The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
(1903-2011)

M

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MCCARRICK, Theodore Edgar
(1930-

Birth. July 7, 1930, New York, United States of America. Son of Theodore Egan McCarrick, a ship captain who died of tuberculosis when he was three years old, and Margaret McLaughlin.

Education. Seminary "Saint Joseph", Dunwoodie, New York; Catholic University of America, Washington (master in history and doctorate in sociology). Besides his native English, he also speaks French, German, Italian and Spanish.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 31, 1958, New York, by Cardinal Francis Joseph Spellman, archbishop of New York. Further studies, Washington, 1958-1963; during his vacations, directed the Institute for Spanish Studies, Catholic University of Puerto Rico, Ponce, established to propagate the knowledge of Spanish language and Puerto Rican culture among the priests and religious of the New York area. From 1961-1963, dean of students, Catholic University of America and faculty member of the Graduate School and the College of Arts and Sciences; assistant to the president and first Director of Development. President of the Catholic University of Puerto Rico, October 1965 to 1969; had an active participation in several educational institutions of Puerto Rico. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, November 10, 1965 (title changed to Prelate of Honor, 1968). Secretary adjunct for Education in the archdiocese of New York and pastoral ministry at the Most Blessed Sacrament parish, 1969-1971; founded the Cardinal's Committee for Education and the Inner City Scholarship Fund, to promote the education of the poor particularly among minorities. Secretary to Cardinal Terence James Cooke, archbishop of New York, 1971-1977.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Rusubisir and appointed auxiliary of New York, May 24, 1977. Consecrated, June 29, 1977, New York, by Cardinal Terence James Cooke, archbishop of New York, assisted by John Joseph Maguire, titular archbishop of Tabalta, coadjutor of the archbishop of New York, and by Patrick Vincent Ahern, titular bishop of Naiera, auxiliary of New York. In the same ceremony were consecrated Austin Bernard Vaughan, titular bishop of Cluain Iraird, auxiliary of New York; and Francisco Garmendia, titular bishop of Limisa, auxiliary of New York. His episcopal motto is Come Lord Jesus. Named Episcopal vicar for Education and vicar of East Manhattan and the Harlems. Transferred to newly established see of Metuchen, New Jersey, November 19, 1981. Promoted to metropolitan see of Newark, May 30, 1986. Attended Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16-December 12, 1997; president of the Commission for the message; elected member of the post-synodal council. Superior of the sui iuris mission of Turks and Caicos. Member of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, 1999-2001. Transferred to metropolitan see of Washington, November 21, 2000.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received red biretta and title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo, February 21, 2001. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. His resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese was accepted on May 16, 2006, in conformity to canon 401§ 1 of the Code of Canon Law. Apostolic administrator of the metropolitan see of Washington, May 16 to June 22, 2006. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age on July 7, 2010.

Links. Photograph and biography, in English, archdiocese of Washington; his arms, archdiocese of Washington; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Globe-trotting Cardinal Theodore McCarrick is almost 84 and working harder than ever by David Gibson Religion News Service | Jun. 21, 2014, National Catholic Reporter.


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MACHARSKI, Franciszek
(1927-

Birth. May 20, 1927, Kraków, Poland. The youngest of the three children of Leopold Macharski, a lawyer, and Zofia Pec. The other siblings were Władysław, member of the Polish Association of the Knights of Malta (died on June 10, 2010); and, Janina. Baptized on June 26, 1927, in St. Stefan parish in Kraków. He received the sacrament of confirmation in 1944 from Stanisław Rospond, titular bishop of Dardano, auxiliary of Kraków.

Education. Studied at the Major Metropolitan Seminary of Kraków; at the Jegellonican Catholic University, Kraków; and at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 2, 1950, basilica of Święty Franciszek, Kraków, by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Kraków. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Kraków, 1950-1956. Further studies, 1956-1960. Faculty member, Major Metropolitan Seminary of Kraków, 1960-1970; rector, 1970-1978. Attended the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; auditor priest. Canon of the metropolitan chapter of Kraków, 1977-1978.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Kraków, December 29, 1978. Consecrated, January 6, 1979, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Julian Groblicki, titular bishop of Filadelfia di Arabia, auxiliary of Kraków and by Stanisław Smoleński, titular bishop of Alava, auxiliary of Kraków.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 30, 1979; received the red biretta and the title of S. Giovanni a Porta Latina, June 30, 1979. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 5 to 9, 1979, Vatican City. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1983. Papal legate to the 17th International Marian Congress and 10th Mariological Congress, Kevelaer, Germany, September 17 to 20, 1987. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999; president delegate. Special papal envoy to the Slovakian National Eucharistic Congress, Bratislava, Slovakia, September 23 to 24, 2000. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the consecration of the Basilica of Lisieux, France, July 11, 2004. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. His resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese, in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law, was accepted by the pope on June 3, 2005. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old on May 20, 2007.

Bibliography. Nitecki, Piotr. Biskupi Kościoła w Polsce w latach 965-1999. Słownik biograficzny. Przedmowa Henryk Gulbinowicz. Warszawa : Instytut Wydawniczy "Pax", Warszawa 2000, col. 271; Prokop, Krzysztof Rafał. Polscy kardynałowie. Kraków : Wydawnictwo WAM, 2001, pp. 325-333.

Links. Arms, photograph and biographical data, in Polish, archdiocese of Kraków; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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MAHONY, Roger Michael
(1936-

Birth. February 27, 1936, Hollywood, archdiocese of Los Angeles, United States of America. Son of Victor James Mahony, owner of a poultry processing plant, and Loretta Baron. He has a twin brother, Louis James, and an older brother, Neil Anthony.

Education. Our Lady of Los Angeles Preseminary, Los Angeles; Our Lady of Angels Seminary, Mission Hill. Incardinated in the diocese of Monterey-Fresno. Catholic University of America, Washington (doctorate in social work). He is fluent in Spanish.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 1, 1962, St. John's cathedral, Fresno, by Aloysius J. Willinger, C.Ss.R., bishop of Monterey-Fresno. Successively, 1962-1963, pastoral ministry in the diocese of Monterey-Fresno. As a young priest, he celebrated mass with Mexican fieldworkers and worked with César Chávez to fight for better farmworker conditions. He served on the Mexican-American Council for Better Housing and led the California Agricultural Labor Relations Board, where he oversaw the implementation of sweeping labor reforms for farmworkers. When the diocese of Monterey-Fresno was split into the dioceses of of Montery and Fresno on October 6, 1967, Father Mahony was incardinated in the diocese of Fresno. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Fresno, 1967-1973. Further studies, Washington. Diocesan director of Catholic Charities and Social Services, 1964-1970. Diocesan chancellor, 1970-1980. Diocesan consultor and pastor of St. John's cathedral, 1973-1975.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tamascani and appointed auxiliary of Fresno, January 2, 1975. Consecrated, March 19, 1975, Fresno Convention Center, by Hugh A. Donohoe, bishop of Fresno, assisted by William Robert Johnson, titular bishop of Blera, auxiliary of Los Angeles, and by John Stephen Cummins, titular bishop of Lambesi, auxiliary of Sacramento. His episcopal motto is To reconcile God's people. Transferred to the see of Stockton, February 15, 1980. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Los Angeles, July 12, 1985. In 1986, he founded The Catholic Education Foundation, which has given away more than $108 million in scholarships to disadvantaged children. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received red biretta and title of Ss. Quattro Coronati, June 28, 1991. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, July 15, 1991. Attended Special Assembly for America of Synod of Bishops, November 16 to December 12, 1997, Vatican City; president delegate. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Participated in the Special Assembly for the Middle East of the Synod of Bishops, October 10 to 24, 2010, at Vatican City. The cardinal has acknowledged mistakes in how he handled the clergy abuse scandal. He announced his retirement plans on January 16, 2011. Retired as archbishop of Los Angeles when he turned seventy five years old on February 27, 2011, and was succeeded by Archbishop coadjutor José Horacio Gómez, of the personal prelature of Opus Dei. On March 1, 2011, Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. On January 31, 2013, he was removed by his successor, Archbishop José Horacio Gómez, from any administrative or public duties because of the way he handled allegations of priest sexual abuse. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1790-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 169-170; Schippe, C. "Mahony, Roger Michael." New Catholic encyclopedia : jubilee volume, the Wojtyła years. Detroit, MI : Gale Group in association with the Catholic University of America, 2001, p. 350-351.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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MAIDA, Adam Joseph
(1930-

Birth. March 18, 1930, East Vandergrift, diocese of Pittsburgh (now diocese of Greensburg), United States of America. Of a Polish American family, he was the first of three sons of Adam Maida, who came from a rural area near Warsaw, and Sophie Cieslak, born in the United States. One of his brothers, Thaddeus, is a priest incardinated in the diocese of Pittsburgh.

Education. St. Vincent's College, Latrobe; St. Mary's University, Baltimore; Pontifical Lateran University, Rome (licentiates in theology and canon law); Duquesne University, Pittsburgh (doctorate in civil law).

Priesthood. Ordained, May 26, 1956, St. Paul Cathedral, Pittsburgh, by John Dearden, bishop of Pittsburgh. Further studies, Rome, 1956-1960. From 1960 to 1983, in the diocese of Pittsburgh, pastoral ministry; further studies; assistant chancellor; vice-chancellor; diocesan general consultor in the diocesan tribunal; faculty member, La Roche College; chaplain of the St. Thomas More's Society; faculty member, Duquesne University, 1971-1983.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Green Bay, November 7, 1983. Consecrated, January 25, 1984, St. Francis Xavier cathedral, Green Bay, by Pio Laghi, titular archbishop of Mauriana, apostolic delegate to the United States of America, assisted by Aloysius John Wycislo, bishop emeritus of Green Bay, and by Vincent Martin Leonard, bishop emeritus of Pittsburgh. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Detroit, April 28, 1990.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 26, 1994; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Vitale, Valeria, Gervasio e Protasio, November 26, 1994. Papal legate to the 19th International Marian Congress, Czestochowa, Poland, August 24-26, 1996. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997; II Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Superior of the Mission sui iuris of the Cayman Islands, July 14, 2000. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. On January 5, 2009, the pope accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. He was apostolic administrator of the archdiocese until the installation of his successor on January 28, 2009. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age on March 18, 2010.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1790-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 191; Bugarini, G. Michael. "Maida, Adam." New Catholic encyclopedia : jubilee volume, the Wojtyła years. Detroit, MI : Gale Group in association with the Catholic University of America, 2001, p. 351-352.

Links. Photographs, arms, and biography, in English; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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MANNING, Timothy
(1909-1989)

Birth. November 15, 1909, Ballingeary, diocese of Cork, Ireland. Son of Cornelius Manning and Margaret Cronin.

Education. Mungret College, Limerick; Saint Patrick's Seminary, Menlo Park, Cal., United States of America; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 16, 1934, Los Angeles. Further studies, 1934-1936. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Los Angeles, 1936-1938; 1946-1967. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, April 15, 1943. Secretary to John Joseph Cantwell, archbishop of Los Angeles, 1938-1946. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, November 17, 1945. Chancellor of the archdiocese of Los Angeles, March 19, 1946.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Lesvi and appointed auxiliary of Los Angeles, August 3, 1946. Consecrated, October 15, 1946, Los Angeles, by Joseph Thomas McGucken, titular bishop of Sanavo, auxiliary of Los Angeles, assisted by James Edward Walsh, M.M., titular bishop of Sata, and by Thomas Arthur Connolly, titular bishop of Sila and auxiliary of Los Angeles. Vicar general of the archdiocese of Los Angeles, November 29, 1955. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Transferred to the diocese of Fresno, October 16, 1967. Promoted to titular archbishop of Carpi and appointed coadjutor of Los Angeles, with right of succession, May 26, 1969. Succeeded to the see of Los Angeles, January 21, 1970.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 5, 1973; received the red biretta and the title of S. Lucia a Piazza d'Armi, March 5, 1973. Attended the IV Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5-9, 1979. Special papal envoy to the celebration of 3rd centennial of St. Oliver Plunkett's martyrdom, Drogheda, Ireland, July 5, 1981. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; president delegate. Resigned the pastoral government of archdiocese, July 12, 1985. After his retirement, he resided at Holy Family parish, South Pasadena. During his tenure, he managed to celebrate mass on every altar of his archdiocese.

