The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
(1903-2011)
N

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NAGL, Franz Xaver
(1855-1913)

Birth. November 26, 1855, Vienna, Austria, Austrian Empire. Son of Leopold Nagl, a doorman, and Barbara Kloiber. Received the sacrament of confirmation June 21, 1865.

Education. Studied at the Seminary ot Krems; at the Seminary of Sankt Pölten from 1874 to 1878; and at the University of Vienna, where he earned a doctorate in theology on March 10, 1883.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 14, 1878, Vienna. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Vienna, 1878-1882. Chaplain of S. Maria dell' Anima, Austrian church in Rome, 1882-1883. Professor of philosophy and exegesis, Seminary of Sankt Pölten, 1883-1885. Chaplain at the Imperial Court, Vienna, 1885-1887. Spiritual director of the Augustinianum College, Vienna, 1887-1889. Rector of S. Maria dell'Anima, Rome, 1889-1902. Protonotary apostolic ad instar participantium, March 9, 1893. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Vienna.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Trieste and Capodistria, June 2, 1902. Consecrated, June 15, 1902, church of S. Maria dell'Anima, Rome, by Cardinal Gaetano Aloisi Masella, assisted by Felix Marie de Neckere, titular archbishop of Melitene, economous and secretary of the Reverend Fabric of St. Peter's basilica, and by Giustino Adami, titular archbishop of Cesarea del Ponto. Promoted to the titular see of Tiro and appointed coadjutor of Vienna, with right of succession, January 19, 1910. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Vienna, August 5, 1911.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 27, 1911; received the red hat and the title of S. Marco, December 2, 1912. Counselor to Emperor Franz Josef and member of the Chamber of Lords and of the Landtag.

Death. February 4, 1913, Vienna. Buried, metropolitan cathedral, Vienna.

Bibliography. Hartmann, Gerhard. "Nagl, Franz Xaver (1855-1913)." Die Bischöfe der deutschsprachigen Länder, 1785/1803 bis 1945 : ein biographisches Lexikon. Herausgegeben von Erwin Gatz. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 1983, pp. 526-528; Loidl, Franz. Franz Xaver Kardinal Nagl : Erzbischof-Koadjutor (1910/11) u. Fürsterzbischof (1911/13) v. Wien. Wien : Erzbischöfliche Ordinariatskanzlei, 1967. Note: Aus: Beiträge zur Wiener Diözesangeschichte. 1965-1967; Saurer, Edith. Die politischen Aspekte der österreichischen Bischofsernennungen, 1867-1903. Anhang: Die Wiener Erzbischöfe Nagl und Piffl. Wien, München : Herold, 1968. (Forschungen zur Kirchengeschichte Österreichs, Bd. 6). Notes : Based on the author's thesis, Vienna, 1966.

Link. Biography, in German; his photograph, portraits and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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NAGY, S.C.I., Stanisław
(1921-2013)

Birth. September 30, 1921, Bieruń Stary, Wadowice, archdiocese of Kraków (now archdiocese of Katowice), Poland. His father was Hungarian and his mother was Polish. His baptismal name is Stanisław Kazimierz.

Education. Entered the Congregation of Priests of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Dehonians), in Zgromadzenia, 1937; studied at the Jagiellonian University, Kraków, where he obtained the magisterium in 1948; and at the Catholic University of Lublin, where he earned a doctorate in 1952; specialized in moral theology and ecumenism.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 8, 1945, Kraków, by Bishop Stanisław Rospond, titular bishop of Dardano, auxiliary of Kraków. At the Catholic University of Lublin (1): professor; habilitacja, 1968; professor extraordinary, 1979; professor ordinary, 1985. Rector of the Minor Seminary of the Sacred Heart, Kraków, 1947-1950. Rector of the Major Seminary of the Sacred Heart, Tarnow, 1952-1958. Since 1958, director of conferences, Catholic University of Lublin. In 1970, named director of the newly created section of comparative theology and ecumenism. Director of the branch of fundamental ecclesiology, 1972-1991. Director of the department of theology, Catholic University of Lublin, 1972-1974. Professor at the Pontifical Theological Faculty of Wroclaw, 1973. Redactor of the section on ecumenism of the Encyklopedii Katolickiej and member of the editorial board of Roczników Teologicznych. Member of the Catholic-Lutheran Mixed Commission appointed by the Secretariat for Christian Union and the Lutheran Federation. Several times, president of the section of fundamental theology of the Commission of Studies of the Polish episcopate. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; as an assistant to the special secretary. Member of the International Theological Commission, 1991-1996. Attended the Special Assembly for Europe of the the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; as an auditor. On September 28, 2003, received the medal of the Pontifical Theological Faculty of Wroclaw.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Hólar, October 7, 2003. Consecrated, October 13, 2003, Wawel cathedral basilica, Kraków, by Cardinal Franciszek Macharski, archbishop of Kraków, assisted by Cardinal Marian Jaworski, archbishop of Lviv of the Latins, Ukraine, and by Józef Kowalczyk, titular archbishop of Eraclea, nuncio in Poland. His episcopal motto was In te Cor Jesu speravi.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria della Scala, October 21, 2003. When he was promoted to the cardinalate, the cardinal was already 80 years old, therefore, he did not have the right to participate in the conclave.

