The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
(1903-2011)
D

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DADAGLIO, Luigi
(1914-1990)

Birth. September 28, 1914, Sezzadio, diocese of Acqui, Italy.

Education. Seminary of Acqui, Acqui; Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, 1938-1942 (doctorate in utroque iuris, both canon and civil law, July 6, 1942); Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome, 1941-1943 (diplomacy).

Priesthood. Ordained, May 22, 1937, Acqui. Coadjutor in Canelli, diocese of Acqui, 1937-1938. Further studies, Rome, 1938-1942. Joined the Vatican secretariat of State, section of Ordinary Affairs, 1942. Secretary in the nunciature in Haiti and Dominican Republic, 1946-1950. Auditor in the apostolic delegation, United States, 1950-1953; in the apostolic delegation in Canada, 1953-1954; in the apostolic delegation in Australia, 1954-1958. Counselor in the nunciature in Colombia, 1958-1960. In charge, provisionally, of the nunciature in Venezuela, April 1960. Nuncio in Venezuela, November 18, 1960.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Lero, October 28, 1961. Consecrated, December 8, 1961, church of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio al Monte Celio, Rome, by Cardinal Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, secretary of State, assisted by Angelo Dell'Acqua, titular archbishop of Calcedonia, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Giuseppe dell'Omo, bishop of Acqui. His episcopal motto was Sola virtus manet. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Nuncio in Spain, July 8, 1967. Secretary of the Congregation for Sacraments and Divine Worship, October 4, 1980. Pro-penitentiary major, April 8, 1984.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Pio V a Villa Carpegna, May 25, 1985. Penitentiary major, May 27, 1985. Attended the Second General Assembly of the College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 21 to 23, 1985; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, December 15, 1986. President, Central Committee of Marian Year, February 11, 1987. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Resigned penitentiary, April 6, 1990.

Death. August 22, 1990, while hospitalized at Rome's "Policlinico Gemelli", where he had been interned for several days with a heart ailment. Buried in the family plot in Sezzadio.

Link. Photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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D'ALTON, John Francis
(1882-1963)

Birth. October 11, 1882, Claremorris, archdiocese of Tuam, Ireland. His father owned a successful wholesale and retail business. His uncle, Monsignor Edward Alfred D'Alton, was the vicar general of the archdiocese of Tuam.

Education. Initial education under the local Sister of Mercy; Blackrock College, Dublin, September 1895 until 1901 (honors matriculation) (among his contemporaries was Éamon de Valera, future president of Ireland); Holy Cross College, Cloniffe (studies for the priesthood) 1901-1904; Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide," Rome, 1904-1908 (doctorate summa cum laude in divinity); University of Oxford, Oxford; Cambridge University, Cambridge; The Royal University, Dublin; National University, Dublin, 1910 (M.A. in ancient classics).

Priesthood. Ordained, April 18, 1908, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Cardinal Pietro Respighi, vicar of Rome. Further studies at Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin, 1908-1910. Chaplain to St. Vincent's Orphanage, Glasnevin, 1909. Lecturer in classics at the National Seminary, Maynooth, 1910-1942; professor of Greek, 1922; rector, 1936-1942. Member of the academic senate; and vice-chancellor, National University, Dublin, 1912-1924. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, June 27, 1938. Author of the "D'Alton Plan for political union".

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Binda and appointed coadjutor of Meath, with right of succession, April 25, 1942. Consecrated, June 29, 1942, chapel of Saint Patrick`s College, Maynooth, by Cardinal Joseph MacRory, archbishop of Armagh and primate of Ireland, assisted by Edward Mulhern, bishop of Dromore, and by William MacNeely, bishop of Raphoe. His episcopal motto was Iudicium sine ira. Succeeded to the see of Meath, June 16, 1943. Promoted to the primatial and metropolitan see of Armagh, June 13, 1946.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of January 12, 1953; received the red hat and the title of S. Agata dei Goti, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, January 15, 1953. He deplored the use of violence as a means for political expression and unequivocally condemned the Irish Republican Army (I.R.A.). In August 1956, he held a Plenary Council of the Irish Church, the first since 1927, at St. Patrick's College, Maynooth. Participated in the conclave of 1958, which elected Pope John XXIII. In 1961, he celebrated the Patrician Year to commemorate the 15th centenary of the death of St. Patrick. Attended the first session of the Second Vatican Council, 1962. He had been suffering from ill health for several months. Despite his condition, he left the Dublin Nursing Home, in which he lived his last years and where he eventually died, to attend an Ecumenical Conference in Rome, and while staying there, he also resided in a nursing home. A week before his death, he left the Dublin Home again to attend the funeral of Cardinal William Godfrey in London.

Death. February 1, 1963, from a heart attack, in Dublin. Buried in the grounds of St. Patrick's metropolitan cathedral, Armagh (1).

Bibliography. John D'Alton, cardinal: an illustrated brochure describing the career of Ireland's cardinal Belfast : Marcon Press, 1953; Ó Corráin, Daithí. "The Quiet Leader: The Episcopacy of John Cardinal D'Alton, 1946-63." Seanchas Ard Mhaca, Journal of the Armagh Diocesan Historical Society, XXI, no 1, (2006), 285-322.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the inscription on his grave monument, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+ ORATE
PRO ANIMA
IOANNIS
D'ALTON
VIRI MITIS
ET HUMILIS
CORDE
PRESBYTERI
CARDINALIS
ARCHIEPISCOPI
ARMACHANI ET
TOTIUS HIBERNIAE
PRIMATIS
NATUS XI OCTOBRIS
MDCCCLXXXII
OBIT I FEBRUARII
MCMLXIII


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DALY, Cahal Brendan
(1917-2009)

Birth. October 1, 1917, village of Loughguile, on the edge of the Glens of Antrim, diocese of Down and Connor, Ireland. Third of the seven children of Charles Daly, a primary school teacher originally from Keadue in Co Roscommon, and Susan Connolly, from Co Antrim; the other siblings were John, Nicholas, Margaret, Sheila, Rosaleen and Patrick. As a child in North Antrim, he saw the Irish Republican Army (IRA) burn his home in an attack on police billeted next door.

Education. Primary education, St. Patrick's National School, Loughguile; secondary education, as a boarder, at St. Malachy's College, Belfast, August 25, 1930-1934, where novelist Brian Moore was a contemporary; Queen's University, Belfast, September 1934-1937 (classics degree); St. Patrick's College, Maynooth (Ireland's national seminary), September 1937-1941 (philosophy and theology; master's thesis: "The Church in North Africa in the time of Tertulian", August 1938; doctorate in divinity, 1944); sabbatical year, 1952-1953, took courses in theology and philosophy in Paris at Institut Catholique (licentiate in philosophy), La Sorbonne University; Collège de France. He has said he does not remember any time when he did not want to be a priest.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 22, 1941, College Chapel, St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, by Daniel Mageean, bishop of Down and Connor. From 1941-1967: further studies; Classics master in St Malachy's College, Belfast, 1945-1946; In 1946 lecturer in Scholastic Philosophy at Queen's University, Belfast, from 1946; reader in Scholastic Philosophy at Queen's University, Belfast, 1963 to 1967. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965, as assistant to William Philbin, bishop of Down and Connor, and to Cardinal William Conway, archbishop of Armagh.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise, May 26, 1967. Consecrated, July 16, 1967, St. Mel's cathedral, Longford, by Cardinal William Conway, archbishop of Armagh, assisted by Giuseppe Maria Sensi, titular archbishop of Sardes, nuncio in Portugal, and by Neil Farren, bishop of Derry. His episcopal motto was Jesus Christus heri et hodie. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Transferred to see of Down and Connor, August 24, 1982. He frequently used that pulpit to denounce the killings and policies of the IRA and its allied Sinn Fein party. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Promoted to metropolitan and primatial see of Armagh, November 6, 1990.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the title of S. Patrizio, June 28, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, October 1, 1996. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, October 1, 1997. He has written extensively on philosophy as well as on the conflict in Northern Ireland and continued to study after his retirement. He was prominent in the Irish Catholic bishops' delegation to the New Ireland Forum in 1983 and contributed to the work of the Forum for Peace and Reconciliation, established after the first IRA ceasefire of 1994. He is also believed to have been the author of Pope John Paul II's Drogheda speech in September 1979 appealing to the IRA to end its violence.

Death. December 31, 2009, of cardiac failure after a long history of heart trouble, at 6.45 p.m., in the presence of relatives and friends, at the coronary care unit of Belfast City Hospital. The remains of the late cardinal arrived at Belfast's St. Peter's cathedral at noon on Saturday January 2, 2010, where they reposed. On Sunday at 5.30 p.m., the remains were transferred to St. Patrick's cathedral in Armagh. The funeral mass was held at noon on Tuesday January 5, 2010. He was buried in the cathedral grounds beside his three immediate predecessors: Cardinals Tomás O'Fiach, William Conway and John D'Alton (1). He was survived by his sister Rosaleen, his brother Patrick and sisters-in-law Barbara and Mavis, his nieces and nephews, and extended family. Statements lamenting his death and praising his life were issued by the Primate of all-Ireland Cardinal Seán Brady, his successor; President Mary McAleese of Ireland; Taoiseach Brian Cowen; Fine Gael leader Enda Kenny; Northern Ireland's deputy first minister Martin; former Great Britain Prime Minister Tony Blair; the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland, The Most Rev. Alan Harper; the Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, Dr Stafford Carson; and the President of the Methodist Church in Ireland, the Rev Donald P Ker, among others.

Bibliography. Daly, Cahal B. ; Worrall, A. S. Ballymascanlon : an Irish venture in inter-church dialogue. Belfast : Christian Journals ; Dublin : Veritas Publication, 1978; Daly, Cahal B. The breaking of bread: biblical reflections on the Eucharist. Dublin: Veritas, 2008. Contents: Part I: Old Testament: eucharist veiled -- Part II. New Testament: eucharist unveiled. Abstract: "I felt conscious of the fact, that so far as I knew, no book on the Eucharist in English provided such a rich biblical background to the mystery of the Eucharist and that this represented a loss to English-speaking readers, anxious to deepen their eucharistic faith and devotion. . . . [This book] is something between a book of biblical theology and a prayer book"-- Foreword; Daly, Cahal B. The minding of planet earth. Dublin : Veritas, 2004; Daly, Cahal B. Moral philosophy in Britain : from Bradley to Wittgenstein. Blackrock, Co. Dublin : Four Courts Press, 1996; Daly, Cahal B. Morals, law, and life. Chicago : Scepter, 1966; Daly, Cahal B. Peace, the work of justice : addresses on the northern tragedy 1973-79. Dublin : Veritas, 1980; Daly, Cahal B. Philosophical papers. Dublin : Four Courts Press, 2007; Daly, Cahal B. The price of peace. Belfast : Blackstaff Press, 1991; Daly, Cahal B. Steps on my pilgrim journey : memories and reflections. Dublin, Ireland : Veritas Publications, 1998; Daly, Cahal B. Tertullian the Puritan and his influence : an essay in historical theology. Blackrock : Four Courts Press, 1993; Daly, Cahal B. Violence in Ireland and Christian conscience : from addresses given by Cahal B. Daly.. Dublin : Veritas Publications, 1973.

