The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
(1903-2011)
L

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LAGHI, Pio
(1922-2009)

Birth. May 21, 1922, Castiglione, diocese of Forlì (now Forlì-Bertinoro), Italy. He was the youngest of the five children of Antonio Laghi, a laborer, and Laura Conti, a poor family from the countryside. In 1926, the family moved to Villanova di Forli; and in 1928 to Faenza. They lived in the parish of S. Stefano, where the pastors, Father Barisani and later Monsignor Domenico Balbi, helped the family economically and young Pio to continue his studies. In addition to studying, Pio worked as an attendant in the shop of Archimede, in piazza Faenza.

Education. After finishing his elementary studies in the school of via Castellani 25, he entered in 1933 the Salesian Institute, Faenza (secondary studies); then he entered the Seminary of Forlì (philosophy); and then, he studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome; and later, at the Theological Faculty, Pontifical Lateran University, Rome (licentiate in theology, June 30, 1946; doctorates in theology, 1942, thesis: "San Guido abate di Pomposa", under the direction of Monsignor Pio Paschini; and canon law, 1950, thesis: "La competenza del vescovo diocesano e l'equa distribuzione dei beni ecclesiastici", under the guidance of Professor Giacomo Violardo, future cardinal); finally, he also attended the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome, from October 1950 (diplomacy, 1952).

Priesthood. Ordained, Saturday April 20, 1946, chapel of the bishop of Faenza, by Giuseppe Battaglia, bishop of Faenza. He celebrated his first mass on the following day in the church of S. Stefano, assisted by Monsignor Balbi, Father Pietro Costa and Monsignor Giuseppe Lanzoni. Further studies, Rome, 1947-1952. Entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See, March 1952. After six months working in the Secretariat of State, he was named attaché of the nunciature in Nicaragua, March 1, 1952-1955. Secretary and later auditor in the apostolic delegation in the United States of America, November 3, 1954-1961. Auditor in the nunciature in India, August 1961-1964. Official in the Council of Affairs of the Church, February 1964-1969. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, December 21, 1965. In May 1968, he formed part of the delegation of the Holy See to the conference of the United Nations on human rights in Teheran, Iran.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Mauriana and appointed apostolic delegate in Jerusalem and Palestine, May 24, 1969. Consecrated, June 22, 1969, cathedral of S. Pietro, Faenza, by Cardinal Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, bishop of title of suburbicarian see of Frascati, secretary of State emeritus, assisted by Agostino Casaroli, titular archbishop of Cartago, and by Giuseppe Battaglia, bishop of Faenza. His episcopal motto was In Verbo tuo. Pro-nuncio in Cyprus, May 28, 1973; and also, apostolic visitor to Greece. Nuncio in Argentina, April 27, 1974. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopal Council, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979. Apostolic delegate in the United States of America and permanent observer to the Organization of American States, with title of nuncio ad personam, December 10, 1980; pro-nuncio in the United States of America, when diplomatic relations were established, March 26, 1984. Pro-prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education, April 6, 1990. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria Ausiliatrice in Via Tuscolana, June 28, 1991. Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University, July 1, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Named president of the Pontifical Oratory of St. Peter on December 5, 1992. Patronus of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, May 8, 1993. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; the Special Assembly for Lebanon of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 26 to December 14, 1995. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998; the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998. Cardinal protodeacon, January 9, 1999. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Resigned the prefecture, November 15, 1999. Special papal envoy to Israel and the Palestinian Authority to deliver a personal message from Pope John Paul II promoting a cease fire and the resumption of peace talks, May 30, 2001. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli, February 26, 2002. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, May 21, 2002. Named special papal envoy to the president of the United States of America to carry a message from Pope John Paul II and to illustrate the position and the initiatives undertaken by the Holy See to contribute to the disarmament and peace in the Middle East, March 1, 2003.

Death. Sunday January 11, 2009, in the early hours of the morning, at San Carlo di Nancy Hospital, Rome, where he was recovering from a cardio-vascular insufficiency caused by a hematologic disease. The viewing took place at the hospital on that same day. On Monday, the body of the late cardinal was transferred to the Vatican. Upon learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to his nieces and nephews. A Capella Papale took place for the exequies of the late cardinal. The mass, celebrated by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, bishop of the title of the suburbicarian sees of Ostia and Albano, and the other cardinals present, took place on Tuesday January 13, at 11 a.m., in the papal Vatican basilica. At the end of the Eucharistic celebration, Pope Benedict XVI addressed those in attendance and presided the rites of Ultima Commendatio and Valedictio. The cardinals that concelebrated were Roger Etchegaray, Giovanni Battista Re, Francis Arinze, Jozef Tomko, Paul Poupard, Bernard Francis Law, Eduardo Martínez Somalo, Achille Silvestrini, Giovanni Canestri, Camillo Ruini, Salvatore De Giorgi, Ivan Dias, Antonio Cañizares Llovera, Estanislao Esteban Karlic, Darío Castrillón Hoyos, Giovanni Cheli, Agostino Cacciavillan, Sergio Sebastiani, Zenon Grocholewski, José Saraiva Martins, Jorge María Mejía, Walter Kasper, Jean Louis Tauran, Renato Raffaele Martino, Francesco Marchisano, Julián Herranz, Attilio Nicora, Georges Marie Martin Cottier, Franc Rodé, Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo, Leonardo Sandri, John Patrick Foley, Angelo Comastri, Raffaele Farina, Giovanni Coppa, Urbano Navarrete. Among the present were Cardinals Ignace Moussa I Daoud, Paul Augustin Mayer, O.S.B., José Sánchez, Virgilio Noè, and Carlo Furno; Archbishops Fernando Filoni, substitute of the Secretariat of State; Dominique Mamberti, secretary for the Relations with the States; Msgr. Fortunatus Nwachukwu; the grand master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Fra' Matthew Festing, with a delegation. In the first row were the nieces and nephews of the late cardinal. A representation of the Pontifical Oratory of San Pietro, led by Monsignor Bruno Guiotto, also participated. At the altar served members of the Pontifical Roman Seminary. Italian president Giorgio Napolitano sent his condolences to the Vatican, "paying homage to (Cardinal Laghi's) passion for great international issues". The body of the late cardinal was buried in the cathedral basilica of Faenza, at the end of the eucharistic liturgy that was celebrated on Wednesday January 14, 2009, at 10 a.m.

Bibliography. Bedeschi, Lorenzo. Il Cardinale Pio Laghi : cittadino onorario di Betlemme, nel suo settantesimo anno di età. Roma : Istituto Grafico Editoriale Romano, 1992; Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1970-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 208; Casaretto, Jorge."El paso de Pio Laghi entre nosotros." In: Criterio: actualidad, fe y cultura, año 82, no. 2346 (mar. 2009), p. 93-94; Gordini, Gian Domenico. Due vite per la chiesa : i cardinali Pio Laghi e Achille Silvestrini celebrano quest'anno il giubileo sacerdotale. Faenza : Diocesi di Faenza-Modigliana, 1996; Mejía, Jorge Mario. "El ejemplo del cardenal Laghi." In: Criterio: actualidad, fe y cultura, año 82, no. 2346 (mar. 2009), p. 90-92; Passarelli, Bruno; Elenberg, Fernando. Il cardinale e i desaparecidos : l'opera del nunzio apostolico Pio Laghi in Argentina. [s.l.] : EDI 2000, Grafiche Mari, 1999.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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LAW, Bernard Francis
(1931-

Birth. November 4, 1931, Torreón, México. Son of U.S. Army Air Corps Col. Bernard A. Law, and Helen Stubblefield, a concert painist. His father was assigned to a base in that Mexican city when Bernard was born.

