The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
(1903-2011)
H

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HAMAO, Stephen Fumio
(1930-2007)

Birth. March 9, 1930, Tōkyō, Japan. He was baptized when he was sixteen years old. His elder brother, Minoru, was a chamberlain to the emperor of Japan.

Education. Tōkyō State University, Tōkyō; Major Interdiocesan Seminary, Tōkyō, from 1949; Pontifical Collegio Urbaniano, Rome, from 1951 (philosophy and theology); Pontifical Gregorian University (canon law). He spoke English, French, Italian and Spanish, besides Japanese, and was learning Korean when he died. He taught Latin to Crown Prince Akihito, who later became emperor of Japan, but firmly opposed the new push for Latin in the Catholic Church.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 21, 1957, Rome, chapel of the Pontifical Collegio Urbaniano, Rome, by Pietro Sigismondi, titular archbishop of Neapoli di Pisidia, secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide. In the same ceremony was also ordained Emmanuel Wamala, future cardinal. Returned to Tōkyō and worked in the chancery; was secretary to the cardinal archbishop; vice-chancellor of the archdiocese; notary and vice-official of the ecclesiastical tribunal; responsible for ministry to students in the archdiocese; pastor of the cathedral; secretary of the Episcopal Commission for Liturgy; member of the presbyteral council; and member of the preparatory commission of the archdiocesan synod.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Oreto and appointed auxiliary of Tōkyō, February 5, 1970. Consecrated, April 29, 1970, cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Tōkyō, by Bruno Wustenberg, titular archbishop of Tiro, pro-nuncio in Japan, assisted by Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, archbishop of Tōkyō, and by Luke Katsusaburo Arai, bishop of Yokohama. In 1970, he was a passenger on Japan Airlines flight 351, which was hijacked. Transferred to see of Yokohama, October 30, 1979. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983. President of the Episcopal Conference of Japan, 1995-1998. In 1996, he initiated the annual meeting of Japanese and Korean bishops that has continued. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998. Promoted to archbishop and named president of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care for Migrants and Itinerants, June 15, 1998; resigned the pastoral government of the diocese of Yokohama, June 15, 1998. Attended the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. His sense of humor and his willingness to travel anywhere to spend time with refugees, seafarers, circus workers and Roman gypsies became distinctive marks of his ministry.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Giovanni Bosco in via Tuscolana, October 21, 2003. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Resigned the presidency of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants for having reached the age limit, March 11, 2006. After returning from Japan on August 24, 2006, he underwent medical tests at Rome's Gemelli Hospital. The doctors there diagnosed lung cancer, and he decided to return to his homeland. Two days before departing for Tōkyō on October 9, he had a private audience with the pope. His work as consultor in the Congregation for the Causes of Saints helped advance the cause of 188 Japanese martyrs who would be beatified in 2008.

Death. November 8, 2007, in the evening, of lung cancer, Tōkyō. The funeral took place on Monday November 12, 2007, at noon, at the metropolitan cathedral of St. Mary, Tōkyō, with Cardinal Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, archbishop emeritus of Tōkyō, as principal celebrant and representative of Pope Benedict XVI. Some 1,800 people, including about 200 bishops and priests, took part in the concelebrated mass. The late cardinal was buried at the Catholic Cemetery of the Yokohama diocese, in a specially constructed tomb at the center of the cemetery.

Links. Brief biographical data, in English (at the end of the page), diocese of Yokohama; and some of his documents, in English, Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People.


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HAMER, O.P., Jean Jérôme
(1916-1996)

Birth. June 1, 1916, Brussels, Belgium.

