THE HISTORY OF LIFE

GLY-1101, Fall 2010
M, W, F, 1:00 - 1:50
Instructor: Professor Jose F. Longoria



LECTURE NOTES

Week 1:
Introduction, course setup, syllabus, organization, expectations.

Lecture Materials + ch 1: Introduction to Earth System History
 

Week 2:

The rock recordLecture Materials + ch 2: Earth Materials and Features, ch 6: Interpreting Sedimentary Environments and Global Change

Rocks and minerals

Sedimentary rocks and processes: Lithification

Types of sedimentary rocks

Modern and Ancient Sedimentary Environments: Environments of Life

Sedimentary structures

Facies: Walther's Law of Facies
 

 
Week 3: 9/6 University Closed, Labor day, No Classes;
Paleontology principles: Origin of life, fossilization: Lecture Materials + ch 4: Life on Earth and Its Fossil Record; ch 3: Geologic Time

Classification of life on earth

Species concept: Biological species concept; Paleontological species concept

Binominal classification

The organization of life

The Cell: cellular organization

Types of fossils

Geologic time: concept of time

Stratigraphy and correlation

Lithostratigraphy

Biostratigraphy

Tic-Tack-Toe of fossils

Stratigraphic sequences

The geologic time scale: Chronostratigraphy vs. geochronology

Geochronology

 

Week 4:

Biological Principles: Lecture Materials + ch 5: Biological Evolution

 Evidence of biological evolution: Darwinian Synthesis

 Natural selection

 Homologous and analogous structures

 Vestigial structures

 Selective breeding

Adaptation

 The work of Mendel: Alleles

 Variation and inheritance of traits

 Modern genetics: Genes, chromosome, and DNA

 Meiosis and Mitosis

 Mutations

 Speciation types

 Speciation processes: Cladogenesis and Anagenesis

 Cladograms

 Dollo's Law

 Evolutionary patterns: Convergent evolution; adaptive radiation

 Speciation rates: Phyletic gradualism, punctuated equilibrium

 Extinction: Mass Extinctions
 

 

 Week 5: Prof to attend Scientific Meeting- No Classes
 

 
Week 6:

 Geological Principles:  Lecture Materials + ch 7: Plate Tectonics in Earth History

Origins of plate tectonics: Continental drift, seafloor spreading; Alfred Wegener and Pangea

Plate boundaries

Lithosphere and Asthenosphere

Orogenesis: mountain building
 

Click here to view the Study Guide for Exam 1

 
Week 7:

Precambrian: Archean,

Lecture Materials + ch 8: Archean World

Proterozoic: Ediacara Fauna,

Lecture  Materials + ch 9:Proterozoic World
 

 
Week 8:

Lower Paleozoic: The Cambrian Revolution early Paleozoic life,

Lecture Materials + ch10: Paleozoic World
 

Week 9:

Middle Paleozoic

Lecture Materials + ch10: Paleozoic World
 

 

 Week 10:

Upper Paleozoic

Lecture Materials + ch10: Paleozoic World

 

Review for Exam 2, 10/25 Click here to view the Study Guide

EXAM 2: Wed, 10/27
 

 

 Week 11:

Lower Mesozoic: major events of life

Lecture Materials + ch 11: Mesozoic World
 

Week 12:
Upper Mesozoic lifeLecture Materials + ch 11: Mesozoic World
 

Week 13:

The Cenozoic - Paleogene:Recapitulatiion

Lecture Materials + ch 12: Cenozoic World

 The Mammals

 Week 14:

The Cenozoic – Neogene

Lecture Materials + ch 12: Cenozoic World

 Recap of  Cenozoic Events
 

Week 15:

Lecture Materials + ch 12: Cenozoic World

The Plants. INTERCONTINENTAL MIGRATIONS

Lecture Materials + ch 12: Cenozoic World

Hoofed Mammals  || Giant Land-Dwelling Mammals: Elephants  || Giant Aquatic Mammals: Whales

Lecture Materials + ch 12: Cenozoic World

Holocene || The Present: Evolution of Man

Lecture Materials + ch 12
 

Click here to view the Study Guide for Exam 3

 

 EXAM  3: Check the academic calendar for official date and time
http://www.fiu.edu/~register/academiccalendaranddeadlines.html

 


 
 
 
 View the Syllabus for this class