The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
(1903-2011)
Z

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ZERBA, Cesare
(1892-1973)

Birth. April 15, 1892, Castelnuovo Scrivia, diocese of Tortona, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Stazzano; at the Seminary of Tortona; at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome; and at the University of Pavia.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 4, 1915. Military chaplain during the First World War, 1915-1919. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Rome, 1919-1962. Staff member in the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments, 1924-1939. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, June 30, 1932. Domestic prelate of His Holiness and prelate of the Supreme Tribunal of Apostolic Signature, April 23, 1939. Undersecretary of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments, May 5, 1939; secretary, December 18, 1958.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Colosse, August 28, 1962. Consecrated, September 21, 1962, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Francesco Carpino, titular archbishop of Sardica, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial, and by Pietro Parente, titular archbishop of Teolemaide di Tebaide, assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office. In the same ceremony were consecrated future Cardinals Paul-Pierre Philippe, O.P., Pietro Palazzini, and Enrico Dante. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. His episcopal motto was Arx mea Dominus.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 1965; received the red biretta and the title of Nostra Signora del Sacro Cuore in Piazza Navona, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, February 25, 1965. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, April 15, 1972.

Death. July 11, 1973, of diabetes, in his residence in Rome. Buried in the cemetery delle Grazie, in Castelnuovo Scrivia. A street was named after him in his native town. On July 11, 2013, the 40th anniversary of his death, a mass was celebrated in the parish of Ss. Pietro e Paolo, in Castelnuovo Scrivia and the collection Quaderni di Teologia was established in his memory.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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ZOUGRANA, M.Afr., Paul
(1917-2000)

Birth. September 3, 1917, Ouagadougou, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso). He was the eldest of eight children, seven boys and one girl.

Education. At a young age he entered the primary school in Ouagadougou, conducted by the White Sisters; in 1926, he entred the the newly opened Minor Seminary of Pabré; in 1935, he attended the Seminary of Kuomi; later, studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome; and finally, studied at the Catholic Institute, Paris.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 2, 1942, by Joanny Thévenoud M.Afr., titular bishop of Satifis, vicar apostolic of Ouagadougou, in Rome. Pastoral ministry in Ouagadougou, 1942-1948. Joined the Society of Missionaries of Africa, 1948, Ouagadougou. Further studies, 1948-1953. Faculty member of the Seminary of Koumi, 1954-1959. Pastoral ministry in Ouagadougou, 1954-1960. Director of the Social Information Center, 1959-1960.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Ouagadougou, April 8, 1960. Consecrated, May 8, 1960, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Napoléon-Alexandre La Brie, titular bishop of Ilta, national director of the Pontifical Missionary Work of Canada, French sector, and by Fulton John Sheen, titular bishop of Cesariana, auxiliary of New York, national director of the Pontifical Missionary Work of the United States of America. In the same ceremony were consecrated future Cardinals Jérôme Rakotomalala, archbishop of Tananarive; Bernard Yago, archbishop of Abidjan; and Peter Poreku Dery, bishop of Wa. His episcopal motto was In Christo et in Ecclesia. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 1965; received the red biretta and the title of S. Camillo agli Orti Sallustiani, February 25, 1965. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974; one of its three president delegates. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Special papal envoy to the Second National Eucharistic Congress and the closing of the centennial of the evangelization, Kinshasa, Zaïre, June 22 to 29, 1980. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; member of its general secretariat, 1980-1983. Member of the Council of Cardinals for Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy see, May 31, 1981. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; member of its general secretariat, 1983-1986; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; as special guest; member of its general secretariat until 1987. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Ouagadougou, June 10, 1995. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, September 3, 1997. He was the first cardinal from Upper Volta.

Death. Sunday June 4, 2000, in Ouagadougou. His funeral mass was celebrated at Ouagadougou's Municipal Stadium on Saturday, June 10, 2000. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, in Ouagadougou.

Link. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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ZUBEIR WAKO, Gabriel
(1941-

Birth. February 27, 1941, Mboro, diocese of Wau, Sudan (now South Sudan). From the tribe Belanda Bviri from the south of the country. Son of Placido Wako Tagia, who died in 1990, and Felicita Juno.

Education. Initial studies at the primary schools in Mboro in 1947); and at Nyamlel, diocese of Wau from 1948 to 1950; attended intermediate school from 1951 to 1955 at St. Anthony's Minor Seminary, in Bussere, Wau; studied philosophy from 1956 to 1959) at St. Paul's National Major Seminary, Tore River, Yei; studied theology from 1960 to 1963 at the same seminary; later, studied theology at the Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, from 1968 to 1969; and at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, from 1969 to 1971, where he obtained a licentiate in pastoral theology in 1971. He speaks English, Italian and German.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 21, 1963, Wau, by Ireneus Wien Dud, titular bishop of Barcuso, apostolic vicar of Wau, Sudan (1). In 1963, he became vice-pastor in Kwajok; and at the same time, named inspector for the Christian Religious Education in the schools of the Gogrial District. Nine months after his priestly ordination, all the missionaries were expelled from Sudan and he became rector of the Minor Seminary of Wau. Further studies in Rome from 1968 until 1971. From 1972 to 1974, in the apostolic vicariate of Wau, he was procurator economous; vicar-delegate of Bishop Dud; and provincial commissary of the Scouts.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Wau, December 12, 1974. Consecrated, April 6, 1975, metropolitan cathedral of St. Therese of the Infant Jesus, Juba, by Cardinal Agnelo Rossi, prefect of the S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples, assisted by Ubaldo Calabresi, titular archbishop of Fondi, pro-nuncio in Sudan, and by Ireneus Wien Dud, archbishop of Juba. His episcopal motto is The truth will set you free. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. President of the Sudan Catholic Bishops Conference from 1978 to 1990; from 1992 to 1999; and again, since 2012. Promoted to archbishop coadjutor of Khartoum, October 30, 1979. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Khartoum, October 10, 1981. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983. Member of the Pontifical Council for Inter-Religious Dialog from 1985 to 1995; and consultor of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples from 1993 to 1998. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8,1985. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October to 30, 1987. Attended the Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of October 21, 2003; received the red biretta and the title of S. Atanasio a Via Tiburtina, October 21, 2003. Member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples; and of the Pontifical Councils Cor Unum; and for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". He narrowly escaped an assassination attempt during mass celebrating the feast day of Saint Daniel Comboni, on October 10, 2010, when a man identified as Hamdan Mohamed Abdurrahman rose during the Glory and rushed toward the prelate with a knife, but was stopped by the cardinal's master of ceremonies. The cardinal has frequently complained about the growth of Islamic fundamentalism in the country and criticized Arab groups for their anti-Black violence. Throughout more than two decades of conflict, the cardinal has been a constant voice of reason, calling for peace, mercy, and forgiveness in a land scarred by war. Nearly three million lost their lives as Sudan bounced from one war to another. Yet the cardinal's consistent message has been one of reconciliation. He is passionate about music, especially for liturgical celebrations. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. He is the first Sudanese cardinal.

Link. Photograph and biography, in English, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, archdiocese of Khartoum; photograph and brief biographical data, in English, archdiocese of Khartoum; photographs and biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; his photograph and episcopal motto, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) The apostolic vicariate of Wau was elevated to diocese on November 18, 1974 and Fr. Zubeir Wako would be named its first bishop.

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