The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
(1903-2011)
T

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TABERA ARAOZ, C.M.F., Arturo
(1903-1975)

Birth. October 29, 1903, Barco de Ávila, diocese of Ávila, Spain. His parents were Obdulio Tabera and Emilia Araoz.

Education. Joined the Congregation of Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, May 1915, Don Benito, Badajoz; professed in the Novitiate of Jerez de los Caballeros on August 15, 1920; continued his studies at Aguas Santas, Jerez de los Caballeros, studying philosophy for three years; and then at the Theologate of Zafra, where he studied theology for five years; chosen by his superior to continue his studies in Rome, he was sent to the Eternal City in the summer of 1928; rceived the subdiaconate on November 25, 1928; and the diaconate on the following December 2. He studied at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law in 1930; among his professors was Father Arcadio Larraona, C.M.F., future cardinal.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 22, 1928, by Cardinal Basilio Pompilj, vicar general of His Holiness for Rome, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome. Further studies, 1929-1930. From 1929 until 1933, he collaborated with Commentarium pro religiosis, particularly with a serie of studies on the theme of the demission of the religious. Successively, 1930-1946, faculty member of Theological School of Zafra, Badajoz. In 1933, together with Father Larraona, attended the International Congress of Roman Law celebrated in Bologna and Rome on the occasion of the 14th centennial of the publication of the Pandoctas by Emperor Justinian in 533. Sub-director of the journal Ilustración del Clero, Madrid, 1935. From 1940, he was apostolic visitor to the Congregation of Santo Ángel. Secretary-redactor of the journal Commemoratium pro religiosis, Rome. Secretary of the prefecture of studies of his congregation. Founder of the journal Vida religiosa, Rome, 1944. Vice-postulator of the cause of beatification of Cardinal Marcelo Spínola Maestre, archbishop of Sevilla. Secretary of the general prefecture of studies of his congregation.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Lirbe and appointed apostolic administrator of Barbastro, Spain, February 16, 1946. Consecrated, May 5, 1946, church of San Francisco el Grande, Madrid, by Leopoldo Eijo y Garay, bishop of Madrid, patriarch of the West Indies, assisted by Enrique Delgado y Gómez, bishop of Almería, and by Santos Moro Briz, bishop of Ávila. His episcopal motto was Donec formetur Christus in vibos. Took possession of the see on June 16, 1946. Delegate of Spain to the First Bolivarian Eucharistic Congress celebrated in Cali, Colombia, from January 23 to 29, 1949. On February 2, 1950, when the apostolic administration of Barbastro was elevated to the rank of diocese, he became its first bishop. Transferred to the new diocese of Albacete, May 13, 1950. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Pamplona, July 23, 1968. Took possession of the see on August 14, 1968.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of April 28, 1969; received the red biretta and the title of S. Pietro in Montorio, April 30, 1969. Named prefect of the S.C. for Divine Worship on February 20, 1971. Attended the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. Papal legate to the 8th centennial celebration of Saint Dominic's birth, Bologna, Italy, October 25, 1971. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Pamplona, December 4, 1971. Special papal envoy to the 8th National Eucharistic Congress, Valencia, Spain, May 22 to 28, 1972. Prefect of the S.C. for Religious, September 8, 1973. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974.

Death. June 13, 1975, at 12:06 p.m., of a heart attack, after having received the last sacraments, at clinica Pio XI, Rome. His body was exposed in the chapel of the Claretianum, near the clinic where he had died. The funeral took place on the following June 16, in the transept of Ss. Processo e Martiniano, in the patriarchal Vatican basilica. The mass was celebrated by Paul Augustine Mayer, O.S.B., titular archbishop of Satriano, secretary of the S.C. for Religious and Secular Institutes. At the end of the ceremony, Cardinal Lugi Traglia, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, imparted the final absolution and said the final prayers. He was buried in the basilica of Sacred Heart of Mary, Piazza Euclide, Rome.

Bibliography. Echeverría, Lamberto de. Episcopologio español contemporáneo, 1868-1985 : datos biográficos y genealogía espiritual de los 585 obispos nacidos o consagrados en España entre el 1 de enero de 1868 y el 31 de diciembre de 1985 . Salamanca : Universidad de Salamanca, 1986. (Acta Salmanticensia; Derecho; 45), p. 107; Mesa, Carlos E. Galería de prelados claretianos. Medellín : Editorial Zuluaga, 1985, p. 465-522.

Link. Photograph and portrait, Araldica Vaticana.

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TACCI, Giovanni
(1863-1928)

Birth. November 12, 1863, Mogliano, archdiocese of Fermo, Papal States (now Italy). From a noble family. Son of Professor Luigi Tacci and Maria Monti Guarnieri. Received the sacrament of confirmation, December 22, 1871. His last name is also listed as Tacci Porcelli.

Education. Received his initial education from his father; then, he was sent to the Seminary of Tolentino, where he studied until 1881; later, he attended the Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome, where he obtained doctorates in theology in 1887; and in utroque iure, both canon and civil law in 1889; on November 12, 1885, he entered the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles, Rome, where he studied diplomacy.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 18, 1886, Fermo (1). Pastoral ministry in Fermo and Rome, 1886-1895. Domestic prelate of His Holiness. Abbreviatore di parco maggiore. Dean of the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles. Member of the Commission of Pontifical Schools. Ecclesiasticus of several monasteries.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Città della Pieve, March 18, 1895. Consecrated, May 5, 1895, cathedral of Fermo, by Cardinal Amilcare Malagola, archbishop of Fermo, assisted by Luigi Bonetti, bishop of Montalto, and by Roberto Papiri, bishop of Macerata e Tolentino. Apostolic delegate in Constantinople, for Eastern-rite Catholics, and patriarch vicar for Latin-rite Catholics, December 19, 1904. Promoted to the titular archbishop of Nicea, retaining the administration of the diocese of Città della Pieve ad beneplacitum of His Holiness and the Apostolic See, March 10, 1905 (2). Nuncio in Belgium, December 31, 1907. Internuncio in Holland, March 18, 1911. Prefect of the Pontifical Domus, December 8, 1916. Prefect of the Sacred Apostolic Palace, October 30, 1918.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 13, 1921; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria in Trastevere, June 16, 1921. Ascribed to the SS. CC. of the Council, Ceremonial, Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, Oriental Church (June 16, 1921), and Propaganda Fide (September 18, 1922). Protector of the Sisters of the Christian Schools of Mercy of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte (July 5, 1921); of the Sisters of Christian Education (July 14, 1921); of the Sisters of the Providence of Portieux (August 8, 1921); and of the Pious Mothers of Ovada (April 20, 1923). Papal legate to the bicentennial celebration of the coronation of Our Lady of Mercy, Macerata, Italy, September 4, 1921. Participated in the conclave of 1922, which elected Pope Pius XI. Secretary of the S.C. for the Oriental Church, August 8, 1922 to January 29, 1927. On September 10, 1922, he and Cardinal Vittorio Amedeo Ranuzzi de' Bianchi became the first cardinals to fly; boarding a Caproni machine flown by Colonel Armando Armani, they went to Loreto in order to attend a meeting in honor of Our Lady of Loreto, patroness of aviators. Papal legate to the celebration in honor of Sainte-Marie-Madeleine Postel, Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, Coutances, France, July 22, 1925.

Death. June 30, 1928, Rome. Buried in the sepulchre of the S.C. for the Propagation of the Faith, Campo Verano cemetery, Rome.

Bibliography. Del Re, Niccolò. "Giovanni Tacci" in La Sacra Congregazione per le Chiese Orientali. Nel cinquantesimo della fondazione (1917-1967). Grottaferrata, Roma : Tipografia Italo-Orientale "San Nilo", 1969, p. 84-86; "Em. Tacci, Jean", in "Liste des cardinaux par order alphabétique." Annuaire Pontifical Catholique de 1924. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1924, p. 125; Pięta, Zenonem. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen IX (1903-1922). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 2002, pp. 19, 24 and 270; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, p. 207.

Link. His episcopal lineage by Charles N. Bransom, Jr., in English, Apostolic Succession in the Roman Catholic Church; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is according to Del Re, "Giovanni Tacci" in La Sacra Congregazione per le Chiese Orientali. Nel cinquantesimo della fondazione (1917-1967), p. 85; and Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 207. "Em. Tacci, Jean", in "Liste des cardinaux par order alphabétique." Annuaire Pontifical Catholique de 1924, p. 125, says that he was ordained on September 19, 1886.
(2) This is according to Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IX, 270; the same source, VIII, 207, indicates that he was promoted on December 17, 1904.


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TAGUCHI, Paul Yashigoro
(1902-1978)

Birth. July 20, 1902, Shittsu, archdiocese of Nagasaki, Japan.

Education. Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide," Rome; Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 22, 1928, Rome. Further studies, 1928-1931. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Tōkyō and faculty member of its seminary, 1931-1936. Secretary to the apostolic delegate in Japan, 1936-1940. Apostolic administrator of diocese of the Osaka, November 30, 1940.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Osaka, November 25, 1941. Consecrated, December 14, 1941, cathedral of Tōkyō, by Paolo Marella, titular archbishop of Doclea, apostolic delegate in Japan, assisted by Peter Tatsuo Doi, archbishop of Tōkyō, and by John Peter Francis Ross, titular bishop of Tabala, apostolic vicar of Hiroshima. Apostolic administrator of the prefecture apostolic of Shikoku, 1941-1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Promoted to archbishop of Osaka when that see was elevated to the metropolitan rank, July 24, 1969. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969. President of the Episcopal Conference of Japan, 1970-1978. Attended the First Asian Episcopal Conference, Manila, Philippines, 1971. Attended the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 5, 1973; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria in Via, March 5, 1973. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974.

Death. February 23, 1978, Osaka. Buried, metropolitan cathedral, Osaka.

Link. His photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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TAOFINU'U, S.M., Pio
(1923-2006)

Birth. December 8 (1), 1923, Falealupo, apostolic vicariate of Archipelago of Navigators (2), Samoan Archipelago. Of indigenous parents. Son of Solomon Taofinu'u and Josefina Mau. He was the first Polynesian bishop and cardinal.

Education. Seminary of Apia, Apia; Seminary of Lano, Island of Wallis. Joined the Society of Mary, 1960; Marist Scholasticate, Greenmeadows, New Zealand; Marist Novitiate, New York.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 8, 1954, Apia, by John Baptist Dieter, S.M., titular bishop of Ierafi and vicar apostolic of Navigators' Archipelago. Pastoral ministry in the apostolic vicariate of Archipelago of Navigators, later Islands of Samoa and Tokelau, 1954-1964. Vicar general of the apostolic vicariate of the Islands of Samoa and Tokelau, 1964-1966; vicar general of the diocese of Apia, 1966-1967; vicar capitular, 1967-1968.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Apia, January 11, 1968. Consecrated, May 29, 1968, Apia, by George Hamilton Pearce, S.M., archbishop of Suva, assisted by John Hubert Macey Rodgers, S. M., bishop of Tonga, and by Brian Patrick Ashby, bishop of Christchurch. His episcopal motto was Tuu tuu i le loloto.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 5, 1973; received the red biretta and the title of S. Onofrio, March 5, 1973. See changed name to Apia or Samoa and Tokelau, August 10, 1974; and to Samoa and Tokelau, December 3, 1975. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 18, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Samoa-Apia and Tokelau, when the see was elevated to that rank, and named apostolic administrator sede vacante et ad nutum Sanctae Sedis of Samoa-Pago Pago and ecclesiastical superior of the mission sui iuris of Funafutina, Tuvalu, September 10, 1982. Resigned the post of superior, September 1985. Special papal envoy to the celebrations in honor of St. Peter Claver, patron saint of Oceania, commemorating the 150th anniversary of the evangelization in Wallis and Futuna archipelago, Wallis, Polynesia, June 12-18, 1988. The see was renamed Samoa-Apia, June 26, 1992. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Oceania, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998; president delegate. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, November 16, 2002. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, December 8, 2003. He was largely responsible for the inculturation of the celebration of the mass incorporating traditions such as the presentation of sua, the ifoga and presentation of ulas during eucharist celebrations. He was also very effective in talking to young men and women about taking up religious vocations.

Death. January 19, 2006, Apia. He had had heart trouble and a long history of diabetes and had been ill for several years. The cardinal's death was announced during a session of Parliament in Samoa, while in neighboring American Samoa a moment of silence was observed in the Senate of the U.S. territory. American Samoa Governor Togiola Tulafono said he was deeply saddened by the death. The funeral took place on January 28, 2006, in Apia; it was attended by local and regional representatives, including the president of the Pacific Bishops Conference of Churches, Bishop Anthony Apuron of Guam; Bishop John Quinn Weitzel, from the neighboring archdiocese of Pago Pago, led his people from American Samoa at the funeral service. He was buried at a side-wing in the metropolitan cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, in Mulivai village, Apia, making him the first Samoan Catholic leader to be buried there.

Bibliography. Code, Bernard. American Bishops 1964-1970. St. Louis : Wexford Press, 1970, p. 20.

Link. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) From 1969 until 1998, Annuario Pontificio (Vatican City : Libreria Editrice Vaticana), listed his date of birth as December 9, 1923.
(2) The apostolic vicariate of Arcipelago dei Navigatori, established on August 20, 1850, became the apostolic vicariate of the Islands of Samoa and Tokelau on January 4, 1957; the name was changed to Apia on June 21, 1966 when it became a diocese.
(2) This is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

IN LOVING MEMORY OF
His Eminence Cardinal
Pius Taofinu'u
S.M , D.D.
1923 - 2006

Born: 8th December 1923
Priestly Ordination: 8th December 1954
First Polynesian Bishop
Episcopal Ordination: May 29th 1968
First Polynesian Cardinal
Elevated to the Cardinalite and Prince
of the Catholic Church
5th March 1973
Death: 19th January 2006

Requiescat in Pace


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TAPPOUNI, Ignace-Gabriel I
(1879-1968)

Birth. November 3, 1879, Mossul, Ottoman Empire (now Iraq). From an old Syrian Christian family, which in the late 18th century had entered the Syrian union with Rome. His baptismal name was Abdalahad Leo.

Education. Studied at the Dominican Syro-Chaldean Seminary, Mossul, from 1892 until 1902.