Education. Joined the Order of Preachers (Dominicans), September, 1934; took name of Jérôme. Studied at the Dominican Studium Generale, La Sarte and Louvain; military service; during the Second World War, was three months in prison (1940); University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland (doctorate in theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, August 3, 1941. Further studies, 1941-1944. Faculty member, University of Fribourg, 1944-1962; Pontifical Angelicum Athenaeum, Rome, 1952-1953; Studium Generale, La Sarte; Dominican faculty of Saulchoir, France; rector, 1956-1962. Secretary general of studies of his order and general assistant for French Dominican provinces, 1962-1966. Expert at the Secretariat for Christian Unity of the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Secretary adjunct of the Secretariat for Christian Unity, 1966-1969; secretary, April 12, 1969.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Lorium and appointed secretary of the S.C. for Doctrine of Faith, June 14, 1973. Consecrated, June 29, 1973, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope Paul VI, assisted by Agostino Casaroli, titular archbishop of Cartago, secretary of the S.C. for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, and by Bernardin Gantin, former archbishop of Cotonou, secretary of the S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979. Pro-prefect of the Congregation for Religious and Secular Institutes, April 8, 1984.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Saba, May 25, 1985. Prefect of the Congregation for Religious and Secular Institutes, May 27, 1985. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Papal delegate to the Ninth centennial celebration of the monastery of St. John Evangelist, Patmos and Athens, Greece, September 23 to 27, 1988. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly the of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991. Resigned prefecture, January 21, 1992. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro illa vice to title, January 29, 1996. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when he turned 80 years old, June 1, 1996.

Death. December 2, 1996, Rome. Buried in the chapel of the Order of Preachers, Campo Verano cemetery, Rome.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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HENGSBACH, Franz
(1910-1991)

Birth. September 10, 1910, Velmede, archdiocese of Paderborn, Germany. Son of Johann and Theresia Hengsbach; he had five brothers and two sisters.

Education. Institute of Brilon, Brilon; Seminary of Paderborn, Paderborn; Seminary of Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau; Theological Faculty, Münich (obtained a doctorate in theology in 1944; dissertation: Das Wesen der Verkündigung - Eiene homiletische Untersuchung auf paulinischer Grundlag).

Priesthood. Ordained, March 13, 1937, Paderborn, by Kaspar Klein, archbishop of Paderborn. Vicar, Herne-Bukau, St. Mariren, 1937-1946. Secretary general of the Academy Bonifat-Eingung in Paderborn, 1946-1948. General secretary of the Central Committee for the Preparation of German Catholics, 1947. Director of the archdiocesan pastoral office of Paderborn, January 1, 1948-1958. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, 1952. General secretary of the Central Committe of German Catholic, April 30, 1952.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Cantano and appointed auxiliary of Paderborn, August 20, 1953. Consecrated, September 29, 1953, metropolitan cathedral of Paderborn, by Lorenz Jaeger, archbishop of Paderborn, assisted by Wilhelm Weskamm, bishop of Berlin, and by Friedrich Maria Rintelen, titular bishop of Cusira, auxiliary of Paderborn. Transferred to the see of Essen, November 18, 1957. Founder of "Adveniat", organization of the German episcopate to assist the church in Latin America. Military ordinary for Germany, October 10, 1961 until May 22, 1978. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Attended the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. Grand prior of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem. President, German episcopal commission for Universal Church affairs, 1976. Member, Council of the European Episcopal Conference, 1977. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the title of Nostra Signora di Guadalupe a Monte Mario, June 28, 1988. Lost the right to participate in conclave when turned eighty years of age, September 10, 1990. Resigned the pastoral government of the diocese, February 21, 1991. He was known throughout Germany as the "workers' bishop". He wore a piece of coal in his bishop's ring to symbolize his concern for miners and other workers.

Death. June 24, 1991, in a hospital in Essen, from complications after a stomach surgery. Buried in the crypt of the cathedral of Essen (1). A lifesize colored statue of the cardinal was erected in the cathedral grounds of Essen on the occasion of the centenary of his birth in 2010. The conference center for the training of priests, pastoral education and retreats in the diocese of Essen is named the "Kardinal-Hengsbach-Haus" in his honor.

Bibliography. Brandt, Hans Jürgen ; Hellmich, Klaus. Zeitzeuge Kardinal Franz Hengsbach : zum Gedenken an den Gründerbischof des Bistums Essen, 1910-1991. Essen, Germany : Verlag Ferdinand Kamp GmbH & Co., 1991; Gatz, Erwin. Die Bischöfe der deutschsprachigen Länder, 1945 2001 : ein biographisches Lexikon. Unter Mitwirkung von Franz Xaver Bischof ... [et al.] ; herausgegeben von Erwin Gatz. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 2002, p. 192-198.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the inscription in his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici from Malta:

FRANZ KARDINAL HENGSBACH
10. SEPT. 1910   24. JUNI. 1991
BISCHOF VON ESSEN
1958 - 1991

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HERRANZ CASADO, Julián
(1930-

Birth. March 31, 1930, Baena, diocese of Córdoba, Spain.

