The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
(1903-2013)

C

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CACCIAVILLAN, Agostino
(1926-

Birth. August 14, 1926, Novale di Valdagno, diocese of Vicenza, Italy.

Education. Seminary of Vicenza, Vicenza; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (licentiate in social sciences); State University, Rome (doctorate in jurisprudence); Pontifical Lateran University, Rome (doctorate in canon law); Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome (diplomacy).

Priesthood. Ordained, June 26, 1949. Vicar cooperator, Santa Maria in Colle, Bassano del Grapa. Further studies and pastoral ministry, Rome 1957-1959.Worked for a few months at the Secretariat of State. Secretary of the nunciature in the Philippines, 1960-1964; of the nunciature in Spain, 1964-1968; of the nunciature in Lisbon, 1968. From 1969 to 1974, worked in the Secretariat of State, where he also was head of the Office of Information and Documentation. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, August 26, 1973.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Amiterno and appointed pro-nuncio in Kenya and apostolic delegate in the Seychelles, January 17, 1976. Consecrated, February 28, 1976, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Jean Villot, secretary of State, assisted by Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, archbishop emeritus of Bangalore, secretary of the S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples, and by Carlo Fanton, titular bishop of Bennefa, auxiliary of Vicenza. His episcopal motto is In virtute Dei. In Kenya was also permanent observer before the organs of the United Nations Organization for the Environment and the Habitat, 1976-1981. Pro-nuncio in India, May 9, 1981. First pro-nuncio in Nepal, April 30, 1985. Pro-nuncio in the United States of America, permanent observer before the Organization of American States (O.A.S.), and representative of the Holy See before the World Association of Jurists, June 13, 1990. President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See, November 5, 1998. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Ss. Angeli Custodi a Città Giardino, February 21, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Resigned the presidency, October 1, 2002. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, August 14, 2006. Confirmed by Pope Benedict XVI in the office of cardinal protodeacon in the consistory of March 1, 2008. Opted for the order of cardinal priests in the consistory of February 21, 2011 and at his request his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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CANESTRI, Giovanni
(1918-

Birth. September 30, 1918, Castelspina, diocese of Alessandria, Italy. His brother, Carlo, was the vicar general of the diocese of Alessandria.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Alessandria from 1929 (secondary studies); at the Pontifical Major Roman Seminary, Rome; at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he obtained a licenciate in theology; and a doctorate in canon law; and at the Rome State University, where he earned a doctorate in law.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 12, 1941, Rome, by Luigi Traglia, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, vice-gerent of Rome; in the same ceremony was ordained Salvatore Pappalardo, future cardinal. Pastoral ministry in the parishes of S. Ottavio and Casal Bertone, and further studies, Rome, 1941-1959. Professor of religion in several Roman superior institutes. Spiritual director of the Pontifical Roman Major Seminary, 1959-1961; apostolic examiner of clergy.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tenedo and appointed auxiliary of the cardinal vicar of Rome, July 8, 1961. Consecrated, July 30, 1961, Rome, by Cardinal Luigi Traglia, pro-vicar general of His Holiness for the diocese of Rome, assisted by Ettore Cunial, titular archbishop of Soteropoli, vice-gerent of Rome, and by Peter Canisius van Lierde, O.S.A. titular bishop of Porfireone, papal sacristan and vicar general of His Holiness for Vatican City. Transferred to the see of Tortona, January 7, 1971. Transferred to the titular see of Monterano, with personal title of archbishop, and appointed vicegerent of Rome, February 8, 1975. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Cagliari, March 22, 1984. Transferred to metropolitan see of Genoa, July 6, 1987.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the title of S. Andrea della Valle, June 28, 1988. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, April 20, 1995. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, September 30, 1998.

Bibliography. Alberti, O. "Mons. Giovanni Canestri" in La Pontificia Università Lateranense; profilo della sua storia, dei suoi maestri e dei suis discepoli, Rome : Libreria editrice della Pontificia Università lateranense, 1963, p. 510; Del Re, Niccolò. Il vicegerente del vicariato di Roma. Rome : Istituto di Studi Romani Editore, 1976, p. 79.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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CARLES GORDÓ, Ricardo María
(1926-2013)

Birth. September 24, 1926, Valencia, archdiocese of Valencia, Spain. Of a family from the bourgeoisie. Son of Fermín Carles, a lawyer, and Josefina Gordó. He had an older brother. His first name is also listed as Ricard.

Education. Initial studies at the Teresian school in Valencia; then, he completed his secondary education at the Jesuit Colegio de San José, also in Valencia; after a period of discernment, he entered the Major Seminary of Valencia, where he was a pupil at Colegio "Corpus Christi" (also called of the Patriarch); and finally, he studied at the Pontifical University of Salamanca, where he obtained a licenciate in canon law in 1953.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1951, Valencia. Further studies in Rome from 1951 to 1953. Successively, 1953-1969, pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Valencia, including parish priest and archpriest of Sant Pere, Tavernes de la Valldigna, between 1953 and 1967; and rector of the parish of San Fernando in Valencia (1967); counselor of the Juventud Obrera Católica, JOC (Catholic Youth Workers); director of the boarding-school for deacons; episcopal delegate for the clergy; and diocesan counselor for the pastoral for the family. He founded the church of Sant Josep and promoted what later became the Centre Excursionista de Tavernes de la Valldigna. In 1969, he was proclaimed "Hijo Adoptivo" (Adoptive Son) of Tavernes de la Valldigna.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Tortosa, June 6, 1969. Consecrated, August 3, 1969, cathedral of Tortosa, by Luigi Dadaglio, titular archbishop of Lero, nuncio in Spain, assisted by Manuel Moll y Salord, titular bishop of Urbs Salvia, former bishop of Tortosa, and by Rafael González Moralejo, titular bishop of Dardano, auxiliary of Valencia. His episcopal motto was Ut omnes unum sint. He made the solemn entrance in his see on the same day of his episcopal consecration. He convoked and promoted a the first post-conciliar diocesan synod. President of the commission for seminaries and universities of the Spanish Episcopal Conference. Promoted to the archiepiscopal see of Barcelona, March 23, 1990. He took possession of the see the following May 27. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. In Barcelona, he established presbyterial and pastoral diocesan councils. He reorganized the vast archdiocese into four episcopal zones entrusted to five auxiliary bishops, who were appointed after his arrival in the archdiocese of Barcelona.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 26, 1994; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria Consolatrice al Tiburtino, November 26, 1994. Named member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See on November 6, 1995. Vice-president of the Spanish Episcopal Conference from 1999 until 2002. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese on June 15, 2004. On that same day, the archiepiscopal see of Barcelona was elevated to the rank of metropolitan see. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old on September 24, 2006.

