Quiz #4: Multicultural Perspectives and Diversity Issues

1. The term minority group has come to refer to:

a. a sense of identity that stems from common ancestry, history, nationality, religion and race.
b. any relationship between two or more diverse groups.
c. any category of people who have been discriminated against or subjected to unequal treatment and oppression by society largely because of their group membership.
d. any pattern of behavior that denies access to opportunities or privileges to members of one racial group.

2. ___________________ counseling is any counseling relationship in which the counselors and the client belong to different cultural groups, hold different assumptions about social reality, and subscribes to different world views.

a. Culturally encapsulated
b. Diversity-sensitive
c. Multicultural
d. Transcultural

3. The culturally encapsulated counselor is characterized by:

a. defining reality according to the client’s reality.
b. showing sensitivity to cultural variations among individuals.
c. evaluating other viewpoints and making attempts to accommodate the behavior of others.
d. defining reality according to one set of cultural assumptions.

4. A cross-cultural counselor who perceives reality exclusively through the filters of his or her own life experiences is said to be culturally:

a. immersed
b. ignorant
c. encapsulated
d. biased

5. Statements such as “Minority groups need to take responsibility for their own predicament” and “In order to succeed, people need to stop complaining and start working” do not take into account of environmental factors. These are examples of:

a. stereotypical beliefs.
b. guiding principles for action.
c. cultural tolerance
d. challenging culture-bound values.

6. Frank is a Native American college student who is seeking information about his career choice from a male counselor. The counselor notices that he uses very little eye contact and needs to recognize that Frank:

a. lacks trust about the information he is receiving.
b. is unlikely to follow through with his suggestions.
c. is likely to view direct eye contact as a lack of respect.
d. would be more likely to have direct eye contact if the counselor were a female.

7. Marie is working with a lesbian client who is in a dysfunctional relationship with another woman. She is seeking counseling to sort out her options regarding leaving her emotionally abusive partner. Marie can assist her client by:

a. automatically attributing her client’s problems to her sexual orientation.
b. attempting to change the sexual orientation of her client.
c. supporting her client’s attempt to leave the abusive relationship, work on her abuse issues, and eventually enter into a positive lesbian relationship.
d. encouraging her client to realize how difficult it is to live in a lesbian relationship.

8. It is the authors’ position that counselors would not work well with diverse populations if they:

a. are open to being challenged and tested.
b. are flexible in applying theories to specific situations.
c. believe that they are free from any racist attitudes, beliefs, and or feelings.
d. are comfortable with differences that exist between themselves and their clients.

9. Denise is an Euro-American social worker who is a former welfare client. She had four children when she was divorced and succeeded in completing her degree and getting off the system in four years. She is now working in a work-to-welfare program and sets similar goals for her multicultural clients. Denise’s attitude and actions indicate that she:

a. believes in her client’s ability to achieve and they will live up to her expectations.
b. is well intentioned and willing to challenge her clients.
c. can serve as a model of what her clients can accomplish with their lives—if she could do it, so could her clients.
d. is operating out of the majority value system and presuming that her clients want the same goals.

10. According to the authors, the first step in the process of acquiring multicultural counseling skills in a training program should be that students:

a. take a self-exploratory class to help identify their cultural and ethnic blind spots.
b. open themselves to people in other cultures through reading and travel.
c. free themselves from all racist thoughts, actions and feelings.
d. have their value system conform with an “acceptable norm”.