The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Current membership of the College of Cardinals


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Living cardinals arranged in alphabetical order indicating their present post and, in parentheses, the date of their cardinalitial creation. The asterisk (*) denotes that the cardinal is older than 80 years and cannot partake in the papal election. As of September 5, 2014, there are 210 cardinals; 114 are electors and 96 are non-electors (*).

Abril y Castelló, Santos. Archpriest of the papal Liberian basilica and vice camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church (2012).

* Agnelo, Geraldo Majella. Archbishop emeritus of São Salvador da Bahia, Brazil (2001).

* Agustoni, Gilberto. Prefect emeritus of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature (1994).

Alencherry, George. Archbishop major of Ernakulam-Angamaly of the Syro Malabars, India (2012).

* Álvarez Martínez, Francisco. Archbishop emeritus of Toledo, Spain (2001).

Amato, S.D.B., Angelo. Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints (2010).

* Amigo Vallejo, Carlos. Archbishop emeritus of Sevilla, Spain (2003).

* Angelini, Fiorenzo. President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Health Workers (1991).

Antonelli, Ennio. President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Family (2003).

* Araújo, Serafim Fernandes de. Archbishop emeritus of Belo Horizonte, Brazil (1998).

* Arinze, Francis. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (1985).

* Arns, O.F.M., Paulo Evaristo. Archbishop emeritus of São Paulo, Brazil (1973).

Assis, Raymundo Damasceno. Archbishop of Aparecida, Brazil (2010).

Aviz, João Braz de. Prefect of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life (2012).

Bačkis, Audrys Juozas. Archbishop emeritus of Vilnius, Lithuania (2001).

Bagnasco, Angelo. Archbishop of Genoa, Italy (2007).

Baldisseri, Lorenzo. Secretary general of the Synod of Bishops (2014).

Barbarin, Philippe. Archbishop of Lyon, France (2003).

Bassetti, Gualtiero. Archbishop of Perugia-Città della Pieve, Italy (2014).

* Baum, William Wakefield. Penitentiary Major emeritus (1976).

* Becker, S.J., Karl Josef. (2012).

Bertello, Giuseppe. President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State and of the Governorate of Vatican City State (2012).

Bertone, S.D.B., Tarcisio. Secretary of State emeritus; Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church (2003).

Betori, Giuseppe. Archbishop of Florence, Italy (2012).

* Biffi, Giacomo. Archbishop emeritus of Bologna, Italy (1985).

Bozanić, Josip. Archbishop of Zagreb, Croatia (2003).

Brady, Seán Baptist. Archbishop emeritus of Armagh, Ireland (2007).

* Brandmüller, Walter. (2010).

Brenes Solórzano, Leopoldo José. Archbishop of Managua, Nicaragua (2014).

Burke, Raymond Leo. Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature and of the Court of Cassation (2010).

* Cacciavillan, Agostino. President emeritus of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See (2001).

Caffarra, Carlo. Archbishop of Bologna, Italy (2006).

Calcagno, Domenico. President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See (2012).

* Canestri, Giovanni. Archbishop emeritus of Genoa, Italy (1988).

Cañizares Llovera, Antonio. Archbishop of Valencia, Spain, prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacrament, archbishop emeritus of Toledo, Spain (2006).

* Capovilla, Loris Francesco. Former prelate of Loreto and pontifical delegate to the Shrine Lauretano (2014).

* Cassidy, Edward Idris. President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity (1991).

* Castrillón Hoyos, Darío. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Clergy; president of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei (1998).

* Cheong Jin-Suk, Nicholas. Archbishop emeritus of Seoul, South Korea; and Apostolic administrator ad nutum Sanctae Sedis, of P'yöng-yang, North Korea (2006).

Cipriani Thorne, Juan Luis. Archbishop of Lima, Perú (2001).

Coccopalmerio, Francesco. President of the Pontifical Council for the Legislative Texts (2012).