Death. December 17, 2013, in the morning, from complications following a stroke he had suffered on the previous November 25 while in hospital, after being treated for an epileptic crisis three days earlierearly, in the Hospital Santa Cruz, Tortosa (Tarragona). Upon learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Francis prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent Cardinal Lluis Martinez Sistach, archbishop of Barcelona, a telegram of condolence (1).The funeral mass, presided by Cardinal Lluís Martínez Sistach, archbishop of Barcelona, took place in the metropolitan cathedral of that city on Thursday December 19 at 11 a.m. Later, the body of the late cardinal was taken to the metropolitan cathedral of Valencia, where another funeral mass was concelebrated by Cardinal Martínez Sistach; Carlos Osoro Sierra, archbishop of Valencia; Cardinal Carlos Amigo Vallejo, O.F.M., archbishop emeritus of Sevilla; and eight other bishops. Afther the, body of the late cardinal was taken to the Basilica de la Virgen de los Desamparados of Valencia, where he was buried according to his wish (2).

Bibliography. Echeverría, Lamberto de. Episcopologio español contemporáneo, 1868-1985 : datos biográficos y genealogía espiritual de los 585 obispos nacidos o consagrados en España entre el 1 de enero de 1868 y el 31 de diciembre de 1985 . Salamanca : Universidad de Salamanca, 1986. (Acta Salmanticensia; Derecho; 45), p. 131.

Links. His photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; his photograph, arms and biography, in French, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; photograph and biography, in Catalonian, archdiocese of Barcelona; Fallece el Cardenal Ricardo María Carles, arzobispo eméeito de Barcelona, Revista Ecclesia, 17 diciembre, 2013; Fallece a los 87 años el cardenal valenciano Ricard María Carles, que fue arcipreste de Tavernes de la Valldigna, Media Servicio Safor, 17 diciembre 2013; Las banderas del Ayuntamiento de Tavernes de la Valldigna ondean a media asta por el fallecimiento del cardenal Carles, Media Servicio Safor, 17 diciembre 2013; El cardenal Ricard Maria Carles ya descansa en la Basílica de la Mare de Déu, Media Servicio Safor, 0/12/2013.

(1) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Bulletin of the Press Office of the Holy See:

SEÑOR CARDENAL LLUÍS MARTÍNEZ SISTACH
ARZOBISPO DE BARCELONA
AL HABER SIDO INFORMADO DE LA TRISTE NOTICIA DEL FALLECIMIENTO DEL AMADÍSIMO CARDENAL RICARDO MARÍA CARLES GORDÓ, ARZOBISPO EMÉRITO DE BARCELONA, OFREZCO FERVIENTES SUFRAGIOS POR EL ETERNO DESCANSO DE QUIEN EJERCIÓ CON DILIGENTE SOLICITUD APOSTÓLICA EL MINISTERIO EPISCOPAL, PRIMERO COMO OBISPO DE TORTOSA Y DESPUÉS AL FRENTE DE ESA QUERIDA ARCHIDIÓCESIS DE BARCELONA, ENTREGÁNDOSE CONSTANTEMENTE AL QUEHACER EVANGELIZADOR CON SABIDURÍA Y GENEROSIDAD E IMPULSANDO INFATIGABLEMENTE NUMEROSAS INICIATIVAS PASTORALES, CON GRAN CERCANÍA A LOS SACERDOTES, A LA VIDA CONSAGRADA Y A LOS SEMINARISTAS, A QUIENES DEDICÓ UNA ESPECIAL ATENCIÓN.
AL EVOCAR LOS GRANDES SERVICIOS PRESTADOS POR ÉL A LA IGLESIA, DESEO MANIFESTAR MI MÁS SENTIDO PÉSAME A VUESTRA EMINENCIA, A SU OBISPO AUXILIAR, AL PRESBITERIO, COMUNIDADES RELIGIOSAS Y FIELES DE ESA IGLESIA PARTICULAR, ASÍ COMO A QUIENES GOZARON DE LA AMISTAD Y CERCANÍA DEL DIFUNTO PURPURADO Y, ROGÁNDOLE QUE TENGA LA BONDAD DE TRANSMITIR TAMBIÉN ESTOS MISMOS SENTIMIENTOS A LOS FAMILIARES DEL RECORDADO CARDENAL, OTORGO DE CORAZÓN A TODOS LA CONFORTADORA BENDICIÓN APOSTÓLICA, COMO SIGNO DE ESPERANZA EN CRISTO RESUCITADO.

FRANCISCUS PP.

Analogous telegram was sent by Pietro Parolin, titular archbishop of Acquapendente, secretary of State.

(2) This is the text of the inscription on his tomb, taken from the site of the archdiocese of Valencia, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

EXCMO. Y REVMO.
RICARDO MARMA CARLES Y GORDÓ
CARDENAL PRESBÍTERO DE LA S. IGLESIA ROMANA
DEL TMTULO DE SANTA MARÍA DE LA CONSOLACIÓN
ARZOBISPO EMÉRITO DE BARCELONA.
NACIÓ EL 24 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1926
EN VALENCIA.
DESCANSÓ EN EL SEÑOR EL 17 DE DICIEMBRE DE 2013
EN TORTOSA.
"VIVO LO QUE HE CREÍDO".
IN PACE


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CASSIDY, Edward Idris
(1924-

Birth. July 5, 1924, Sydney, Australia. Son of Harold George Cassidy and Dorothy May Phillips. Neither parent was a Catholic. He had a younger brother, Douglas. The mother left the father in 1926, shortly after the birth of Douglas, and entered into a de facto union with Thomas Henry Lenson; she took Douglas with her. They had four children and married on December 24, 1942. Edward was placed in the care of his paternal grandparents, Edward and Mary Jane Cassidy ("Nana"). He was baptized in the Church of England; his grandmother had him received into the Roman Catholic Church, and, as it was the custom then, he was baptized again in St. John Baptist Church in Gulgong, when he was three or four years old.