Priesthood. Ordained, November 3 (or 9), 1902, Mossul. Took the name Dominique. Faculty member of the Syro-Chaldean Dominican Seminary, 1902-1908. Secretary of the apostolic delegation in Mesopotamia, 1908-1912.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Danaba and appointed patriarchal vicar in Mardin, September 14, 1912. Consecrated, January 19, 1913, Beirut, Lebanon, by Ignace-Denis Rahmani, patriarch of Antioch of the Syrians. Took the name Théophile-Gabriel. Transferred to the titular see of Batne, January 19, 1913, because "Danaba" has an undignified quality in Arabic ears. In 1918, because of the difficulties of the Christians in parts of the Ottoman Empire, Bishop Tappouni was arrested by the Turkish authorities and accused of treason; he was court-martialed without a regular trial, and imprisoned in Aleppo under threat of execution. Angelo Maria Dolci, titular archbishopric of Gerapoli, apostolic delegate in Istanbul, obtained a stay of execution; and Empress Zita of Austria, upon the request of Pope Benedict XV, arranged for the Austrian ambassador to Turkey to also intervene and the bishop was released on October 7 of that year, at the time that the English and French troops were occupying Syria. In the following years, he worked tirelessly helping the survivors of the massacres. Vicar in Aleppo, Syria, 1919. Promoted to the see of Aleppo of the Syrians, February 24, 1921. Apostolic administrator of the Syrian patriarchate of Antioch, May 1929. He was unanimously elected patriarch of Antioch by the Syrian synod, June 24, 1929; he was enthroned in the Catholic Syrian patriarchal cathedral in Beirut on the following June 30; took the name Ignace-Gabriel; received papal confirmation, July 15, 1929.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 16, 1935; received the red hat and the title of Ss. XII Apostoli, December 19, 1935. Participated in the conclave of 1939, which elected Pope Pius XII. He built a new seminary and a summer residence at Sharfeh, north of Beirut; he also began the construction of a new cathedral in Beirut, but died before it was finished. He actively worked to assure the rights of the Christian minorities in predominantly Muslim Syria. Participated in the conclave of 1958, which elected Pope John XXIII. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965; he was one of the ten members (and the only Oriental one) of its board of presidency during the entire duration of the council. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. According to the motu proprio Ad purpuratorum patrum, February 11, 1965, which stipulated that the cardinal patriarchs would not belong to the clergy of Rome and consequently no title or deaconry should be assigned to them, he left his title of Ss. XII Apostoli. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967.

Death. January 29, 1968, Beirut. Buried in the crypt of the patriarchs in the monastery in Charfeh, Daroun, Lebanon.

Links. His photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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TARDINI, Domenico
(1888-1961)

Birth. February 29, 1888, at 8:25 p.m., in Via dei Sediari n.85, rione S. Eustachio, Rome, Italy. Son of Cesare Tardini and Giulia Malerbini; she died when Domenico was almost four years old; and Cesare died on July 16, 1910. He was baptized in the parish of S. Eustachio on March 4, 1888; received the name Domenico Michele Giuseppe Carlo; his godfather was Pietro Malerbini, maternal uncle; and his godmother was Maria Santi.

Education. Entered the Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome, on February 11, 1903, as an intern student; he was a classmate of Alfredo Ottaviani, future cardinal. Received the first ecclesiastical tonsure on May 28, 1904. Obtained the diploma di laurea in philosophy at La Sapienza University, Rome, on July 7, 1908. Received the first two minor orders, ostiary and lector, on April 11, 1908; received the other two minor orders, exorcist and acolyte, on April 26, 1910. Obtained a licentiate in sacred theology on June 26, 1911. Received the subdiaconate on September 23, 1911; and the diaconate on March 23, 1912. Obtained the diploma di laurea in sacred theology at the Pontifical Athenaeum of the Roman Seminary on July 2, 1912.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 20, 1912, Rome, by Cardinal Pietro Respighi, vicar of Rome; celebrated his first mass in the chapel of the summer seminary of Roccantica. Named professor of theoretical liturgy at the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide," October 21, 1912; professor of sacramental theology on October 27, 1913. Director of the Congregation of the Daughters of Mary, Porta Furba, Rome, August 16, 1913. Faculty member of the Pontifical Roman Seminary, dogmatic and sacramental theology, November 22, 1913. Named professor of sacramental theology at the Major Pontifical Roman Seminary on October 12, 1917. On June 1, 1919, in his capacity of assistant military chaplain, he received the Medaglia di benemerenza by the military vicar, Bishop Angelo Bartolomasi. Named member of the central council for Italy of the Pia Opera for the Propagation of the Faith, on November 16, 1919. Member of the Sacræ Liturgiæ Academia, with the charge of censor, November 17, 1919. Named deputy in the Congregation of the Ecclesiastical Subsidy, January 2, 1920. Member of the diocesan commission for the Missionary Union of the Clergy of Rome, January 19, 1920. Named deputy of the Venerable Archconfraternity of the Christian Doctrine and member of the Diocesan Catechetical Commission of Rome, March 23, 1920. Member of Collegium Cultorum Martyrum, May 18, 1920. On November 16, 1920, he was named director of "Scuola interparrochiale di Religione S. Giovanni Battista de la Salle", erected in the Institute "De Merode" of the Catechetical Commission, in execution of the deliberations of the first diocesan congress. Consultor of the S.C. of the Discipline of the Sacraments, December 9, 1920. Named chamberlain d'onore in abito paonazzo on May 31, 1921. Minutant of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, July 26, 1921. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, March 15, 1922. Member of the national council for Italy of the Pontifical Work for the Propagation of the Faith, January 19, 1923. Central ecclesiastical assistant of the Union of Men of the Catholic Action, April 25, 1923. Member of the commission charged with the redaction of the Catechism for all the Catholic Church.

He was made participant of the spiritual benefices of the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) on July 14, 1923. Named ecclesiastical assistant of the Italian Catholic Youth Organization, November 7, 1923; he retained temporarily the post of ecclesiastical assistant of the Union of Men of the Catholic Action. Member of the Pontifical Roman Academy of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, January 26, 1926. Undersecretary of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, June 7, 1929. Member of the committee for the cause of beatification and canonization of the Servant of God Canon Luigi Oreste Borgia, priest of the Roman clergy, June 18, 1929. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, August 21, 1929. On December 14, 1929, the Vatican citizenship was conferred on him in virtue of his office, with authorization to permanently reside in the State of Vatican City. Member of the Pontifical Roman Academy of S. Tommaso d'Aquino, 9132. Member of the mission accompanying Cardinal Lorenzo Lauri, legate to the International Eucharistic Congress in Dublin, Ireland, June 22 to 26, 1932. Consultor of the S.C. for the Oriental Church, in charge of the Commission pro Russia, part of that congregation, March 31, 1934. Substitute of the Secretariat of State and secretary of the Cipher, December 19, 1935 (1). Consultor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office, January 6, 1936. Consultor of the S.C. Consistorial, February 19, 1936. Apostolic protonotary ad instar participantium, July 2, 1937. Secretary of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs and president of the Pontifical Commission pro Russia, December 16, 1937. Secretary of the Cardinalitial Commission presiding the Special Administration of the Holy See, March 5, 1939. In Fall 1946, he started his work at Institute Villa Nazareth. Member of the central committee for the 1950 Jubilee Year, June 28, 1948. Pro-Secretary of State for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, November 29, 1952 until October 9, 1958. In the consistorial allocution of January 12, 1953, Pope Pius XII announced that his two most immediate collaborators (Monsignors Domenico Tardini and Giovanni Battista Montini) had declined the promotion to the cardinalate. By motu proprio of April 22, 1953, Pope Pius XII granted him precedence over bishops as well as the privilege to hear confessions in all the world; preach; celebrate mass on Holy Thursday and three masses on Christmas Eve; to bless rosaries and sacred objects with the simple sign of the cross; and to use portable altars. Honorary member of the Pontifical Roman Academy of Archeology, March 14, 1955. Honorary member of the Pontifical Roman Academy of Theology, June 5, 1956. Regent of the Secretariat of State, October 9, 1958. Pro-secretary of State, October 29, 1958. Honorary member of the International Marian Academy, December 8, 1959. Secretary of State and prefect of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, November 17, 1958 until his death. He was a great scholar of Dante Alighieri, Alessandro Manzoni and Gioacchino Belli; as well as a great devotee of Saint Thérése of Lisieux.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Laodiciea di Siria, December 14, 1958.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 15, 1958; received the red hat and the title of S. Apollinare, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, December 18, 1958. Consecrated, December 27, 1958, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Girolamo Bartolomeo Bortignon, O.F.M.Cap., bishop of Padua, and by Gioacchino Muccin, bishop of Feltre e Belluno. In the same ceremony were consecrated future Cardinals Carlo Grano, titular archbishop of Tessalonica, nuncio in Italy; Angelo Dell'Acqua, titular archbishop of Chalcedonia and substitute of the Secretariat of State; Albino Luciani, bishop of Vittorio Veneto, future Pope John Paul I; Giuseppe Ferretto, titular archbishop of Sardica, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial; and Mario Casariego y Acevedo, C.R.S., titular bishop of Pudenziana, auxiliary of Guatemala. His episcopal motto was Festina Domine in auxilium meum. President of the preparatory commission of the Ecumenical Vatican Council, May 17, 1959. Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica and prefect of the S.C. of the Fabric of Saint Peter's basilica, November 14, 1959. Named among the cardinal members of the Commission for the Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law, December 18, 1959. Honorary member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, March 19, 1960.

Death. Sunday July 30, 1961, of a massive heart attack, Rome; Pope John XXIII announced the news of his death at noon, after the recitation of the Angelus from the window of his Vatican apartment. The body was exposed in the hall of the Congregations in the official apartment of the secretary of State. The funeral mass was celebrated on Wednesday August 2, 1961, at 10 a.m., at the patriarchal Vatican basilica by Antonio Samorè, titular archbishop of Tirnovo, secretary of the S.C. for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, in the presence of the pope and twenty five cardinals; at the end of the rite, the pope imparted the final absolution. In the afternoon, the body of the late cardinal was transported to the Carmelite monastery, Vetralla, Viterbo, where it was buried in a vault under the pavement of the sanctuary of the church, according to his will. Later, Cardinal Samorè had the remains of Cardinal Tardini exhumed and placed in a small box in the same vault where they rested in order to make room for himself.

Bibliography. Casula, Carlo Felice. Domenico Tardini (1888-1961). L'azione della S. Sede fra le due guerre. Roma : Studium, 1988. (Coscienza. Studi ; 18); Nicolini, Giulio. Il cardinale Domenico Tardini. Padova: EMP, 1980.

Links. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; biography, in French, Wikipedia; photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cinquant'anni fa, il 30 luglio 1961, moriva il cardinale Domenico Tardini, segretario di Stato di Giovanni XXIII, in Italian, L'Osservatore Romano, Anno CLI n. 174 (45.819), sabato 30 luglio 2011, pagina 5; Il braccio destro del Papa buono by Filippo Rizzi, in Italian, Avvenire, 29 luglio 2011; Fondazione Comunità Domenico Tardini, in English, Conferenza Collegi universitari legalmente riconosciuti.

(1) He was succeeded in these posts by Monsignor Giovanni Battista Montini, future Pope Paul VI, on December 13, 1937, when he became secretary of the S.C. for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs.


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TAURAN, Jean-Louis
(1943-

Birth. April 5, 1943, Bordeaux, France. His baptismal name is Louis-Pierre. He received sacrament of confirmation on June 5, 1955, from Paul-Marie-André Richaud, archbishop of Bordeaux, future cardinal.

Education. Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (licentiates in philosophy and theology; and doctorate in canon law, 1973); Catholic Institute, Toulouse; Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome. Besides his native French, he speaks Spanish, English and Italian.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 20, 1969, Bordeaux, by Marius Maziers, archbishop of Bordeaux. Parish pastor in the archdiocese of Bourdeaux. Entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See in 1975. Secretary in the nunciature in the Dominican Republic, 1975-1978. Secretary in the nunciature in Lebanon, 1979-1983. Staff member in the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church from July 1983. Participated in special missions in Haiti, 1984; Beirut and Damascus, 1986. Member of the Holy See delegation to the meetings of the Conference on European Security and Cooperation; Conference on Disarmament, Stockholm, Sweden; Cultural Forum, Budapest, Hungary, and its successive meetings in Vienna.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Telepte and appointed secretary of the Secretariat of State for the Relations with the States, December 1, 1990. Consecrated, January 6, 1991, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Giovanni Battista Re, titular archbishop of Vescovio, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Justin Francis Rigali, titular archbishop of Bolsena, secretary of the Congregation for Bishops. His episcopal motto is Veritate et Caritate. In the same ceremony were consecrated future Cardinals Vinko Puljić, Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, of the Fathers of Schönstatt, and Julián Herranz Casado.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Apollinare alle Terme Neroniane-Alessandrine, October 21, 2003. Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church, November 24, 2003. Took part, as representative of the pope, in the inauguration of the new Holocaust History Museum at Yad Vashem Mausoleum, Jerusalem, on March 15, 2005. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Special papal envoy to the central celebrations of the Extraordinary Jubilee Year of the diocese of Le Puy-en-Velay, France, that took place on May 29, 2005 in the cathedral basilica of Notre Dame du Puy. Attended the Tenth General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; by papal appointment. Named president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialog on June 25, 2007; assumed the post on September 1, 2007. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Special papal envoy to the conclusive ceremonies of the Pauline Year observed on June 29, 2009, in Turkey. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". Special papal envoy to celebration of the millennium of the Abbey of Saint-Pierre de Solesmes, France, which took place on October 12, 2010. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for the Middle East of the Synod of Bishops, October 10 to 24, 2010, Vatican City; elected member of the Special Council for the Middle East of the Secretariat General of the Synod of Bishops, October 23, 2010. On November 23, 2010, he received a doctorate honoris causa from the Institut Catholique de Paris. Confirmed by Pope Benedict XVI in the office of cardinal proto deacon in the consistory of February 21, 2011. Several years ago, he began to suffer from what was diagnosed as Parkinson's disease. On June 19, 2012, he was confirmed for five years as president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. As cardinal protodeacon, he announced the election of the new pope and his papal name. He imposed the pallium on the new pope at the inauguration of the Petrine ministry of the pontiff on March 19, 2013. On April 15, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the celebrations of the fourth centennial of the arrival of the icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Budslau, Belarus, which took place July 5 and 6, 2013, in the National Shrine that is in the territory of the archdiocese of Minsk-Mohilev. On June 26, 2013, the pope appointed him member of the Pontifical Commission concerning the Institute for the Works of Religion (Vatican Bank). On August 24, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the celebrations of the first centennial of the archdiocese of Lille, France, which took place on October 26 and 27, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. On January 15, 2014, he was named member, for the next quiquennium, of the Commission of Cardinals overseeing the Institute for the Works of Religion (IOR). Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches for another quinquennium on February 19, 2014. On March 15, 2014, he was named special papal envoy to the consecration of the Shrine of Saint Augustine of Hippo in Annaba (once known as Hippo Regius), Algeria, recently restored, programmed for May 2, 2014, in the centennial of its elevation to the rank of basilica. On March 29, 2014, he was confirmed as president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialog and as member of the Pontifical Council for Culture.

Bibliography. Jore, Alexander. Épiscopologe Français de 1592 à 1973. Mis à jour et continué jusqu'en 2004. Complément de l'article "France" du Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastiques t. XVIII, colonnes 161 à 532. Pro-Manuscripto, 25 - III- 2004, no. 3319.