Death. June 5, 2013, in the morning, in the convent of the Priests of the Sacred Heart (Dehonians) in Kraków, ul. Saska 2 (Saska street 2). Upon learning the news of the death of Cardinal Nagy, Pope Francis prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent Cardinal Stanisław Dziwisz a telegram of condolence (2). The funeral took place on June 11, 2013, at 11 a.m., in the Shrine of Blessed Pope John Paul II, next to the Shrine of the Divine Mercy, in Kraków, Poland, to where the body had been transported the day before. The mass was presided by Cardinal Kazimierz Nycz, archbishop of Warsaw; the homily was given by Archbishop Józef Michalik of Przemyśl, president of the Polish Bishops Conference. After the mass, the body of the late cardinal was placed in a sarcophagus in the crypt of that shrine, beside the sarcophagus of Cardinal Andrzej Maria Deskur, who died in 2011 (3). Taking part in the ceremony also were Cardinals Franciszek Marcharski, archbishop emeritus of Kraków; Stanisław Dziwisz, archbishop of Kraków; and Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz, archbishop emeritus of Wrocław; the apostolic nuncio to Poland, Celestino Migliore, titular archbishop of Canosa; the auxiliary bishops of the archdiocese of Kraków; Józef Wróbel, S.C.I., titular bishop of Suas, auxiliary of Lublin; and other Polish bishops.

Links. His photograph and biography, in Polish, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Witnesses - Kardinal Stanisław Nagy, in Polish, You Tube.

(1) The future Pope John Paul II taught moral theology in that university.
(2) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Press Office of the Holy See:

Signor Cardinale Stanisław Dziwisz
Arcivescovo di Cracovia

Nell'apprendere la notizia del decesso del venerato Cardinale Stanisław Nagy, desidero esprimere a Lei, all'intera comunità diocesana, ai familiari del benemerito Porporato e alla Congregazione dei Padri Dehoniani la mia sentita partecipazione al loro dolore pensando con affetto a questo caro Fratello che ha servito generosamente il Vangelo e la Chiesa, specialmente nel mondo accademico, quale apprezzato studioso ed esperto docente di discipline teologiche. Ricordo con gratitudine la sua feconda collaborazione, cordiale amicizia e reciproca stima con il Beato Giovanni Paolo II, come pure la sua intensa attivit` ecumenica. Elevo fervide preghiere al Signore affinché, per intercessione della Beata Vergine Maria, accolga questo suo fedele servitore e insigne uomo di Chiesa nel gaudio e nella pace eterna, e di cuore imparto a quanti ne piangono la scomparsa la confortatrice Benedizione Apostolica..

FRANCISCUS PP.

Analogous telegram was sent by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State.

(3) This is the text of the inscription on his sarcophagus, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

STANISŁAW KARDYNAŁ
NAGY
SERCANIN
30 IX 1921 · 5 VI 2013


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NAPIER, O.F.M., Wilfrid Fox
(1941-

Birth. March 8, 1941, Swartberg, diocese of Kokstad, South Africa. Of a family of seven children, five boys and two girls, who remain close to this day.

Education. Joined the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans), Ireland, 1960; studied at the Franciscan Noviatiate, Killarney; at the University of Galway, where he obtained a bachelor's in letters; at Louvain University, Belgium, where he earned a master's in arts and bachelors' in philosophy and theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 25, 1970, cathedral of Kokstad, by John Evangelist McBride, O.F.M., bishop of Kokstad. Pastoral ministry in the parish of Lusikisiki (1971-1973); and in the parish of Tabankulu (1973-1978). Learned several African languages of his area. Apostolic administrator of the diocese of Kokstad, May 15, 1978 to 1980.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Kokstad, November 29, 1980. Consecrated, February 28, 1981, St. Patrick's cathedral, Kokstad, by Denis Eugene Hurley, O.M.I., archbishop of Durban, assisted by Dominic Khumalo, titular bishop of Capo della Foresta, and by Andrew Brook, bishop of Umtata. is episcopal motto is Pax et bonum. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983. President of the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference (SACBC), 1987-1994, the critical years when the country abolished apartheid and elected its first black president, Nelson Mandela. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Outspoken defender of human rights. Member of the Council of the Secretariat of the Synod of Bishops, 1989- . Promoted to metropolitan see of Durban, May 29, 1992. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; president of the Commission for Social Communications. Apostolic administrator sede vacante et ad nutum Sanctae Sedis of Umzimkulu, August 1, 1994. Honorary doctorate in jurisprudence, National University of Ireland, 1995. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 19 to May 14, 1998; by papal appointment. President of the Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference (SACBC), 1999-2007.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Francesco d'Assisi ad Acilia, February 21, 2001. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Named member of of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, February 3, 2007. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World"; its second president-delegate. Named member of the Pontifical Council for Health Workers on March 21, 2012. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. He was named member of the Council for the Economy for a quinquennium on March 8, 2014. He was confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life on March 29, 2014.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B., André and Charles N. Bransom. "Franciscan bishops." Franciscan Studies, XLVIII (1988), 319.

Links. His arms, Araldica Vaticana; South African Cardinal: Why Mandela is so revered, listen to the extended interview with Cardinal Napier, Vatican Radio, 2012-07-18.


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NASALLI ROCCA DI CORNELIANO, Giovanni Battista
(1872-1952)

Birth. August 27, 1872, Piecenza, Italy. From the noble and ancient family of the counts di Corneliano. Second of the three children of Pietro Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, a physician, and Angiola Bovarini. His last name is also listed as Nasalli Rocca di Conegliano. Received the sacrament of confirmation in 1880 in the cathedral of Piacenza from Giovanni Battista Scalabrini, bishop of Piacenza. Received the first communion in 1881, while he was a student at "Collegio Vida", Cremona, from Msgr. Geremia Bonomelli. Grand-nephew of Cardinal Ignazio Nasalli (1827). Uncle of Cardinal Mario Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano (1969).