Education. Joined the Sacerdotal Society of the Holy Cross and the Opus Dei (1), 1949, while he studied medicine in Madrid; Pontifical University of S. Tommaso d'Aquino, Rome (doctorate in canon law); University of Barcelona, Barcelona (doctorate in medicine); University of Navarra, Pamplona (doctorate in medicine).

Priesthood. Ordained, August 7, 1955, church of la Concepción, Madrid, by Juan Ricote Alonso, titular bishop of Miletopoli, auxiliary of Madrid. Professor of canon law, University of Navarra. Worked in the S.C. of the Council in catechetical and disciplinary matters concerning Latin America. In the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965, was assistant of study of the commissions for the discipline of the clergy and the Christian people. Undersecretary of the Pontifical Commission for the Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law. Member of the Institute of Juridical Studies Martín de Azpilcueta and of the editorial board of the journal Studi Cattolici, Milan, and Ius Canonicum, Pamplona. Collaborator to the Dictionarium morale et canonicum, Rome, and to the Gran Enciclopedia Rialp, Madrid. Collaborator also to numerous publications on canon law. In the prelature of the Opus Dei has performed pastoral ministry in Italy, Spain, Hispanic America, England, Ireland, France and Kenya. Secretary of the Pontifical Commission for the Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law, later Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts, 1984. Consultor of the Congregation for Bishops and member of several special commissions of the Roman Curia.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Vertara, December 15, 1990. Consecrated, January 6, 1991, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Giovanni Battista Re, titular archbishop of Vescovio, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Justin Francis Rigali, titular archbishop of Bolsena, secretary of the Congregation for Bishops. In the same ceremony were consecrated future Cardinals Jean-Louis Tauran, Vinko Puljić, and Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, of the Fathers of Schönstatt. His episcopal motto is Domine ut videam. Promoted to archbishop, and named president of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts, December 19, 1994; confirmed for another quinquennium, November 16, 1999. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998. President of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia, December 3, 1999. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Eugenio, October 21, 2003. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Reappointed president of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts and president of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia, April 21, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Elected honorary academician of Real Academia de Jurisprudencia y Legislación de España, January 15, 2007. On February 15, 2007, the pope accepted the resignation from the post of president of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts that he had presented according to canon 354 of the Code of Canon Law. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 1750º anniversary of the martyrdom of Bishop Saint Fructuoso and Deacons Saints Augurio and Eulogio, known as the protomartyrs of Tarragona, Spain, which took place in that city on January 25, 2009. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age on March 31, 2010. Resigned the presidency of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia, May 11, 2010. President of the Commission of Cardinals to investigate the leak of reserved and confidential documents on television, in newspapers and in other communications media, April 24, 2012. Opted for the order of cardinal priests on June 12, 2014 and his deaconry, S.Eugenio, was elevated pro hac vice to title.

Links. Interview, on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the Code of Canon Law, Vatican Radio, January 25, 2003, in Spanish; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Spanish Cardinal Julián Herranz talks about John Paul II's biggest record, video, Rome Reports, 2012-05-01 18:54:30; Cardenal Herranz asegura que hay más mártires ahora que en cualquier momento de la historia, ACI Prensa, Roma, 10 Jun. 12 / 06:31 pm; Presentaron a Benedicto XVI los resultados de la investigación sobre las cartas robadas by H. Sergio Mora, in Spanish, Zenit, el Mundo visto desde Roma, 18-06-2012; Lombardi: Commission is carrying out full scale investigation into Vatican document leaks by Alessandro Speciale, Vatican Insider, 06/18/2012.

(1) On August 23, 1982, Pope John Paul II erected the Personal Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei by the apostolic constitution Ut Sit.


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HICKEY, James Aloysius
(1920-2004)

Birth. October 11, 1920, Midland, diocese of Saginaw, Michigan, United States of America. Son of James Peter Hickey, a dentist who taught his son about charity by example, treating patients who could not pay for their dental care during the Depression, and Agnes Ryan.

