The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
(1903-2011)
D

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DADAGLIO, Luigi
(1914-1990)

Birth. September 28, 1914, Sezzadio, diocese of Acqui, Italy.

Education. Seminary of Acqui, Acqui; Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, 1938-1942 (doctorate in utroque iuris, both canon and civil law, July 6, 1942); Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome, 1941-1943 (diplomacy).

Priesthood. Ordained, May 22, 1937, Acqui. Coadjutor in Canelli, diocese of Acqui, 1937-1938. Further studies, Rome, 1938-1942. Joined the Vatican secretariat of State, section of Ordinary Affairs, 1942. Secretary in the nunciature in Haiti and Dominican Republic, 1946-1950. Auditor in the apostolic delegation, United States, 1950-1953; in the apostolic delegation in Canada, 1953-1954; in the apostolic delegation in Australia, 1954-1958. Counselor in the nunciature in Colombia, 1958-1960. In charge, provisionally, of the nunciature in Venezuela, April 1960. Nuncio in Venezuela, November 18, 1960.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Lero, October 28, 1961. Consecrated, December 8, 1961, church of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio al Monte Celio, Rome, by Cardinal Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, secretary of State, assisted by Angelo Dell'Acqua, titular archbishop of Calcedonia, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Giuseppe dell'Omo, bishop of Acqui. His episcopal motto was Sola virtus manet. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Nuncio in Spain, July 8, 1967. Secretary of the Congregation for Sacraments and Divine Worship, October 4, 1980. Pro-penitentiary major, April 8, 1984.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Pio V a Villa Carpegna, May 25, 1985. Penitentiary major, May 27, 1985. Attended the Second General Assembly of the College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 21 to 23, 1985; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, December 15, 1986. President, Central Committee of Marian Year, February 11, 1987. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Resigned penitentiary, April 6, 1990.

Death. August 22, 1990, while hospitalized at Rome's "Policlinico Gemelli", where he had been interned for several days with a heart ailment. Buried in the family plot in Sezzadio.

Link. Photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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DALY, Cahal Brendan
(1917-2009)

Birth. October 1, 1917, village of Loughguile, on the edge of the Glens of Antrim, diocese of Down and Connor, Ireland. Third of the seven children of Charles Daly, a primary school teacher originally from Keadue in Co Roscommon, and Susan Connolly, from Co Antrim; the other siblings were John, Nicholas, Margaret, Sheila, Rosaleen and Patrick. As a child in North Antrim, he saw the Irish Republican Army (IRA) burn his home in an attack on police billeted next door.

Education. Primary education, St. Patrick's National School, Loughguile; secondary education, as a boarder, at St. Malachy's College, Belfast, August 25, 1930-1934, where novelist Brian Moore was a contemporary; Queen's University, Belfast, September 1934-1937 (classics degree); St. Patrick's College, Maynooth (Ireland's national seminary), September 1937-1941 (philosophy and theology; master's thesis: "The Church in North Africa in the time of Tertulian", August 1938; doctorate in divinity, 1944); sabbatical year, 1952-1953, took courses in theology and philosophy in Paris at Institut Catholique (licentiate in philosophy), La Sorbonne University; Collège de France. He has said he does not remember any time when he did not want to be a priest.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 22, 1941, College Chapel, St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, by Daniel Mageean, bishop of Down and Connor. From 1941-1967: further studies; Classics master in St Malachy's College, Belfast, 1945-1946; In 1946 lecturer in Scholastic Philosophy at Queen's University, Belfast, from 1946; reader in Scholastic Philosophy at Queen's University, Belfast, 1963 to 1967. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965, as assistant to William Philbin, bishop of Down and Connor, and to Cardinal William Conway, archbishop of Armagh.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise, May 26, 1967. Consecrated, July 16, 1967, St. Mel's cathedral, Longford, by Cardinal William Conway, archbishop of Armagh, assisted by Giuseppe Maria Sensi, titular archbishop of Sardes, nuncio in Portugal, and by Neil Farren, bishop of Derry. His episcopal motto was Jesus Christus heri et hodie. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Transferred to see of Down and Connor, August 24, 1982. He frequently used that pulpit to denounce the killings and policies of the IRA and its allied Sinn Fein party. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Promoted to metropolitan and primatial see of Armagh, November 6, 1990.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the title of S. Patrizio, June 28, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, October 1, 1996. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, October 1, 1997. He has written extensively on philosophy as well as on the conflict in Northern Ireland and continued to study after his retirement. He was prominent in the Irish Catholic bishops' delegation to the New Ireland Forum in 1983 and contributed to the work of the Forum for Peace and Reconciliation, established after the first IRA ceasefire of 1994. He is also believed to have been the author of Pope John Paul II's Drogheda speech in September 1979 appealing to the IRA to end its violence.

Death. December 31, 2009, of cardiac failure after a long history of heart trouble, at 6.45 p.m., in the presence of relatives and friends, at the coronary care unit of Belfast City Hospital. The remains of the late cardinal arrived at Belfast's St. Peter's cathedral at noon on Saturday January 2, 2010, where they reposed. On Sunday at 5.30 p.m., the remains were transferred to St. Patrick's cathedral in Armagh. The funeral mass was held at noon on Tuesday January 5, 2010. He was buried in the cathedral grounds beside his three immediate predecessors: Cardinals Tomás O'Fiach, William Conway and John D'Alton (1). He was survived by his sister Rosaleen, his brother Patrick and sisters-in-law Barbara and Mavis, his nieces and nephews, and extended family. Statements lamenting his death and praising his life were issued by the Primate of all-Ireland Cardinal Seán Brady, his successor; President Mary McAleese of Ireland; Taoiseach Brian Cowen; Fine Gael leader Enda Kenny; Northern Ireland's deputy first minister Martin; former Great Britain Prime Minister Tony Blair; the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland, The Most Rev. Alan Harper; the Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, Dr Stafford Carson; and the President of the Methodist Church in Ireland, the Rev Donald P Ker, among others.

Bibliography. Daly, Cahal B. ; Worrall, A. S. Ballymascanlon : an Irish venture in inter-church dialogue. Belfast : Christian Journals ; Dublin : Veritas Publication, 1978; Daly, Cahal B. The breaking of bread: biblical reflections on the Eucharist. Dublin: Veritas, 2008. Contents: Part I: Old Testament: eucharist veiled -- Part II. New Testament: eucharist unveiled. Abstract: "I felt conscious of the fact, that so far as I knew, no book on the Eucharist in English provided such a rich biblical background to the mystery of the Eucharist and that this represented a loss to English-speaking readers, anxious to deepen their eucharistic faith and devotion. . . . [This book] is something between a book of biblical theology and a prayer book"-- Foreword; Daly, Cahal B. The minding of planet earth. Dublin : Veritas, 2004; Daly, Cahal B. Moral philosophy in Britain : from Bradley to Wittgenstein. Blackrock, Co. Dublin : Four Courts Press, 1996; Daly, Cahal B. Morals, law, and life. Chicago : Scepter, 1966; Daly, Cahal B. Peace, the work of justice : addresses on the northern tragedy 1973-79. Dublin : Veritas, 1980; Daly, Cahal B. Philosophical papers. Dublin : Four Courts Press, 2007; Daly, Cahal B. The price of peace. Belfast : Blackstaff Press, 1991; Daly, Cahal B. Steps on my pilgrim journey : memories and reflections. Dublin, Ireland : Veritas Publications, 1998; Daly, Cahal B. Tertullian the Puritan and his influence : an essay in historical theology. Blackrock : Four Courts Press, 1993; Daly, Cahal B. Violence in Ireland and Christian conscience : from addresses given by Cahal B. Daly.. Dublin : Veritas Publications, 1973.