Education. Initial studies in the Jesuit "Collegio Vida", Cremona, 1881; received the ecclesiastical habit in 1887 from Bishop Scalabrini in the chapel of the episcopal residence; then, he studied at the Jesuit "Collegio Alessandro Luzzaga", Brescia, 1887-1888; received the ecclesiastical tonsure in 1888 in Piacenza from Bishop Scalabrini in the parish church of S. Chiara; returned to Piacenza to study philosophy in its Seminary; received the first two minor orders in 1890 in the chapel of the episcopal villa in S. Paolo; and the other two minor orders in 1892 in the parish church of S. Chiara; then, he went to Rome to Seminario Lombardo, in October 1891, where he was classmate of Carlo Perosi and Luigi Sincero, future cardinals; at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, he obtained a doctorate in theology in 1895; finally, he was called to Rome by Pope Leo XIII to study diplomacy at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy; and also obtained a doctorate in canon law in 1898.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 8, 1895, cathedral of Piacenza, by Bishop Scalabrini; celebrated his first mass on the following day, June 9, in the church of S. Pietro Apostolo. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Piacenza, 1895-1896. Further sudies in Rome, 1896-1898. He collaborated with Bishop Giacomo Radini-Tedeschi of Bergamo in the organization of the Catholic Action in Italy and Rome. In 1899, he was named apprendista in the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs with its secretary, Msgr. Felice Cavagnis, future cardinal. Canon coadjutor of the patriarchal Liberian basilica in 1899; named canon in 1902; occupied the post until January 1907. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, May 5, 1902. Protonotary apostolic, May 31, 1902; and President of the Opera delle chiese povere. Between 1903 and 1907, he was ecclesiastical assistant of the Circle of S. Eusebio, one of the most popular parishes of Rome. In 1904, he was named apostolic visitor for the Sacred Visit of Rome ordered by Pope Pius X. In 1905-1906, he was visitor to the dioceses of Ancona, Penne ed Atri, Recanati e Loreto, Teramo e Fermo, Bojano e Campobasso, and to many Italian seminaries.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Gubbio, January 25, 1907. Consecrated, February 10, 1907, patriarchal Liberian basilica, Rome, by Cardinal Vincenzo Vannutelli, bishop of Palestrina, assisted by Paolo Maria Barone, titular archbishop of Melitene, and by Raffaele Virili, titular bishop of Troade. His episcopal motto was In turris. Promoted to titular archbishop of Tebe di Grecia and appointed privy almoner of His Holiness, December 6, 1916. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, December 9, 1916. General ecclesiastical assistant to the Italian Catholic Youth, from June 1921 until 1926. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Bologna, November 21, 1921.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 23, 1923; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria in Traspontina, May 25, 1923. Papal legate to the centennial celebrations in honor of Pope Pius VII, Cesena, Italy, July 20, 1923; to the celebration in honor of Our Lady of "Ab Igne," Forlì, Italy, January 21, 1928; to the Plenary Council of Emilia, Italy, 1932. On July 28, 1937, he celebrated the funeral mass for Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi in the metropolitan cathedral of S. Petronio in Bologna. On February 12, 1938, he celebrated the pontifical mass in the Sistine chapel for the 16th anniversary of the coronation of Pope Pius XI. Participated in the conclave of 1939, which elected Pope Pius XII. Papal legate for the translation of the relics of Saint Dominic, August 4, 1946. Cardinal protopriest, May 31, 1951. The cardinal was member of the SS.CC. Consistorial, Ceremonial, of Seminaries and Universities, and of the Reverend Fabric of St. Peter's basilica. He was called the Cardinal of the Eucharist.

Death. March 13, 1952, at 11:27 a.m., in Bologna, of a heart attack for complications from diabetes, after receiving the extreme unction from Archbishop Giacomo Lercaro of Ravenna, and a special blessing from Pope Pius XII. He was assisted in his deathbed, among others, by Danio Dolognini, titular bishop of Sidone and auxiliary of Bologna, and by his nephew, Monsignor Mario Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano. The solemn pontifical funeral mass was celebrated by Cardinal Benedetto Aloisi Masella, pro-prefect of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments, in the metropolitan cathedral of S. Pietro of Bologna in the presence of several other prelates, numerous priests and hundreds of faithful. The funeral eulogy was delivered by Archbishop Lercaro of Ravenna. Four bishops from the Emilian region imparted the absolution. The minister of Labor, Leopoldo Rubinacci, represented the Italian government. Buried, according to his will (1), in the crypt of the basilica of Beata Vergine di S. Luca in Colle della Guardia, on the hill overlooking the city of Bologna (2). On June 13, 1953, his sepulchral monument, by sculptor Bruno Boari, was inaugurated. The same artist sculpted a half-bust bronze medallion that was placed in the metropolitan cathedral.

Bibliography. Cassoli, Ivaldo, Sulla cattedra di San Petronio. Il Card. G.Battista Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, Arcivescovo di Bologna (1872-1952). Bologna : Fotocromo Emiliana, 1975; Meluzzi, Luciano. I vescovi e gli arcivescovi di Bologna. Bologna : Grafica Emiliana, 1975, (Collana storico-ecclesiastica; 3), pp. 574-588; Molinari, Franco. Il cardinale Giovanni Battista Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, arcivescovo di Bologna (1872-1952). Roma : Corporazione arti grafiche, 1974; L'Osservatore Romano [electronic resource]. Città del Vaticano, XCII, n. 63 (March 14, 1952), p. 2; and L'Osservatore Romano [electronic resource]. Città del Vaticano, XCII, n. 67 (March 19, 1952), p. 2; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), VI, 682.

Links. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; brief biography, in German, Wikipedia; brief, biography, in Polish, Wikipedia; brief biography, in Dutch, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; his tomb by Bruno Boari (1952), crypt of the basilica of Beata Vergine di S. Luca, Bologna, Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; medallion with his effigy by Bruno Boari (1952), metropolitan cathedral of Bologna, Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; funeral monument by Bruno Boari (1953), metropolitan cathedral of Bologna, Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; Protezione Antiaerea. Difesa del Cittadino, Difessa della Casa, Sfollamento, ediziobe de l'Avvenire d'Italia, 5 febbraio 1953, Il Card. Nasalli Rocca, You Tube, uploaded by 12portebo on Jan 20, 2012; Card. Giovanni Battista Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano Requiem, Seminario Arcivescovile di Villa Revedin, Bologna; In ricordo di Nasalli Rocca, You Tube, published on Mar 16, 2012 by 12portebo.

