The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
(1903-2011)
E

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ECHEVERRÍA RUIZ, O.F.M., Bernardino
(1912-2000)

Birth. November 12, 1912, Cotacachí, diocese of Ibarra, Ecuador. His baptismal name was Carlos Honorato Guillermo.

Education. Joined Order of Friars Minor, September 1928. Franciscan houses of study in Ecuador; Pontifical Antonian Athenaeum, Rome (doctorate in philosophy).

Priesthood. Ordained, July 4, 1937. Further studies, Rome, 1937-1941. Successively, 1941-1949, in Ecuador, faculty member in Franciscan houses of study; prefect of studies; provincial commissary of the Franciscan tertians; rector of the Brotherhood of Quito; provincial secretary; and provincial minister; founder of Communion of the Sick; of Jodoco Ricke publishing house; of journal Paz y Bien; of San Andrés school; secretary of the Ecuadoran Institute of Amazonian Studies; member of the International Academy of Franciscan History.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Ambato, October 23, 1949. Consecrated, December 4, 1949, church of San Francisco, Quito, by Efrem Forni, titular archbishop of Darni, nuncio in Ecuador, assisted by Alberto Ordóñez, bishop of Riobamba, and by Nicanor Gavinales Chamorro, bishop of Porto Viejo. The Ecuadoran government named him president of the Junta de Reconstrucción of the province of Tungurahua, which was devastated by an earthquake. Founded in Münich, Federal Republic of Germany, Bruderhilfe für Ekuador, work that has generously assisted the dioceses of Ecuador since 1962. Attended the Second General Conference of the Latin American Episcopal Council, Medellín, Colombia, August 24 to September 6, 1968. Secretary general of the Episcopal Conference of Ecuador. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Guayaquil, April 10, 1969. Attended the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974; the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopal Council, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; he was its moderator. Apostolic administrator of the apostolic prefecture of Los Galápagos, December 8, 1982 to May 14, 1984. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, December 7, 1989. Attended the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Apostolic administrator, sede vacante, of Ibarra, 1990 to July 25, 1995.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 26, 1994; received red biretta and title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo, November 26, 1994. He was 82 years old when created a cardinal, and, therefore, did not have the right to participate in the conclave.

Death. Thursday April 6, 2000, Quito. Buried in the parish church of Cotacachi, his native city, according to his expressed wishes.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B., André and Charles N. Bransom. "Franciscan bishops." Franciscan Studies, XLVIII (1988), 298.

Link. Photograph and biography, in Spanish, Conferencia Episcopal Ecuatoriana, third on the list, click on his name.


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EGAN, Edward Michael
(1932-

Birth. April 2, 1932, Oak Park, archdiocese of Chicago, United States. Son of Thomas J. Egan and Genevieve Costello.

Education. Seminary of Our Lady of the Lake, Mundelein, Illinois (bachelor in philosophy); Pontifical North American College, Rome; Pontifical Gregorian University (licentiate in theology, 1958; doctorate, summa cum laude in canon law, 1964). Besides his native English, he speaks French, Italian, and Spanish.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 15, 1957, North American College, Rome, by Martin John O'Connor, titular bishop of Tespia, rector of the North American College. In the same ceremony was ordained James Francis Stafford, another future cardinal. Further studies, Rome, 1957-1958. In the archdiocese of Chicago, 1958-1960, parochial vicar of Holy Name Cathedral Parish; assistant chancellor; and secretary to Cardinal Albert Gregory Meyer, archbishop of Chicago. Assistant vice-rector of the Pontifical North American College and repetitor of moral theology and canon law, while pursuing doctoral studies in Rome, 1960-1964. Again in Chicago, 1965-1972, secretary to Cardinal John Patrick Cody, archbishop of Chicago; archdiocesan vice-chancellor; and co-chancellor for Ecumenism and Social Relations. Auditor of the Tribunal of the Roman Rota, November 20, 1972. Concurrently, professor of civil and criminal procedure at the Studio Rotale and of canon law at the Pontifical Gregorian University; commissioner of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments and the Divine Worship; a consultor of the S.C. for the Clergy; and in 1982, one of six canonists who reviewed the new Code of Canon Law with Pope John Paul II, before it was promulgated in 1983.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Allegheny and appointed auxiliary of New York, April 1, 1985. Consecrated, May 22, 1985, basilica of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo, Rome, by Cardinal Bernardin Gantin, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, assisted by John Joseph O'Connor, archbishop of New York, and by John R. Keating, bishop of Arlington. His episcopal motto is In the holiness of truth. Transferred to see of Bridgeport, November 5, 1988. Promoted to the metropolitan see of New York, May 11, 2000.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo, February 21, 2001. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, March 10, 2001, for five years. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001; its relator general. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. On February 23, 2009, the pope accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the metropolitan archdiocese of New York, in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. The pope named Timothy Michael Dolan, until then archbishop of Milwaukee, as successor. Cardinal Egan was apostolic administrator of New York until the installation of Archbishop Dolan on April 15, 2009. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on April 2, 2012.