Links. Photograph, arms and biography, in English, archdiocese of Armagh; his portrait by David Hone, Queen's University, Belfast, The Public Catalogue Foundation, BBC, and his arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his grave monument, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

CAHAL BRENDAN
CARDINAL DALY
ARCHBISHOP OF ARMAGH
PRIMATE OF ALL IRELAND
MCMXC - MCMXCVI
BORN AT LOUGHGUILE
1ST OCTOBER 1917
RETURNED TO THE FATHER
31ST DECEMBER 2009
LIFE TO ME
IS NOT A THING
TO WASTE WORDS ON
PROVIDED THAT WHEN
I FINISH MY RACE
I HAVE CARRIED OUT
THE MISSION THE
LORD JESUS GAVE ME
AND THAT WAS
TO BEAR WITNESS
TO THE GOOD NEWS
OF GOD'S GRACE
ACTS : 20-24


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DAOUD, Ignace Moussa I
(1930-2012)

Birth. September 18, 1930, Meskané, a village in the archeparchy of Homs, Hama et Nabk of the Syrians, Syria. Son of Daoud Moussa Daoud and Kahla Elias Dabbas. The family had six siblings, three girls and three boys. His baptismal name was Basile. His name is also listed as Ignatius Basile Moses.

Education. Initial studies at the parish school of his native village directed by Father Hanna Makdissi; in December 1941, he entered the Seminary St. Ephrem-St Benoît in Jerusalem of the French Benedictine Fathers, where he did his complementary and secondary studies; in 1948, after the war in Palestine between Jews and Arabs, the seminary was transferred to the Convent of Charfeh, Lebanon; there, he finished the last year of his secondary studies; then, he studied philosophy and theology in that same seminary; from 1949 until 1955. in 1962, he was sent to Rome to study at the Pontifical Lateran University, where he obtained a licentiate in canon law in 1964. He spoke Arabic, French and Italian.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 17, 1954, cathedral of Saint-Georges of the Catholic Syrians, Beirut, by Cardinal Ignace Gabriel I Tappouni of Antioch of the Syrians. In 1955 he returned to his diocese of origin, Homs, and was given the charges of professor of catechism at St. Joseph School; vicar of the curé of Homs; later, director of that school and curé of Homs; secretary of the archbishop; and finally, episcopal vicar general. Further studies, Rome, 1962-1964. Secretary to the Syrian patriarch, Beirut, 1965-1970. In 1970, Patriarch Ignace Antoine II Hayek named him secretary of the patriarchate; occupied the post for seven years. Defender of the matrimonial bond, patriarchal tribunal, Beirut.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Cairo of the Syrians, Egypt, by the Syrian Catholic Patriarchal Synod gathered in Charfeh, Lebanon, July 2, 1977; Paul VI assented to his election, July 22, 1977. Consecrated, September 18, 1977, church of the convent of Notre-Dame de la Délivrance, Charfeh, Daroun, Lebanon, by Ignace Antoine II Hayek, patriarch of Antioch of the Syrians, assisted by Flavien Zacharie Melki, titular archbishop of Amida dei Siri, and by Joseph Jacob Abiad, archbishop of Homs, Hama et Nabk of the Syrians. At his consecration he took the name Basile Moussa Daoud. He was enthroned in the church of Sainte-Catherine, Cairo, on October 7, 1977. Consultant, and later member of the Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Code of Canons of the Eastern Church (CCEO); and chaired the Commission for the Arabic translation of the CCEO. He built the cathedral of Notre-Dame du Rosaire, in Cairo. Promoted to archeparchy of Homs, Hama et Nabk of the Syrians by the Syrian Catholic Patriarchal Synod, July 1, 1994; Pope John Paul II assented to his promotion on July 6, 1994. Enthroned in the church of Notre-Dame Délivrance in Zeidal, Homs, on September 18, 1994. Attended Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 19 to May 14, 1998. Elected 134th patriarch of Antioch of the Syrians, October 13, 1998, Lebanon, by the Syrian Catholic Patriarchal Synod. Took the name of Ignace Moussa I. Pope John Paul II granted him the ecclesiastica communio, October 20, 1998. Enthroned as patriarch, October 25, 1998, cathedral of Notre-Dame de l'Annonciation, Beirut. He realized his first visit ad limina Apostolorum, December 12 to 20, 1998. Named prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Oriental Institute on November 25, 2000. Resigned the patriarchate of Antioch of the Syrians on January 8, 2001.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal patriarch, February 21, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. On December 5, 2004, charged by the pope, he confirmed the ecclesiastica communio to the newly elected patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans, Emmanuel III Delly, during the mass celebrated in the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Reappointed by the new pope prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Oriental Institute, April 21, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Papal delegate to the ceremony of the confirmation of the ecclesiastica communio to Antonios Naguib, new patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts. The ceremony took place on December 19, 2006 in the papal basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura, Rome. Resigned the prefecture of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, for reason of age limit, on June 9, 2007. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on September 18, 2010.

Death. April 7, 2012, at 8 a.m., of cardiovascular complications after suffering a stroke while recovering at the Roman clinic "Pio XI". Upon learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal rest of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to Patriarch Ignace Youssif III Younan of Antioch of the Syrians (1). The funeral took place in the Altar of the Cathedra of the papal Vatican basilica on April 10, 2012, presided over by Cardinal Angelo Sodano. His body was taken to Beirut on April 11, 2012, and it was laid out for the blessing and farewell in the chapel of the Holy Patriarchate of Beirut on April 13 and 14. A funeral mass, presided by Patriarch Younan, was celebrated for the repose of the soul of the cardinal at 3 p.m. on Monday April 16, 2012, at the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Annunciation, Beirut. Then, his body was buried in the crypt of the patriarchs in the monastery in Charfeh, Daroun, beside the tomb of Cardinal Ignace Gabriel I Tappouni.

Links. Photograph and biography, in French, The Syriac Catholic Youth Club; his arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Intervention by Cardinal Ignace Moussa I Daoud at the Pontifical Oriental Institute meeting on the 1950th anniversary of the arrival in India of St. Thomas the Apostle and the 450th anniversary of the death of St. Francis Xavier, Saturday, 7 December 2002, The Vatican.