(1) According to L'Osservatore Romano, anno XCII, num 67 (27.915), mercoledì 19 Marzo 1952, page the cardinal said in his testament, prepared in 1933:
Desidero essere sepolto nella Basilica di San Luca, presso l'Altare Maggiore, dal lato dell'Epistola, o nella cripta, como meglio credere il mio successore, con una semplice iscrizione: «Ioannes Baptista tit. S. Mariae Traspontinae S.R.E. Presb. Nasalli Rocca de Corneliano Archiepscopum Bononiensium - N. Piacentiae die 27 Aug. MDCCCLXXI. exorat preces fidelium - expectat carnis resurrectionis»
Raccomando a tutti i miei sacerdoti e a tutti i miei figlioli spirituali di questa cara Archidiocesi tre grandi amori: alla Santa Eucarestia, alla cara Madonna, alla Chiesa e al Papa. Voglia il Signore raccoglierci in cielo tutti. Amen.
(2) In the south side of the basilica; first pillar, on the east side thereof, over a confessional box which obscures the lower part of the text of the inscription, there is a memorial tablet with right profile bust of the cardinal by Bruno Boari, 1953; and this inscription, provided by Mr. Mar West, London, England:

JOANNES. BAPT. NASALLI ROCCA
A CORNELIO PLACENTINUS
AB PIO X EPISCOPUS EUGUBINUS
A MCMVII ET A BENEDICTO XV
ARCHIEP. BONONENSIUM. MCMXXI
RENUNTIATUS A PIO XI S. R. ECCL. PRAESB
CARDINALIS. TIT. S. M. TRANSPONT. CREATUS
INSGINIS SUAVITATE
HUIC. SEDI.


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NASALLI ROCCA DI CORNELIANO, Mario
(1903-1988)

Birth. August 12, 1903, Piacenza, Italy, of a noble family. Youngest of the four children of Count Camillo Nasalli Rocca, who died when Mario was a child, and Marchioness Caterina (Katie) Taffini d'Accegliano. The other siblings were Chiara, Luigi and Carlo. Great-grand-nephew of Cardinal Ignazio Nasalli (1827). Nephew of Cardinal Giovanni Battista Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano (1923).

Education. Studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminary; then, at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare"; and finally, at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome (diplomacy).

Priesthood. Ordained, April 9, 1927, Rome. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Rome, 1927-1969. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, November 22, 1931; reappointed, March 3, 1939. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, July 1, 1949. Master of the Papal Chamber, October 29, 1958; reappointed, June 21, 1963. Prefect of the Apostolic Palace, August 15, 1967.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Anzio, April 11, 1969. Consecrated, April 20, 1969, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Paolo Marella, archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, assisted by Diego Venini, titular archbishop of Adana, almoner of His Holiness, and by Alberto Scola, bishop of Norcia. His episcopal motto was Ut turris, the same as his uncle the cardinal.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of April 28, 1969; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Giovanni Battista decollato, April 30, 1969. Special papal envoy the to first centennial of the coronation of image of Madonna dell'Arco, Italy, September 8, 1974. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro illa vice to title, June 30, 1979. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. He was member of the SS.CC. for the Sacraments and Divine Worship, and for the Causes of the Saints; and of the Secretariat for Non-Believers. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, August 12, 1983. Due to his frail health, the cardinal had been recovering in a home beside Lago di Nemi during the last months of his life.

Death. Wednesday November 9, 1988, at at 9:30 p.m., in a Roman clinic, after suffering from a cerebral ictus. The funeral took place on the following Friday November 11, at noon, in the Altar of the Chair of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, presided by Pope John Paul II who delivered the homily. Later that day, his body was transferred to Vigolzone, Piacenza, where a vigil was held during the evening. Another funeral mass was celebrated at 3.30 pm., on Saturday November 12, presided by Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, prior to interment, in the church of S. Mario Martire, which was erected years before by the cardinal himself.

Bibliography. Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, Mario. Accanto ai Papi. Cittaà del Vaticano : Libreria editrice vaticana, 1976; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), VI, 682.

Links. Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; brief biography, in Polish, Wikipedia; his portrait by Ghiglia Paulo, Galleria d'Arte Moderna Ricci Oddi, Piacenza, Italy; his genealogy, Geneall; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; and another picture of his arms, also in Araldica Vaticana; Letterfrom Pope Paul VI to Cardinal Mario Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, Special Envoy on the 1st centenary of the crowning of the prodigious image of the Virgin Mary (September 8, 1974), in Latin, The Vatican; Letter from Pope Paul VI to Cardinal Mario Nasalli Rocca of Corneliano on the 50th anniversary of priestly ordination (April 3, 1977), in Latin, The Vatican.


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NASCIMENTO, Alexandre do
(1925-

Birth. March 1, 1925, Malanje, Angola.