Education. Sacred Heart Seminary College, Detroit; Catholic University of America, Washington; Pontifical Lateran University (doctorate in canon law); Pontifical Angelicum University, Rome (doctorate in theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, June 15, 1946, Saginaw, by William Francis Murphy, bishop of Saginaw. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Saginaw, 1946-1947. Further studies, Rome, 1947-1951. In Saginaw, pastoral ministry; secretary to the bishop, 1957-1966; founder and rector of St. Paul Seminary. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965; as expert and assistant to Bishop Stephen Stanislaus Woznicki of Saginaw. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, October 31, 1963.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Taraqua and appointed auxiliary of Saginaw, February 18, 1967. Consecrated, April 14, 1967, cathedral of St. Mary, Saginaw, by John Francis Dearden, archbishop of Detroit, assisted by Stephen Stanislaus Woznicki, bishop of Saginaw, and by Stephen Aloysius Leven, titular bishop of Bure, auxiliary of San Antonio. His episcopal motto was Veritatem in caritate. Rector of the North American College, Rome, March 1969. Transferred to the see of Cleveland, May 31, 1974. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Washington, June 17, 1980.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria Madre del Redentore a Tor Bella Monaca, June 28, 1988. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; member of the general secretariat, 1990-1994. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Special papal envoy to the ceremonies for the 150th anniversary of the erection of the diocese of Cleveland, U.S.A., August 17, 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, October 11, 2000. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, November 21, 2000.

Death. October 24, 2004, at 6:15 a.m., in his sleep while suffering from pneumonia, at the Jeanne Jugan Home of the Little Sisters of the Poor, Washington, D.C. The funeral took place in the basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception; Cardinal William Wakefield Baum, penitentiary major emeritus and former archbishop of Washington, represented the pope; the main celebrant was Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick, archbishop of Washington. The late cardinal was buried in St. Francis Chapel, St. Matthew's metropolitan cathedral, Washington (1). Cardinal Patrick O'Boyle, former archbishop of Washington, was also buried there following his death in 1987.

Bibliography. Bransonm, Charles N. Ordinations of U.S. Catholic bishops, 1790-1989. A chronological list. Washington : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 151; Code, Bernard. American Bishops 1964-1970. St. Louis : Wexford Press, 1970, p. 9 MacGregor, Morris. "Hickey, James Aloysius." New Catholic encyclopedia : jubilee volume, the Wojtyła years. Detroit, MI : Gale Group in association with the Catholic University of America, 2001, p. 309-310.

Links. Photograph and biography, in English; his arms, archdiocese of Washington; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the simple inscription in his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

JAMES CARDINAL HICKEY
1920 - 2004
ARCHBISHOP OF WASHINGTON
1980 - 2000


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HONORÉ, Jean
(1920-2013)

Birth. August 13, 1920, Saint-Brice-en-Coglès (Ille-et-Vilaine), archdiocese of Rennes, France. From a family of merchants that had eight children. His baptismal name was Jean Marcel. His parents died when he was very young.

Education. Intial studies in Saint-Brice-en-Coglès; then, at Collège of Saint-Malo; later, at the Major Seminary of Rennes; and finally, at the Institut Catholique, Paris, where he earned a doctorate in theology, with a thesis on the spirituality of Cardinal John Henry Newman; he also obtained a diploma from Ecole Pratique de Hautes Études.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1943, for the archdiocese of Rennes. Professor of letters in the colleges of Saint-Vincent, Rennes (1945) and of Saint-Malo (1946-1947); professor of dogmatic theology and catechesis, Major Seminary of Rennes (1948-1958); secretary general of the National Commission for Religious Education and director of the National Center of Religious Teaching (1958-1964). Domestic prelate of His Holiness, November 19, 1964 (title changed to prelate of honor of His Holiness in 1968). Rector of the Catholic University of the West in Angers (1964-1972).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Evreux, October 24, 1972. Consecrated, December 17, 1972, cathedral of Notre-Dame, Evreux, by Cardinal Paul-Joseph-Marie Gouyon, archbishop of Rennes, assisted by André Paillier, archbishop of Rouen, and by Henri Louis Marie Mazerat, bishop of Angers. His episcopal motto was Cor ad cor loquitur. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Tours, August 13, 1981. Member of the Congregation for Catholic Education. In 1985, he ws named member of the editorial board for the preparation of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, which was published in 1992. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, July 23, 1997.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria della Salute a Primavalle, February 21, 2001. Promoted to the cardinalate when he was over 80 years old, and thus, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Among his published works were L'itinéraire spirituel de Newman (Seuil, 1964); Présence au monde et Parole de Dieu (Mame, 1969); La fidélité d'une conoscience (Cld, 1986); Newman, sa vie, et sa pensé (Descléè, 1988); La Pensée christologique de Newman (Descléè, 1996); Fais paraître ton jour, Newman prophète e poète de l'au-delá (Cerf, 2000); Fais paraitre ton Newman, un homme de Dieu (Cerf, 2003) e, and Les aphorismes de Newman (Cerf, 2007). In 2006, he published the book of memories Le grâce d'être né (Presses de la renaissance).