Education. Initial studies at St. Patrick's Convent School, Bondi, until 1931; the family moved to Punchbowl, where there was no Catholic school, and he attended Punchbowl Public School; he made his first communion prepared by the sisters from Bankstown; in 1935, they moved to West Bankstown and he completed his primary education at Bankstown Central Public School in 1936; from a very young age he began to think of the priesthood with no one's influence; then, he was admitted to Parramatta High School; at that time a priest from St. Felix's parish discouraged him from becoming a priest because he had not finished his secondary education, had not studied in Catholic schools and his family background was definitively "unsuitable"; because of financial difficulties after his grandfather died in 1939, he worked at the New South Wales Department of Road Transport as a junior clerk, having to stop his schooling; in 1942, he went directly to Archbishop Norman Thomas Gilroy of Sydney to present his case for entering the priesthood; the archbishop agreed and he entered St. Columba's College (seminary), Springwood, in February 1943 (philosophy); then, after a year, he went to St. Patrick's College, Manly; he received the subdiaconate in 1949. Later, he studied at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in canon law, in July 1955 (dissertation on the history and juridical nature of the apostolic delegations); and at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, also in Rome, from October 1953, where he obtained a diploma in diplomatic studies.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 23, 1949, at the metropolitan cathedral of St. Mary, Sydney, by Cardinal Norman Thomas Gilroy, archbishop of Sydney. Father Edward Bede Clancy, future cardinal, was ordained at the same time. They became and remained good friends through the years. He celebrated his first mass in St. Brigid's Church, in Cogee, where his grandmother had been buried. He volunteered to transfer to the diocese of Wagga Wagga after the priestly ordination. In January 1950, he wa assigned to the small parish of Yenda. In 1952, Bishop Francis Henschke of Wagga Wagga, asked him if he would like to go to Rome to study canon law; he agreed and left for Rome on September 1, 1952; while studying in Rome, he resided at Collegio Sant'Apollinare, next to Piazza Navona. After finishing his studies, he joined the Vatican diplomatic service in July 1955. Attaché of the internunciature in India from August 1955-October 1962. Privy chamberlain supernumerary of His Holiness, July 3, 1956; confirmed by the new Pope Paul VI, June 21, 1963. Auditor of the nunciature in Ireland, October 1962 to June 1967. Counselor of apostolic delegation in the United States of America, June 1967; at the same time, the nuncio in Ireland, Archbishop Giuseppe Sensi, was transferred to the nunciature in Portugal; Monsignor Cassidy had to stay in Dublin until the following November and instead, he was named counselor of the nunciature in El Salvador, where he remained until the end of 1969. Counselor of the nunciature in Argentina from Christmas 1969 until his promotion to the episcopate in 1970.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Amanzia and appointed pro-nuncio in the Republic of China (Taiwan), October 27, 1970. Consecrated, November 15, 1970, chapel of the Pontifical Urban Athenaeum of Propaganda Fide, Rome, by Cardinal Jean Villot, secretary of State, assisted by Giovanni Benelli, titular archbishop of Tusuro, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Matthew Beovich, archbishop of Adelaide, representing Sergio Pignedoli, titular archbishop of Iconio, secretary of S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples. Pro-nuncio in Bangladesh, January 31, 1973. His episcopal motto is Fortitudo mea Dominus. Apostolic delegate in South Africa and pro-nuncio in Lesotho, March 25, 1979. Pro-nuncio in Holland, November 6, 1984. Substitute of the secretariat of State for General Affairs, March 23, 1988. President of the Pontifical Council for Promotion of Christian Unity, December 12, 1989. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata, June 28, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; Special Assembly for Lebanon of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 26 to December 14, 1995. Special papal envoy to the celebrations at the Marian Shrine of Zarvanycia, Ukraine, for the 4th centenary of Union of Brest and the 350th anniversary of the Union of Uzhorod, May 19, 1996. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997; Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998; Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998; one of its three presidents delegate. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Special papal envoy to the celebrations marking the millennium of Christianity in Iceland, Reykjavík, June 1 to 2, 2000. Resigned the presidency of the council, March 3, 2001. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title, February 26, 2002. Special papal envoy to the ceremony for the reopening of the cathedral of St. Patrick, Parramatta, Australia, on November 29, 2003. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, July 5, 2004. Retired to Warabrook, NSW, Australia.

Bibliography. Cassidy, Edward Idris. My years in Vatican service. New York : Paulist Press, 2009.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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CASTRILLÓN HOYOS, Darío
(1929-

Birth. July 4, 1929, Medellín, Colombia.

Education. He studied at the Seminary of Antioquia, Medellín; then, at the Seminary of Santa Rosa de Osos, Santa Rosa de Osos; later, at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in canon law and specialization in religious sociology, political economics and ethical economics; and finally, at the Sociological Faculty, University of Louvain, Louvain, Belgium. He speaks eight languages.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 26, 1952, basilica of Ss. XII Apostoli, Rome, by Alfonso Carinci, titular archbishop of Seleucia di Isauria, secretary fo the S.C. of Rites. Further studies, Rome. Successively, in Colombia, 1954-1971, pastoral ministry in Segovia de Yarumal; director of Cursillos; director of the national pastoral program and of the Legion of Mary; official, diocesan curia of Santa Rosa de Osos; director of radiophonic schools; diocesan delegate of the Catholic Action (1959); ecclesiastical assistant of the Catholic Workers Youth; diocesan director of catechetics; inspector of the diocesan office of Popular Cultural Action (1962); secretary general of the Colombian episcopate.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Villa del re and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession, of Pereira, June 2, 1971. Consecrated, July 18, 1971, by Angelo Palmas, titular archbishop of Vibiana, nuncio in Colombia, assisted by Aníbal Muñoz Duque, titular archbishop of Cariana, coadjutor of Bogotá, and by Baltasar Alvarez Restrepo, bishop of Pereira. His episcopal motto is Christus in vobis spes gloriae. Succeeded to the see of Pereira, July 1, 1976. Secretary general of the Latin American Episcopal Council, 1983-1987; its president, 1987-1991. He survived an assassination attempt in 1984, when Colombian President Belisario Betancur asked him to lead a peace commission to obtain an agreement with guerrilla groups. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; the IV General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Bucaramanga, December 16, 1992. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Pro-prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy, June 15, 1996. Resigned the pastoral government of archdiocese, June 15, 1996. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997; one of the three presidents-delegate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 1998; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Ss. Nome di Maria al Foro Traiano, February 21, 1998. Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy, February 23, 1998. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29-May 14, 1998. Papal envoy to the signing of the Global and Definitive Agreement between Perú and Ecuador to settle their border dispute, Brasília, October 26, 1998. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998; the Special Assembly for Oceania of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998; the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the twelfth centennial of the construction of the duomo of Aachen, Germany, January 29 to 30, 2000. President of the Pontifical Commission "Ecclesia Dei", April 13, 2000. Special papal envoy to the closing celebrations of the Chilean National Eucharistic Congress and to the dedication of the new cathedral of the diocese of San Bernardo, Chile, November 25 and 26, 2000, respectively. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Reappointed prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy and president of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, April 21, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Resigned the prefecture of the Congregation for the Clergy, October 31, 2006. Confirmed by Pope Benedict XVI as cardinal protodeacon on January 2, 2007; and again in the consistory of February 23, 2007; occupied the post until March 1, 2008. Participated in the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title, March 1, 2008. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when he turned eighty years old on July 4, 2009. Ended his service as president of the Pontifical Commission "Ecclesia Dei" on July 8, 2009.

Bibliography. Miranda, Salvador. "Castrillón Hoyos, Darío." New Catholic encyclopedia : jubilee volume, the Wojtyla years. Detroit : Gale Group in association with the Catholic University of America, 2001, pp. 242-243.

Links. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal Castrillon: "I have great hopes for a full reconciliation with the Lefebvrists", video, Rome Reports, 2012-05-24 16:41:43.


