Birth. September 23, 1892, Halle an der Saale, archdiocese of Paderborn, Germany. Son of Lorenz Jaeger and Anna Enke. His last name is also listed as Jäger.
Education. Academy of Paderborn, Paderborn; University of Münich, Münich.
Priesthood. Ordained, April 1, 1922, Paderborn. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Paderborn, 1922-1926. Faculty member in a school in Herne, archdiocese of Paderborn, 1926-1933; and at Hindenburg Realgymnasium, Dortmund, 1933-1939. Military chaplain during the Second World War, 1939-1941.
Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Paderborn, August 10, 1941. Consecrated, October 19, 1941, Paderborn, by Cesare Orsenigo, titular archbishop of Tolemaide di Libia, nuncio in Germany, assisted by Josef Machens, bishop of Hildesheim, and by Augustus Baumann, titular bishop of Casio, auxiliary bishop of Paderborn. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, January 16, 1956. Following Archbishop Jaeger's suggestion, Pope John XXIII founded the Secretariat for the Union of Christians in 1960. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 1965; received the red biretta and title of S. Leone I, February 25, 1965. Attended the I Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, September 23, 1972. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, June 30, 1973.
Death. April 1, 1975, Paderborn. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Paderborn.
Bibliography. Gatz, Erwin. "Jaeger, Lorenz." Die Bischöfe der deutschsprachigen Länder, 1945 2001 : ein biographisches Lexikon. Unter Mitwirkung von Franz Xaver Bischof ... [et al.] ; herausgegeben von Erwin Gatz. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 2002, p. 439-440; Link, Josef J. ; Slominski, Josef Albert, illus. Kardinal Jaeger.. Paderborn, Verlag Bonifacius-Druckerei, 1966; Scheele, Paul Werner. Paderbornensis ecclesia: Beiträge zur Geschichte des Erzbistums Paderborn. Festschrift für Lorenz Kardinal Jaeger zum 80. Geburtstag. München: Schöningh, 1972. Corporate Author: Paderborn. Dom. Metropolitankapitel.
Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.
Birth. February 21, 1921, Siétamo, diocese of Huesca, Spain. One of his brother, José María Javierre Ortas, operario diocesano, is a priest and one of the most distinguished and successful writers and journalists in the Spanish language countries (1).
Education. Joined the Pious Society of St. Francis de Sales (Salesians of Don Bosco); professed in 1940. Salesian houses of study in Huesca, Saragossa and Barcelona (middle studies); Gerona, Barcelona and Salamanca (philosophy); Gerona and Santander (pedagogy); Salamanca, Rome, Italy, and Louvain, Belgium (doctorate in theology; wrote his thesis on the apostolic succession).
Priesthood. Ordained, April 24, 1949. Professor of fundamental theology at the Pontifical Salesian Athenaeum, Turin, 1951-1976; later the athenaeum was transferred to Rome as the Pontifical Salesian University; dean of the theological faculty, 1959-1971; rector magnifico, 1971-1974. Delivered conferences and lectures at the universities of Salamanca, Lima, Guatemala, Navara, Lublin, Warsaw, and Rome (Regina Mundi, Angelicum, Marianum, Gregorian and Lateranense). He had an active participation in several congresses, especially on fundamental theology. Creator, cofounder and secretary general of the "Symposium" of fundamental theology in Louvain and Gazzada. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1959, as expert of the Spanish episcopate. Member of the Faith and Constitution Department, Ecumenical Council of Churches for three years; participated in its World Conferences in New Delhi, Upsala and Nairobi; and in several conferences of "Faith and Constitution", particularly in Montréal, Louvain and Accra; also, in conferences of "Church and Society" of Génève; and in several meetings of the central committee of The Ecumenical Council of Churches held in Paris, Geneva, Utrecht and Heraclion. Consultor of the Vatican Secretariat for Christian Unity. Preached the spiritual exercises for Pope Paul VI and the Roman Curia in Lent.
Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Meta and appointed secretary of the S.C. for Catholic Education, May 20, 1976. Consecrated, June 29, 1976, cathedral of Huesca, by Cardinal Vicente Enrique Tarancón, archbishop of Madrid, assisted by Javier Osés Flamarique, titular bishop of Abula, apostolic administrator, sede vacante, of Huesca, and by Rosalio José Castillo Lara, S.D.B, titular bishop of Precausea, secretary of the Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Code of Canon Law. Attended the III General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria Liberatrice a Monte Testaccio. Librarian and archivist of Holy Roman Church, July 1, 1988 until April 9, 1992. Special papal envoy to the closing celebrations of the 4th centennial of St. John of the Cross' death, December 15, 1991, Ubeda, Spain. Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, January 24, 1992 until June 21, 1996. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; the IX Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Special papal envoy to the 6th Bolivian Marian Eucharistic Congress, October 7 to 12, 1997, Cochabamba, Bolivia. Opted for the order of priests and his deaconry was elevated pro illa vice to title, January 9, 1999. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, February 21, 2001. On Wednesday January 31, 2007, feast of San Giovanni Bosco, founder of the Salesians, the cardinal celebrated mass in the chapel of his residence, near the Vatican; after dinner, the cardinal, the religious of the Congregation of the Servants of Jesus Christ Priest, who took care of his household, and some of his close friends watched the movie "Don Bosco".
Death. Thursday February 1, 2007, at 6:30 a.m., of a cardiac arrest, in his residence in Rome. He had been undergoing dialysis for some time. The body was exposed in his Roman residence, Via Rusticucci nº 13, until Friday, February 2, 2007 at 9:30 a.m., and then transferred to the papal Vatican basilica. On that day, at noon, in the Altar of the Chair, took place the exequies for the late cardinal, presided by Pope Benedict XVI. After the eucharistic celebration, his mortal remains were buried in the chapel tomb of the Salesians next to the Catacombs of San Callisto, Rome (2).
Bibliography. Echeverría, Lamberto de. Episcopologio español contemporáneo, 1868-1985 : datos biográficos y genealogía espiritual de los 585 obispos nacidos o consagrados en España entre el 1 de enero de 1868 y el 31 de diciembre de 1985 . Salamanca : Universidad de Salamanca, 1986. (Acta Salmanticensia; Derecho; 45), p. 140.
Link. Photograph and biography, in Spanish.
(1) Some of his works are Pío X, several editions (Juan Flors, Editor, 1955); Merry del Val (Juan Flors, 1956); El arzobispo mendigo : biografía de Marcelo Spínola (Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, 1974); and Juan XXIII : reto para hoy (Editorial Sígueme, 2000).
(2) This is the inscrition in his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:
Birth. August 21, 1926, Lwów, Poland (now Lviv, Ukraine). Son of Wincenty Jaworski and Stanisława Łastowiecka. His baptismal name is Marian Franciszek.
Education. Studied at the Lviv Major Seminary (moved to Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, Poland), 1945; then at the Jagellonian University, Kraków, where he obtained a doctorate in theology, in 1952; later, at Lublin Catholic University, where he eraned a doctorate in philosophy, in 1954); and also, at the Warsaw Theological Academy, earning a doctorate in the philosophy of religion, in 1965.
Priesthood. Ordained, June 25, 1950, Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, by Eugeniusz Baziak, archbishop of Lviv of the Latins. Vicar of Bashnia parish, Lubachiv, 1950-1952; vicar of Poronin parish. Further studies in Kraków, 1952-1954; further studies in Lublin and Warsaw, 1954-1965. Secretary of the Scientific Council of the Episcopate of Poland, 1970-1984. Dean of the Pontifical Theological Department, Kraków, 1976-1981. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, December 14, 1976. Rector of the Pontifical Theological Academy, Kraków, 1981-1987.
Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Lambesi and appointed apostolic administrator of Lviv for territories within Poland (Lubachiv), May 21, 1984. Consecrated, June 23, 1984, Wawel, Kraków, by Cardinal Franciszek Macharski, archbishop of Kraków, assisted by Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz, archbishop of Wrocław, and by Jerzy Ablewicz, bishop of Tarnów. Doctor Honoris Causa of Bonn University, Germany, 1985. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Lviv of the Latins, January 16, 1991. Attended the First Special Assembly of the the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991. Elected president of the Conference of Roman Catholic Bishops of Ukraine, 1992. Attended theNinth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994, by papal appointment. Apostolic administrator of Lutsk, 1996-1998. Rector of the Major Theological Seminary, Lviv-Briuhovychi, 1997. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of February 21, 1998; published in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Sisto, February 21, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, August 21, 2006. On October 21, 2008, the pope accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the see according to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law.