Education. He studied at the Seminary of Bangalas; then at the Seminary of Malanje; and later at the Seminary of Luanda; in 1948, he was sent to study at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome where he obtained a bachelor in philosophy and a licentiate in theology; during his exile in Portugal, he studied civil law at the University of Lisbon.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 20, 1952, Rome, by Luigi Traglia, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, vice-gerent of Rome. Returned to Angola and was named professor of dogmatic theology at the Major Seminary of Luanda, and chief editor of the Catholic newspaper O apostolado, 1953-1956. Preacher of the metropolitan cathedral, 1956-1961. During those years, he also was director-adjunct of Radio Católica; assistant of the Grupos Familiares; and spiritual assistant of the workers of the port. He was part of the priests who, before the Independence, were deported to Portugal for political reasons; because of their nationalistic sympathies they were not well seen by the Portuguese authorities; he was forced to go into exile in Lisbon from 1961 until 1971. In Lisbon, pastoral ministry in several parishes and counselor of the Movement of Teams of Our Lady. Successively, 1971-1975, in Lubango, professor of moral and theology and counselor at the Pius XII Institute of Social Sciences; member of the archdiocesan curia; secretary general of the Angolan Cáritas; president of the ecclesiastical tribunal of Luanda; member of the presbyteral council and of the diocesan commission for the 1975 Holy Year; and special assistant to students and former political prisoners.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Malanje, August 10, 1975. Consecrated, August 31, 1975, in the cathedral of Luanda, by Giovanni De Andrea, titular archbishop of Acquaviva, apostolic delegate in Angola, assisted by Manuel Nunes Gabriel, archbishop of Luanda, and by Eduardo André Muaca, titular archbishop of Tagarbala, coadjutor, with right of succession, of Luanda. Elected vice-president of the Episcopal Conference of Angola, 1975-1981. Promoted to the newly established metropolitan see of Lubango, February 3, 1977. Apostolic administrator, ad nutum Sanctae Sedis, of Ondjiva. On October 15, 1982, during a pastoral visit, he was kidnapped by a group of militaries; Pope John Paul II appealed for his freedom during the Angelus of Sunday October 31; he was freed on the following November 16.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 2, 1983; received the red biretta and the title of S. Marco in Agro Laurentino, February 2, 1983. Preached the spiritual exercises for the pope and the Roman Curia in Lent 1984. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Luanda, February 16, 1986. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. President of the Episcopal Conference of Angola and São Tomé. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, January 23, 2001. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, March 1, 2005. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". On July 19, 2010, in Luanda, he was decorated by the president of the Portuguese Republic, Anibal Cavaco Silva, with the Grãu-Cruz Order of Christ for his commitment to the achievement of peace and reconciliation among Angolans.


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NEVES, O.P., Lucas Moreira
(1925-2002)

Birth. September 16, 1925, São João del Rey, Brazil. The eldest of ten children of Victor Neves, a shoemaker, and Margarita Moreira, a school teacher. His father's ancestors descend from African slaves, who came from Benin.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Mariana; then, joined the Order of Preachers; made his solemn profession on March 7, 1945; studied at the convent Santo Alberto Magno, São Paulo, (philosophy, 1945-1947); at the Saint-Maximin Theological School, Var, Fréjus-Toulon, France (theology, 1947-1951).

Priesthood. Ordained, July 9, 1950, Saint-Maximin, Var. Further studies, 1950-1952. In Brazil, vice-master of novices and students, 1952-1953; sub-prior of the Dominican convent of Rio de Janeiro; ecclesiastical assistant of the Catholic University Youth, São Paulo, 1952-1953; director of the journal Mensageiro do Santo Rosario, Rio de Janeiro, 1954-1962; ecclesiastical assistant of the Catholic University Youth, Rio de Janeiro, 1954-1959; spiritual counselor of the Christian Family Movement; its national vice-assistant, 1959-1965; official in the Conference of Catholic Bishops of Brazil, 1966-1967; spiritual counselor to intellectuals and artists, especially theater, in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, 1962-1967.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Feradi maggiore and appointed auxiliary of São Paulo, June 9, 1967. Consecrated, August 26, 1967, São João del Rei, by Cardinal Agnelo Rossi, archbishop of São Paulo, assisted by Delfim Ribeiro Guedes, bishop of São João del Rei, and by Alain Marie Hubert Antoine Jean Roland du Noday, O.P., bishop of Porto Nacional. Attended the Second General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Medellín, Colombia, August 24 to September 6, 1968. President of the Brazilian Cáritas, 1971-1974. Vice-president of the Council for the Laity, March 7, 1974; December 10, 1976. Attended the III General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979. Secretary of the S.C. for Bishops and promoted to the rank of archbishop, October 15, 1979. Secretary of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 15, 1979. He received a doctorate honoris causa in theology from the University of St. Thomas Aquinas of Rome in 1986; and another one from Providence College, Rhode Island, United States of America. He was decorated as commendatore of the Ordem de Rio Branco (1986); Grão Cruz da Ordem do Mérito Militar (1988); Honorary Citizen of São Salvador da Bahia (1988); Mérito da Aeronáutica (1991); and Mérito da Marinha (1994).Transferred to the titular see of Vescovio, January 3, 1987. Transferred to the metropolitan see of São Salvador da Bahia, July 9, 1987. A prolific author of newspaper columns, theater criticism and books, efforts that earned him membership in the Brazilian Academy of Letters and the Roman Academy of St. Thomas Aquinas.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Bonifacio ed Alessio, June 28, 1988. Attended the VIII Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; relator general; member of its general secretariat, 1990-1994. Attended the IV General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994. Special papal envoy to the National Eucharistic Congress, Santiago del Estero, Argentina, August 31 to September 4, 1994. President of the Episcopal Conference of Brazil, 1995-1998. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops ad iuris normam and president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America ad iuris normam, June 25, 1998; he was first Latin American to occupy the presidency of this commission. Bishop of the title of the suburbicarian see of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto, retaining in commendam the title of Ss. Bonifacio ed Alessio, June 25, 1998. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, June 25, 1998. Attended the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998; the II Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Resigned the prefecture and the presidency, September 16, 2000.

Death. Sunday September 8, 2002, at 5 p.m., of diabetes related complications, assisted by one of his sisters, at the Pius XI Clinic in Rome, where he spent his last week, undergoing daily dialysis due to acute kidney deficiency. The funeral mass took place at the patriarchal Vatican basilica, on Wednesday, September 11. Although in attendance, Pope John Paul II did not celebrate the mass himself due to ill health, but delivered the homily. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral basilica of São Salvador da Bahia, as he had requested shortly before his death.