Links. Photograph, arms and biography, in English, archdiocese of Armagh; his portrait by David Hone, Queen's University, Belfast, The Public Catalogue Foundation, BBC, and his arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his grave monument, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

CAHAL BRENDAN
CARDINAL DALY
ARCHBISHOP OF ARMAGH
PRIMATE OF ALL IRELAND
MCMXC - MCMXCVI
BORN AT LOUGHGUILE
1ST OCTOBER 1917
RETURNED TO THE FATHER
31ST DECEMBER 2009
LIFE TO ME
IS NOT A THING
TO WASTE WORDS ON
PROVIDED THAT WHEN
I FINISH MY RACE
I HAVE CARRIED OUT
THE MISSION THE
LORD JESUS GAVE ME
AND THAT WAS
TO BEAR WITNESS
TO THE GOOD NEWS
OF GOD'S GRACE
ACTS : 20-24


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DANIÉLOU, S.J., Jean
(1905-1974)

Birth. May 14, 1905, Neuilly-sur-Seine, archdiocese of Paris, France. Son of Charles Daniélou, an anticlerical politician, and Madeleine Clamorgan, founder of Université libre de jeunes filles. His baptismal name was Jean-Guenolé-Marie. His brother, Alain, was a renowned historian, intellectual, musicologist, and a noted Western convert to and expert on Shaivite Hinduism.

Education. University of La Sorbonne (superior studies; agrégé (grammaire, 1927). Joined the Society of Jesus, 1929. Novitiate of Laval, Laval; Scholasticate of Jersey, Jersey (philosophy, 1931-1934); Professor de première at the school Saint-Joseph de Poitiers, 1934-1936. Theologate of Lyon-Fourvière (theology, 1936-1939); Catholic Institute, Paris (doctorates in letters and theology; thesis: Platonisme et théologie mystique. Essai sur la doctrine spirituelle de saint Grégoire de Nysse, 1943).

Priesthood. Ordained, August 20, 1938. Further studies, 1938-1939. Served in the Frech army, 1939-1940. Faculty member of Jesuit school, Poitiers, 1940-1941. Staff member of the journal Études, 1941-1969; its editor, 1944-1969; he lived for decades at the residence of the journal but moved to the convent of the Daughters of the Heart of Mary in his later years. Chaplain of the École normale supérieure de jeunes filles, 1942-1969. Professor of the history of the origins of Christianity at the theological faculty of the Catholic Institute, Paris, 1943-1969; dean of theological faculty, 1961-1969. Pastoral ministry with university students, 1944-1969. Founder, with Father Henri de Lubac, future cardinal, of the collection Sources chrétiennes, 1944. Founder of Cercle Saint-Jean-Baptiste, 1944. Contributor to Revue Dieu Vivant, 1945-1956. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965, as an expert. Founder of the Institut de science et de théologie des religions (ISTR) in 1967 at the Catholic Institut, Paris.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Taormina, April 11, 1969. Consecrated, April 19, 1969, Saint-Joseph-des-Carmes, Catholic Institute, Paris, by Cardinal-designate François Marty, archbishop of Paris, assisted by Julien Gouet, titular bishop of Auguro, auxiliary of Paris, and by Daniel Pézeril, titular bishop of Reperi, auxiliary of Paris. His episcopal motto was Fluvium aquae vita.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of April 28, 1969; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Saba, April 30, 1969. Attended First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969. Elected member of the Academie Française, November 9, 1972; reception, November 22, 1972; succeeded Cardinal Eugène Tisserant. Knight of the Légion d'honneur. He published numerous theological works (1).

Death. May 20, 1974, suddenly and unexpectedly, of a heart attack, in the stairs of a brothel on 56, Rue Dulong, north of Boulevard des Batignolles, Paris 17e, that he was visiting as part of his priestly ministry; he used to provide pastoral care to poor people and women of Paris slums. The funeral took place at Notre-Dame metropolitan cathedral of Paris. Buried in tomb of the Society of Jesus, Vaugirard cemetery, Paris; in the same vault is buried Cardinal Henri de Lubac, S.J. (1983) (2).

Bibliography. Actualité de Jean Daniélou. Paris : Cerf, 2006. Responsibility: sous la direction de Jacques Fontaine ; messages de Benoît XVI, François-Xavier Dumortier, Jacques Briend ; textes de Frédéric-Marc Baldé, Mariette Canévet, Michel Fédou ... [et al.] ; témoignages de Maurice Druon, Jean-Marie Lustiger, Jean Daniélou; Daniélou, Jean. Memorias. Bilbao : Ediciones Mensajero, 1975; Épektasis : mélanges patristiques offerts au cardinal Jean Daniélou. Publiés par Jacques Fontaine et Charles Kannengiesser. Paris : Beauchesne, 1972. Contents: I. Exégèse, hagiographie, liturgie -- II. Origène et la tradition Alexandrine -- III. Grégoire de Nysse et la Cappadoce chrétienne -- IV. Le christianisme sous Théodose --V. Contributions diverses; Jore, Alexander. Épiscopologe Français de 1592 à 1973. Mis à jour et continué jusqu'en 2004. Complément de l'article "France" du Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastiques t. XVIII, colonnes 161 à 532. Pro-Manuscripto, 25 - III- 2004, no. 3160; Lebeau, Paul. Jean Daniélou. Paris, Éditions Fleurus, 1967; Pizzuto, Pietro. La teologia della rivelazione di Jean Daniélou : influsso su Dei verbum e valore attuale. Roma : Pontificia Università Gregoriana, 2003. (Tesi gregoriana.; Serie Teologia ; 96); Rondeau, Marie-Joséphe. Jean Daniélou, 1905-1974. Paris : Éditions du Cerf : Axes, 1975.

Links. Biography, in French, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; La mort du Cardinal Jean Daniilou : les faits authentiques by Emmanuelle de Boysson, Vivre pour la Vérité, lundi 6 octobre 2008; Cardinal Jean Daniélou S.J., Memorial, by Eman Bonnici, Find a Grave; Daniélou, la verità usurpata by Jonah Lynch - Vicerector of Fraternità San Carlo Borromeo, Avvenire (Cultura), 8 maggio 2012; For the Cardinal Under Ban, the Quarantine Has Ended by Sandro Magister, Chiesa, May 11, 2012.

(1) This is a list of his books, taken from the site of the Academie Française, linked above: Le signe du temple (1943); Platonisme et théologie mystique (1944); Le mystère du salut des nations (Le Seuil, 1946); Origéne (1948); Bible et Liturgie (1950); Essai sur le mystère de l'histoire (Le Cerf, 1953); Dieu et nous (Grasset, 1956); Théologie du Judéo-Christianisme (1958); Philon d'Alexandrie (1958); Approches du Christ (Grasset, 1960); Scandaleuse vérité (1961); Les Symboles chrétiens primitifs (Le Seuil, 1961) Au commencement (1963); L'Oraison, problème politique (1965); Mythes païens -- Mystère chrétien (1966); Les Évangiles de l'enfance (Desclie de Brouwer, 1967) Tests (Beauchesne, 1968); L'avenir de la religion (1968); La Résurrection (1969); La Foi de toujours et l'homme d'aujourd'hui (Beauchesne, 1969); Lêtre et le temps chez Grégoire de Nysse (Brill, 1971); Pourquoi l'Église? (1972).
(2) This is the text of the simple inscription in their tomb kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici from Malta:

Cardinal Jean
DANIELOU
1905 - 1974
Cardinal Henri
DE LUBAC
1896 - 1991


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DANNEELS, Godfried
(1933-

Birth. June 4, 1933, Kanegem, diocese of Brugge, Belgium. He was the eldest of six siblings.

Education. Studied at the Catholic University, Louvain; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in theology. He speaks Dutch, English, French, German and Italian.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 17, 1957, Brugge, by Emil Jozef De Smedt, bishop of Brugge. Further studies, Rome, 1957-1959. Faculty member and spiritual director, Major Seminary, Brugge, 1959-1969. Successively, 1969-1977, faculty member, Catholic University, Louvain, and editor-secretary of the Flemish interdiocesan review Collationes; in charge of the permanent diaconate in the diocese of Brugge; author of several books in theology.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Antwerpen, November 4, 1977. Consecrated, December 18, 1977, by Cardinal Leo-Jozef Suenens, archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels, assisted by Emiel-Jozef De Smedt, bishop of Brugge, by Jules Victor Daem, former bishop of Antwerp, by Jean Huard, bishop of Tournai, and by Guillaume Marie van Zuylen, bishop of Liège. His episcopal motto is Apparuti humanitas Dei nostri. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Mechelen-Brussels, December 19, 1979. President of the Episcopal Conference of Belgium. Military Ordinary for Belgium, September 15, 1980. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; member of its general secretariat, 1980-1983. Attended the Special Synod of Dutch Bishops, Vatican City, January 14 to 26, 1980; one of the president delegates.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 2, 1983; received the red biretta and the title of S. Anastasia, February 2, 1983. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; its relator. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; member of its general secretariat, 1987-1990. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the 150th anniversary of the Treaty of Watangi, Christchurch, New Zealand, April 29, 1990. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; member of its general secretariat, 1990-1994. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; member of its general secretariat, 1994-1998. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Special papal envoy to Reims, France, for the celebrations of the millennium of the construction of the basilica of Saint-Remi, which took place on October 7, 2007. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 1350th anniversary of the birth of St. Willibrord, which took place in Luxembourg from May 11 to 13, 2008. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 75th anniversary of the apparitions of the "Vierge des Pauvres", which took place in the Shrine of Banneux, Belgium, on May 31, 2008. Special papal envoy to the celebrations that took place in Valenciennes, France, on September 14, 2008, for the millennium of the pilgrimage in honor of Notre-Dame du Saint-Cordon. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Mechelen-Brussels, according to canon 401, § 1 of the Code of Canon Law, on January 18, 2010. He was apostolic administrator of that see until the installation of his successor, Bishop André-Mutien Léonard of Namur, on February 28, 2010. After his retirement, he has been interrogated by Belgian courts concerning his knowledge about priests accused of sexual abuse against minors. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on June 4, 2013.

Links. Biography, in French; and photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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DANTE, Enrico
(1884-1967)

Birth. July 5, 1884, Rome, Italy. Son of Achille Dante, a devoted supporter of Giuseppe Garibaldi, the Italian patriot, and Zenaide Ingegni; he had a brother who was a missionary in Brazil. To escape from the Austrian police, the father moved to Rome and died there when Enrico was eight.

Education. Secondary studies with the Fathers of Sion, Paris; resided at Almo Collegio Capranica, Rome, from 1901, while studying at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned doctorates in philosophy, theology canon law and civil law; and finally, at the Studium of the Sacred Roman Rota, Rome, where he obtained a diploma of advocate rotale.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 3, 1910, church of S. Apollinare, Rome, by Giuseppe Ceppetelli, titular Latin patriarch of Constantinople, vice-gerent of Rome. Professor of philosophy at the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide," Roma, 1911 until 1928; and of theology 1928-1947. Official in the Sacred Apostolic Penitentiary, 1913. Member of the College of Pontifical Ceremoniers, March 25, 1914. In 1923, Pope Pius XI asked him to reopen the nunciature in Paris but he declined because he had two sisters in Rome and did not want to leave them behind. Substitute adjunct of the S.C. of Rites, October 26, 1923; substitute, September 28, 1930. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, May 15, 1943. Under-secretary of the S.C. Ceremonial, May 27, 1943. Prefect of pontifical ceremonies, June 13, 1947. Pro-secretary of the S.C. of Rites, January 24, 1959; secretary, January 5, 1960. Pastoral ministry in Agro Romano and in Torre Nova, as well as in the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome. Dean of the chapter of the church of S. Maria in Monte, piazza del Popolo, Rome. Administered the sacrament of confession for forty years in the church of Sacro Cuore al Suffragio, Rome. He was an enthusiastic athlete and helped to inaugurate the Rome soccer team; he was also a mountaineer. As papal ceremoniere he participated in the conclaves of 1914, 1922, 1939, 1958 and 1963 and the coronation of Popes Benedict XV, Pius XI, Pius XII, John XXIII and Paul VI. He was the first papal master of ceremonies to assist the pope in a consecration of a bishop, Gabriel Acacius Coussa, O.S.B.A., future cardinal, of the Byzantine rite.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Carpasia, August 28, 1962. Consecrated, September 21, 1962, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Francesco Carpino, titular archbishop of Sardica, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial, and by Pietro Parente, titular archbishop of Teolemaide di Tebaide, assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office. In the same ceremony were consecrated future Cardinals Cesare Zerba, Pietro Palazzini, and Paul-Pierre Philippe, O.P. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 1965; received the red biretta and the title of S. Agata dei Goti, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, February 25, 1965. Pope Paul VI visited him in the hospital, where he was convalescing, on April 6, 1967.

