Reading Assignment: Chapter 5
Energy from Fossil Fuels
(things you must do)
(what you learned)
The Changing Use of Energy
Fossil Fuels: Coal || Peat Resources || Petroleum || Natural Gas || The Persian Gulf War 1990-1991 || The United States Strategic Petroleum Reserve || Heavy Oils and Tar Sands || Coal Bed Methane || Oil Shale
Future Fossil Fuel Resources
Read Chapter five of your textbook
the map and reports on acid rain, atmospheric deposition and precipitation
chemistry of south
Click on this link <http://www.epa.gov/acidrain/> to learn more about acid rain.
Enhance you understanding of the effects of acid rain by view its effects on Washington, D.C.
here < http://www.ocrwm.doe.gov/ymp/index.shtml>
to read about the
By the end of this chapter you should be able to:
1.- Explain how the "Fossil Fuel Era" fits into human history.
2.- Discuss "swamp gas." How does it form?
3.- Briefly describe the conditions necessary for the accumulation and development of coal.
4.- Summarize the factors that determine whether coal will be mined by underground or open pit methods.
5.- Summarize the origin of Coal and relation to acid rain.
6.-List the principal environmental problems that arise from the use of coal as a major energy source.
7.-Describe the changes in the use of fossil fuels in time.
8.-Compare the utility of peat with coal as a fuel.
9.- Explain what is kerogen.
10.-Discuss the two mechanisms by which natural gas forms.
11.- Explain the processes involved in the formation of oil.
12.-List the major types of oil traps.
13.-Explain the differences between primary and secondary oil recovery of oil.
14.-Describe the general steps involved in the refining of oil.
15.- Explain the effects of the OPEC oil embargo of 1973 on subsequent oil usage and production.
16.- Describe the general steps involved in the refining of oil.
17.-Give an explanation of what the M. King Hubbert-type curves tell us about the future availability ofpetroleum reserves.
18.- Give the proportionofthe original oil in the rocks ofa trap are usually recoverable.
19.- Describe the way in which natural gas is brought from areas such as the Middle Eat to major markets in the industrialized nations.
20.- Name the kind of gas is the cause of many coal mine explosions.
21.-Describe oil shales, and how do they form?
List three factors that have controlled the development of the oil shale