Birth. August 8, 1923, Pollica, diocese of Vallo della Lucania, Italy; his family migrated to Argentina when he was a very small child.
Education. San José Seminary, La Plata.
Priesthood. Ordained, December 22, 1945, Luján. Incardinated in the diocese of Mercedes. Successively, 1945-1962, faculty member of its seminary; secretary of the diocesan curia; ecclesiastical assessor of the Council of the Catholic Youth Action; diocesan consultor; faculty member, Pontifical Catholic University Santa María de los Buenos Aires; founder of the Choir and Professorship Institute Ciudad de Mercedes.
Episcopate. Elected bishop of Nueve de Julio, February 3, 1962. Consecrated, April 8, 1962, Mercedes, by Anunciado Serafini, bishop of Mercedes, assisted by Adolfo Servando Tortolo, bishop of Catamarca, and by Raúl Francisco Primatesta, bishop of San Rafael. His episcopal motto was Ipsi gloria. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Transferred to the see of Avellaneda, August 3, 1968. Secretary general of the Latin American Episcopal Council, 1979-1982; president, 1982-1987. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Promoted to the metropolitan see of La Plata, December 18, 1985. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Buenos Aires, July 10, 1990. Ordinary for the Oriental rite faithfuls residing in Argentina without their own ordinary, November 20, 1990. President of the Episcopal Conference of Argentina, 1990-1996.Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria della Salute a Primavalle, June 28, 1991. Attended the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, December 2, 1993. On April 14, 1997, he inaugurated the Commemorative Mural to the Holocaust victims, and to those killed in the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires and the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA) attacks; the only memorial in all the world with those characteristics located within a Christian temple.
Death. February 28, 1998, of cardiac arrest, Buenos Aires. Buried in the chapel of Nuestra Señora del Carmen, in front of the altar of Nuestra Señora de Luján in the metropolitan cathedral of Buenos Aires (1).
Links. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; biography, in German, Wikipedia; biography, in Polish, Wikipedia; ceremony in the metropolitan cathedral of Buenos Aires on the 5th anniversary of his death, The International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) This is the inscription in his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:
Birth. March 8, 1932, Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala. Eldest of the three sons of René Quezada Alejos and Clemencia Toruño Lizarralde. The other two boys were José Fernando and Gerardo. He was baptized in the parish of "El Sagrario", with the names Rodolfo Ignacio de Jesús. His maternal uncle, Father Jorge Toruño, was Jesuit. His testimony influenced Rodolfo's vocation.
Education. Initial studies at Colegio de San José de los Infantes, Guatemala; then, he studied at Seminary of San José de la Montaña, San Salvador, El Salvador (philosophy); then, at the University of Innsbruck, Austria (licentiate in theology, 1959); and later, at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in canon law in 1962. He spoke Spanish, Latin, French, Italian and German.
Priesthood. Ordained, September 21, 1956, Guatemala, by Mariano Rossell y Arellano, archbishop of Guatemala. Coadjutor in the parish of the Sagrario of the metropolitan cathedral. Vice-chancellor of the archdiocese. Defender of the Matrimonial Bond in the Archdiocesan Tribunal. Assessor of Juventud Estudiantil Católica (JEC). Assessor of Acción Católica Universitaria (ACUR). University pastor. Pastor of San Miguel de Capuchinas. Rector of the Shrine of Guadalupe. Chaplain of His Holiness, August 18, 1968. Rector of the Conciliar Seminary of Santiago, Guatemala. Rector of the Mayor National Seminary of the Asunción, Guatemala. He was professor of canon law at the Salesian Theological Institute, Guatemala; of professional ethics at the School of Social Service, University of San Carlos de Guatemala; of canon law at the Faculty of Law, Rafael Landívar University, Guatemala. Academic numerary of the Academy of Geography and History of Guatemala, 1967; member correspondiente of the Academis of History of Spain, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Argentina, Venezuela and Uruguay.
Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Gadiaufala and appointed auxiliary of Zacapa, April 5, 1972. Consecrated, May 13, 1972, metropolitan cathedral of Santiago, Guatemala, by Girolamo Prigione, titular archbishop of Lauriaco, nuncio in Guatemala, assisted by Costantino Cristiano Luna Pianegonda, bishop of Zacapa, and by José Ramiro Pellecer Samayoa, titular bishop of Teglata di Proconsulari, auxiliary of Guatemala. His episcopal motto was Fortes in fide. Named coadjutor of Zacapa, with right of succession, September 11, 1975. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979. Succeeded to the see of Zacapa, February 16, 1980. Prelate of Santo Cristo de Esquipulas, June 24, 1986. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October to 30, 1987. President of the Episcopal Conference of Guatemala, 1988-1992. He played a key role in bringing to an end the civil war that raged in his country for 36 years and cost thousands of lives. Together with Bishop Juan Gerardi, the future cardinal was a member of the National Reconciliation Commission; and its president, 1987-1993. Official conciliator between the government and the guerrillas of the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unit, (1990-1994); the peace process culminated in 1996. President of the Assembly of the Civil Society, 1994. President of the Foundation Casa de la Reconciliación from 1998. Bishop Gerardi was murdered in April 1998. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Guatemala, June 19, 2001.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the title of S. Saturnino, October 21, 2003. President of the Second American Missionary Congress, Guatemala City, November 25-30, 2003. Elected president of the Episcopal Conference of Guatemala, January 31, 2004. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Participated in the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese in conformity with canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law, on October 2, 2010. The cardinal was apostolic administrator of the metropolitan see of Guatemala until the installation of his successor, Óscar Julio Vian Morales, S.D.B., until then archbishop of Los Altos, Quetzaltenango-Totonicapán, on December 4, 2010. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on March 8, 2012. He was called "El Cardenal de la Paz".
Death. June 4, 2012, at 6:50 a.m., of a post-operatory cardiac arrest, in the private hospital "Hermano Pedro", zone 11, in that city. The first mass for the repose of his soul was celebrated in the chapel of the hospital where he died. Upon learning the news of his death, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegam of condolence (1). The government of Guatemala declared three days of mourning. His body was exposed in the metropolitan cathedral of Guatemala from 6 p.m. on June 4. The funeral mass was presided by Óscar Julio Vian Morales, S.D.B., archbishop of Guatemala, in that cathedral, on Thursday June 9, 2012, at 10 a.m. The late cardinal asked for donations in his memory to the children's hospital Juan Pablo II. The body of the cardinal was buried at 1:15 p.m., in the chapel of Santiago Apóstol, patron saint of the archdiocese, in the left nave of the metropolitan cathedral of that city. The funeral took place at 10 a.m., presided by Archbishop Vian Morales, S.D.B., with the participation of four hundred priests and thousands of faithful. The homily was delivered by Bishop Álvaro Leonel Ramazzini Imeri of Huehuetenango. In attendance were President Otto Pérez Molina of Guatemala and the vice-president, Roxana Baldetti. Also present were Gudy Rivera, president of the Congress; former Presidents Álvaro Colom and Vinicio Cerezo; and former Vice-presidents Rafael Espada and Juan Francisco Reyes. After the funeral, the coffin of the cardinal was taken around Plaza de la Constitution. The cardinal used to take that walk very often. The streets were completely covered with sawdust and flower carpets. The coffin was carried on the shoulders of priests. During the procession, thousands of people packed the streets shouting "Long live the Cardinal of Peace.".
Links. Photographs and biography, in Spanish, archidiócesis de Guatemala; photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Bulletin of the Vatican Press Office:
Hondamente apenado por el fallecimiento del querido Cardenal Rodolfo Ignacio Quezada Toruño, arzobispo emérito de Guatemala, deseo hace llegar mi más sentido pésame al Pastor y a los Obispos Auxiliares, así como al Clero y los Fieles de esa Iglesia particular, como también a los Familiares del difunto purpurado, uniéndome a ellos con fervientes oraciones de sufragio para que el Señor conceda su paz a quien ha servido tan intensa y generosamente a la Iglesia durante su ministerio pastoral, como guía de la diócesis de Zacapa y prelado de Santo Cristo de Esquipulas, y después como arzobispo de esa sede metropolitana de Guatemala.
Con la fe en el msiterio pascual de Cristo que ilumina y llena de esperanza los momentos de dolor, el el recuerdo de un Pastor entregado a la misión evangelizadora, me es grato impartir de corazón a cuantos lloran tan sensible pérdida una especial Bendició Apostólica.
An analogous telegram was sent by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State.
Birth. September 22, 1902, Mucuchíes, diocese of Mérida, Venezuela. Son of Genaro Quintero y Perpetua Parra. He was baptized in the parish church of Santa Lucía de Mucuchíes, on October 31, 1902, by Fr. José de Los Santos Viloria.
Education. Seminary of Mérida, Mérida; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (doctorates in theology and canon law).