Collins, Thomas Christopher. Archbishop of Toronto, Canada (2012).

Comastri, Angelo. Archpriest of the papal basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican, vicar general of His Holiness for the State of Vatican City, and president of the Fabric of St. Peter's (2007).

* Connell, Desmond. Archbishop emeritus of Dublin, Ireland (2001).

* Coppa, Giovanni. (2007).

* Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo, Andrea. Archpriest emeritus of the papal basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura, Rome (2006).

* Cordes, Paul Josef. President emeritus of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum (2007).

* Cottier, O.P., Georges Marie Martin. (2003).

* Danneels, Godfried. Archbishop emeritus of Mechelen-Brussels, Belgium (1983).

Darmaatmadja, S.J., Julius Riyadi. Archbishop emeritus of Jakarta, Indonesia (1994).

* De Giorgi, Salvatore. Archbishop emeritus of Palermo, Italy (1998).

De Paolis, C.S., Velasio. President emeritus of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See (2010).

Dias, Ivan. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and grand chancellor emeritus of the Pontifical Urbanian University (2001).

DiNardo, Daniel Nicholas. Archbishop of Galveston-Houston, United States of America (2007).

Dolan, Timothy Michael. Archbishop of New York, United States of America (2012).

Duka, Dominik Jaroslav, O.P. Archbishop of Prague, Czech Republic (2012).

Dziwisz, Stanisław.. Archbishop of Kraków, Poland (2006).

* Egan, Edward Michael. Archbishop emeritus of New York, United States of America (2001).

Eijk, Willem Jacobus. Archbishop of Utrecht, Holland (2012).

Erdö, Péter. Archbishop of Esztergom-Budapest, Hungary (2003).

* Errázuriz Ossa, of the Institute of the Fathers of Schönstatt, Francisco Javier. Archbishop emeritus of Santiago, Chile (2001).

* Estepa Llaurens, José Manuel. General military vicar emeritus of Spain (2010).

* Etchegaray, Roger. Vice-dean of the College of Cardinals and president emeritus of the Pontifical Councils Iustitia et Pax and Cor Unum (1979).

Ezzatti Andrello, S.D.B., Ricardo. Archbishop of Santiago, Chile (2014).

* Falcão, José Freire. Archbishop emeritus of Brasília, Brazil (1988).

* Farina, S.D.B., Raffaele. Archivist and librarian emeritus of the Holy Roman Church (2007).

* Felix, Kelvin Edward. Archbishop emeritus of Castries, Saint Lucia (2014).

Filoni, Fernando. Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples (2012).

* Furno, Carlo. Archpriest emeritus of the papal Liberian basilica, Rome, and grand master emeritus of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (1994).

George, O.M.I., Francis Eugene. Archbishop emeritus of Chicago, United States of America (1998).

Gracias, Oswald. Archbishop of Bombay, India (2007).

* Grech, O.S.A., Prosper. (2012).

Grocholewski, Zenon. Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University (2001).

* Gulbinowicz, Henryk. Archbishop emeritus of Wroclaw, Poland (1985).

Harvey, James Michael. Archpriest of the papal basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura (2012).

* Herranz Casado, Julián. President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts and president emeritus of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia (2003).

* Hummes, O.F.M., Cláudio. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Clergy (2001).

* Husar, M.S.U., Lubomyr. Archbishop major emeritus of Kyiv and Halyć, Ukraine (2001).

* Jaworski, Marian. Archbishop emeritus of Lviv of the Latins, Ukraine (1998).

* Karlic, Estanislao Esteban. Archbishop emeritus of Paraná, Argentina (2007).

* Kasper, Walter. President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity (2001).

* Keeler, William Henry. Archbishop emeritus of Baltimore, United States of America (1994).

* Kitbunchu, Michael Michai. Archbishop emeritus of Bangkok, Thailand (1983).

* Korec, S.J., Ján Chryzostom. Bishop emeritus of Nitra, Slovakia (1991).