Links. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana; Aver visto il Papa che prega, Appunti e riflessioni del cardinale Jean-Louis Tauran, presidente del Pontificio Consiglio per il Dialogo interreligioso, in Italian, (Testo raccolto da Giovanni Cubeddu) 30 Giorni, tratto dal n. 05 - 2012; Le cardinal Tauran prend la défense de la jeune Pakistanaise accusée de blasphème, La Croix, 25/8/12 - 14 H 32; Cardinal Tauran in charge of pronouncing "Habemus Papam", video, Rome Reports, 2013-03-06 17:06:48; Cardenal anuncis el "­Habemus Papam!" luchando contra el Parkinson, ACI, 21 Mar. 13 / 12:21 pm.


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TECCHI, Scipione
(1854-1915)

Birth. June 27 (1), 1854, Rome, Italy.

Education. Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome (doctorates in theology and canon law).

Priesthood. Ordained, December 23, 1876, Rome. Pastoral ministry in diocese of Rome, 1877-1908; under the direction of the Servant of God Vincenzo Anivitti and Canon Luigi Evangelisti, he was trained in the church of S. Maria della Pace in the performance of the sacred ministry, especially in confession, in which he assiduously persevered until his multiple charges prevented him from practicing it. Substitute of the secretary of the Commission pro eligendis episcopis. Scriptor of the Apostolic penitentiary. Pro-synodal examiner of the diocese of Porto e Santa Rufina. Chargé of ecclesiastical power of the church of S. Maria della Pace, Rome, January 6, 1880. Privy chamberlain supernumerary December 22, 1893. Dean of the beneficiaries of the basilica of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, Rome. Coadjutor, with future succession, of the substitute of the Uditore Santissimo and of the consistory. Secretary of the Uditore Santissimo. Beneficiary coadjutor of the chapter of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, 1899. Canon coadjutor of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, March 9, 1900. Domestic prelate, May 6, 1901. Protonotary apostolic ad instar participantium, September 27, 1901. Canon of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, August 27, 1903. Abbreviatore di parco maggiore supernumerario, November 13, 1904. Counselor of the S.C. of Rites, September 12, 1906. Assessor of the S.C. Consistorial and secretary of the Sacred College of Cardinals, October 24, 1908.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 25, 1914; received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica, May 28, 1914. Participated in the conclave of 1914, which elected Pope Benedict XV. Named pro-prefect of the S.C. of Rites, November 8, 1914.

Death. February 7, 1915, Rome (2). The funeral took place in the church of S. Camillo, via Piemonte, Rome; the mass was celebrated by Pietro La Fontaine, titular bishop of Caristo, secretary of the S.C. of Rites and vicar of the archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica; ten cardinals were in attendance: Pietro Gasparri, Basilio Pompilj, Gennaro Granito Pigantelli di Belmonte, Antonio Vico, Domenico Serafini, Louis Billot, S.J., Gaetano Bisleti, Filippo Giustini, Michele Lega and Aidan Gasquet, O.S.B. After the mass, Cardinal Vincenzo Vannutelli, bishop of Palestrina, datary of His Holiness, imparted the final absolution. The remains of the cardinal were buried in the tomb of the Tabanelli family in Campo Verano cemetery, Rome; the tomb of that distinguished family was offered by Comm. Edoardo Tabanelli, gentiluomo of the late cardinal.

Bibliography. Cardinali defunti." Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1922, Città del Vaticano : Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1921, p. 63; Daniel, Charles ; Paul-Marie Baumgarten ; Antoine de Waal. Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église. Paris : Plon, 1900, p. 684; L'Osservatore Romano [electronic resource]. Città del Vaticano : L'Osservatore Romano, LV, n. 38 (February 8, 1915), p. 3; LV, n. 40 (February 9, 1915), p. 3; and LV, n. 41 (February 10, 1915), p. 3; Pięta, Zenonem. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen IX (1903-1922). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 2002, pp. 13 and 26.

Link. Photographs, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is according to "Cardinali defunti." Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1922, p. 63; Daniel, Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église, p. 684, indicates that he was born on June 26, 1854.
(2) This is according to Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1922, p. 63. Pięta, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IX, 13, says that he died on January 22, 1915.


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TEDESCHINI, Federico
(1873-1959)

Birth. October 12, 1873, Antrodoco, diocese of Rieti, Italy. Nephew of Cardinal Giuseppe D'Annibale (1889) on his mother's side.

Education. Seminary of Rieti, Rieti; Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 25, 1896, Rieti. Faculty member of the Seminary of Rieti and canon theologian of the cathedral chapter, 1896-1901. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, November 6, 1903. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, March 18, 1908. Chancellor of the Secretariat of Briefs, October 20, 1908. Substitute of the Secretariat of State and secretary of ciphering, September 24, 1914. Nuncio in Spain, March 31, 1921.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Lepanto, April 30, 1921. Consecrated, May 5, 1921, Sistine chapel, at the Vatican, by Pope Benedict XV, assisted by Giovanni Battista Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, titular archbishop of Tebe, privy almoner of His Holiness, and by Agostino Zampini, O.S.A., titular bishop of Porfireone, sacristan of His Holiness. His episcopal motto was Omnia et in omnibus Christus.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest and reserved in pectore in the consistory of March 13, 1933; published in the consistory of December 16, 1935; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria della Vittoria, June 18, 1936. Papal datary, February 25, 1938 until his death. Participated in the conclave of 1939, which elected Pope Pius XII. Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, March 14, 1939. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, February 18, 1946 until March 10, 1947. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Frascati, April 28, 1951. Papal legate to the celebrations in honor of Our Lady, Fátima, Portugal, September 24, 1951; to the 35th International Eucharistic Congress, Barcelona, Spain, May 10, 1952; to the National Eucharistic-Marian Congress, Lima, Perú, November 8, 1954. Participated in the conclave of 1958, which elected Pope John XXIII.

Death. November 2, 1959, at 4.30 a.m., of intestinal cancer, for which he underwent surgery shortly before his death; in the palace of the Datary, Rome. Buried in the grotto of the patriarchal Vatican basilica.

Bibliography. Federico Tedeschini : il cardinale, la sua città (1873 - 1959) : atti del Convegno di Studi, Antrodoco, 19 luglio 2003. A cura di Ileana Tozzi. Antrodoco : Comune di Antrodoco, 2004. Other title: Monsignor Federico Tedeschi.

Links. Biography, in Italian, diocese of Frascati; photographs, portraits and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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TERRAZAS SANDOVAL, C.SS.R., Julio
(1936-

Birth. March 7, 1936, Vallegrande, diocese of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

Education. Joined the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists) in Chile, 1952; Redemptorist Seminary of San Bernardo, Chile; Novitiate of Salta, Argentina; religious profession, 1957; Redemptorist Institute, Córdoba, Argentina (philosophy and theology); EMACAS University, France (social pastoral).

Priesthood. Ordained, July 29, 1962. Superior of the Redemptorist community of Vallegrande; vicar foraneo until 1978.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Apisa maggiore and appointed auxiliary of La Paz, April 15, 1978. Consecrated, June 8, 1978, church of Santo Nombre de Jesús, Vallegrande, by Cardinal José Clemente Maurer, C.SS.R., archbishop of Sucre, assisted by Giuseppe Laigueglia, titular archbishop of Elie, nuncio in Bolivia, and by Jorge Manrique Hurtado, archbishop of La Paz. His episcopal motto is Servidor de todos. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980. Transferred to the see of Oruro, January 9, 1982. Attended the Second Extraordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8,1985. President of the Episcopal Conference of Bolivia, 1985-1991 and 1998-2005; also, its vice-president. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, February 6, 1991. Attended the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992; the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the title of S. Giovanni Battista de' Rossi, February 21, 2001. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the Tenth National Eucharistic Congress of Argentina that took place in Corrientes, September 2 to 5, 2004. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Elected president of the Episcopal Conference of Bolivia, 2006; reelected, 2009. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On May 25, the pope accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, in accordance to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. He was succeeded by Sergio Alfredo Gualberti Calandrina, until then archbishop coadjutor of that same archdiocese. Confirmed as member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014.

Links. Photograph and biographical data, in Spanish, archdiocese of Santa Cruz de la Sierra; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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TESTA, Gustavo
(1886-1969)

Birth. July 28, 1886, Boltiere, diocese of Bergamo, Italy.

Education. Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome; Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome; Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 28, 1910, in the church of S. Grata, Bergamo, by Giacomo Radini Tedeschi, bishop of Bergamo. Further studies in Rome, 1910-1912. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Bergamo and faculty member of its seminary, 1912-1920. Staff member of the Secretariat of State, 1920. Secretary of the nunciature in Austria, 1920-1923. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, October 28, 1921; reappointed, August 12, 1922. Papal envoy to Ruhr and Sarre, 1923-1924. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, May 18, 1923. Counselor of the special mission to Perú, 1925. Auditor of the nunciature in Bavaria, 1927. Counselor of the nunciature in Italy, 1929-1934.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Amasea and appointed apostolic delegate in Egypt, Arabia, Eritrea, Abyssinia, and Palestine, June 4, 1934. Consecrated, November 1, 1934, cathedral of Bergamo, by Cardinal Alfredo Ildefonso Schuster, O.S.B., archbishop of Milan, assisted by Adriano Bernareggi, bishop of Bergamo, and by Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, titular archbishop of Mesembria, apostolic delegate in Bulgaria. His episcopal motto was Et patria et cor; and his coat of arms consisted of the phrase Sola gratia tua. Apostolic delegate in Jerusalem, Palestine, Transjordania, and Cyprus, February 11, 1948. Nuncio in Switzerland, March 6, 1953.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 14, 1959; received the red hat and the title of S. Girolamo degli Schiavoni, December 17, 1959. Papal legate to the 37th International Eucharistic Congress, Münich, Germany, June 27, 1960. Pro-president of the Cardinalitial Commission for the Special Administration of Holy See, October 4, 1961. Secretary of the S.C. of the Oriental Church, August 2, 1962; title changed to prefect of the S.C. for the Oriental Churches, August 15, 1967. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Resigned the prefecture of the S.C. for the Oriental Churches, January 13, 1968. Resigned pro-presidency of the Cardinalitial Commission for the Special Administration of Holy See, May 7, 1968.

Death. February 28, 1969, after a long illness, in his Vatican residence. Pope Paul VI had paid him a visit shortly before his death. Buried in Bergamo.

Bibliography. Del Re, Niccolò. "Gustavo Testa" in La Sacra Congregazione per le Chiese Orientali. Nel cinquantesimo della fondazione (1917-1967). Grottaferrata, Roma : Tipografia Italo-Orientale "San Nilo", 1969, p. 95-96.

Link. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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TETTAMANZI, Dionigi
(1934-

Birth. March 14, 1934, Renate, archdiocese of Milan, Italy. One of the three children of Egidio Tettamanzi and Giuditta Ciceri, who died at 101 in February 2012. The other siblings were Antonio and Giovanna.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Seveso, Milan; at the Seminary of Venegono Inferiore, (licentiateship in theology); and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 28, 1957, Milan, by Giovanni Battista Montini, archbishop of Milan. Further studies in Rome, 1957-1960. Successively, in Milan: pastoral ministry; faculty member, Minor Seminary of Masnago and of Seveso San Pietro, 1960-1966. Faculty member, Seminary of Venegono, 1966-1986; faculty member, Lombard Pastoral Institute; member, Scientific Committee of International Center of Studies on the Family; judge of the Regional Ecclesiastical Tribunal of Lombardy; ecclesiastical assistant of the Catholic Physicians Association; ecclesiastical consultant of the National Federation of Catholic Family Counselors; chaplain in Turate for more than 15 years. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; expert. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; assistant to the special secretary. Rector of the Pontifical Lombardian Seminary, September 11,1987 until 1989. President of the Administrative Council of the Catholic newspaper Avvenire, April 28, 1989.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Ancona-Osimo, July 1, 1989. Consecrated, September 23, 1989, Milan, by Cardinal Carlo Maria Martini, archbishop of Milan, assisted by Carlo Maccari, archbishop of Ancona-Osimo, and by Bernardo Citterio, titular bishop of Floriana, auxiliary of Milan. Secretary general of the Italian Episcopal Conference, ad quinquenium, March 14, 1991. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, April 6, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Genoa, April 20, 1995. Vice-president of the Italian Episcopal Conference, May 25, 1995.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 21, 1998; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo, February 21, 1998. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999; president of the commission for the message. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, March 6, 2000. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Milan, July 11, 2002. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. On June 28, 2011, the pope accepted the resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Milan, in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. The pope named Cardinal Angelo Scola, until then patriarch of Venice, to succeed him. Cardinal Tettamanzi was apostolic administrator of Milan until the taking of possession (by procurator Carlo Redaelli, auxiliary bishop and vicar general of Milan) of his successor on September 9, 2011. On July 23, 2012, he was named apostolic administrator of the diocese of Vigevano, vacant due to resignation on July 21, 2012 because of health of Bishop Vincenzo Di Mauro, until the taking of possession by the new bishop. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, until the expiration of his term, on February 19, 2014. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on March 14, 2014.

Bibliography. Valli, Aldo Maria. Voi mi sarete testimoni : [Dionigi Tettamanzi arcivescovo a Milano]. Milano : Rizzoli, 2009. (Rizzoli best; Variation: Rizzoli best). Note: Contains brief biography of D. Tettamanzi (1934-).

Links. His photograph, biography, pastoral activities, homilies, interventions, leters and message, and discourses, in Italian; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Serie cronologica dei vescovi di Milano (III-XXI secolo), in Italian, archdiocese of Milan; 8 settembre 2011 - Pontificale di Santa Maria Nascente in Duomo Milano, in Italian, farewell mass of Cardinal Tettamanzi, You Tube; 8 settembre 2011 - Omelia del card. Tettamanzi , in Italian, homily of Cardinal Tettamanzi, You Tube; Nuovo Amministratore Apostolico, Comunicato Stampa, diocese of Vigevano, 24 luglio 2012; Il card. Tettamanzi sarà l'amministratore apostolico della diocesi di Vigevano, Chiesa, Avvenire, 24 luglio 2012; Cardinal hopes for upcoming beatification of Pope Paul VI, CNA/EWTN News, Aug 10, 2012 / 12:01 pm.


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THIANDOUM, Hyacinthe
(1921-2004)

Birth. February 2, 1921, Poponguine, archdiocese of Dakar, Sénégal. Son of François Ndiémé, who was a catechist and a fisherman who cultivated the millet and groundnut during the winter, and Anna Ndiémé Sène. He was named in memory of Hyacinthe Gallabert, bishop of Sénégambie well before independence. He spent his early life in a milieu in which the Muslims were the majority; one of his brothers is a Muslim and some of his nephews are imams.

Education. Regional Seminary of Dakar, Dakar; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (licentiate in philosophy and sociology).

Priesthood. Ordained, April 18, 1949, Dakar, by Marcel François Lefèbvre, C.S.Sp., titular archbishop of Arcadiopoli di Europa, apostolic vicar of Dakar, and apostolic delegate for Francophone Francofona. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Dakar, 1949-1951. Further studies, Rome, 1951-1953. In the archdiocese of Dakar, responsible for the Catholic Action; pastoral ministry, 1953-1960; pastor of the cathedral; and vicar general, 1960-1962.