Education. He attended high school in the U.S. Virgin Islands; then, he studied at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he obtained a B.A. in Medieval history; later, he attended St. Joseph Seminary, St. Benedict, Louisiana; and finally, the Pontifical Josephinum College, Worthington, Ohio.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 21, 1961, at the Pontifical College Josephinum, Worthington, Ohio, by Egidio Vagnozzi, titular archbishop of Mira, apostolic delegate to the United States. Incardinated in the diocese of Natchez-Jackson. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Natchez-Jackson, 1961-1973; director of the diocesan newspaper, 1961-1966; an active supporter of civil rights, he received death threats for his views expressed during the time he served as editor of the weekly diocesan newspaper. In 1968, he was named executive director of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Committee on Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs. He was also executive director of the conference's council for economic affairs, 1968-1971. Chaplain of His Holiness, December 5, 1968.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Springfield-Cape Girardeau, October 22, 1973. Consecrated, December 5, 1973, cathedral of St. Agnes, Springfield, by Joseph Bernard Brunini, bishop of Natchez-Jackson, assisted by William Wakefield Baum, archbishop of Washington, and by Joseph Louis Bernardin, archbishop of Cincinnati. His episcopal motto is To live is Christ. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Boston, January 11, 1984.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the title of S. Susanna, May 25, 1985. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Special papal envoy to the Eucharistic Congress for the countries of the Caribbean region, Port of Spain, Trinidad Tobago, April 17-20, 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. He was instrumental in helping to arrange the pope's visit to Cuba in January 1998. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, March 6, 2000. Special papal envoy to the Peruvian National Eucharistic Congress, Lima, August 30 to September 3, 2000. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese and apologized for his delay and mistakes in response to allegations of sexual misconduct against priests, December 13, 2002. Resident chaplain at the convent of the Sisters of Mercy of Alma, Clinton, Maryland, 2003. Named archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, Rome, May 27, 2004. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when he turned eighty years old on November 4, 2011. Ceased as archpriest of the papal Liberian basilica on November 21, 2011.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1790-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 167; Clark, Douglas K. "Law, Bernard Francis." New Catholic encyclopedia : jubilee volume, the Wojtyła years. Detroit, MI : Gale Group in association with the Catholic University of America, 2001, p. 337.

Links. Biography, in English (Britannica); and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Former Boston archbishop Bernard Law reportedly behind Vatican crackdown on US nuns by Dara Kelly, IrishCentral, Sunday, May 6, 2012, 9:11 AM.


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LEBRÚN MORATINOS, José Alí
(1919-2001)

Birth. March 19, 1919, Puerto Cabello, diocese of Valencia en Venezuela, Venezuela. Eldest of the five children of Enrique Lebrún and Josefina Moratinos. Baptized in the parish church of Puerto Cabello. Confirmed in his native city by Felipe Rincón González, archbishop of Caracas. He was prepared for his first communion by Brother Juan, of the Brothers of the Christian Schools.

Education. Colegio San José, of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, Puerto Cabello; Interdiocesan Seminary, Caracas, July 4, 1934-1937; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (licentiate in philosophy, 1941; started studying theology but had to leave Italy because of the Second World War); resided in Collegio Pio Latino Americano, Rome; Pontifical University Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. Besides his native Spanish, he spoke Italian, Latin and French.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 19, 1943, cathedral of Valencia, by Gregorio Adam Dalmau, bishop of Valencia. Successively, 1943-1956, in Valencia, faculty member, spiritual director and rector of its seminary; chaplain and faculty member, School "Our Lady of Lourus"; pastoral ministry in several parishes; chaplain of the local jail; diocesan assessor of the Feminine Catholic Youth; director of Cultura Católica and of the newspaper El Carabobeño; assessor of the Venezuelan Catholic Education Association, sectional of Valencia; master of ceremonies, defensor of the matrimonial bond, and pro-vicar general.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Arado and auxiliary of Maracaibo, August 2, 1956. Consecrated, September 2, 1956, Valencia, by Raffaele Forni, titular archbishop of Egina, nuncio in Venezuela, assisted by Acacio Chacón Guerra, archbishop of Mérida, and by Gregorio Adam Dalmau, bishop of Valencia en Venezuela. Apostolic administrator of the see Maracaibo, October 23, 1957. Transferred to see of Maracay, June 21, 1958. Transferred to see of Valencia en Venezuela, March 19, 1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Attended the Second General Assembly of the Latin American Episcopate, Medellín, Colombia, August 24 to September 6, 1968. Promoted to titular archbishop of Voncaria and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession, and apostolic administrator, sede plena, of Caracas, September 16, 1972. Vice-president of the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, January 27 to February 13, 1979, Puebla, México. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Caracas, May 24, 1980.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 2, 1983; received the red biretta and the title of S. Pancrazio, February 2, 1983. President of the Episcopal Conference of Venezuela, 1984-1990. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, May 27, 1995. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, March 19, 1999.

Death. February 21, 2001, in a clinic in Caracas after suffering a heart attack. Buried in the chapel of Our Lady of El Pilar, which is in the right nave of that cathedral. All the bishops and archbishops of Caracas, including Cardinals José Humberto Quintero Parra and Antonio Ignacio Velasco García, S.D.B., are buried there.

Bibliography. Vinke, Ramón. El Cardenal José Alí Lebrún. Caracas : [s.n.], 1994.


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LEHMANN, Karl
(1936-

Birth. May 16, 1936, Sigmaringen, archdiocese of Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany. Son of Karl Lehmann, a teacher, and Margarete Waldner.

Education. Seminary of Freiburg, Freiburg, 1957-1964 (theology and philosophy); Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (doctorate in philosophy, summa cum laude, 1962, thesis: "Vom Ursprung und Sinn der Seinsfrage im Denken Martin Heideggers"; doctorate in theology, summa cum laude, 1967, thesis: "'Auferweckt am dritten Tag nach der Schrift'  Exegetische und fundamentaltheologische Studien zu 1 Kor 15,3b-5"; he resided in the Pontifical Collegium Germanicum-Hungaricum, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 10, 1963, Rome, by Cardinal Julius Döpfner. Assistant of Fr. Karl Rahner, S.J., Münich at the Institute of Christian Thought and Religious Philosophy, 1964-1967; 1967-1968. Instructor of dogmatics and history of dogma at the University of Münich in 1967. Further studies, Rome, 1967. Obtained the Habilitationsstipendium of the German Research Council (DFG) in 1968. Professor of dogmatic theology, Mainz, 1968-1971; of dogmatic and ecumenical theology, Freiburg, 1971-1983. Member of of the Ecumenical Working Group of Evangelical and Catholic Theologians in 1969; scientific leader, 1976; and chairman, 1988. Declined professorships in Münich in 1971; and in Tübingen in 1981. From 1971, co-editor of the international journal Communio. Member of the board of the Synod of the Dioceses of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1971-1975. Member of the International Theological Commission, 1974-1984. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, March 26, 1979.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Mainz by its cathedral chapter; confirmed by the pope, June 21, 1983. Consecrated, October 2, 1983, cathedral of Sankt Martin, Mainz, by Cardinal Hermann Volk, bishop emeritus of Mainz, assisted by Oskar Saier, archbishop of Freiburg im Breisgau, and by Wolfgang Rolly, titular bishop of Taborenta, auxiliary of Mainz. His episcopal motto is State in fide. Honorary professor of the Catholic Theological Faculty of Freiburg in 1983; and of the Catholic Theological Faculty of Mainz in 1984. Elected vice-chairman of the German Episcopal Conference, 1985; its president, 1987-2008. Since 1987, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences and Literature of Mainz. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; the First Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; its extraordinary secretary. In 1991, he received honorary doctorates in theology from the University of Innsbruck; and from The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C., United States of America. Elected first vice-president of the European Episcopal Conference, 1993. Received an honorary doctorate in theology from St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, Ireland, 1993. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Received the 1994 Karl Barth Prize of the Union of Evangelical Churches (EKU). Received the 1996 Cardinal Döpfner Prize of the Catholic Academy of Bavaria, Munich. Received an honorary degree in human sciences from the Catholic Theological Academy of Warsaw (ATK) in 1997. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Elected member of the senate of the Max-Planck Society in 1999. Received an honorary degree in theology from the University of Graz, Austria, in 2000.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Leone I, February 21, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Reelected president of the German Episcopal Conference for another six-year term, September 20, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. On January 15, 2008, he announced that he was resigning the chairmanship of the Conference of German Bishops due to serious cardio-circulatory problems, during the meeting of the conference, February 11-15, 2008, in Würzburg; on February 12, the new president, Archbishop Robert Zollitsch of Friburg, of the Institute of the Fathers of Schönstatt, was elected. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis.