Death. Friday June 23, 1989, at 2:20 p.m.; a life long heavy smoker, he died of lung cancer, which eventually spread to his chest and spine, at the Norris Cancer Hospital of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. The funeral mass took place at the metropolitan cathedral of St. Vibiana, presided by his successor, Archbishop Roger Mahony of Los Angeles. In attendance were Cardinals John O'Connor, James Hickey and Edmund C. Szoka, together with thirty Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist and Hindu leaders from the Los Angeles interfaith circles, which the late cardinal had helped to create. Eleven hundred people attended the funeral mass. His body was buried at Calvary Cemetery, East Los Angeles. Unlike those of Cardinal James Francis McIntyre, the remains of Cardinal Manning were not transferred to the new Our Lady of Los Angeles metropolitan cathedral mausoleum according to his personal request, as he wanted to be buried in a simple grave for priests.

Bibliography. Weber Francis. Magnificat : the life and times of Timothy Cardinal Manning. Mission Hills, Calif. : St. Francis Historical Society, 1999.


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MARCHISANO, Francesco
(1929-2014)

Birth. June 25, 1929, Racconigi, archdiocese of Turin, Italy.

Education. Attended the Seminaries of Turin: ginnasio, Giaveno (1940-1945); philosophy, Chieri (1945-1948); theology, Turin (1948-1949) and Rivoli Torinese (1949-1952); Pontifical Lombard Seminary, Rome (1952-1956); Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome (licentiate in Sacred Scripture, 1954); Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (doctorate in theology; thesis: L'interpretazione di "kekaritomene" Lc. 1,28 fino alla met` del secolo XII, 1957).

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1952, at the metropolitan cathedral of Turin, by Cardinal Maurilio Fossati, archbishop of Turin. Sent to Rome temporarily to pursue studies in order to become a professor at the Seminary of Rivoli, 1956. The Roman temporarility became permanent when Cardinal Giuseppe Pizzardo called him to the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities of Studies appointing him aiutante di studio for the sections of "Seminaries" in 1956. He was charged first with the European countries and later with the Latin American ones; later with the nations of German and English language, the ones behind the Iron Curtain and the ecclesiastical colleges of Rome. For thirty two years, four times a week, beginning in 1957, he taught catechism to deaf and mute children in the Institute in via Nomentan; he also celebrated Sunday mass for them. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, May 4, 1961. Named head of the Office of Seminaries, May 7, 1968. Undersecretary of the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities, June 3, 1969 until October 6, 1988. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, February 28, 1971. In 1971 he visited numerous nations fomenting the formation of the candidates to the priesthood and Catholic instruction. Taught catechism to deaf and mute children in Rome for thirty years.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Populonia and appointed secretary of the Pontifical Commission for the Preservation of the Artistic and Cultural Patrimony of the Church, October 6, 1988. Consecrated, January 6, 1989, Vatican City, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Edward Idris Cassidy, titular archbishop of Amanzia, substitute of the secretariat of State for General Affairs, and by José Tomás Sánchez, archbishop emeritus of Nueva Segovia, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto was In Caritate Radicati et Fundati. President of the Foundation John XXIII, October 20, 1988. President of the Pontifical Commission of Sacred Archeology, September 4, 1991. Appointed president of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Patrimony of the Church, May 3, 1993; the commission had been established on March 25, 1993. Promoted to archbishop, July 9, 1994. President of the Artistic-Cultural Commission of the Grand Jubilee of the Year 2000, March 17, 1995. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998; by papal appointment. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999; by papal appointment. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001; by papal appointment. Named archpriest of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica, vicar general for the State of Vatican City, and president of the Fabric of St. Peter's basilica, April 24, 2002. President of the Permanent Commission for the Care of the Historical and Artistic Monuments of the Holy See, March 8, 2003. Resigned the presidency of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Patrimony of the Church, October 13, 2003.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Lucia del Gonfalone, October 21, 2003. Named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education; and of the Pontifical Council for Culture. Resigned the presidency of the Pontifical Commission of Sacred Archeology, August 28, 2004. President of the Office of Labor of the Apostolic See, February 5, 2005. Relieved from the posts of vicar general of the State of Vatican City and of president of the Fabric of St. Peter's, February 5, 2005. In a funeral mass for Pope John Paul II celebrated the day after his exequies, the cardinal revealed that he had been cured of a grave illness of the throat after the late pope had prayed and touched him. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Reappointed as president of the Office of Labor of the Apostolic See, April 21, 2005. Attended the XI General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; by papal appointment. Resigned the post of archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, October 31, 2006. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when he turned eighty years old on June 25, 2009. On July 3, 2009, he resigned, by reason of age, from the charges of president of the Permanent Commission for the Custody of the Historic and Artistic Monuments of the Holy See, and of president of the Office of Labor of the Apostolic See. Opted for the order of cardinal priests on June 12, 2014 and his deaconry, S. Lucia del Gonfalone, was elevated pro hac vice to title. He resided at Piazza of San Calisto 16 - 00153 Roma. He had been granted the honorary citizenship of Racconigi. He resided in Piazza S. Calisto 16, Rome.

Death. July 27, 2014, around 10 a.m., in Rome. The funeral, presided by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the College of Cardinals, took place on Wednesday July 30, 2014, at 8 a.m., in the Papal Vatican Basilica. Upon learning the news of the death, Pope Francis sent Archbishop Cesare Nosiglia of Turin a telegram of condolence (1). The pope presided the rite of ultima commendatio and of the valedictio. The burial took place in the tomb of the Clergy in Racconigi on July 31, 2014.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photographas and biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; photograph and biography, in Italian; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Card. Marchisano: Una ferita la vendita delle chiese. Iniervista al Cardinale Francesco Marchisano, 'Il Consulente Re Online', December 2009, Rossoporpora; «Così abbiamo eletto Ratzinger»Tutti i segreti della Cappella Sistina by Giovanni Panettiere, Quotidiano Nazionale, 28 febbraio 2013; Addio al cardinale "miracolato" da Wojtyla by Giacomo Galeazzi, in Italian, Vatican Insider, 28/07/2014.

(1) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Press Office of the Holy See:

A Sua Eccelenza Reverendissima
Mons. Cesare Nosiglia
Arcivescovo di Torino
Via Val della Torre 3 10149 Torino

Appresa la notizia della morte del Cardinale Francesco Marchisano, illustre figlio di codesta terra, desidero esprimere a Vostra Eccellenza, al presbiterio e allintera comunità diocesana, come pure ai parenti e agli amici del compianto Porporato, sentimenti di profondo cordoglio. Penso con affetto a questo caro pastore che per tanti anni ha prestato la sua solerte collaborazione alla Sede Apostolica, specialmente nella Congregazione per l'Educazione cattolica e poi quale Arciprete della Basilica Vaticana, infine come Presidente dell'Ufficio del Lavoro della Sede Apostolica. Egli lascia la testimonianza di una vita spesa nel'adesione generosa alla propria vocazione, quale sacerdote e Vescovo sollecito per le necessità dei fedeli e sensibile al mondo dell'arte e della cultura. Innalzo preghiere di suffragio perchè il Signore lo accolga nel gaudio e nella pace eterna, ed invio a quanti condividono il dolore per la sua scomparsa la confortatrice Benedizione Apostolica.

FRANCISCUS PP.

An analogous telegram was sent by Cardinal Pietro Parolin, secretary of State.


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MARGÉOT, Jean
(1916-2009)

Birth. February 3, 1916, Quatre-Bornes, diocese of Port-Louis, Mauritius. Son of Joseph Margéot and Marie Harel.

Education. Secondary education at Collège Père-Laval (later Collège du St. Esprit) and Collège Royal, Port-Louis; in 1933, he was admitted to the French Seminary, Rome; did his ecclesiastical studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (licentiate in philosophy and in theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, December 17, 1938, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome. Returned to Mauritius on August 25, 1939. In 1939, he was named parochial vicar at La Visitation, in Vacoas, where he quickly organized the Catholic Youth Association. On April 28, 1940, he was named spiritual director of the Légion de Marie, which he promoted with great success throughout the country. Later, he was vicar at St.Pierre-ès-Liens, Moka; at Ste. Thérèse, Curepipe; at Notre Dame du Rosaire, Quare Bornes; at St. Sauveur; at Bambous; and at the cathedral of St. Louis. At the end of 1945, at the invitation of Bishop François Émile Marie Cléret de Langavant, C.S.Sp., of Saint-Denis, he went to La Réunion to establish the Légion de Marie. In 1947, he represented the diocese in Antananarivo, in the celebrations marking the canonization of Saint Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort. On December 29, 1947, he was named secretary of the Roman Catholic Education Authority, with residence in the presbytery of the cathedral; on June 20, 1952, he became its president. Founder of "Foyers de Notre Dame" in 1953. Founder of "Foyer Monsignor Murphy", for the formation of native clergy. He was administrator of the diocese during the illness of Bishop Daniel Liston, C.S.Sp. He became the first Mauritian vicar general of the diocese of Port Louis on April 1, 1956; occupied the post until June 1, 1968; vicar capitular, June 1, 1968, at the resignation of Bishop Liston; occupied the post until February 6, 1969. Domestic prelate of honor of His Holiness, September 19, 1956. On that same date, he was named prelate of the Maison du Pape. Pastor of the parish Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes, Rose-Hill, when that important parish of Plaines-Wilhems passed from the Jesuit Fathers to the diocesan clergy in October of 1957. Because of the long absences of Bishop Liston in Rome during the sessions of the Second Vatican Council, he was closely associated with the direction of the diocese. In 1963, he founded l'Action Familiale to face the problems created by the population increase. Named member of the Pontifical Commission for the Family, he participated in two of its sessions in Rome. At the beginning of 1968, when the country lived serious social disturbances related to its independence, he was the trusted pastor who accurately listened to Catholic community. In the same way, he ensured the successful progress of the Church within the new Mauritian state, recently created. In Lent 1969, he asked the clergy and the faithful to work for the development of the country.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Port-Louis, February 6, 1969. Consecrated, May 4, 1969, shrine of Marie-Reine-de-la-Paix, Port Louis, by Paolo Mosconi, titular archbishop of Leges, pro-nuncio in Madagascar, assisted by Angelo Innocent Fernandes, archbishop of Delhi, and by Georges-Henri Guibert, C.S.Sp., bishop of Saint-Denis-de-La Réunion; 80, 000 people attended the ceremony, which was considered the most important in the history of the city until then. Named assistant at the Pontifical Throne on October 10, 1972. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. President of the Episcopal Conference of Indian Ocean, 1985-1989.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the title of S. Gabriele Arcangelo all'Acque Traversa, June 28, 1988. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Resigned the pastoral government of the diocese, February 15, 1993. He went to reside at the Convent of Bonne Terre, where he continued giving retreats and conferences; in October 2005, he was affected by a grave illness; after a period of convalescence, he resumed all his normal activities. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994. Special papal envoy to the celebration of 150th anniversary of the evangelization of New Caledonia, Numea, May 22, 1994. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, February 3, 1996. Grand Officer of the Order of the Star and Key, March 12, 1997. In February 1999, he played an important mediation role to calm the disorders that affected the country. He was the first bishop and the first cardinal from Mauritius.