Koch, Kurt. President of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity (2010).

Kutwa, Jean-Pierre. Archbishop of Abidjan, Ivory Coast (2014).

Lacroix, of the Secular Institute Pius X, Gérald Cyprien. Archbishop of Québec, Canada (2014).

Lajolo, Giovanni. President emeritus of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City and president emeritus of the Governatorato of the same state (2007).

Langlois, Chibly. Bishop of Les Cayes, Haiti (2014).

* Law, Bernard Francis. Archbishop emeritus of Boston, United States of America; archpriest emeritus of the papal Liberian basilica, Rome (1985).

Lehmann, Karl. Bishop of Mainz, Germany (2001).

Levada, William Joseph. Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (2006).

López Rodríguez, Nicolás de Jesús. Archbishop of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (1991).

* Lozano Barragán, Javier. President emeritus of Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of the Health Care Workers (2003).

* McCarrick, Theodore Edgar. Archbishop emeritus of Washington, United States of America (2001).

* Macharski, Franciszek. Archbishop emeritus of Kraków, Poland (1979).

Mahony, Roger Michael. Archbishop emeritus of Los Angeles, United States of America (1991).

* Maida, Adam Joseph. Archbishop emeritus of Detroit, United States of America (1994).

Martínez Sistach Lluís. Archbishop of Barcelona, Spain (2007).

* Martínez Somalo, Eduardo. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life; Camerlengo emeritus of the Holy Roman Church (1988).

* Martino, Renato Raffaele. President emeritus of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax and president emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Migrants and Itinerants (2003).

Marx, Reinhard. Archbishop of Münich und Freising, Germany (2010).

* Medina Estévez, Jorge Arturo. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (1998).

* Meisner, Joachim. Archbishop emeritus of Cologne, Germany (1983).

* Mejía, Jorge María. Archivist and Librarian emeritus of the Holy Roman Church (2001).

Monsengwo Pasinya, Laurent. Archbishop of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (2010).

Monteiro de Castro, Manuel. Penitentiary major emeritus (2012).

* Monterisi, Francesco. Archpriest emeritus of the papal basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura (2010).

Müller, Gerhard Ludwig. Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, president of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, president of the Pontifical Biblical Commission, and president of the International Theological Commission (2014).

* Mureşan, Lucian. Archbishop major of Făgăras şi Alba Iulia of the Romanians, Romania (2012).

* Murphy-O'Connor, Cormac. Archbishop emeritus of Westminster, England (2001).

Naguib, Antonios. Patriarch emeritus of Alexandria of the Copts, Egypt (2010).

Napier, O.F.M., Wilfrid Fox. Archbishop of Durban, South Africa (2001).

* Nascimento, Alexandre do. Archbishop emeritus of Luanda, Angola (1983).

Nichols, Vincent. Archbishop of Westminster, England (2014).

Nicora, Attilio. President emeritus of the Financial Information Authority; President emeritus of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See and Pontifical legate for the basilicas of San Francesco and of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Assisi (2003).

Njue, John. Archbishop of Nairobi, Kenya (2007).

Nycz, Kazimierz. Archbishop of Warsaw, Poland (2010).

* Obando Bravo, S.D.B., Miguel. Archbishop emeritus of Managua, Nicaragua (1985).

O'Brien, Edwin Frederick. Grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (2012).

O'Brien, Keith Michael Patrick. Archbishop emeritus of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh, Scotland (2003).

Okogie, Anthony Olubunmi. Archbishop emeritus of Lahos, Nigeria (2003).

O'Malley, O.F.M.Cap., Seán Patrick. Archbishop of Boston, United States of America (2006).

Onaiyekan, John Olorunfemi. Archbishop of Abuja, Nigeria (2012).

Ortega y Alamino, Jaime Lucas. Archbishop of San Cristóbal de La Habana, Cuba (1994).

Ouédraogo, Philippe Nakellentuba. Archbishop of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso (2014).