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CHELI, Giovanni
(1918-2013)

Birth. October 4, 1918, Turin, Italy. Son of Egidio Cheli, a native of Suvereto, Tuscany, and Annunziata Sacco, from San Damiano, Asti.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Asti; then, at the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome, where he obtained a licentiate in theology and a doctorate in canon law; and later, at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome, where he studied diplomacy.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 21, 1942, at the cathedral of Asti, by Bishop Umberto Rossi of Asti. In the diocese of Asti, from 1942 until 1949, diocesan vice-counselor of the Young Men of Catholic Action; prefect of discipline and professor of French, history and mathematics at the Seminary of Asti. At the same time, he was diocesan assistant of the juvenile section of Catholic Action and vice-pastor festivo in Isola dAsti. During the Second World War, thanks to a short-wave radio, he established a network of correspondence between the captive Italians soldiers and their families. Radio London broadcast periodically a message adding the names of the prisoners. Once the contents of the transmission were picked up, Father Cheli compiled for each of them a text with the message and the name of the soldier. Then, with the help of young seminarians who traveled by bicycle, the texts were delivered to the families. By the end of the conflict, he organized the Pontificia Opera di Assistenza to help the prisoners of war, sick and disbanded, who were returning home. Further studies and pastoral ministry in Rome, 1949-1952; he was assigned as chaplain of the Sisters of Mercy of Verona, in the populous district of Prenestino; and in his leisure hours from the university courses, he had an intense pastoral work in the chapel of the Sacred Heart Institute, which served as a branch church of the parish of Sant'Eelena. In addition to the long hours spent in the confessional and preaching to the people, he devoted himself especially to the youth, forming a large group of altar boys and the Department XX ASCI Scout. Returned to Asti and very soon, in that same year, went back to Rome to enter the Vatican diplomatic service. Attaché of the nunciature in Guatemala, 1952-1955; where, with the coming to power of the Communist Party, the relations of the government with the Church and the Holy See were difficult. In that context, in addition to working in the papal representation, he devoted himself to the religious formation of young people, giving life to Catholic scouting and teaching at the Catholic University of Santa María, Guatemala City, founded by the Jesuits in those years. Named privy chamberlain supernumerary of His Holiness on March 2, 1953; confirmed on October 28, 1958. Secretary of the nunciature in Spain and pastoral ministry in Madrid, 1955-1962. Counselor of the nunciature in Italy, 1962-1967. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, March 1, 1965. At the service of Pontifical Council for Public Affairs of the Church, 1967-1973, closely collaborating with the secretary of that section, Archbishop Agostino Casaroli, with the task of conducting negotiations between the Holy See and some Eastern European countries. Among other things, he worked in the negotiations for the release of Cardinal József Mindszenty, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary. Named permanent observer of the Holy See at the United Nations Organization, July 25, 1973; where he reorganized the office's activities, mainly through an extensive network of external collaborators, and participated in many international conferences, including one on the Law of the Sea, which lasted for ten years; he became the first apostolic nuncio named before that organization.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Santa Giusta and named apostolic nuncio, September 8, 1978 (1). Consecrated, September 16, 1978, Vatican City, by Cardinal Jean Villot, bishop of the title of suburbicarian see of Frascati, secretary of State, prefect of Pontifical Council for Public Affairs of the Church, camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, assisted by Giuseppe Caprio, titular archbishop of Apollonia, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Agostino Casaroli, titular archbishop of Cartago, secretary of the S.C. for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs. His episcopal motto was Unitas in charitate. Pro-president of the Pontifical Commission for the Pastoral Care of Migrations and Tourism on September 18, 1986; the name of the commission was changed to Pontifical Council for Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants on June 28, 1988. Named president of the Pontifical Commission for Migrants and Itinerants on March 1, 1989. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for America, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Within the dicastery, he confirmed and consolidated the practice, already in place, for the differences in the field of human mobility in most areas: migrants, refugees, maritime, tourism, travelers, airport, students, fair workers and circus performers and workers, entrusting the responsibility to a fixed staff, which had favored the specialization. Several global and regional conferences were convened by the Pontifical Council in those years, as well as initiatives to support the apostolate of the sea and assistance to refugees and displaced persons. During his presidency, were discussed in-depth the complex issues of the new migration. In the vast world of human mobility, the care of the spiritual dimension always had a special place, with a particular attention to the experience of the pilgrimage.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 1998; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano, February 21, 1998. Resigned the presidency of the Pontifical Commission for Migrants and Itinerants on June 15, 1998. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when he turned 80 years of age, October 4, 1998. He was an outspoken critic of the United States invasion of Iraq in 2001. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title, March 1, 2008. On June 8, 2009, he participated in the celebration of the bicentennial of the birth of Cardinal Guglielmo Massaia, O.F.M.Cap., which took place in Asti. He has been decorated among others with the Order of Isabel la Católica, of Spain, and named commendatore of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic; and of the Verdienstkreuz of the Federal Republic of Germany. He received doctorates honoris causa from several universities in the United States of America: St. John's, Fordham, and Seton Hall.

Death. February 8, 2013, in the early hours of the morning, in his apartment at the Palace of S. Calixto, Rome. Upon learning the news of his death, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to Bishop Francesco Ravinale of Asti, the diocese in which the cardinal had been incardinated (2). The exequies took place on Saturday February 9, 2013, at 5 p.m., in the altar of the cathedra of the papal Vatican basilica, celebrated by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the College of Cardinals, together with the other cardinals, archbishops and bishops. Main concelebrants were Cardinals Francis Arinze and Giovanni Battista Re. Cardinal Sodano also delivered the homily. On February 10, 2013, the body of the late cardinal was transported to Asti and exposed in the cathedral of that city starting at 8:30 p.m. The funeral mass, presided by Cardinal Severino Poletto, archbishop emeritus of Turin, took place at 9:30 a.m. on February 11. Bishop Francesco Ravinale of Asti concelebrated with the cardinal. All the civil and military authorities with the banners were present. At the end of the ceremony, the late cardinal was buried in the crypt of the bishops in that cathedral..

Links. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in English, EWTN; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Il cardinale da 70 anni al servizio della Chiesa. Giovanni Cheli sarà festeggaito stamattina in Duomo, LaStampa.it, 21.06.2012; Addio al cardinale Giovanni Cheli, LaStampa.it, 08.02.2013.

(1) This is according to Acta Apostilcae Sedis, LXX, No. 11 (September 30, 1978), 776; and Annuario Pontifico per l'anno 2011, Città del Vaticano : Libreria Edirice Vaticana, 2011) p. 43*, during the pontificate of Pope John Paul I. Originally, the election was announced by L'Osservatore Romano [electronic resource]. Città del Vaticano : L'Osservatore Romano, CXVIII, n. 160 (July 14, 1978), p. 1; and L'Osservatore Romano, Spanish edition, X, no. 29 (July 16, 1978), p. 5, during the pontificate of Pope Paul VI.
(2) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Daily Bulletin of the Vatican Press Office:

A Sua Eccelenza Reverendissima
Mons. Francesco Ravinale
Vescovo di Asti

Ho appreso con tristezza la notizia della dipartita del venerato Cardinale Giovanni Cheli e desidero esprimere sentimenti di vivo cordoglio a codesta comunità diocesana, che lo annovera tra i suoi figli più illustri, come pure ai familiari e a quanti lo hanno conosciuto e stimato. Ricordo con animo grato la preziosa e solerte collaborazione da lui prestata per tanti decenni alla Sede Apostolica nelle Rappresentanze Pontificie, in Segreteria di Stato, poi come Osservatore della Santa Sede alle Nazioni Unite, infine quale Presidente del Pontificio Consiglio della Pastorale per i Migranti e gli Itineranti. Egli lascia la testimonianza di una vita spesa nell'adesione coerente e generosa alla propria vocazione, quale sacerdote sollecito per le necessità dei fedeli, specialmente per la formazione cristiana della gioventù. Innalzo fervide preghiere di suffragio perché il Signore accolga nel gaudio e nella pace eterna cosl zelante pastore, fedele al Vangelo e alla Chiesa, e invio a Vostra Eccellenza, all'intero presbiterio e a quanti condividono il dolore per la sua scomparsa la confortatrice Benedizione Apostolica.