Death. February 28, 2013, in the morning, in a hospital in Tours, where he had been admitted two days earlier. Upon learning the news of his death, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of the soul of the late cardinal and sent Bernard-Nicolas Jean-Marie Aubertin, O. Cist., archbishop of Tours, a telegram of condolence (1). From Friday March 1 to Monday March 4, 2013, the body of the late cardinal rested in the chapel of the Great Bretèche, the mother house of the Dominicans of the Presentation, situated at 15 quai Portillon in Tours. The chapel will open from 9 a.m until 5 p.m. The obsequies, presided by Archbishop Aubertin, O. Cist., were celebrated in the metropolitan cathedral of that archdiocese. More than one thousand persons took part in the ceremony, as well as tens of priests and numerous religious and civil personalities. Concelebrating were Luigi Ventura, titular archbishop of Equilo, apostolic nuncio in France; Jean-Louis Bruguès, archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church, who delivered the eulogy; Pierre d'Ornellas, archbishop of Rennes; Denis Moutel, bishop of St-Brieuc; Christian Nourrichard, bishop of Evreux; Jean Orchampt, bishop emeritus of Angers; the vicars general of Blois and of Bourges; and Monsignor Bernard Podvin, adjunct secretary general and representative of the French Episcopal Conference. Present were representatives of other Christian confessions and of the Jewish and Muslim religions. Also present were M. Frédéric Thomas, president of the gneral council; Mme. Claude Greff, deputy; Mme. Arlette Bosc, adjunct mayor of Tours; M. Jean Germain, mayor of Tours; and M. Sibilleau, director of the cabinet of the prefect. The inhumation took place in the metropolitan cathedral, in a lateral chapel, beside the tombs of archbishops emeritus of Tours Michel Paul Marie Moutel, P.S.S., who died in 1998; and Louis Henri Marie Ferrand, who died in 2003.

Bibliography. Jore, Alexander. Épiscopologe Français de 1592 à 1973. Mis à jour et continué jusqu'en 2004. Complément de l'article "France" du Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastiques t. XVIII, colonnes 161 à 532. Pro-Manuscripto, 25 - III- 2004, no. 3196.

Links. Biography, in French, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa de la Santa Sede; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Le cardinal Jean Honoré est mort by Claire Lesegretain , La Croix, 28/2/13 - 12 h 40; Décès du Cardinal Jean Honoré, Archevêque émérite de Tours, Conférence des évêques de France - 28 féévrier 2013; Décès du Cardinal Jean Honoré, archdiocese of Tours; Les obsèques du Cardinal Jean Honoré, archdiocese of Tours.