Death. Friday July 17, 2009, at 9:40 a.m., local time, in his room in the pavillion situated in the convent of the Filles de Marie, Bonne-Terre, Vacoas. Although still mentally lucid, his health had deteriorated since the heart attack that he suffered back in 2005. He was a priest for over 70 years, a bishop for 40, and a cardinal for 21. His body was taken from his residence to the cathedral of St. Louis on Friday July 17, at 5 p.m., and there it laid in state from 6 p.m.; a book of condolences was available. The funeral mass was celebrated on Sunday, July 19, at noon, at the Shrine of Marie-Reine-de-la-Paix; the body of the cardinal was taken from the cathedral at 11 a.m., accompanied by members of the SMF and the orchestra of the police. A national day of mourning was decreed by the Republic of Mauritius for the occasion. Interment followed in the crypt of the cathedral; only relatives and priests were present. Upon learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to Bishop Maurice Piat of Port-Louis; and the family of the late cardinal.

Bibliography. Margéot, Jean ; Nagapen, Amédée; Appassamy, Freddy ; Dinan, Jacques ; Foy, Joseph. Cardinal Jean Margéot, évêque de Port-Louis de 1969 ` 1993 : livre-souvenir publié à l'occasion de la messe d'action de grâce célébrée au Monument Marie, Reine de la Paix, le dimanche 16 mai 1993. Port Louis : Diocèse de Port-Louis, 1993; Margéot, Jean ; Le Gall, Robert. Le voyage intérieur : Dialogues sur la prière et la méditation. Paris : Presses de la renaissance, 2007; Tong, Franéçoise Yaw Kan ; Conchiano Mootoosamy. Cardinal Jean Margéot, premier Mauricien évêque et cardinal. Préface pour Cardinal Bernardin Gantin. Rose-Hill, Mauritius : Ile aux Trésors, 2006.

Links. Photographs, audios and biography, in French (site created to celebrate his 90th birthday on February 3, 2006); photograph and biography, in French; and the diocese of Port-Louis.


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MARTIN, Jacques
(1908-1992)

Birth. August 26, 1908, Amiens, France. His baptismal name was Jacques-Paul.

Education. University of Strassbourg, Strassbourg (licentiate in letters); French Seminary, Rome; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1929-1936 (doctorate in theology; thesis: "Le Louis XIV de Charteaux, Dom Innocent Le Masson"); Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome, 1936-1938; Pontifical Lateran University, Rome (doctorate in canon law).

Priesthood. Ordained, October 14, 1934. Further studies, Rome, 1934-1938. Joined the Vatican Secretariat of State, 1938. Member of the papal delegation to the 34th International Eucharistic Congress, Budapest, Hungary, May 12, 1938. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, June 2, 1941. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, June 20, 1951. Special envoy to the celebration of the Silver Jubilee of coronation of Haile Selassie I, emperor of Ethiopia, 1954. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica and protonotary apostolic supernumerary, December 10, 1958. Accompanied Pope Paul VI in his pilgrimage to the Holy Land, January 1964.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Neapoli di Palestina, January 5, 1964. Consecrated, February 11, 1964, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Paolo Marella, archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica and prefect of the S.C. for St. Peter's basilica, assisted by Angelo Dell'Acqua, titular archbishop of Calcedonia, substitute of the Secretariat of State and secretary of the Cipher, and by Paul-Pierre Philippe, O.P., titular archbishop of Eraclea, secretary of the S.C. of Religious. Appointed prefect of the Papal Household, April 9, 1969. Promoted to archbishop and and appointed prefect emeritus, December 18, 1986.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re, June 28, 1988. Lost the right to participate in conclave when turned eighty years of age, August 26, 1988.

Death. September 27, 1992, in the early hours of the morning, after suffering a severe heart attack, in his residence in Vatican City. Pope John Paul II presided over the exequies celebrated in the patriarchal Vatican basilica, on the following Thursday October 1; the cardinals present in Rome concelebrated with the pope, who also pronounced the homily. Buried in the chapel of the canons of St. Peter's basilica, Campo Verano cemetery, Rome. His body was transferred to "Reconciliazione" chapel, basilica of Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re, Rome, on December 2, 1997.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 405-406; Martin, Jacques. Oltre il portone di bronzo. (Appunti di un cardinale vissuto a fianco di 6 Papi). Milan: Edizioni Paoline, 1996.


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MARTÍNEZ SOMALO, Eduardo
(1927-

Birth. March 31, 1927, Baños de Río Tobía, diocese of Calahorra y La Calzada, Spain. He had five brothers and four sisters.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Logroño; at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained licenciatures in theology and in canon law; at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome (diplomacy); and at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in canon law, with the thesis entitled Il Concordato spagnolo del 1953 alla luce dei suoi due primi articoli.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 19, 1950, Rome, by Luigi Traglia, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, vice-gerent of Rome. Pastoral ministry; diocesan curia of Calahorra; faculty member, Institute Marco Fabio Quintiliano; further studies, in Rome. Joined Vatican Secretariat of State, August 1, 1956. Secretary of the nunciature and faculty member of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, 1957-1970. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, April 14, 1960; June 21, 1963; responsible of the Spanish section of the Secretariat of State; accompanied Pope Paul VI to the XXXI International Eucharistic Congress, Bogotá, Colombia, August 22 to 25, 1968. Counselor at the apostolic delegation in Great Britain, 1970. Assessor of the Secretariat of State, 1970-1975; pastoral ministry in Roman hospitals. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, May 14, 1970.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tagora and appointed nuncio in Colombia, November 12, 1975. Consecrated, December 13, 1975, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Jean Villot, bishop of the title of the suburbicarian see of Frascati, secretary of State, assisted by Giovanni Benelli, titular archbishop of Tusuro, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Francisco Álvarez Martínez, bishop of Tarazona and apostolic administrator, sede plena, of Calahorra y La Calzada-Logroño. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; by papal appointment. Substitute of the Secretariat of State, May 5, 1979.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the deaconry of SS. Nome di Gesù, June 28, 1988. Prefect of the Congregation for the Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, July 1, 1988. Special papal envoy to the 5th National Eucharistic Congress, Guayaquil, Ecuador, November 13 to 20, 1988. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Papal legate to the closing ceremony of Ignatian Year, Gesù church, Rome, July 31, 1991. Special papal envoy to the First National Eucharistic Congress, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, November 24, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; one of its three presidents delegate. Prefect of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life, January 21, 1992. Special papal envoy to the 9th International Mariological Congress and the 18th International Marian Congress, Huelva, Spain, September 18 to 27, 1992. Attended the 4th General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, April 5, 1993. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; the IX Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; one of its three presidents delegate; member of its general secretariat, 1994-1998. Cardinal protodeacon, January 29, 1996 to January 9, 1999. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997; the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998; the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title, January 9, 1999. Attended the II Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999; the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Resigned the prefecture upon reaching the age limit, February 11, 2004. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age on March 31, 2007. The pope accepted his resignation from the post of camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church on April 4, 2007.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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MARTINI, S.J., Carlo Maria
(1927-2012)

Birth. February 15, 1927, Turin, Italy. Second child of Leonardo Martini, an engineer, and Olga Maggia. He was baptized on February 22, 1927 at Immacolata Concezione parish, Turin.

Education. Studied at the Jesuit "Istituto Sociale", Turin; then, he joined the Society of Jesus on September 25, 1944; studied at the Jesuit Novitiate, Cuneo; at the Faculty of Philosophy Aloisianum, Gallarate, Milan; at the Theological Faculty, Chieri, Turin; at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in fundamental theology in 1959, with the thesis: "Il problema storico della Risurrezione negli studi recenti"; later, at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in Sacred Scriptures in 1966, with research on a group of codici of the Gospel of St. Luke; and the thesis "Il problema della recensionalità del Codice B alla luce del Papiro Bodmer XIV".

Priesthood. Ordained, July 13, 1952, Chieri, Turin, by Cardinal Maurilio Fossati, archbishop of Turin. Further studies, Rome, 1954-1958. Faculty member, Theological Faculty, Chieri; took final vows as a Jesuit on February 2, 1962. Further studies, Rome, 1962-1964. Pastoral ministry in Rome: ministry among incarcerated youngsters at Casal del Marmo, Nisidia, and Poggioreale; collaborated with the Community of Sant'Egidio. Faculty member, dean, and on September 29, 1969, rector of the Pontifical Biblical Institute. Rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, July 18, 1978 until his election to the episcopate. Only Catholic member of the Ecumenical Committee for the preparation of the Greek edition of the New Testament. Director of the 1978 Lent spiritual exercises in the Vatican by invitation of Pope Paul VI.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Milan, December 29, 1979. Consecrated, January 6, 1980, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagora, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Ferdinando Maggioni, titular bishop of Subaugusta, auxiliary of Milan he took possession of the see on February 10, 1980. In the same ceremony was consecrated Christian Wiyghan Tumi, bishop of Yagoua, Cameroun, future cardinal. His episcopal moto was Pro veritate + adversa diligere. Member of the general secretariat of the Synod of Bishops, by papal appointment, 1980-1983.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 2, 1983; received the red biretta and the title of S. Cecilia, February 2, 1983. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; relator; member of its general secretariat, 1983-1986; membership extended until 1987 in the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. President of the Council of the European Catholic Episcopal Conferences from Easter 1987 until 1993. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; member of its general secretariat, 1987-1990. Received a doctorate honoris causa from the Pontifical Salesian University, Rome, January 17, 1989. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the first centennial of the evangelization of Zambia, August 29 to September 2, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; member of its general secretariat, 1994-1998. On November 4, 1993 he convoked the 47th diocesan synod of Milan, which lasted until February 1, 1995. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Awarded the prize "Príncipe de Asturias" in the Social Sciences, Oviedo, Spain, October 27, 2000. Named by the pope honorary member of the Pontifical Academy of Science, November 23, 2000. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the Ninth centennial of the death of St. Bruno, founder of the Carthusians, October 6, 2001, Serra San Bruno, Italy. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, July 11, 2002. He returned to his biblical studies in Jerusalem. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. On June 11, 2006, he received an honorary doctorate of philosophy from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on February 15, 2007. In 2008, for health reasons, he had to leave Jerusalem and return to Italy. As a new residence the cardinal chose the Aloisianum of Gallarate, in the province of Varese. In June 2012, on the occasion of the Eighth World Encounter of Families, celebrated in Milan, he had a brief colloquy with Pope Benedict XVI.

Death. August 31, 2012, in his sleep at 3.45 p.m., from Parkinson's disease, at the Aloisianum in Gallarate. The neurologist Gianni Pezzoli, who for years had treated the cardinal, said that after the last crisis, which began in mid-August , the cardinal was no longer able to swallow solid foods or liquids, but remained lucid to the end and refused any form of aggressive treatment. A mass was held at the church of the Aloisianum on August 31 at 8:30 pm. The cardinal celebrated his last mass on August 30 in morning. He requested that on his tomb be inscribed the words of Psalm 118: ''Lampada ai miei passi la tua Parola, luce al mio cammino''. Upon learning the news of the death of Cardinal Martini, Pope Benedict XVI sent a telegram of condolence to Cardinal Angelo Scola, archbishop of Milan (1). The body of the cardinal lay in state from Saturday September 1 at noon in the metropolitan cathedral of Milan. The cathedral remained open the whole day and night for members of the public to pay their respect. The Comune of Milan held a minute of silence at 4 p.m. on Monday, September 3, as the funeral mass was set to start. The funeral mass, presided over by Cardinal Scola, who also delivered the homily, took place in that cathedral on Monday September 3 at 4 p.m. Cardinal Angelo Comastri, archpriest of the papal Vatican basilica and vicar of the pope for Vatican City, represented Pope Benedict XVI at the funeral and delivered a message from the pope. Cardinal Dionigi Tettamanzi, archbishop emeritus of Milan, delivered his remembrance at the end of the mass. Concelebrating with Cardinal Scola were Cardinals Comastri, Tettamanzi, Angelo Bagnasco, archbishop of Genoa and president of the Italian Episcopal Conference; Silvano Piovanelli, archbishop emeritus of Florence; Paolo Romeo, archbishop of Palermo; and Gianfranco Ravasi, president of the Pontifical Council for Culture and of the Pontifical Commissions for the Patrimony of the Church and of Sacred Archeology. Tens of bishops and dozens of priests also concelebrated. Present were the sister of Cardinal Martini, Maris, his niece, Giulia, and his nephew, Giovanni. In attendance were Father Adolfo Nicolás, S.J., superior general of the Society of Jesus, and representatives of other Christian denominations, and of the Jewish and Muslim communities. The Italian government was represented by Prime Minister Mario Monti and his wife. Also present were the mayor of Milan; several ministers of the government friends of the late cardinal; as well as former Prime Minister Romano Prodi. Mario Enrico Delpini, titular bishop of Stefaniaco, auxiliary and vicar general of Milan, thanked, in the name of Cardinal Scola and the cathedral chapter, all those who had attended the wake and the funeral of Cardinal Martini as well as those who had assisted him during his illness. At the end of the mass, Cardinal Scola went to the square of the cathedral to greet and thank the thousands of people who had not been able to enter the cathedral. In a private ceremony, following the Ambrosian rite, the body of the late cardinal was buried in an empty tomb on the left side of the cathedral, facing the main altar at the foot of the altar of the Cross of San Carlo Borromeo (2). The funeral liturgy was broadcast live nationwide. Present at the interment were Cardinal Scola, bishops, relatives of the late cardinal and the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Milan. A park was named in his honor in Vimercate, Brianza, Milan. In his memory, the archdiocese of Milan established The Carlo Maria Martini International Award in 2013.

