The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Victor II (1055-1057)
Consistory of 1055 (I)


(1) 1. PIETRO (?-after December 12, 1062)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Petrus II.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Labico (Frascati) in a consistory celebrated in 1055 (1). Consecrated (no information found). He seems to have been a candidate to succeed Pope Victor II in the election that took place in Florence on August 2, 1057, in which Pope Stephen IX (X) was elected. He appears in a papal document issued in Lucca on October 18, 1057. Together with Cardinal Humbert, bishop of Silva Candida, he returned to Rome from Florence in the spring of 1058. He opposed the election of Antipope Benedict X on April 5, 1058. He accepted an invitation from Abbot Desiderio of Montecassino in April 1058, and spent Easter in that monastery. In December 1058, he consecrated, with Cardinal Humbert, churches in Mount Muro and Coltibuono, Florence. On April 13, 1059, in the synod celebrated in Florence, he subscribed the decree In Nomine Domine, regulating the papal elections. In May 1059, he was in Rome; in the same month, he subscribed the letter of Pope Nicholas II letter to the clergy of Amalfi. He subscribed papal bulls issued in Florence on January 8, 16 and 20, 1060; and on April 16, 19 and 28, 1060, at the Lateran palace; also in Rome, he subscribed another papal bull issue in May 1061. Participated in the papal election of 1061, in which Pope Alexander II was elected. He last subscribed a papal bull on December 12, 1062.

Death. After December 12, 1062, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 128; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 809, no. 1; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. ; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137, no. 1; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. XIX; Ganzer, Klaus. Die entwicklung des auswärtigen kardinalats im hohen mittelater ; ein beitrag zur geschichte des kardinalkollegiums vom 11. bis 13. jahrhundert. Tügingen : Niemeyer, 1963. (Bibliotek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rome, band XXVI), p. ; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 138-139, no. 2; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : Hermann Gentner Verlag, 1957, p. 117, no. 16; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 11, no. ; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 557 and 563.

Links. Biography, in Italian.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 137, no. 1. Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae, p. XIX, says that he was elected ca. 1050 and that he was the first cardinal bishop of that see and his successors were promoted to the cardinalitial dignity.

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(2) 2. GIOVANNI (?-after May 6, 1065)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Joannes IV.

Education. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Tivoli in 1030; he was already installed by August of that year; occupied the see until 1059. Consecrated (no information found). He appears in documents between May 28, 1030 and May 6, 1065.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Tivoli in a consistory celebrated in 1055. Participated in the Lateran Synod of April 1059.

Death. After May 6, 1065, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 128; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 810, no. II; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. 733; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 137, no. 1; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1178, no. 2.

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