Death. April 24, 1967, in the early morning, of cancer, in Rome. Buried, basilica of S. Agata dei Goti, Rome (1).

Bibliography. "Enrico Dante" in "I cenni biographici, le attività i meriti dei nuovi porporati." L'Osservatore Romano [electronic resource]. Città del Vaticano : L'Osservatore Romano, CV, n. 44 (February 22-23, 1965), p. 5; McElwain, A. R. "That man beside Pope John. Monsignor Dante is always in the picture." Catholic Digest. XXVI, 9 (July 1962), 14-18.

Links. Biography, in English; his funeral monument, arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his tomb, church of S. Agata dei Goti, Rome; his epitaph, church of S. Agata dei Goti, Rome; his bust, in that same church; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici from Malta:

HENRICVS S.R.E. CARD DANTE
PRESB. S. AGATHAE IN VRBE
ROMANVS
5.7.1884 - 24.4.1967


This is the text of his epitaph, kindly provided by Mr. Mark West, London, in a photograph:

HEIC IN SEDE HONORIS SVI
CONDITVS EST
HENRICVS S.R E. CARDINALIS DANTE
PRESB. SANCTA AGATHAE IN VRBE
ROMANVS
QVI SACRIS DISCIPLINIS EGREGIE INSTRVCTVS
AC GLORIAE CHRISTIEVSQVE ECCLESIAE
CVM PRIMIS STVDIOSVS
PER OMNENM VIVENDI CVRSVM
INSIGNEM AC FIDELEM POSSUIT OPERAM
IN HOMINVM ANIMIS FORMANDIS EXCOLENDIS
IN RELLIGIONIBVS SANCTORVM RITIBVSQVE TVTANDIS
INQVE SUMMORVM PNTIFICVS MODERANDIS
CAEREMONIS
PIE DECESSIT A.D. VIII CAL. MAI. A. MCMLXVIII
AN. LXXXII AGENS
TE IN PACE CHRISTUS


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DAOUD, Ignace Moussa I
(1930-2012)

Birth. September 18, 1930, Meskané, a village in the archeparchy of Homs, Hama et Nabk of the Syrians, Syria. Son of Daoud Moussa Daoud and Kahla Elias Dabbas. The family had six siblings, three girls and three boys. His baptismal name was Basile. His name is also listed as Ignatius Basile Moses.

Education. Initial studies at the parish school of his native village directed by Father Hanna Makdissi; in December 1941, he entered the Seminary St. Ephrem-St Benoît in Jerusalem of the French Benedictine Fathers, where he did his complementary and secondary studies; in 1948, after the war in Palestine between Jews and Arabs, the seminary was transferred to the Convent of Charfeh, Lebanon; there, he finished the last year of his secondary studies; then, he studied philosophy and theology in that same seminary; from 1949 until 1955. in 1962, he was sent to Rome to study at the Pontifical Lateran University, where he obtained a licentiate in canon law in 1964. He spoke Arabic, French and Italian.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 17, 1954, cathedral of Saint-Georges of the Catholic Syrians, Beirut, by Cardinal Ignace Gabriel I Tappouni of Antioch of the Syrians. In 1955 he returned to his diocese of origin, Homs, and was given the charges of professor of catechism at St. Joseph School; vicar of the curé of Homs; later, director of that school and curé of Homs; secretary of the archbishop; and finally, episcopal vicar general. Further studies, Rome, 1962-1964. Secretary to the Syrian patriarch, Beirut, 1965-1970. In 1970, Patriarch Ignace Antoine II Hayek named him secretary of the patriarchate; occupied the post for seven years. Defender of the matrimonial bond, patriarchal tribunal, Beirut.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Cairo of the Syrians, Egypt, by the Syrian Catholic Patriarchal Synod gathered in Charfeh, Lebanon, July 2, 1977; Paul VI assented to his election, July 22, 1977. Consecrated, September 18, 1977, church of the convent of Notre-Dame de la Délivrance, Charfeh, Daroun, Lebanon, by Ignace Antoine II Hayek, patriarch of Antioch of the Syrians, assisted by Flavien Zacharie Melki, titular archbishop of Amida dei Siri, and by Joseph Jacob Abiad, archbishop of Homs, Hama et Nabk of the Syrians. At his consecration he took the name Basile Moussa Daoud. He was enthroned in the church of Sainte-Catherine, Cairo, on October 7, 1977. Consultant, and later member of the Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Code of Canons of the Eastern Church (CCEO); and chaired the Commission for the Arabic translation of the CCEO. He built the cathedral of Notre-Dame du Rosaire, in Cairo. Promoted to archeparchy of Homs, Hama et Nabk of the Syrians by the Syrian Catholic Patriarchal Synod, July 1, 1994; Pope John Paul II assented to his promotion on July 6, 1994. Enthroned in the church of Notre-Dame Délivrance in Zeidal, Homs, on September 18, 1994. Attended Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 19 to May 14, 1998. Elected 134th patriarch of Antioch of the Syrians, October 13, 1998, Lebanon, by the Syrian Catholic Patriarchal Synod. Took the name of Ignace Moussa I. Pope John Paul II granted him the ecclesiastica communio, October 20, 1998. Enthroned as patriarch, October 25, 1998, cathedral of Notre-Dame de l'Annonciation, Beirut. He realized his first visit ad limina Apostolorum, December 12 to 20, 1998. Named prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Oriental Institute on November 25, 2000. Resigned the patriarchate of Antioch of the Syrians on January 8, 2001.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal patriarch, February 21, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. On December 5, 2004, charged by the pope, he confirmed the ecclesiastica communio to the newly elected patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans, Emmanuel III Delly, during the mass celebrated in the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Reappointed by the new pope prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Oriental Institute, April 21, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Papal delegate to the ceremony of the confirmation of the ecclesiastica communio to Antonios Naguib, new patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts. The ceremony took place on December 19, 2006 in the papal basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura, Rome. Resigned the prefecture of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, for reason of age limit, on June 9, 2007. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on September 18, 2010.

Death. April 7, 2012, at 8 a.m., of cardiovascular complications after suffering a stroke while recovering at the Roman clinic "Pio XI". Upon learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal rest of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to Patriarch Ignace Youssif III Younan of Antioch of the Syrians (1). The funeral took place in the Altar of the Cathedra of the papal Vatican basilica on April 10, 2012, presided over by Cardinal Angelo Sodano. His body was taken to Beirut on April 11, 2012, and it was laid out for the blessing and farewell in the chapel of the Holy Patriarchate of Beirut on April 13 and 14. A funeral mass, presided by Patriarch Younan, was celebrated for the repose of the soul of the cardinal at 3 p.m. on Monday April 16, 2012, at the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Annunciation, Beirut. Then, his body was buried in the crypt of the patriarchs in the monastery in Charfeh, Daroun, beside the tomb of Cardinal Ignace Gabriel I Tappouni.

Links. Photograph and biography, in French, The Syriac Catholic Youth Club; his arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Intervention by Cardinal Ignace Moussa I Daoud at the Pontifical Oriental Institute meeting on the 1950th anniversary of the arrival in India of St. Thomas the Apostle and the 450th anniversary of the death of St. Francis Xavier, Saturday, 7 December 2002, The Vatican.

(1) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Press Office of the Holy See:

Sa Béatitude Igance Youssif III Younan
Patriarche d'Antioche des Syriens
Beyrouth
Apprenant avec peine le décès de Sa Béatitude le Cardinal Ignace Moussa I Daoud, Patriarche émérite d'Antioche des Syriens et Préfet émérite de la Congrégation pour les Églises orientales, je tiens à vous exprimer mon union dans la priére avec votre Église patriarcale, avec la famille du défunt et toutes les personnes touchées par ce deuil. En ces jours où nous célébrons la résurrection du Seigneur, me souvenant des peuples de la région qui vivent des moments difficiles, je le prie d'accueillir dans sa joie et dans sa paix l'âme de ce Pasteur fidèle qui s'est dévoué avec foi et générosité au service du Peuple de Dieu. En gage de réconfort, je vous accorde de grand cur, Béatitude, la Bénédiction apostolique, ainsi qu'ux Évêques, aux prêtres, et aux fidèles du Patriarcat d'ntioche des Syriens, aux membres de la famille du défunt et à toutes les personnes qui prendront part dans l'espérance à la liturgie des obsèques.


An analogous telegram was sent by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State.


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DARMAATMADJA, S.J., Julius Riyadi
(1934-

Birth. December 20, 1934, Muntilan, Jawa Island, archdiocese of Semarang, Indonesia. Son of Joachim Djasman Darmaatmadja and Maria Siti Supartimah. He was the youngest of six brothers. Baptized on December 21, 1934, in the church of St. Antonius in Muntilan. In 1942, when Japan invaded the Dutch East Indies during the Second World War, Julius and the family had to flee to Salam.

Education. Initial studies at Kanisius School, Salam, 1940-1941; continued his studies at Negeri Semen, Salam, 1942-1943; at Wonosari, Muntilan, 1944-1947; and at Kanisius Junior High School, Muntilan, 1949; continued his secondary studies at Minor Seminary of Magelang, Magelang, 1951-1957. Joined the Society of Jesus, December 7, 1957, Giri Sonta-Kiepu, Semarang; juniorate in Girisonta, 1959-1961; took the first vows, September 8, 1959; studied philosophy at College de Nobili in Poona, India (lincensiate to achieve a degree or master of philosophy), 1961-1964; he was also tutor and teacher at the Secondary Seminary of Mertoyudan, Magelang, 1961-1964; St. Ignatius College, Kentungan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia (theology), 1966-1971; took the last vows, Semarang, February 2, 1975.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 18, 1969, church of St. Antonius, Kota Baru, Yogyakarta, by Cardinal Justinus Darmojuwono, archbishop of Semarang. For several months in 1971, he worked in the parish Marganingsih Kalasan, Yogyakarta. From 1971 to 1983, faculty member and vice-prefect of Minor Seminary St. Peter Canisius, Semarang; pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Semarang; assistant to the master of novices; rector of the Minor Seminary St. Peter Canisius, Semarang; member of the ministries commission; member of the Board of Advisors and chairman of the Archdiocesan Commission of Education, 1981-1983. Jesuit provincial of Indonesia, June 15, 1981 to 1983.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Semarang, February 19, 1983. Consecrated, June 29, 1983, Semarang, by Cardinal Justinus Darmojuwono, archbishop emeritus of Semarang, assisted by Francis Xavier Sudartanta Hadisumarta, O.C.D., bishop of Malang, and by Leo Soekoto, S.J., archbishop of Jakarta. His episcopal motto is In Nomine Jesu (Dalam nama Yesus). Military Ordinary for Indonesia, April 28, 1984. President of the Indonesian Episcopal Conference, November 17, 1988 to 1997; and 2000 to 2006.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 26, 1994; received the red biretta and the title of S. Cuore di Maria, November 26, 1994. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Jakarta, January 11, 1996. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 19 to May 18, 1998; one of its three presidents delegate; member the of the post-synodal council, May 8, 1998. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. On August 9, 2005, he was decorated with the grand star of Mahaputera by the government of the Republic of Indonesia; it was presented by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono at the State Palace, on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the independence of Indonesia. Resigned the pastoral government of the military ordinariate of Indonesia in conformity to canon 401 § 2 of the Code of Canon Law, January 2, 2006. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Jakarta on June 28, 2010, in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. He was succeeded by Archbishop Ignatius Suharyo Hardjoatmodjo, coadjutor of that same see. He resides at Jesuit Emmaus Rumiah Retreat House, a retirement home for elderly priests and prelates in Ungaran city, central Java. Did not participate in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis, for health reasons.