Bibliography. Cazzani, Eugenio. Vescovi e arcivescovi di Milano. Nuova ed./ a cura di Angelo Majo, 2. ed. Milano : Massimo : NED, 1996. Note: Originally published 1955, now enlarged and updated, p. 299-301; Garzonio, Marco. Cardinale a Milano in un mondo che cambia : nella testimonianza di Carlo Maria Martini. Milano : Rizzoli, 1985; Garzonio, Marco. Il Cardinale : Il valore per la chiesa e per il mondo dell'episcopato di Carlo Maria Martini. Milan : Mondadori, 2002. (Uomini e religioni.; Saggi;); Garzonio, Marco. Carlo Maria Martini. Torino : Edizioni San Paolo, 1993. (Primo piano); Impalà, Enrico. Il bosco e il mendicante. Vita del cardinal Martini. Cinisello Balsamo : Edizioni San Paolo, 2013. (Tempi e figure); Majo, Angelo. Storia della chiesa ambrosiana. 5 vols. 2nd ed. Milano : NED, 1983-1986, V, 161, 163, 164, 166, 168-173 and 175n; Martini, Carlo Maria. Colti da stupore. Incontri con GesùMilano : Mondadori, 2012; Martini, Carlo Maria ; Sporschill, Georg. Conversazioni notturne a Gerusalemme : sul rischio della fede. Milano : Mondadori, 2008. (Saggi / [Mondadori]); Modena, Damiano. Carlo Maria Martini. Custode del mistero nel cuore della storia. Rome : Paoline, 2005. (Saggistica); Tornielli, Andrea. Carlo Maria Martini. Il profeta del dialogo. Milano : Piemme, 2012; Valentini, Giovanni. Un certo Carlo Maria Martini. Milano : Sperling & Kupfer, 1984. (Un Certo ; 3);.

Links. Photograph, arms, documents and bibliography, in Italian, archdiocese of Milan; photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; Serie cronologica dei vescovi di Milano (III-XXI secolo), in Italian, archdiocese of Milan; Martini: «Io vescovo, dai libri alla gente», Intervista, Chiesa, Avvenire, 6 febbraio 2000; Arcivescovo emerito di Milano cardinale Carlo Maria Martini, You Tube, Apr 3, 2008; Martini: così vedo inferno e paradiso, Chiesa, Avvenire, 13 febbraio 2009; S.E. Cardinale Carlo Maria Martini parla di "Solo Libera l'Anima", You Tube, Nov 26, 2010.There are those who work for a more right society by Andrea Tornielli, Vatican Insider, 12/23/2011; Carlo Maria Martini publishes his new work, "The Bishop" by Luca Rolandi, Vatican Insider, 02/23/2012; A special meeting between the theologian Pope and Cardinal Martini, Biblicist and pastor by Giacomo Galeazzi, Vatican Insider, 06/ 2/2012; Health worsens for Carlo Maria Martini, former Archbishop of Milan, Rome Reports, 2012-08-31 15:45:16; La scheda: il cardinale Carlo Maria Martini, Quotidiano.net, 30 agosto 2012; Card.Martini: p. Lombardi, grande evangelizzatore del nostro tempo, Agenzia Stampa Quotidiana Nazionale (ASCA), 31 Agosto 2012 - 16:43; Carlo Maria Martini: una vita per la Chiesa, IncrociNews, Settimanale della Diocesi Ambrosiana, 31.08.2012; Uomo del dialogo e della Parola di Dio by Antonio Airò, IncrociNews, Settimanale della Diocesi Ambrosiana, 31.08.2012; Il sogno di Gerusalemme, IncrociNews, Settimanale della Diocesi Ambrosiana, 31.08.2012; È deceduto il cardinale Martini, il cordoglio della Diocesi ambrosiana by Giuseppe Grampa, IncrociNews, Settimanale della Diocesi Ambrosiana, 31.08.2012; È morto il cardinale Carlo Maria Martini. Camera ardente in Duomo, lunedì i funerali, Corriere della Sera, 30 agosto 2012 (modifica il 31 agosto 2012); Milano, morto il cardinale Carlo Maria Martini. Napolitano: "È una grave perdita per l'Italia", Quotidiano.net, 31 agosto 2012; Il cardinal Martini racconta un aneddoto, video, Quotidiano.net, 31-08-2012; Fallece a los 85 aqos el cardenal jesuíta Carlo María Martini, arzobispo emérito de Milán, Revista Ecclesia, 31 agosto, 2012; Cardinal Carlo Maria Martini passes away at age of 85, Rome Reports, 2012-08-31 18:59:20 'Ha servido generosamente al Evangelio y a la Iglesia'. Telegrama de pésame de Benedicto XVI por la muerte del cardenal Martini, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 31-08-2012; El cardenal Carlo Maria Martini murió esta tarde. Oración del papa y del cardenal Scola, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 31-08-2012; Martini's death: The last lesson to the Church and to the world by Giacomo Galeazzi, Vatican Insider, 08/31/2012; Cardinal Martini's open and deeply felt Christianity that encouraged dialogue by Andrea Tornielli, Vatican Insider, 08/31/2012; Catholic world mourns renowned biblical scholar Cardinal Martini by Cindy Wooden, CatholicHerald.co.uk, Friday, 31 August 2012; Renommierter Theologe und beinahe Papst. Zum Tod des Mailänder Alt-Erzbischofs Martini, domradio.de, 31.8.2012; Martini, leading liberal voice, dies, The Tablet, 31 August 2012; Cardinal Carlo Martini: «Une Eglise dont le regard est orienté vers un horizon lointain», la-Croix.com, 31/8/12 - 17 H 51La voix du cardinal Martini s'est éteinte by Frédéric Mounier, la-Croix.com, 31/8/12 - 18 H 21; Benedict XVI:Telegram on the death of Cardinal Martini, Vatican Radio, 2012-08-31; Cardinal Carlo Martini, Papal Contender, Dies at 85 by Gaia Pianigiani, The New York Times, August 31, 2012; Milan gathers around Cardinal Martini, Vatican Insider, 09/1/2012; Martini: vita e morte a Gerusalemme by Enrico Impalà, Cultura, Avvenire, 11 luglio 2013; Martini Pope. The Dream Come True by Sandro Magister, Chiesa, October 15, 2013; Martini e Bergoglio. Ecco dove non concordano, Settimo Cielo, 16 ottubro 2013; «Martini non era contrario a Wojtyla santo» by Domenico Agasso jr, Vatican Insider, 22/04/2014.

(1) This is the text of the telegram published by the Press Office of the Holy See:

Signor Cardinale Angelo Scola
Arcivescovo di Milano
Piazza Fontana, 2 20122 Milano

Appresa con tristezza la notizia della morte del Cardinale Carlo Maria Martini dopo lunga infermità, vissuta con animo sereno e con fiducioso abbandono alla volontà del Signore, desidero esprimere a Lei ed all'intera comunit` diocesana come pure ai familiari del compianto Porporato la mia profonda partecipazione al loro dolore pensando con affetto a questo caro Fratello che ha servito generosamente il Vangelo e la Chiesa. Ricordo con gratitudine la sua intensa opera apostolica profusa quale zelante religioso figlio spirituale di sant'Ignazio, esperto docente, autorevole biblista e apprezzato Rettore della Pontificia Università Gregoriana e del Pontificio Istituto Biblico, e quindi come solerte e saggio Arcivescovo di codesta Arcidiocesi ambrosiana. Penso altresl al competente e fervido servizio da lui reso alla Parola di Dio, aprendo sempre più alla comunità ecclesiale i tesori della Sacra Scrittura, specialmente attraverso la promozione della Lectio divina. Elevo fervide preghiere al Signore affinché, per intercessione della Beata Vergine Maria, accolga questo suo fedele servitore e insigne pastore nella celeste Gerusalemme, e di cuore imparto a quanti ne piangono la scomparsa la confortatrice Benedizione Apostolica

BENEDICTUS PP. XVI

Analogous telegram was sent by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State.
(2) This is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

CARLO MARIA MARTINI
1927 - 2012
CARDINALE
ARCIVESCOVO DI MILANO
1980 - 2002
"LAMPADA PER I MIEI PASSI
E' LA TUA PAROLA,
LUCE SUL MIO CAMMINO"
SALMO, 119,105


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MARTINO, Renato Raffaele
(1932-

Birth. November 23, 1932, Salerno, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (philosophy and theology); at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome (civil and canon law); at the Pontifical Institute at the Lateran University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in canon law; at the Studio of the Sacred Roman Rota (postgraduate studies); and at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome (diplomacy). Besides his native Italian, he speaks English, French, Spanish and Portuguese.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 27, 1957, Salerno, by Demetrio Moscato, archbishop of Salerno. Entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See, July 1, 1962. Attaché in the nunciature in Nicaragua. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, title later changed to chaplain of His Holiness, July 8, 1963. Secretary in the nunciature in the Philippines. Secretary, and later auditor, in the nunciature in Lebanon. In the secretariat of State, auditor of nunciature, second class, 1970-1975. Counselor in the nunciature in Brazil from 1975 until 1980.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Segerme and appointed pro-nuncio in Thailand and apostolic delegate in Laos, Malaysia and Singapore, September 14, 1980. Consecrated, December 14, 1980, basilica of Ss. XII Apostoli, Rome, by Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, secretary of State, assisted by Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, archbishop emeritus of Bangalore, secretary of the S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples, and by Gaetano Pollio, archbishop of Salerno and bishop of Campagna. His episcopal motto is Virtus ex alto. Permanent observer of the Holy See before the United Nations Organization in New York. President of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax, October 1, 2002.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Francesco di Paola ai Monti, October 21, 2003. Member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples; of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See; and of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Reappointed as president of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax, April 21, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Named president of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants, post united to his other presidency, March 11, 2006. Special papal envoy to the celebrations that took place in Ariano Irpino, Italy, on May 20, 2006, for the 17th centennial of the martyrdom of S. Liberatore. Special papal envoy to the celebrations that took place in Singapore from June 21 to 23, 2006 for the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations with the Holy See. Received the prize "Pilgrim of Peace" of the International Center of Assisi for Peace among Peoples, in the church of the Immaculate Conception, Salerno, November 23, 2006. Received the special prize "Life" of the Aging society - Osservatorio della terza età, on January 12, 2007, in the Italian Chamber of Deputies, Rome. Special papal envoy to the solemn celebrations of the 5th centennial of the death of St. Francis of Paola that took place in Paola, Italy, from May 1 to 4, 2007. Participated in the 5th General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". On February 28, 2009, Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation for reason of age from the presidency of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of Migrants and Itinerants; the pope named as new president Antonio Maria Vegliò, titular archbishop of Eclano, until then secretary of the Congregations for the Oriental Churches. Special papal envoy to the conclusive ceremonies of the Pauline Year observed on June 29, 2009, in Cyprus. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". Resigned the post of president of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax for reasons of age, October 24, 2009. On July 2, 2011, he was named special papal envoy to the celebration of the millennium of the Abbey of Santissima Trinità, in Cava, Italy, programmed for September 4, 2011. On October 8, 2011, he was named special papal envoy to the celebration of the centenary of the cathedral of Yangon, Myanmar, programmed for December 8, 2011. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on November 23, 2012. Became protodeacon of the Holy Roman Church on June 12, 2014.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardenal Renato Martino es el nuevo Protodiácono, encargado de anunciar al Papa, ACI, 13 Jun. 14 / 12:45 pm.