Benedictus PP. XVI


Analogous telegram was sent by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State.


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CIPRIANI THORNE, Juan Luis
(1943-

Birth. December 28, 1943, Lima, Perú. He is the fourth of the eleven children of Enrique Cipriani and Isabel Thorne. They were "supernumerarios" of the Opus Dei.

Education. He completed his elementary and inferior secondary studies at Colegio Immaculado Corazón, Lima, from 1949 to 1953); and the superior secondary studies at Colegio Santa María, also in Lima, from 1954 to 1960. Then, from 1961 to 1966, he studied at Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería (UNI), Lima, where he obtained a doctorate in industrial engineering); worked as an engineer for some time with W.R. Grace and was a promoter of the Instituto Rural Valle Grande. Member of the Peruvian basketball team in the Bolivarian competition in Barranquilla, Colombia (first place); second place in South American Tournament, Lima; champion in South American Tournament, Montevideo, Uruguay; also participated in Pan American Games, Winnipeg, Canada. Joined the Sacerdotal Society of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei, Lima, June 10, 1962 (1). Studied at the International Seminary of the Opus Dei, Rome; at the University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain, where he earned a doctorate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 21, 1977, at Basílica di San Miguel, Madrid, Spain. Faculty member, Pontifical and Civil Faculty of Theology of Lima; spiritual director of the Major Seminary of Lima; chaplain and faculty member of Escuela de Alta Dirección and of Escuela Superior Montemar, Lima; from 1986 to 1988, regional vicar of the Opus Dei in Perú and vice chancellor of the University of Piura.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of and appointed auxiliary of Ayacucho. Consecrated, July 3, 1988, cathedral of Lima, by Cardinal Juan Landázuri Ricketts, O.F.M., archbishop of Lima, assisted by Luigi Dossena, titular archbishop of de Carpi, nuncio in Perú, and by Federico Richter Fernández-Prada, O.F.M., archbishop of Ayacucho. His episcopal motto is Consummati in unum. Apostolic administrator of Ayacucho, May 23, 1991. Attended the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Ayacucho, May 13, 1995. Transferred to the metropolitan and primatial see of Lima, January 9, 1999. Grand chancellor of the Pontifical and Civil Theological Faculty of Lima, January 9, 1999. Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Catholic University of Perú, March 24, 1999.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Camillo de Lellis, February 21, 2001. Assigned to the Congregations for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments; and for the Causes of the Saints; to the Prefecture of Economic Affairs of the Holy See; and to the Pontifical Commission for Latina America. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Named member of of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, February 3, 2007. Participated in the 5th General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. On January 9, 2009, the Peruvian government decorated him with the Order "El Sol del Perú", with the grade of grand cross, on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of his appointment as archbishop of Lima. On January 30, 2009, the mayor of Lima, Dr. Luis Castañeda Lossio, granted him the "Medalla de Lima" in recognition of his pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Lima. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 4th centennial of the archdiocese of Ayacucho, Perú, which took place on July 20, 2009. He was incorporated into the Peruvian Academy of Moral and Political Sciences in a ceremony held in Casona de San Marcos, in Lima, on May 2, 2012. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints on December 19, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014. He was named member of the Council for the Economy for a quinquennium on March 8, 2014.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Spanish; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; his arms, Araldica Vaticana Perú: 'Vuelvan por el camino de sus fundadores antes de llegar a los cien años de la universidad' . El cardenal Cipriani a la PUCP luego de retirarle la Santa Sede el uso de 'pontificia' y 'catslica', Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 22-07-2012; Perú: Cardenal Cipriani exhorta a unión del país sin ideologmas clasistas, ACI/EWTN Noticias, 29 Jul. 12 / 12:20 pm; Respaldan denuncia contra pensamiento znico hecha por Cardenal Cipriani, ACI/EWTN Noticias, 06 Ago. 12 / 04:26 am; Cardenal Cipriani al presentar nuevo libro: Hubo mucha fe en medio de crisis de rehenes, ACI/EWTN Noticias, 08 Ago. 12 / 05:46 pm; El cardenal Cipriani presents su libro 'Doy fe'. Testimonio de la crisis de los rehenes en la embajada de Japón en 1996, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 19-08-2012; Actuales autoridades de ex PUCP hacen imposible el diálogo, dice Cardenal Cipriani, aciprensa (ACI), 21 Ago. 12 / 11:43 am; Cardenal Cipriani: Que Santa Rosa ilumine a todos, ACI/EWTN Noticias, 30 Ago. 12 / 04:50 pm; Teologia della liberazione, Cipriani contro M|ller: «Sia più prudente» by Andrea Tornielli, in Italian, Vatican Insider, 17/10/2013.

(1) On August 23, 1982, Pope John Paul II erected the Personal Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei by the apostolic constitution Ut Sit.


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CLANCY, Edward Bede
(1923-2014)

Birth. December 13, 1923, Lithgow, diocese of Bathurst, Australia. Son of John Bede Clancy, a school teacher, and Ellen Lucy Edwards. He had three suster, Kathleen (deceased), Mary and Iris; and a brother, Brother Ken, a member of the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart. His mother died when he was young and he was brought up by his headmaster father, who imbued young Edward (Ted) with the disciplined spirit of the times.

Education. Studied at Holy Camp Public School, Grenfell; St. Monica's Primary School; and Good Samaritan School, Richmond; and Marist Brothers' College, Parramatta; then at St. Columba's College, Springwood; at St. Patrick's College, Manly; at the Pontifical International Athenaeum Angelicum, where he obtained a licentiate in theology in 1955; at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, where he earned a licentiate in Sacred Scriptures in 1955; at the Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in theology in 1965.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 23, 1949, at St. Mary's etropolitan cathedral, Sydney, by Cardinal Norman Thomas Gilroy, archbishop of Sydney. Father Edward Idris Cassidy, future cardinal, was ordained in the same ceremony. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Sydney as curate in Belmore, 1949-1952. Further studies, Rome, 1952-1955; while in Rome, he resided at Collegio San Pietro. Pastoral ministry in Sydney, 1955-1958, as assistant priest of Elizabeth Bay, and later Liverpool; faculty member, St. Columban College Seminary 1958-1961; he was also dean of discipline. Further studies in Rome, 1961-1963. Chaplain of the University of Sydney and professor of theology of St. Patrick's College, Manly, 1963-1973.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Ard Carna, and auxiliary of Sydney, October 25, 1973. Consecrated, January 19, 1974, Sydney, by Cardinal James Darcy Freeman, archbishop of Sydney, assisted by Cardinal James Robert Knox, archbishop of Melbourne, and by Thomas Vincent Cahill, archbishop of Canberra. His episcopal motto was Fides mundum vincit. He was entrusted with the pastoral care of the western part of the city, Blacktown, devoting himself with particular care to the construction of new churches and parochial schools. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Canberra and Goulburn, November 24, 1978. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Sydney, February 12, 1983. Member of the Order of Australia (OAM) in January 1984. President of the Australian Episcopal Conference, 1986-2000. In 1986, at his suggestion, the dioceses of Parramatta and Broken Bay were formed (by splitting the archdiocese of Sydney) so that parishioners had more access to their bishop. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; member of its general secretariat, 1987-1990. During his episcopate, he established the Australian Catholic University and was its founding chancellor.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria in Vallicella, June 28, 1988. Member of the Congregation for Bishops, and of the Pontifical Councils for Social Communications and for the Pastoral of Health Care Workers. Attended Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; member of its general secretariat, 1990-1994. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, October 1988 through November 6, 1995. In 1992 he was made a Companion in the Order of Australia (AC) for service to religion, learning and the disadvantaged in the community. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; president delegate; member of the general secretariat, 1994-1998. Attended the Special Assembly for Oceania of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998. He was scolded by the Vatican for setting up a heroin injecting room in Kings Cross, run by the Sisters of Charity at St Vincent's Hospital in 1999. Special papal envoy to the Marian Congress on the Holy Trinity, Manila, Philippines, January 27 to 29, 2000. He completed St. Mary's Cathedral by having its spires built and erected in 2000. Special papal envoy to the Ninth World Day of the Sick, Sydney, February 11, 2001. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, March 26, 2001. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, December 13, 2003. His support, especially in Rome, resulted in the eventual canonization of Australia's first saint, Mary MacKillop; she was beatified by Pope John Paul II in the cathedral of Sydney on January 19, 1995; and later, canonized on October 17, 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI. The latter visited him during the journey undertaken in Australia in July 2008 on the occasion of World Youth Day.

