The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Alexander II (1061-1073)
Consistory of 1061 (I)


(1) 1. ROMANO (?-a. 1063)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Romain and Romani.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Clemente in a consistory celebrated in 1061.

Death. Ca. 1063, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 161; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 843, no. XIX; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 84; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 141, no. 10; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 20.

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(2) 2. EMANNO (?-after July 1088)

Birth. (No date or place found). Of the Cibo (or Cybo) family. He is also listed as Ermanno and Erimanno.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Quattro Coronati in a consistory celebrated in 1061 (1). Legate in Corsica in the pontificate of Pope Gregory VII. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April and July 1088. Cardinal protoprete in the pontificate of Pope Urban II. Legate to bring the pallium to the new archbishop of Milan.

Death. After July 1088, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 156-157; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 841, no. XV; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 152; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 141, no. 11; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 15; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 657 and 659.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted except Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia, I, 657, which mentions a Cardinal deacon Herimanus without mentioning his deaconry.

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(3) 3. UDEBERTO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Ildeberti, Idelberto, Hudebert, Hudebertus and Hildebert.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1061; his deaconry is not known. Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church in 1061; in this capacity, he subscribed papal bulls issued between January 1063 and January 1069.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 167; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 845, no. XXX; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 145, no. 37; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 30; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 567.

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(4) 4. LEONE, O.S.B. (?-1088)

Birth. (No date or place found).He is also listed as Leo and Léon.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines).

Priesthhod. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin in a consistory celebrated ca. 1061 (1). Subscribed a papal bull issued in December 1062 in Anagni. He may have been named archdeacon and first cardinal camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church after the election of Cardinal Ildebrando, O.S.B., to the papacy in 1073 (2).

Death. 1088, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 166; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 845, no. XXVIII; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 259; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 144, no. 36; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 28.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 144, no. 36; and Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1179, no. 28. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 259, says that he was promoted to the cardinalate in 1062.
(2) Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 166, indicates that according to some writers, he may have joined the obedience of Antipope Clement III.

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