Link. Photograph and biography, in English. archdiocese of New York; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Retired New York Archbishop Edward Egan turns 80. Elector Cardinals drops to 123, Rome Reports, 2012-04-02 16:38:08.


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ERDÖ, Péter
(1952-

Birth. June 25, 1952, Budapest, Hungary. He is the first of the six children of Dr. Sándor Erdő and Mária Kiss.

Education. Initial studies at the lyceum of the Piarists Fathers, Budapest; later, he entered the Seminary of Esztergom; then, studied at the Central Seminary of Budapest; and finally, at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he obtained doctorates in theology, 1976; and in canon law.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 18, 1975, cathedral basilica, Budapest, by László Lékai, titular bishop of Giro di Tarasio, apostolic administrator, ad nutum Sanctæ Sedis, of Esztergom; incardinated in the archdiocese of Esztergom. Vicar in the parish of Dorog. Further studies, Rome, 1977-1980. Professor of theology and canon law, Seminary of Esztergom, 1980-1988. Guest professor, Faculty of Canon Law, Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1986-2002. Secretary of the Commission of Canon Law of the Hungarian Episcopal Conference, 1986; became its president, 1999. Chancellor of the Pontifical Hungarian Institute, 1987. Ordinary professor, Faculty of Theology, Catholic University Péter Pázmány, Budapest, 1988; dean of the same faculty, 1997. Chancellor of the Catholic University Péter Pázmány, 1998. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999, as an expert.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Puppi and appointed auxiliary of Székesfehérvár, November 5, 1999. Consecrated, January 6, 2000, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Giovanni Battista Re, titular archbishop of Vescovio, substitute of the Secretariat of State for General Affairs, and by Marcello Zago, titular archbishop of Roselle, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto is Initio non erat nisi gratia. Promoted to the metropolitan and primatial see of Esztergom-Budapest, December 7, 2002.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the title of S. Balbina, October 21, 2003. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Elected president of the Hungarian Episcopal Conference for a period of five years, September 7, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Special papal envoy to the solemn jubilar celebrations that took place in the Shrine of Mariapócs, Hungary, on December 3, 2005. Received a doctorate honoris causa from the Catholic University of Lublin, Poland, on April 6, 2006. Elected president of the Council of Episcopal Conferences of Europe, for a quienquennium, October 6, 2006; confirmed for another quienquennium, September 30, 2011. Participated in the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; by papal appointment. Member, by papal appointment, of the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City. On October 19, 2011, the apostolic nunciature in Perú announced that he would be apostolic visitor to intervene in the dispute between the Pontifical Catholic University of Perú (PUCP) and the archbishopric of Lima. On September 18, 2012, the pope appointed him synodal father of the Thirteenth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 7 to 28, 2012, on the theme "The new evangelization for the transmission of the Christian faith". Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On June 1, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the celebration of the sixth centennial of the evangelization of the "Samorgizia" (occidental region of Lithuania), which took place in conjunction with a Eucharistic Congress in Telšiai, from August 2 to 4, 2013. On October 14, 2013, he was named relator general of the Third Extraordinary General Assemby of the Synod of Bishops that will be held in the Vatican from October 5 to 19, 2014, on the theme "The challenges of the family in the context of the evangelization". He was confirmed as member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on November 30, 2013. On March 29, 2014, he was confirmed as member of the Pontifical Council for Culture until the expiration of his mandate.