Episcopate. Elected metropolitan archbishop of Dakar, February 24, 1962. Consecrated, May 20, 1962, Dakar, by Jean-Marie Maury, titular archbishop of Laodicea di Frigia, internuncio in Sénégal and apostolic delegate in Western French Africa, assisted by Bernardin Gantin, archbishop of Cotonou, and by Prosper Dodds, bishop of Ziguinchor. His episcopal motto is In Verbo tuo laxabo rete. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 29, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. President of the Episcopal Conference of Sénégal-Mauritania until 1987. Vice-president of the Episcopal Pan-African Symposium.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria del Popolo, May 24, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977; president-delegate; member of the general secretariat, 1977 to 1980. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the Second General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; its relator general; member of the general secretariat, 1987 to 1990; the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, April 10 to May 8, 1994; its relator; member of the Council of the General Secretariat of the Special Assembly for Africa. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, June 2, 2000. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, February 2, 2001. His moral authority went beyond the Christian community; he had excellent relations with the Muslim community and especially with the marabout Thierno Saïdou Nourou Tall, whom he called mon père (my father). He was the first cardinal from Sénégal.

Death. May 18, 2004, at 6 p.m., of lung cancer complications, at the geriatric hospital "Saint Thomas de Villeneuve" in Aix-en-Provence, France. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Dakar on May 27, 2004.

Link. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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TIEN KEN-SIN, S.V.D., Thomas
(1890-1967)

Birth. October 24, 1890, Chantsiu (Yangku), apostolic vicariate of Yangku, China. Son of Kilian Tien Ken-sin, a non-Christian teacher of literature, and Maria Yang. His father joined the staff of Puoli Seminary in 1897, and was baptized before his death two years later. The seminary took care of the orphaned boy, who was still a pagan, and in 1901, at the age of 11, he too was baptized, taking the name Thomas. His last name is also listed as Tien ken-Sin Tung-Lai; as Tien Ken-hsin; as Tian Gengxin; and as Tienchensing.

Education. From 1904, he studied at the Seminary of Yen-chow-fu; he contracted tuberculosis and was told that he had to leave the seminary; but, following the advice of a priest friend who told him to stay until the rector would push him out, he resisted all opposition and was finally ordained.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 9, 1918, Yen-chow-fu, by Augustine Hemminghaus, S.V.D, titular bishop of Ipepa, vicar apostolic of Yen-chow-fu. For three years he taught in mission schools. Then he was transferred to Shantung Province to exercise his pastoral ministry. In that area, brigands and warlords were making life difficult, but the young Father Tien demonstrated that he was fearless in face of grave danger and stayed in that province. Joined the Society of Divine Word, March 8, 1929, at the Novitiate of Steye, Holland; he took his first vows on February 2, 1931; and the final vows on March 7, 1935. Prefect apostolic of Yangku, February 2, 1934.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Ruspe and appointed apostolic vicar of Yangku (Yanggu), July 11, 1939. Consecrated, October 29, 1939, Rome, by Pope Pius XII, assisted by Celso Constantini, titular archbishop of Teodosiopoli di Arcadia, secretary of the S.C. for the Propagation of the Faith, and by Heinrich Streicher, M.Afr., titular archbishop of Brisi. Apostolic vicar of Tsingtao (Qingdao), November 10, 1942. His episcopal motto was Adveniat regnunm tuum.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 18, 1946; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria in Via, February 22, 1946. Promoted to metropolitan see of Peiping (Peking, Beijing), April 11, 1946. In 1948, because of declining health and of the approach of the Communist armies, he left Peking, and went to Shanghai first, and then to Hong Kong. He finally went to reside at the mother-house of the Divine Word Fathers in Illinois, United States of America; from there, he continued to work tirelessly, in spite of his bad health, for the Church in China. In 1958, he went to Europe to raise funds for a seminary in Taiwan; while there, he was involved in a serious traffic accident. Soon after, Pope Pius XII died; the doctors advised against the trip to Rome for the conclave, but he went. Participated in the conclave of 1958, which elected Pope John XXIII. Apostolic administrator of Taipei, Formosa, December 16, 1959 until 1966. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. For many months before his death, he was an invalid, confined to hospital and incapable of any form of active ministry. Suffering from paralysis of the stomach and digestive area on July 22, 1967, although he had lapsed into a coma, the use of an oxygen mask caused some improvement in his condition. Archbishop Giuseppe Caprio, titular archbishop of Apollonia, apostolic pro-nuncio in India, Archbishop Paul Yü Pin of Nanking, rector of the Fu Jen Catholic University, and other church dignitaries hurried to Chiayi to be near the dying cardinal. He was the first Chinese cardinal.

Death. Monday July 24, 1967, early in the morning, of pneumonia, at St. Martin de Porres Hospital, Chiayi, Taipei, Central Taiwan. Pope Paul VI sent a telegram of condolence to Archbishop Stanislaus Lo Kuang of Taipei. President Chiang Kai-shek and Madame Chiang also sent a telegram of condolence, as did Vice-President and Premier C. K. Yen. The solemn requiem mass and funeral services were held in Chiayi on July 28; they were attended by the Catholic hierarchy, and by priests, religious and laymen from all over Free China. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Taipei. A solemn requiem mass was celebrated in the cathedral, Hong Kong, at 6 p.m. on the following Monday July 31. Another solemn requiem mass was celebrated in Taipei on August 24.

Bibliography. Brender, Andreas ; Kierein-Kuenring, Mandred D. Catholic Hierarchy in China since 1307. Cluj-Napoca, 2012, pp. 185, 232, 63, 279 and 290; Code, Bernard. Dictionary of the American Hierarchy (1789-1964). New York : Joseph F. Wagner, 1964, p. 447; Fleckner, Johannes. Thomas Kardinal Tien. St. Augustin : Steyler Verlag, 1975. (Studia instituti missiologici societatis verbi divini ; Nr. 16; Variation: Studia Instituti Missiologici Societatis Verbi Divini ; Nr. 16).

Link. Photograph and biographical information, in Chinese and English, Hong Kong Catholic Diocesan Archive; photograph and arms, Arladica Vaticana.


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TISSERANT, Eugène
(1884-1972)

Birth. March 24, 1884, Nancy, France, in a house which his maternal grandparents had bought twenty years earlier. Son of Hippolyte Tisserant, a veterinarian, and Ocatvée Connard, both from Alsace-Lorraine. His godfather was his uncle Eugène Tisserant, who exerted a great influence on his godson because of his large personal library, which helped develop in the youngster a great love for books. His baptismal name was Eugène-Gabriel-Gervais-Laurent. His last name is also listed as Tisserand. He was the fourth of the six children of the family and the eldest of the three boys; one of his sisters became a nun of the Christian Doctrine; and one of the brothers, a priest of the Fathers of the Holy Spirit and spent forty years as a missionary in Oubangui-Chari, which later became the Central African Republic.

Education. He learned to read when he was five years old (1). He studied at the Gymnasium-Lyceums Saint-Léopold and of Saint Sigisbert, Nancy, for eight years (humanistic and scientific studies. especially chemistry and physics, in which he earned several prizes); he then entered the Major Seminary of Nancy, Nancy, 1900-1904 (theology, Sacred Scripture, Hebrew, Syriac, Old Testament, Oriental Patrology); Dominican "Scuola S. Stefano", Jerusalem, 1904-1905 (directed by Fr. Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.); returned to France in June 1905 for the military service; Catholic Institute, Paris (diploma in five languages: Hebrew, Syriac, Arambic, Ethiopian and Assyrian); Pontifical Biblical Institute, Jerusalem. Fr. Fulcran Grégoire Vigouroux, manifested his wish of having Eugène in Rome, where the basis of the future "Istituto Biblico" were being prepared, and invited him, in the name of Pope Pius X, to accept a professorship of Assyrian language on March 19, 1907. He was fluent in thirteen languages: Amharic, Arabic, Akkadian, English, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Latin, Persian, Russian, Syriac.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 4, 1907, Nancy, by Charles-François Turinaz, bishop of Nancy. Following Fr. Lagrange's advice, he was called to Rome, where he arrived on October 30, 1908, and was named professor of Assyrian at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare"; and scriptor orientalis adjunct, 1908-1914. Due to general mobilization in France because of the First World War, he joined the 26th Regiment of Infantry of Troyes in August 1914; in January 1915, he was transferred to the Ministry of War, section of Africa of the General Major State of the Army; in March 1917, he was sent to the Middle East and participated in the campaign of Palestine, from October 31 to December 20, of that year; and in the Battle of Meggido, September 16 to 23, 1918; he was essentially charged with logistics; on December 16, 1918, he was promoted to lieutenant; he was demobilized in April 1919 and retured to his post in the Vatican. In 1929, he joined the Société des prêtres de Saint-François-de-Sales; his spiritual director until 1945 was Bishop Charles Ruch, of the Société. In October 1919, Msgr. Giovanni Mercati, prefect of the Vatican Librarian, requested him as his deputy. He also worked in other Vatican dicasteries as consultor of of the Pontifical Commission for Biblical Studies of the S.C. of the Holy Office; of the S.C. of Rites; and of the S.C. of the Oriental Church. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, May 12, 1921; reappointed, February 8, 1922. Invited and supported by the Carnegie Foundation for International Peace, he made his first visit to the United States of America and Canada; and visited many libraries (2). Domestic prelate of His Holiness, January 12, 1929. Pro-prefect of the Vatican Library, November 15, 1930. Protonotary apostolic, January 13, 1936.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 15, 1936; received the red hat and the deaconry of Ss. Vito, Modesto e Crescenzia, June 18, 1936. Secretary of the S.C. for the Oriental Church, June 19, 1936.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Iconio, June 25, 1937. Consecrated, July 25, 1937, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, secretary of State, assisted by Giuseppe Migone, titular archbishop of Nicomedia, privy almoner of His Holiness, and by Charles-Joseph-Eugène Ruch, bishop of Strasbourg. His episcopal motto was Ab Oriente et Occidente. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated to title pro illa vice, December 13, 1937. President of the Biblical Commission, July 11, 1938. Participated in the conclave of 1939, which elected Pope Pius XII. Opted for the title of S. Maria sopra Minerva, December 11, 1939. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina, February 18, 1946. Vice-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, February 21, 1948. Papal legate to the National Eucharistic Congress, Nancy, June 6, 1949. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals and, as such, suburbicarian bishop of the see of Ostia, proper of the dean, retaining the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina, January 13, 1951. Prefect of the S.C. Ceremonial, March 10, 1951. Librarian and archivist of the Holy Roman Church, September 14, 1957. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinal, June 9, 1958 until March 28, 1960. Papal legate to the International Mariological-Marian Congress, Lourdes, France, August 2, 1958. Participated in the conclave of 1958, which elected Pope John XXIII. Resigned the secretariat, November 11, 1959. Grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, August 19, 1960. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965; member of its board of presidency, 1962-1965. Elected member of the Académie Française, June 15, 1961; reception, June 23, 1962. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. Cardinal bishop of the title (3) of the suburbicarian sees of Ostia and Porto e Santa Rufina, November 17, 1966. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969. Lost the right to participate in the conclave by being older than eighty years, January 1, 1971. He and Cardinals Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira and Achille Liénart were the last cardinal electors created by Pope Pius XI. Resigned as librarian and archivist and was named emeritus, March 27, 1971.

Death. February 21, 1972, from a heart attack, in "Regina Apostolorum Clinic" Albano Laziale, where he had been confined for months due to an ailment in his legs. During his illness, he was visited by Pope Paul VI, who later sent his secretary of State, Cardinal Jean Villot, with a special blessing as he lay on his deathbed. The pope granted that the late cardinal would be laid out in state in the patriarchal Vatican basilica. On the following February 24, the pope presided the funeral, while Cardinal Paolo Marella sang the requiem mass, attended by over two thousand people together with thirty cardinals. His body was buried in the cathedral of La Storta of Porto e Santa Rufina, in via Cassia, near Rome. His private archives are preserved in the south of France by Association Les amis du cardinal Tisserant.

Bibliography. Bârlea, Octavian ; Tisserant, Eugène. L'activité du cardinal Eugène Tisserant dans les diocèses d'Ostie, de Porto et Santa Rufina. Louvain : Centre international de dialectologie générale, 1955. Cover title : "Extrait de Recueil cardinal Eugène Tisserant, t. II."; Biagio, Agostino di. "Card. Eugenio Tisserant." La Pontificia Università lateranense : profilo della sua storia, dei suoi maestri, e dei suoi discepoli. Roma : Libreria editrice della Pontificia Università lateranense, 1963, p. 142-144; Bibliographie de Son Éminence le Cardinal Eugène Tisserant, 1907-1964. Vaticano : Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1964. (Studi e testi (Biblioteca apostolica vaticana); 231). Note : Extrait de Mélanges Eugène Tisserant, vol. 1 (Studi e testi, 231); Cardinal Eugène Tisserant. 2 vols. Louvain : Centre International De Dialectologie Generale, n.d.; Le cardinal Eugène Tisserant : 1884-1972 : une grande figure de l'Église, une grande figure française : actes du colloque international, Toulouse, les 22 et : 23 novembre 2002. Toulouse : Groupe de recherche en histoire immédiate, 2003. (Sources et travaux d'histoire immédiate ; N 14. Organisé par l'Unité de recherche Histoire et théologie, Institut catholique et le Groupe de recherche en histoire immédiate ; Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail; Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 505-506; Del Re, Niccolò. "Eugenio Tisserant" in La Sacra Congregazione per le Chiese Orientali. Nel cinquantesimo della fondazione (1917-1967). Grottaferrata, Roma : Tipografia Italo-Orientale "San Nilo", 1969, p. 88-90; Fouilloux, Étienne. Eugène, cardinal Tisserant (1884-1972). Une biographie. Paris : Desclée de Brouwer, 2011; Gaignard, Hervé. La vie spirituelle du cardinal Eugène Tisserant. Entre perfection et sainteté (1908-1945). Paris : Parole et silence, 2009. (Histoire et thiologie ; 3); Lesourd, Paul ; Ramiz, Jean-Marie. Eugene Cardinal Tisserant.. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1964. (Men who make the Council. Critical Portraits, 5); Luella, M. "Eugène Cardinal Tisserant." The Library Quarterly, vol. 22, No. 3 (July 1952), 214-222; Mattioli Háry, Nicoletta. The Vatican Library and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. The history, Impact and Influence of their collaboration [1927-1947]. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vatican, 2009; Moubarac, Youakim. Anthologie de la littérature arabe selon une translittération nouvelle établié et présentée par son éminence le cardinal Eugène Tisserant. Paris : Gedalge, 1962; Pop, Sever, 1901-1961. ; Tisserant, Eugène. Cerémonie de la remise du Recueil Cardinal Eugène Tisserant, le lundi 28 novembre 1955. Louvain : Centre international de dialectologie générale, 1957. (Travaux / le Centre international de dialectologie générale, l'Université catholique de Louvain ; fasc. 3; Variation: Travaux (Centre international de dialectologie générale) ; fasc. 3); Tisserant, Eugène. The iron curtain pastoral of Eugene Cardinal Tisserant. Paterson, N.J. : St. Anthony's Guild, 1949; Tisserant, Eugène ; Pop, Sever. Recueil cardinal Eugène Tisserant : "Ab Oriente et Occidente." 2 vols. Louvain : Centre international de dialectologie générale, 1955.(Travaux publiés par le Centre international de dialectologie générale prhs l'Université catholique de Louvain, 1.-2. fasc.; Variation: Centre international de dialectologie générale.; Travaux, 1.-2. fasc.).