Bibliography. Deckers, Daniel. Der Kardinal Karl Lehmann. Eine Biographie. München : Pattloch, 2002; Jürgensmeie, Friedhelm. "Lehmann, Karl (* 1936)." Die Bischöfe der deutschsprachigen Länder, 1945 2001 : ein biographisches Lexikon. Unter Mitwirkung von Franz Xaver Bischof ... [et al.] ; herausgegeben von Erwin Gatz. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 2002, pp. 361-362.

Links. Photograph, arms and biography, in German, diocese of Mainz; and another image of his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Verhandlungen ja, Streit nein. Kardinal gegen politischen Schlagabtausch |ber Staatsleistungen, domradio.de, 5.7.2012.


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LÓPEZ RODRÍGUEZ, Nicolás de Jesús
(1936-

Birth. October 31, 1936, Barrancas, archdiocese of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Son of Perfecto Ramón López Salcedo and Delia Ramona Rodríguez de López.

Education. Studied at the Pontifical Seminary "Santo Tomás de Aquino", Santo Domngo; at the International Center for the Sociological Formation of the Clergy, Rome; at the Pontifical S. Tommaso d'Aquino University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in social sciences; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome. Besides his native Spanish, he speaks Italian, English, German, Portuguese and Latin.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 18, 1961, La Vega, by Francisco Panal Ramírez, O.F.M., bishop of La Vega. Vicar cooperator of the cathedral of La Vega, 1961-1963. Further studies, Rome, 1963-1965. Chancellor and secretary of the diocesan curia of La Vega, 1966-1968. Further studies, Rome, 1968-1969. In the diocese of La Vega, 1969-1978, diocesan assessor for the pastoral of the youth and pastor of the cathedral, 1969-1970. Vicar for the pastoral and pro-vicar general, 1970-1976. Vicar general, 1976-1978.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of San Francisco de Macorís, January 16, 1978. Consecrated, February 25, 1978, by Cardinal Octavio Antonio Beras Rojas, archbishop of Santo Domingo, assisted by Juan Antonio Flores Santana, bishop of La Vega, and by Jesús María De Jesús Moya, titular bishop of Massita, auxiliary of Santiago de los Caballeros. His episcopal motto is Fortes in fide. Rector of the University o San Francisco de Macorís, 1979-1984. Promoted to the metropolitan and primatial see of Santo Domingo, November 15, 1981. Grand chancellor of the Catholic University of Santo Domingo. Military ordinary for the Dominican Republic, April 4, 1982. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Elected president of the Conference of the Dominican Episcopate, July 1984. President of the Latin American Episcopal Council, April 25, 1991 to 1994.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the title of S. Pio X alla Balduina, June 28, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, October 12 to 28, 1992; one of the three presidents delegate. Papal legate to the 45th International Eucharistic Congress, Seville, Spain, June 7 to 13, 1993. Special papal envoy to the 4th National Marian Congress, Loja, Ecuador, August 20 to 25, 1994. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Special papal envoy to the conclusive celebrations of the National Eucharistic Congress of Uruguay, Colonia del Sacramento, October 15, 2000. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the 5th centennial of the first mass celebrated in Honduras, Bahía de Trujillo, August 14, 2002. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Special papal envoy to the celebrations for the Fourth Centennial of the death of Santo Toribio de Mogrovejo, patron saint of the Latin American episcopate, Lima, Perù, April 24 to 29, 2006. Participated in the 5th General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. On January 12, 2008, he was named by the pope member of the Special Council for America of the Synod of Bishops. Special papal envoy to the Third American Missionary Congress (CAM3) and the Eighth Latin American Missionary Congress (COMLA8), which took place in Quito, Ecuador, on August 12 to 17, 2008. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On November 29, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the closing celebrations of the first centennial of the establishment of the ecclesiastical province of Managua, Nicaragua, which took place on December 2, 2013. The pope had named Cardinal Jorge Liberato Urosa Sabino, archbishop of Caracas, Venezuela, his special envoy to the celebrations but he was unable to attend due to illness. Confirmed as member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014. He was confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life on March 29, 2014.

Bibliography. López Rodríguez, Nicolás de Jesús. Mi vida pastoral : ministerio episcopal en San Francisco de Macorís 1978-1981 y 25 años pastoreando la Arquidiócesis de Santo Domingo 1981-2006. Santo Domingo, Repzblica Dominicana : Arzobispado de Santo Domingo, 2006.

Links. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Spanish, ACI Prensa; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; JESUITAS: Santo Domingo: El Cardenal Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez arremete contra cura jesuita. ver videos, CVXChile, viernes, 7 de febrero de 2014; Dominican Cardinal slams Jesuits over Haitian offspring row, Dominican Today, 7 February 2014, 3:01 PM; Rep. Dominicana: Sacerdotes apoyan a Cardenal López Rodríguez tras enérgica amonestación a jesuita, ACI Prensa, 13 Feb. 14 / 04:10 pm.


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LÓPEZ TRUJILLO, Alfonso
(1935-2008)

Birth. November 8, 1935, Villahermosa, diocese of Ibagué (now diocese of Líbano-Honda), Colombia, of a prominent family from Antioquia. His father was in charge of the General Accounting Office of the State, one of his brothers was a Minister of State and a relative was Bishop of Socorro and San Gil until 1975.

Education. Studied at the National University, Bogotá; at the Seminary of Bogotá; at the Pontifical International Institute Angelicum, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in philosophy; and at the Pontifical Theological Faculty and Pontifical Institute of Spirituality Teresianum, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained November 13, 1960. Further studies in Europe, 1960-1962. Faculty member, Seminary of Bogotá 1962-1966. Coordinator of pastoral, XXXIX International Eucharistic Congress, Bogotá, August 1968. Attended II General Assembly of the Latin American Episcopal Council, Medellín, August 24 to September 6, 1968, as expert. Started the new archdiocesan department of pastoral, 1968. Successively, 1970-1972, in Bogotá, vicar general; pastor; counselor and faculty member at the National University.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Boseta and appointed auxiliary of Bogotá, February 25, 1971. Consecrated, March 25, 1971, Bogotá, by Aníbal Muñoz Duque, titular archbishop of Cariana, coadjutor with right of succession and apostolic administrator sede plena of Bogotá, assisted by Eduardo Francisco Pironio, titular bishop of Ceciri, auxiliary of Mar del Plata, and by Pablo Correa León, bishop emeritus of Cúcuta. His episcopal motto was Veritas et caritate. Elected secretary general of the Latin American Episcopal Council, Sucre, Bolivia, November 22, 1972; confirmed, Rome, November 1, 1974. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974; the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Promoted to the rank of archbishop and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession, of Medellín, May 22, 1978. Attended the Third General Assembly of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; secretary general. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Medellín, June 2, 1979. President of the Latin American Episcopal Council, 1979-1982. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 2, 1983; received the red biretta and the title of S. Prisca, February 2, 1983. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; member of the general secretariat, 1983-1986; membership extended until 1987 in the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. President of the Episcopal Conference of Colombia, 1987-1990. President of the Pontifical Council for the Family, November 8, 1990. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, January 9, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992; the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997; the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998; the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998; the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999; the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Named bishop of the title of the suburbicarian see of Frascati, November 17, 2001. Papal legate to the celebrations of the Fourth World Encounter of the Family, January 22 to 26, 2002, Manila, Philippines. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Reappointed as president of the Pontifical Council for the Family, April 21, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Participated in the 5th General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil.