Death. August 3, 2014, peacefully, early in the morning, at the Mount Saint Joseph's Hostel and Nursing Home of the Little Sisters of the Poor at Randwick, where he had been receiving care for the past eight years. A priest friend was by his bedside when he died. He is survived by two sister, Iris and Mary, and his brother, Brother Ken Clancy, a member of the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart. Upon learning the news of the death of Cardinal Clancy, Pope Francis prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to Peter Andrew Comensoli, titular bishop of Tigisi di Numidia, apostolic administrator of Sydney (1). There was a funeral mass at St. Mary's metropolitan cathedral, Sydney, on Saturday August 9, 2014, presided by the apostolic nuncio to Australia and concelebrated by Cardinal Edward Idris Cassidy, president emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity and former classmate of Cardinal Clancy, sixteen bishops, among them the apostolic adminsitrator of Sydney, Peter Andrew Comensoli, titular bishop of Tigisi in Numidia; and the auxiliary bishop of Sydney, Terence John Gerard Brady, titular bishop of Talattula; as well as dozens of priests. He was buried in the crypt of the cathedral following the funeral mass.

Links. Photograph, arms and biography, in English, archdiocese of Sydney; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; A faithful son of the church: former Sydney Archbishop Edward Clancy dies by Kerry Myers, The Sydney Morning Herald, August 3, 2014 - 3:36PM; Archbishop Edward Clancy on his way to Paradise by Stephanie Wood, The Sydney Morning Herald, August 3, 2014 - 7:06PM.

(1) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Bulletin of the Holy See Press Office:

TO MONSIGNOR PETER COMENSOLI
APOSTOLIC ADMINISTRATOR
ARCHDIOCESE OF SYDNEY

I WAS SADDENED TO LEARN OF THE DEATH OF CARDINAL EDWARD BEDE CLANCY, ARCHBISHOP EMERITUS OF SYDNEY, AND I OFFER MY HEARTFELT CONDOLENCES, TOGETHER WITH THE ASSURANCE OF MY PRAYERS, TO YOU AND TO ALL THE FAITHFUL OF THE ARCHDIOCESE. I JOIN YOU IN COMMENDING THE LATE CARDINALS SOUL TO GOD THE FATHER OF MERCIES, WITH GRATITUDE FOR HIS YEARS OF EPISCOPAL MINISTRY AND HIS WISE PASTORAL LEADERSHIP OF THE ARCHDIOCESE OF SYDNEY, AS SEEN IN HIS CONCERN FOR THE NEEDS OF THE POOR, HIS SUPPORT FOR CATHOLIC EDUCATION AND HIS BROAD ECUMENICAL AND CIVIC VISION. TO ALL PRESENT AT THE MASS OF CHRISTIAN BURIAL AND TO ALL WHO MOURN CARDINAL CLANCY IN THE HOPE OF THE RESURRECTION, I CORDIALLY IMPART MY APOSTOLIC BLESSING AS A PLEDGE OF STRENGTH AND CONSOLATION IN THE LORD.

FRANCISCUS PP.

Analogous telegram was sent by Cardinal Pietro Parolin, secretary of State.


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COFFY, Robert
(1920-1995)

Birth. October 24, 1920, Le Biot, diocese of Annecy, France. His father was a carpenter. His baptismal name was Robert-Joseph.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Thonon; then, at the Major Seminary of Annecy; and finally, at the Catholic Faculty of Lyon.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 28, 1944, Annecy. Further studies, Lyon, 1944-1946. Pastoral ministry, Annecy, 1946-1947; faculty member, minor seminary of Thonon, 1948; further studies, Lyon, 1949. In the diocese of Annecy, faculty member of its major seminary, 1949-1952; its rector, 1952-1956; honorary canon of the cathedral chapter; member of the episcopal council; diocesan director of religious education; vicar general, 1956-1967.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Gap, February 11, 1967. Consecrated, April 23, 1967, church of the Visitation, Annecy, by Jean Sauvage, bishop of Annecy, assisted by André Charles Collini, bishop of Ajaccio, and by Paul-Marie François Rousset, Ist. del Prado, titular bishop of Utimma, auxiliary of Lyon. His episcopal motto was Sint unum. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Albi, June 15, 1974. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983. Transferred to the archdiocese of Marseille, April 13, 1985. Attended the VII Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the title of S. Luigi Maria Grignion de Montfort, June 28, 1991. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, April 22, 1995.

Death. July 15, 1995, of cancer, in Saint-Zacharie, diocese of Fréjus-Toulon. Buried in the archepiscopal (now metropolitan) cathedral of Marseille.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 241-242.

Link. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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COLASUONNO, Francesco
(1925-2003)

Birth. January 2, 1925, Grumo Appula, archdiocese of Bari, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Bari; then, at the Regional Seminary of Molfetta; later, at the University of Bari; also, at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained doctorates in theology and canon law; and finally, at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome, where he studied diplomacy.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 28, 1947, parish church of S. Maria Assunta, Grumo Appula, by Marcello Mimmi, archbishop of Bari. Further studies in Rome. Faculty member of the Seminary of Bari, Bari. Joined the Vatican diplomatic service and was attached to the Council for Public Affairs of the Church, 1960-1962. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, December 13, 1961; June 21, 1963. Secretary and later auditor of the apostolic delegation in the United States of America, 1962-1967. Auditor of the nunciature in India (1968-1972). Prelate of honor of His Holiness, October 17, 1971. Counselor of the nunciature and chargé d'affaires ad interim in China (Taiwan), 1972-1974.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tronto and appointed apostolic delegate in Mozambique, December 6, 1974. Consecrated, February 9, 1975, cathedral of Bari, by Cardinal Corrado Ursi, archbishop of Naples, assisted by Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, archbishop emeritus of Bangalore, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, and by Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero, O.C.D., archbishop of Bari. Pro-nuncio in Zimbabwe, March 7, 1981. Pro-nuncio in Yugoslavia, January 8, 1985. Nuncio with special charges and chief of the Holy See permanent delegation for working contacts with the government of the Republic of Poland, April 9, 1986. Representative of the Holy See before the Russian Federation, March 15, 1990. Nuncio in Italy, November 12, 1994. Nuncio also in San Marino, April 22, 1995.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 1998; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Eugenio, February 21, 1998. Special papal envoy to the closing celebrations of 5th Centennial of the Evangelization of Mozambique, Maputo, August 11 to 16, 1998.