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MAYER, O.S.B., Paul Augustin
(1911-2010)

Birth. May 23, 1911, Altötting, diocese of Passau, Germany. He was one of three children of Royal Bavarian General Ludwig Mayer and his wife, Meta Hoeness from Ulm. His uncle, Eugen Bolz, was a politician of the Center Party and resistance fighter of the Nazi Party, who was beheaded by the latter in 1945.

Education. Joined the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at the abbey of Saint Michael, Metten, near Deggendorf, Bavaria, Germany; took the name of Augustin; professed the first monastic vows in that abbey on May 17, 1931. Studied at the University of Salzburg, Salzburg; Pontifical Roman Athenaeum of San Anselmo, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 25, 1935. Further studies, 1935-1937, Salzburg and Rome. Faculty member, abbey of Saint Michael, Metten, 1937-1939. Faculty member, Pontifical Roman Athenaeum of Sant'Anselmo, Rome, 1939-1966; rector, 1949-1966. Pastoral ministry in Rome, 1939-1966. Apostolic visitor to Swiss seminaries, 1957-1959. Secretary of the Preparatory Commission of the Second Vatican Council, 1960-1962; secretary of the conciliar and postconciliar commissions for Catholic schools and priestly formation. Ecclesiastical delegate of the Foscolari Movement, 1965. Elected abbot of St. Michael's Abbey, Metten, Bavaria, Germany, November 3, 1966. Received the abbatial blessing from Rudolf Graber, bishop of Regensburg, in Metten, on December 10, 1966. Secretary of the S.C. for Religious and Secular Institutes, September 8, 1971.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Satriano, January 6, 1972. Consecrated, February 13, 1972, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope Paul VI, assisted by Cardinal Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, archbishop of Utrecht, and by Cardinal William Conway, archbishop of Armagh. In the same ceremony was consecrated Giuseppe Casoria, titular archbishop of Vescovio, secretary of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments, future cardinal. His episcopal motto was Congregavit nos in unum Christi amore. Named pro-prefect of the Congregation for the Sacraments and Congregation for Divine Worship, April 8, 1984.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Anselmo all'Aventino, May 25, 1985. Prefect of the Congregation for the Sacraments and of the Congregation for Divine Worship, May 27, 1985. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. The congregations were united in one, named Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of Sacraments, June 28, 1988. Resigned the prefecture, July 1, 1988. President of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, July 2, 1988. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, May 23, 1991. Resigned the presidency, July 1, 1991. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title, January 29, 1996.

Death. April 30, 2010, in the morning, in his residence in via Rusticucci 13, Rome. The cardinal had been getting weak over the last two weeks, but even the day before his death he celebrated Holy Mass. In the last 24 hours he declined rapidly and died very peacefully in his bed at home assisted by the Sisters who took care of his household. He laid in in the chapel of his residence until the celebration of the funeral. Upon learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to Dom Notker Wolf, abbot primate of the Benedictine Confederation. The abbot of Metten gave a short overview about the last rites in the apartment of the late cardinal; in the presence of the papal ceremonieri and the papal protonotaries, before the open coffin, was recited the "Pater Noster" and the "Ave Maria". Then the vitae of Cardinal Mayer was read. All present participants signed a "bulle", which was placed inside the coffin. Then the coffin was closed and sealed. After this it was brought in a procession into the papal basilica of St. Peter. Via Rusticucci 13, where the cardinal resided, is at the end of Via della Conciliazione and at the beginning of St. Peter's Square. The funeral took place on Monday May 3, 2010, at 11.30 a.m., in the Altar of the Chair of the papal Vatican basilica. The mass was celebrated by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the College of Cardinals, with the other cardinals present. After the mass, the pope addressed those in attendance and presided over the rite of the Ultima Commendatio and the Valedictio. The coffin with his remains arrived in the abbey of Saint Michael, Metten, where he professed as a Benedictine, on May 6, 2010. Until May 12 the cardinal laid in the cloister of the abbey. The funeral took place in the church of the abbey. The main celebrant was Cardinal Friedrich Wetter, archbishop emeritus of München und Freising. Concelebrants were Archbishop Jean-Claude Perrisset, apostolic nuncio in Germany; Gerhard Müller, bishop of Regensburg; Gregor Maria Hanke, O.S.B., bishop of Eichstätt; and Wilhelm Schraml, bishop of Passau. Also nineteen abbots and four abbesses of the Benedictine Federation took part. After the pontifical requiem the body of the late cardinal was buried in front of the Altar of Mary in the abbey church. At the time of his death, he was the oldest living cardinal. He was commemorated by a special four sheet and one mint stamp along with Pope Benedict XVI by the Philatelic Office of the Republic of Guinea Bissau in 2010.

Links. His photograph and biographical entry, in English; photos of his funeral and burial in the Abbey of Saint Michael, Metten; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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MEDEIROS, Humberto Sousa
(1915-1983)

Birth. October 6, 1915, Arrifes, island of São Miguel, diocese of Angra, Azores Islands, Portugal. Son of Antonio Medeiros and Maria de Jesus Sousa Massa Flor. He was baptized in the parish of Nossa Senhora da Saúde, Arrifes on November 1, 1915. He emigrated to Massachusetts with his family in 1931 at age 15, and took a job sweeping floors in a local textile mill for $6.20 a day, studying English in his spare time. After graduating from high school in Fall River, Humberto decided to enter the priesthood.

Education. Primary education under Professor Maria Aura de Sousa Calouro, Escola do Jardim or Escola de D. Leonor Afonso; high school, Fall River; The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. (doctorate in theology; dissertation: The De mysteriis and De sacramentis of St. Ambrose, 1952); Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 15, 1946, Fall River, by James Edwin Cassidy, bishop of Fall River. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Fall River, and further studies, 1946-1952. Chancellor of the diocese of Fall River and vicar for religious, 1952-1966.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Brownsville, April 14, 1966. Consecrated, June 9, 1966, cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption, Fall River, by James Louis Connolly, bishop of Fall River, assisted by James Joseph Gerrard, titular bishop of Forma, auxiliary of Fall River, and by Gerald Vincent McDevitt, titular bishop of Tigias, auxiliary of Philadelphia. His episcopal motto was Adveniat regnum tuum. He often traveled with migrant farm workers and joined their battle for better wages. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Boston, September 8, 1970. He was the first non-Irish bishop of Boston in 124 years. He aligned himself with Boston's poor and assailed suburban Catholics for their failure to aid the inner city. He was a critic of the Viet Nam War.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 5, 1973; received red biretta and title of S. Susanna, March 5, 1973. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the 60th anniversary of apparition of Our Lady, Fátima, Portugal, May 13, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II.

Death. September 17, 1983, of coronary arrest at St. Elizabeth's Hospital at 7.46 am., after undergoing an emergency open heart surgery. The funeral mass, presided by Archbishop Pio Laghi, nuncio to the United States of America, was celebrated at the Holy Cross cathedral of Boston, where lying in state also took place. Buried in his parents' plot, section 16, in Saint Patricks Cemetery, Fall River, Bristol County, Massachusetts (1). A monument in his honor was erected at his native hometown of Arrifes. The Cardinal Medeiros Trust fund was created in 1981 by the Texas Knights of Columbus State Council Charities, in his honor, to provide educational grants to families of Knights. Besides, Boston College named the freshman honors dormitory "Medeiros" in his honor. Known as a "servant of the poor", the Cardinal Medeiros Residence for the Retired in Fall River, Massachusetts, was named after him.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1970-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 149; Code, Bernard. American Bishops 1964-1970. St. Louis : Wexford Press, 1970, p. 11; Medeiros, Humberto Sousa. Thy kingdom come: Pastoral reflections on Christmas and Easter seasons. Boston : St. Paul Editions, 1980.

Link. Photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; and his tomb by T.S. Custadio, Find a Grave.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on their tombstone, taken from Find a Grave, linked above:

ANTONIO S. MEDEIROS
1887 - 1950
MARIA HIS WIFE
1894 - 1963
AND THEIR SON
HIS EMINENCE
HUMBERTO CARDINAL MEDEIROS
ARCHBISHOP OF BOSTON
OCT. 6, 1915 - SPET. 17, 1983


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MEDINA ESTÉVEZ, Jorge Arturo
(1926-

Birth. December 23, 1926, Santiago, Chile. His baptismal name is Jorge Arturo Agustín.

Education. Major Seminary of Santiago, Santiago; Pontifical Catholic University, Santiago (licentiate in letters and in biology; doctorates in theology and canon law).

Priesthood. Ordained, June 12, 1954, Santiago, by Pio Alberto Fariña Fariña, titular bishop of Citarizo, auxiliary and vicar general of Santiago. Faculty member of the Major Seminary of Santiago and of the Theological Faculty of Santiago. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965; as an expert. Judge of the metropolitan tribunal of the archdiocese of Santiago; pro-grand chancellor of the Catholic University of Santiago; and canon penitentiary of the metropolitan cathedral. Consultant to several Vatican dicasteries.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tibili and appointed auxiliary of Rancagua, December 18, 1984. Consecrated, January 6, 1985, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagora, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, archbishop emeritus of Bangalore, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto is Oportet illum crescere. Transferred to the see of Rancagua, November 25, 1987. Transferred to the see of Valparaíso, April 16, 1993. Pro-prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, June 21, 1996. Resigned the pastoral government of the diocese, June 21, 1996. Promoted to archbishop, September 19, 1996. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 1998; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Saba, February 21, 1998. Prefect, February 23, 1998. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998; the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998; the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Special papal envoy to the National Eucharistic Congress of México, México City, May 5-7, 2000. Special papal envoy to the 20th International Mariological-Marian Congress, Rome, September 15 to 24, 2000; to the opening celebrations of the Plenary Council of Venezuela, Caracas, November 26, 2000. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Resigned the prefecture, October 1, 2002. Cardinal protodeacon, February 24, 2005. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. As cardinal protodeacon, announced to the world the election of the new Pope Benedict XVI on April 19, 2005; and bestowed on him the Petrine pallium in the ceremony of the beginning of his pontificate, April 24, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; by papal appointment. Special papal envoy to the closing of the Plenary Council of Venezuela that took place with the celebration of a mass officiated by the cardinal at "Parque Naciones Unidas", El Paraíso, Caracas, on October 7, 2006. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, December 23, 2006. Ceased as cardinal protodeacon, February 23, 2007. Participated in the 5th General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title, March 1, 2008. He resides in Santiago, Chile.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Spanish, archdiocese of Santiago de Chile; his arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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MEISNER, Joachim
(1933-

Birth. December 25, 1933, in Breslau-Lissa, archdiocese of Breslau, Germany (1). He was the second of the four sons of Walter Meisner and his wife Hedwig. The father was killed in 1945 in the Second World War. The mother moved with her four sons to Körner, a small village in Thuringia, then German Democratic Republic, and worked in a canning shop in Mühlhausen.