Death. April 19, 2008, of respiratory problems and diabetes, at 8:30 p.m., local time, in the Clinic "Pio XI", Rome, where he had been interned for a month. At the moment of his death, Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the College of Cardinals; his brother, a nephew as well as other relatives and members of the Roman Curia, were in his room. Upon learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Benedict XVI, who was at St. Joseph's Seminary, New York, during his apostolic visit to the United States of America, prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent the cardinal's brother a telegram of condolence. In the morning of April 21, 2008, after the signing of the notary's act (rogito), the casket of the cardinal was taken to the church of Santo Stefano degli Abissini, in the Vatican. The funeral took place on Wednesday April 23, 2008, at 11 a.m., in the Altar of the Chair of the patriarchal Vatican Basilica. The Holy Mass was celebrated by Cardinal Sodano, together with the other cardinals present. At the end of the eucharistic liturgy, the exequial liturgy was presided by Pope Benedict XVI, who had the homily and the rite of the Ultima Commendatio and the Valedictio. The late cardinal was buried in the crypt under the church of Sant'Anna dei Palafrenieri, in Via di Porta Angelica, which is the official cemetery of the Vatican; it is the parish church of the Vatican and it is served by the Augustinian friars (1).

Bibliography. Gómez Orozco, Horacio. El Cardenal Alfonso López Trujillo. Santafé de Bogotá: Plaza & Janes, 1997; López Trujillo, Alfonso. Testimonios : Cardenal Alfonso Lopez Trujillo. Conversaciones con José Luis Gutiérrez García. Santafe de Bogota, D.C., Colombia : Plaza & Janés, 1997.

Links. Biography , in Italian, diocese of Frascati; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Murió el Cardenal Alfonso López Trujillo , video, You Tube.

(1) This is the inscription in his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

S. EM. REV. MA
CARDINALE
Alfonso López Trujillo
PRESIDENTE
DEL PONTIFICIO CONSIGLIO PER LA FAMIGLIA
9 NOVEMBRE 1935 - 19 APRILE 2008


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LOURDUSAMY, Duraisamy Simon
(1924-2014)

Birth. February 5, 1924, Kallery, near Gingee, in Villupuram district, archdiocese of Pondicherry, India. He was the seventh of twelve children of Simon Duraisamy, who was a just man and the villagers used to get his guidance to settle disputes, and his wife Anna Marie Amma, known as Matharasi. His younger brother, Duraisamy Simon Amalorpavadass, was a renowned priest and theologian; he died in an automobile accident on his way to Bangalore from Mysore. He is also listed as Simon D. Lourdusami; and as D. Simon Lourdusami.

Education. He received his early education from Father Gavan Duffy, M.E.P., in Tindivanam; then studied at Saint Ann's High School, Tindivanam; later, he entered Saint Agnes's Minor Seminary in Cuddalore; and finished his high school studies at Saint Joseph's Higher School of Cuddalore from 1937 to 1939; then, studied at Saint Peter's Seminary in Bangalore from1945 to 1951; the, he attended Loyola College in Chennai (1952-1953) for higher studies; and finally, he studied at the Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome from 1953 to 1956, where he earned a doctorate in canon law in 1956; he obtained 100% in all of his exams in canon law studies, something which had never occurred in other Roman universities before. He also studied music and is an avid piano player.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 21, 1951, Seven Sorrows church, Tindivanam, Pondicherry, by Auguste Siméon Colas, S.P.M.E., archbishop of Pondicherry and Cuddalore. Assistant parish priest at Athipakkam parish in 1952; at that time, he was instrumental in arranging the archives of the Archdiocese of Pondicherry and Cuddalore. Then, he served as a secretary to the archbishop of Pondicherry and Cuddalore, Ambrose Rayappan, for two months in 1952, before continuing his studies at Loyola College. He served as the secretary, chancellor and choirmaster of the Immaculate Conception Cathedral, Pondicherry, in 1956; during that time, he edited a religious magazine "Sarva Viabi" in Tamil language. Further studies in Rome, 1953-1956. Director of the Catholic Doctors' Guild; director of the Catholic Medical Students' Guild; director of the Newman Association; director of the Catholic University Students Union.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Sozusa di Libia and appointed auxiliary of Bangalore, July 2, 1962. Consecrated, August 22, 1962, cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Pondicherry, by Ambrose Rayappan, archbishop of Pondicherry and Cuddalore, assisted by Rajarethinam Sundaram, bishop of Tanjore, and by Daniel Paul Arulswami, bishop of Kumbakonam. His episcopal motto was Aedificare domum Dei. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Promoted to titular archbishop of Filippi, and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession of Bangalore, November 9, 1964. Attended, the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Vice-president of the Pan Asiatic Catechetic-Liturgical Conference, Manila, 1967. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Bangalore, January 11, 1968. Secretary adjunct of the S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples, March 2, 1971. Resigned the pastoral government of archdiocese, April 30, 1971. Secretary of the S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples, president of the Pontifical Missionary Work and vice-grand chancellor of the Pontifical Urbanian University, February 26, 1973.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria delle Grazie alle Fornaci fuori Porta Cavalleggeri, May 25, 1985. He was member of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints; pf the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature; of the Pontifical Council for the Family; and of the Pontifical Commission for the Internationa Eucharistic Congress. Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, October 30, 1985. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. In December 1987, the archdiocese of Pondicherry and Cuddalore celebrated his episcopal silver jubilee in Puducherry. Special papal envoy to the closing ceremonies of the Year of St. Willibrord, Luxembourg, June 3 to 5, 1990. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Resigned the prefecture, May 24, 1991, after suffering an ictus. Cardinal protodeacon, April 5, 1993. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title, January 29, 1996. Special papal legate to the funeral of Mother Teresa, Calcutta, India, September 13, 1997. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, February 5, 2004. The archdiocese of Pondicherry and Cuddalore celebrated the diamond jubilee of his sacerdotal ordination December 21, 2011. He visited 110 countries, receiving numerous distinctions in appreciation of his work.