Bibliography. Tusor, Péter. Purpura Pannonica : az esztergomi "bíborosi szék" kialakulásának elozminyei a 17. században = Purpura Pannonica : the "Cardinalitial See" of Strigonium and its Antecedens in the 17th Century. Budapest : Róma : Research Institute of Church History at Péter Pázmány Catholic University, 2005. (Collectanea Vaticana Hungariae, Classis I, vol. 3), pp. 206, 210 and 330.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Press Offrice of the Holy See; photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photographs and biography, in Italian, Santi e beati; his photograph and arms, archdiocese of Esztergom-Budapest; Péter Pázmámany Catholic University; winner of the prize Galileo Galilei, Italian Rotary Club, Pisa, October 3, 1999; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Il card. Erdo (Ccee): dichiarazione congiunta cattolico-ortodossa sia di aiuto per l'Europa, Chiesa, Avvenire, 18 agosto 2012; Satisfacción del cardenal Erdö por el acuerdo entre la Iglesia católica polaca y la ortodoxa rusa, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 20-08-2012; Cardinal Péter Erdö, archbishop raised under totalitarian Communist regime, video, Rome Reports, 2013-03-02 11:00:00; Cardinal Erdö: Pope Francis will give a social and spiritual push to the Church, video, Rome Reports, 2013-03-22 14:03:02.


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ERRÁZURIZ OSSA, of the Institute of the Fathers of Schönstatt, Francisco Javier
(1933-

Birth. September 5, 1933, Santiago de Chile, Chile. Second of the six children of Pedro Errázuriz Larraín and Marta Ossa Ruiz. He is the second of six children: María Angélica, Francisco Javier, Pedro Pablo, Margarita María, Carmen Gloria and Juan Eduardo.

Education. Primary and secondary stuides at Liceo Alemán, Santiago; in 1951 he entered the Faculty of Engineering, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Santiago (diploma in superior mathematics); for 8 years, member of the Student Center and of Federation of Students and joined university groups of the nascent Movement of Schönstatt. Befriended the Servant of God Mario Hiriart and with him and other students originated this Marian apostolic movement in Chile. State University of Fribourg, Switzerland (philosophy and doctorate in theology). Besides his native Spanish, he speaks Italian, German and French.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 16, 1961, Fribourg, by Manuel Larraín Errázuriz, bishop of Talca. Further studies, Fribourg, 1961-1962. In October 1962 met Fr. José Kentenich, founder of the secular Institute of Fathers of Schönstatt, whose spiritual paternity he considers a special gift from God. From 1963 to 1965, consultor of communities of youth and university students in several cities in Chile. Named Regional Superior in Chile of the Secular Institute of Fathers of Schönstatt, 1965-1971. From Chile directed the community of the institute in the Iberian peninsula and in Ecuador. As Regional Superior, participated in the Conference of Religious in Chile and was elected its vice-president. During those years worked with Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez, who had welcomed the Institute, then in its organizational phase, in his archdiocese. Member of the General Council of the Institute, Germany, 1971-1974. Superior general of the Institute and president of the International Council of the Work of Schönstatt 1974; reelected in 1980 and 1986. Because of his post, he conducted multiple pastoral visits to Europe, America, Africa and Australia.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Hólar and appointed secretary of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life, December 22, 1990. Consecrated, January 6, 1991, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Giovanni Battista Re, titular archbishop of Vescovio, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Justin Francis Rigali, titular archbishop of Bolsena, secretary of the Congregation for Bishops. In the same ceremony were consecrated future Cardinals Jean-Louis Tauran, Vinko Puljić and Julián Herranz Casado. His episcopal motto is Ut vitam habeant. Attended Ninth Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2-29, 1994, by papal appointment. Archbishop-bishop of Valparaíso, Chile, September 24, 1996. Attended Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16-December 12, 1997. Transferred to metropolitan see of Santiago de Chile, April 24, 1998. Grand chancellor of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, 1998. Elected president of the Episcopal Conference of Chile for three years, November 20, 1998; reelected, November 16, 2001. Elected first vice-president of Latin American Episcopal Council (CELAM), May 13, 1999.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received red biretta and title of S. Maria della Pace, February 21, 2001. Attended Tenth Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Member of the Academy of Social, Political and Moral Sciences of the Institute of Chile, Santiago, December 19, 2002. Elected president of the Episcopal Council of Latin America (CELAM), for the term of 2003- 2007, May 16, 2003. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; by papal appointment. Named one of the three presidents of the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place in Aparecida, Brazil, from May 13 to 31, 2007. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the centennial of the diocese of Catamarca, Argentina, which took place on August 21, 2010. On December 15, 2010, Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Santiago de Chile, presented in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. The pope named new metropolitan archbishop Ricardo Ezzati Andrello, S.D.B., until then archbishop of Concepción. Cardinal Errázuriz was apostolic administrator of the see until the installation of his successor on January 15, 2011. The cardinal said farewell to the faithful on the previous January 8. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On April 13, 2013, he was named by Pope Francis member of a group of cardinals to advise him in the government of the universal Church and to study a plan for revising the apostolic constitution on the Roman Curia, Pastor Bonus. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on September 5, 2013. On March 29, 2014, he was confirmed as member of the Pontifical Council for Culture until the expiration of his mandate. On June 14, 2014, he was named special papal envoy to the Third World Apostolic Congress of Mercy (WACOM III), which will be celebrated in Bogotá, Colombia, from August 15 to 19, 2014.

