Week 8, 10/17-10/23:

Reading Assignment:  Chapter 7
 Chapter 7: Abundant Metals


Unit (Chapter) Plan:
(unit topics)
(things you must do)
Abilities Acquired
(what you learned)

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Contents (topics):

Metals and Their Properties The Nature of Ore Deposits
Iron, the Backbone of Industry:
Iron Minerals and Deposits Mining and Beneficiation
The Iron Ranges
Iron and Steel Smelting
Iron and Steel Production
Ore Reserves and Resources Manganese
Making and Recycling Automobiles Aluminum, The Metal of the 20th Century Aluminum Products and Usage Aluminum Ores
Aluminum Smelting and Production: Aspects of Bauxite Geology <http://www.world-aluminium.org/production/mining/geology.html>
Bauxite Reserves
Abundant Metals in the Future

Study Aid:Click here for a list of bullet points to help you learn the topics of this chapter.

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Activities (things you must do):
Read Chapter seven of your textbook
Review some Iron Iron Ore Statistics <http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/iron_ore/stat/>
Click on this link <http://web.ulib.csuohio.edu/SpecColl/glihc/articles/carrhist.html> to learn about to learn History of the Iron Ore Trade
Learn the main features of major Iron Ores <http://www.scrapmetalworks.com/iron%20ores.htm>
Click here <http://www.bartleby.com/65/ir/iron.html> to read about the Iron and its properties, compounds and natural occurrence
Review the comcept of Banded iron formation -BIF-(Alternating layers of iron-rich and iron-poor rocks. Most rocks of this type are older than about 2 billion years and indicate the presence of oxygen) <http://geology.about.com/library/bl/images/blbif.htm> <http://www2.bc.edu/~strother/GE_146/lectures/pics21/bif.html>
Review  USGS Bauxite and Alumina Statistics and Information<http://minerals.er.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/bauxite/>
Review The Chemistry and Processing of Jamaican Bauxite as an example of alumina explotation <http://wwwchem.uwimona.edu.jm:1104/lectures/bauxite.html>
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Abilities Acquired (what you learned):

By the end of this chapter you should be able to:
1.- Name the most abundant metallic element in the Earth's crust.
2.- Summarize the  origins and growth of the iron and steel industries.
3.- Briefly describe the formation of banded iron formations.
4.- Discuss the  extraction and use of magnesium.
5.- Discuss the development and distribution of manganese nodules.
6.- Explain why iron is, as Kipling puts if, "master of the metals".
7.- Describe alloys, their nature and composition.
8.- Name two factors that determine whether a given metal-bearing deposit is an "ore".
9.- Explain the principal ore minerals of iron.
10.- Discuss laterites. How do they form?
11.- Discuss the formation of "bog-iron" deposits.
12.- Name the types of deposits that are the most important sources of iron ore today.
13.- Explain the aspects of the Precambrian climate that was  important in the formation of banded iron formations.
14.- Explain the chemical process by which iron ore is converted to iron.
15.- Explain What is steel?
16.- Identify the principal use of manganese.
17.- Identify the world's principal resources of manganese.
18.- Explain the reason why the world's principal manganese resources have not yet been mined on a large commercial scale.
19.- Give the chemical composition of ruby and sapphire.
20.- Give a detail description of bauxite.
21.- List three Bauxite ores
22.- Name the principal use of aluminum today.
23.- Describe the geologic conditions under which bauxites form.
24 Explain why is aluminum considered to be an energy intensive metal.

25.- State the importance of the recycling of aluminum.
26.- Stae the principal use of titanium today.
27.- Identify the metal that is extracted from rutile and ilmenite
28.- Name the only metal extracted from brines and seawater
29.- Identify metal that the electronic "chips" of modern computers are made of.
30.- Identify the principal mineral from which silicon is extracted for metallurgical use.
31.- List two major uses of metallic silicon.
32.- Explain why aluminum is considered to be an energy intensive metal.
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