The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Antipope Benedict X (1058-1059)
Consistory of October 2, 1058 (I)


(1) 1. RAINIERO (?-after November 22, 1061)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. He is also listed as Ranieri, Rainier and Rainerius.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. On February 27, 1041, he appears as abbot of the monastery of Ss. Cosma e Damiano in Trastevere, Rome.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal bishop of Palestrina in the consistory of October 2 (or 12), 1058; he also became rector and dispensator of the monastery of Ss. Cosma e Damiano. Consecrated (no information found). He lost his diocese during the pontificate of Pope Nicholas II; by January 8, 1060, there was a successor occupying the see. He claimed the abbacy and on November 22, 1061, he is mentioned as abbot for the last time.

Death. After November 22, 1061, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 18; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 139, no. 1; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. XVI; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 108-109, no. 2; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : Hermann Gentner Verlag, 1957, p. 117, no. 11a.

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