Links. His episcopal lineage by Charles N. Bransom, Jr., Apostolic Succession in the Roman Catholic Church, in English; photographs, portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Tisserant l'americano, in Italian, Sottoosservazione's Blog; Scuola Diocesana di Teologia Card. Eugenio Tisserant, in Italian, suburbicarian diocese of Porto-Santa Rufina.

(1) Lesourd, Eugene Cardinal Tisserant., p. 7, cites Cardinal Tisserant: "The whooping cough which I caught when I was only five years old, was decisive for my future. I was quarantined at home, and my father, who did not want anybody to lose time, got it into his ahead to teach me to read by the syllable method. The system wasn't bad at all; when I returned to school I was one year ahead of everybody else."
(2) Among them the New York Public Library; the Columbia University Library; the J. P. Morgan Library; the Princeton University Library; the New Free Library of Philadelphia; the University of Pennsylvania Library; the Johns Hopkins University Library;the Library of Congress, the Notre Dame University Library and the library of the University of Illinois. In his report to the Vatican, quoted by Lesourd, Eugene Cardinal Tisserant., p. 24-25, he said "As different as the American libraries are from one another --the Library of Congress which was created for the needs of the members of the legislature and has become the central library of the nation; the municipal libraries, which seek to spread instruction among the people, to raise the general moral and intellectual level; the university libraries, whose personnel go out of their way to prepare for both professor and students the tools of research and instruction; the collectors' libraries, founded by enlightened amateurs and always to be preferred to the other kinds because, thanks to generous foundation grants, they are at the disposal of specialists-- they all seemed to me to be dominated by that principle of usefulness which characterizes all American organizations. If in Europe there are so many 'dead' libraries, which collectors and city institutions hold in such high esteem, it is because on this continent it is the book which holds the first place in consideration. In America, the reader is more important to the librarian than the book. Hence, the system of lending from library to home, which surprises us; likewise, the policy of the open shelf, stacks accessible to an enormous number of readers if not to all, where even children begin their apprenticeship; hence also the dictionary catalogue, which not only helps one find a book one knows but also suggests related titles; and finally, the preoccupation with the improvement of services, on the grounds that the capital invested in a library should bear fruit in noble and widespread instruction." His second visit took place in 1933 to attend the convention of the American Library Association in Chicago and a reunion of the International Library Committee; in 1947, he returned to the United States to receive an honorary doctorate of laws degree from Princeton University in company with General Dwight D. Eisenhower; he took advantage of the trip to make a lecture tour around the country which netted him $40,000 for the completion of the construction of the cathedral of his suburbicarian diocese; in 1950, he made yet another trip to America, starting in Canada and ending in the United States, where he visited the Grand Canyon.
(3) The motu proprio Suburbicariis sedibus, issued by Pope John XXIII on April 11, 1962, established that the cardinal bishops would have no ordinary jurisdiction over their suburbicarian sees. These dioceses were to be ruled by bishops with complete and independent ordinary power; cardinal bishops would only retain the title of the see. The disposition applied only to the cardinal bishops appointed in 1961 and later. The others, Cardinals Eugène Tisserant, Clemente Micara, Benedetto Aloisi Masella and Giuseppe Pizzardo, retained the denomination of bishops of their sees. On November 17, 1966, they were listed as bishops of the title of their suburbicarian sees in Annuario Pontificio per l'anno 1967, except Cardinal Micara, who had died in 1965.


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TODEA, Alexandru
(1912-2002)

Birth. June 5, 1912. Teleac, archdiocese of Făgăraş and Alba Julia, Romania. Of a peasant family. His parents were Gheorghe and Maria Todea. He was the thirteenth of sixteen children.

Education. Studied at Lyceum "Sfântul Vasile cel Mare", Blaj; he later attended the Pontifical Urban Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide", Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in theology.

Sacred orders. Received the subdiaconate as well as the diaconate on December 11, 1938 from Bishop Iuliu Hossu of Cluj-Gherla in the chapel of Collegio Pio Romeno, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 25, 1939, in the chapel of Collegio Pio Romeno, Rome, by Alexander Evreinoff, titular archbishop of Pario, ordaining prelate for the Byzantine Catholics in Rome. Further studies, 1939-1940, Rome. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Făgăraş and Alba Julia, 1940 until the Catholic Church of Byzantine-Romanian rite was suppressed in 1948. He was arrested several times between 1945-1948 and escaped.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Cesaropoli and appointed auxiliary of Făgăraş and Alba, July 4, 1950. Consecrated, November 19, 1950, secretly, not during a mass, sacristy of the cathedral of Sfântul Iosif, Bucarest, by Joseph Schubert, titular bishop of Ceramussa, apostolic administrator of Bucarest, with see in Blaj; without co-consecrators. His episcopal motto was Bucuros maă voi cheltui şi pe mine, pentru sufletele voastre. On January 31st, 1951, he was captured by the political police of the Gheorghiu-Dej communist regime, Securitate. He was sentenced to hard labor for life, following a trial in 1952 when the prosecutor initially requested death penalty. In 1964, based on the amnesty given for political detainees, and after spending 14 years in the hardest communist prison, he was pardoned, released, and placed under house arrest. In 1986, the Greek-Catholic Episcopal Conference held a secret meeting and elected him as its head. The Greek-Catholic Church gained its freedom in 1989 and confirmed him in his post a year later. He had spent a total of 16 years in jail and 27 years under house arrest during the period of the communist regime. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Făgăraş and Alba Julia of the Romanians, March 14, 1990. President of the Episcopal Conference of Romania, March 16, 1990-1994. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; member of its general secretariat, 1990-1994.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1991; received the red biretta and the title of S. Atanasio a Via Tiburtina, June 28, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, June 5, 1992. Suffered a stroke that left him paralyzed and confined to a wheel chair, 1992. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, July 20, 1994. Honorary member of Academiei Române.

Death. May 22, 2002, while recovering in a hospital in the Transylvanian city of Targu Mures, ten years after being paralyzed by a stroke. Buried in the crypt of the Most Holy Trinity metropolitan cathedral of Blaj (Fagaras si Alba Iulia) (1).

Links. Photograph and biography, in Romanian, Wikipedia; photograph and biographical information, in Romanian, no. 75 Mari români; photographs and biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his vauly, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+ ALEXANDRU
CARDINAL
TODEA
1912 - 2002


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TOMÁŠEK, František
(1899-1992)

Birth. June 30, 1899, Studénka, archdiocese of Olomouc, Moravia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (later Czechoslovakia; now Czech Republic). He was the second of six children. His father was a teacher and director of the local school and died in 1906 when František was a very young boy; the mother, to give her children the possibility of studying, moved to Olomouc.

Education. Studied at the Ginnasio-liceo of Olomouc, 1910-1919; his brief military service concluded with the end of the First World War; he then attended the Major Seminary of Olomouc, Olomouc.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 5, 1922, Olomouc, by Antonín Cyril Stojan, archbishop of Olomouc. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Olomouc and faculty member, Theological Faculty of Olomouc, 1922-1949.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Buto and appointed auxiliary of Olomouc, October 12, 1949. Consecrated, October 13, 1949, Olomouc, by Josef Matocha, archbishop of Olomouc, without assistants; his consecration was kept secret because of the religious persecution. His episcopal motto was Laxabo rete. Interned in a forced labor camp by the Communist regime, July 22, 1951 until May 28, 1954. Pastoral ministry in Olomouc, 1954-1965. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Apostolic administrator, sede plena, of Prague, February 18, 1965; sede vacante, 1969-1977. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest and reserved in pectore, May 24, 1976; published, June 27, 1977; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Vitale, Gervasio e Protasio, June 27, 1977. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Prague, December 30, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, June 30, 1979. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 5 to 9, 1979, Vatican City. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. He supported the students and actors during the Velvet Revolution in 1989. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, March 27, 1991.

Death. August 4, 1992, of heart failure aggravated by pneumonia, Prague. Buried, metropolitan cathedral of Prague.

Bibliography. Drimal, Ludvik. Il cardinale Frantisek Tomásek: la ricostruzione della sua figura di catechista e di catecheta. Roma: s. n., 1997. (Università pontificia salesiana, Facoltà di teologia; Tesi di dottorato n. 391. - Estr. dalla tesi di dottorato).

Links. His bust and biography, in English (Britannica); his bust, arms and biographical data, in English, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; his obituary by Felix Corley, in English, The Independent, London, Wednesday, 5 August 1992; photo gallery, Press Office of the Czech Bishops' Conference; and list of the archbishops of Prague, in Czech, archdiocese of Prague.


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TOMKO, Jozef
(1924-

Birth. March 11, 1924, Udavské, diocese of Kosice, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia).

Education. Initial studies at the local primary school; secondary education in Michalovce, 1935-1943; Theological Faculty of Sts. Cyril and Methodius, Bratislava, 1943-1944; in the fall of 1945, he was sent to Rome; resided at Collegio St. John Nepomuceno; studied at the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (doctorates in theology, canon law and social sciences; dissertation: De Sancti Spiritus inhabitatione secundum B. Petrum de Tarantasia, 1951). After 1948, he was unable to return to Czechoslovakia because of the persecution by the Communist government.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 12, 1949, Rome, by Luigi Traglia, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, vice-gerent of Rome. Pastoral ministry in the dioceses of Rome and Porto e Santa Rufina, 1950-1979. Economous, vice-rector and rector, Pontifical Nepomucenus College and residence, Rome, 1950-1965. Faculty member, International University Pro Deo, Rome, 1955-1956. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, December 5, 1959; August 3, 1963. Entered the service of the Holy See, 1962 as adjunct, Book Censorship Section, S.C. for the Doctrine of the Faith; adjutant of study; capo ufficio of doctrinal section, 1966. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; special secretary. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, June 17, 1970. Faculty member, Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1970-1978. Undersecretary of the S.C. for Bishops, 1974. Co-founder of the religious journal of the Institute of Sts. Cyril and Methodius, Rome.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Doclea and appointed secretary general of the Synod of Bishops, July 12, 1979. Consecrated, September 15, 1979, Sistine Chapel, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagaste, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Andrew Gregory Grutka, bishop of Gary, United States. His episcopal motto is Ut Ecclesia aedificitur. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; the Fifith Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; secretary general. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; secretary general. Pro-prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, April 24, 1985.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Gesù Buon Pastore alla Montagnola, May 25, 1985. Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and grand chancellor of Pontifical Urbanian University, May 27, 1985 until April 9, 2001. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Special papal envoy to the celebration honoring the martyrs of Uganda, Kampala, June 3, 1986. Special papal envoy to the Third Latin American Missionary Congress, Bogotá, Colombia, July 5 to 8, 1987. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Special papal envoy to the centennial celebration of the evangelization of Mali, Bamaco, November 15 to 20, 1988; to the celebration of the centennial of the pilgrimage to the National Marian Shrine of Notre-Dame de la Délivrance de Poponguine, Dakar, Sénégal, December 8, 1989. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Special papal envoy to the Fourth Latin American Missionary Congress, Lima, Perú, February 3 to 8, 1991. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991. Special papal envoy to the centennial celebration of the establishment of the Catholic Church in Cameroun, December 1 to 8, 1991. Attended the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Special papal envoy to the celebration of 150th anniversary of the evangelization of the kingdom of Tonga, South Pacific, November 1992; to the centennial celebration of the evangelization of the archdiocese of Accra, Ghana, August 22, 1993. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 150th anniversary of the evangelization ot the Fiji Islands, Polynesia, August 15, 1994. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Member of the Presynodal Council for the Special Synod of Asian Bishops, September 1995. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Sabina, January 29, 1996. Special papal envoy for the closing ceremonies of the first of centennial of the evangelization of Namibia, Windhoek, December 8, 1996; to the ceremonies for the 150th anniversary of the erection of the diocese of Port-Louis, Mauritius, October 26, 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 19 to May 18, 1998; president delegate; member of post-synodal council, May 8, 1998. Attended the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998. Special papal envoy to the Sixth Latin American Missionary Congress and the First American Missionary Congress, Paraná, Argentina, September 28 to October 3, 1999. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Named president of the Pontifical Committee for the International Eucharistic Congresses, October 23, 2001. Special papal envoy to the solemn promulgation of the Acts of the First Plenary Council of the Church in Slovenia, Ljubljana, May 18, 2002. Special papal envoy to the ceremony of the translation of the relics of Blessed Bishop Teodor Romzha, Uzhorod, Ukraine, June 28, 2003. Presided the delegation of the Holy See to the Inter-religious Congress, Astana, Kazakhstan, September 23-24, 2003. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old, March 11, 2004. Papal legate to the celebrations of the 48th International Eucharistic Congress that took place in Guadalajara, México, October 10 to 17, 2004. Reappointed as president of the Pontifical Committee for the International Eucharistic Congresses, April 21, 2005. Special papal envoy to the conclusive celebrations of the Slovakian National Eucharistic Congress that took place in Bratislava-Petržalka on September 18, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the First Universitarian International Eucharistic Congress that took place in Murcia, Spain, on November 9 to 13, 2005. Retired as president of the Pontifical Committee for the International Eucharistic Congresses on October 1, 2007. Papal legate to the celebrations of the 49th International Eucharistic Congress that took place in Québec, Canada, from June 15 to 22, 2008. Special papal envoy to the conclusive ceremonies of the Pauline Year observed on June 29, 2009, in Greece. Special papal envoy to the conclusive celebrations of the 150th anniversary of the evangelization of Taiwan, which took place in Taipei on November 22, 2009. Special papal envoy to the celebrations marking the third centenary of the consecration of the cathedral of Minsk, Belarus, which took place on October 9, 2010. On July 2, 2011, he was named special papal envoy to the conclusive celebrations of the jubilar year for the 600th anniversary of the "eucharistic miracle of Ludbreg", Croatia, to take place at the Shrine of Ludbreg, diocese of Varaždin, on September 4, 2011. On July 23, 2011, Pope Benedict XVI named him special papal envoy to the celebration for the centennial of the dedication of the cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Moscow, Russian Federation, programmed for September 25, 2011. Member of the Commission of Cardinals to investigate the leak of reserved and confidential documents on television, in newspapers and in other communications media, April 24, 2012. Special papal envoy to the solemn jubilar celebration that took place in Lviv, Ukraine, on September 8, 2012, on the occasion of the 600º anniversary of the archiepiscopal and metropolitan see of Lviv of the Latins.

Link. Photograph, arms and biography, in Slovak; and another picture of his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Presentaron a Benedicto XVI los resultados de la investigación sobre las cartas robadas by H. Sergio Mora, in Spanish, Zenit, el Mundo visto desde Roma, 18-06-2012; Lombardi: Commission is carrying out full scale investigation into Vatican document leaks by Alessandro Speciale, Vatican Insider, 06/18/2012; Card. Tomko: Understanding for Pope, age takes its toll on body, Rome Reports, 2013-02-12 18:44:44.


