The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope John XIX (1024-1032)
Creation of 1025 (I)


(1) 1. PONZIO, Giovanni (?-1033)

Birth. (No date or place found). His last name is also listed as Pontius.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Bishop cardinalis of Porto in 1025 (1). Consecrated (no information found).

Death. 1033, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 10; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 132, no. 1.

(1) This is according to Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 132, no. 1, which indicates that Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 1, says that he occupied the see of Porto from 1012 or 1025, confusing him with Cardinal Benedetto de Potio (1012).

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(2) 2. PIETRO (?-1049)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. Son of Marozia, sister of Popes Benedict VIII and John XIX. Cousin of Pope Benedict IX. Grandson of Count Gregorio I di Tusculum. He is also listed as Petrus II.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Bishop cardinalis of Silva Candida (or Santa Rufina) in 1025, or 1026. Consecrated (no information found). Participated in the Roman Synod of 1026. Three days later, on December 17, 1026, he received the privilege by which, inter alia, he was to anoint and consecrate the emperor and to be the legal representative of the pope, when the latter was ill or was unable to perform the ceremony. Subscribed a papal bull issued by Pope Benedict IX in favor of the church of Florence, with which he confirmed a privilege granted by Pope John XIX. Chancellor and librarian of the Holy Roman Church in the pontificate of Pope Benedict IX. In November 1037, he received from the pope the privilege of enthroning the Roman pontiff on the Apostolic See; the title of the document was Convenit apostolico; the pope also gave his successors in the see of Silva Candida the post of librarian of the Holy Roman Church.

Death. 1049 (1), (no place found). Buried in the church of S. Alessio all'Aventino, next to the tomb of his mother, with an epitaph in verses.

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. ; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 132, no. 2; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. IX; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, LIII, 34; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 516 and 520.

Link. Biography, in German.

(1) This is according to Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae, p. IX; and his biography in German, linked above. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 132, no. 2, says that he died on October 6, 1035. Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni, LIII, 34, says that he died in 1035.

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(3) 3. GIOVANNI (?-before 1033)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Presbyter cardinalis of the title of S. Crisogono ca. 1025. On December 17, 1026, he subscribed a privilege in favor of the bishop of Silva Candida, concerning the anointing and consecration of the emperor.

Death. Before 1033, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 97 and 98; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 776, no. 10; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 92; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 132-133, no. 6; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 516.

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(4) 4. GIOVANNI (?-before 1049)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. CPresbyter cardinalis of the title of S. Maria in Trastevere ca. 1025. Subscribed a papal bull issued in September 1025.

Death. Before 1049, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 54; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 133, no. 7; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p.XVI; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 516.

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(5) 5. GIOVANNI (ca. 1001-1039)

Birth. Ca. 1001, Rome. Of a patrician family. He is also listed as Joannes I.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Deacon cardinalis of S. Agata in Suburra ca. 1025 (or 1024, or 1030). Subscribed papal bulls issued in September 1025; and March 28 and September 1027. Replaced Cardinal deacon Pietro as chancellor of the Holy Roman Church. He attended, together with Pope John XIX, the consecration of the patriarchal cathedral of Aquileia, erected by Poppone, patriarch of that see, on July 13, 1031.

Episcopate. Named bishop of Palestrina by Pope Benedict IX on December 2, 1036 (1). He consecrated the altar of the diaconal church of S. Agata in Suburra in honor of Our Lord Jesus Christ.

Death. December 13, 1040, at 38 years of age (2), (no place found). Buried in his former deaconry, between his brothers Pietro and Andrea, with a long epitaph.

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 133, no. 10; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, XXXI, 70-71; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 514, 515, 516 and 517.

(1) He may be the same as, or confused with, Cardinal Giovanni, bishop of Palestrina (1043).
(2) This is according to Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae, p.XVI; and Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni, XXXI, 71. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 133, no. 10, says that he died on December 13, 1039, at 38 years of age.

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