Link. Photographs amd biography, in Indonesian, archdiocese of Jakarta; his photograph, Araldica Vaticana; Jakarta cardinal will not take part in conclave because of poor health, two others pending, Rome Reports, 2013-02-21 18:29:19; Conclave, Cardinal Darmaatmadja renounces for "health reasons" by Mathias Hariyadi, AsiaNews, 02/21/2013 09:47; Cardinal Darmaatmadja pulls out of Conclave: Cardinal electors are now down to 116, Vatican Insider, 02/22/2013.


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DARMOJUWONO, Justinus
(1914-1994)

Birth. November 2, 1914, Godean, vicariate apostolic of Djakarta, Indonesia. Of a Muslim family; converted to Catholicism in 1932. His first name is also listed as Yustinus.

Education. Major Seminary of Jogiakarta; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 25, 1947, by Albert Soegijapranata, S.J., titular bishop of Danaba, apostolic vicar of Semarang. Faculty member of the Minor Seminary of Semarang, Indonesia, 1947-1948. Pastoral ministry in the apostolic vicariate of Semarang, 1948-1954; 1956-1962. Further studies, 1954-1956. Vicar general ot the archdiocese of Semarang, 1962-1963. Vicar capitular of the archdiocese of Semarang, 1963.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Semarang, December 10, 1963. Consecrated, April 6, 1964, Holy Rosary cathedral, Semarang, by Ottavio De Liva, titular archbishop of Heliopolis in Phoenicia, internuncio in Indonesia, assisted by Adrianus Djajasepoetra, S.J., archbishop of Djakarta, and Paul Sani Kleden, S.V.D., bishop of Denpasar. Attended the Second Vatican Council,1964-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of Ss.mi Nomi di Gesù e Maria in via Lata, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 29, 1967. President of the General Conference of Ordinaries of Indonesia, October 13, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the III Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, July 3, 1981. From October 31, 1982, he served as parish priest in a new parish, Santa Maria Fatima in Banyumanik, Semarang. Resigned the military vicariate, January 1984. He was the first Indonesian cardinal.

Death. February 3, 1994, Semarang. Buried in the Muntilann Kerkoff, Central Jawa, archdiocese of Semarang (1).

Bibliography. Justinus Darmojuwono, kardinal Indonesia pertama: aneka kesan dan kenangan. J. Hadiwikarta, penyunting. Jakarta: Obor, 1987.

Link. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+ JUSTINUS CARD. DARMOJUWONO
KARDINAL INDONESIA PBRTAMA
Lahir 2 - 11 - 1914    Wafat 3 - 2 - 1994


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DEARDEN, John Francis
(1907-1988)

Birth. October 15, 1907, Valley Falls, diocese of Providence, Rhode Island, United States. He was the first of the five children of John Sidney Dearden and Agnes Gregory.

Education. St. Mary's Seminary, Cleveland; North American College, Rome; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 8, 1932, Rome, by Cardinal Francesco Marchetti Selvaggiani, vicar general of Rome. Further studies, 1933-1934. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Cleveland, 1934-1937. Faculty member of St. Mary's Seminary, Cleveland, 1937-1944; rector, 1944-1948. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, July 19, 1945.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Sarepta and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession, of Pittsburgh, March 13, 1948. Consecrated, May 18, 1948, Saint Agnes Church, Cleveland, by Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, titular archbishop of Laodicea di Frigia, apostolic delegate in the United States, assisted by Edward Francis Hoban, bishop of Cleveland, and by Floyd Lawrence Begin, titular bishop of Sala, auxiliary of Cleveland. His episcopal motto was Servio in Evangelio. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, October 15, 1950. Succeeded to the see of Pittsburgh, December 22, 1950. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Detroit, December 18, 1958. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. President of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops/U.S. Catholic Conference, 1966-1971. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of April 28, 1969; received the red biretta and the title of S. Pio X alla Balduina, April 30, 1969. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14-16, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, July 15, 1980. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; special guest. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, October 15, 1987.

Death. August 1, 1988, from pancreatic cancer, in Southfield, archdiocese of Detroit. Buried in Holy Sepulchre Catholic Cemetery, Southfield (1).

Bibliography. Boyea, Earl. "Dearden, John Francis." New Catholic Encyclopedia. Palatine, IL. ; Washington, DC : Jack Heraty & Associates ; The Catholic University of America, 1967-1996, vol. XIX, Supplement 1989-1995, p. 101-103; Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1970-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 113; Code, Bernard. Dictionary of the American Hierarchy (1789-1964). New York : Joseph F. Wagner, 1964, p. 63.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his gravestone, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

HIS EMINENCE
JOHN CARDINAL DEARDEN
ARCHBISHOP OF DETROIT, 1958 - 1980
DIED AUG. 1, 1988


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DECOURTRAY, Albert
(1923-1994)

Birth. April 9, 1923, hamlet of L'Amiteuse, Wattignies, diocese of Lille, France. Son of Paul Eugène Decourtary and Marie Louise Virginie Pouille. His baptismal name was Albert Florent Augustin. He had a brother, Eliane, who died at 17; and two sisters, Paule and Blanche, who died at a young age.

Education. Initial studies at the Minor Seminary of Haubourdin, October 1940; entered the Grand Seminary of Lille, Lille, October 1941; military service, 1945-April 1946; completed studies at the Catholic Faculties of Lille, 1948; Pontifical Gregorian University, 1948-1951 (doctorate in theology, 1951; thesis on Nicolas Malebranche); Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, 1950-1951; Pontifical Biblical Institute, Jerusalem, July-December 1962.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1947, Lille, by Cardinal Achille Liénart, bishop of Lille. Further studies, Rome, 1948-1951; while in Rome, he was chaplain of the church of Saint-Louis des Français. Successively, 1952-1966, professor of Holy Scripture, Grand Seminary of Lille, 1952-1962; responsible for the formation of young priests of the diocese of Lille, 1958; responsible for the pastoral of the Grand Seminary of Lille, 1958; judge at the officialité of Lille, 1961; member of the episcopal commission of the clergy, 1965; vicar general of the diocese of Lille, 1966 and archdeacon of Roubaix, 1966; and responsible for the public schools chaplains.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Ippona Zárito and appointed auxiliary of Dijon, May 27, 1971. Consecrated, July 3, 1971, cathedral of Lille, by Adrien Gand, bishop of Lille, assisted by André-Jean-Marie Charles de la Brousse, bishop of Dijon, and by Jean-Baptiste-Étienne Sauvage, bishop of Annecy. His episcopal motto was In simplicitate. Transferred to the see of Dijon, April 22, 1974. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Lyon, October 29, 1981. Vice-president of the Episcopal Conference of France, 1981-1987; its president, 1987-1990. Prelate of the Mission de France, April 23, 1982. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the title of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio, May 25, 1985. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, January 20, 1986. Office of the Légion d'Honneur, 1986. Elected, for one year, president of the Council of the Christian Churches of France, November 17, 1987. Received the first prize of the Droits de l'Homme, February 5, 1988. Resigned the prelature, October 1, 1988. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the 16th centennial of the martyrdom of St. Maurice and his companions of the Theban Legion and the 16th centennial of the first basilica built in their honor, abbey of St. Maurice de Agaune, Switzerland, September 22, 1990. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Received the prize "Action humanitaire" of B' nai B' rith, November 17, 1991. Elected member of the Academie Française, June 1, 1993; reception, March 10, 1994 (1). He resided at 1 place de Fourvière, Lyon 5ème (Rhône).

Death. September 16, 1994, at 5:30 p.m., of a cerebral hemorrhage, while hospitalized shortly after collapsing in his apartment and falling into a deep coma from which he never emerged, in Hôpital Louis Pradel, 59 boulevard Pinel, in Bron, a bordering commune of Lyon. The funeral took place on September 22, 1994, presided over by Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, in the metropolitan and primatial cathedral of Saint-Jean-Baptiste of Lyon; after the funeral he was buried in the crypt of that cathedral.

Bibliography. Barrillot, Bruno. Albert Decourtray : un évêque au fil des jours. Paris : Les éditions ouvrières, 1989 . (A pleine vie.; Variation: Collection "A pleine vie); Berthod, Bernard ; Ladous, Régis. Le cardinal Decourtray. Lyon : LUGD, 1996. (Hommes et Régions); Decourtray, Albert ; Sève, André. Le cardinal Decourtray : 22 entretiens avec André Sève. Paris : Le Centurion, 1986. (Les Interviews; Variation: Interviews [Centurion Firm]); Decourtray, Albert ; Schumann, Maurice. Réception de M. le Cardinal Albert Decourtray : discours prononcés dans la séance publique le jeudi 10 mai 1994 ; [réponse de M. Maurice Schumann au discours de M. le Cardinal Albert Decourtray]. Paris : Palais de l'Institut : Imprimerie nationale, 1994. (Institut (Paris, France) ; 1994-4); Decourtray, Albert ; Domenach, Nicolas ; Szafran, Maurice. Le testament inachevé : entretiens avec Nicolas Domenach et Maurice Szafran. Paris : Flammarion, 1994; Hommage au cardinal Decourtray à la suite de sa réception à l'Académie française. Bulletin de l'Institut catholique de Lyon. Avril-juin 1994, no 105; Huvet, Michel. Les années Decourtray, 1971-1981, un évêque à Dijon. Précy-sous-Thil : Editions de l'Armancon, 1990; Jore, Alexander. Épiscopologe Français de 1592 à 1973. Mis à jour et continué jusqu'en 2004. Complément de l'article "France" du Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastiques t. XVIII, colonnes 161 à 532. Pro-Manuscripto, 25 - III- 2004, no. 3183; Sauzay, Laurent. Le cardinal Decourtray et les médias. Thèse de maîtrise. Université Jean-Moulin Lyon III, 1991; Sauzay, Laurent. "Histoire de la conversion d'un évêque aux médias. Le cas de Mgr Albert Decourtray, cardinal-archevêque de Lyon, 1981-1994." Cahiers d'histoire XLI (1996) pp. 529-551.

Link. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is a list of his works, taken from the site of the Academie Française: Foi et raison chez Malebranche, 1949; Livre de la Sagesse, 1955; Osée, 1962; Elisabeth de la Trinité, un prophète de Dieu pour notre temps, 1979; Présence dElisabeth de la Trinité, 1980; Vingt-deux entretiens avec André Sève (Le Centurion), 1986 ; Une voix dans la rumeur du monde (Le Centurion), 1988; Un évêque et Dieu (Fayard), 1989; Comment vivre le Sacrement de la Pénitence, 1992; Le testament inachevé (posthume), 1994.


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DEGENHARDT, Johannes Joachim
(1926-2002)

Birth. January 31, 1926, Schwelm, diocese of Essen (before archdiocese of Paderborn), Germany. Son of Julius Degenhardt and his wife Elly.

Education. Seminary of Paderborn, Paderborn (philosophy); Theological Seminary of Münich, Münich (theology); Seminary of Würzburg, Würzburg (doctorate in theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, August 6, 1952 Paderborn. Prefect of the Theological Seminary of Paderborn, 1959. Further studies, Würzburg. Pastor of the student parish, Paderborn, 1965. Dean of the deanate "Hochstift", 1966.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Vico di Pacato and appointed auxiliary of Paderborn, March 12, 1968. Consecrated, May 1, 1968, cathedral of Sankt Liborio, Paderborn, by Cardinal Lorenz Jäger, archbishop of Paderborn, assisted by Franz Hengsbach, bishop of Essen, and by Paul Nordhues, titular bishop of Cos, auxiliary of Paderborn. His episcopal motto was Surrexit Dominus vere. Vicar capitular of Paderborn, July 3, 1973. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Paderborn, April 4, 1974. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977; the II Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Liborio, February 21, 2001.

