 45.6 45.8 45.8
2 EMPLOYED PART-TIME 121 6.7 6.7 52.5
3 TEMP OUT OF WORK 159 8.8 8.8 61.3
4 RETIRED 430 23.7 23.8 85.1
5 HOMEMAKER 93 5.1 5.2 90.3
6 OTHER, SPECIFY 176 9.7 9.7 100.0
Total 1804 99.6 100.0
Missing 7 DON'T KNOW/NO RESPONSE 7 .4

Total 1811 100.0





57. Own your own business


Do you own your own business? [IF YES] What kind of business is it?
Q57 57. Own your own business


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, SPECIFY 188 10.4 18.5 18.5
2 NO 827 45.7 81.5 100.0
Total 1015 56.1 100.0
Missing System 796 43.9

Total 1811 100.0





58. Work for Cuban-owned enterprise


Do you work for a Cuban-owned enterprise? [IF YES] What kind of business is it?
Q58 58. Work for Cuban-owned enterprise


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES, SPECIFY 192 10.6 23.5 23.5
2 NO 627 34.6 76.5 100.0
Total 820 45.3 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 7 .4

System 984 54.3

Total 992 54.7

Total 1811 100.0





59. Active member of professional/civic organization


Are you an active member of a professional and/or civic organization?
Q59 59. Active member of professional/civic organization


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 229 12.6 12.7 12.7
2 NO 1579 87.2 87.3 100.0
Total 1808 99.8 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 3 .2

Total 1811 100.0





Group $Q60  60. Organization working on Cuba issues
     (Value tabulated = 1)

                                                             Pct of  Pct of
Dichotomy label                          Name       Count  Responses  Cases

VOLUNTEER                                Q60_1         38      2.1      2.1
PAY DUES                                 Q60_2          9       .5       .5
FUND RAISING                             Q60_3          6       .3       .3
OFFICER OR LEADER OF ORGANIZATION        Q60_4          2       .1       .1
OTHER, SPECIFY                           Q60_5         27      1.5      1.5
NOT A MEMBER                             Q60_6       1718     93.6     94.8
DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE                 Q60_7         36      2.0      2.0
                                                  -------    -----    -----
                                 Total responses     1836    100.0    101.3

0 missing cases;  1,811 valid cases




61. Belongs to labor union?


Do you belong to a labor union?
Q61 61. Belongs to labor union?


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 63 3.5 3.5 3.5
2 NO 1747 96.5 96.5 100.0
Total 1810 99.9 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 1 .1

Total 1811 100.0





63. Cuban neighborhood


Where you live, are most of your neighbors Cuban, is it mixed Cuban and non-Cuban, or are most of your neighbors not Cuban?
Q63 63. Cuban neighborhood


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 CUBAN 675 37.3 37.8 37.8
2 MIXED CUBAN AND NON-CUBAN 852 47.0 47.7 85.6
3 NOT CUBAN 258 14.2 14.4 100.0
Total 1785 98.5 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 27 1.5

Total 1811 100.0





64. Cuban co-workers


At your workplace, are most of your co-workers Cuban, is it mixed Cuban and non-Cuban, or are most of the workers not Cuban?
Q64 64. Cuban co-workers


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 CUBAN 231 12.7 24.8 24.8
2 MIXED CUBAN AND NON-CUBAN 531 29.3 57.0 81.7
3 NOT CUBAN 170 9.4 18.3 100.0
Total 932 51.4 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 15 .8

System 865 47.7

Total 880 48.6

Total 1811 100.0





65. Marital status


What is your marital status?
Q65 65. Marital status


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 MARRIED 1048 57.9 58.0 58.0
2 SINGLE 346 19.1 19.1 77.1
3 DIVORCED 226 12.5 12.5 89.6
4 WIDOWED 188 10.4 10.4 100.0
Total 1809 99.8 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 3 .2

Total 1811 100.0





66. Spouse Cuban


Is your spouse Cuban?
Q66 66. Spouse Cuban


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 826 45.6 78.8 78.8
2 NO 223 12.3 21.2 100.0
Total 1048 57.9 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 0 .0

System 763 42.1

Total 763 42.1

Total 1811 100.0





67. Education


What is the highest grade of school you have completed?
Q67 67. Education


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 GRADE SCHOOL (1-8) 216 11.9 12.0 12.0
2 SOME HIGH SCHOOL (9-11) 170 9.4 9.5 21.5
3 HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATE 416 23.0 23.2 44.6
4 SOME COLLEGE (INCLUDES ASSOCIATE DEGREE) 274 15.1 15.3 59.9
5 TECHNICAL OR VOCATIONAL SCHOOL 108 5.9 6.0 65.9
6 COLLEGE GRADUATE (FOUR YEAR DEGREE ONLY) 443 24.5 24.7 90.7
7 COMPLETED GRADUATE DEGREE (MA, PHD, MD) 168 9.3 9.3 100.0
Total 1794 99.0 100.0
Missing 8 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 17 1.0

Total 1811 100.0





69. U.S. citizen


Are you a U.S. citizen?
Q69 69. U.S. citizen


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 1231 68.0 68.0 68.0
2 NO 580 32.0 32.0 100.0
Total 1811 100.0 100.0