Education. After finishing his school education in 1948, he did an apprenticeship as a bank clerk. From 1951, he studied at the Norbertinum in Magdeburg to obtain the Abitur. From 1956 until 1959 he studied theology and philosophy at the Theological Faculty in Erfurt. He obtained a doctorate in theology at the Pontificial Gregorian University in Rome in 1969 (thesis: Nachreformatorische katholische Frömmigkeit in Erfurt). Received the diaconate in the church St. Marien in Neuzelle on April 8, 1962 from Ferdinand Piontek, titular bishop of Barca and apostolic administrator of Görlitz.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 22, 1962, cathedral of Sankt Marien, Erfurt, by Josef Freusberg, titular bishop of Adrianopoli di Epiro, auxiliary of Fulda. Incardinated in the apostolic administration of the territory of Erfurt and Meiningen. From 1963 until 1966, he was chaplain at the parish of Sankt Aegidien in Heiligenstadt; and in 1966 at the parish Heilig-Kreuz in Erfurt. Spiritual counselor and director of Caritas, 1966-1975.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Vina, March 17, 1975, cathedral of Sankt Marien, Erfurt, and appointed auxiliary bishop to the apostolic administrator of the territory of Erfurt und Meiningen. Consecrated, May 17, 1975, by Hugo Aufderbeck, titular bishop of Arca di Fenicia, apostolic administrator of the territory of Erfurt und Meiningen, assisted by Hans-Georg Braun, titular bishop of Puzia di Bizacena, apostolic administrator of Magdeburg, and by Georg Weinhold, titular bishop of Idicra, auxiliary of Dresden-Meissen. His episcopal motto is Spes nostra firma est pro vobis. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Transferred to the see of Berlin, April 22, 1980. Took possession of this see May 17, 1980. Elected president of the Berliner Bischofskonferenz (Conference of the bishops of the German Democratic Republic) September 7, 1982.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 2, 1983; received the red biretta and the title of S. Pudenziana, February 2, 1983. He was ascribed to the Congregations for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments since 1983); for Catholic Education from 1983 until 1993; for the Clergy since 1991 and for Bishops from 1995 until 2013; to the Pontifical Councils for Interreligious Dialogue from 1990 until 2000, for Culture from 1993 until1998, and for Legislative Texts since 2002; the Pontificial Commissions Iustitia et Pax from 1984 until 1988, for Non-Believers from 1983 until 1993; and to the prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See since 1991. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Cologne, December 20, 1988. Took possession of the see on February 12, 1989. Received the pallium from Pope John Paul II on June 29, 1989, at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Senator of honor of the Sophia University of Tokio, Japan, December 9, 1989. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Grand prior of the German Lieutenancy of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem since October 20, 1990. Received an honorary doctorate in theology from the Jesuit University Ateneo in Manila, Philippines, December 5, 1990. Honorary knight of the Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem, commonly known as the Teutonic Order (Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum) since 1990. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991. Received the honorary citizenship of Miguel Pereira, Brazil, on August 28, 1992. Decorated with the Grand Decoration of Honor in Gold (Großes Goldenes Ehrenzeichen) of the Republic of Austria on November 30, 1992. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of Holy See, November 6, 1995. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the sixth centennial of St. John Nepomuceno's birth, Nepomok and Prague, Czech Republic, May 13 to 17, 1993. Attended Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; member of the general secretariat, 1994-1998. Received an honorary doctorate in theology from the Pontificial Theological Faculty of the University of Wrocław, Poland, in 1996; and from the Pontificial University of México in México City, México, on October 24, 1996. Decorated with the Order of the White Lion (Řád Bílého Iva), III Class, of the Czech Republic in 1998. Special papal envoy to the ceremony of consecration of the new parish church of Astana, Kazakhstan, June 27, 1999. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999; president delegate. Received the honorary citizenship of Trzebnica, Poland, August 21, 2001; and of Serra San Bruno, Italy, November 27, 2001. Received an honorary doctorate in sociology from the Institute of Arts and Science of the Leibniz University of Santa Fe, United States of America, in May 2003. Decorated with the Grand Merit Cross with Star and Sash (Großes Verdienstkreuz mit Stern und Schulterband) of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, October 7, 2003. Honorary canon of the cathedral of Saint John Baptist in Wrocław, Poland, October 29, 2003. Decorated with the Jubilee Medal of The Order of Merit pro Merito Melitensi of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta in 2004. Special papal envoy to the solemn celebrations for the 850th anniversary of the arrival in Finland of Saint Henry, bishop, and the 50th anniversary of the erection of the diocese of Helsinki. The celebrations took place in Helsinki on February 27, 2005. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Received an honorary doctorate in theology from the University of Lublin, Poland, May 5, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; by papal appointment. Received the honorary citizenship of Levoča, Slovakia, August 15, 2006. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 4th centennial of the apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Šiluva, Lithuania, which took place on September 13 to 14, 2008. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; by papal appointment. Special papal envoy to the celebrations marking the twelfth centennial of the death of Saint Ludger, first bishop of Münster and "Apostle of the Saxons and Frisons", which took place in Werden an der Ruhr, diocese of Essen, Germany, on September 6, 2009. Decorated with the chapter cross (Distinktorium) of the chapter of the cathedral of Saint Jacob in Olsztyn, Poland, in 2011. Received an honorary doctorate in theology from the Catholic University of Ruzomberok, Slovakia, September 28. 2011. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the eighth centenary of the birth of Saint Agnes of Bohemia, which took place in the cathedral of Prague, Czech Republic, on November 12, 2011. Received the grand decoration in gold of the Order of Saint Martin of the diocese of Eisenstadt, Austria, in 2012. On September 18, 2012, the pope appointed him synodal father of the Thirteenth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 7 to 28, 2012, on the theme "The new evangelization for the transmission of the Christian faith". He is chairman of Renovabis, a charitable organization of the Catholic Church in Germany, established in 1993 to help people in Eastern and Central Europe. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. In 2013 he established the Cardinal Meisner Foundation for East- and South-Europe to assist priests and provide for the pastoral care in those countries. On August 17, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 750th anniversary of the placing of the first stone of the Duomo of Xanten, Germany, which took place on October 13, 2013. He lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on December 25, 2013. Decorated with the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit (Zasługi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) of the Republic Poland, February 16, 2014. He has written and published numerous works (2). On February 28, 2014, the pope accepted his resignation from the office of metropolitan archbishop of Cologne for age reasons, in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law.

Bibliography. Helbach, Ulrich. "Mesiner, Joachim." Die Bischöfe der deutschsprachigen Länder, 1945 2001 : ein biographisches Lexikon. Unter Mitwirkung von Franz Xaver Bischof ... [et al.] ; herausgegeben von Erwin Gatz. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 2002, p. 295-297.

Links. Photograph, arms and biographical data, in German, archdiocese of Cologne; photograph and biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; his portrait by Toni May, metropolitan cathedral of Cologne; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Gap left by retiring cardinal Joachim Meisner will be impossible to fill by Guido Horst, Vatican Insider, 23/12/2013; Meisner lobte immenses Lebenswerk by Joachim Röhrig, Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger, 08.12.2013.

(1) The city was assigned to Poland by the Potsdam Conference, 1945, and it now has the Polish name Wroclaw.
(2) They are: Das Auditorium Coelicum am Dom zu Erfurt. Ein Beitrag zur Universitätsgeschichte Erfurts (= Erfurter theologische Schriften, Bd. 6). St. Benno-Verlag, 1962; Nachreformatorische katholische Frömmigkeitsformen in Erfurt (= Erfurter theologische Studien, Bd. 26), 1971; Sein, wie Gott uns gemeint hat! Betrachtungen zu Maria. Bernward-Verlag, 1988; Unsere Hoffnung stärke euch. Styria Pichler, 1989; Wider die Entsinnlichung des Glaubens. Gedanken zur Re-Evangelisierung Europas. 2. Aufl., Styria, 1991; Die heilige Messe. Pattloch-Verlag, 1997; Spuren Gottes auf unseren Wegen. Der Alltag als Begegnungsfeld des Menschen mit Gott. Morus-Verlag, 1998; Von nun an preisen mich selig alle Geschlechter. Butzon & Bercker, 1999; Mit dem Herzen sehen. Chancen und Auftrag der Kirche zu Beginn des dritten Jahrtausends. MM-Verlag, 2000; Froh in der Gnade Gottes. Bachem, 2005; Geborgen in Gott. Tag- und Nachtgebete. 6. Aufl., Adamas-Verlag, 2005; Edith Stein - Teresia Benedicta a Cruce. Jüdische Christin und christliche Jüdin. Butzon & Bercker, 2006; Er war mein Freund. Ein Zeugnis aus der Nähe. Pattloch-Verlag, 2007; Bernhard Lichtenberg. Ich werde meinem Gewissen folgen. Topos plus Verlagsgemeinschaft, 2013.


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MEJÍA, Jorge María
(1923-

Birth. January 31, 1923, Buenos Aires, Argentina. From a very well known family. He was the second of five children. The family already had other religious members: a missionary in Japan; and from his generation two priests and a bishop, Jaime F. Mejía, S.D.B., of Nevares.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Villa Devoto, Buenos Aires; at the Pontifical University of S. Tommaso, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in theology; at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, where he obtained a licentiate in biblical science; at the Biblical School of Jerusalem (advanced courses). Besides his native Spanish, he knows Italian, English, French, German, the Biblical languages, and some Oriental languages.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 22, 1945, with dispensation of age. Pastoral ministry, parish of Santa Rosa de Lima, Buenos Aires. Further studies, Rome. Professor of Sacred Scripture, and also of Biblical Greek, Hebrew and archeology, Theological Faculty, Catholic University of Argentina; professor of Sacred Scripture, "Instituto de Cultura Religiosa Superior" and in the Instituto de Ciencias Sagradas", Marist Brothers. Director of the Catholic journal Criterio, 1956-1977. Further studies, Jerusalem; guest professor in Ecumenical Institute of Higher Theological Studies, Tantur, Israel. Attended Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) as an expert. Director of the Commission on Ecumenism of the archdiocese of Buenos Aires, 1966. Secretary of the Department of Ecumenism of the Latin American Episcopal Council (CELAM), 1967. President of the executive committee of the World Catholic Federation for Biblical Apostolate, 1969-1972. After the military coup of 1976, a death threat made him leave Argentina for the Vatican. Secretary of the Pontifical Commission for the relations with Judaism in the Secretariat for Christian Unity, 1977. Chaplain of His Holiness, September 20, 1978.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Apollonia and appointed vice-president of Pontifical Commission Iustitia et Pax, March 8, 1986. Consecrated, April 12, 1986, church of S. Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, by Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, president of the Pontifical Commission Iustitia et Pax and of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum, assisted by Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagora, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Antonio María Javierre Ortas, S.D.B., titular archbishop of Meta, secretary of the S.C. for Catholic Education. His episcopal motto is Ipse est pax nostra. Attended the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Promoted to archbishop and appointed secretary of the Congregation for Bishops, March 5, 1994. Secretary of the College of Cardinals, March 10, 1994. Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church, March 7, 1998.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Girolamo della Carità, February 21, 2001. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, January 31, 2003. Resigned the post of Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church, November 24, 2003. Opted for the order of cardinal priests in the consistory of February 21, 2011 and at his request his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title.

Bibliography. Mejía, Jorge María. Una presencia en el Concilio.: crónicas y apuntes del Concilio Vaticano II. Buenos Aires : Agape Libros, 2009.

Links. Photograph and biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; his photograph, portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Card. Jorge María Mejía: El método antiguo by Gisela Manoni, Radio Cristiandad, Martes 25 septiembre 2007; Il cardinale Mejia: «Ho servito il Concilio» by Filippo Rizzi, Quelli del Concilio / 3, Avvenire, 9 maggio 2012.


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MEYER, Albert Gregory
(1903-1965)

Birth. March 9, 1903, Milwaukee, United States of America. Son of Peter James Meyer, for many years a foreman at the Chain Belt Company, and Mathilda Thelen, from a family of German immigrants. One of his sisters joined the School Sisters of Notre Dame taking the name of Mary Alberta. He was cousin of Dominic Meyer, O.F.M.Cap., who for many years served as English and German speaking secretary to Father Pio of Pietrelcina, O.F.M.Cap., future saint known as "Padre Pio".