Link. Biography, in English (Britannica).


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NGUYÊN VAN THUÂN, François-Xavier
(1928-2002)

Birth. April 17, 1928, parish of Phu Cam, Huê, Việt Nam. Son of son of Nguyễn Văn Ầm, and Elisabeth Ngô Ðình Thị Hiệp. Nephew of Ngo Dinh Diem, president of the former Republic of South Việt Nam (1); and of Pierre Martin Ngô Ðình Thuc, archbishop of Hue. Numerous members of his family suffered martyrdom because of their faith. His name is also listed as Nguyeãn vaên Thuaän, Phanxicoâ Xavieâ, in Vietnamese.

Education. When he was very young, he entered the Minor Seminary of An Ninh, Huê; later, he studied at the Major Seminary of Phu Xuan, Huê (philosophy and theology); after his ordination, he went to Rome in 1955 and studied spirituality; and obtained a doctorate in canon law in 1959.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 11, 1953, Huê, by Jean-Baptiste Urrutia, M.E.P., titular bishop of Isauropoli, vicar apostolic of Huê. Pastoral ministry, 1953-1955. Further studies, Rome, 1955-1959. In the archdiocese of Huê, successively, 1959-1967, charged with the formation of priests; faculty member and rector of its seminary.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Nha Trang, April 13, 1967. Consecrated, June 4, 1967, Hué, by Angelo Palmas, titular archbishop of Vibiana, apostolic delegate in Viêt Nam, assisted by Philippe Nguyen Kim Dien, of the Petit Frères de Jésus, titular archbishop of Pario, apostolic administrator, sede plena, of Hué, and by Jean-Baptiste Urrutia, M.E.P., titular archbishop of Carpato. His episcopal motto was Guadium et spes. Promoted to titular archbishop of Vadesi and appointed coadjutor of Thành-Phô Chi Minh, Hôchiminh Ville (Saigon), April 24, 1975. Jailed by the Communist government, 1975-1988, spent nine years in isolation; was never tried or sentenced; freed November 21, 1988 and obligated to reside in the archbishop's house in Hânoi, impeded to return to his see, Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville (ex-Saigon). Declared persona non grata by the government of Viêt Nam during a 1991 visit to Rome, where he remained. Member of the International Catholic Commission for Immigration, Geneva, Switzerland, 1992. Resigned the coadjutorship, November 24, 1994. Vice-president of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax, November 24, 1994; president, June 24, 1998. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 19 to May 14, 1998; by papal appointment. Attended the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998. Attended the II Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Preached the Lent Spiritual Exercises for the pope and the Roman Curia, March 12 to 18, 2000.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria della Scala, February 21, 2001. Viêt Nam's Foreign Ministry eased restrictions and the cardinal would face only routine immigration procedures when entering the country and would be afforded all the privileges normally given to overseas citizens, February 27, 2001. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. The pectoral cross that he wore until his death was one that he made with two small pieces of wood when he was in jail; he protected the cross hiding it in a piece of soap so that his jailers would not confiscate it; when he was freed, he covered the wooden cross with a coat of metal.

Death. September 16, 2002, of cancer, in a Roman clinic. Buried in the chapel of the canons of the chapter of St. Peter's Basilica, Campo Verano cemetery, Rome (2). On Friday, June 8, 2012, at 11:30 a.m., his remains were transported from Campo Verano cemetery to his deaconry, S. Maria della Scala (3). The ceremony, presided by Cardinal Peter Turkson Kodwo Appiah, president of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax, was attended, among others, by Cardinals Roger Etchegaray, Renato Raffaele Martino, Jorge María Mejía and Bernard Francis Law. The sister of the late cardinal was also present for the ceremony as was the Vietnamese community in Rome and Matteo Maria Zuppi, titular bishop of Villa Nova and auxiliary of Rome. Mario Toso, S.D.B., titular bishop of Bisarcio and secretary of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax, addressed those present.

Beatification. The cause of his beatification was introduced on September 16, 2007. Silvia Monica Correale was named postulator of the cause of beatification. Five years after death is the shortest period of time allowed to initiate the process of beatification. On October 22, 2010, a solemn ceremony marked the opening of the diocesan study of his life, virtues, and fame of holiness. The ceremony took place at noon in Sala della Conciliazione of the Lateran Palace, Rome. Cardinals Agostino Vallini, vicar of His Holiness for Rome, and Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson, president of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax, addressed those present. At 8:30 a.m. on the same day, Cardinal Turkson celebrated a mass for the Servant of God in the church of Santa Maria della Scala, which was Cardinal Nguyên Van Thuân's diaconal church. Dr. Waldery Hilgeman is the new postulator of the cardinal's cause. The diocesan process has been completed and was officially closed on July 5, 2013.

Bibliography. Nguyen Van Thuan, François-Xavier. Five loaves and two fish. Washington, D.C. : Morley Books, 2000; Nguyen Van Thuan, François-Xavier. The road of hope : A Gospel from prison. Boston : Pauline Books & Media, 2001.

Links. Biography, in French, Conférence des évêques de France ; biography, in English, Encyclopaedia Britannica; Cardinal Van Thuân International Observatory for the Social Doctrine of the Church; also in Italian; and in Spanish.