(1) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Press Office of the Holy See:

Sa Béatitude Igance Youssif III Younan
Patriarche d'Antioche des Syriens
Beyrouth
Apprenant avec peine le décès de Sa Béatitude le Cardinal Ignace Moussa I Daoud, Patriarche émérite d'Antioche des Syriens et Préfet émérite de la Congrégation pour les Églises orientales, je tiens à vous exprimer mon union dans la priére avec votre Église patriarcale, avec la famille du défunt et toutes les personnes touchées par ce deuil. En ces jours où nous célébrons la résurrection du Seigneur, me souvenant des peuples de la région qui vivent des moments difficiles, je le prie d'accueillir dans sa joie et dans sa paix l'âme de ce Pasteur fidèle qui s'est dévoué avec foi et générosité au service du Peuple de Dieu. En gage de réconfort, je vous accorde de grand cur, Béatitude, la Bénédiction apostolique, ainsi qu'ux Évêques, aux prêtres, et aux fidèles du Patriarcat d'ntioche des Syriens, aux membres de la famille du défunt et à toutes les personnes qui prendront part dans l'espérance à la liturgie des obsèques.


An analogous telegram was sent by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State.


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DARMAATMADJA, S.J., Julius Riyadi
(1934-

Birth. December 20, 1934, Muntilan, Jawa Island, archdiocese of Semarang, Indonesia. Son of Joachim Djasman Darmaatmadja and Maria Siti Supartimah. He was the youngest of six brothers. Baptized on December 21, 1934, in the church of St. Antonius in Muntilan. In 1942, when Japan invaded the Dutch East Indies during the Second World War, Julius and the family had to flee to Salam.

Education. Initial studies at Kanisius School, Salam, 1940-1941; continued his studies at Negeri Semen, Salam, 1942-1943; at Wonosari, Muntilan, 1944-1947; and at Kanisius Junior High School, Muntilan, 1949; continued his secondary studies at Minor Seminary of Magelang, Magelang, 1951-1957. Joined the Society of Jesus, December 7, 1957, Giri Sonta-Kiepu, Semarang; juniorate in Girisonta, 1959-1961; took the first vows, September 8, 1959; studied philosophy at College de Nobili in Poona, India (lincensiate to achieve a degree or master of philosophy), 1961-1964; he was also tutor and teacher at the Secondary Seminary of Mertoyudan, Magelang, 1961-1964; St. Ignatius College, Kentungan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia (theology), 1966-1971; took the last vows, Semarang, February 2, 1975.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 18, 1969, church of St. Antonius, Kota Baru, Yogyakarta, by Cardinal Justinus Darmojuwono, archbishop of Semarang. For several months in 1971, he worked in the parish Marganingsih Kalasan, Yogyakarta. From 1971 to 1983, faculty member and vice-prefect of Minor Seminary St. Peter Canisius, Semarang; pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Semarang; assistant to the master of novices; rector of the Minor Seminary St. Peter Canisius, Semarang; member of the ministries commission; member of the Board of Advisors and chairman of the Archdiocesan Commission of Education, 1981-1983. Jesuit provincial of Indonesia, June 15, 1981 to 1983.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Semarang, February 19, 1983. Consecrated, June 29, 1983, Semarang, by Cardinal Justinus Darmojuwono, archbishop emeritus of Semarang, assisted by Francis Xavier Sudartanta Hadisumarta, O.C.D., bishop of Malang, and by Leo Soekoto, S.J., archbishop of Jakarta. His episcopal motto is In Nomine Jesu (Dalam nama Yesus). Military Ordinary for Indonesia, April 28, 1984. President of the Indonesian Episcopal Conference, November 17, 1988 to 1997; and 2000 to 2006.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 26, 1994; received the red biretta and the title of S. Cuore di Maria, November 26, 1994. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Jakarta, January 11, 1996. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 19 to May 18, 1998; one of its three presidents delegate; member the of the post-synodal council, May 8, 1998. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. On August 9, 2005, he was decorated with the grand star of Mahaputera by the government of the Republic of Indonesia; it was presented by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono at the State Palace, on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the independence of Indonesia. Resigned the pastoral government of the military ordinariate of Indonesia in conformity to canon 401 § 2 of the Code of Canon Law, January 2, 2006. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Jakarta on June 28, 2010, in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. He was succeeded by Archbishop Ignatius Suharyo Hardjoatmodjo, coadjutor of that same see. He resides at Jesuit Emmaus Rumiah Retreat House, a retirement home for elderly priests and prelates in Ungaran city, central Java. Did not participate in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis, for health reasons.

Link. Photographs amd biography, in Indonesian, archdiocese of Jakarta; his photograph, Araldica Vaticana; Jakarta cardinal will not take part in conclave because of poor health, two others pending, Rome Reports, 2013-02-21 18:29:19; Conclave, Cardinal Darmaatmadja renounces for "health reasons" by Mathias Hariyadi, AsiaNews, 02/21/2013 09:47; Cardinal Darmaatmadja pulls out of Conclave: Cardinal electors are now down to 116, Vatican Insider, 02/22/2013.


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DECOURTRAY, Albert
(1923-1994)

Birth. April 9, 1923, hamlet of L'Amiteuse, Wattignies, diocese of Lille, France. Son of Paul Eugène Decourtary and Marie Louise Virginie Pouille. His baptismal name was Albert Florent Augustin. He had a brother, Eliane, who died at 17; and two sisters, Paule and Blanche, who died at a young age.

Education. Initial studies at the Minor Seminary of Haubourdin, October 1940; entered the Grand Seminary of Lille, Lille, October 1941; military service, 1945-April 1946; completed studies at the Catholic Faculties of Lille, 1948; Pontifical Gregorian University, 1948-1951 (doctorate in theology, 1951; thesis on Nicolas Malebranche); Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, 1950-1951; Pontifical Biblical Institute, Jerusalem, July-December 1962.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1947, Lille, by Cardinal Achille Liénart, bishop of Lille. Further studies, Rome, 1948-1951; while in Rome, he was chaplain of the church of Saint-Louis des Français. Successively, 1952-1966, professor of Holy Scripture, Grand Seminary of Lille, 1952-1962; responsible for the formation of young priests of the diocese of Lille, 1958; responsible for the pastoral of the Grand Seminary of Lille, 1958; judge at the officialité of Lille, 1961; member of the episcopal commission of the clergy, 1965; vicar general of the diocese of Lille, 1966 and archdeacon of Roubaix, 1966; and responsible for the public schools chaplains.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Ippona Zárito and appointed auxiliary of Dijon, May 27, 1971. Consecrated, July 3, 1971, cathedral of Lille, by Adrien Gand, bishop of Lille, assisted by André-Jean-Marie Charles de la Brousse, bishop of Dijon, and by Jean-Baptiste-Étienne Sauvage, bishop of Annecy. His episcopal motto was In simplicitate. Transferred to the see of Dijon, April 22, 1974. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Lyon, October 29, 1981. Vice-president of the Episcopal Conference of France, 1981-1987; its president, 1987-1990. Prelate of the Mission de France, April 23, 1982. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the title of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio, May 25, 1985. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, January 20, 1986. Office of the Légion d'Honneur, 1986. Elected, for one year, president of the Council of the Christian Churches of France, November 17, 1987. Received the first prize of the Droits de l'Homme, February 5, 1988. Resigned the prelature, October 1, 1988. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the 16th centennial of the martyrdom of St. Maurice and his companions of the Theban Legion and the 16th centennial of the first basilica built in their honor, abbey of St. Maurice de Agaune, Switzerland, September 22, 1990. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Received the prize "Action humanitaire" of B' nai B' rith, November 17, 1991. Elected member of the Academie Française, June 1, 1993; reception, March 10, 1994 (1). He resided at 1 place de Fourvière, Lyon 5ème (Rhône).