Education. Initial studies at St. Mary's parochial school, Milwaukee, of the School Sisters of Notre Dame; afterward, he attended for a year the Jesuit Marquette Academy (later named Marquette University High School); in 1917 he entered Saint Francis Seminary, Milwaukee; then, he was sent to Rome to reside at the Pontifical North American College, and study at the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide," where he obtained a doctorate in theology. After going to Milwaukee in the summer of 1927, he returned to Rome in that same year to study at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, obtaining a licentiate in in Holy Scriptures in 1927 and the certificate of candidatus ad laurem in 1928; during this stay in Rome, he resided at Collegio Germanico di Santa Maria dell'Anima.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 11, 1926, church of S. Maria sopra Minerva, Rome, by Cardinal Basilio Pompilj, vicar of Rome. Returned to Milwaukee during the summer of 1927 and celebrated his first mass at home in the chapel of the School Sisters of Notre Dame, where he had been an acolyte during elementary school days. Further studies in Rome, 1927-1930. Pastoral ministry in St. Joseph parish, Waukesha, archdiocese of Milwaukee, 1930-1931. Faculty member of Saint Francis Seminary, Milwaukee, 1931-1937; taught religion, Greek, Latin, Christian archeology, dogmatic theology and Sacred Scriptures; its rector, 1937-1946; pastoral ministry among the Italian immigrants as well as chaplain of "Serra Club". Domestic prelate of His Holiness, February 14, 1938.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Superior, February 18, 1946. Consecrated, April 11, 1946, cathedral of Saint John, Milwaukee, by Moses Elias Kiley, archbishop of Milwaukee, assisted by Aloisius Joseph Muench, bishop of Fargo, and by William Patrick O'Connor, bishop of Madison. His episcopal motto was Adveniat regnum tuum. During his episcopate in Superior, he issued his "Programs of Instructions" designed to orient the priests of the diocese toward making the sermon a major part of their mission; he continued the programs in the archdiocese of Milwaukee. During those years, he became a skillful and enthusiastic fisherman. Promoted to metropolitan see of Milwaukee, July 21, 1953; he was installed in St. John's metropolitan cathedral on the following September 24. Transferred to metropolitan see of Chicago, September 19, 1958. His installation took place on November 16 at Holy Name cathedral.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 14, 1959; received the red hat and the title of S. Cecilia, December 17, 1959. Attended the first three sessions of the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1964; member of the board of presidency, 1963-1964. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI.

Death. April 9, 1965 (1), from a heart attack after an operation to remove a malignant brain tumor in Mercy Hospital, Chicago. Buried in the cemetery of Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary, Mundelein, archdiocese of Chicago.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1970-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, pp. 106-107; "Cardinali defunti." Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1966, Città del Vaticano : Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1966, p. 103*; Code, Bernard. Dictionary of the American Hierarchy (1789-1964). New York : Joseph F. Wagner, 1964, p. 202; Shuster, George Nauman. Albert Gregory Cardinal Meyer. Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame Press, 1964. (The Men who make the council, 11).

Link. Photograph and biography, in English, archdiocese of Milwaukee; photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted except "Cardinali defunti." Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1966, p. 103*, which indicates that he died on April 7, 1965.


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MONDUZZI, Dino
(1922-2006)

Birth. April 2, 1922, Brisighella, diocese of Faenza (now Faenza-Modigliana), Italy. Son of Secondo Damiano Monduzzi and Ida Ragazzini.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Faenza (ginnasiale, liceale and theological studies); and at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome (licentiate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law).

Priesthood. Ordained, July 22, 1945, Brisighella, by Giuseppe Battaglia, bishop of Faenza; celebrated his first mass on July 23, 1945 in archpresbyteral church of Brisighella. Further studies, Rome. Collaborator in the Catholic Action social missions in several Italian regions, especially, Calabria and Sardinia. Spiritual assistant to the agrarian reform zones of Fucino, 1954-1959. From May 1959 to 1967, entered the service of the Holy See as adjunct, and later, secretary for the audiences in the Office of the Master of the Papal Chamber. Privy chamberlain supernumerary of His Holiness, March 24, 1961; June 28, 1966; title changed to chaplain of His Holiness, March 28, 1968. From 1967-1986, secretary, and later regent of the Pontifical Household, Vatican City. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, June 6, 1970.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Capri and appointed prefect of the Pontifical Household, December 18, 1986. Consecrated, January 6, 1987, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagora, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by José Tomás Sánchez, archbishop emeritus of Nueva Segovia, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. In the same ceremony was consecrated Gilberto Agustoni, titular archbishop of Caorle, secretary of the Congregation for the Clergy, another future cardinal. His episcopal motto was Patientiam praeficere caritati. As prefect of the Papal Household, he was in charge of, among other things, the pontifical ceremonies, excluding their liturgical aspect, and the private and public audiences of the pope. He participated in the preparation of 130 pastoral pilgrimages of Pope John Paul in Italy and 268 pastoral visits to Roman parishes. He occupied the post until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 1998; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Sebastiano al Palatino, February 21, 1998. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, April 2, 2002. He was a chain smoker, known to rush out of papal audiences to light up a cigarette.

Death. October 13, 2006, at 1 a.m., after a long and painful illness, Vatican City. Exposed in the church of S. Stefano degli Abisini, Vatican City. On Monday October 16, at 5 p.m., in the altar of the Chair of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, took place the exequial liturgy presided by the pope. Cardinals Angelo Sodano, dean of the College of Cardinals, and Roger Etchegaray, sub-dean, were the main concelebrants. On Tuesday October 17, 2006, at 3 p.m., a funeral mass was celebrated in the collegiate church of Brisighella. His remains were buried in the tomb of his family in the cemetery of Brisighella.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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MORANO, Francesco
(1872-1968)

Birth. June 8, 1872, Caïvano, diocese of Aversa, Italy. Son of Antonio Morano and Luisa Stanzione. His elder brother, Canon Giuseppe Morano, founded the Piccola Casa di Carità in Aversa. Following his brother's death in 1951, he took personal care of the residence, paying a visit yearly.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Aversa; at the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome, where he earned doctorates in philosophy, theology and canon and civil law; at the Royal University, Rome, where he obtained doctorates in physics and mathematics; and teaching diplomas in both; and at the "Studio" of the S.C. of the Council, Rome (diploma of lawyer of the Roman Curia).

Priesthood. Ordained, August 10, 1897, Rome. Further studies, 1897-1900. Assistant at the observatory of the Vatican, 1900-1903. Officer of the Supreme S.C. of Holy Office, 1903-1925. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, July 20, 1918. Referendary prelate of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, April 21, 1921; voting prelate, December 28, 1922. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, January 30, 1925. Secretary of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, December 20, 1935.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of December 14, 1959; received the red hat and the deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano, December 17, 1959.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Fallaba, April 5, 1962. Consecrated, April 19, 1962, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Cardinal Giuseppe Pizzardo and by Cardinal Benedetto Aloisi Masella. In the same ceremony were consecrated Cardinals Joaquín Anselmo María Albareda, O.S.B., Antonio Bacci, Augustin Bea, S.J., Francesco Bracci, Michael Browne, O.P., William Theodore Heard, Alberto di Jorio, André Jullien, P.S.S., Arcadio María Larraona, C.M.F., Alfredo Ottaviani and Francesco Roberti. His epsicopal motto was Maior autem charitas. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI.

Death. July 12, 1968, at 4 p.m., of a severe bronchopneumonia, in his apartment in the palace of the Holy Office, in Vatican City. Buried in the chapel of the Piccola Casa di Carità (renamed Casa Famiglia in 2005), in Aversa. At his death, he was the oldest member of the Sacred College of Cardinals. The Istituto Tecnico Industriale Francesco Morano of Caivano, Naples, is named after him.

Bibliography. De Magistris, Luigi. "Card. Francesco Morano" in La Pontificia Università lateranense : profilo della sua storia, dei suoi maestri, e dei suoi discepoli. Roma : Libreria editrice della Pontificia Università lateranense, 1963, p. 455-456.

Link. Photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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MOZZONI, Umberto
(1904-1983)

Birth. June 29, 1904, Buenos Aires, Argentina. His family migrated from Macerata, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Macerata; at the Pontifical Roman Seminary; at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare"; and at the University of Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 14, 1927, Rome. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Macerata and faculty member of its seminary, 1927-1935. Successively, 1935-1954, secretary and auditor of the apostolic delegations in Canada and Great Britain, and in the nunciature in Portugal. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, October 7, 1936; reappointed, March 3, 1939. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, January 2, 1948.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Side and appointed nuncio in Bolivia, November 13, 1954. Consecrated, Sunday December 5, 1954, chapel of the Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome, by Cardinal James Charles McGuigan, archbishop of Toronto, assisted by Antonio Samorè, titular archbishop of Tirnovo, secretary of the S.C. for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, and by Sivio Cassulo, bishop of Macerata e Tolentino. His episcopal motto was Duc in altum. Nuncio in Argentina, September 20, 1958. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Nuncio in Brazil, April 19, 1969.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 5, 1973; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Eugenio, March 5, 1973. President of the Cardinalitial Commission for Shrines of Pompeii and Loreto, June 19, 1974. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Cardinal protodeacon, 1980?-1983. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro illa vice to title, February 2, 1983.

Death. November 7, 1983, collapsed while celebrating mass and later died in a Roman clinic. In the shrine of Loreto, Archbishop Loris Francesco Capovila presided over a funeral mass for the eternal repose of the soul of the cardinal on November 9; and on November 14, in the shrine of Pompeii, Domenico Vacchiano, prelate of Pompeii and papal delegate for that shrine, celebrated a funeral mass In die septima. On the following Thursday November 10 at 5 p.m., Pope John Paul II presided over the exequies, celebrated at the patriarchal Vatican basilica; the cardinals present in Rome concelebrated with the pope, who also delivered the homily; in attendance were delegations from the shrines of Loreto and Pompeii (the late cardinal was president of the cardinalitial commission for those shrines), the diplomatic corps and numerous faithful. The body of the cardinal was taken to Macerata and buried in its cathedral.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana; Lettera di Giovanni Paolo II all'Em.mo Cardinale Umberto Mozzoni per il XXV di episcopato, in Italian, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 19 novembre 1979.


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MUENCH, Aloisius Joseph
(1889-1962)

Birth. February 18, 1889, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States of America. Son of Joseph Muench and Theresa Kraus.

Education. Studied at Saint Francis Seminary, Milwaukee; at the State University of Wisconsin, Madison; at the University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland; at the University of Louvain, Louvain, Belgium; at the University of Oxford, Oxford, England; at the University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England; and at La Sorbonne University, Paris, France.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 8, 1913, Milwaukee, by Sebastian Gebhard Messmer, archbishop of Milwaukee. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Milwaukee, 1913-1919. Further studies, 1919-1922. Faculty member of Saint Francis Seminary, Milwaukee, 1922-1929. Rector of Saint Francis Seminary, Milwaukee, 1929-1935. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, September 21, 1934.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Fargo, August 10, 1935. Consecrated, October 15, 1935, church of the Gesu, Milwaukee, by Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, titular archbishop of Laodicea di Frigia, apostolic delegate in the United States of America, assisted by Christian Herman Winkelmann, titular bishop of Sita, auxiliary of St. Louis, and by William Richard Griffin, titular bishop of Lida, auxiliary of La Crosse. His episcopal motto was In omnibus Christus. Military vicar delegate of the United States of America Armed Forces in Germany and apostolic visitor in Germany, 1946-1949. Regent of the nunciature in Germany, 1949-1951. Given the title of archbishop ad personam, October 28, 1950. Nuncio in Germany, March 9, 1951. Promoted to titular archbishop of Selimbria, December 9, 1959.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 14, 1959; received the red hat and the title of S. Bernardo alle Terme, December 17, 1959. Papal legate to the 19th centennial celebration of Saint Paul's visit to Malta, March 3, 1960. When he fell ill in Rome, he received an unexpected visit from the pope in early 1962; his condition worsened during his last week.