Death. May 31, 2003, after a lengthy illness, at his family's residence in Grumo Appula, Bari. His funeral mass, presided by Cardinal Achille Silvestrini, was celebrated at the parish church of S. Maria Assunta, Grumo Appula, on Monday, June 2, 2003, at 4 p.m., with the participation, among others, of Cardinal Luigi Poggi; and Paolo Romeo, titular archbishop of Vulturia, nuncio to Italy; and Francesco Cacucci, archbishop of Bari-Bitonto. His body was placed in a beautifully crafted coffin by the local funeral home. He was buried in a specially constructed marble sarcophagus, in that parish church (1). Beside his sarcophagus stands a cabinet which holds a permanent display which includes his pastoral staff, pectoral cross, red biretta and cardinalitial ring.

(1) This is the inscription on his sarcophagus, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

EMINENZA REVERENDISSIMA
FRANCESCO COLASUONNO
CARDINALE
DI SANTA ROMANA CHIESA
2-1-1925    31-5-2003


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CONGAR, O.P., Yves
(1904-1995)

Birth. April 8, 1904, Sedan, archdiocese of Rheims, France. Son of Georges Henri Congar and Jeanne Lucie Desoye. His baptismal name was Georges Yves Marie. His first name is also listed as Ivo.

Education. Seminary of Rheims, Rheims, France; Catholic Institute, Paris. Joined the Order of Preachers (Dominicans), Amiens, December 7, 1925; took the name Marie-Joseph; professed, September 8, 1926; Le Saulchoir Dominican Seminary, Tournai, Belgium.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 25, 1930. Faculty member, Le Saulchoir Dominican Seminary, 1931-1939; 1945-1954. Secretary of Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques, from 1935. Medical orderly in the French Army during the Second World War; taken prisoner by Germany, 1940-1945 escaped. Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur. Decoratee with the Croix de Guerre. Forbidden by the Vatican to teach, lecture or publish and banished to obscure posts in Jerusalem, Rome, Cambridge and Strasbourg due to his support to the worker-priest movement, 1954-1956. Consultant to the preparatory theological commission of the ISecond Vatican Council, July 5, 1960; expert at the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Forced to give up most physical activities due to a neurological ailment in 1968; resided in the Centre des Invalides, Paris, since 1986. Member of the International Theological Commission, 1969-1985.

Episcopate. Excused from receiving the episcopal consecration because of age and bad health.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 26, 1994; received deaconry of S. Sebastiano al Palatino, November 26, 1994. He was 90 years of age when created a cardinal and, therefore, did not have the right to participate in the conclave.

Death. Thursday June 22, 1995, at 9:10 a.m., in his domicile, 6 boulevard des Invalides, Paris, France. Buried, tomb of the Dominican Order, Cemetery of Montparnasse, Paris.

Bibliography. Berea, Corneliu. Il pensiero teologico di Yves Congar sulla definizione della missione nel periodo preconciliare. Roma : Pontificia Università Gregoriana, 2009. (Documenta missionalia, 34). Note: Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral); Bosch, Juan. A la escucha del Cardenal Congar. Madrid : Edibesa, 1994. Bibliografía del Cardenal Congar: pp. 193-291; Congar, Yves ; Audoin-Rouzeau, Stéphane ; Congar, Dominique. Journal de la guerre, 1914-1918. Paris : Cerf, 1997; Congar, Yves ; Etienne Fouilloux ; Dominique Congar ; André Duval; Bernard Montagnes. Journal d'un théologien : 1946-1956. Paris : Cerf, 2001; Cortesi, Alessandro. Yves Congar, Testimonianza e profezia. Firenze: Nerbini, 2005. (Le frontiere dell'anima ; 4); Famerée, Joseph ; Routhier, Gilles. Yves Congar. Paris : Cerf, 2008. (Initiations aux théologies); Flynn, Gabriel. Yves Congar's vision of the church in a world of unbelief. Aldershot, Hants, England ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate, 2003; Fouilloux, É. "Frère Yves, Cardinal Congar, Dominicain. Itinéraire d'un théologien." Revue des Sciences Philosophiques et Théologique, LXXIX (1995); Jossua, Jean Pierre. Le Père Congar, la théologie au service du peuple de Dieu. Paris : Éditions du Cerf, 1967. (Chrétiens de tous les temps, 20); Jossua, Jean Pierre. "Yves Congar. La vie et oeuvre d'un théologien." Cristianesimo nella storia, XVII (1996), 1-12; Koskela, Douglas Michael. Yves Congar' vision of ecclesiality . Dissertation: Thesis (Ph.D. in Religious Studies)--Southern Methodist University, 2003. In: Dissertation Abstracts International 64-09A; Nichols, Aidan. Yves Congar. London : Geoffrey Chapman ; Wilton, CT : Morehouse-Barlow, 1989. (Outstanding Christian thinkers); Puyo, Jean ; Congar, Yves. Jean Puyo interroge le père Congar : une vie pour la vérité. Paris : Le Centurion, 1975. (Les Interviews); Vauchez, André. Cardinal Yves Congar : 1904-1995 : actes du colloque réuni à Rome les 3-4 juin 1996. Paris : Cerf, 1999. (Histoire ; Variation: Histoire (Editions du Cerf)); Yves Congar : 1904-1995. Redaktorzy Stanislaw C. Napiórkowski, Andrzej Czaja, Kazimierz Pek. Lublin : Red. Wydawnictw Katolickiego Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego, 1998. Summary in French. Papers presented at a conference; Yves Congar : theologian of the church. Edited by Gabriel Flynn. Louvain ; Dudley, MA : Peeters ; [Grand Rapids, Mich.] : W.B. Eerdmans, 2005. (Louvain theological & pastoral monographs ; 32).

Links. Biography, in French, Wikipedia; biography, in English Encyclopaedia Britannica; biography, in English, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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CONNELL, Desmond
(1926-

Birth. March 24, 1926, Phibsboro, archdiocese of Dublin, Ireland.