Bibliography. Nitecki, Piotr. Biskupi Kościoła w Polsce w latach 965-1999. Słownik biograficzny. Przedmowa Henryk Gulbinowicz. Warszawa : Instytut Wydawniczy "Pax", Warszawa 2000, col. 179-180; Prokop, Krzysztof Rafał. Polscy kardynałowie. Kraków : Wydawnictwo WAM, 2001, pp. 383-398.
Links. Photograph, arms and biographical data, in Ukrainian, archdiocese of Lviv; and his arms Araldica Vaticana.
Birth. September 10, 1885, Nes, Ameland Island, archdiocese of Utrecht, Holland. He was the eldest of the eight children of Jan de Jong, baker and farmer, and Trijntje Mosterman.
Education. Minor Seminary of Culemborg, Culemborg, 1898-1904; Seminary of Rijsenburg, Utrecht, 1904-1908; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome; Pontifical Roman Academy of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Rome; obtained doctorates in philosophy and theology.
Priesthood. Ordained, August 15, 1908, Rome. Further studies, 1908-1912. Assistant pastor in the parish church in Amersfoort, 1912-1913; co-rector of the mother house and pensionate of little girls at the Sisters of Mercy, Amersfoort, 1913-1914. Faculty member of the Seminary of Rijsenburg, November 6, 1914-1931; its rector, August 14, 1931-1935. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Utrecht, 1933-1935.
Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Rusio and appointed coadjutor of Utrecht, with right of succession, August 3, 1935. Consecrated, September 12, 1935, metropolitan cathedral of Utrecht, by Pieter Adriaan Willem Hopmans, bishop of Breda, assisted by Arnold Franciscus Diepen, bishop of `s-Hertogenbosch, and by Hendrik Jan Smit, titular bishop of Paralus and former vicar apostolic of Norway. His episcopal motto was Dominus mihi adiutor. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Utrecht, February 6, 1936. Leader against the Nazi occupation of Holland during the Second World War.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 18, 1946; received red hat and title of S. Clemente, October 12, 1946 (1). Papal legate to the National Marian Congress, Maastricht, Holland, August 15, 1947. Left the administration of the archdiocese to a coadjutor in 1951 and retired to the same house where he had worked as a co-rector in Amersfoort.
Death. September 8, 1955, in his sleep, after a long illness, in Amersfoort. Buried in St. Barbara cemetery, in the court of St. Catharina metropolitan cathedral, Utrecht (2). On April 22, 1971 in the Catharijne convent a peace vault was inaugurated in memory of Cardinal Jong, the leader of the Dutch Roman Catholic Church province during the Second World War. On September 3, 1982, Cardinal Johannes Willebrands unveiled a statue of his predecessor in Ameland. In Saint Clemenskerk of Nes, a stained glass window was installed and at the entrance of the church, a plaque was placed in his memory.
Bibliography. Schaik, Ton H. M. van. Aartsbisschop in oorlogstijd : een portret van Kardinaal de Jong (1885-1955). Baarn : Gooi en Sticht, 1996; Spiertz, M. G. "Jan de Jong." Biografisch woordenboek van Nederland. 3 v. 's-Gravenhage : Nijhoff, 1979-1989, II, 259-262.
Links. Biographical data, in Dutch, Stichting Archief- en Documentatiecentrum voor R.K. Friesland, p. 3; his episcopal lineage by Mr. Charles N. Bransom, Jr,, in English, Apostolic Succession in the Roman Catholic Church; and photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana; and photographs, to access them type "de Jong" in "Titel afbeelding", Stichting Archief- en Documentatiecentrum voor R.K. Friesland; biography, in English, Wikipedia.
(1) Cardinal John Joseph Glennon, who was promoted to the cardinalate in the same consistory, received the title of S. Clemente on February 22, 1946, but he died on the following March 9, and then Cardinal Jong was assigned the same title.
(2) This is the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici from Malta:
Birth. July 5, 1923, Sint-Niklaas, diocese of Gent, Belgium. The youngest of eight children, he had three brothers who were priests, one of whom was a missionary in Japan.
Education. Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (doctorate in canon law, 1949). He became a friend of Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, while both resided at the Belgian College in Rome between 1946 and 1948 (1).