Ouellet, P.S.S., Marc. Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops and president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America (2003).

* Panafieu, Bernard. Archbishop emeritus of Marseille, France (2003).

Parolin, Pietro. Secretary of State (2014).

* Paskai, O.F.M., László. Archbishop emeritus of Ezstergom-Budapest, Hungary (1988).

Patabendige Don, Albert Malcolm Ranjith. Archbishop of Colombo, Sri Lanka (2010).

Pell, George. Prefect of the Secretariat for the Economy. Archbishop emeritus of Sydney, Australia (2003).

Pengo, Polycarp. Archbishop of Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania (1998).

* Pham Minh Mân, Jean-Baptiste. Archbishop emeritus of Thàn-Phô Hô Chi Minh (Hôchiminh Ville), Việt Nam (2003).

Piacenza, Mauro. Penitentiary Major (2010).

* Piovanelli, Silvano. Archbishop emeritus of Florence, Italy (1985).

* Poletto, Severino. Archbishop emeritus of Turin, Italy (2001).

Poli, Mario Aurelio. Archbishop of Buenos Aires, primate of Argentina (2014).

* Poupard, Paul. President emeritus of Pontifical Council for Culture (1985).

* Pujats, Jānis. Archbishop emeritus of Riga, Latvia (1998).

Puljić, Vinko. Archbishop of Vrhbosna, Bosnia-Herzegovina (1994).

Quevedo, O.M.I., Orlando Beltran. Archbishop of Cotabato, Philippines (2014).

Raï, O.M.M., Béchara Boutros. Patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites, Lebanon (2012).

Ravasi, Gianfranco. President of the Pontifical Council for Culture and of the Pontifical Commissions for the Patrimony of the Church and of Sacred Archeology (2010).

* Re, Giovanni Battista. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Bishops and president emeritus of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America (2001).

Ricard, Jean-Pierre. Archbishop of Bordeaux, France (2006).

Rigali, Justin Francis. Archbishop emeritus of Philadelphia, United States of America (2003).

Rivera Carrera, Norberto. . Archbishop of México City, México (1998).

Robles Ortega, Francisco. Archbishop of Guadalajara, México (2007).

* Rodé, C.M., Franc. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life (2006).

Rodríguez Maradiaga, S.D.B., Óscar Andrés. Archbishop of Tegucigalpa, Honduras (2001).

Romeo, Paolo. Archbishop of Palermo, Italy (2010).

* Rosales, Gaudencio Borbon. Archbishop emeritus of Manila, Philippines (2006).

Rouco Varela, Antonio María. Archbishop emeritus of Madrid, Spain (1998).

* Rubiano Sáenz, Pedro. Archbishop emeritus of Bogotá, Colombia (2001).

* Ruini, Camillo. Vicar General emeritus of His Holiness for the diocese of Rome; archpriest emeritus of the papal basilica of S. Giovanni in Laterano; grand chancellor emeritus of the Pontifical Lateran University; and president emeritus of the Peregrinatio ad Petri Sedem (1991).

Ryłko, Stanisław. President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity (2007).

Salazar Gómez, Rubén. Archbishop of Bogotá, Colombia (2012).

* Sandoval Íñiguez, Juan. Archbishop emeritus of Guadalajara, México (1994).

Sandri, Leonardo. Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches (2007).

* Santos, O.F.M., Alexandre José María dos. Archbishop emeritus of Maputo, Moçambique (1988).

Sarah, Robert. President of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum (2010).

* Saraiva Martins, C.M.F., José. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints (2001).

* Sardi, Paolo. Patron of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (2010).

Sarr, Théodore-Adrien. Archbishop of Dakar, Sénégal (2007).

* Scheid, S.C.I., Eusébio Oscar. Archbishop emeritus of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2003).

Scherer, Odilo Pedro. Archbishop of São Paulo, Brazil (2007).

