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Focus on the Surface
of the Crust
Relative Frequency of Rock Classes
Study of Landforms
and External Geomorphic Processes
Question of Scale
Pursuit of Pattern
Common Rock-Forming Minerals
An Example of Scale
By the end
of this chapter you should be able to:
1.- List four
main types of erosion processes.
List in order the layers of the Earth, considering the Earth from
the atmosphere to the center.
3.- Give the
deepest penetration by humans into the Earth's crust is a drill core.
the igneous rocks which were deposited on the surface and then cooled.
5.- List our
attributes of a mineral.
rocks are the most common bedrock on the continents ; give the percent
they comprise of the continental surface.
7.- Name the
most widely distributed type of metamorphic rock.
Identify the viewpoint that past processes are the same as the present
ones which created our present land surface.
9.- Name the
inner segment of the Earth which is rigid, dense and solid and lies directly
beneath the Moho.
the name assigned to the banding characteristic of metamorphic rocks.
the name assigned to a limestone when it is subjected to metamorphism.
the relation between the formation of igneous rocks, and large crystal
the two chemical elements that are thought to comprise significant portions
of Earth's inner and outer cores.
the rock type which results from metamorphosed shale.
the sedimentary rock formed mechanically from fine silt and clay particles.
where the "plates" in plate tectonics are located.
the earliest Era in the Geologic time scale.
the thickest of Earth's interior layers.
the geologic period of which the Pleistocene is a part of.
the most recent Era on the Earth.
four igneous intrusive rocks.
the name given to crustal movements of various kinds in the Earth's crust.
the present estimate of the Earth's age.
the name sometimes given to the crust and upper mantle together.
the name referred to the altitudinal difference between the highest and
lowest points in an area.