Most Destructive Known Earthquakes on Record in the World

Location Deaths
January 23, 1556 China, Shansi 830,000
October 11, 1737 India, Calcutta 300,000
August 9, 1138 Syria, Aleppo 230,000
May 22, 1927 China, near Xining 200,000
December 22, 856+ Iran, Damghan 200,000
December 16, 1920 China, Gansu 200,000
March 23, 893+ Iran, Ardabil 150,000
September 1, 1923 Japan, Kwanto 143,000
December 28, 1908 Italy, Messina 70,000
September, 1290 China, Chihli 100,000
November, 1667 Caucasia, Shemakha 80,000
November 18, 1727 Iran, Tabriz 77,000
November 1, 1755 Portugal, Lisbon 70,000
December 25, 1932 China, Gansu 70,000
May 31, 1970 Peru 66,000
1268 Asia Minor, Silicia 60,000
January 11, 1693 Italy, Sicily 60,000
May 30, 1935 Pakistan, Quetta 30,000
February 4, 1783 Italy, Calabria 50,000
June 20, 1990 Iran 50,000

(Source: The 1737 Calcutta Earthquake and Cyclone Evaluated by
Roger Bilham, BSSA, Vol. 84, No. 5, October 1994)
Data compiled from several sources.

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