Links. Photo and biography, in Spanish, archdiocese of Santiago de Chile, at the bottom of the page; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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ETSOU-NZABI-BAMUNGWABI, C.I.C.M., Frédéric
(1930-2007)

Birth. December 3, 1930, Mazalaga, diocese of Lisala, Congo (later Zaïre; now Democratic Republic of the Congo), of a pagan tribal chief family. Son of Joseph Honoré Marie Mabomba and Françoise Naanu. His third last name is also listed as ba Mungwabi.

Education. Primary education at the Catholic mission, Boyange; secondary education at the Minor Seminary "Notre Dame de Grâce", Bolongo; Major Seminary, Kabwe, 1949-1954 (first cycle of philosophy, 1949-1953; and first year of theology, 1953-1954); dedicated some time to silence and prayer and then decided to follow a missionary vocation; joined the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (C.I.C.M.), also known as the Fathers of Scheut, in the novitiate of Katoka, Western Kasai, 1954 (completed the theological studies); Catholic Institute, Paris (doctorate in sociology); Lumen Vitae Institute, Brussels (doctorate in pastoral theology); Overseas Institute of Higher Studies, Paris (studied letters and sciences).

Priesthood. Ordained, July 13, 1958, by François Van den Berghe, C.I.C.M., titular bishop of Boseta, vicar apostolic of Lisala. Vicar in two parishes of the vicariate apostolic of Leopoldville (1) from 1958: Saint-François de Sales (Kintambo) and Saint-Pierre (Kinshasa). Went to Europe for further studies in France and Belgium until 1968. Successively, 1968-1976, pastor of the parish of Saint-Pierre in the archdiocese of Kinshasa and vice-provincial of his congregation; president of the assembly of superiors major, province of Kinshasa; vice-president of the assembly of superiors major of Zaïre; superior of his congregation in Africa.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Menefessi and named coadjutor, with right of succession, of Mbandaka-Bikoro, July 8, 1976. Consecrated, November 7, 1976, by Cardinal Joseph Malula, archbishop of Kinshasa, assisted by Pierre Wijnants, M.S.C., archbishop of Mbandaka, and by Albert Tshomba Yungu, bishop of Tshumbe. Succeeded to the see of Mbandaka-Bikoro, November 11, 1977. Vice-president of the Episcopal Conference of Zaïre, 1979-1984. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Kinshasa, July 7, 1990. Apostolic administrator, ad nutum Sanctæ Sedis, of Mbandaka-Bikoro, July 7, 1990 until October 11, 1991.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the title of S. Lucia a Piazza d'Armi, June 28, 1991. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economics Problems of the Holy See, December 2, 1993. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994. Elected president of the National Episcopal Conference of Congo for a four-year term, in its 34th plenary assembly, July 13, 2000. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI.

Death. Saturday January 6, 2007, in the hospital of the University of Louvain, Belgium. He had been hospitalized for two weeks and had been receiving treatment for some months for diabetes. An official statement of the episcopal Conference of Congo (CNECO), announced on January 9, 2007, that the cardinal was going to be buried on Monday January 15, 2007, in the metropolitan cathedral of Notre-Dame du Congo, Lingwala, Kinshasa. The mortal remains of the prelate arrived on Thursday January 11 at Kinshasa's international airport of N'djili. The body of the cardinal was exposed in the cathedral until the day of his burial. During this time, meetings of the prayers and testimonies were organized to pay homage to the late prelate. On Sunday January 14, 2007, the day before the burial, a mass of thanksgiving was said at the Stadium of the Martyrs at 9:30 a.m. for the eternal repose of his soul. Cardinal Christian Wiyghan Tumi, archbishop of Douala, Cameorun, represented Pope Benedict XVI. Cardinals Bernard Agré, archbishop emeritus of Abidjan, Ivory Coast, and Polycarp Pengo, archbishop of Dar-es-Salam, Tanzania, were presnet at the funeral. There were masses starting from 6 p.m. each day in the cathedral. The body of the cardinal was buried beside his predecessor, Cardinal Joseph Malula, the first Congolese cardinal, who has rested in the cathedral since 1989.