(1) This is the text of the telegam, taken from the Press Office of the Holy See:
Son Excellence
Monseigneur Bernard-Nicolas Aubertin
Archêveque de Tours
Apprenant avec émotion le décès du Cardinal Jean Honoré, archvêque êmêrite de Tours, je vous adresse mes vives condolêances ainsi qu'à sa famille et à ses anciens diocésains. Que le Seigneur accueille dans sa paix et dans sa lumière ce pasteur fidèle, qui a servi l'Église avec dévouement dans l'Enseignement catholique et dans la catéchèse, puis comme Evêque d'Evreux et enfin comme Archevêque de Tours. Artisan compétent et passionné de la rédaction du Catéchisme de l'Église catholique, il a toujours eu le souci d'annoncer l'Évangile à tous dans le monde contemporain. En gage de réconfort, je vous adresse una particulière Bénédiction Apostolique, ainsi qu'à la famille du Cardinal défunte et à ses proches, à ses anciens diocésains de Tours et d'Evreux, ainsi quà toutes les personne qui prenderont part à la célébration des obsèques.

BENEDICTUS PP. XVI

Analogous telegram was sent by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State.


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HUME, O.S.B., George Basil
(1923-1999)

Birth. March 2, 1923, Newcastle-on-Tyne, diocese of Hexham and Newcastle, England. Son of Sir William Elrington Hume, a Scottish Protestant and prominent heart surgeon, and his wife Marie Élizabeth Tisseyre, a French Catholic. They met in France during the First World War and were married there in 1918. They had three daughters and two sons; Basil was the third child and eldest son.

Education. Saint Lawrence Abbey, Ampleforth; Oxford University, Oxford; University of Fribourg, Fribourg. Joined Order of Saint Benedict; took the name Basil; solemn profession, 1945.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 23, 1950. Further studies, 1950-1953. Faculty member, Superior School, Saint Lawrence Abbey, Ampleforth, 1953-1963. Elected abbot of Saint Lawrence abbey, Ampleforth, 1963; confirmed, 1970.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Westminster, February 9, 1976. Consecrated, March 25, 1976, cathedral of the Most Precious Blood, Westminster, London, by Bruno Bernard Heim, titular archbishop of Xanto, apostolic delegate in Great Britain, assisted by Basil Christopher Butler, titular bishop of Nova Barbara, and by John Gerard McClean, bishop of Middlesbrough. His episcopal motto was Pax inter spinas.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Silvestro in Capite, May 24, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. President of the European Episcopal Conference. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; member of general secretariat, 1980-1983. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; member of general secretariat, 1983-1986. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; member of general secretariat until 1987. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; relator general. Announced that he was in the advanced stages of cancer, April 1999. He was decorated by Queen Elizabeth II with the Order of Merit on May 25, 1999. On his deathbed, he asked to be buried in his Benedictine habit and his pallium.

Death. June 17, 1999, of inoperable abdominal cancer, in London. The funeral mass took place on June 25, 1999 at Westminster cathedral, London; and was celebrated by Cardinal Edward Idris Cassidy, president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, who was the pope's personal representative. Also concelebrating were Cardinal Thomas Winning, archbishop of Glasgow; Cardinal Cahal Daly, archbishop emeritus of Armagh; and Cardinal Adrianus Johannes Simonis, archbishop of Utrecht. The other concelebrants included the entire Episcopate of England and Wales, as well as Pablo Puente, titular archbishop of Macri, nuncio in Great Britain. The rite of Final Commendation and Farewell was conducted by Bishop Vincent Nichols, apostolic adminstrator of the archdiocese of Westminster; and the Burial was conducted by Monsignor George Stack, adminstrator of Westminster cathedral, future archbishop of Cardiff. Two thousand people participated in the funeral mass. The late cardinal was buried in the chapel of St. Gregory and St. Augustine, Westminster metropolitan cathedral, London (1). A monument to Cardinal Hume was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth II, outside St. Mary's Roman Cathedral in Newcastle upon Tyne on May 7, 2002.

Bibliography. Basil Hume : a portrait. Edited by Tony Castle. London : Collins, 1986; Bellenger, Dominc Aidan and Stella Fletcher. Princes of the church. A history of the English cardinals. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire : Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2001, p. 143, 149, 154, 161, 164-168 and 179; Howard, Anthony. Basil Hume : the monk cardinal. London : Headline, 2005. Commentary: On his death in 1999, the London Times observed: "Few churchmen in this century, inside or outside the Catholic Church, have died more deeply loved." Basil Hume's 23-year reign brought with it a state of harmony within the Catholic Church that hadn't been enjoyed for four centuries. A deeply holy man, Hume knew at an early age the path he wanted to follow, but it was never an easy journey. Ultimately, however, nothing could deter his dedication to that in which he believed, including his tireless campaign on behalf of the Maguire Seven and the Guildford Four. Granted unique access to Cardinal Hume's private papers and the people who knew him best, Anthony Howard chronicles Hume's long reign with clarity and insight; Schofield, Nicholas ; Skinner, Gerard. The English cardinals. Oxford, UK : Family Publications, 2007, p. 216-221; Walsh, Michael J. The Westminster cardinals : the past and the future. London ; New York : Burns & Oates, 2008, p. 195-222.

