The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Victor II (1055-1057)
Consistory of 1057 (II)


(3) 1. BENEDETTO (?-after April 1060)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Velletri before May 13, 1057. He subscribed the papal bull "Convenit apostolico moderamini" issued by Pope Victor II on May 13, 1057 confirming the possessions, freedoms and privileges of the monastery of St. Bertin in Omer, at the request of its Abbot Bovone. In August 1057, he was one of the persons proposed as a candidate to succeed Pope Victor II. He subscribed the papal bull "Si erga fidelium" issued by Pope Stephen IX (X) on October 18, 1057 confirming the privileges of the clergy of the diocese of Lucca. At the death of Pope Stephen IX (X), he supported those who wanted to restore the dependency of the papacy on the nobility. As this attempt had failed, Cardinal Benedetto lost his diocese at the Synod of April 1060; the see was then referred to Cardinal Pietro Damiano, O.S.B.Cam., bishop of Ostia (1). From then on, the sees of Velletri and Ostia remained united "ad hoc" until 1150, when Pope Eugenius II united them officially. The initial union of the sees resulted in a gap in the number of cardinal bishops -seven-, which was soon closed with the inclusion of the diocese of Sabina.

Death. After April 1060, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48) A revision of the author's thesis, Gvttingen, 1975, p. 144 no. 3; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : H. Gentner, 1957, p. 33-34; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 552, no. 4367; and p. 554, no. 4373; Schwartz, Gerhard. Die Besetzung der Bistümer Reichsitaliens unter den sächsischen und salischen Kaisern : mit den Listen der Bischöfe, 951-1122. Leipzig ; Berlin : B.G. Teubner, 1913. Contents: Die Besetzung der italienischen Bistümer 951-1122 -- Bischofslisten der italienischen Bistümer 951-1122., p. 275.

(1) This is according to Klewitz, Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg, p. 34. None of the other sources consulted mention this detail.

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(4) 2. BENNONE (?-1098 or 1099)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in a consistory celebrated in 1057; his title is not known. On May 4, 1082, he protested against the use of church property for war purposes; at that time his title is mentioned for the first time: "Beno card. S. Martini". In February 1084, he joined the obedience of Antipope Clement III and subscribed his bull of November 4, 1084. On August 7, 1098 he participated, as archipresbiter cardinalium, in the schismatic council at Rome, convoked by the antipope. He was author of the several propagandist works against Gregory VII and Urban II, including Gesta Romanae Aecclesiae contra Hildebrandum (1).

Death. 1098 or 1099, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 277; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137, no. 2; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48) A revision of the author's thesis, Gvttingen, 1975, p. 191 no. 2; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : H. Gentner, 1957, p. 38 note 97, 66 and 73.

(1) Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Scriptores. Libelli de lite imperatorum e pontificium 2, p. 369 ff.

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(5) 3. ARIBONE (?-ca. 1061)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Aribone Primischino (first archivist of the Holy Roman Church).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1057 (1); his deaconry is not known. First archvist of the Holy Roman Church. He substituted for Anonis, archchancellor of the Holy Roman Church, archbishop of Cologne, from January to July 1557. Subscribed papal bulls issued on May 8 and 13, and July 7, 1057. Attended the Lateran Synod celebrated on April 13, 1059; appears as a subscriber of its documents.

Death. Ca. 1061, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 126; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137, no. 3; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 549, 552 and 553.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 137, no. 3. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 126, includes him among the cardinals created by Pope Leo IX.

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