(1) He was a devout Catholic and had privately taken the Benedictine vows.
(3) This is the text of the inscription on his tombstone, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

A       Ω

CARDINALE
FRANCOIS XAVIER
NGUYEN VAN THUAN
17 · 4 · 1928 - 16 · 9 · 2002

(3) This is the text of the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

HIC JACET CARD. F.X. VAN THUAN
17.4.1928 - 16.9.2002


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NICORA, Attilio
(1937-

Birth. March 16, 1937, Varese, archdiocese of Milan, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, where he obtained a licentiate in law in 1959; at the Theological Seminary of Venegono, Milan; at the Theological Faculty, Milan, where he obtained a licentiate in theology in the fall of 1964; sent to Rome after his priestly ordination, he stayed at the Pontifical Lombard Seminary and studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, earning a doctorate in canon law.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 27, 1964, Milan, by Giovanni Colombo, archbishop of Milan. Further studies in Rome. Professor of canon law and public ecclesiastical law at the Major Seminary of Milan, Venegono; became is rector in October 1970. Counselor of the secular institute Milites Christi.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Fornos minore and appointed auxiliary of Milan, April 16, 1977. Consecrated, May 28, 1977, metropolitan cathedral of Milan, by Cardinal Giovanni Colombo, archbishop of Milan, assisted by Bernardo Citterio, titular bishop of Floriana, auxiliary of Milan, and by Giulio Oggioni, bishop of Bergamo. His episcopal motto is Ubi caritas libera servitus. Oversaw the 1984 revision of the concordat between Italy and the Holy See. Exonerated from the function of auxiliary bishop of Milan and placed at the disposition of the presidency of the Italian Episcopal Conference, February 11, 1987. President of the committee for the problems of the organisms and ecclesiastical goods, 1987. President of the episcopal commission for charity services and Italian Caritas, 1990. Transferred to the diocese of Verona, June 30, 1992. Delegate of the presidency of the Italian Episcopal Conference for juridical affairs, September 18, 1997. Exonerated from the pastoral government of the diocese, September 18, 1997. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999; member of the commission for the message. President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See and promoted to the rank of archbishop, September 2002. General ecclesiastical counselor of the Union of Italian Catholic Jurists.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Filippo Neri in Eurosia, October 21, 2003. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Reappointed president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See, April 21, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Named pontifical legate for the basilicas of San Francesco and of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Assisi, February 21, 2006. Participated, in the name of the pope, in the funeral of Pasquale Macchi, prelate emeritus of Loreto, former secretary of Pope Paul VI, that took place in the metropolitan cathedral of Milan, Italy, on Saturday, April 8, 2006 at 10.30 a.m. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". Named president of the newly established Financial Information Authority on January 19, 2011. The pope relieved him from the charge of president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See on July 7, 2011, in order that he could dedicate himself full-time to the presidency of the Financial Information Authority. On November 10, 2011, he was named member of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On January 30, 2014, the pope accepted his request to be relieved from the post of president of the Financial Information Authority. Opted for the order of cardinal priests on June 12, 2014 and his deaconry, S. Filippo Neri in Eurosia, was elevated pro hace vice to title.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Intalian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Nicora lascia l'Autorit` di informazione finanziaria by Andrea Tornielli, Vatican Insider, 30/01/2014.


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NOÈ, Virgilio
(1922-2011)

Birth. March 30, 1922, Zelata di Bereguardo, diocese of Pavia, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Pavia; and later, at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in ecclesiastical history in 1952 (dissertation: "La politica religiosa dei re longobardi").

Priesthood. Ordained, October 1, 1944, by Carlo Allorio, bishop of Pavia. Incardinated in the diocese of Pavia. Pastoral ministry at the parish of SS. Salvatore, in the outskirts of Pavia, where he created a youth movement, centered especially on the participation in the liturgy, 1944-1948. Sent to Rome in 1948 by Bishop Carlo Allorio of Pavia to further studies; he remained in Rome until 1952. Successively, 1952-1964, faculty member of the Seminary of Pavia; and of the Seminary of Tortona; counselor to the "Catholic Graduates"; president of the diocesan liturgical commission; consultant to the Italian Catholic Union of Teachers. Successively, 1964-1969, in Rome, secretary and president of the Center of Liturgical Action of Italy and faculty member of the Pontifical Liturgical Institute of S. Anselmo; director of the journal Liturgia; member of the committee for the revision of pontifical ceremonies; vice-rector of the Lombardian Seminary of Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo, 1966-1968; president of the Italian Association of Catholic Scouts. Undersecretary of the S.C. for Divine Worship, May 9, 1969. Named prelate of Honor of His Holiness on August 4, 1969. Master of Pontifical Ceremonies, January 9, 1970 to March 6, 1982. Chaplain of the Pontifical Guard, 1970. Member of the commission for the study of the role of women in society and in the church. Member of the Central Committee for Holy Year of 1975. Undersecretary of the S.C. for Sacraments and Divine Worship, section of Divine Worship, July 14, 1975. Secretary adjunct of the S.C. for Sacraments and Divine Worship, October 21, 1977.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Voncaria and appointed secretary of the Congregation for Sacraments and Divine Worship, section of Divine Worship, January 30, 1982. Consecrated, March 6, 1982, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagora, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Antonio Giuseppe Angioni, bishop of Pavia. His episcopal motto was Deus meus misericordia mea. Named coadjutor of Cardinal Aurelio Sabattani, archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica and delegate of the Fabric of St. Peter. President of the Permanent Commission for the Preservation of Historical and Artistic Monuments of the Holy See, May 24, 1989. Coadjutor of the vicar general of Vatican City, January 14, 1991.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Giovanni Bosco in Via Tuscolana, June 28, 1991. Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, vicar general of Vatican City, president of the Fabric of Saint Peter, July 1, 1991. President of the Cardinalitial Commission for the Pontifical Shrines of Pompeii, Loreto and Bari, September 12, 1993; the commission was abolished in 1996. He was a member of the Congregations for the Causes of Saints and for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of Regina Apostolorum, February 26, 2002. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, March 30, 2002. Resigned posts, April 24, 2002.

Death. July 24, 2011, in the morning, Rome. Upon learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to his sister, Signora Maria Noè. The exequial liturgy, presided over by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the College of Cardinals, and concelebrated by the other cardinals, archbishops and bishops, took place at Altar of the Chair of the papal Vatican basilica on Tuesday July 26, 2011, at 10 a.m. Cardinal Sodano also delivered the homily. He was buried in the chapel of the canons of the papal Vatican basilica in the Roman cemetery of Campo Verano.