Death. July 25, 2002, in the early morning, suddenly, of cardiac related problems, in the archiepiscopal palace of Paderborn. In the days that followed, thousands passed by the cardinal's body, lying in state in the Bartholomäuskapelle in Paderborn. The funeral took place on the following August 3, in the metropolitan cathedral of Paderborn, in the presence of nine cardinals: Henrik Gulbinowicz of Breslau, Karl Lehmann of Mainz, Franciszek Macharski of Cracow, Joachim Meisner of Cologne, Joseph Ratzinger of the Roman Curia, Leo Scheffczyk of Munich, Adrianus Simonis of Utrecht, Georg Sterzinsky of Berlin and Friedrich Wetter of Munich, together with over 60 archbishops and bishops from all over the world and numerous state guests. Buried in the crypt of the metropolitan cathedral of Paderborn.

Bibliography. Redaktion. "Degenhardt, Johannes Joachim." Die Bischöfe der deutschsprachigen Länder, 1945 2001 : ein biographisches Lexikon. Unter Mitwirkung von Franz Xaver Bischof ... [et al.] ; herausgegeben von Erwin Gatz. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 2002, p. 440-442.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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DE GIORGI, Salvatore
(1930-

Birth. September 6, 1930, Vernole, diocese of Lecce, Italy. Third of the eight children of Vito De Giorgi and Anna Teresa De Carlo.

Education. Episcopal Seminary, Lecce; Regional Seminary, Molfetta.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 28, 1953, Vernole, by Francesco Minerva, bishop of Lecce. Secretary to Bishop Minerva, 1953-1958. Successively, 1953-1973, in the diocese of Lecce, pastoral ministry; diocesan assistant to the Federation of Italian Catholic University Students; secretary of the diocesan catechetical office; ecclesiastical assistant of the youth of Catholic Action; ecclesiastical assistant of the Movement of Catholic Teachers; faculty member, State Classical Lyceum; delegate of the commission for sacred chant; delegate of the Italian Association of Sacred Chant (AISC); episcopal vicar for lay apostolate; episcopal delegate for diocesan organic pastoral and director of its office; member of the presbyteral council; and member of the directive council of the diocesan pastoral institute of C.E.P.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tulana and auxiliary of Oria, November 21, 1973. Consecrated, December 27, 1973, Lecce, by Francesco Minerva, bishop of Lecce, assisted by Guglielmo Motolese, archbishop of Taranto, and by Alberico Semeraro, bishop of Oria. His episcopal motto is In charitate pax. Named coadjutor, with right of succession, of Oria, November 29, 1975. Succeeded to the see of Oria, March 17, 1978. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Foggia with the dioceses of Bovino and Troia, united in persona episcopi, April 4, 1981. Named archbishop of Foggia-Bovino when Italian dioceses were restructured, September 30, 1986. Resigned the pastoral government of Troia, September 30, 1986. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Taranto, October 10, 1987. General ecclesiastical assistant of the Italian Catholic Action, February 2, 1990. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, May 11, 1990. Ecclesiastical assistant of the international forum of the Catholic Action, 1991. President of the Italian Federation of Spiritual Exercises, 1992. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Palermo, April 4, 1996.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 1998; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria in Ara Coeli, February 21, 1998. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the closing of the Siracusan Marian Year that took place in the Shrine della Madonna delle Lacrime, Siracusa, Sicily, Italy, September 1, 2003. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. His resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Palermo, in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law, was accepted by the pope on December 19, 2006. Apostolic administrator of Palermo, December 19, 2006 until the installation of his successor on February 10, 2007. The Permanent Episcopal Council of the Italian Episcopal Conference named him president of the Italian Federation of Spiritual Exercises (Fies) on January 30, 2007. Special papal envoy to the conclusive celebration of the millennium of the dedication of the co-cathedral of Sarsina, Italy, which took place on May 31, 2009. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when he turned eighty years old on September 6, 2010. Will be special papal envoy to the celebrations that will take place on May 30, 2011, in Pozzuoli, Italy, in the occasion of the closing of the diocesan Pauline Jubilar Year in the 1950º anniversary of the landing and the preaching of the Apostle St. Paul in that city. Member of the Commission of Cardinals to investigate the leak of reserved and confidential documents on television, in newspapers and in other communications media, April 24, 2012.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Italian; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Presentaron a Benedicto XVI los resultados de la investigación sobre las cartas robadas by H. Sergio Mora, in Spanish, Zenit, el Mundo visto desde Roma, 18-06-2012; Lombardi: Commission is carrying out full scale investigation into Vatican document leaks by Alessandro Speciale, Vatican Insider, 06/18/2012.


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DELARGEY, Reginald
(1914-1979)

Birth. December 10, 1914, Timaru, diocese of Christchurch, New Zealand. He was the eldest child and only son of Archibald Patrick Delargey and Kathleen May Fitzgerald; she died in 1929 and his father brought up a family of six. His baptismal name was Reginald John.

Education. Initial studies at Catholic schools in Lawrence, Napier and Patea; Sacred Heart College, Auckland; Holy Cross College, Mosgiel, 1932-1934; Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum, Rome, 1934-1939 (obtained a doctorate in theology in 1939).

Priesthood. Ordained, March 19, 1938, Rome, by Cardinal Pietro Fumasoni Biondi, prefect of the S.C. for the Propagation of the Faith. Returned to New Zealand after the start of the Second World War. Curate in the parish of Takapuna; and later at St Patricks cathedral, Auckland. Director of the Catholic Social Services of the diocese of Auckland, 1940-1947. He was appointed, in 1942, director of the Catholic Youth Movement; and later introduced the work of the Young Christian Students into the Catholic secondary schools. In 1957, he represented New Zealand at the congresses of Young Christian Workers and the Lay Apostolate celebrated in Rome.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Irima and appointed auxiliary of Auckland, November 25, 1957. Consecrated, February 27, 1958, Auckland, by James Michael Liston, archbishop-bishop of Auckland, assisted by Peter Thomas McKeefry, archbishop of Wellington, and by John Patrick Kavanagh, bishop of Dunedin. National director of Missions, 1958. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Transferred to the see of Auckland, September 1, 1970. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Wellington, April 25, 1974.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of Inmmacolata al Tiburtino, May 24, 1976. President of the Episcopal Conference of New Zealand, 1976-1979. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II.

Death. January 29, 1979, of cancer, Mater Misericordiæ Hospital, Auckland. After an impressive funeral, which was televised live, he was buried in the priests' plot at Karori Cemetery, outside Wellington (1). In the same plot is buried Cardinal Peter Thomas McKeefry, archbishop of Wellington, first cardinal from New Zealand. Cardinal Delargey is commemorated by a memorial window in St. Patrick's Catholic church in Lawrence.

Bibliography. Sweetman, Rory. "Delargey, Reginald John 1914 - 1979". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, vol. 5 (1941-1960), 2000.

(1) This is the inscription in his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici from Malta:

PRAY FOR HIS EMINENCE
REGINALD JOHN CARDINAL DELARGEY
BORN DECEMBER 10 1914
ORDAINED PRIEST MARCH 19 1938
AUXILIARY BISHOP OF AUCKLAND DECEMBER 10 1970
ARCHBISHOP OF WELLINGTON JULY 16 1974
CARDINAL MAY 24 1976
DIED JANUARY 29 1979
MAY HE REST IN PEACE


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DE LA TORRE, Carlos María
(1873-1968)

Birth. November 15, 1873, neighborhood of "La Loma", Quito, Ecuador (1). Son of Mario de la Torre and María Nieto León. His baptismal name was Carlos María Javier. His last name is also listed as Torre, de la.

Education. Primary studies at "Colegio El Cebollar" of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, Quito; he had holy Hermano Miguel as his teacher; secondary studies at Jesuit "Colegio San Gabriel", Quito; then, at the Conciliar Seminary, Quito; and later, at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned doctorates in theology and canon law in 1896; while in Rome, he resided at Pontificio Collegio Latino Americano until September 22, 1896.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 19, 1896, Rome. Successively, from 1896 until 1911, in the archdiocese of Quito, he was chaplain of "Colegio de los Sagrados Corazones"; professor of dogmatic theology at the Conciliar Seminary; pastor in Pelileo for a short time; canon theologian of the metropolitan cathedral chapter; chancellor-secretary to Archbishop Federico González of Quito; and pro-vicar general.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Loja, December 30, 1911. Consecrated, May 26, 1912, metropolitan cathedral of San Francisco de Asís, Quito, by Federico González Suárez, archbishop of Quito, assisted by Manuel Polit, bishop of Cuenca, and by Juan María Riera, bishop of Guayaquil; published in the consistory of the following December 2. His episcopal motto was Obœdientia et pax. Transferred to the diocese of Riobomba (then called Bolívar), August 21, 1919; published in the consistory of the following December 10. Transferred to the diocese of Guayaquil, December 20, 1926. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Quito, September 8, 1933; published in the consistory of the following October 16; took possession of the see on December 8 of that same year. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, December 19, 1946. On November 29, 1952, he received the news of his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of January 12, 1953; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria in Aquiro, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, January 15, 1953. Decorated by the Spanish government with the Cruz de Alfonso X, el Sabio, January 1953. His promotion to the cardinalate was celebrated by the Ecuadorean government issuing a 30¢ postal stamp. Papal legate to the National Eucharistic Congress, San José, Costa Rica, December 26, 1954. Attended the First General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, July 25-August 4, 1955. Papal legate to the First Plenary Council of Ecuador, Quito, July 28, 1957. Papal legate to the National Eucharistic Congress, Guayaquil, Ecuador, August 28, 1958. Participated in the conclave of 1958, which elected Pope John XXIII. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962. Did not participate in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, May 1967. He was the founder of the Catholic University of Ecuador; of the Catholic radio station; and of the Catholic daily "La Unión". Member of the Ecuadorean Academy of the Language. He was the first cardinal from Ecuador.

Death. July 31, 1968, Quito. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Quito. At his death, he was the oldest member of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

Bibliography. Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1937-1938-1939. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1939, p. 226; "Carlos María de la Torre", in "Emm.mmi e Rev.mi Signori Cardinali secondo il loro rispettivo ordine e precedenza", Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1967. Roma : Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1967, p. *52; Essor, Augusto. Púrpura en Quito; los cardenales, nuestro cardinal. Quito : Imp. Col Sal. "Don Bosco", 1950-1959?; Pięta, Zenonem. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen IX (1903-1922). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 2002, pp. 229 and 320.

Links. Portrait and biography, in Spanish, Conferencia Episcopal Ecuatoriana; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted, printed and electronic, except Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1937-1938-1939, p. 226, which says that he was born on November 12, 1873.


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DELL'ACQUA, O.Ss.C.A., Angelo
(1903-1972)

Birth. December 9, 1903, in the neighborhood of Porta Ticines, Milan, Italy. Eldest child of Giovanni Dell'Acqua, a mechanic, and Giuseppina Varalli. The other sibling were Margherita (called Rita) and Pio, who died young. He was baptized on December 20, 1903, in the church of S. Maria delle Grazie.