70. Registered to vote


Are you registered to vote?
Q70 70. Registered to vote


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 1113 61.4 90.4 90.4
2 NO 118 6.5 9.6 100.0
Total 1230 67.9 100.0
Missing 3 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 1 .0

System 580 32.0

Total 581 32.1

Total 1811 100.0





71. Republican, Democrat, or Independent


Are you registered as a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or with some other party?
Q71 71. Republican, Democrat, or Independent


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 REPUBLICAN 726 40.1 68.5 68.5
2 DEMOCRAT 187 10.3 17.6 86.1
3 INDEPENDENT 137 7.6 12.9 99.0
4 OTHER, SPECIFY 10 .6 1.0 100.0
Total 1060 58.5 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 53 2.9

System 699 38.6

Total 752 41.5

Total 1811 100.0





72. 2004 Presidential Election


Thinking ahead to this year's presidential election, will you definitely vote for George W. Bush, will you probably vote for him, are you undecided, will you probably not vote for George W.Bush, or will you definitely not vote for him?
Q72 2004 presidential election


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 definitely for Bush 526 29.0 47.7 47.7
2 probably for Bush 113 6.3 10.3 58.0
3 undecided 277 15.3 25.2 83.2
4 probably not for Bush 49 2.7 4.5 87.7
5 definitely not for Bush 136 7.5 12.3 100.0
Total 1102 60.8 100.0
Missing -1 did not respond 12 .6

6 not registered 118 6.5

7 not a US citizen 580 32.0

Total 710 39.2

Total 1811 100.0





73. Admin current policy toward Cuba


Over the past year has the Bush administration been doing a better job, about the same, or a worse job in dealing with Cuba than before?
Q73 73. Admin current policy toward Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 BETTER 483 26.7 31.1 31.1
2 ABOUT THE SAME 854 47.2 55.1 86.2
3 WORSE 214 11.8 13.8 100.0
Total 1551 85.6 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 260 14.4

Total 1811 100.0





74. Congressional delegation


There are four Cuban American Representatives in the U.S. Congress. On issues dealing with Cuba they all seem to be in agreement. How good a job are they doing in representing your views on Cuba policy in Washington? A very good job, a mostly good job, a mostly bad job, or a very bad job representing your views? [INTERVIEWER, READ NAMES ONLY IF ASKED. [Bob Menendez, Iliana Ros-Lehtinen, Lincoln Diaz-Balart and Mario Diaz Balart] IF RESPONSE IS MOSTLY OR VERY BAD, ASK: What is your reason for feeling this way?]
Q74 74. Congressional delegation


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 VERY GOOD JOB 627 34.6 41.5 41.5
2 MOSTLY GOOD JOB 662 36.6 43.8 85.3
3 MOSTLY BAD JOB (ASK WHY) 141 7.8 9.3 94.6
4 VERY BAD JOB (ASK WHY) 81 4.5 5.4 100.0
Total 1512 83.4 100.0
Missing 5 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 300 16.6

Total 1811 100.0





75. Ag trade with Cuba


Some U.S. companies have managed to establish limited business relations with Cuba to sell grain and other agricultural products. Should this kind of trade be expanded, kept the same or stopped
Q75 75. Ag trade with Cuba


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 EXPANDED 414 22.9 26.0 26.0
2 KEPT THE SAME 361 19.9 22.6 48.6
3 STOPPED 818 45.2 51.4 100.0
Total 1593 88.0 100.0
Missing 4 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 218 12.0

Total 1811 100.0





76. Race


What is your racial group - is it White, Black, Mulatto, Asian, or something else?
Q76 76. Race


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 WHITE 1675 92.5 93.6 93.6
2 BLACK 18 1.0 1.0 94.6
3 MULATTO 61 3.4 3.4 98.0
4 ASIAN 2 .1 .1 98.1
5 OTHER, SPECIFY 34 1.9 1.9 100.0
Total 1791 98.8 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 21 1.2

Total 1811 100.0





77. Total annual household income


Now, we don't want your exact income, but could you tell me if your total annual household income -- from all members of your household - before taxes is... [FOR EXAMPLE, IF RESPONDENT SAYS $30,000, CHOOSE 2 INSTEAD OF 3; $50,000, CHOOSE 3 INSTEAD OF 4]
Q77 77. Total annual household income


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 under $20,000? 470 25.9 31.2 31.2
2 $20,000 - $30,000? 276 15.2 18.3 49.6
3 $30,000 - $50,000? 279 15.4 18.6 68.1
4 $50,000 - $70,000? 184 10.2 12.2 80.4
5 more than $70,000? 295 16.3 19.6 100.0
Total 1504 83.0 100.0
Missing 6 DON'T KNOW / NO RESPONSE 307 17.0

Total 1811 100.0





78. Comments?


Do you have any comments you would like me to write down?
Q78 78. Comments?


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 424 23.4 23.4 23.4
2 NO 1388 76.6 76.6 100.0
Total 1811 100.0 100.0




79. Consent to be Contacted


As I said at the beginning, this interview is confidential. However, reporters and researchers sometimes want to call people who were interviewed to talk about their views. If this happens, would you be willing to let a reporter or researcher call you?
Q79 79. Consent to be Contacted


Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid 1 YES 815 45.0 45.0 45.0
2 NO 996 55.0 55.0 100.0
Total 1811 100.0 100.0