Bibliography. Noè, Virgilio. The holy door in St. Peter. Translated by Iris Jones ; editor, Frida Giannini. Roma : ATS Italia editrice ; [Città del Vaticano] : Libreria editrice vaticana, 1999; Noè, Virgilio. La Madonna nella Basilica vaticana. Città del Vaticano : Libreria editrice vaticana, 1994; La Porta Santa della Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano. Roma : ATS Italia editrice ; [Città del Vaticano] : Libreria editrice vaticana, 1999; Noè, Virgilio. I santi fondatori nella Basilica Vaticana. Modena : F.C. Panini, 1996; Noè, Virgilio. Le tombe e i monumenti funebri dei papi nella Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano. Modena [Italy] : F.C. Panini, 2000.

Links. Photograph and biography, in English, Catholic News Agency; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; biography, in English, Wikipedia; photographs and biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; diocese of Pavia, in Italian.


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NSUBUGA, Emmanuel
(1914-1991)

Birth. November 11, 1914, Kisule, archdiocese of Kampala, Uganda. His first name is Emmanuel Kiwanuka.

Education. Studied at the Major Seminary of Katigondo.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 15, 1946, Katigondo. Pastoral ministry in archdiocese of Kampala, 1946-1966; vicar general, 1961-1966; vicar capitular, 1966.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Kampala, August 5, 1966. Consecrated, October 30, 1966, Nukivalo Stadium, Kampala, by Cardinal Laurean Rugambwa, bishop of Bukoba, assisted by Guido Del Mestri, titular archbishop of Tuscania, pro-nuncio in Uganda, and by Jean-Marie Ogez, M.Afr., bishop of Mbarara. President of the Ugandan Episcopal Conference, 1967-1975. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, September 29 to October 29, 1967, Vatican City; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. He was a fervent opponent of human rights abuses during military dictatorship of Idi Amin Dada. During the latter's rule, Nsubuga spoke against the government's human rights abuses. He also encouraged priests and nuns throughout the country to shelter people fleeing harassment by the army during the civil war that later raged during the government of Milton Obote, Amin's predecessor and successor.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria Nuova, May 24, 1976. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, February 8, 1990. He was the first cardinal from Uganda.

Death. April 20, 1991, of blood and bone cancer in a hospital in Cologne, Germany, where he had been admitted on the previous December 5. Buried at the Mapeera Bakateyamba Home, Nalukolongo, Kampala, in a specially constructed mausoleum behind the church built in 1924, in memory of twenty two Catholic Martyrs.


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NUNES, José da Costa
(1880-1976)

Birth. March 15, 1880, Candelária, diocese of Angra, Azores, Portugal. Son of José da Costa Nunes and Francisca Felizarda de Castro Nunes. He was baptized four days after his birth in the parish church of Candelária.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Angra.

Priesthood. Went to Macau as missionary, June 4, 1903. Ordained, July 26, 1903, chapel of the episcopal palace of Macau, by João Paulino de Azevedo e Castro, bishop of Macau; celebrated his first mass the following 31 of July, in the church of Santo Agostinho, Macau. Pastoral ministry and faculty member of the Seminary of Macau, 1903-1906. Vicar general of the diocese of Macau and Timor, 1906-1913. Founder of the journal Oriente. Missionary work in Timor, 1913-1920. Vicar capitular of Macau, February 21, 1917.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Macau, December 16, 1920. Consecrated, November 20, 1921, parish church of Horta, by Emmanuel da Costa, bishop of Angra, assisted by Manuel Augusto Xavier, dean of Horta, and by Francisco Nunes da Rocha, dean of Madalena do Pico. His episcopal motto was Duc in altum. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Goa and Damão, with title of patriarch of Oriental Indies, December 11, 1940. President of the Permanent Committee of International Eucharistic Congresses, July 13, 1953. Transferred to the titular see of Odessa with title of patriarch ad personam, December 16, 1953. Vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, December 16, 1953.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 19, 1962; received the red hat and the title of S. Prisca, March 22, 1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. Papal legate to the 4th centennial celebration of arrival of the first Catholic missionaries to Macau, November 10, 1965. Lost the right to participate in the conclave by being older than eighty years, January 1, 1971.

Death. November 29, 1976, at 15.12 pm., in Clinica Madonna di Fatima, Via Bonincontri 9, Rome, assisted by his personal physician of twenty years, Professor Pasquale Tallarico. His body was exposed in the chapel of the clinic. The funeral mass was celebrated at the patriarchal Vatican basilica on December 2 at 4 p.m. Buried, temporarily, in Campo Verano cemetery, Rome; his remains were transferred to the church of S. Antonio dei Portoghesi, Rome (1). On June 27, 1997, his remains were solemnly transferred to the parish church of Candelária in Azores, Concelho da Madalena, where he was baptized. At his death, he was the oldest member of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

Links. Biography and testament, in Portuguese, diocese de Angra; photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; photographs and biography by Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave; brief biographical entry in Os Cardeais Portugueses, in Portuguese, patriarcado de Lisboa; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; D. José da Costa Nunes: A patriarch who cared for more than souls; A case of Cesaro-Papism in Portuguese India, 1942-1953 by Teotónio R. de Sousa, Paper presented to a conference on «Mission und Macht im Wander politischer Orientierungen. Europaeische Missionsgesellschaftgen und ihre Taetigkeiten in Afrika und Asien zwischen 1800 und 1945 in politischen Spannungsfeldern³, organized by the Berlin Missionary Society in March 2003, p. 243-256.

(1) In his will he asked to be buried in that church if he died in Rome; and if he died in Portugal, in the cemetery of Horta, next to his parents.

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