Education. Initial studies at the Institute of the Ursiline Sisters, Sesto Calende; then, at the elementary school of Sesto Calende; later, he attended the Seminary of Monza, Milan; then, the Seminary of Milan, where he earned a doctorate in theology; and finally, the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in canon law. Received the diaconate, December 19, 1925, in Milan.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 9, 1926, church of S. Bernardino, Sesto Calende, by Cardinal Eugenio Tossi archbishop of Milan. Joined the Oblates of Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo, May 9, 1928. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Milan, and secretary to the archbishop of Milan, 1928-1929. Further studies, 1929-1931. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, December 19, 1931. Secretary of the apostolic delegation in Turkey and Greece, 1931-1935. Rector of the Pontifical Pio Romanian College, Rome, 1935-1938. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, June 15, 1936. Staff member of the Secretariat of State, 1938-1950. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Rome, 1938-1950. Under-secretary adjunct of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, August 28, 1950. Substitute of the Secretariat of State, for ordinary ecclesiastical affairs, and secretary of ciphering, February 17, 1953. Substitute of the Secretariat of State, November 1, 1954.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Chalcedonia, December 14, 1958. Consecrated, December 27, 1958, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Girolamo Bartolomeo Bortignon, O.F.M.Cap., bishop of Padua, and by Gioacchino Muccin, bishop of Feltre e Belluno. His episcopal motto was Tamquam aqua decurrens. In the same ceremony were consecrated Cardinal Domenico Tardini, secretary of State; Albino Luciani, bishop of Vittorio Veneto, future cardinal and Pope John Paul I; and future Cardinals Carlo Grano, titular archbishop of Tessalonica, nuncio in Italy; Giuseppe Ferretto, titular archbishop of Sardica, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial; and Mario Casariego, C.R.S., titular bishop of Pudenziana, auxiliary of Guatemala. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo, June 29, 1967. President of the Prefecture for Economic Affairs of the Holy See, September 23, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Vicar general of His Holiness for the city of Rome and its district, and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Lateran University, January 13, 1968. Represented Pope Paul VI at the funeral of Senator of Robert F. Kennedy, New York, June 8, 1968. Received honorary doctorates from Loyola University, Chicago University and Fordham University, New York, June 1968. Attended the I Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969. Archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, November 7, 1970. Attended the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971.

Death. August 27, 1972, suddenly, of a heart attack, at the entrance of the basilica of the Rosary, in Lourdes, France. The funeral, presided by Pope Paul VI, took place on August 31, 1972 at the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome. Buried in the family tomb in Sesto Calende cemetery. The body was transferred on August 31, 1997 to the parish church of S. Bernardino, Sesto Calende, where he had been ordained to the priesthood.

Bibliography. Lanfranchi, Mauro. Il diplomatico che sorrideva. Profilo biografico del Cardinale Angelo Dell'Acqua. Sesto Calende : Cooperativa "Il Ponte", 1997; Melloni, Alberto. Angelo Dell'Acqua : prete, diplomatico e cardinale al cuore della politica vaticana (1903-1972). Bologna : Il mulino, 2004. (Santa Sede e politica nel Novecento ; 2).

Links. His photograph, portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana; photographs and biography by Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave.


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DEL MESTRI, Guido
(1911-1993)

Birth. January 13, 1911, Banja Luka, now Bosnia-Erzegovina, then Austro-Hungarian Empire. He was the youngest of the the six children of Count Gian Vito Del Mestri and Baroness Marianna de Grazia. He had title of count.

Education. Initial studies in Banja Luka; then from 1929, he attended the Jesuit Lyceum, Kalksburg, Vienna, where he studied classics, 1929; later 1930 to 1937,. he resided at Almo Collegio Capranica, Rome, while studying at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned doctorates in philosophy in 1932; in theology in 1937; and in canon law in 1940; finally, he studied diplomacy at the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles, Rome, 1937-1940.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 11, 1936, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Cardinal Francesco Marchetti-Selvaggiani, vicar of Rome. Incardinated in diocese of Gorizia, Italy. Pastoral ministry and faculty member in the minor seminary, diocese of Gorizia, 1937-1938. Further studies, 1938-1940. Attaché of the nunciature in Yugoslavia, 1940-1941. Secretary of the apostolic delegation in Lebanon, 1941-1943. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, October 21, 1941. Secretary, and later auditor, of the nunciature in Romania, 1943-1950; expelled by the Communist regime, July 1950. In the Secretariat of State, Vatican City, 1950-1951. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, October 6, 1951. As chargé d'affaires, he was charged with the opening the nunciature in Syria, 1951-1953. Chargé d'affaires, nunciature in Indonesia, 1953. Counselor in the nunciature in Germany, 1953-1959. Apostolic delegate in British Eastern and Western Africa, with residence in Nairobi, October 3, 1959. On September 23, 1960, the delegation was divided into Central-Western, Western, and Eastern. He continued as apostolic delegate in Eastern Africa, with residence in Lagos.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tuscamia, October 28, 1961. Consecrated, December 31, 1961, cathedral of the Holy Family, Nairobi, by Cardinal Laurean Rugambwa, bishop of Bukoba, assisted by Cornelius Chitsulo, bishop of Dedza, and by Ireneus Dud, titular bishop of Barcuso, apostolic vicar of of Bahr-el-Ghazal. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Received the title of pro-nuncio, November 1965. Apostolic delegate in México, September 9, 1967. Pro-nuncio in Canada, June 20, 1970. Nuncio in Germany, August 12, 1975 until August 3, 1984.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Eustachio, June 28, 1991. Promoted to the cardinalate when he was over 80 years old, and thus, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave. Chaplain, Theresienklinik Hospital, Nürenberg, Germany.

Death. August 2, 1993, Theresienklinik Hospital, Nürnberg, Germany. Buried beside the family chiesetta of Sant'Antonio, Medea, Gorizia, Italy. A plaque in his memory was placed above the vault where he is buried (1).

(1) This is the text of the inscription, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

QUI RIPOSA
NELLA PACE
DEL MESTRI CARD. GUIDO

MEDEA 2005

Bibliography. Bergh, Hendrik van. Botschafter des Papstes : 400 Jahre Nuntius in Deutschland, dem Apostolischen Nuntius, Erzbischof Guido Del Mestri, zu seinem Abschied von Deutschland. Berg, Starnberger See 3 : Türmer Verlag, 1984, pp. 282-298; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des évêques catholiques du Canada. Les diocèses catholiques canadiens des Églises latine et orientales et leurs évêques; repères chronologiques et biographiques, 1658-2002. Ottawa : Wilson & Lafleur, 2002. (Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), pp. 268-269.

Links. Photographs and biograby by Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave; biography by Gerhard Heger, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon; photographs, arms and biography, in German, Wikipedia; photograph, arms, tomb and biographical data, in English, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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DESKUR, Andrzej Maria
(1924-2011)

Birth. February 29, 1924, Deskur Palace in Sancygniów, diocese of Kielce, Poland. Of a noble Polish family of French origin. Son of Andrzej Ludwika Deskur and Stanisława Janina z Kosseckich. He had three brothers, Józef Maria, Stanisław Maria, Antoni Maria (died in 2008), and a sister, Wanda. He was baptized in the parish of Sts. Peter and Paul, Sancygniów; his baptismal name was Andrzej Maria Michał. His first name is also listed as Andrew M.; and his last name as Descours.

Education. Initial studies at the Gymnasium of Jaśle, 1933 to 1937; then, he studied at the Gymnasium Sniadecki in Kielce; he studied at Jagellonian University, Kraków, obtaining a doctorate in canon and civil law in 1945; he was the secretary of "Bratniak", at the time, the most important academic organization, whose president was Karol Wojtyla; they remained close friends throughout their lives. He entered the Seminary of Kraków in November 1945; on November 1, 1946, he received the tonsure and in the same mass, Father Karol Wojtyla was ordained a priest; in 1948, he was sent by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Kraków, to study at the Catholic University, Fribourg, Switzerland, where he obtained a doctorate in moral theology, specialty in social sciences. He also studied at the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles, Rome, the Vatican school of diplomacy.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 20, 1950, in the parish church of St. Bonnet-les-Oules, France, by Cardinal Pierre-Marie Gerlier, archbishop of Lyon. In that parish is the French branch of the family, estate of Descours. Incardinated in the archdiocese of Kraków. Further studies and pastoral ministry in France and Switzerland, 1950-1952. Joined the Vatican Secretariat of State, September 1952. Undersecretary of the Pontifical Commission for Cinema, Radio and Television, October 1, 1952. Collaborated in the redaction of the encyclical Miranda prorsus, concerning the means of social communication, issued by Pope Pius XII on September 8, 1957. Privy chamberlain supernumerary of His Holiness, November 17, 1958. Secretary of the Secretariat for the Press, preparatory phase of the Second Vatican Council, 1960-1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965 as an expert; he formed part of the conciliar commissions for bishops, the clergy, the laity, press and spectacles; along with Bishop Karol Wojtyla, auxiliary of Kraków, he made a significant contribution to the preparation of the conciliar Constitution on the Church Gaudium et Spes; and of the decree Inter mirifica; in the framework of the implementation of this conciliar decree, he contributed to the publication of the pastoral instruction Communio et Progressio; and held a series of continental meetings with the Episcopal Commissions for Social Communications. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, June 13, 1964. Undersecretary of the Pontifical Commission for Social Communications, 1964; its secretary, January 9, 1970; and its president, September 1973. He was one of the promoters of the radio station "Radio Veritas" for countries in Asia and Oceania. He visited about 70 countries on five continents. In 1966, 1967 and 1974, he accompanied Archbishop Agostino Casaroli, chairman of the committee for relations of the Holy See with the government of Poland; his first diplomatic trips were to Warsaw, Gniezno, Poznań and Warmia. For several years he was one of the few connectors between the Church in Poland and the Vatican.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tene, June 17, 1974. Consecrated, June 30, 1974, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope Paul VI, assisted by Giovanni Benelli, titular archbishop of Tusuro, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, archbishop emeritus of Bangalore, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto was Veritas vos liberabit. On August 15, 1974, he celebrated in St. Mary's Church, Kraków, his first mass as bishop. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974; the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. He was wheelchair-bound since October 13, 1978, after suffering a stroke, which paralyzed the left side of his body, while he was preparing to celebrate mass. In one of the very first actions of his pontificate, Pope John Paul II, hearing that Bishop Deskur had suffered a crippling stroke on the eve of the conclave, rushed to the Gemelli Polyclinic to visit his friend on the day after his election. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979. Promoted to archbishop, February 15, 1980. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 29 to September 28, 1983. President emeritus of the Pontifical Council of Social Communications, April 8, 1984. He was the initiator of the first religious broadcast using artificial satellites.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Cesareo in Palatio, May 25, 1985. President of the Pontifical Academy of the Immaculate Conception, Rome, January 24, 1987. In 1991, he received an honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Theology of the Pontifical Academy of Theology in Kraków. He was awarded, among others, the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic and the Grand Cross of the Order of Malta. Opted for order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title, January 29, 1996. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, February 29, 2004. On October 10, 2006, he was awarded by President Lech Kaczynski of Poland the Order of White Eagle. During all his years in Rome, he performed his priestly and episcopal ministry in numerous parishes. For fifteen years he devoted himself to the office of spiritual director at the pre-seminary St. Pius X. As a cardinal he was very involved in the matter of diplomatic relations between the Holy See and Israel.

Death. September 3, 2011, at 6 p.m., in his apartment at Palazzo San Carlo, in Vatican City. Upon learning the news of his death, Pope Benedict XVI sent a telegram of condolence to Cardinal Stanisław Dziwisz, archbishop of Kraków, Poland. The exequial liturgy took place on Tuesday September 6, 2011, at 11:30 a.m., in the Altar of the Chair of the Papal Vatican Basilica, It was presided over by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the College of Cardinals, in the name of Pope Benedict XVI. Cardinal Sodano also pronounced the homily. Twenty-five cardinals concelebrated, including Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State, José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F., prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints, and Franciszek Macharski, archbishop emeritus of Kraków, on behalf of the diocese to which the late cardinal belonged. In Kraków, on Monday September 12, 2011, Cardinal Macharski celebrated the funeral mass at the Shrine of Blessed Pope John Paul II, next to the Shrine of Divine Mercy, Kraków. Cardinal Dziwisz delivered the homily. The late cardinal was buried in the crypt of the shrine in a specially constructed marble sarcophagus (1).

Bibliography. Prokop, Krzysztof Rafał. Polscy kardynałowie. Kraków : Wydawnictwo WAM, 2001, pp. 353-362.