Links. His portrait and biography, in English, archdiocese of Westminster; biography, in English (Britannica); his arms, Araldica Vaticana; and the Cardinal George Basil Hume Memorial Garden, statue by Nigel Boonham, St. Mary's cathedral, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumbria, England.

(1) Thi is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

GEORGE
BASIL
HUME
O S B
2 MARCH 1923
17 JUNE 1999
Cardinal Priest
of San Silvestro
in Capite
FOURTH ABBOT OF AMPLEFORTH + 1963 - 1976
NINTH ARCHBISHOP OF WESTMINSTER 1976 - 1999


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HUMMES, O.F.M., Cláudio
(1934-

Birth. August 8, 1934, Montenegro, archdiocese of Porto Alegre, Brazil. His family originated in Germany. Son of Pedro Adão Hummes and Maria Frank Hummes. He was baptized with the names Cláudio Aury Affonso.

Education. Joined the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) on February 1, 1952; solemn profession, February 2, 1956; Seminary Seráfico São Francisco, Taquari; Convent São Boaventura, Daltro Filho, Garibaldi (philosophy); Convent of Divinópolis, Divinópolis (theology); Pontifical Antonian Athenaeum, Rome (doctorate in philosophy; thesis: Renovação das provas tradicionais da existência de Deus por Maurice Blondel em l'Action [1893]); Institut Oecuménique, Bossey, Geneva, Switzerland (specialization in Ecumenism). Besides his native Portuguese, he also speaks Spanish, German and Italian.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 3, 1958, Divinópolis, by João Batista Resende Costa, S.D.B., titular archbishop of Martiropoli, coadjutor, with right of succession, of Belo Horizonte. Further studies, Rome, 1959-1963. Further studies, Geneva, Switzerland, 1968. Professor of philosophy, Franciscan Seminary of Garibaldi and pastoral ministry in a parish, 1963-1968; concurrently, consultor for ecumenism of the National Conference of Bishops of Brazil, 1965-1968. Further studies, Geneva, Switzerland, 1968. From 1969 to 1972, professor and rector of the faculty of Philosophy of Viamão (RS), and professor of philosophy in the Pontifical Catholic University of Porto Alegre and counselor to the Franciscan students of philosophy. Provincial superior of the Franciscans of Rio Grande do Sul, in Porto Alegre, 1972-1975. President of the Latin American Franciscan Council.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Carcabia and appointed coadjutor with right of succession of Santo André, March 22, 1975. Consecrated, May 25, 1975, Mother of God cathedral, Porto Alegre, by Aloísio Lorscheider, O.F.M., archbishop of Fortaleza, assisted by Mauro Morelli, titular bishop of Vartaba, and by Urbano Allgayer, titular bishop of Tunnuna. His episcopal motto is Vos sois todos irmaos. Succeeded to the see of Santo André, December 29, 1975. In Santo André, he helped to organize the metallurgical labor unions and supported their strikes; he also opened the doors of the churches to the clandestine reunions of the unionists and hid the leaders, persecuted by the military dictatorship (1964-1985), among them Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the current president of Brazil; he opposed the Theology of Liberation and was a tireless defender of the poor and human rights. Attended the V Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980. Attended the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Fortaleza, May 29, 1996. He was one of the leading organizers of the World Encounter of Families in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Transferred to the metropolitan see of São Paulo, April 15, 1998. Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Antonio da Padova in Via Merulana, February 21, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Preached the Lenten spiritual exercises at the Vatican for the pope and the Roman Curia, February 18 to 23, 2002. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, December 16, 2004. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese of São Paulo and was named prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy, October 31, 2006. Participated in the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 16th Eucharistic Congress of Brazil, which took place in Brasília from May 13 to 16, 2010. Resigned the prefecture of the Congregation for the Clergy for limit of age on October 7, 2010. He resides in São Paulo. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On September 14, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the conclusive celebrations of the 25th anniversary of the canonization of Saint Roque González de Santa Cruz, S.J., and martyr companions, programmed in Asunción, Paraguay, on November 15, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014. He lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on August 8, 2014. He resides in São Paulo.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B., André and Charles N. Bransom. "Franciscan bishops." Franciscan Studies, XLVIII (1988), 315-316.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Portuguese, archdiocese of São Paulo; his photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; his photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Ratzinger's resignation seen from the south by Alver Metalli, Vatican Insider, 02/11/2014; Diciotto giorni in Amazzonia by Alver Metalli, Vatican Insider, 9/06/2014.