Priesthood. Ordained, April 28, 1946, Gent. Vicar in Beveren-Waas, December 13, 1949. Professor in Aalst (Centre d' Information pour Brancardier Ecclesiastiques), September 5, 1951. Professor at the Major Seminary of Gent, July 3, 1959. Notary at the ecclesiastical tribunal of the diocese of Gent, August 8, 1959. Honorary canon of the cathedral chapter of Gent, September 29, 1961; ordinary canon, September 22, 1967. Pastor in Landskouter, August 11, 1970 until his death. Judicial vice-vicar of the diocese of Gent, 1970; judicial vicar, November 5, 1984. Judge of the Interdiocesan Court of the Belgian Church, Amberes, February 1, 1994 until his death.
Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Ieper, October 7, 2003. Consecrated, October 11, 2003, chapel of the bishopric of Gent, by Arthur Luysterman, bishop of Gent, assisted by Paul Van den Berghe, bishop of Antwerpen, and by Jozef De Kesel, titular bishop of Bulna, auxiliary of Malines-Brussels. His episcopal motto was Diliges me.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Pier Damiani ai Monti di San Paolo, October 21, 2003. When he was promoted to the cardinalate, the cardinal was already 80 years old, therefore, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave.
Death. November 2, 2004, at his home adjacent to the rural parish of Landskouter, Oosterzele, which he led since 1970, when he fell ill after saying mass. His funeral mass was celebrated at the cathedral of Saint-Bavon de Gand on Friday November 12, at 11 a.m., by Luc Van Looy, bishop of Gent. In accordance to the cardinal's wishes, the final absolution was held in his parish church in Landskouter prior to the burial in the local cemetery (2).
Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) At that time, young Father Joos was studying canon law at the Pontifical Gregorian University, while Father Wojtyla was writing his doctoral thesis under the direction of Dominican Father Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange.
(2) This is the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:
Birth. July 18, 1884, Rome, Italy.
Education. Studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome; and at the "Studium" of the Sacred Roman Rota, Rome.
Priesthood. Ordained, April 18, 1908, Rome. Faculty member of the Interdiocesan Seminary of Perugia, 1908-1910. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Rome, 1910-1958. Official of the vicariate of Rome, 1910-1918. Secretary of the Institute for Works of Religion, 1918-1922; president, 1922-1958. Secretary of the Cardinalitial Commission for the Special Administration of the Holy See, 1940-1947. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, June 23, 1922. Protonotary apostolic, April 8, 1933. Auditor general of the Apostolic Chamber, January 24, 1947. Secretary of the Sacred College of Cardinals, 1947-1958. Vicar of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, January 24, 1947. Delegate for the Special Administration of the Holy See, April 1, 1947. Secretary of the conclave of 1958, which elected Pope John XXIII; and regent of the secretariat of Sacred College of Cardinals, October 9, 1958. At the end of the conclave, the new Pope John XXIII placed his cardinalitial skullcap on the head of Monsignor Di Jorio thus indicating that he would be created cardinal in the next consistory.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of December 15, 1958; received the red hat and the deaconry pro illa vice of S. Pudenziana, December 18, 1958. Director of the administrative secretariat for the preparation of the Second Vatican Council, June 15, 1960. Pro-president of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City, August 14, 1961. For many years, he served as President of Istituto per le Opere di Religione, the Vatican bank; occupied the post until 1968. His cardinalitial motto was Innova.
Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Castra Nova, April 5, 1962. Consecrated, April 19, 1962, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Cardinal Giuseppe Pizzardo and by Cardinal Benedetto Aloisi Masella. In the same ceremony were consecrated Cardinals Joaquín Anselmo María Albareda, O.S.B., Antonio Bacci, Augustin Bea, S.J., Francesco Bracci, Michael Browne, O.P., William Theodore Heard, André Jullien, P.S.S., Arcadio María Larraona, C.M.F., Francesco Morano, Alfredo Ottaviani and Francesco Roberti. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was restored to title, June 26, 1967. Resigned the pro-presidency of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City, November 4, 1968. Lost his right to participate in the conclave by being older than eighty years, January 1, 1971. In 1978, at the mass celebrating the seventieth anniversary of his priestly ordination, Pope Paul VI preached the homily. At his death, he was the oldest member of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
Death. September 5, 1979, at his Roman residence. Buried in the basilica of S. Pudenziana, Rome.