Links. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; photographs and biography, in English, Official Website of the Deskur Family; photographs and biography, in Polish, Stowarzyszenie Rodziny Deskurów; his arms and biography, in Polish, Wikipedia; his arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; photographs and biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; The death of Deskur, Wojtyla' "Pope Maker", Vatican Insider, La Stampa; Close friend of John Paul II, Cardinal Deskur of Poland passes away at 87, video, in English, Rome Reports.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his sarcophagus, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

SALVIFICI DOLORIS
ANDRZEJ MARIA KARDYNAL
DESKUR
29.II.1924 * 3.IX.2011


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DEZZA, S.J., Paolo
(1901-1999)

Birth. December 13, 1901, Parma, Italy.

Education. Joined the Society of Jesus, December 2, 1918. Jesuit houses of study in Italy, Spain, and Germany.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 25, 1928. Faculty member, Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1929-1932; moved to Davosplatz because of poor health. Took final vows, February 2, 1935. Provincial of the Veneto-Milan province, 1935-1939. Rector and faculty member of the Pontifical Philosophical Faculty, Galarate, Italy, September 24, 1939. Faculty member and rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, August 5, 1941. Faculty member, St. Robert Bellarmino College, Rome, 1951-1965. General delegate for the Jesuit International Houses, 1951-1962. Secretary general of the International Federation of Catholic Universities; faculty member, Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum. General assistant of the Society of Jesus, 1965. Regional assistant for Italy. Confessor to Popes Paul VI and John Paul I from 1966 until 1978. Admonitor to the Superior General, 1973. President of the Commission of Superior Studies of the Society of Jesus, 1974. Appointed by the pope pontifical delegate to the Society of Jesus, October 5, 1981; occupied the post until September 13, 1983.

Episcopate. Requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal ordination because of advanced age and the dispensation was granted by Pope John Paul II.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio, June 28, 1991. Promoted to the cardinalate when he was over 80 years old, and thus, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave.

Death. Friday December 17, 1999, in Rome. The requiem mass was celebrated on Monday December 20, by Pope John Paul II at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Buried, temporarily, in the mausoleum of the Society of Jesus in Campo Verano cemetery, Rome (1). The remains were transferred to the church of S. Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio, Rome, on Sunday December 17, 2006, and buried in a marble sarcophagus (2). He is buried near the tomb of Cardinal S. Roberto Bellarmino, S.J.

Links. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; photographs and biography by Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal Paolo Dezza, 98; Guided the Jesuits by Alessandra Stanley, The New York Times, December 22, 1999; Esequie del Cardinale Paolo Dezza. Omelia di Giovanni Paolo II, Basilica Vaticana - Lunedì, 20 dicembre 1999; Il Card. Paolo Dezza, Uomo Fedele by N. Venturini, Eco dei Gesuiti, Popoli On Line.

(1) This was the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+
R.P. PAOLO DEZZA S.J.
CARDINALE
N·13·12·1901 - M·17·12·1999

(2) This is the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

QUI
NEL SUO TITOLO
RIPOSA
IL CARDINALE PAOLO DEZZA S.I.
FEDELE SERVITORE
DELLA SEDE APOSTOLICA E DELLA COMPAGNIA DI GESÙ
PARMA 13.12.1901 ROMA 17.12.1999


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DIAS, Ivan
(1936-

Birth. April 14, 1936, Mumbai, then Bombay, India. His baptismal name is Ivan Cornelius.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Bombay; at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome; and at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in canon law. He speaks Hindu, English, Italian, Spanish and French.

Priest. Ordained, December 8, 1958, Bombay, by Cardinal Valerian Gracias, archbishop of Bombay. Pastoral ministry in Bombay, 1958-1961. Further studies, Rome, 1961-1964. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, December 4, 1964 (title changed to chaplain of His Holiness, 1968). Worked in the secretariat of State preparing the visit of Pope Paul VI to the International Eucharistic Congress of Bombay, 1964. From 1965 to 1973, secretary of nunciatures in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Iceland, Finland, Indonesia, Madagascar, La Reunion Island, Comore Island and Mauritius. From 1973 to 1982, in the secretariat of State, head of the section for the Soviet Union, the Baltic States, Belarus, Ukraine, Poland, Bulgaria, China, Viet Nâm, Laos, Cambodia, South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Zambia, Kenya and Tanzania.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Rusubisir and appointed pro-nuncio in Ghana, Togo and Benin, May 8, 1982. Consecrated, June 19, 1982, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, secretary of State, assisted by Achille Silvestrini, titular archbishop of Novaliciana, secretary of the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church, and by Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, archbishop emeritus of Bangalore, secretary of the S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto is Servus. Nuncio in Korea, June 20, 1987. Nuncio in Albania, October 28, 1991. Apostolic administrator of the apostolic administration of Southern Albania, 1992-1996. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Bombay, November 8, 1996; occupied the post until his appointment as prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, May 20, 2006. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 19 to May 14, 1998.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of Spirito Santo alla Ferratella, February 21, 2001. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, March 10, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001; president delegate. Special papal envoy to the celebrations programmed in Tirana, April 25, 2003, for the 10th anniversary of the papal visit to Albania. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; by papal appointment. Named prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Urbanian University, May 20, 2006. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the centennial of the evangelization of Ghana, which will take place in Navrongo on April 23, 2007. Special papal envoy to the opening of the Jubilee Year for the 150th anniversary of the apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary to St. Bernadette Soubirous, in the Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes, France, December 8, 2007. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the New Christian Millennium in Ethiopia, which took place in Addis Abeba from May 2 to 4, 2008, in the occasion of the Ethiopian National Eucharistic Congress. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". Special papal envoy to the closing celebrations of the Jubilar Year of the Church in Việt Nam (in the 350th anniversary of the creation of the first two apostolic vicariates and the 50th anniversary of the institution of the Catholic hierarchy), held in the Marian Shrine of La Vang on January 4 to 6, 2011. On May 10, 2011, the pope accepted his resignation from the post of prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples for having reached the age limit. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Variety of experience gives cardinal from India high profile, Catholic News Service, Apr-1-2005.


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DOI, Peter Tatsuo
(1892-1970)

Birth. December 22, 1892, Sendai, Japan. He came from an old Samurai family. Baptized on April 21, 1902.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Sendai; and at the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide," Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 1, 1921, Sendai. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Sendai, 1921-1934. Secretary to the apostolic delegate in Japan, 1934-1937.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Tōkyō, December 2, 1937. Consecrated, February 13, 1938, Tōkyō, by Jean-Alexis Chambon, M.E.P., archbishop-bishop of Yokohama, assisted by Paul Aijiro Yamaguchi, bishop of Nagasaki, and by Marie-Joseph Lemieux, bishop of Sendai. Director of the National Catholic Central Committee during the Second World War. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, July 14, 1956.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 28, 1960; received the red hat and the title of S. Antonio in via Merulana, March 31, 1960. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. He was the first Japanese cardinal.

Death. February 21, 1970, of pneumonia, Tōkyō. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Tōkyō.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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DÖPFNER, Julius
(1913-1976)

Birth. August 26, 1913, village of Hausen, near Bad Kissingen, diocese of Würzburg, Germany. Son of Matthäus Julius and Maria Büttner. He had a sister, Maria, and two brothers, Paul and Otto. He was baptized on August 28, 1913 and received the name Julius August. His last name is also listed as Doepfner. He was confirmed on May 13, 1924.

Education. Augustinian Gymnasium, Münnerstadt, 1924-1925; Seminary of Würzburg, Würzburg, 1925-1933 (he was the valedictorian of his class); he was sent to study in Rome and resided in the Pontifical Collegium Germanicum et Hungaricum; studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome 1933-1941 (philosophy and theology; obtained a doctorate in theology in 1941; dissertation: Das Verhältnis von Natur und Übernatur bei John Henry Newman).

Priesthood. Ordained, October 29, 1939, feast of Christ the King, church of Gesù, Rome, by Luigi Traglia, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, vice-gerent of Rome. Further studies, 1939-1941. Chaplain in Großwallstadt, diocese of Würzburg, 1941-1944. Prefect in Kilianeum, 1945; assistant, 1946. Subgerent of the Seminary of Würzburg, 1946-1948.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Würzburg, August 11, 1948. Consecrated, October 14, 1948, Neumünsterkirche, Würzburg, by Josef Otto Kolb, archbishop of Bamberg, assisted by Joseph Schröffer, bishop of Eichstätt, and by Arthur Michael Landraf, titular bishop of Eudocia and auxiliary of Bamberg. His episcopal motto was Praedicamus crucifixum. At the time of his election to the episcopate, he was the youngest bishop of the church. Transferred to the diocese of Berlin, January 15, 1957.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 15, 1958; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria della Scala, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, December 18, 1958. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Münich und Freising, July 3, 1961. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. Member of the Board of Presidency of the Second Vatican Council, 1963-1965. Chairman of the German Conference of Bishops, 1966 until his death in 1976. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974.

Death. July 24, 1976, at 8 a.m., of a heart attack, in the archbishop's house, Münich. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Münich (1).

Bibliography. Döpfner, Julius; Fleckenstein, Heinz. Ortskirche, Weltkirche ; Festgabe für Julius Kardinal Döpfner. Würzburg : Echter, 1973; Forster, Karl. Julius Cardinal Doepfner. Notre Dame, Indiana : University of Notre Dame Press, 1965. (The men who make the council, 13); Landersdofer, Annton."Döpfner, Julius (August)."Die Bischöfe der deutschsprachigen Länder, 1945 2001 : ein biographisches Lexikon. Unter Mitwirkung von Franz Xaver Bischof ... [et al.] ; herausgegeben von Erwin Gatz. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 2002, p. 386-394; Pfister, Peter ; Treffler, Guido. Julius Kardinal Döpfner und das Zweite Vatikanische Konzil : Vorträge des wissenschaftlichen Kolloquiums anldsslich der Öffnung des Kardinal-Döpfner-Konzilsarchivs am 16. November 2001. Regensburg : Schnell + Steiner, 2002. (Schriften des Archivs des Erzbistums München und Freising ; Bd. 4). Contents: Vor-vorbereitender Zeitraum -- Korrespondenzakten -- Konzilspublizistik -- Vorgdnge im Zusammenhang mit dem Konzil -- Vorbereitender Zeitraum -- Erste Konzilsperiode -- Erste Zwischenperiode -- Zweite Konzilsperiode -- Zweite Zwischenperiode -- Dritte Konzilsperiode -- Dritte Zwischenperiode -- Vierte Konzilsperiode -- Nachkonziliarer Zeitraum. Other Title: Archivinventar der Dokumente zum Zweiten Vatikanischen Konzil; Treffler, Guido ; Pfister, Peter. Erzbischöfliches Archiv München, Julius Kardinal Döpfner : Archivinventar der Dokumente zum Zweiten Vatikanischen Konzil. Regensburg : Schnell + Steiner, 2004. (Schriften des Archivs des Erzbistums München und Freising ; Bd. 6). Contents: Vor-vorbereitender Zeitraum -- Korrespondenzakten -- Konzilspublizistik -- Vorgänge im Zusammenhang mit dem Konzil -- Vorbereitender Zeitraum -- Erste Konzilsperiode -- Erste Zwischenperiode -- Zweite Konzilsperiode -- Zweite Zwischenperiode -- Dritte Konzilsperiode -- Dritte Zwischenperiode -- Vierte Konzilsperiode -- Nachkonziliarer Zeitraum; Wittstadt, Klaus. Julius Kardinal Döpfner : (1913-1976) : Anwalt Gottes und der Menschen. München : Don Bosco, 2001; Wittstadt, Klaus. Julius Kardinal Döpfner : 26. August 1913 bis 24. Juli 1976. Würzburg : Bistum, 1996. (Würzburger Diözesangeschichtsblätter, 58. Bd. (Ergänzungsband)).

