Quiz #2: The Counselor as a Person and as a Professional

1. Rhonda is a counselor at a drug and alcohol treatment center. She grew up in an alcoholic home and is not fully aware of the “unfinished business” she has with her parents. She is still angry and resentful with her parents for growing up in an alcoholic family system. It is most likely that Rhonda will:

a. be able to understand her addicted clients through her own childhood experiences.
b. examine her unresolved conflicts as she continues to work in the treatment center.
c. obstruct the progress of her clients as they attempt to move towards recovery.
d. feel comfortable with her clients because she is familiar with their behavior.

2. Professionals who are not at a high risk for burnout include:

a. Those who get most of their personal needs met through their social life outside of work.
b. Those who assume unreasonable responsibility for client outcomes.
c. Those who limit their work to one type of activity.
d. Those who work with very demanding clients.


3. Counselors who have unresolved personal conflicts:

a. need to recognize that their problems may interfere with their effectiveness and refrain from activities that would harm a client.
b. must resolve all their difficulties before counseling others.
c. are quite effective because they know how difficult it is to resolve problems.
d. need to repress anxiety-provoking issues in their own lives before becoming effective counselors.

4. _______________________ is the process whereby clients place past feelings or attitudes they had toward significant people in their lives onto their therapist.

a. Transference
b. Countertransference
c. Projection
d. Mirroring

5. Termination of the therapy process:

a. can be mandated by ethics codes alone.
b. is regulated by state law.
c. rests on the honesty and goodwill of the therapist.
d. must always be decided solely by the therapist.

6. Countertransference can be constructive in the therapeutic relationship when the therapist:

a. is overprotective with the client.
b. treats clients in benign ways.
c. recognizes transference patterns and can help the client change old dysfunctional themes.
d. over identifies with the client’s problems.

7. Joanne finds herself wanting to solve her client’s problems which are similar to the issues her daughter is going through. Joanne gives advice and feels frustrated when her client won’t follow through on her suggestions. Her emotional reactions to her client, which involve her own projections is based on:

a. transference.
b. nurturance.
c. countertransference
d. caretaking.

8. When counselors become overly concerned with meeting their own needs or pushing their own personal agendas, their behavior becomes:

a. annoying to the client.
b. unethical.
c. illegal.
d. narcissistic.

9. Sexual or romantic feelings toward a client:

a. is the result of seductive behavior on the part of the client and needs to be ignored.
b. is an indicator that the client needs to be referred to another counselor.
c. are unethical, counter therapeutic, and also illegal in many states.
d. does not necessarily mean that the counselor cannot effectively work with the client.
e. never occurs if the counselor is operating within the professional code of ethics.

10. Deutsch and Farber found surprisingly similar results in their surveys of therapists’ perceptions of stressful client behavior. In both studies therapists reported that the following clients’ behavior was most stressful for them:

a. aggression and hostility
b. suicidal statements
c. severely depressed clients
d. premature termination of therapy
e. agitated anxiety