Link. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) This is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:
Birth. October 7, 1867, Villa San Stefano, diocese of Ferentino, Papal State.
Education. Studied at the Seminary of Ferentino; and later, at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, where he obtained doctorates in theology and utroque iure, both canon and civil law.
Priesthood. Ordained, September 17, 1891, Palestrina. Further studies in Rome. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Rome and staff member of the Apostolic Datary, 1891-1918. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, November 15, 1901; reappointed, December 16, 1903; and again, September 9, 1914. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, March 11, 1915. Deputy for the Roman monasteries, 1916. Secretary of the Apostolic Datary and undersecretary of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments, October 20, 1918. Protonotary apostolic, November 30, 1918. Ordinary of the Pious Union of St. Paul, 1920. Secretary of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments, January 5, 1928. Deputy for the Economy of the Pontifical Roman Seminary, December 15, 1930.Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of December 16, 1935; received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Apollinare, December 19, 1935. His cardinalitial motto was De forti dulcedo. Prefect of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments, December 20, 1935. Participated in the conclave of 1939, which elected Pope Pius XII. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro illa vice to title, February 18, 1946. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, June 21, 1948 to March 14, 1949.
Death. Thursday October 21, 1954, at 12:15 p.m., of a heart attack, in his apartment in the Palace of the Holy Office, Rome. The funeral took place on Monday October 25, 1954, in the church of S. Andrea della Valle, Rome. After the funeral, the body was transferred to and buried in the church of S. Apollinare, Rome (1).
Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) This is the inscription over his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:
Birth. January 26, 1891, Genève, Switzerland. Son of Jean-Louis Journet and Jenny Bondat. He was baptized on the same day of his birth in the church of Sacré-Coeur. He received the sacrament of confirmation on June 12, 1903, in the same chuch, from Joseph Déruaz, bishop of Lausanne et Genève.
Education. Seminary of Fribourg, Fribourg.
Priesthood. Ordained, July 15, 1917, Fribourg. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Fribourg, 1917-1924. Faculty member of the Seminary of Fribourg, 1924-1965. Founder of the theological journal Nova et Vetera. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, August 13, 1946. He was a world famed theologian (1).
Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Fornos minore, February 15, 1965. Consecrated, February 20, 1965, cathedral of Saint Nicholas, Fribourg, by François Charrière, bishop of Lausanne, Genève et Fribourg, assisted by Franz von Streng, bishop of Basel e Lugano, and by Louis-Sevérin Haller, titular bishop of Betlemme, abbot nullius of Saint Maurice.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 22, 1965; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Campitelli, February 25, 1965. Attended the last session of the Second Vatican Council, 1965. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, January 26, 1971. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro illa vice to title, March 5, 1973.
Death. April 15, 1975, Fribourg. Buried in the Chartreuse de la Valsainte, in Gruyères, Fribourg Canton, Switzerland.
Bibliography. Boissard, Guy. Charles Journet (1891-1975) : biographie. Paris : Salvator, 2008. (Biographie; Variation: Biographie (Paris, France)); Boissard, Guy; Latala, Renata ; Rime, Jacques. Charles Journet et "Nova et vetera". Génève : Ad Solem, 2007. Corporate Author: Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire (Fribourg, Switzerland). Note: Issued in conjunction with an exhibition held at the Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire de Fribourg, from April 28-June 17, 2006; Boissard, Guy. Une grande amitié : Charles Journet - Jacques Maritain. Préface de Nathalie Nabert. Génève : Ad Solem, 2006; Boissard, Guy. Quelle neutralité face à l'horreur : le courage de Charles Journet. Préface de René Rémond ; postface du père Georges Cottier. Saint-Maurice : Saint-Augustin, 2000; Charles Journet (1891-1975): un théologien en son siècle: actes du colloque de Genève, 1991. Sous la direction de Philippe Chenaux; contrib. de Guy Bedouelle ... et al. 2e éd. (réimpr.) Fribourg : Éditions universitaires; Paris: Éditions Mame, 1992; Charles Journet : un témoin du XXe siècle : actes de la Semaine théologique de l'niversité de Fribourg, Faculté de théologie, 8-12 avril 2002. Édition établie par Marta Rossignotti Jaeggi et Guy Boissard. Paris : Parole et silence, 2003. (Collection Sagesse et cultures). Corporate Author: Université de Fribourg. Faculté de théologie. Semaine théologique (2002 : Fribourg, Switzerland); Charles Journet, un théologien contemplatif. Fribourg : Éditions universitaires, 1991. (Nova et vetera; année 66, no 4, octobre-decembre 1991); Méroz, Lucien. Le cardinal Journet, ou, La sainte théologie. Lausanne : L'Age d'homme, 1981.