Death. September 16, 1994, at 5:30 p.m., of a cerebral hemorrhage, while hospitalized shortly after collapsing in his apartment and falling into a deep coma from which he never emerged, in Hôpital Louis Pradel, 59 boulevard Pinel, in Bron, a bordering commune of Lyon. The funeral took place on September 22, 1994, presided over by Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, in the metropolitan and primatial cathedral of Saint-Jean-Baptiste of Lyon; after the funeral he was buried in the crypt of that cathedral.

Bibliography. Barrillot, Bruno. Albert Decourtray : un évêque au fil des jours. Paris : Les éditions ouvrières, 1989 . (A pleine vie.; Variation: Collection "A pleine vie); Berthod, Bernard ; Ladous, Régis. Le cardinal Decourtray. Lyon : LUGD, 1996. (Hommes et Régions); Decourtray, Albert ; Sève, André. Le cardinal Decourtray : 22 entretiens avec André Sève. Paris : Le Centurion, 1986. (Les Interviews; Variation: Interviews [Centurion Firm]); Decourtray, Albert ; Schumann, Maurice. Réception de M. le Cardinal Albert Decourtray : discours prononcés dans la séance publique le jeudi 10 mai 1994 ; [réponse de M. Maurice Schumann au discours de M. le Cardinal Albert Decourtray]. Paris : Palais de l'Institut : Imprimerie nationale, 1994. (Institut (Paris, France) ; 1994-4); Decourtray, Albert ; Domenach, Nicolas ; Szafran, Maurice. Le testament inachevé : entretiens avec Nicolas Domenach et Maurice Szafran. Paris : Flammarion, 1994; Hommage au cardinal Decourtray à la suite de sa réception à l'Académie française. Bulletin de l'Institut catholique de Lyon. Avril-juin 1994, no 105; Huvet, Michel. Les années Decourtray, 1971-1981, un évêque à Dijon. Précy-sous-Thil : Editions de l'Armancon, 1990; Jore, Alexander. Épiscopologe Français de 1592 à 1973. Mis à jour et continué jusqu'en 2004. Complément de l'article "France" du Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastiques t. XVIII, colonnes 161 à 532. Pro-Manuscripto, 25 - III- 2004, no. 3183; Sauzay, Laurent. Le cardinal Decourtray et les médias. Thèse de maîtrise. Université Jean-Moulin Lyon III, 1991; Sauzay, Laurent. "Histoire de la conversion d'un évêque aux médias. Le cas de Mgr Albert Decourtray, cardinal-archevêque de Lyon, 1981-1994." Cahiers d'histoire XLI (1996) pp. 529-551.

Link. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is a list of his works, taken from the site of the Academie Française: Foi et raison chez Malebranche, 1949; Livre de la Sagesse, 1955; Osée, 1962; Elisabeth de la Trinité, un prophète de Dieu pour notre temps, 1979; Présence dElisabeth de la Trinité, 1980; Vingt-deux entretiens avec André Sève (Le Centurion), 1986 ; Une voix dans la rumeur du monde (Le Centurion), 1988; Un évêque et Dieu (Fayard), 1989; Comment vivre le Sacrement de la Pénitence, 1992; Le testament inachevé (posthume), 1994.


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DEGENHARDT, Johannes Joachim
(1926-2002)

Birth. January 31, 1926, Schwelm, diocese of Essen (before archdiocese of Paderborn), Germany. Son of Julius Degenhardt and his wife Elly.

Education. He studies philosophy at the Seminary of Paderborn; theology at the Theological Seminary of Münich; and obtained a doctorate in theology at the Seminary of Würzburg.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 6, 1952 Paderborn. Prefect of the Theological Seminary of Paderborn, 1959. Further studies, Würzburg. Pastor of the student parish, Paderborn, 1965. Dean of the deanate "Hochstift", 1966.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Vico di Pacato and appointed auxiliary of Paderborn, March 12, 1968. Consecrated, May 1, 1968, cathedral of Sankt Liborio, Paderborn, by Cardinal Lorenz Jäger, archbishop of Paderborn, assisted by Franz Hengsbach, bishop of Essen, and by Paul Nordhues, titular bishop of Cos, auxiliary of Paderborn. His episcopal motto was Surrexit Dominus vere. Vicar capitular of Paderborn, July 3, 1973. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Paderborn, April 4, 1974. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977; the II Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Liborio, February 21, 2001.

Death. July 25, 2002, in the early morning, suddenly, of cardiac related problems, in the archiepiscopal palace of Paderborn. In the days that followed, thousands passed by the cardinal's body, lying in state in the Bartholomäuskapelle in Paderborn. The funeral took place on the following August 3, in the metropolitan cathedral of Paderborn, in the presence of nine cardinals: Henrik Gulbinowicz of Breslau, Karl Lehmann of Mainz, Franciszek Macharski of Cracow, Joachim Meisner of Cologne, Joseph Ratzinger of the Roman Curia, Leo Scheffczyk of Munich, Adrianus Simonis of Utrecht, Georg Sterzinsky of Berlin and Friedrich Wetter of Munich, together with over 60 archbishops and bishops from all over the world and numerous state guests. Buried in the crypt of the metropolitan cathedral of Paderborn.

Bibliography. Redaktion. "Degenhardt, Johannes Joachim." Die Bischöfe der deutschsprachigen Länder, 1945 2001 : ein biographisches Lexikon. Unter Mitwirkung von Franz Xaver Bischof ... [et al.] ; herausgegeben von Erwin Gatz. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 2002, p. 440-442.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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DE GIORGI, Salvatore
(1930-

Birth. September 6, 1930, Vernole, diocese of Lecce, Italy. Third of the eight children of Vito De Giorgi and Anna Teresa De Carlo.