(1) This is the text of his tombstone taken from Wittstadt, Julius Kardinal Döpfner, p. 311:

JVLIVS KARDINAL DÖPFNER
GEBOREN 26. AVGVST 1913
BISCHOF VON WVRZBURG 1948
BISHOF VON BERLIN 1957
ERZBISCHOF VON MVNCHEN
VND FREISING 1961
GETORBEN 24. JVLI 1976

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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DULLES, S.J., Avery
(1918-2008)

Birth. August 24, 1918, Auburn, diocese of Rochester, United States. His baptismal name was Avery Robert. Son of John Foster Dulles, United States Secretary of State, and Janet Pomeroy Avery Dulles; nephew of Allen Welsh Dulles, founding administrator of the Central Intelligence Agency; great-grandson of John Watson Foster, secretary of State of the United States; great-grandson of Theodore Medad Pomeroy, MC, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Education. Attended primary school in New York City and secondary education at private schools in Switzerland and New England. Raised a Presbyterian, he was a self-professed agnostic when he entered Harvard University in 1936. He converted to Catholicism on November 26, 1940. After graduation, served in intelligence in the Naval Reserve. In 1945 was decorated with the Croix de Guerre for his work in communication with the French navy. Later in 1945, he contracted polio in Naples, Italy. Joined the Society of Jesus, August 14, 1946, New York Province. Instructor of Philosophy, Fordham University, Bronx, New York, 1951-1953. Obtained a doctorate in theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1960.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 16, 1956, Fordham University, New York, by Cardinal Francis Spellman, archbishop of New York. He was moderator of the freshman and sophomore Sodality of Our Lady, which included as its prefect sophomore Theodore McCarrick, later cardinal and archbishop of Washington, D.C. Later he was a member of the faculties of Woodstock College and of the Catholic University of America. From 1988 he was the Laurence J. McGinley Professor of Religion and Society at Fordham University. Member of the International Theological Commission, 1991-1997. He held fifteen visiting professorships and numerous positions in theological organizations including the presidency of the Catholic Theological Society of America and the American Theological Society, which was founded by a group of Protestant theologians including his grandfather Allen Macy Dulles, a distinguished Presbyterian theologian. Consultor to the Committee on Doctrine of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops. Considered as the preeminent American Catholic theologian, he received numerous awards. Among them, Phi Beta Kappa, the National Catholic Book Award, the Religious Education Forum Award, as well as the Cardinal Spellman Award for distinguished achievement in theology. He also received 21 honorary doctorates and was well known internationally as an author and a lecturer. He published 21 books and over 650 articles, essays and reviews (1). Many of his writings interpret and communicate the messages of the Vatican II Ecumenical Council.

Episcopate. Requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal ordination and the dispensation was granted by Pope John Paul II.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the deaconry of SS. Nomi di Gesù e Maria in via Lata, February 21, 2001. Promoted to the cardinalate when he was over 80 years old, and thus, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave.

Death. Friday December 12, 2008, at 6:30 a.m., at the infirmary of the Jesuit community in Fordham University, New York. Three masses were celebrated for the repose of the soul of the cardinal: Tuesday, December 16, at 7:30 p.m. in the University Church; Wednesday, December 17, at 7:30 p.m. in the University Church; Thursday, December 18, at 2 p.m. at St. Patrick's Cathedral with Cardinal Edward Michael Egan, archbishop of New York, officiating as representative of the pope. The cardinal's family received visitors in the University Church on Tuesday and Wednesday afternoons from 2 to 5 p.m. The late cardinal was buried in the Jesuit cemetery at Auriesville, New York, near the Shrine of the North American Martyrs (2). His red hat (galero) hangs in the Fordham University Church, in front of the stained glass window of the North American martyrs.

Bibliography. Carey, Patrick W. Avery Cardinal Dulles, SJ : a model theologian, 1918-2008. New York : Paulist Press, 2010. Contents: Dulles family heritage -- Home and education, 1920-1940 -- Becoming a Catholic, 1937-1941 -- The Navy years, 1941-1946 -- Becoming a Jesuit, 1946-1958 -- From the Gregorian to Woodstock, 1958-1965 -- From Vatican II to the closing of Woodstock, 1966-1974 -- Models theology for turbulent times, 1966-1974 -- A chastened progressivism, 1974-1988 -- The moderate middle in theology, 1974-1988 -- The ecumenist, 1971-1996 -- Theology for a postcritical age, 1988-2000 -- Evangelization and faith, 1988-2008 -- Interpreting Vatican II and the Church, 1988-2008 -- The Cardinal, 2001-2008 -- The last years; The legacy of Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J.: His words and his witness. Edited by Ann-Marie Kirmse; and Michael Canaris. Preface by Cardinal Theodore E. McCarrick. New York : Fordham University Press, 2011.

Links. Pope appoints Fordham theologian a cardinal, in English; ; his photograph, arms, curriculum vitae, and biography, in English; photograph and biography, in English; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Avery Dulles' 3rd anniversary, in English, Communio, blog by Paul A. Zalonski.

(1) These are the works he wrote, cited in the Fordham University web site: Princeps Concordiae: Pico della Mirandola and the Scholastic Tradition. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1941; A Testimonial to Grace. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1946. Italian translation, 1959; Spanish translation, 1963; Introductory Metaphysics (in collaboration with J. M. Demske and R. J. O'Connell). New York: Sheed and Ward, 1955; Apologetics and the Biblical Christ. Westminster, Md.: Newman Press, 1963; London: Burns, Oates, 1964. French translation, 1965; Korean translation, 1969; Polish translation, 1971; Chinese (Taiwan) translation, 1972; The Dimensions of the Church. Westminister, Md.: Newman Press, 1967; Revelation and the Quest for Unity. Washington, D.C.: Corpus Books, 1968; Revelation Theology: A History. New York: Herder and Herder, 1969; London: Burns, Oates, 1970. German translation: 1970; Spirit, Faith, and Church (in collaboration with W. Pannenberg and Carl E. Braaten). Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1970. German translation, 1971; The Survival of Dogma. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971; Image Books paperback edition, 1973; reprint, New York: Crossroad, 1982. French translation, 1975; The History of Apologetics. London: Hutchinson, 1971; Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1971, and New York: Corpus Books, 1971; reprint, Eugene: Oregon: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 1999; second edition, San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2005; Models of the Church. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1974, expanded edition, 1987, expanded edition with new appendix, 2002, digital edititions, 2002; Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1976; Spanish translation, 1975; Portuguese translation, 1978; Indonesian translation, 1990; Hungarian translation, 2003; Italian translation, 2005.; Church Membership as a Catholic and Ecumenical Problem (1974 Père Marquette Lecture). Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 1974; reprinted in 1981. The Resilient Church. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1977; Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1977; A Church to Believe In: Discipleship and the Dynamics of Freedom. New York: Crossroad, 1982; paperback edition, 1983; Models of Revelation. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1983; Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1983; Doubleday Image paperback edition, 1985; reprint with new introduction, Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1992; The Church: A Bibliography (in collaboration with Patrick Granfield). Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier, 1985; The Catholicity of the Church. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985; Oxford Scholarship On-Line, 2003; The Reshaping of the Catholicism. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1988; The Craft of Theology: From Symbol to System . New York: Crossroad, 1992, expanded edition, 1995; Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1992. Spanish translation, 2003; The Assurance of Things Hoped For: A Theology of Christian Faith. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994; paperback edition, 1997. Italian translation, 1997; A Testimonial to Grace and Reflections on a Theological Journey (fiftieth anniversary edition). Kansas City, Missouri: Sheed and Ward, 1996; Polish translation, 2004; The Priestly Office . New York/Mahwah, New Jersey: Paulist Press, 1997; German translation, 2004; Polish translation, 2005; The Theology of the Church: A Bibliography (in collaboration with Patrick Granfield). New York/Mahwah, New Jersey: Paulist Press, 1999; The Splendor of Faith: The Theological Vision of Pope John Paul II. New York: Crossroad, 1999; revised and updated edition, 2003; Polish translation, 2003; The New World of Faith. Huntington, Indiana: Our Sunday Visitor, 2000; Newman. London/ New York: Continuum, 2002; Magisterium: Teacher and Guardian of the Faith. Naples, Florida: Ave Maria Press of Sapientia University, 2007; Articles: Over 800 articles and book reviews on theological subjects (revelation, Church, faith, apologetics, ecumenism) in periodicals including: America; American Ecclesiastical Review; Catholic Mind; Chicago Studies; Church; Civiltà cattolica; Commonweal; Communio ( St. Louis); Concilium; Crisis; Dialog; Downside Review; Expository Times; First Things; Journal of Ecumenical Studies; Journal of Religion; Living Light; Logos; New Oxford Review; Orientierung (Zurich); Origins; Pro Ecclesia; Stimmen der Zeit (Munich); Studies (Dublin); Tablet (London); Theological Studies; Theologie und Glaube (Paderborn); Theologische Quartalschrift (Tübingen); Theology Digest; Theology Today; Thomist; Thought; Worship; Contributor to Encyclopedias including: Encyclopedia Britannica; Encyclopedia of Religion; New Catholic Encyclopedia.
(2) This is the inscription in his tombstone, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+ IHS
AVERY CARDINAL DULLES, S.J.
BORN AUGUST 24, 1918
ENTERED AUGUST 14, 1946
CREATED CARDINAL FEBRUARY 21, 2001
CARDINAL DEACON OF THE CHURCH OF
THE HOLY NAMES OF JESUS AND MARY
DIED DECEMBER 12, 2008
SCIO CUI CREDIDI
R.I.P.


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DUVAL, Léon-Étienne
(1903-1996)

Birth. November 9, 1903, Chenex, diocese of Annecy, France. His parents owned a medium sized farm. He was the sixth of seven children. Three of his sisters entered religious orders. Uncle of Joseph Marie Louis Duval, archbishop of Rouen, France.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Annecy; and later, at the Pontifical French Seminary, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 18, 1926. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Annecy, 1926-1942. Professor of philosophy and dogmatic theology at the Seminary of Annecy between 1930 and 1938. Honorary canon of the archdiocese of Algiers; director of Works; and vicar general, 1942-1946.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Constantine, Algeria, November 3, 1946. Consecrated, February 11, 1947, church of Notre-Dame, Annecy, by Auguste Cesbron, bishop of Annecy, assisted by Raoul Harscouêt, bishop of Chartres, and by Léon Terrier, bishop of Bayonne. He went for the first time to Algeria on February 23, 1947. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Algiers, February 3, 1954. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. President of the North African Episcopal Conference, 1963-1988.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 1965; received the red biretta and the title of S. Balbina, February 25, 1965. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; president-delegate, August 2, 1971. Elected member of the Board of the General Secretariat of the Synod of Bishops, November 6, 1971 until 1974. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, November 9, 1983. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, April 19, 1988. Attended the Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994.

Death. May 30, 1996, Algiers. His funeral was celebrated at the basilica of Notre Dame d'Afrique, Algiers; it was a collective mass, celebrated for the eternal repose of the cardinal and the seven assassinated Trappist monks of the abbey of Our Lady of Atlas of Tibhirine. It was presided by Cardinals Francis Arinze and Jean-Marie Lustiger, representing the pope. The late cardinal was buried in the Notre Dame d'Afrique metropolitan cathedral, in Algiers.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 283-284; Duval, Léon-Étienne ; Ray, Marie-Christine. Le cardinal Duval, évêque en Algérie. Entretiens du cardinal L.-E. Duval, archevêque d'Alger, avec Marie-Christine Ray. Paris : Le Centurion, 1984. ("Les Interviews"; Variation: Interviews [Centurion (Firm]); Ray, Marie-Christine. Le cardinal Duval : un homme d'espérance en Algérie. Préface par Mgr. Teissier. Nouv. éd. rev. et complétée. Paris : Editions du Cerf, 1998. (L'Histoire à vif).

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