The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Nicholas II (1058-1061)
Consistory celebrated in 1061 (III)


(12) 1. GAUDENZIO (?-after January 30, 1064)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Gaudentius.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. He signed a document in favor of the monastery of Farfa, April 28, 1060; it is not known in what capacity he signed.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Anastasia in a consistory celebrated in 1061 (1). On January 30, 1064, he appears as a witness in a document of Cardinal Gregorio of Tusculum for the monastery S. Agata, Tusculum.

Death. After January 30, 1064 (2), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 95; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 140, no. 6; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 145, no. 2; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 8; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 563.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 140, no. 6. Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1179, no. 8, says that he was created cardinal by Pope Alexander II.
(2) This is according to Hüls, Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130, p. 145, no. 2. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 95, indicates that in 1063 his title was occupied by a Cardinal Penno.

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(13) 2. MINUZZO, Giovanni (?-ca. 1090)

Birth. (No date or place found). His last name is also listed as Minutus and Minuto. The surname Minutus comes from Gaeta.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Maria in Trastevere in a consistory celebrated in 1061 (1). He appears in a document issued between June and August 1066, as ecclesia S. Petri apostoli cardinalis; the document concerned Bernardo, bishop of Populonia, and the oblationes, primitias ac decimas frugum from the island of Elba. He subscribed a papal bull issued on May 10, 1067, at the Lateran palace, in favor of the monastery of Montecassino; he also subscribed a papal bull issued on June 20, 1068, concerning the church of Ferrara. Legate of Pope Alexander II in Milan, with Cardinal Mainardo, O.S.B.Cas., bishop of Silva Candida, August 1, 1067. Legate in England in 1070, with Cardinal Pietro of S. Crisogono; they attended the Council of Winchester. Named bishop of Labico probably before November 13, 1073 (2). Legate during the pontificate of Pope Gregory VII. He subscribed a papal bull issued on July 8, 1089, concerning Antipope Clement III.

Death. Ca. 1090, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 54; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 140, no. 7; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 187-188, no. 2; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 9; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 566, 578, 581, 583, 657 and 663.

Webgraphy. Biography by Tommaso Di Carpegna Falconieri, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 56 (2001), Treccani.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 140, no. 7. Mas Latrie, Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1179, no. 9, includes him among the cardinals created by Pope Alexander II. Regesta pontificum Romanorum, I, 566, says: qui sub Alexandro II. presbyter card. tit. S. Mariae trans Tiberim fuit.
(2) He may be confused with Giovanni Minuto, bishop of Labico (1080).

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