Priesthood. Ordained, August 22, 1926, Mérida, by Filippo Cortesi, titular archbishop of Sirace, nuncio in Venezuela. Pastoral ministry in archdiocese of Mérida, 1926-1929. Secretary to the archbishop of Mérida, 1929-1934. Secretary of the archdiocesan curia and vicar general of Mérida, 1929-1953.
Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Acrida and appointed coadjutor of Mérida, with right of succession, September 7, 1953. Consecrated, December 6, 1953, chapel of the Pontifical Collegio Pio Latinoamericano, Rome, by Cardinal Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, O.C.D., bishop of Sabina e Poggio Mirteto and secretary of the S.C. Consistorial, assisted by Luigi Centoz, titular archbishop of Edessa di Osroene, former nuncio in Venezuela, and by Giuseppe Misuraca, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Capadocia, former nuncio in Venezuela. His episcopal motto was Non ministrari sed ministrare. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Caracas, August 31, 1960.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of January 16, 1961; received the red hat and the title of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio al Monte Celio, January 19, 1961. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969. President of the Episcopal Conference of Venezuela. Resigned the administration of the archdiocese, September 21, 1972. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Resigned the pastoral government of archdiocese, May 24, 1980. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, September 22, 1982. He was the first Venezuelan cardinal.
Death. July 8, 1984, Caracas. The funeral was celebrated on July 11, 1984 in the metropolitan cathedral of Caracas. His remains were buried in the chapel of Our Lady of El Pilar, which is in the right nave of that cathedral. All the bishops and archbishops of Caracas, including Cardinals José Alí Lebrún Moratinos and Antonio Ignacio Velasco García, S.D.B., are buried there.
Bibliography. Felice Cardot, Carlos. La labor histórica y humanística del cardenal Quintero. Caracas : Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia, Comisión de Historia, Comité Orígenes de la Emancipación, 1976. (Serie Opúsculos ; no. 18); Maradi Donato, Constantino. El cardenal Quintero. Caracas: Trípode, 1985.
Link. His photograph and arms, Arladica Vaticana.
Birth. January 21, 1900, San Pedro de Maceda, diocese of Orense, Spain.
Education. Conciliar Seminary of Orense, Orense; Pontifical University of Santiago de Compostela, Compostela; Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome.
Priesthood. Ordained, June 10, 1922, Compostela. Further studies, 1922-1925. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Orense; faculty member and spiritual advisor of its seminary, 1925-1942. Lectoral canon the cathedral chapter of Valladolid, 1942; pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Valladolid, 1942-1945; faculty member and spiritual advisor of the Serninary of Valladolid, 1942-1945.
Episcopate. Elected bishop of Mondoñedo, November 24, 1945. Consecrated, March 24, 1946, shrine of Gran Promesa del Sagrado Corazón, Valladolid, by Antonio García y García, archbishop of Valladolid, assisted by Francisco Blanco Nájera, titular bishop of Orense, and by José Soutop Vizoso, titular bishop of Elusa, auxiliary of Santiago de Compostela. His episcopal motto was Omnia in charitate fiant. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Santiago de Compostela, June 4, 1949.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of January 12, 1953; received the red hat, October 29, 1953, together with new, together with new Cardinals Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Gaetano Cicognani, Pietro Ciriaci and Benjamín de Arriba y Castro, in a special consistory that lasted fifteen minutes, and also the title of S. Agostino. Papal legate to the Marian Congress, Manila, Philippines, December 1 to 5, 1954. Presided over the Compostelan Holy Years of 1954, 1965, and 1971. Participated in the conclave of 1958, which elected Pope John XXIII. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. First president of the Spanish Episcopal Conference, 1966-1969. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969.
Death. December 7, 1971, of acute renal failure, after suffering from the flu for a few days, at Hospital San Pedro of Madrid, assisted by the apostolic nuncio, Archbishop Luigi Dadaglio; his auxiliary bishop, José Cerviño Cerviño; and the secretary of the Spanish Episcopal Conference. José Guerra Campos. Buried at Pórtico de la Gloira in the metropolitan cathedral of Santiago de Compostela (1).
Bibliography. Echeverría, Lamberto de. Episcopologio español contemporáneo, 1868-1985 : datos biográficos y genealogía espiritual de los 585 obispos nacidos o consagrados en España entre el 1 de enero de 1868 y el 31 de diciembre de 1985 . Salamanca : Universidad de Salamanca, 1986. (Acta Salmanticensia; Derecho; 45), p. 106; Gil, Cesáreo. Don Fernando Quiroga : el Cardenal de Galicia : primer presidente de la C.E.E. Madrid : Sociedad de Educación Atenas,1993.
Link. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) This is the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:
©1998-2013 Salvador Miranda.