Death. June 2, 2014, at 1:35 am CEST, at Casa di Cura Pio XI, via Aurelia, Rome. Upon learning the news of the death of Cardinal Lourdusamy, Pope Francis sent a telegram of condolence (1) to Archbishop Anthony Anandarayar of Pondicherry and Cuddalore, India. On Thursday June 5, 2014, at 11:30 a.m., at the Altar of the Cathedra of the papal Vatican basilica, took place the exequies of the late cardinal, which was celebrated by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the College of Cardinals, together with other cardinals, archbishops and bishops. At the end of the eucharistic ceremony, Pope Francis presided the rite of the Ultima Commendatio and of the Valedictio. In accordance with his wishes, his body was transported to India for burial in the Immaculate Conception Cathedral of Pondicherry. The mortal remains of the cardinal were taken to Puducherry on June 7. His body was kept for public view at the Escande Hall in Petit Seminaire higher secondary school on June 7 and 8. The funeral took place at the Immaculate Conception Cathedral at 10 a.m. on June 9, celebrated by Salvatore Penacchio, apostolic nuncio to India and Nepal. Cardinal Oswald Gracias, archbishop of Bombay, represented the pope. In attendace, among others, were Cardinal George Alencherry, archbishop major of Ernakulam-Angamaly of the Syro-Malabars; Cardinal Telesphore Placidus Toppo, archbishop of Ranchi; Bernard Blasius Moras, archbishop of Bangalore; Filipe Neri Antonio Sebastião do Rosário Ferrão, archbishop of Goa e Damão, vice-president of the Catholic Bishops Conference of India; and Antony Anandarayar, archbishop of Pondicherry and Cuddalore. Chief Minister N. Rangasamy, other political leaders, and French Consul General Philippe Janvier-Kamiyama were also present.

Links. Photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal Lourdusamy, Plays Piano For Tamil song (Rome), video, You Tube Feb 9, 2012; H. E. Cardinal Lourdusamy, RIP, Silent Voice, June 2, 2014 at 4:18 pm; Indian Cardinal Simon Lourdusamy passes away at 90, video, Rome Reports, 2014-06-03; El Santo Padre preside las exequias del cardenal Lourdusamy by H. Sergio Mora, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 05 de junio de 2014; Agradecen en funeral labor evangelizadora de Cardenal Lourdusamy, ACI/EWTN Noticias, 05 Jun. 14, 11:05 am.

(1) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Holy See Press Office:

The Most Reverend Anthony Anandarayar
Archbishop of Pondicherry and Cuddalore
Saddened to learn of the death of Cardinal D. Simon Lourdusamy, Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, and Archbishop Emeritus of Bangalore, I offer my deepest condolences and the assurance of my prayers to you, the clergy, religious and lay faithful who mourn his passing. I recall with gratitude to Almighty God the Cardinal's priestly life spent in spreading the Gospel first in India and subsequently in service to the Universal Church in numerous capacities, finally as Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. I pray that God the Father of mercies may grant him the reward of his labours and welcome his noble soul into the peace and joy of heaven. To all assembled for the solemn funeral Mass, I cordially impart my Apostolic Blessing as a pledge of strength and consolation in the Lord.

FRANCISCUS PP.


Analogous telegram was sent by Cardinal Pietro Parolin, secretary of State.


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LOZANO BARRAGÁN, Javier
(1933-

Birth. January 26, 1933, Toluca, México. He received his first communion in the basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, México City.

Education. Studied at the Seminario of Zamora; and, from 1954 until 1958, at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned a licentiate in philosophy and a doctorate in dogmatictheology. Besides his native Spanish, he also speaks English and Italian.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 30, 1955, chapel of Collegio Pio-Latinoamericano, Rome, by Carlo Confalonieri, titular archbishop of Nicopoli al Nesto, secretary of the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities. In the diocese of Zamora, professor and prefect of studies of its seminary; charged with the permanent formation of the diocesan clergy. President of the Mexican Theological Society. Director of the Institute of Pastoral Theology of the Episcopal Conference of Latin America (CELAM), Medellín, Colombia. Member of the team of theological reflexion of CELAM. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979, as an expert.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tinisia di Numidia and appointed auxiliary of México, June 5, 1979. Consecrated, August 15, 1979, basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, México City, by Cardinal Ernesto Corripio Ahumada, archbishop of México, assisted by Cardinal Miguel Darío Miranda Gómez, archbishop emeritus of México, and by José Esaúl Robles Jiménez, bishop of Zamora. His episcopal motto is Testi resurrectionis. Transferred to see of Zacatecas, October 28, 1984. Attended the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. President of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of the Health Care Workers, October 31, 1996. Resigned the pastoral government of the diocese and was given the title of archbishop ad personam, January 7, 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Special papal envoy to the Tenth World Day of the Sick, February 11, 2002, Vailankanni, India.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Michele Arcangelo, October 21, 2003. Member of the Congregations for Bishops, for the Evangelization of Peoples, and for the Causes of the Saints, of the Pontifical Council for Culture, and of the Pontifical Commission for International Eucharistic Congresses. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the Twelfth World Day of the Sick, Lourdes, France, February 11, 2004. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the Thirteenth World Day of the Sick that took place in Yaoundé, Cameroun, on February 9 to 11, 2005. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Reappointed as president of Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of the Health Care Workers, April 21, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the Fourteenth World Day of the Sick, Adelaide, Australia, February 11, 2006. Special papal envoy to the Fifteenth World Day of the Sick, Seoul, South Korea, February 11, 2007. Participated in the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". On April 18, 2009, Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation presented for reasons of age from the post of president of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of the Health Care Workers. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on January 26, 2013. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the new title of S. Dorotea on June 12, 2014.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photgraphs and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photographs and biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Card. Barragan: next Pope needs at least same qualities as Benedict XVI, Rome Reports, 2013-02-16 11:18:04 .


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LUBAC, S.J., Henri de
(1896-1991)

Birth. February 20, 1896, Cambrai, France. He was the seventh child of Augustin Maurice Sonier de Lubac, officer of the Légion d'Honneur, and Marie Josephine Aglaé Gabrielle de Beaurepaire. His baptismal name was Henri Marie Joseph. Although he is always listed as Henri de Lubac, his father's last name was Sonier de Lubac. He spent his childhood in Bourg-en-Bresse and Lyons. He received first communion from Cardinal Pierre-Hector Coullié, archbishop of Lyon; and from the same cardinal he received the sacrament of confirmation.

Education. Jesuit school of Saint-Joseph, Lyon, 1905-1912 (baccaulareate or high school); in 1909 he studied at the Jesuit school of Mongré, Villefrance; Catholic Faculty of Lyon (law), 1912-1913; joined the Society of Jesus, novitiate of Lyon, October 9, 1913; for political reasons in France, the novitiate was moved to Saint Leonard-on-Sea, England; in 1914, he was mobilized in the French Army; in 1916, he was sent to Verdun; he participated in combat in Éparges; on November 1, 1917, he was seriously wounded (he suffered the rest of his life the consequences of the wounds); he was demobilized and returned to England to continue his studies; Saint Mary's College, Canterbury (letters), 1919-1920; Jesuit House of study at Jersey (philosophy), 1920-1923; and at Ore Place, Hastings, 1924, 1926 (theology); when the Jesuit house at Lyon-Fourvière reopened, he finished there his theological studies from 1926 to 1927; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1927-1929 (doctorate in theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, August 22, 1927, Lyon. Further studies, Rome, 1927-1929. Instructor of fundamental theology, Theological Faculty of Lyon, 1929-1934. Professed the solemn vows in the Society of Jesus on February 2, 1931. Transferred to Lyon-Fourvière, 1934. Professor of fundamental theology, Theological Faculty of Lyon, 1938-1939. Professor of the history of religion, Theological Faculty of Lyon, 1939. Founder, with Jean Daniélou, future cardinal, of the collection Sources chrétiennes, 1941. Forced to leave Lyon during the Second World War because of his activities with the Resistance during the Nazi occupation; sought refuge in Vals, near Puy. Suspected of being an adherent of the Nouvelle théologie in 1946, he was forbidden by his religious superiors to teach or publish. Obligated by the Vatican to stop publication of his works because of the doctrinal objections raised against his book Surnaturel (1946). Transferred from Lyon to the Jesuit house in Paris on rue de Sèvres, June 1950. Returned to Lyon (rue Sala), 1953. Named honorary professor, Theological Faculty of Lyon, in 1961. Director of the journal Recherches de science religieuse. Member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, 1958. Permiited again to teach and to publish theological works, 1958. Faculty member at the Catholic Institute of Paris, 1959. Returned to Lyon-Fourvièere in 1960. He was among the theologians named by Pope John XXIII consultors to the preparatory commission of the Second Vatican Council in 1960. Expert at the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Defended Fr. Teilhard de Chardin, S.J. Member of the International Theological Commission, 1969-1974. After the closing of Lyons-Fourvière, he moved to Paris in 1974. Pope Paul VI wrote him a letter of thanks on the occasion of his eightieth birthday, February 20, 1976.