Education. Episcopal Seminary, Lecce; Regional Seminary, Molfetta.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 28, 1953, Vernole, by Francesco Minerva, bishop of Lecce. Secretary to Bishop Minerva, 1953-1958. Successively, 1953-1973, in the diocese of Lecce, pastoral ministry; diocesan assistant to the Federation of Italian Catholic University Students; secretary of the diocesan catechetical office; ecclesiastical assistant of the youth of Catholic Action; ecclesiastical assistant of the Movement of Catholic Teachers; faculty member, State Classical Lyceum; delegate of the commission for sacred chant; delegate of the Italian Association of Sacred Chant (AISC); episcopal vicar for lay apostolate; episcopal delegate for diocesan organic pastoral and director of its office; member of the presbyteral council; and member of the directive council of the diocesan pastoral institute of C.E.P.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tulana and auxiliary of Oria, November 21, 1973. Consecrated, December 27, 1973, Lecce, by Francesco Minerva, bishop of Lecce, assisted by Guglielmo Motolese, archbishop of Taranto, and by Alberico Semeraro, bishop of Oria. His episcopal motto is In charitate pax. Named coadjutor, with right of succession, of Oria, November 29, 1975. Succeeded to the see of Oria, March 17, 1978. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Foggia with the dioceses of Bovino and Troia, united in persona episcopi, April 4, 1981. Named archbishop of Foggia-Bovino when Italian dioceses were restructured, September 30, 1986. Resigned the pastoral government of Troia, September 30, 1986. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Taranto, October 10, 1987. General ecclesiastical assistant of the Italian Catholic Action, February 2, 1990. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, May 11, 1990. Ecclesiastical assistant of the international forum of the Catholic Action, 1991. President of the Italian Federation of Spiritual Exercises, 1992. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Palermo, April 4, 1996.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 1998; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria in Ara Coeli, February 21, 1998. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the closing of the Siracusan Marian Year that took place in the Shrine della Madonna delle Lacrime, Siracusa, Sicily, Italy, September 1, 2003. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. His resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Palermo, in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law, was accepted by the pope on December 19, 2006. Apostolic administrator of Palermo, December 19, 2006 until the installation of his successor on February 10, 2007. The Permanent Episcopal Council of the Italian Episcopal Conference named him president of the Italian Federation of Spiritual Exercises (Fies) on January 30, 2007. Special papal envoy to the conclusive celebration of the millennium of the dedication of the co-cathedral of Sarsina, Italy, which took place on May 31, 2009. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when he turned eighty years old on September 6, 2010. Will be special papal envoy to the celebrations that will take place on May 30, 2011, in Pozzuoli, Italy, in the occasion of the closing of the diocesan Pauline Jubilar Year in the 1950º anniversary of the landing and the preaching of the Apostle St. Paul in that city. Member of the Commission of Cardinals to investigate the leak of reserved and confidential documents on television, in newspapers and in other communications media, April 24, 2012.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Italian; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Presentaron a Benedicto XVI los resultados de la investigación sobre las cartas robadas by H. Sergio Mora, in Spanish, Zenit, el Mundo visto desde Roma, 18-06-2012; Lombardi: Commission is carrying out full scale investigation into Vatican document leaks by Alessandro Speciale, Vatican Insider, 06/18/2012.


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DEL MESTRI, Guido
(1911-1993)

Birth. January 13, 1911, Banja Luka, now Bosnia-Erzegovina, then Austro-Hungarian Empire. He was the youngest of the the six children of Count Gian Vito Del Mestri and Baroness Marianna de Grazia. He had title of count.

Education. Initial studies in Banja Luka; then from 1929, he attended the Jesuit Lyceum, Kalksburg, Vienna, where he studied classics, 1929; later 1930 to 1937,. he resided at Almo Collegio Capranica, Rome, while studying at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned doctorates in philosophy in 1932; in theology in 1937; and in canon law in 1940; finally, he studied diplomacy at the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles, Rome, 1937-1940.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 11, 1936, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Cardinal Francesco Marchetti-Selvaggiani, vicar of Rome. Incardinated in diocese of Gorizia, Italy. Pastoral ministry and faculty member in the minor seminary, diocese of Gorizia, 1937-1938. Further studies, 1938-1940. Attaché of the nunciature in Yugoslavia, 1940-1941. Secretary of the apostolic delegation in Lebanon, 1941-1943. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, October 21, 1941. Secretary, and later auditor, of the nunciature in Romania, 1943-1950; expelled by the Communist regime, July 1950. In the Secretariat of State, Vatican City, 1950-1951. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, October 6, 1951. As chargé d'affaires, he was charged with the opening the nunciature in Syria, 1951-1953. Chargé d'affaires, nunciature in Indonesia, 1953. Counselor in the nunciature in Germany, 1953-1959. Apostolic delegate in British Eastern and Western Africa, with residence in Nairobi, October 3, 1959. On September 23, 1960, the delegation was divided into Central-Western, Western, and Eastern. He continued as apostolic delegate in Eastern Africa, with residence in Lagos.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tuscamia, October 28, 1961. Consecrated, December 31, 1961, cathedral of the Holy Family, Nairobi, by Cardinal Laurean Rugambwa, bishop of Bukoba, assisted by Cornelius Chitsulo, bishop of Dedza, and by Ireneus Dud, titular bishop of Barcuso, apostolic vicar of of Bahr-el-Ghazal. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Received the title of pro-nuncio, November 1965. Apostolic delegate in México, September 9, 1967. Pro-nuncio in Canada, June 20, 1970. Nuncio in Germany, August 12, 1975 until August 3, 1984.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Eustachio, June 28, 1991. Promoted to the cardinalate when he was over 80 years old, and thus, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave. Chaplain, Theresienklinik Hospital, Nürenberg, Germany.

Death. August 2, 1993, Theresienklinik Hospital, Nürnberg, Germany. Buried beside the family chiesetta of Sant'Antonio, Medea, Gorizia, Italy. A plaque in his memory was placed above the vault where he is buried (1).

(1) This is the text of the inscription, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

QUI RIPOSA
NELLA PACE
DEL MESTRI CARD. GUIDO

MEDEA 2005

Bibliography. Bergh, Hendrik van. Botschafter des Papstes : 400 Jahre Nuntius in Deutschland, dem Apostolischen Nuntius, Erzbischof Guido Del Mestri, zu seinem Abschied von Deutschland. Berg, Starnberger See 3 : Türmer Verlag, 1984, pp. 282-298; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des évêques catholiques du Canada. Les diocèses catholiques canadiens des Églises latine et orientales et leurs évêques; repères chronologiques et biographiques, 1658-2002. Ottawa : Wilson & Lafleur, 2002. (Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), pp. 268-269.

Links. Photographs and biograby by Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave; biography by Gerhard Heger, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon; photographs, arms and biography, in German, Wikipedia; photograph, arms, tomb and biographical data, in English, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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DESKUR, Andrzej Maria
(1924-2011)

Birth. February 29, 1924, Deskur Palace in Sancygniów, diocese of Kielce, Poland. Of a noble Polish family of French origin. Son of Andrzej Ludwika Deskur and Stanisława Janina z Kosseckich. He had three brothers, Józef Maria, Stanisław Maria, Antoni Maria (died in 2008), and a sister, Wanda. He was baptized in the parish of Sts. Peter and Paul, Sancygniów; his baptismal name was Andrzej Maria Michał. His first name is also listed as Andrew M.; and his last name as Descours.