Education. Studied at St. Peter's National School, Phibsboro; at Belvedere College Dublin; at Holy Cross College (Diocesan Seminary), Dublin; at the University College, Dublin (bachelor of arts in 1946; and master of arts in 1947); at the Seminary of Maynooth, Maynooth (doctorate theology in 1950) from 1947 to 1951; and at Louvain University, Louvain, Belgium (doctorate in philosophy) from 1951 to 1953.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 19, 1951, by Archbishop John Charles McQuaid of Dublin. Further studies, Louvain, 1951-1953. Chaplain to three communities of contemplative sisters, the Poor Clares, Donnybrook, 1953-1955; the Carmelites, Drumcondra, 1955-1966 and the Carmelites in Blackrock from 1966. From 1953, also worked in the Department of Metaphysics, University College Dublin; professor of General Metaphysics, 1972; and elected dean of the Faculty of Philosophy and Sociology, 1983; re-elected three years later. For his published work he was awarded the degree of Doctor in Letters by the National University of Ireland in 1981. Member of the Irish Hierarchy's theological commission, and of the Diocesan Committee on Ecumenism. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, August 20, 1984.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Dublin, January 21, 1988. Consecrated, March 6, 1988, pro-cathedral of St. Mary, Dublin, by Gaetano Alibrandi, titular archbishop of Binda, nuncio in Ireland, assisted by Joseph A. Carroll, titular bishop of Questoriana, vicar general of Dublin, and by Brendan Oliver Comiskey, bishop of Ferns. His episcopal motto is Secundum Verbum Tuum. Elected vice-president of the Irish Episcopal Conference. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; the First Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Silvestro in Capite, February 21, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30-October 27, 2001. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese for having reached the age limit, in conformity with canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law, April 26, 2004. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, March 24, 2006. He has been criticized for lack of action and for making misleading statements in connection with the sex abuse of priests in his archdiocese.

Links. Photograph and brief biographical data, in English, Archdiocese of Dublin, second on page; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Wikipedia; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Episcopal Ordination of Desmond-Connell, Irish Photo Archive, 1988; his portrait by Conor Walton, Collection of the Irish Pontifical College, Rome; Tributes paid to Cardinal Desmond Connell, RTÉ, Monday 26 April 2004 23.21; Personal Statement of His Eminence, Desmond Cardinal Connell, Archbishop Emeritus of Dublin, archdiocese of Dublin, 26/11/09; Ireland's Cardinal Desmond Connell apologises for church sex abuse, The Telegraph, 27 Nov 2009 8:00AM GMT; Time for Cardinal Connell to do penance for his sins, independent.ie, 28 November 2012 02:33 PM.


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COTTIER, O.P., Georges Marie Martin
(1922-

Birth. April 25, 1922, Carouge (or Céligny), diocese of Lausanne (1), Switzerland, where the family had resided for three generations. His father, Louis, was a master watchmaker, as had been his grandfather, Emmanuel.

Education. Primary studies at Carouge. Attended collège in Genève, obtaining the classical maturity in 1941; then, studied at the Faculty of Letters at the University of Genève, obtaining a doctorate in classical letters in 1944. Entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) in 1945; studied at the Pontifical Collegio S. Tommaso d'Aquino, Rome, until 1952, obtaining a bachelor in philosophy and a doctorate in theology; in 1952, he returned to Genève, furthering his theological studies at the University of Genève; in 1959 he defended his doctoral dissertation "L'athéisme du jeune Marx et ses origines hégéliennes", at the Faculty of Letters of that university.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 2, 1951, Rome. In 1962, he became lecturer of philosophy at the Faculty of Letters, University of Genève. He participated as an expert at the Second Vatican Council, first as private expert of Charles de Provenchères, archbishop of Aix en Provence, France; and in the last session (1965), as an expert to the council, together with Cardinal Charles Journet. He was visiting professor at the University of Montréal in 1969; at the Institute Catholique de Paris from 1974 to 1975; at the Sacro Cuore University, Milan, from 1985 to 1986; and at the University of Padua in 1986. From 1973 until 1990, he was responsible of the courses of modern and contemporary philosophy at the University of Fribourg. Director of the Dominican Center of Genève. In the 1980s, he collaborated on numerous occasions with Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. Opposed to the theology of liberation, he had an active role in the preparation of the second document issued by the Vatican against such theological movement. Published in April 1986, the document expresses reservations concerning its conformity with the Church's tradition. Consultor of the Pontifical Council for the Dialog with Non-Believers; as such, participated in colloquies in Ljubljana, Budapest, Strassbourg and Moscow. He was also consultor to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and to the Pontifical Council for Culture. Member of the International Theological Commission in 1986; secretary general from March 1989 until October 2003. Theologian of the Pontifical Household, December 1989 until October 2003. Moved to Rome in 1990. Preached the spiritual exercises of Lent for the pope and the Roman Curia, March 1990. Honorary member of the Pontifical Academy of Science, October 28, 1992. Director of the journal Nova et Vetera, founded by Cardinal Journet. Member of the Pontifical Academy of Science; of the Pontifical Academy "San Tommaso d'Aquino"; of the Pontifical Academy of Theology; of the Institute of Synthesis of the Görres Society of Germany; of the Foundation "Cardinal Journet" of Fribourg; of the Cercle Jacques et Raïssa Maritain, until 1990; and of the Committee for International Encounters of Genève. He was president of the historical-theological commission established by the Central Committee of the Grand Jubilee of the Year 2000.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tullia, October 7, 2003. Consecrated on October 20, 2003, church of S. Sabina, Rome, by Cardinal Christoph Schönborn, O.P., archbishop of Vienna, assisted by Bernard Genoud, bishop of Lausanne, Genève et Fribourg, and by Archbishop Paolo Sardi, titular archbishop of Sutri, nuncio with special charges. His episcopal motto is Veritas et misericordia.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Ss. Domenico e Sisto, October 21, 2003. When he was promoted to the cardinalate, the cardinal was already 80 years old, therefore, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave. Pro-theologian of the Pontifical Household, October 21, 2003; reappointed, April 21, 2005; ceased, December 1, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; by papal appointment. Opted for the order of cardinal priests on June 12, 2014 and his deaconry, Ss. Domenico e Sisto, was elevated pro hac vice to title.

Links. Photograph and biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in Spanish, Orden de Predicadores; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Talk given by His Eminence Cardinal Georges Marie Martin Cottier at the Round Table Presentation of the LEV publication. John Paul II. The Development of a Theology of Communication, February 4, 2009 in the Sala Marconi at Vatican Radio headquarters in Rome; Cottier: e iniziò un'era nuova by Filippo Rizzi, Avvenire (Quelli del Concilio/1), 25 aprile 2012; Hacer algunas renuncias y aceptar los cambios que la Iglesia propone. Coloquio con el cardenal Georges Cottier, testigo directo del Concilio Vaticano II. By José Antonio Varela Vidal, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 09-07-2012; En su petición de perdón, el papa Juan Pablo II tuvo una gran intuición. Coloquio con el cardenal Georges Cottier, testigo directo del Concilio Vaticano II (parte 2). By José Antonio Varela Vidal, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 11-07-2012; Los papas Juan XXIII y Pablo VI dieron mensajes que dejaron atrás la doctrina de la guerra justa. Coloquio con el cardenal Georges Cottier, testigo directo del Concilio Vaticano II (parte final). By José Antonio Varela Vidal, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 13-07-2012; «Nei suoi gesti una profonda libertà spirituale», in Italian, L'Intervista, Avvenire, 22 marzo 2013.

(1) On October 17, 1924, the diocese of Lausanne was united to that of Fribourg, which had also the title of Genève since January 30, 1821.


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