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TONINI, Ersilio
(1914-2013)

Birth. July 20, 1914, Centovera di San Giorgio Piacentino, diocese of Piacenza, Italy. From a family of humble farmers. He was the third of the five children of Cesare Tonini and Celestina Guarnieria.

Education. Entered the Minor Seminary of Piacenza in 1925; then, studied at the Seminary of Piacenza; and later, at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he obtained degrees in civil and canon law.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 18, 1937, Piacenza, by Ersilio Menzani, bishop of Piacenza. Vice-rector of the Seminary of Piacenza, 1937-1939. Further studies, Rome, 1939-1943. From 1943 to 1969, in the diocese of Piacenza, professor of Italian, Latin and Greek at the seminary and similtaneously ecclesiastical assistant of FUCI (Federation of Catholic Italian University Students) and of the Laureati Catolici; director of the weekly Il nuovo giornale. Named pastor of the parish of Salsomaggiore on December 14, 1953; occupied the post for many years; he built the Oratorio Don Bosco; and at the same time was spiritual assistant to the students of Collegio di Castelnuovo Fogliano of the Catholic University. Named privy chamberlain supernumerary of His Holiness on November 6, 1959; confirmed on May 11, 1963. Named rector of the Seminary of Piacenza in September 1968.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Macerata e Tolentino and appointed apostolic administrator sede vacante of Cingoli, Recanati and Treia, April 28, 1969. Consecrated, June 2, 1969, by Umberto Malchiodi, archbishop-bishop of Piacenza, assisted by Agostino Casaroli, titular archbishop of Cartago, secretary of the S.C. for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, and by Carlo Colombo, titular bishop of Victoriana, auxiliary of Milan. His episcopal motto was In fide vivo Fili Dei. Promoted to metropolitan see of Ravenna and also named bishop of Cervia, November 22, 1975 (1). Both circumscriptions were united on September 20, 1986. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Apostolic administrator of Rimini, 1988-1989. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, October 27, 1990. Preached Vatican Lent spiritual exercises, February 1991 with the theme "La Chiesa della speranza per questo nostro tempo". In 1991, he was among the protagonists of the television program "I dieci comandamenti all'italiana", by Enzo Biagi..Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 26, 1994; received the red biretta and the title of SS. Redentore a Val Melaina, November 26, 1994. He was older than 80 years when created a cardinal and, therefore, never had the right to participate in the conclave.

Death. July 28, 2013, in his sleep, at 2 a.m., at Opera Santa Teresa del Bambino Gesù in Ravenna. Upon learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Francis sent a telegram of condolence to Archbishop Lorenzo Ghizzoni of Ravenna-Cervia (2). Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State, also sent an analogous telegram (3). The body was be exposed in the major church of Santa Teresa, of the Opera. The funeral took place on Tuesday July 30 in the metropolitan cathedral of S. Apollinare of Ravenna. Cardinal Dionigi Tettamanzi, archbishop emeritus of Milan, represented the Holy See. He also concelebrated the mass, presided over by Archbishop Ghizzoni, who also delivered the homily, with the participation of several bishops and dozens of priests. One thousand faithfull filled the cathedral. Then the body was brought to the Monumental Cemetery of Ravenna and placed in one of the tombs reserved for the archbishops, where it will rest until the autumn, when it will probably be taken to the restored cathedral, just below the Chapel of Sant'Andrea, where it will be permanently buried, along with other archbishops. In his will, the late cardinal left all his possessions to the Opera of Santa Teresa. At the time of his death, he was the oldest living member of the College of Cardinals.

Bibliography. Ersilio Tonini, arcivescovo emerito di Ravenna, cardinale: comunicare col cuore : ritratto, intervista, testimonianze. [A cura di] Giuseppe Zois. Clusone (BG): Ferrari, 1994; Severini, Paola. Ersilio Tonini : comunicatore di Dio. Cinisello Balsamo (Milano) : San Paolo, 1999.

Links. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Ersilio Tonini compie 95 anni «A Dio dirò: grazie» by Marina Corradi, in Italian, Avvenire, 20 luglio 2009; L'Intervista Cardinale Ersilio Tonini, You Tube, uploaded by ravennawebtv on July 20, 2010; Cardinale Ersilio Tonini - Sul senso della vita, You Tube, uploaded by riflession on Feb 23, 2011; Lo stupore per la vita. Il Cardinale Ersilio Tonini, grazie agli insegnamenti della madre, è capace ancora oggi di stupirsi per il dono della vita, You Tube, uploaded by LaStoriaSeiTu on Jan 18, 2012; La grande storia e lo stupore dell'alba narrati da Ersilio Tonini by Marina Corradi, in Italian, Avvenire, 13 luglio 2012; Il cardinale Tonini: la fede, buttarsi nelle braccia di Dio , in Italian, Avvenire, 25 maggio 2013; È morto il cardinale Ersilio Tonini by Giacomo Galeazzi, in Italian, Vatican Insider, 28/07/2013; Erede e testimone della grande tradizione popolare cristiana by Marina Corradi, in Italian, Avvenire, 28 luglio 2013; Cardinal Ersilio Tonini passes away at 99, Rome Reports, 2013-07-29 12:56:57; Tonini e la capacità di incontrare laltro by Quinto Cappelli, Avvenire, 28 agosto 2013.

(1) He earned fame as archbishop of Ravenna, when he left his comfortable quarters in the archbishop's palace to minister to the poor derelicts and addicts in the streets and help out caring for the sick at the Saint Teresa Institute, where he continues to reside to this day. For this, he became known as "The Mother Teresa of Ravenna".
(2) This is the text of the telegram taken from the Press Office of the Holy See:
A Sua Eccelenza Rev.ma
Mons. Lorenzo Ghizzoni
Piazza Arcivescovado, 1
48121 Ravenna
Ho appreso con dolore la mesta notizia della morte del Signor Cardinale Ersilio Tonini, Arcivescovo emerito di Ravenna-Cervia, e nell'elevare fervide preghiere a Dio perché conceda il riposo eterno a questo zelante e generoso Pastore, mi unisco spiritualmente al cordoglio di codesta comunità diocesana dove egli esercitò con sollecitudine il ministero episcopale. Ricordo con ammirazione la sua feconda e molteplice attività apostolica, dapprima quale zelante presbitero del clero piacentino, in seguito come Vescovo di Macerata e Tolentino e poi come sollecito e amabile Arcivescovo di codesta Arcidiocesi, animato dal desiderio di annunciare Cristo attraverso un linguaggio semplice e incisivo e una autentica e coerente testimonianza di vita agli uomini e le donne del nostro tempo.
Nell'esprimere le mie sentite condoglianze a Lei, al clero, alle comunità religiose e a tutti i fedeli di codesta cara Arcidiocesi, di cuore imparto la confortatrice Benedizione Apostolica con un pensiero speciale per coloro che lo hanno amorevolmente assistito in questi ultimi anni.

Franciscus PP.

(3) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Press Office of the Holy See:
A Sua Eccellenza Rev.ma
Mons. Lorenzo Ghizzoni
Piazza Arcivescovado, 1
48121 Ravenna
Appresa la notizia della morte dell'Em.mo Cardinal Ersilio Tonini, arcivescovo emerito di Ravenna-Cervia, desidero esprimere a Vostra Eccellenza all'intera comunità diocesana il mio vivo cordoglio e mentre mi unisco alle preghiere di suffragio per il riposo eterno del defunto e benemerito cardinale, communicatore di Dio. Assicuro la mia spirituale vicinanza al dolore di quanti ne piangono scomparsa.

Cardinale Tarcisio Bertone
Segretario di Stato di Sua Santità


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TONTI, Giulio
(1844-1918)

Birth. December 9, 1844, Rome, Italy. Received the sacrament of confirmation, August 17, 1856.

Education. Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome (doctorates in philosophy, theology and utroque iure, both canon and civil law).

Priesthood. Ordained, December 21, 1867, Rome. Professor of theology and vice-rector of the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide," 1868-1879. Attached to the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs. Auditor of the nunciature in France, 1879-1882; in Portugal, 1882-1892. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Samos, July 11, 1892. Consecrated, July 25, 1892, church of the Dame del Sacro Cuore a Villa Lante, Rome, by Cardinal Vincenzo Vannutelli, assisted by Michele dei Baroni Zezza Zaponetta, titular bishop of Calcedonia, auxiliary of Naples, and by Augusto Berlucca, titular bishop of Elenopoli. Named apostolic delegate in Santo Domingo, Haiti, and Venezuela, August 10, 1892. Apostolic administrator, ad nutum Sanctæ Sedis, of the archdiocese of Port-au-Prince and diocese of Les Gonaïves, Haiti, February 24, 1893 (1). Promoted to the titular see of Sardes, July 15, 1893. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Port-au-Prince, retaining the administration of the diocese of Les Gonaïves, ad nutum et beneplacitum Sanctæ Sedis, October 1, 1894 (2). Attended the First Plenary Council of Latin America, Rome, 1898. Transferred to the titular see of Ancira, August 23, 1902. Nuncio in Brazil (3), August 27, 1902 (4). Nuncio in Portugal, October 4, 1906. Returned to Rome because of the Portuguese revolution, October 25, 1910.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 6, 1915; received the red hat and the title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti, December 9, 1915. Prefect of the S.C. of Religious, February 13, 1917. Member of the Council for the Administration of the Wealth of the Apostolic See, May 21, 1917.

Death. December 11, 1918, Rome. Buried in the tomb of the chapter of the patriarchal Vatican basilica in Campo Verano Cemetery, Rome.

Bibliography. "Cardinali defunti." Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1922, Città del Vaticano : Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1921, p. 66; De Marchi, Giuseppe. Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956. Pref. di Antonio Samoré. Roma : Edizioni di Storia e letteratura, 1957, pp. 79, 140, 216, 222 and 262; Pięta, Zenonem. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen IX (1903-1922). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 2002, pp. 16 and 25; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 100, 467, 496 and 501.

Link. Photographs, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 501; De Marchi, Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956, p. 140, says that he was named on February 8, 1893.
(2) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 467; De Marchi, Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956, p. 140, says that he was named on February 21, 1894.
(3) De Marchi, Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956, pp. 222 and 262, indicates that he was internuncio in Brazil although on p. 79, he says that the internunciature was elevated to nunciature on February 14, 1901.
(4) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 100; De Marchi, Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956, p. 79, says that he was named on July 21, 1902; the latter source, p. 140, says that he was named on June 21, 1902.


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TOPPO, Telesphore Placidus
(1939-

Birth. October 15, 1939, Chainpur, diocese of Gumla, India. He was the eighth of the ten children of Ambrose Toppo and Sofia Xalxo.

Education. St.Xavier's College, Ranchi (English honours, 1965); Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome (licentiate in theology); University of Ranchi, Ranci (master's in history). Besides his native tongue, Oraon, he knows he speaks: English, German, Hindi, Italian, Kurukh, Latin, Sadri, and Santhali.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 3, 1969, by Franciskus Von Streng, former bishop of Basel, Switzerland. Professor and assistant to the director of St. Joseph's High School, Torpa. Rector of the Minor Seminary of Ranchi from 1976. Founder of an apostolic school for the candidates to the priesthood from the Munda Tribe.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Dumka, June 8, 1978. Consecrated, October 7, 1978, Dudhani, by Pius Kerketta, S.J., archbishop of Ranchi, assisted by Leo Tigga, S.J., bishop of Raiganj, and by Joseph Robert Rodericks, S.J., bishop of Jamshedpur. Promoted to archbishop coadjutor of Ranchi, November 8, 1984. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Ranchi, August 7, 1985. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999; by papal appointment. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the title of Sacro Cuore di Gesù agonizzante a Vitinia, October 21, 2003. As an Oraon, of the Kurukh tribe, he is the first adivasi, or tribal cardinal of India. President of the Conference of Catholic Bishops of India (1), January 12, 2004 unitl February 19, 2008. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. President-delegate of the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 2005. Named member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economical Problems of the Holy See, June 23, 2012. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On March 29, 2014, he was confirmed as member of the Pontifical Council for Culture until the expiration of his mandate.

Links. Biographical data, in English, UCA News; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; The Church's scandals are having serious repercusions on Christians in India by Fabio Marchese Ragona, in English, Vatican Insider, 02/20/2012 .

(1) The bishops' conference is the organization that represents the three ritual traditions of the Catholic Church in India. It has 205 members of the Syro-Malabar, Syro-Malankaran and Latin rites.


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TOSI, O.Ss.C.A., Eugenio
(1864-1929)

Birth. May 6, 1864, Busto Arsizio, archdiocese of Milan, Italy .

Education. Seminary of Monza, Milan; Seminary of Milan, Milan.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 4, 1887, Milan. Vicar in Busto, Milan, 1887-1889. Joined the Oblates of Ss. Carlo e Ambrogio, Rho, October 24, 1889, Milan. Faculty member of the Missionary House of the Oblates, Rho, 1889-1909. Vicar general of Rimini, 1909-1911.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Squillace, April 5, 1911. Consecrated, April 16, 1911, Milan, by Cardinal Andrea Carlo Ferrari, archbishop of Milan, assisted by Pietro Viganò, titular bishop of Aezani, and by Giovanni Mauri, titular bishop of Famagusta, auxiliary of Milan. His episcopal motto was Ora et labora. Transferred to the diocese of Andria, March 22, 1917. Apostolic administrator of Squillace, August 10, 1917 to February 1918. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Milan, March 7, 1922. He entered the archdiocese on July 23, 1922.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 11, 1922; received the red hat and the title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti, December 14, 1922.

Death. January 7, 1929, after a long illness, of heart anemia, Milan. A week before his death, twelve bombs were found in the basement of the archiepiscopal palace shortly before they were set to explode. Although the cardinal was out of the city at the time, it was believed that his heart was affected following the discovery. Buried in front of the altar of Virgo potens in the metropolitan cathedral of Milan (1).

Bibliography. Cazzani, Eugenio. Vescovi e arcivescovi di Milano. Nuova ed. a cura di Angelo Majo, 2d ed. Milano : Massimo : NED, 1996. Note: Originally published 1955, now enlarged and updated, p. 287-288; Majo, Angelo. Storia della chiesa ambrosiana. 5 vols. 2nd ed. Milano : NED, 1983-1986, V, 11- 16-23, 27n, 37, 45 and 132.

Links. His arms, portrait and photograph, Araldica Vaticana; Serie cronologica dei vescovi di Milano (III-XXI secolo), in Italian, archdiocese of Milan.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

EVGENIVS TOSI
CARDINALIS
ARCHIEPISC. MEDIOLAN.
SEDIT ANN. VII
DEPOSITVS VIII IDVS JANVAR. MCMXXIX


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TOUCHET, Stanislas-Arthur-Xavier
(1842-1926)

Birth. November 13, 1842, Soliers, diocese of Bayeux, France. Nephew of Arthur-Xavier Ducellier, bishop of Bayonne and archbishop of Besançon.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Seminary of Saint-Sulpice, Paris.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 13, 1872, by his uncle the bishop. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Besançon, 1872-1894; vicar general and archdeacon of Belfort for six years..