Link. His portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) This is the catalog of his works, taken from Boissard, Charles Journet (1891-1975) : biographie, p. 593-596:
L'Église du Verbe incarné, premières éditions: Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, t. I, 1941; t. II, 1952; t. III, 1969. Réédition: Saint-Maurice, St-Augustin, t. I, "La hiérarchie apostolique" (1998); t. II, "La structure interne de l'Église: la Christ, la Vierge, l'Esprit Saint" (1999); t. III, "La structure interne de l'Église et son unité catholique" (2000); t. IV; "Essai de théologie de l'histoire du salut" (2004); t. V, "Compléments et inédits" (2005); Journet-Maritain, Correspondance, Fribourg, Éd. Universitaires, Paris, Éd. Saint-Paul, t. I, 1920-1929 (1996); t. II, 1930-1939 (1997); Saint-Maurice, Éd. Saint-Augustin, Éd. Parole et Silence, t. III, 1940-1949 (1998); Saint-Maurice, Saint-Augustin, t. IV, 1950-1957 (2005); t. V, 1958-1964 (2006); Quelques réflexions sur "La vie de Jésus au point de vue Psychologique et Psychanalytique" de M. le pasteur G. Berguet, Genève, Gilbert, 1920; Une âme dominicaine, frère Louis Dupraz, novice profés, Genève, Presses de Jules Deshusses, 1924; L'esprit du protestantisme en Suisse, Paris, Nouvelle Librairie Nationale, 1925; L'union des Églises, Paris, Bernard Grasset, coll. "La Vie chrétienne", 1927; De la Bible catholique ` la Bible protestante, Paris, André Blot Éditeur, 1930; La juridiction de l'Église sur la Cité, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1931; Notre-Dame des Sept Douleurs, Paris, Cerf, 1934; Saint-Maurice, Saint-Augustin, 1955; Petite biographie de Nicölas de Flue, Neuchâtel, La Baconnière, 1942; complété et réédité: Saint-Nicolas de Flue, La Baconnière, 1947, 1966; Fribourg-Paris, Éd. Saint-Paul, 1984; Connaissance et inconnaissance de Dieu, Fribourg, Éd. de la librairie de l'Université, 1943; Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, " Foi vivante ", 1969; Saint-Maurice, Saint-Augustin, 1996; Traduction de Savonarole, Dernièe méditation sur le psaume "Miserere", Paris, Luf, 1943, 1947; texte présenté par Pierre-Marie Émonet, Paris, DDB, 1995; Destinées d'Israël. À propos du salut par les Juifs, Paris, Egloff, 1945; Exigences chrétiennes en politique, Paris, Egloff, 1945; Saint-Maurice, Saint-Augustin, 1990; Introduction à la théologie, Paris, "Questions disputées", Desclée de Brouwer, 1947; Vérité de Pascal, Essai sur la valeur apologétique des "Pensée", Saint-Maurice, Saint-Augustin, 1951; Les sept paroles du Christ en Croix, Paris, Seuil, 1952, 1964; Primauté de Pierre dans la perspective protestante et dans la perspective catholique, Paris, Alsatia, 1953; Esquisse du développement du dogme marial, Paris, Alsatia, 1954; La messe, présence du sacrifice de la Croix, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1957, 1958, 1961; Théologie de l'Église, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1957, 1958; La volonté salvifique sur les petits enfants, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1958; Entretiens sur la gráce, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1959, 1961; Saint-Maurice, Saint-Augustin, 1969, 1985; Le Mal, essai théologique, Paris, Desclé de Brouwer, 1961, 1962; Saint-Maurice, Saint-Augustin, 1988; Le dogme, chemin de la foi, Paris, Fayard, 1963; Le message révéIé, sa transmission, son développement, ses dépendances, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1964; La Vierge Marie et l'Église, Paris, Tiqui, 1980; Dieu à la rencontre da l'homme. La voie théologale, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer et Fribourg, Saint-Paul, 1981; Comme une flèche de feu, Paris, Le Centurion, 1981. Lettres choisies par Marie-Agnès Cabanne, préface de Mgr Pierre Mamie; Le mystère de l'Eucharistie, Paris, Tiqui, 1983; Notre Père qui es aux cieux, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1987; Saint-Maurice, Saint-Augustin, 1997; Théologie de la politique, introduit et présenté par Marie-Agnès Cabanne, Coll. "Prémices", Fribourg, Éd. Universitaires, 1987; Charles Journet, Jacques Maritain, Philippe de la Trinité, Le péchéde l'ange. Peccabilité, nature et surnature, Paris, Beauchesne, 1961; Petits catéchismes: Publiés aux Éditions Saint-Augustin - CH Saint-Maurice: Petit catéchisme sur les origines du monde, 1950; La définition solennelle de l'Assomption de la Vierge, 1950, 1965; Petit catéchisme sur l'Église, 1960; Petit catéchisme sur la Messe, 1960; L'Église et la Bible, 1960; Petit catéchisme de la Sainte Vierge, 1964; Le mariage indissoluble, 1966, 1968; La présence sacramentelle du Christ, 1966, 1987; Autres opuscules: Le purgatoire, Liège, La Pensée Catholique; Les images, ColI. "Débats et Litiges ", Fribourg, Éd. Saint-Paul, 1950. La sainte messe, "Débats et Litiges", Fribourg, Éd. Saint-Paul, 1950. Communisme au christianisme, deux aventures, "Débats et Litiges", Fribourg, Éd. Saint-Paul, 1956; Le quiétisme, "Débats et Litiges", Fribourg, Éd. Saint-Paul, 1950. La naissance de la foi, "Débats et Litiges", Fribourg, Éd. Saint-Paul, 1950. La sainte messe ou la permanence du sacrifice de la Loi nouvelle, Coll. "Études religieuses", no. 411, Liège, La Pensée Catholique, 1938; Fribourg, Éd. Saint-Paul, 1951. Propriété chrétienne et pauvreté chrétienne, Coll. "Études religieuses ", no. 383, Paris, La Pensée Catholique, 1937; Fribourg, Éd. Saint-Paul, 1951. Le quiétisme, sa déviation théologique, Fribourg, Éd. Saint-Paul, 1951. Carnets de notes, inédits; Retraites et cours: Retraites publiéés aux Éditions Parole et Silence - CH Les Plans-sur-Bex: Entretiens sur l'espérance; Entretiens sur la charité; Entretiens sur le Saint-Esprit; Entretiens sur Dieu le Père; Entretiens sur l'Eucharistie; Entretiens sur la Trinité; Entretiens sur l'Église; Entretiens sur Marie; Entretiens sur l'Incarnation; Entretiens sur la Rédemption; Retraites et cours inédits; La foi; Le mystère de la sacramentalité; Le baptême; Les venus théologales; Le Mal; La Messe; La Transfiguration; La prière avec ]ésus; Les fins dernières; L'annonce de Jésus dans l'Ancien Testament; Les tentations de Jésus au désert; La présence corporelle du Christ; L'Évangile divin et humain La Passion selon saint Marc L'Église telle que la pense et la vit sainte Thérèse de Lisieux Les dons du Saint-Esprit Les Paradoxes des Noms divins Les Demeures de sainte Thérèse d'Avila Entretiens sur le mystère chrétien, exposé de la foi catholique Saint François de Sales Trois saints du Carmet : saint Jean de la Croix, sainte Thérèse d;Avila, sainte Thérèse de Lisieux Commentaire de la première lettre de saint Jean et de ses récits de la Résurrection Saint Paul Commentaire de l'épître aux Bomains L'épître aux Philippiens; Les lettres de Saint Pierre L'Apocalypse: le mystère de l'Église; La collégialité et le Souverain Pontife.
Birth. August 12, 1913, Santa Coloma de Farnés, diocese of Gerona, Spain. From a working-class family. He moved to Barcelona in 1926. He is also listed as Narcìs Jubany i Arnau.
Education. Studied at the Seminary of Barcelona; at the Seminary of Pontifical University of Comillas, where he obtained a doctorate in theology; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in canon law.