Link. Le cardinal Etsou laisse un testament d'unité au peuple congolais, Panapress, 14 Janeiro 2007 18:37:00.

(1) The vicariate apostolic of Leopoldville was elevated to the rank of metropolitan archdiocese on November 10, 1959; its name was changed to Kinshasa on May 30, 1966.


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EYT, Pierre
(1934-2001)

Birth. June 4, 1934, Laruns, diocese of Bayonne, France. Eldest of the three children of Jean Eyt, a hotelier, and Joséphine Gabastou. The other siblings were Jeanne and Henri. His baptismal name was Pierre Étienne Louis. His mother died when he was four years old. The last name "Eyt" already appears in Haut Ossau (Bèarn), in the cartulary of the 14th century (1366).

Education. Primary studies in the public school of Laruns; secondary studies at Collège Saint-Joseph d'Oloron Sainte-Marie; and later at Lycée Montaigne, in Bordeaux; then he studied law at the Institute of Juridical and Economic Studies, Pau; entered the Seminary Pius XI, Bayonne, in 1954; and in 1955, he went to the Seminary of the Catholic Institute, Toulouse; called to serve in the armed forces in 1956, he became sub-lieutenant of Alpine Chasseurs and served in Kabyle from 1957 to 1959; he later studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in theology, in 1967 (thesis: "Structure et exercice de la doctrina sacra d'aprés Dominique Soto (1495-1560). Contribution à l'étude de la tradition thomiste au XVI siècle").

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1961, in Bayonne. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Bayonne, 1961-1963. Further studies and pastoral ministry in Rome, 1963-1967. Assistant professor of theology in 1967 at the Catholic Institute of Toulousee; later, its vice-rector; and rector in 1975. Officer of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1979. Member of the International Theological Commission in 1980. Rector of the Catholic Institute of Paris, 1981. President of the Union of Catholic Institutes of Higher Education of France, 1982. Founder of the Jewish Studies Center, Jerusalem, 1984, by request of the Holy See. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; assistant to the special secretary.

Episcopate. Elected coadjutor archbishop of Bordeaux, June 7, 1986. Consecrated, September 28, 1986, cathedral of Bordeaux, by Marius Maziers, archbishop of Bordeaux, assisted by Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger, archbishop of Paris, and by André Collini, archbishop of Toulouse. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; special secretary. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Bordeaux, May 31, 1989; took possession of the see on June 1, 1989. Convoked and presided over the diocesan synod of Bordeaux, 1990-1993. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 26, 1994; received the red biretta and the title of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio, November 26, 1994. Ascribed to the Congregations for Catholic Education and for the Doctrine of the Faith. He was named chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur in 1995. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 9th centenary of the erection of the cathedral of Nîmes, France, June 23, 1996.

Death. June 11, 2001, after a long battle with cancer, Bordeaux, France. The requiem mass, presided over by Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, was celebrated on the following June 15, in the metropolitan cathedral of Saint-André of Bordeaux, with the participation of Cardinals Jean-Marie Lustiger, archbishop of Paris, and Louis-Marie Billé, archbishop of Lyon. The body of the late cardinal was buried in the cemetery of Laruns, city where he was born.

Bibliography. Eyt, Pierre. La joie et l'espérance du cardinal Pierre Eyt. Paris : Cerf, 2009. (L'histoire à vif). Responsibility: [Pierre Eyt] ; textes édités par Françoise Brian et Didier Monget ; préface par Roger Etchegaray ; portrait par Paul Meunier; Lavaud, Claudie. "Pierre, cardinal Eyt." Communio, revue catholique internationale, vol. 27/1, nº 159, Janvier-Février 2002 (02/2002), 115-122; Eyt, Pierre ; Meunier, Paul. Cardinal Pierre Eyt: entretien avec Paul Meunier. Bordeaux : Mollat, 1997; Jore, Alexander. Épiscopologe Français de 1592 à 1973. Mis à jour et continué jusqu'en 2004. Complément de l'article "France" du Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastiques t. XVIII, colonnes 161 à 532. Pro-Manuscripto, 25-III-2004, no. 3268.

Links. Photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in French, Wikipedia; photograph and biography by Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave; photographs, Araldica Vaticana; French Cardinal Challenges Ratzinger, Catholic News, 21/2/00; Mort du cardinal Pierre Eyt, La Depeche; French Cardinal Eyt Dies at Age 67, Zenit, the world seen from Rome.

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