Episcopate. Requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal ordination and the dispensation was granted by Pope John Paul II. He was the first cardinal not to be consecrated bishop since the regulation issued by Pope John XXIII in 1962, which ordered that all cardinals should be bishops (1).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 2, 1983; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica, February 2, 1983. Promoted to the cardinalate when he was over 80 years old, and thus, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave. He lived in "Résidence Saint-Germain", a Jesuit house in Paris, at 42 rue de Grenelle. He was a prolific writer in theological matters (2).

Death. Wednesday September 4, 1991, at 7:45 a.m., in "'Ma Maison", a house of the Little Sisters of the Poor, congregation founded by St. Jeanne Jugan, situated at 62 avenue de Breteuil, in Paris; he had suffered a stroke that had left him unable to speak; he had been under the care of the Little Sisters of the Poor. His funeral took place at Notre-Dame metropolitan cathedral, Paris. Cardinal Paul Poupard represented Pope John Paul II at the funeral; and Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger, archbishop of Paris, delivered the homily. Buried in the tomb of the Society of Jesus, Vaugirard cemetery, Paris; in the same vault is buried Cardinal Jean Daniélou, S.J. (1969) (3). At his death, he was the oldest member of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

Bibliography. Balthasar, Urs von and G. Chantraine. Le Cardinal Henri de Lubac, l'homme et son oeuvre avec una letter de Paul VI. Paris: Lethielleux, 1983; Balthasar, Hans Urs von. The theology of Henri de Lubac : an overview. San Francisco : Ignatius Press, 1991. (Communio books). Note: Translation of: Henri de Lubac; Chantraine, Georges. Henri de Lubac. Paris : Éditions du Cerf, 2007-. (Études lubaciennes, 6). Contents: t. 1. De la naissance à la dèmobilisation. 1896-1919); Chantraine, Georges. "Henri de Lubac. Pourquoi ses oevres nous parlent." Nouvelle Revue Théologique, 121, (1999), 612-629; "Colloque Henri de Lubac à l'occasion du centenaire de sa naissance (1896-1996)". Gregorianum LXXVII (1997), 611-774; Durand, Jean-Dominique. Henri de Lubac : la rencontre au coeur de l'Église. Paris : Cerf, 2006; Gomes, Vitor Franco. Le paradoxe du désir de Dieu : étude sur le rapport de l'homme à Dieu selon Henri de Lubac. Paris : Cerf, 2005. (Études lubaciennes ; 4); Henri de Lubac et le mystère de l'Église : actes du colloque du 12 octobre 1996 à l'Institut de France. Paris : Cerf, 1999. (Etudes lubaciennes ; 1). Note: Responsibility of Jean-Marie Lustiger and Association internationale Cardinal Henri de Lubac; Résistance chrétienne au nazisme. Paris : les Éd. du Cerf, Normandie roto impr., 2006. (Oeuvres complètes / cardinal Henri de Lubac ; 34). Responsibility: cardinal Henri de Lubac ; sous la direction de Jacques Prévotat ; préface, introductions et notes de Renée Bédarida; Sprizzi, Marco; Henri de Lubac : la rencontre au coeur de l'église. Études réunies par Jean-Dominique Durand. Paris : Cerf, 2006; Fisichella, Rino. De Lubac : l'identitá ecclesiale del cristiano. Milano : Paoline, 2004. (Saggistica paoline ; 25): Voderholzer, Rudolf. Meet Henri de Lubac. Translated by Michael J. Miller. San Francisco : Ignatius Press, 2008; Wagner, Jean-Pierre. Henri de Lubac. Paris : Cerf, 2001. (Initiations aux théologiens).