Priesthood. Ordained, July 30, 1939. Successively, 1939-1955, further studies; pastoral ministry in the diocese of Barcelona; faculty member of its seminary; official of the diocesan tribunal; and canon of the cathedral chapter.
Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Ortosia di Fenicia and appointed auxiliary of Barcelona, November 24, 1955. Consecrated, January 22, 1956, cathedral of Barcelona, by Ildebrando Antoniutti, titular archbishop of Sinnada di Frigia, nuncio in Spain, assisted by Gregorio Modrego y Casáus, archbishop-bishop of Barcelona, and by José Bascuñana y López, bishop of Ciudad Rodrigo. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Transferred to the diocese of Gerona, February 7, 1964. Promoted to the archiepiscopal see of Barcelona, December 3, 1971.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 5, 1973; received the red biretta and the title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, June 7, 1973. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Named member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, May 31, 1981. Resigned the pastoral government of the archbishopric, March 23, 1990. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, August 12, 1993.
Death. December 26, 1996, in Barcelona. His funeral mass was celebrated at the cathedral of Barcelona, presided by Cardinal Ricardo María Carles Gordó of Barcelona. His remains were originally buried in the crypt of the cathedral, built in 1615 beneath the choir, which was restored during the episcopate of Cardinal Jubany after being severely damaged during the Second World War, until a definitive vault was finished in the Capilla de la Virgen de la Alegría, in that cathedral, in accordance to the cardinal's wishes (1).
Bibliography. Echeverría, Lamberto de. Episcopologio español contemporáneo, 1868-1985 : datos biográficos y genealogía espiritual de los 585 obispos nacidos o consagrados en España entre el 1 de enero de 1868 y el 31 de diciembre de 1985 . Salamanca : Universidad de Salamanca, 1986. (Acta Salmanticensia; Derecho; 45), p. 117.
Links. Biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; biography, in English, Wikipedia; his photograph, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) This is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:
Birth. October 25, 1882, Pelussin, archdiocese of Lyon, France. His baptismal name was André-Damien-Ferdinand. His last name is also listed as Jullien de Pommerol.
Education. Studied at the Seminary of Issy, Paris; at the Seminary of Saint-Sulpice, Paris; and at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome. Joined the Society of Saint-Sulpice, Rome in 1918.
Priesthood. Ordained, October 1, 1905, Lyon. Further studies, 1905-1908. Faculty member of the Seminary of Lyon, 1908-1912. Secretary to Msgr. Maury, S.S., auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, 1912-1922. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, September 15, 1922; its dean, October 30, 1944.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of December 15, 1958; received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Giorgio in Velabro, December 18, 1958. His cardinalitial motto was Solum Deum præ oculis habens.
Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Corone, April 5, 1962. Consecrated, April 19, 1962, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Cardinal Giuseppe Pizzardo and by Cardinal Benedetto Aloisi Masella. In the same ceremony were consecrated Cardinals Joaquín Anselmo María Albareda, O.S.B., Antonio Bacci, Augustin Bea, S.J., Francesco Bracci, Michael Browne, O.P., William Theodore Heard, Alberto di Jorio, Arcadio María Larraona, C.M.F., Francesco Morano, Alfredo Ottaviani and Francesco Roberti. His cardinalitial motto became his episcopal motto. Attended the first two sessions of the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1963. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI.
Death. January 11, 1964, of leukemia, in a Roman hospital where he had been interned since December 6, 1963. Buried in the church of S. Giorgio in Velabro, Rome, in a vault intended for the remains of the cardinals who are assigned to that deaconry; however, Cardinal Jullien's remains are the only ones buried in it (1). A memorial tablet in his memory was placed above his vault (2).
Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 351-352; Fiore, Ernesto, "Card. Andrea Jullien" in La Pontificia Università lateranense : profilo della sua storia, dei suoi maestri, e dei suoi discepoli. Roma : Libreria editrice della Pontificia Università lateranense, 1963, p. 453-455; Mélanges en l'honneur de son éminence le cardinal André Jullien, ancien doyen du tribunal de la Rote. Strasbourg : Palais universitaire, 1961. (Revue de droit canonique ; t. 10, no. 3-4 ; t. 11, no. 1.
Link. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) This is the text on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:
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