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Orléans, May 18, 1894. Consecrated, July 15, 1894, metropolitan cathedral of Besançon, by Flavian-Abel-Antoine Hugonin, bishop of Bayeux, assisted by Abel-Anastase Germain, bishop of Coutances, and by Charles Theuret, bishop of Monaco. His episcopal motto was Spes ac robur. In October 1894, he was placed in charge of the cause of beatification of Jeanne d'Arc by Pope Leo XIII; she was proclaimed a blessed by Pope Pius X in 1910, and a saint by Pope Benedict XV in 1919; Pope Pius XI declared her secondary patron saint of France in 1922. He was a fierce opponent of the law of separation of Church and State in 1905. By consistorial decree of December 23, 1915, he was honored with the pallium, which he received the following December 24 from Cardinal Léon-Adolphe Amette, archbishop of Paris, in that city. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, June 19, 1922.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 11, 1922; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria sopra Minerva, December 14, 1922; took possession of the title the following December 22. He was member of the SS. CC. of Sacraments, Seminaries and Universities of Study, and the Reverend Fabric of St. Peter's basilica. In 1926, he consecrated the chapel of Sainte-Jeanne d'Arc in the north transept of the cathedral of Sainte-Croix of Orléans.

Death. September 23, 1926, at 5 p.m., after a few days of illness, Orléans. Buried in the cathedral of Orléans.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 505-506.

Links. His statue and bigraphy, in French, Wikipedia; giography by Benita Storch, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; cathedral of Sainte-Croix of Orléans, in French, Cimetières de France et dailleurs, there is a brief biography and photographs of the cardinal and his statue at the bottom of the page; Le maréchal Ferdinand Foch et le cardinal Touchet à la fête de Jeanne d'Arc à Orléans en 1920, photograph, Wikimedia.


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TRAGLIA, Luigi
(1895-1977)

Birth. April 3, 1895, Albano Laziale, Rome, Italy.

Education. Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 10, 1917, Rome, by Cardinal Basilio Pompilj, vicar of Rome. Further studies, 1917-1919. Faculty member of the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propogonda Fide," 1919-1936. Staff member of the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities and minutant in the S.C. for Propagation of Faith, 1927-1930. Assessor and subpromoter general of the faith in the S.C. for the Propagation of Faith, August 18, 1930. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, February 22, 1932. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, September 17, 1936.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina and appointed vice-gerent of Rome, December 21, 1936; occupied the post until March 28, 1960. Consecrated, January 6, 1937, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Cardinal Francesco Marchetti Selvaggiani, vicar general of Rome, assisted by Angelo Calabretta, bishop of Noto, and by Domenico Spolverini, titular archbishop of Larissa di Tessalia. His episcopal motto was Primum regnum Dei. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, January 19, 1951. President of the Special Committee for the Marian Holy Year, October 7, 1953. President of the Commission for the First Roman Synod, 1959.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 28, 1960; received the red hat and the title of S. Andrea della Valle, March 31, 1960. Pro-vicar general of Rome and its district, March 28, 1960. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. Vicar general of Rome and its district, March 30, 1965. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Resigned the vicariate, January 9, 1968. Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, January 13, 1968; resigned the post on February 7, 1973; the office was abolished on February 27, 1973. Opted for the title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, assigned to the chancellorship, April 28, 1969. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. Cardinal bishop of the title of the suburbicarian see of Albano, March 15, 1972. Elected vice-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals and confirmed by pope, March 24, 1972. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals and bishop of the title of suburbicarian see of Ostia, retaining the title of the suburbicarian see of Albano, January 7, 1974. Papal legate to the opening of Holy Door at the basilica of San Paolo fuori le mura, December 24, 1974. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, April 3, 1975.

Death. November 22, 1977, in a Roman clinic after a long illness. Buried, temporarily, Campo Verano cemetery, Rome. His remains were transferred to the basilica of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, Rome, in August 1982.

Links. Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his arms, photograph and portrait, Araldica Vaticana.


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TRINH-NHU-KHUÊ, Joseph-Marie
(1898-1978)

Birth. December 11, 1898, Trang-Duê, apostolic vicariate of Hà Nôi, Việt Nam.

Education. (No information found).

Priesthood. Ordained, April 1, 1933.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Sinao and appointed apostolic vicar of Hà Nôi, April 18, 1950. Consecrated, August 15, 1950, cathedral of Hà Nôi, by Thaddeus Le Huu Tu, O. Cist., titular bishop of Dafnusia, apostolic vicar of Phat Diem, assisted by Francisco Gómez de Santiago, titular bishop of Dausara, apostolic vicar of Haiphong, and by Pierre-Marie Pham-ngoc-Chi, titular bishop of Sozopoli di Ermimonto, apostolic vicar of Buichu. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Hanoi, November 24, 1960. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Reserved in pectore when the consistory was announced on April 28, 1976.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Francesco di Paola ai Monti, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, May 24, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. He was the first Vietnamese cardinal.

Death. November 27, 1978, of a heart attack, Hà Nôi. Buried in St. Joseph's metropolitan cathedral, Hà Nôi.

Link. His photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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TRINH VAN-CAN, Joseph-Marie
(1921-1990)

Birth. March 19, 1921, Trac But, apostolic vicariate of Việt Nam.

Education. Seminary of Hà Nôi, Hà Nôi.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 8, 1949, Hanoi. Successively, 1949-1963, in the archdiocese of Hà Nôi, pastoral ministry; vicar foraneous; vicar delegate; official of the ecclesiastical tribunal.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Ela and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession, of Hanoi, February 5, 1963. Consecrated, June 2, 1963, metropolitan cathedral of Hà Nôi, by Joseph-Marie Trin-nhu-Khuê, archbishop of Hà Nôi, assisted by Father J. Bich and Father Cung. Participated in the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Hà Nôi, November 27, 1978.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 30, 1979; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria in Via, June 30, 1979. Attended the the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; one of its three presidents delegate.

Death. May 18, 1990, of a heart attack in his office, in Hà Nôi. Buried in St. Joseph's metropolitan cathedral, Hà Nôi.

Link. His photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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TROCHTA, S.D.B., Stepán
(1905-1974)

Birth. March 26, 1905, Francova Lhota, archdiocese of Olomouc, Moravia, Austria-Hungary (later Czechoslovakia; now Czech Republic). His baptismal name was Stepán Maria. Having lost his father at the age of eight, he spent his early youth in hardship.

Education. After having finished elementary school, he was accepted in the archbishopric high school in Kromeriz, Olomouc; when his mother fell ill, he had to interrupt his studies to take care of their small farm. After his mother's recovery, he went to Italy, where he joined the Pious Society of St. Francis de Sales (Salesians of Don Bosco), 1923; after graduating from high school, he studied philosophy and theology at the Salesian Philosophical Institute, Turin; and the Salesian Athenaeum, also in Turin, where he received his doctorate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1932, Turin. After his ordination, he was sent to Frystak in central Moravia, where he worked he taught philosophy, pedagogy, and religion. Then, he was charged with building an apprentice home and the Saint John Bosco Church in Ostrava. Having successfully completed this assignment, he began, in 1937, the construction of an educational institute in Prague-Kobylisy, a project which, however, was stopped by the Nazi occupation. After the assassination of Schutzstaffel (SS) leader Reinhard Heydrich on June 4, 1942, the Gestapo and SS hunted down and murdered the Czech agents, resistance members, and anyone suspected of being involved in Heydrich's death, totaling over 1000 persons. Fr. Trochta was seized by the Gestapo, subjected to a number of brutal interrogations at the Prague Gestapo headquarters, and at the Prague Pankrac prison and subsequently deported to the Terezin concentration camp. From there, he was transferred to the Mauthausen extermination camp, but, by almost a miracle, he managed to escape, though wounded, from a death transport. Having being returned to camp, he was transferred to the Dachau concentration camp in December 1944, from where he was liberated by United Sates troops.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Litoměřice, September 27, 1947. Consecrated, November 16, 1947, Prague, by Xavier Ritter, titular archbishop of Aegina, nuncio in Czechoslovakia, assisted by Josef Beran, archbishop of Prague, and by Maurizio Picha, bishop of Hradec Králové. His episcopal motto was Actio sacrificum caritas. Impeded from exercising his pastoral ministry by the Communist regime, 1949-1968. In January 1953, he was arrested by the State Security Service, and, in July 1954, he was sentenced to twenty five years imprisonment on concocted charges of "espionage" and "anti-state activities." In June I960, Bishop Trochta was amnestied, but was not allowed to resume his clerical duties. For several years, he worked as a construction laborer, and then a plumber, doing such jobs as repairing toilets. After having suffered a stroke, he was allowed to retire to a home for priests, first in Tabor, and then in Radvanov. On July 20, 1968, at the time of the Prague Spring, the Supreme Court of Czechoslovakia struck down Bishop Trochta's sentence as a violation of legality, and on August 6, 1968, he resumed his office as residential bishop of Litoměřice.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest and reserved in pectore in the consistory of April 28, 1969; published in the consistory of March 5, 1973; received the red biretta and the title of S. Giovanni Bosco in via Tuscolana, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, April 12, 1973. At the time, he said he had not aspired to that office, but had not turned it down out of respect for the pope's wish. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; and the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. His last public ceremony was the March 1973 consecration of three bishops in Slovakia, and one in Moravia.

Death. April 6, 1974, Litoměřice; he suffered a stroke in the morning, was taken to a hospital, and died without having recovered consciousness. Buried in the bishops' tomb in the city cemetery of Litoměřice (1).

Bibliography. Trochta, Stepán. Kardinál Trochta mucedník Terezín, Mauthausen, Dachau. 2. vyd. Nove Mesto: Signum unitatis ve Vrchovinach, 1992.

Link. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

XVII EPISCOPUS
+ STEPHANUS MARIA
CARDINALIS
TROCHTA
TIT. S. IOANNIS BOSCO
IN VIA TUSCOLANA
OBIIT D.6.APRILIS 1974


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TUCCI, S.J., Roberto
(1921-

Birth. April 19, 1921, Naples, Italy. Son of Mario Tucci and Eugenia Watt Lega, an English and Anglican woman. He was baptized in the Church of England. When he announced his desire to become a Catholic, his mother immediately acquiesced with some enthusiasm. But not for theological reasons, but very simply because she thought that being an Italian, it was much better if he was Catholic. When he converted, he was baptized sub conditionem because it was thought that the very first baptism was valid as indeed it was. When he manifested his vocation to the priesthood, his mother opposed mostly because she felt he was too young to take such an important decision. When he was still a child, twice he ran away from home with some friends; when they became hungry, they went to the Jesuit novitiate of Vico Equense and thus he met the priests of the Society of Jesus; his father went to get him with the carabineri and brought him home in spite of his protests. He met and felt a great esteem for Father Alberto Giampieri, S.J., who was the director of a sodality of Our Lady (Marian Congregation) in Posillipo After his promotion to the cardinalate, he went to Naples and visited the small Anglican church where he had been baptized; the pastor welcomed him very kindly and had the book of baptisms open on the page where his was recorded and then he discovered that he had a double name: he had been baptized as Robert Francis.

Education. Entered the Society of Jesus on October 1, 1936. Jesuit Novitiate, Vico Equense, Naples (classics); Jesuit houses of study in Gallarate (licentiate in philosophy) and Naples (doctorate in philosophy); University of Louvain, Louvain, Belgium (licentiate in theology); Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (doctorate in theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, August 24, 1950. Further studies, Rome. Faculty member, Theological Faculty "San Luigi", Naples; founder and director of journal Digest religioso, later titled Rassegna di Teologia. Named member of board of writers of the journal La Civiltà Cattolica, 1956; director, 1959. Member of the preparatory commission on lay apostolate of the Second Vatican Council. Attended Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965 as a expert. Conducted a daily press conference during the last three sessions of the Council for the journalists accredited at the Vatican Press Office. Member of Post conciliar commission for the Apostolate of the Laity until the institution of the Consilium de Laicis. Consultor of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications, 1965-1989 and as such, member of the editorial committee of the pastoral instruction on social communications "Communio et progressio" in its final phase, 1970-1971. Participated in the Twenty First General Congregation of his order, 1965-1966. Awarded honorary degree in law by the University of Notre Dame in the occasion of the international congress on the Second Vatican Council. Secretary General of the Italian province of the Society of Jesus, 1967-1969. Guest and relator of the Fourth Assembly of the World Council of Churches, Uppsala, Sweden, July 1968. Member for several year of the editorial board of the international theological journal Concilium. Awarded journalistic prize of the American Catholic Press Association for the 1968 article that contributed the most to the promotion of ecumenism, 1969. Attended First Extraordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11-28, 1969; and the Second Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30-November 6, 1971, as member of the official Press Center. Vice-president of the Italian Catholic Press Union (UCSI), 1961-1982. Official counselor for ecumenism to the superior general of the Society of Jesus, Father Pedro Arrupe, 1970-1975. Joined Vatican Radio in 1973; director general until 1985. Consultor of the Secretariat for Christian Unity, 1973-1989. Participated in the XXII General Congregation of his order, 1974-1975 as an elected member. Guest at the Fifth Assembly of the World Council of Churches, Nairobi, Kenya, November-December 1975. Awarded the "Legion d'Honor" by France in 1976. Member of the board of directors of Georgetown University, Washington, United States, 1977-1983. Participated in the 33rd General Congregation of his order, 1983, in which was elected superior general Peter-Hans Kolvenbach. With the exception of the trips to France in 1980 and Austria in 1983, accompanied Pope John Paul II in all his international pilgrimages as organizer of the papal visits outside Italy. President of the Management Committee of Vatican Radio, January 1, 1986.

Episcopate. Requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal ordination and the dispensation was granted by Pope John Paul II.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 21, 2001; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio, February 21, 2001. His cardinalitial motto is In fide et charitate. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, April 19, 2001. On September 10, 2009, he was decorated with the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, rank of commander, by the French government. Opted for the order of cardinal priests in the consistory of February 21, 2011 and at his request his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title.

Links. "Un testimone della Chiesa contemporanea. A colloquio con il cardinale Roberto Tucci, una miniera di ricordi degli ultimi decenni vissuti da protagonista." With Mario Ponzi, L'Osservatore Romano, 23 dicembre 2009, internet edition; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Roberto Tucci: «Al Vaticano II vinse lo spirito di continuità» by Filippo Rizzi, Quellli del concilio/6, Avvenire, 20 giugno 2012.


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TUMI, Christian Wiyghan
(1930-

Birth. Wednesday October 15, 1930, in Way'ngoylum, a quarter in Kikaikilaki, diocese of Kumbo, Bui Division, North West Region, Cameroun (1). He is the fourth of seven children, five girls and two boys, of Thomas Tumi and Catherine La'ka, who is still alive and is about 111 years old; two boys died before the birth of Christian; the youngest child was a girl named Celine. He was baptized one week after his birth. His middle name, Wiyghan, means "he is on a journey and will be here just for a moment", reflecting pessimism given the early death of his two older brothers; it proved to be unfounded. His name is also listed as Christian Wiyghansaï Shaaghan. He received first communion in 1939.