Education. Initial studies at the Gymnasium of Jaśle, 1933 to 1937; then, he studied at the Gymnasium Sniadecki in Kielce; he studied at Jagellonian University, Kraków, obtaining a doctorate in canon and civil law in 1945; he was the secretary of "Bratniak", at the time, the most important academic organization, whose president was Karol Wojtyla; they remained close friends throughout their lives. He entered the Seminary of Kraków in November 1945; on November 1, 1946, he received the tonsure and in the same mass, Father Karol Wojtyla was ordained a priest; in 1948, he was sent by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Kraków, to study at the Catholic University, Fribourg, Switzerland, where he obtained a doctorate in moral theology, specialty in social sciences. He also studied at the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles, Rome, the Vatican school of diplomacy.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 20, 1950, in the parish church of St. Bonnet-les-Oules, France, by Cardinal Pierre-Marie Gerlier, archbishop of Lyon. In that parish is the French branch of the family, estate of Descours. Incardinated in the archdiocese of Kraków. Further studies and pastoral ministry in France and Switzerland, 1950-1952. Joined the Vatican Secretariat of State, September 1952. Undersecretary of the Pontifical Commission for Cinema, Radio and Television, October 1, 1952. Collaborated in the redaction of the encyclical Miranda prorsus, concerning the means of social communication, issued by Pope Pius XII on September 8, 1957. Privy chamberlain supernumerary of His Holiness, November 17, 1958. Secretary of the Secretariat for the Press, preparatory phase of the Second Vatican Council, 1960-1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965 as an expert; he formed part of the conciliar commissions for bishops, the clergy, the laity, press and spectacles; along with Bishop Karol Wojtyla, auxiliary of Kraków, he made a significant contribution to the preparation of the conciliar Constitution on the Church Gaudium et Spes; and of the decree Inter mirifica; in the framework of the implementation of this conciliar decree, he contributed to the publication of the pastoral instruction Communio et Progressio; and held a series of continental meetings with the Episcopal Commissions for Social Communications. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, June 13, 1964. Undersecretary of the Pontifical Commission for Social Communications, 1964; its secretary, January 9, 1970; and its president, September 1973. He was one of the promoters of the radio station "Radio Veritas" for countries in Asia and Oceania. He visited about 70 countries on five continents. In 1966, 1967 and 1974, he accompanied Archbishop Agostino Casaroli, chairman of the committee for relations of the Holy See with the government of Poland; his first diplomatic trips were to Warsaw, Gniezno, Poznań and Warmia. For several years he was one of the few connectors between the Church in Poland and the Vatican.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tene, June 17, 1974. Consecrated, June 30, 1974, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope Paul VI, assisted by Giovanni Benelli, titular archbishop of Tusuro, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, archbishop emeritus of Bangalore, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto was Veritas vos liberabit. On August 15, 1974, he celebrated in St. Mary's Church, Kraków, his first mass as bishop. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974; the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. He was wheelchair-bound since October 13, 1978, after suffering a stroke, which paralyzed the left side of his body, while he was preparing to celebrate mass. In one of the very first actions of his pontificate, Pope John Paul II, hearing that Bishop Deskur had suffered a crippling stroke on the eve of the conclave, rushed to the Gemelli Polyclinic to visit his friend on the day after his election. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979. Promoted to archbishop, February 15, 1980. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 29 to September 28, 1983. President emeritus of the Pontifical Council of Social Communications, April 8, 1984. He was the initiator of the first religious broadcast using artificial satellites.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Cesareo in Palatio, May 25, 1985. President of the Pontifical Academy of the Immaculate Conception, Rome, January 24, 1987. In 1991, he received an honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Theology of the Pontifical Academy of Theology in Kraków. He was awarded, among others, the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic and the Grand Cross of the Order of Malta. Opted for order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title, January 29, 1996. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, February 29, 2004. On October 10, 2006, he was awarded by President Lech Kaczynski of Poland the Order of White Eagle. During all his years in Rome, he performed his priestly and episcopal ministry in numerous parishes. For fifteen years he devoted himself to the office of spiritual director at the pre-seminary St. Pius X. As a cardinal he was very involved in the matter of diplomatic relations between the Holy See and Israel.

Death. September 3, 2011, at 6 p.m., in his apartment at Palazzo San Carlo, in Vatican City. Upon learning the news of his death, Pope Benedict XVI sent a telegram of condolence to Cardinal Stanisław Dziwisz, archbishop of Kraków, Poland. The exequial liturgy took place on Tuesday September 6, 2011, at 11:30 a.m., in the Altar of the Chair of the Papal Vatican Basilica, It was presided over by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the College of Cardinals, in the name of Pope Benedict XVI. Cardinal Sodano also pronounced the homily. Twenty-five cardinals concelebrated, including Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State, José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F., prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints, and Franciszek Macharski, archbishop emeritus of Kraków, on behalf of the diocese to which the late cardinal belonged. In Kraków, on Monday September 12, 2011, Cardinal Macharski celebrated the funeral mass at the Shrine of Blessed Pope John Paul II, next to the Shrine of Divine Mercy, Kraków. Cardinal Dziwisz delivered the homily. The late cardinal was buried in the crypt of the shrine in a specially constructed marble sarcophagus (1).

Bibliography. Prokop, Krzysztof Rafał. Polscy kardynałowie. Kraków : Wydawnictwo WAM, 2001, pp. 353-362.

Links. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; photographs and biography, in English, Official Website of the Deskur Family; photographs and biography, in Polish, Stowarzyszenie Rodziny Deskurów; his arms and biography, in Polish, Wikipedia; his arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; photographs and biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; The death of Deskur, Wojtyla' "Pope Maker", Vatican Insider, La Stampa; Close friend of John Paul II, Cardinal Deskur of Poland passes away at 87, video, in English, Rome Reports.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his sarcophagus, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

SALVIFICI DOLORIS
ANDRZEJ MARIA KARDYNAL
DESKUR
29.II.1924 * 3.IX.2011


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DEZZA, S.J., Paolo
(1901-1999)

Birth. December 13, 1901, Parma, Italy.

Education. Joined the Society of Jesus, December 2, 1918. Jesuit houses of study in Italy, Spain, and Germany.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 25, 1928. Faculty member, Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1929-1932; moved to Davosplatz because of poor health. Took final vows, February 2, 1935. Provincial of the Veneto-Milan province, 1935-1939. Rector and faculty member of the Pontifical Philosophical Faculty, Galarate, Italy, September 24, 1939. Faculty member and rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, August 5, 1941. Faculty member, St. Robert Bellarmino College, Rome, 1951-1965. General delegate for the Jesuit International Houses, 1951-1962. Secretary general of the International Federation of Catholic Universities; faculty member, Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum. General assistant of the Society of Jesus, 1965. Regional assistant for Italy. Confessor to Popes Paul VI and John Paul I from 1966 until 1978. Admonitor to the Superior General, 1973. President of the Commission of Superior Studies of the Society of Jesus, 1974. Appointed by the pope pontifical delegate to the Society of Jesus, October 5, 1981; occupied the post until September 13, 1983.