(1) It is believed that in 1969, Pope Paul VI, an admirer of de Father de Lubac's works, had proposed making him a cardinal, but that Father de Lubac demurred, believing that Pope John XXIII's 1962 requirement that all cardinals be bishops was "an abuse of an apostolic office". Paul VI instead elevated Father de Lubac's junior colleague Father Jean Daniélou, S.J., in that consistory, having committed to grant the cardinalate to a Jesuit theologian. In 1983 Pope John Paul II offered Father de Lubac the cardinalate, this time with a dispensation from being consecrated a bishop. At 87, de Lubac accepted.
(2) This is a list of his works in chronological order taken from Wagner, Henri de Lubac, p. 245-249:
"Apologétique et théologie ", Nouvelle Revue théologique, I. 57, Louvain, 1930.
"Sur la philosophie chrétienne ", Nouvelle Revue théologique, I. 63, Louvain, 1936.
"Méditation sur le principe de la vie morale ", Revue apologétique, I. 65, 33e année, Paris, 1937.
Catholicisme, les aspects sociaux du dogme, coll. " Unam sanctam", Paris, Ed. du Cerf, 1938.
"Le motif de la création dans l'"Ëtre et les êtres" de M. Blondel", Nouvelle Revue théologique, I. 65, Louvain, 1938.
La Lumière du Christ, coll. "Le témoignage chrétien", Le Puy, Mappus, 1941.
Vocation de la France, coll. "Le témoignage chrétien ", Le Puy, Mappus, 1941.
"Un nouveau "front" religieux", in Chaine, Richard, Bonsirven, Israël et la foi chrétienne, Fribourg (Switzerland), Librairie l'Université, 1942.
Corpus mysticum, l'Eucharistie et l'Église au Moyen Âge, étude historique, coll. "Théologie ", 3, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1944.
Le Drame de l'humanisme athée, Paris, Ed. Spes, 1944.
Proudhon et le christianisme, coll. " La condition humaine ", Paris, Éd. du Seuil, 1945.
Surnaturel, Études historiques, coll. " Théologie ", 8, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1946.
Le Fondement théologique des missions, coll. "La sphère et la croix ", Paris, Éd. du Seuil, 1946.
"Sur un vieux distique. La doctrine du "quadruple" sens de l'Écriture ", dans Mélanges offerts au R. P Fernand Cavallera, Toulouse, Institut catholique, 1948.
" Le problème du développement du dogme ", Recherches de science religieuse, t. 35, Paris, 1948.
" Duplex hominis beatitudo (S. Thomas Ia, IIae q. 62, a, 1)", Recherches de science religieuse t. 35, Paris, 1948.
" Le mysthre du surnaturel ", Recherches de science religieuse, t. 36,Paris, 1949.
Histoire et Ésprit. L'intelligence de l'Écriture d'après Origène, coll. "Théologie ", 16, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1950.
Affrontements mystiques, Paris, Ed. du Témoignage chrétien, 1950.
Aspects du bouddhisme, coll. "La sphère et la croix", Paris, Éd. du Seuil, 1951.
La Rencontre du bouddhisme et de l'Occident, coll. " Théologie ", 24, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1952.
Catholicisme, 5e éd., Paris, Éd. du Cerf, 1952.
Méditation sur l'Église, coll. "Théologie", 27, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1953.
Amida. Aspects du bouddhisme lI, Paris, Éd. du Seuil, 1955.
Sur les chemins de Dieu, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1956 (édition considérablement au, gmentée du volume: De la connaissance de Dieu, publié aux Éd. du Témgignage chrétien en 1945).
Exégèse médiévale, Les quatre sens de l'Écriture, Ire partie, livres I-II, coll. "Théologie", 42, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1959.
Paradoxes, suivi de Nouveaux Paradoxes, Paris, Éd. du Seuil, 1959 (reprise augmentée de volumes publiés sous les mêmes titres en 1946 et 1955).
"Sur le chapitre XIVe du Proslogion", dans Spicilegium Beccense I (Congrès international du IXe centenaire de l'arrivée d'Anselme au Bec), Le Bec-Paris, Vrin, 1959.
Exégèse médiévale, Les quatre sens de l'Écriture, IIe partie, livre I, coll. " Théologie ", 42, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1961.
La Pensée religieuse du père Teilhard de Chardin, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1962.
Exégèse médiévale, Les quatre sens de l'Écriture, IIe partie, livre II, coll. "Théologie", 59, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1964.
La Prière du père Teilhard de Chardin, coll. "Le signe", Paris, Fayard, 1964.
Augustinisme et théologie moderne, coll. " Théologie ", 63, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1965.
Le Mystère du surnaturel, coll. " Théologie ", 64, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1965.
Teilhard, missionnaire et apologiste, Toulouse, Prière et vie, 1966.
L'Écriture dans la tradition, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1966.
Images de l'abbé Monchanin, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1967.
Paradoxe et Mystère de l'Église, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1967.
L'Eternel féminin, étude sur un texte de Teilhard de Chardin, suivi de Teilhard et notre temps, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1968.
Athéisme et sens de l'homme, une double requête de "Gaudium et Spes, coll. "Foi vivante", 67, Paris, Ed. du Cerf, 1968.
"Commentaire du Priambule et du chapitre I de la constitution dogmatique Dei Verbum" in La Révélation divine, coll. "Unam sanctam", 70, Paris, Éd. du Cerf, 1968; texte réédité séparément sous le titre La Révélation divine, coll. "Traditions chritiennes", Paris, Éd. du Cerf, 1983.
La Foi chrétienne, Essai sur la structure du symbole des Apôtres, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1969.
L'Église dans la crise actuelle, Paris, Éd. du Cerf, 1969.
"L'apport de Teilhard à la connaissance de Dieu", in Teilhard de Chardin, coll. "Génies et réalités", Paris, Hachette, 1969.
Les Églises particulihres dans l'Église universelle, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1971.
Claudel et Péguy (in collaboration with J. Bastaire), Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1974.
Pic de La Mirandole. Études et discussions, Paris, Aubier-Montaigne, 1974.
"Hommage à Hans Urs von Balthasar pour ses soixante-dix ans", Communio, I, i Paris, 1975.
Teilhard posthume, réflexions et souvenirs, Paris, Fayard, 1977.
La Postérité spirituelle de Joachim de Flore, t. I, Paris-Namur, Lethielleux, 1979.
Recherches dans la foi. Trois études sur Origène, saint Anselme et la philosophie chrétienne, Paris, Beauchesne, 1979.
Petite catéchèse sur nature et grâce, Paris, Fayard, 1980.
La Postérité spirituelle de Joachim de Flore, t. II, Paris-Namur, Lethielleux, 1981.
Thiologies d'occasion, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1984.
Entretien autour de Vatican II. Souvenirs et riflexions, Paris, France-Catholique, Éd. du Cerf, 1985.
Résistance chrétienne à l'antisémitisme. Souvenirs (1940-1944), préface par M. Sales, Paris, Fayard, 1988.
Mémoire sur l'occasion de mes écrits, Namur, Culture et vérité, 1989.
"Témoignage", in H. Bouillard, Vérité du christianisme, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1989. Théologie dans l'histoire, t. I: La Lumière du Christ, Avant-propos de M. Sales, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1990; t. II: Questions disputées et résistance au nazisme, Avertissement de M. Sales, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1990.
Surnaturel, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer; 1991, 2e éd., préparée et préfacée par M. Sales.
"La foi chrétienne: petite introduction au symbole des Apôtres", Communio, t. 16, 5-6, Paris, 1991.
(3) This is the text of the simple inscription in their tomb kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici from Malta:

Cardinal Jean
DANIELOU
1905 - 1974
Cardinal Henri
DE LUBAC
1896 - 1991


lubachivsky.jpg

LUBACHIVSKY, Myroslav Ivan
(1914-2000)

Birth. June 24, 1914, Dolyna, eparchy of Ivano-Frankisvk of the Ukrainians, Ukraine, Russia.

Education. Seminary of Lviv, Lviv; Innsbruck University, Innsbruck, Austria; Theological Faculty, Sion, Switzerland; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome; Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome (doctorate in theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, September 28, 1938, Lviv. Pastoral ministry, Lviv, 1938-1942. Further studies, 1942-1947, Rome. In United States, 1947-1980, pastoral ministry among the Ukrainians in Michigan, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Wisconsin; secretary to the archbishop of Philadelphia of the Ukraines; secretary of Ukrainian section of National Catholic Welfare Conference; faculty member, Ukrainian Seminary of Stamford. Faculty member of the Pontifical Ukrainian College of St. Josafat, Rome, 1967-1968; collaborator of Vatican Radio. Spiritual director, Ukrainian seminaries in Washington and Stamford; faculty member in several schools and colleges, 1969-1979.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Philadelphia of the Ukraines, September 13, 1979. Consecrated, November 12, 1979, Sistine Chapel, the Vatican, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Cardinal Josyf Slipyj, archbishop major of Lviv, and by Maxim Hermaniuk, C.SS.R., archbishop of Winnipeg of the Ukrainians. It was the first time that Pope John Paul II celebrated in an Oriental rite. Named archbishop coadjutor, with right of succession, of the major archbishopric of Lviv of the Ukraines, Ukraine, March 27, 1980. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983. Succeeded to the see of Lviv of the Ukraines, September 7, 1984.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the title of S. Sofia a Via Boccea, May 25, 1985. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; one of its three president delegates. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, June 24, 1994. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994.

Death. December 14, 2000, of pneumonia, in Lviv. Buried in the crypt of St. George's cathedral, Lviv.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1790-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 181.

Link. Photograph and biography, in English, fifth on page.


lustiger.jpg

LUSTIGER, Jean-Marie
(1926-2007)

Birth. September 17, 1926, Hospital Rothschild, Paris, France. Of a Polish Jewish family that migrated earlier in the century. His parents were Karl and Gissèl Léa Lustiger. He lived with a Christian family in Orléans, 1940-1942; converted to Catholicism and was baptized, together with his sister Arlette, on August 25, 1940, in the episcopal chapel of Orléans by Jules-Marie Courcoux, bishop of that diocese; changed his name Aron to Jean-Marie; the god-parents were Suzanne Combes and Jean Bathellier; his parents attended the ceremony; he received confirmation shortly after from the same bishop. His mother was arrested by the Gestapo in Paris and sent to a concentration camp in Drancy in 1941; and later to Auschwitz, where she died; her name appears in the "Mémorial des Juifs de France" with number 48 and the date of February 13, 1943. After the liberation of France from the Nazis in 1945, his father tried to obtain the annulment of Jean-Marie's baptism.