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HUSAR, M.S.U., Lubomyr
(1933-

Birth. February 26, 1933, Lviv, Ukraine. Son of Jarosław Husar and Rościsława Demezuk. He felt his vocation to the priesthood when he was ten years old. Because of the difficult situation in his country, in 1944 the family sought refuge in Salzburg, Austria, and in 1949 migrated to the United States; three weeks after his arrival, he entered the seminary.

Education. St. Basil's College, Stamford, Connecticut (philosophy); Catholic University of America, Washington (licentiate in theology); Fordham University, New York (philosophy; obtained the "habilitation"); Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome (doctorate in theology; thesis: Metropolitan Andrew Sheptytsky - Pioneer of Ecumenism).

Priesthood. Ordained, March 30, 1958 for the eparchy of Stamford of the Ukrainians. From 1958 to 1969, faculty member and prefect, St. Basil's College Seminary, Stamford. From 1966-1969, pastor at Kerhonkson, N.Y. Further studies, Rome, 1969 to 1972. Professor of Ecclesiology, Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, 1972-1984. Entered the Studite monastery, 1972; took the vows, June 24, 1972; superior of the Studite monastery, Grottaferrata, Italy, May 1974.

Episcopate. Consecrated bishop, April 2, 1977, chapel of the Studite monastery, Castelgandolfo, by Cardinal Josyf Slipyj, archbishop major of Lviv of the Ukrainians, assisted by Ivan Prasko, titular bishop of Zigris, and by Isidore Borecky, bishop of Toronto of the Ukrainians; without papal approval. Named archimandrite of the Studiti Monks in Europe and America, July 23, 1978. Named protosincello (vicar general) of the archbishop major of the Ukrainians, Cardinal Myroslav Lubachivsky, then in Rome. In 1993 returned to Ukraine with the community of his monastery. Organized a new monastery of Studiti monks in the eparchy of Ternopil, Ukraine, 1994. Elected by the Synod of Bishops of the Ukrainian Church exarch of the archiepiscopal exarchy of Kyiv-Vyshorod, Ukraine, 1995. Confirmed by the pope and nominated to titular see of Nisa di Licia, February 22, 1996. Named auxiliary of the archbishop major of Lviv of the Ukrainians by the Synod of Bishops of the Ukrainian Church, October 14, 1996 as coadjutor with special delegations in the pastoral goverment of the archdiocese. Attended Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Named by the pope apostolic administrator sede vacante et ad nutum Sanctae Sedis of the major archbishopric of Lviv of the Ukrainians, December 23, 2000. Elected archbishop major of Lviv of the Ukrainians, January 25, 2001. Election confirmed by the pope, January 26, 2001.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received title of S. Sofia a Via Boccea, February 21, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Transferred to the see of Kyiv and Halyć, December 6, 2004. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Resigned from the office of archbishop major of Kyiv-Halyč on February 10, 2011 for reasons of health due to an eye disease badly treated. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on February 26, 2013.

Links. Photograph and biographical data, in Ukranian, at the bottom of the page; photograph and biography, in English, at the bottom of the page; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; and interview with Mark Riedemann, host of the program "Where God weeps", about the story of the Greek Catholic Church and its key role as a mediator in Ukraine; Meet the cardinal who will barely miss out on the 2013 conclave, video, Rome Reports, 2013-02-26 12:19:17.


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