Chapter 7: Abundant
Unit (Chapter) Plan:
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and Their Properties The Nature of Ore Deposits
the Backbone of Industry:
Minerals and Deposits Mining and Beneficiation
and Steel Smelting
and Steel Production
Reserves and Resources Manganese
and Recycling Automobiles Aluminum, The Metal of the 20th Century Aluminum
Products and Usage Aluminum Ores
Smelting and Production: Aspects of Bauxite Geology <http://www.world-aluminium.org/production/mining/geology.html>
Metals in the Future
here for a list of bullet points to help you learn the topics of this chapter.
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(things you must do):
Chapter seven of your textbook
some Iron Iron Ore Statistics <http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/iron_ore/stat/>
on this link <http://web.ulib.csuohio.edu/SpecColl/glihc/articles/carrhist.html>
to learn about to learn History of the Iron Ore Trade
the main features of major Iron Ores <http://www.scrapmetalworks.com/iron%20ores.htm>
to read about the Iron and its properties, compounds and natural occurrence
the comcept of Banded iron formation -BIF-(Alternating layers of iron-rich
and iron-poor rocks. Most rocks of this type are older than about 2 billion
years and indicate the presence of oxygen) <http://geology.about.com/library/bl/images/blbif.htm>
Review USGS Bauxite and Alumina Statistics and Information<http://minerals.er.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/bauxite/>
Review The Chemistry and Processing of Jamaican Bauxite as an example of
alumina explotation <http://wwwchem.uwimona.edu.jm:1104/lectures/bauxite.html>
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Acquired (what you learned):
By the end
of this chapter you should be able to:
Name the most abundant metallic element in the Earth's crust.
Summarize the origins and growth of the iron and steel industries.
Briefly describe the formation of banded iron formations.
Discuss the extraction and use of magnesium.
Discuss the development and distribution of manganese nodules.
Explain why iron is, as Kipling puts if, "master of the metals".
Describe alloys, their nature and composition.
Name two factors that determine whether a given metal-bearing deposit is
Explain the principal ore minerals of iron.
Discuss laterites. How do they form?
Discuss the formation of "bog-iron" deposits.
Name the types of deposits that are the most important sources of iron
Explain the aspects of the Precambrian climate that was important
in the formation of banded iron formations.
Explain the chemical process by which iron ore is converted to iron.
Explain What is steel?
Identify the principal use of manganese.
Identify the world's principal resources of manganese.
Explain the reason why the world's principal manganese resources have not
yet been mined on a large commercial scale.
Give the chemical composition of ruby and sapphire.
Give a detail description of bauxite.
List three Bauxite ores
Name the principal use of aluminum today.
Describe the geologic conditions under which bauxites form.
Explain why is aluminum considered to be an energy intensive metal.
State the importance of the recycling of aluminum.
Stae the principal use of titanium today.
Identify the metal that is extracted from rutile and ilmenite
Name the only metal extracted from brines and seawater
Identify metal that the electronic "chips" of modern computers are made
Identify the principal mineral from which silicon is extracted for metallurgical
List two major uses of metallic silicon.
Explain why aluminum is considered to be an energy intensive metal.
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