Episcopate. Requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal ordination because of advanced age and the dispensation was granted by Pope John Paul II.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio, June 28, 1991. Promoted to the cardinalate when he was over 80 years old, and thus, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave.

Death. Friday December 17, 1999, in Rome. The requiem mass was celebrated on Monday December 20, by Pope John Paul II at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Buried, temporarily, in the mausoleum of the Society of Jesus in Campo Verano cemetery, Rome (1). The remains were transferred to the church of S. Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio, Rome, on Sunday December 17, 2006, and buried in a marble sarcophagus (2). He is buried near the tomb of Cardinal S. Roberto Bellarmino, S.J.

Links. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; photographs and biography by Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal Paolo Dezza, 98; Guided the Jesuits by Alessandra Stanley, The New York Times, December 22, 1999; Esequie del Cardinale Paolo Dezza. Omelia di Giovanni Paolo II, Basilica Vaticana - Lunedì, 20 dicembre 1999; Il Card. Paolo Dezza, Uomo Fedele by N. Venturini, Eco dei Gesuiti, Popoli On Line.

(1) This was the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+
R.P. PAOLO DEZZA S.J.
CARDINALE
N·13·12·1901 - M·17·12·1999

(2) This is the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

QUI
NEL SUO TITOLO
RIPOSA
IL CARDINALE PAOLO DEZZA S.I.
FEDELE SERVITORE
DELLA SEDE APOSTOLICA E DELLA COMPAGNIA DI GESÙ
PARMA 13.12.1901 ROMA 17.12.1999


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DIAS, Ivan
(1936-

Birth. April 14, 1936, Mumbai, then Bombay, India. His baptismal name is Ivan Cornelius.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Bombay; at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome; and at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in canon law. He speaks Hindu, English, Italian, Spanish and French.

Priest. Ordained, December 8, 1958, Bombay, by Cardinal Valerian Gracias, archbishop of Bombay. Pastoral ministry in Bombay, 1958-1961. Further studies, Rome, 1961-1964. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, December 4, 1964 (title changed to chaplain of His Holiness, 1968). Worked in the secretariat of State preparing the visit of Pope Paul VI to the International Eucharistic Congress of Bombay, 1964. From 1965 to 1973, secretary of nunciatures in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Iceland, Finland, Indonesia, Madagascar, La Reunion Island, Comore Island and Mauritius. From 1973 to 1982, in the secretariat of State, head of the section for the Soviet Union, the Baltic States, Belarus, Ukraine, Poland, Bulgaria, China, Viet Nâm, Laos, Cambodia, South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Zambia, Kenya and Tanzania.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Rusubisir and appointed pro-nuncio in Ghana, Togo and Benin, May 8, 1982. Consecrated, June 19, 1982, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, secretary of State, assisted by Achille Silvestrini, titular archbishop of Novaliciana, secretary of the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church, and by Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, archbishop emeritus of Bangalore, secretary of the S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto is Servus. Nuncio in Korea, June 20, 1987. Nuncio in Albania, October 28, 1991. Apostolic administrator of the apostolic administration of Southern Albania, 1992-1996. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Bombay, November 8, 1996; occupied the post until his appointment as prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, May 20, 2006. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 19 to May 14, 1998.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of Spirito Santo alla Ferratella, February 21, 2001. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, March 10, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001; president delegate. Special papal envoy to the celebrations programmed in Tirana, April 25, 2003, for the 10th anniversary of the papal visit to Albania. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; by papal appointment. Named prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Urbanian University, May 20, 2006. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the centennial of the evangelization of Ghana, which will take place in Navrongo on April 23, 2007. Special papal envoy to the opening of the Jubilee Year for the 150th anniversary of the apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary to St. Bernadette Soubirous, in the Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes, France, December 8, 2007. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the New Christian Millennium in Ethiopia, which took place in Addis Abeba from May 2 to 4, 2008, in the occasion of the Ethiopian National Eucharistic Congress. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". Special papal envoy to the closing celebrations of the Jubilar Year of the Church in Việt Nam (in the 350th anniversary of the creation of the first two apostolic vicariates and the 50th anniversary of the institution of the Catholic hierarchy), held in the Marian Shrine of La Vang on January 4 to 6, 2011. On May 10, 2011, the pope accepted his resignation from the post of prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples for having reached the age limit. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Variety of experience gives cardinal from India high profile, Catholic News Service, Apr-1-2005.


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DULLES, S.J., Avery
(1918-2008)

Birth. August 24, 1918, Auburn, diocese of Rochester, United States. His baptismal name was Avery Robert. Son of John Foster Dulles, United States Secretary of State, and Janet Pomeroy Avery Dulles; nephew of Allen Welsh Dulles, founding administrator of the Central Intelligence Agency; great-grandson of John Watson Foster, secretary of State of the United States; great-grandson of Theodore Medad Pomeroy, MC, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Education. Attended primary school in New York City and secondary education at private schools in Switzerland and New England. Raised a Presbyterian, he was a self-professed agnostic when he entered Harvard University in 1936. He converted to Catholicism on November 26, 1940. After graduation, served in intelligence in the Naval Reserve. In 1945 was decorated with the Croix de Guerre for his work in communication with the French navy. Later in 1945, he contracted polio in Naples, Italy. Joined the Society of Jesus, August 14, 1946, New York Province. Instructor of Philosophy, Fordham University, Bronx, New York, 1951-1953. Obtained a doctorate in theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1960.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 16, 1956, Fordham University, New York, by Cardinal Francis Spellman, archbishop of New York. He was moderator of the freshman and sophomore Sodality of Our Lady, which included as its prefect sophomore Theodore McCarrick, later cardinal and archbishop of Washington, D.C. Later he was a member of the faculties of Woodstock College and of the Catholic University of America. From 1988 he was the Laurence J. McGinley Professor of Religion and Society at Fordham University. Member of the International Theological Commission, 1991-1997. He held fifteen visiting professorships and numerous positions in theological organizations including the presidency of the Catholic Theological Society of America and the American Theological Society, which was founded by a group of Protestant theologians including his grandfather Allen Macy Dulles, a distinguished Presbyterian theologian. Consultor to the Committee on Doctrine of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops. Considered as the preeminent American Catholic theologian, he received numerous awards. Among them, Phi Beta Kappa, the National Catholic Book Award, the Religious Education Forum Award, as well as the Cardinal Spellman Award for distinguished achievement in theology. He also received 21 honorary doctorates and was well known internationally as an author and a lecturer. He published 21 books and over 650 articles, essays and reviews (1). Many of his writings interpret and communicate the messages of the Vatican II Ecumenical Council.