Education. Initial studies at the Catholic school in Kikaikelaki; when the family went to Nigeria, he continued his primary studies at the school in Jos, where he obtained the First School Leaving Certificate; he decided to become a teacher, his first love, he started studying at the College of Mary Immaculate Kafanchan, Jos, Plateau Province, Nigeria, where he graduated three years later with a teacher's Grade III Certificate; while attending the college, a friend of his, Stephen Sunjo, a student at Saint Theresa Minor Seminary of Ibadan, inspired him with the idea of entering the priesthood; after a period of discernment, he entered the Saint Theresa Minor Seminary, Okeare, Ibadan, Nigeria in 1954; he obtained the Ordinary Level certificate five years later; Major Seminary of Ibadan; after his first year of philosophy, his family decided to return to Cameroun, and he followed them and transferred to the Seminary of Enugu, as a student of the diocese of Buea, where he had been received by its bishop; there, he studied philosophy and theology for six years; in 1969, he was sent to the Theological Faculty of Lyon, France, where he obtained a master's in philosophy; and two years later, one in theology; with permission from his bishop, he went to the Catholic University of Fribourg, Switzerland, for his post-graduate studies; he obtained a doctorate, magna cum laude, in philosophy in 1973.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 17, 1966, Regina Pacis cathedral grounds, Small Soppo Buea, by Julius Joseph Willem Peeters, M.H.M., bishop of Buea; he celebrated his first mass in his village, Way'ngoylum, on the following April 24. He ministered as curate of the parish of Fiango, Kumba, for a year; then he was named professor of philosophy at the Minor Seminary of Soppo, where he remained from 1967 until 1969; and also served as cathedral parish curate. Further studies in France and Switzerland, 1969-1973. He returned to Cameroun in 1973 and was curate of Bafut for a brief time. He was entrusted with the mission of setting up the Saint Thomas Aquinas Major Seminary, Bambui, archdiocese of Bamenda, which he opened with twelve students and was its rector from August 13, 1973 until 1979; he introduced the teaching of Hebrew and Greek, knowing these subjects were be indispensable to priests who would want to pursue further studies.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Yagoua, December 6, 1979. Consecrated, January 6, 1980, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagora, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Ferdinando Maggioni, titular bishop of Subaugusta, auxiliary of Milan. In the same ceremony was consecrated Carlo Maria Martini, S.J., archbishop of Milan, future cardinal. Promoted to coadjutor archbishop, with right of succession, of Garoua, November 19, 1982. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Garoua, March 17, 1984. He received the pallium in Garoua on January 6, 1985, from Donato Squicciarini, titular archbishop of Tiburnia, pro-nuncio in Cameroun, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. President of the Episcopal Conference of Cameroun from 1985 until 1991; and president of the Association of Episcopal Conferences of Central Africa, positions he used to ask for a Catholic University of Central Africa to be created in Yaounde; he served as the university's grand chancellor until November 11, 2009, when he stepped down. He welcomed Pope John Paul II in Garoua on August 11, 1985. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Apostolic visitator to the major seminaries in Malawi and Zambia.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Martiri dell'Uganda a Poggio Ameno, June 28, 1988. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; one of its three president delegates; member of its general secretariat, 1990-1994. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Douala, August 31, 1991; he was installed the following September 28; he was apostolic administrator of Garoua until the appointment of his successor, Bishop Antoine Ntalou of Yagova, on January 23, 1992. Received the pallium from Pope John Paul II in the patriarchal Vatican Basilica on June 29, 1992. Attended the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992; the Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; one of its three president delegates; member of the Council of the General Secretariat of the Special Assembly for Africa. Special papal envoy to the Ghana National Eucharistic Congress, Tamale, January 4 to 12, 1998. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. On October 15, 2005, when he turned seventy five years old, in accordance with the Code of Canon Law, canon 401 § 1, he submitted his resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Douala; the pope accepted the request nunc pro tunc, that is requesting that the cardinal should continue to govern the archdiocese for some time. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". His resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Douala was accepted by the pope on November 17, 2009; he was succeeded by Samuel Kleda, until then archbishop coadjutor of that see; the cardinal was apostolic administrator of the archdiocese until the installation of his successor on January 9, 2010. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on October 15, 2010. He is the first cardinal from Cameroun.

Bibliography. Lingo, Célestin. Christian Cardinal Wiyghan Tumi : premier Cardinal Camerounais. s.l. : s.n., 1995; Sofack, Noël. L'affaire cardinal Tumi d'octobre 2000 : un débat revisité : pour comprendre le rôle politique de l'Église dans un Etat laïc. Cameroon? : s.n., 2002; Tumi, Christian Wiyghan. Le Cardinal Christian W. Tumi face à la presse : texte intégral de la conférence de presse donnée à Yanoundé le 11 juin 1990. Yaoundé : s.n., 1990; Tumi, Christian Wiyghan. The political regimes of Ahmadou Ahidjo, and Paul Biya, and Christian Tumi, priest. Douala, Cameroon : s.n., MACACOS, 2006. Responsibility: Christian Wiyghansaï Shaaghan Cardinal Tumi ; preface by Paul Verdzekov; Tumi, Christian Wiyghan ; Oum, Edouard. Christian Cardinal W. Tumi : le normalien devenu cardinal. Yaoundé? : s.n., 2006. Note: "Ce livre est également publié en anglais sous le titre "From college of teachers to college of cardinals". Responsibility: entretiens avec Edouard Oum ; préface de Victor Tonye Bakot.

Links. Les Confessions du Cardinal Tumi, in French, Camerpress, Agence Camerounaise d'information; photographs, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) At the time of the cardinal's birth, Cameroun was a French and British mandate territory; it became independent on January 1, 1960, becoming the Republic of Cameroun.


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TURCOTTE, Jean-Claude
(1936-

Birth. June 26, 1936, Montréal, Canada. One of the seven children of Raymond Turcotte, an employee of a small hardware shop, and his wife.

Education. Initial studies in the parish school of Saint-Vincent-de-Paul in Laval; Collège André-Grasset, 1947-1955 (classics); Major Seminary, Montréal, 1954-1959 (licentiate in theology, 1959); Catholic Faculty, Lille, France (diploma in social pastoral, 1965).

Priesthood. Ordained, May 24, 1959, church of Saint-Vincent-de-Paul de Laval, by Laurent Morin, bishop of Prince-Albert. Pastoral ministry, Montréal, 1959-1964: vicar of the parish of Saint-Mathias-Apôtre; assistant to the diocesan chaplain of J.O.C, 1961-1964. Further studies, Lille, 1964-1965. At his return to Montréal, he became diocesan chaplain of Jeunesse Indépendante Catholique Féminine and of Mouvement des Travailleurs Chrétiens. In 1967 he was called to the Office of the Clergy and made responsible for seminarians, secretary of the Commission des Traitements, responsible for studies and permanent formation of the clergy, 1972-1974. Named director of the Office of Parochial Pastoral in 1974. Became procurator of the diocese in 1977. Canon titular of the metropolitan chapter, he was named vicar general and general coordinator of pastoral, September 25, 1981.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Suas and appointed auxiliary of Montréal, April 14, 1982. Consecrated, June 29, 1982, metropolitan cathedral of Montréal, by Paul Grégoire, archbishop of Montréal, assisted by Andrea Maria Cimichella, titular bishop of Quiza, auxiliary of Montréal, and by Leonard James Crowley, titular bishop of Mons in Numida, auxiliary of Montréal. His episcopal motto is Servir le Seigneur dans la Joie. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Montréal, March 17, 1990. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 26, 1994; received the red biretta and the title of Nostra Signora del SS. Sacramento e Santi Martiri Canadesi, November 26, 1994. On June 6, 1995, McGill University of Montréal granted him an honorary doctorate in theology. Named member of Council of Cardinals for Study of Organizational and Economic Problems of Holy See, November 6, 1995. Named an officer of the Order of Canada in 1996 by Governor General Roméo Leblanc. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997; president of the commission for the final message. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. In July 2007, he received an honorary doctorate in law from Concordia University, Montréal. On September 11, 2008, he returned his Order of Canada insignia in protest of the induction of pro-choice activist Henry Morgentaler on July 1, 2008. The return of his insignia happened later than that of others who had protested against Morgentaler's entry because Cardinal Turcotte had hoped that the Consultative Council for the Order of Canada would revise its decision. Eventually, fearing that his silence on the matter might be misinterpreted, the cardinal renounced his title of officer of the Order of Canada and returned his insignia. This became effective on June 1, 2009. The pope accepted the resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Montréal on March 20, 2012. He was apostolic administrator of the archdiocese until the installation of his successor, Archbishop Christian Lépine. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints on December 19, 2013.

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des évêques catholiques du Canada. les diocèses catholiques canadiens des Églises latine et orientales et leurs évêques; repères chronologiques et biographiques, 1658-2202. Ottawa : Wilson & Lafleur, 2002. (Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), pp. 846-847; Turcotte, Jean-Claude ; Maisonneuve, Pierre. Jean-Claude Turcotte : l'homme derrière le cardinal. Ottawa : Novalis, 1998. (Les grandes entrevues Pierre Maisonneuve; Variation: Grandes entrevues Pierre Maisonneuve).

Links. Photgraph and biography, in French, diocèse de Montréal; and his arms and photographs, Araldica Vaticana; Sur les médias: cardinal Jean-Claude Turcotte TÉMOIN , in French, YouTube; Sur l'êducation de la foi: le cardinal Jean-Claude Turcotte in French, YouTube.


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TURKSON, Peter Kodwo Appiah
(1948-

Birth. October 11, 1948, Wassaw Nsuta, diocese of Sekondi-Takoradi, Ghana. His father was a Catholic and his mother a Methodist; she became a Catholic after marriage. He is the fourth of ten children; he now has 30 nephews and nieces, the children of eight of his brothers and sisters (one brother died in a plane crash some years ago). His African name, Kodwo, means "Monday" in his native language; the local tradition is to name each child by the day of the week he or she is born on; since there were ten children in the family and seven days in a week, two of the children are named Friday and three are named Sunday; the cardinal is the only Monday.

Education. Studied at St. Teresa's Minor Seminary, Amisano; at St. Peter's Regional Seminary, Pedu (philosophy); at the Seminary of St. Anthony-on-Hudson, Rensselaer, New York (bachelor in theology); at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, 1976 to 1980 (licentiate in Sacred Scripture); 1987 to 1992 (doctorate in Sacred Scripture). Besides English and his native Fante, he also speaks French, Italian, German and Hebrew fluently, and has written knowledge of Latin and Greek.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 20, 1975, by John Kodwo Amissah, archbishop of Cape Coast. Professor in St. Teresa's Minor Seminary, 1975-1976. Further studies in Rome 1976-1980. Professor in St. Teresa's Minor Seminary again; professor of Sacred Scripture and vice-rector in St. Peter's Major Seminary, Pedu; pastoral ministry in a parish annexed to the seminary. Further studies in Rome, 1987-1992. While studying in Rome, he could not defend his doctoral dissertation because, when the archbishop of Cape Coast died suddenly, Pope John Paul II named Father Turkson to succeed him.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Cape Coast, October 6, 1992. Consecrated, March 27, 1993, cathedral of Saint Francis de Sales, Cape Coast, by Dominic Kodwo Andoh, archbishop of Accra, assisted by Peter Poreku Dery, archbishop of Tamale, and by Peter Kwasi Sarpong, bishop of Kumasi. His episcopal motto is Vivere Christus est. Attended the Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Treasurer of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar (SECAM). Chancellor of the Catholic University College of Ghana. Member of the University Council of the University of Ghana, Legon; the National Sustainable Development Council of the Ministry of Environment; the board of directors of the Central Regional Development Committee; and the board of trustees of the Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem Educational Fund.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the title of S. Liborio, October 21, 2003. He is the first cardinal from Ghana. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; elected member of the council of the General Secretariat of the Synod of Bishops, October 22, 2008. He played a decisive role promoting the peace during the presidential election of December 7, 2008, when no candidate received more than 50% of the votes; and the run-off election on the following December 28. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World"; its relator general. Named president of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax on October 24, 2009. Named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on June 12, 2012. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On September 24, 2013, he was confirmed by the pope as president of the Pontifical Council Iustitita et Pax until the end of the current quiquennium (October 24, 2014). He was confirmed as member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on November 30, 2013. On December 8, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the official ceremony in memory of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, former president of South Africa, which took place in Johannesburg, South Africa, on Tuesday December 10, 2013.

Links. Photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; The rising star of justice and peace by Robert Mickens, The Tablet, London, 31 October 2009; Cardinal Turkson defends gays against unfavourable Ugandan law , Vatican Insider, 03/ 4/2014.


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TZADUA, Paulos
(1921-2003)

Birth. August 25, 1921, Addifini, eparchy of Asmara of Ethiopians, Ethiopia.

Education. Seminary of Cheren, Asmara; Italian Lyceum "Ferdinando Martini", Asmara; Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy (doctorate in law).

Priesthood. Ordained, March 12, 1944. Pastoral ministry in Asmara, 1944-1946; in the mission of Guarghe, south of Addis Abeba, 1946-1949. In Eritrea, faculty member, Minor Seminary, 1949-1953; further studies, Asmara, 1949-1953; in Milan, Italy, 1953-1958. Secretary to the bishop of Asmara and to the archbishop of Addis Abeba, 1960-1961. Secretary general of the Episcopal Conference of Ethiopia. In Addis Abeba, pastoral ministry with university students and service as archdiocesan curia official; faculty member, University of Addis Abeba, 1961-1973.

Episcopate.Elected titular bishop of Abila di Palestina and appointed auxiliary of Addis Abeba, March 1, 1973. Consecrated, May 20, 1973, by Asrate Mariam Yemmeru, archbishop of Addis Abeba, assisted by Frangois Abraha, bishop of Asmara, and by Sebhat-Leab Worku, S.D.B., bishop of Adigrat. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Elected president of the Episcopal Conference of Ethiopia, 1974. Promoted to the metropolitan archeparchy of Addis Abeba, February 24, 1977. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; member of its general secretariat, 1980-1983. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly the of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 25, 1985; received the red biretta and the title of SS. Nome di Maria a Via Latina, May 25, 1985. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Member of the Commission of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, 1989. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; one of the three president delegates. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; member of its general secretariat, 1994-1998. Resigned the pastoral government of the metropolitan archeparchy, September 11, 1998. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, August 25, 2001. He was the first Ethiopian cardinal.

Death. December 11, 2003, in the morning, Rome. His funeral mass, presided over by Pope John Paul II, was celebrated in the patriarchal Vatican basilica on the following Tuesday December 16. He was buried in Saints Peter and Paul Catholic Cemetery, Addis Abeba, on Sunday December 21.

Link. His arms and photographs, Araldica Vaticana.

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