Schönborn, O.P., Christoph. Archbishop of Vienna, Austria (1998).

* Schwery, Henri. Bishop emeritus of Sion, Switzerland (1991).

Scola, Angelo. Archbishop of Milan, Italy (2003).

* Sebastián Aguilar, C.M.F., Fernando. Archbishop emeritus of Pamplona and Tudela, Spain (2014).

* Sebastiani, Sergio. President emeritus of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See (2001).

Sepe, Crescenzio. Archbishop of Naples, Italy (2001).

* Sfeir, Nasrallah Pierre. Patriarch emeritus of Antioch of the Maronites, Lebanon (1994).

* Sgreccia, Elio. President emeritus of the Pontifical Academy for Life (2010).

* Silvestrini, Achille. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches; grand chancellor emeritus of the Pontifical Oriental Institute (1988).

* Simonis, Adrianus Johannes. Archbishop emeritus of Utrecht, Holland (1985).

* Sodano, Angelo. Dean of the College of Cardinals and secretary of State emeritus (1991).

* Stafford, James Francis. Major Penitentiary emeritus (1998).

Stella, Beniamino. Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy (2014).

Tagle, Luis Antonio Gokim. Archbishop of Manila, Philippines (2012).

Tauran, Jean-Louis. President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialog (2003).

Tempesta, O. Cist., Orani João. Archbishop of São Sebastião de Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2014).

Terrazas Sandoval, C.SS.R., Julio. Archbishop emeritus of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia (2001).

* Tettamanzi, Dionigi. Archbishop emeritus of Milan, Italy (1998).

Thottunkal, Baselios Cleemis. Archbishop major of Trivandrum of the Syro Malankars, India (2012).

* Tomko, Jozef. Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Evangelization of the Peoples, president emeritus of the Pontifical Committee for the International Eucharistic Congresses (1985).

Tong Hon, John. Bishop of Hong Kong (Xianggang), Popular Republic of China (2012).

Toppo, Telesphore Placidus. Archbishop of Ranchi, India (2003).

* Tucci, S.J., Roberto. (2001).

* Tumi, Christian Wiyghan. Archbishop emeritus of Douala, Cameroon (1988).

Turcotte, Jean-Claude. . Archbishop emeritus of Montréal, Canada (1994).

Turkson, Peter Kodwo Appiah. President of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax (2003).

Urosa Savino, Jorge Liberato. Archbishop of Caracas, Venezuela (2006).

Vallini, Agostino. Vicar General of His Holiness for the Diocese of Rome; archpriest of the papal Lateran Basilica; grand chancellor of the Pontifical Lateran University (2006).

* Vanhoye, S.J., Albert. (2006).

Vegliò, Antonio Maria. President of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant Peoples (2012).

* Vela Chiriboga, Raúl Eduardo. Archbishop emeritus of Quito, Ecuador (2010).

Versaldi, Giuseppe. President of the prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See (2012).

* Vidal, Ricardo Jamin. Archbishop emeritus of Cebu, Philippines (1985).

Vingt-Trois, André. Archbishop of Paris, France (2007).

* Vlk, Miloslav. Archbishop emeritus of Prague, Czech Republic (1994).

* Wamala, Emmanuel. Archbishop emeritus of Kampala, Uganda (1994).

* Wetter, Friedrich. Archbishop emeritus of Münich und Freising, Germany (1985).

* Williams, Thomas Stafford. Archbishop emeritus of Wellington, New Zealand (1983).

Woelki, Ranier Maria. Archbishop of Cologne, Germany (2012).

Wuerl, Donald William Archbishop of Washington, United States of America (2010).

Yeom Soo Jung, Andrew. Archbishop of Seoul, South Korea (2014).

* Zen Ze-Kiun, S.D.B., Joseph. Bishop emeritus of Hong Kong (Xianggang), Popular Republic of China (2006).

Zubeir Wako, Gabriel. Archbishop of Khartoum, Sudan (2003).

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