Education. Primary studies in schools in Paris; secondary studies at Lycée Montaigne, Paris, 1936-1939; and Lycée Pothier, Orléans, 1940-1942; Minor Seminary of Coflans, 1942-1943 (obtained a bachelor's in June 1943); La Sorbonne University, Paris, 1945-1946 (lettres); Seminary des Carmes, Institut Catholique de Paris, 1946-1954 (philosophy and theology); military service.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 17, 1954, chapel of the Seminary des Carmes, Institut Catholique de Paris, by Émile-Arsène Blanchet, titular bishop of Lero, rector of Institut Catholique de Paris. From 1954 to 1959, chaplain of the Paris university parish, chaplain to students of letters and sciences, La Sorbonne University; chaplain to students of Grandes Ecoles (E.N.S. de Saint-Cloud, Fontenay). From 1959 to 1969, director of Centre Richelieu; responsible for the chaplains of the new universities of the Parisian region. Pastor of Sainte-Jeanne-de-Chantal, Paris, 1969-1979.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Orléans, November 10, 1979. Consecrated, December 8, 1979, cathedral of Orléans, by Cardinal François Marty, archbishop of Paris, assisted by Eugène Ernoult, archbishop of Sens, and by Daniel Pézeril, titular bishop of Reperi, auxiliary of Paris. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Paris, January 31, 1981. Ordinary of the faithful of Oriental rite residing in France without their own ordinary, March 12, 1981.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 2, 1983; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro, February 2, 1983. Attended the VI Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; to the II Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; to the VIII Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; member of the general secretariat, 1990-1994. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; president delegate. By papal bull, transferred to the title of S. Luigi dei Francesi, November 26, 1994. Elected member of the Académie Française, June 15, 1995; reception, March 14, 1996. Special papal envoy to the closing celebrations of the First Centennial of the Evangelization of Burundi, Gitega, November 22, 1998; to the third centenary commemorative celebrations of the cathedral of Nice, France, May 2, 1999. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Special papal envoy to the celebrations for the 150th anniversary of the diocese of Basse-Terre e Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, held in that ecclesiastical circumscription, November 19, 2000. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the concentration camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau, Poland, on January 27, 2005. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, February 11, 2005. Apostolic administrator of Paris, February 11 to March 5, 2005. Resigned the office of ordinary for Catholics of Oriental rite resident in France and without an ordinary of their own, March 14, 2005. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, September 17, 2006. On May 31, 2007, in a wheelchair, he made an emotionally charged appearance at the Académie Française to say goodbye to his fellow "immortals", as the 40 members of the prestigious academy are known (1). He resided at 14ème arrondissement, 277 boulevard Raspail, Paris.

Death. August 5, 2007, at 7:20 p.m., of cancer, at Maison médicale Jeanne-Garnier, 106, avenue Émile Zola, Paris; his death certificate mentions him as Aron Lustiger. The body was exposed in the metropolitan cathedral of Notre-Dame of Paris on August 9, 2007, from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. On August 10, 2007, at 10 a.m., in the cathedral of Notre-Dame of Paris, took place the funeral of the cardinal. The mass was presided by Archbishop André Vingt-Trois of Paris. President Nicolas Sarkozy, who returned from his vacation in the United States of America to be present at the funeral, Prime Minister François Fillon, as well as several members of the government, attended the ceremony, together with sixteen cardinals, fifty bishops, 500 priests and 3000 faithful, who filled the cathedral. The family of the late cardinal; Bernadette Chirac, former first lady of France; Lech Walesa, former president of Poland; representatives of other religions and the Jewish community, in which the cardinal was born, were also present. Cardinal Paul Poupard, president of the Pontifical Commission for Culture, read a message from Pope Benedict XVI. At the end of the ceremony, the body of the cardinal was buried in the crypt of the cathedral, which is inaccessible to the public and situated below the choir of Notre-Dame; the archbishops of Paris after the 17th century repose in the crypt (2). On October 23, 2013, in the Benedictine monastery of Abu Gosh, near Jerusalem, a memorial was inaugurated in his honor.

Bibliography. Jore, Alexander. Épiscopologe Français de 1592 à 1973. Mis à jour et continué jusqu'en 2004. Complément de l'article "France" du Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastiques t. XVIII, colonnes 161 à 532. Pro-Manuscripto, 25 - III- 2004, no. 3244; Serrou, Robert, Olivier Néri and Bruno Serrou. Lustiger : "cardinal, juif et fils d'immigri". Ed. rev. et augm. Paris : Perrin, 2001; Tincq, Henri. Aron Jean-Marie Lustiger. Le cardinal prophète. Paris : Éditions Grasset, 2012.

Links. Photograph and bibliography, in French, archdiocese of Paris (the menu is on the left side of page); photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; Cardinal Lustiger's funeral ceremony begins with reading of Kaddish, in English, European Jewish Press, August 10, 2007; Jean-Marie Lustiger, une lecture spirituelle de l'histoire. Portraits de cardinaux français du XVIe au XXe siècle, le-Croix.com Institut Jean-Marie Lustiger, in French, The Institut; Les parents du cardinal Lustiger avaient été baptisés by Jean-Marie Guénois, Le Figaro, 03/04/2012 ` 20:32.

(1) These are his works, taken from the site of the Académie Française, linked above: Sermons d'un curé de Paris (Fayard) (1978); Pain de vie et peuple de Dieu (Critérion) (1981); Osez croire (Le Centurion) (1985); Osez vivre (Le Centurion) (1985); Premiers pas dans la prière (Nouvelle Citi) (1986); Prenez place au cœur de l'Église (Office chrétien des handicapés) (1986); Six sermons aux élus de la Nation, 1981-1986 (Le Cerf) (1987); Le Choix de Dieu. Entretiens avec Jean-Louis Missika et Dominique Wolton (Le Fallois) (1987); La Messe (Bayard) (1988); Dieu merci, les droits de l'homme (Critérion) (1990); Le Sacrement de l'onction des malades (Le Cerf) (1990); Le Saint-Ayoul de Jeanclos (en collaboration avec Alain Peyrefitte) (Fayard) (1990); Nous avons rendez-vous avec lEurope (Mame) (1991); Dare to rejoice (Compilation américaine) (Our Sunday visitor) (1991); Petites paroles de nuit de Noël (Le Fallois) (1992); Devenez dignes de la condition humaine (Flammarion) (1995); Le Baptême de votre enfant (Fleurus) (1997); Soyez heureux (Éd. Nil) (1997); Pour l'Europe, un nouvel art de vivre (PUF) (1999); Les prêtres que Dieu donne (Desclée de Brouwer) (2000); Comme Dieu vous aime. Un pèlerinage ` Jérusalem, Rome et Lourdes (Parole et silence) (2001); La Promesse (Parole et Silence) (2002); Comment Dieu ouvre la porte de la foi (Desclée de Brouwer) (2004); Contempler l'Apocalypse (Parole et Silence) (2005).
(2) A commemorative plaque will be installed in the cathedral with the following message from the late cardinal:

Je suis né juif.
J'ai reçu le nom
de mon grand-père paternel, Aron.
Devenu chrétien
par la foi et le baptême, je suis demeuré juif
comme le demeuraient les Apôtres.
J'ai pour saints patrons
Aron le Grand Prêtre,
saint Jean l'Apôtre,
sainte Marie pleine de grâce.
Nommé 139e archevêque de Paris
par Sa Sainteté le pape Jean-Paul II,
j'ai été intronisé dans cette cathédrale
le 27 février 1981,
puis j'y ai exercé tout mon ministère.
Passants, priez pour moi.
+ Aron Jean-Marie cardinal Lustiger
Archevêque de Paris

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