Episcopate. Requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal ordination and the dispensation was granted by Pope John Paul II.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the deaconry of SS. Nomi di Gesù e Maria in via Lata, February 21, 2001. Promoted to the cardinalate when he was over 80 years old, and thus, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave.

Death. Friday December 12, 2008, at 6:30 a.m., at the infirmary of the Jesuit community in Fordham University, New York. Three masses were celebrated for the repose of the soul of the cardinal: Tuesday, December 16, at 7:30 p.m. in the University Church; Wednesday, December 17, at 7:30 p.m. in the University Church; Thursday, December 18, at 2 p.m. at St. Patrick's Cathedral with Cardinal Edward Michael Egan, archbishop of New York, officiating as representative of the pope. The cardinal's family received visitors in the University Church on Tuesday and Wednesday afternoons from 2 to 5 p.m. The late cardinal was buried in the Jesuit cemetery at Auriesville, New York, near the Shrine of the North American Martyrs (2). His red hat (galero) hangs in the Fordham University Church, in front of the stained glass window of the North American martyrs.

Bibliography. Carey, Patrick W. Avery Cardinal Dulles, SJ : a model theologian, 1918-2008. New York : Paulist Press, 2010. Contents: Dulles family heritage -- Home and education, 1920-1940 -- Becoming a Catholic, 1937-1941 -- The Navy years, 1941-1946 -- Becoming a Jesuit, 1946-1958 -- From the Gregorian to Woodstock, 1958-1965 -- From Vatican II to the closing of Woodstock, 1966-1974 -- Models theology for turbulent times, 1966-1974 -- A chastened progressivism, 1974-1988 -- The moderate middle in theology, 1974-1988 -- The ecumenist, 1971-1996 -- Theology for a postcritical age, 1988-2000 -- Evangelization and faith, 1988-2008 -- Interpreting Vatican II and the Church, 1988-2008 -- The Cardinal, 2001-2008 -- The last years; The legacy of Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J.: His words and his witness. Edited by Ann-Marie Kirmse; and Michael Canaris. Preface by Cardinal Theodore E. McCarrick. New York : Fordham University Press, 2011.

Links. Pope appoints Fordham theologian a cardinal, in English; ; his photograph, arms, curriculum vitae, and biography, in English; photograph and biography, in English; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Avery Dulles' 3rd anniversary, in English, Communio, blog by Paul A. Zalonski.

(1) These are the works he wrote, cited in the Fordham University web site: Princeps Concordiae: Pico della Mirandola and the Scholastic Tradition. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1941; A Testimonial to Grace. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1946. Italian translation, 1959; Spanish translation, 1963; Introductory Metaphysics (in collaboration with J. M. Demske and R. J. O'Connell). New York: Sheed and Ward, 1955; Apologetics and the Biblical Christ. Westminster, Md.: Newman Press, 1963; London: Burns, Oates, 1964. French translation, 1965; Korean translation, 1969; Polish translation, 1971; Chinese (Taiwan) translation, 1972; The Dimensions of the Church. Westminister, Md.: Newman Press, 1967; Revelation and the Quest for Unity. Washington, D.C.: Corpus Books, 1968; Revelation Theology: A History. New York: Herder and Herder, 1969; London: Burns, Oates, 1970. German translation: 1970; Spirit, Faith, and Church (in collaboration with W. Pannenberg and Carl E. Braaten). Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1970. German translation, 1971; The Survival of Dogma. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971; Image Books paperback edition, 1973; reprint, New York: Crossroad, 1982. French translation, 1975; The History of Apologetics. London: Hutchinson, 1971; Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1971, and New York: Corpus Books, 1971; reprint, Eugene: Oregon: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 1999; second edition, San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2005; Models of the Church. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1974, expanded edition, 1987, expanded edition with new appendix, 2002, digital edititions, 2002; Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1976; Spanish translation, 1975; Portuguese translation, 1978; Indonesian translation, 1990; Hungarian translation, 2003; Italian translation, 2005.; Church Membership as a Catholic and Ecumenical Problem (1974 Père Marquette Lecture). Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 1974; reprinted in 1981. The Resilient Church. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1977; Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1977; A Church to Believe In: Discipleship and the Dynamics of Freedom. New York: Crossroad, 1982; paperback edition, 1983; Models of Revelation. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1983; Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1983; Doubleday Image paperback edition, 1985; reprint with new introduction, Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1992; The Church: A Bibliography (in collaboration with Patrick Granfield). Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier, 1985; The Catholicity of the Church. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985; Oxford Scholarship On-Line, 2003; The Reshaping of the Catholicism. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1988; The Craft of Theology: From Symbol to System . New York: Crossroad, 1992, expanded edition, 1995; Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1992. Spanish translation, 2003; The Assurance of Things Hoped For: A Theology of Christian Faith. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994; paperback edition, 1997. Italian translation, 1997; A Testimonial to Grace and Reflections on a Theological Journey (fiftieth anniversary edition). Kansas City, Missouri: Sheed and Ward, 1996; Polish translation, 2004; The Priestly Office . New York/Mahwah, New Jersey: Paulist Press, 1997; German translation, 2004; Polish translation, 2005; The Theology of the Church: A Bibliography (in collaboration with Patrick Granfield). New York/Mahwah, New Jersey: Paulist Press, 1999; The Splendor of Faith: The Theological Vision of Pope John Paul II. New York: Crossroad, 1999; revised and updated edition, 2003; Polish translation, 2003; The New World of Faith. Huntington, Indiana: Our Sunday Visitor, 2000; Newman. London/ New York: Continuum, 2002; Magisterium: Teacher and Guardian of the Faith. Naples, Florida: Ave Maria Press of Sapientia University, 2007; Articles: Over 800 articles and book reviews on theological subjects (revelation, Church, faith, apologetics, ecumenism) in periodicals including: America; American Ecclesiastical Review; Catholic Mind; Chicago Studies; Church; Civiltà cattolica; Commonweal; Communio ( St. Louis); Concilium; Crisis; Dialog; Downside Review; Expository Times; First Things; Journal of Ecumenical Studies; Journal of Religion; Living Light; Logos; New Oxford Review; Orientierung (Zurich); Origins; Pro Ecclesia; Stimmen der Zeit (Munich); Studies (Dublin); Tablet (London); Theological Studies; Theologie und Glaube (Paderborn); Theologische Quartalschrift (Tübingen); Theology Digest; Theology Today; Thomist; Thought; Worship; Contributor to Encyclopedias including: Encyclopedia Britannica; Encyclopedia of Religion; New Catholic Encyclopedia.
(2) This is the inscription in his tombstone, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+
IHS
AVERY CARDINAL DULLES, S.J.
BORN AUGUST 24, 1918
ENTERED AUGUST 14, 1946
CREATED CARDINAL FEBRUARY 21, 2001
CARDINAL DEACON OF THE CHURCH OF
THE HOLY NAMES OF JESUS AND MARY
DIED DECEMBER 12, 2008
SCIO CUI CREDIDI
R.I.P.


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