Death. February 15, 1962, of a circulatory cardiac collapse shortly after receiving a special blessing from the pope and the last rites (he had suffered from Parkinson's disease for years), at "Salvator Mundi Hospital" in Rome. He was exposed in the chapel of the Salvatorian Sisters at the hospital. On February 19, 1962, a solemn funeral mass for his repose took place at St. Peter's basilica, celebrated by Cardinal Carlo Confalonieri, secretary of the S.C. Consistorial; and presided by Pope John XXIII, who imparted the final absolution; thirty seven cardinals participated in the mass. The Central Ecumenical Council Committee postponed its opening session so that all the conciliar fathers could attend the funeral. Many members of the diplomatic corps also were present. Later the same day, the cardinal's body began its journey to the United States, accompanied by his secretary Father Raymond Lessard. On February 21, the body of the late cardinal reposed at St. John's cathedral in Milwaukee. Archbishop William E. Cousins of Milwaukee celebrated a pontifical requiem mass. The following morning Bishop Leo F. Dworschak of Fargo led the procession from the funeral home in Fargo to the cathedral and offered pontifical mass for the repose of the late cardinal. At 8 pm., the Office of the Dead was recited by the clergy and then repeated in English by the lay persons who attended. The final funeral mass, celebrated by Cardinal Joseph Ritter, archbishop of Saint Louis, took place on February 23, in St. Mary's cathedral. Archbishop Karl J. Alter of Cincinnati preached the panegyric. Many bishops from Canada and the United States of America were in attendance, as well as leaders of the state and municipality. Fifteen thousand people walked past his bier as he lay in state at Fargo's cathedral. The cardinal was buried at Holy Cross cemetery, in Fargo. His galero is on display, hanging from the ceiling, at St. Mary's cathedral, Fargo.

Bibliography. Barry, Colman. American nuncio : Cardinal Aloisius Muench. Collegeville : St. John's University Press, 1969; Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1790-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 91; Code, Bernard. Dictionary of the American Hierarchy (1789-1964). New York : Joseph F. Wagner, 1964, p. 209; Herbrich, Elisabeth. Alois Kardinal Muench : e. Lebensbild. Königstein im Taunus : Sudetendt. Priesterwerk, 1969 (Schriftenreihe des Sudetendeutschen Priesterwerkes Kvnigstein, Taunus ; Bd. 12; Schriftenreihe des Sudetendeutschen Priesterwerkes Königstein, Taunus; Bd. 12).

Links. Photographs and biography y the Abbess M. Augustina Weihermüller O.S.B., and her Community of St. Walburga's Abbey Eichstätt, Bavaria, Cardinal Muench Seminary; his arms and portrait, Araldica Vaticana.


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MUÑOZ DUQUE, Aníbal
(1908-1987)

Birth. October 3, 1908, Santa Rosa de Osos, Colombia. Son of José María Muñoz and Ana Rosa Duque. He was baptized in the parish church of Santa Rosa de Osos on October 16, 1908.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Santa Rosa de Osos.

Priesthood. Ordained, November 19, 1933, Santa Rosa de Osos. Faculty member and prefect of the Minor Seminary of the Institute of Missions of Yarumal, 1933-1937; rector and vice-superior general of the Institute of Yarumal, 1937-1950. Pro-vicar general of the diocese of Santa Rosa de Osos, 1950-1951.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Socorro y San Gil, April 8, 1951. Consecrated, May 27, 1951, primatial and metropolitan cathedral basilica of Bogotá, by Antonio Samorè, titular archbishop of Tirnovo, nuncio in Colombia, assisted by Miguel Angel Builes, bishop of Santa Rosa de Osos, and by Ángel Ocampo Berrio, S.J., bishop of Tunja. Transferred to the diocese of Bucaramanga, December 18, 1952. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Nueva Pamplona, August 3, 1959. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. President of the Episcopal Conference of Colombia, 1964-1972. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Apostolic administrator sede plena of the archdiocese of Bogotá, April 15, 1967. Transferred to the titular see of Cariana, March 30, 1968. Hosted the visit of Pope Paul VI to Bogotá in August 1968 on the occasion of the 39th International Eucharistic Congress; it was the first papal visit to Latin America. Named coadjutor archbishop of Bogotá, with right of succession, February 2, 1969. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the II Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. Succeeded to the archdiocese of Bogotá, July 29, 1972. Military vicar of Colombia, July 30, 1972.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 5, 1973; received the red biretta and the title of S. Bartolomeo all'Isola, March S. 1973. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the III General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; the First Plenary Meeting of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the V Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Bogotá, June 25, 1984.

Death. January 15, 1987, Bogotá. Buried in the chapel of "El Sagrario", next to the metropolitan cathedral, Bogotá.

Bibliography. Agudelo Giraldo, Guillermo. Los arzobispos de Bogotá que he conocido : medio siglo en la historia eclesiástica colombiana, 1928-1984. Bogotá : s.n., 1987. Notes: "Ensayo sobre los cuatro arzobispos que han dejado huella profunda en la agitada historia contemporánea de Colombia: monseñor Ismael Perdomo, cardenal Crisanto Luque, cardenal Luis Concha, cardenal Aníbal Muñoz Duque." Originally presented by the author on entering the Academia Colombiana de Historia Eclesiástica on Nov. 15, 1986. Cover title: Cuatro arzobispos que han marcado nuestra historia, 1928-1984. "Ediciones Verdad y Vida", volumen 14, nos. 24-25 y 26, diciembre de 1986".

Link. Archbishops of Bogotá, in Spanish.


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MURPHY-O'CONNOR, Cormac
(1932-

Birth. August 24, 1932, Reading, diocese of Portsmouth, England. He was the fifth son of Dr. George Murphy-O'Connor and his wife, Ellen. The other siblings were Brian (a priest of the Portsmouth diocese), Patrick (deceased, also a priest of the same diocese), John (a Regular Officer in the Royal Artillery Regiment, died at 32) and Catherine (died in 2006). His cousin, Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, O.P., was a distinguished biblical scholar (died on November 11, 2013 in Jerusalem). Two of his uncles were also priests; and one aunt was a nun.

Education. Initial education at Presentation College, Reading; secondary education at Prior Park College, Bath; then, in 1950, he started his studies for the priesthood at the Venerable English College, Rome, studying at the Pontifical Gregorian University, where he earned a licentiate in philosophy (PhL) and another one in theology (STL).

Priesthood. Ordained, October 28, 1956, Rome, by Cardinal Valerio Valeri, prefect of S.C. for Religious. Incardinated in the diocese of Portsmouth. From 1957 to 1963, he was vicar in the parish of Corpus Christi, Portsmouth; and in 1963, named vicar of the Sacred Heart, Fareham, and appointed Diocesan Director of Vocations. Later, from 1966 to 1969, secretary and chaplain to Bishop Dereck Worlock of Portsmouth. He participated in the preparatory stages of the first National Conference of Priests in 1970. In September of that same year, he was named pastor of the Immaculate Conception parish, Southampton. From he end 1971 until his episcopal appointment, he was rector of the Venerable English College, Rome; in that capacity, he hosted Dr Donald Coggan, archbishop of Canterbury, when he visited Pope Paul VI in April-May 1977; during the visit, on May 12, the pope and the archbishop signed the Unity Declaration. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, March 10, 1972.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Arundel and Brighton, November 17, 1977. Consecrated, December 21, 1977, cathedral of Our Lady and Saint Philip Howard, Arundel, by Michael Bowen, archbishop of Southwark, assisted by George Patrick Dwyer, archbishop of Birmingham, and by Anthony Joseph Emery, bishop of Portsmouth. His episcopal motto is Gaudium et spes. Chairman of the Bishops' Committee for Europe from 1978 to 1983. Vice-president of the Laity Commission from 1978 to 1983. Chairman of the Committee for Christian Unity (ARCIC) from 1983 to 2000. Chairman of the Department for Mission and Unity from 1994 to 2000. Co-chairman of the Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission from1982 to 2000. In 2000, he was awarded a Doctorate of Divinity by Dr George Carey, archbishop of Canterbury, in recognition of his work for Christian unity. He is an honorary bencher of the Inner Temple. In September 2000, he set up an independent review on child protection in the Catholic Church in England and Wales and invited Michael Patrick Nolan, Baron Nolan, to chair it (1). In August 2001, he was created a Freeman of the City of London. Promoted to metropolitan see of Westminster, February 15, 2000. Elected president of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales, November 2000.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria sopra Minerva, February 21, 2001. Member of Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments; of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See; and of the Presidential Committee of the Pontifical Council for the Family. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, March 10, 2001. In January 2002, at the invitation of Queen Elizabeth II, he was the first member of the Catholic hierarchy since 1680 to deliver a sermon to an English monarch. This took place at Sandringham, the sovereign's country residence in Norfolk, during the Anglican morning service. Present with the queen were members of her family and her household. Member of the Pontifical Council for Culture in April 2002; member of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church in June 2002; and member of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity in October 2002. Attended Tenth Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the diocese of Stockholm, Sweden, October 12, 2003. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. His resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Westminster was accepted by Pope Benedict XVI on April 3, 2009. Apostolic administrator of the archdiocese until Thursday, May 21, 2009, when his successor, Vincent Nichols, until then archbishop of Birmingham, England, was installed. During Boston College's 134th Commencement ceremony on May 24, 2010, he was granted an honorary degree (doctor of laws) in recognition of his work in spiritual and pastoral renewal, especially for his grassroots program "At Your Word, Lord". On May 31, 2010, he was named visitor to the archdiocese of Armagh and its suffragan sees to explore more deeply questions concerning the handling of cases of abuse perpetrated by priests and religious upon minors and the assistance owed to the victims; to monitor the effectiveness of and seek possible improvements to the current procedures for preventing abuse, taking as points of reference the Pontifical Motu Proprio "Sacramentorum Sanctitatis Tutela" and the norms contained in Safeguarding Children: Standards and Guidance Document for the Catholic Church in Ireland, commissioned and produced by the National Board for Safeguarding Children in the Catholic Church. On December 1, 2010, he received an honorary doctorate of divinity from Heythrop College. He has authored The Family of the Church (1984); and At the Heart of the World (2004); and edited Faith in Europe (2005); and Faith and Life in Britain (2008). Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on August 24, 2012. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 125th anniversary of the archdiocese of Dhaka, Bangladesh and the fourth centennial of the evangelization of the Bengalese territory, which took place on November 9 and 10, 2012.

Bibliography. Bellenger, Dominc Aidan and Stella Fletcher. Princes of the church. A history of the English cardinals. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire : Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2001, p. 64, 168-169 and 179; Schofield, Nicholas ; Skinner, Gerard. The English cardinals. Oxford, UK : Family Publications, 2007, p. 222-225 Walsh, Michael J. The Westminster cardinals : the past and the future. London ; New York : Burns & Oates, 2008, p. 223-240.

Links. Photograph and biography, in English, archdiocese of Westminster; biography, in English (Britannica); photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; and his arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana; Murphy-O'Connor off to Bangladesh, The Tablet, 21 August 2012; Cardinal Cormac Murphy-OConnor, blog of Nigel Baker, Great Britain Ambassador to the Holy See; Cardinal: disestablishment would benefit the Church of England by Mark Greaves, Catholic Herald, Friday, 24 August 2012; Reformer, Ökumeniker, Werteverteidiger. Der Londoner Kardinal Murphy-O'Connor wird 80, domradio.de, 24.8.2012; Cardinal Murphy-O'Connor: 'I thought of being called Benedict if elected pope' by Luke Coppen, The Catholic Herald, Monday, 27 August 2012.

(1) The Nolan Review published their First Report in April 2001 and their Final Report, "A Programme for Action", in September 2001 out of which a new independent office has been established called "COPCA" to oversee the protection of children and vulnerable adults.

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