The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Alexander II (1061-1073)
Consistory of 1062 (II)


(5) 1. PIETRO (?-before 1065)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Pietro III of Frascati.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Abbot of the monastery of S. Benedetto in Salerno.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Frascati in a consistory celebrated in 1062. Consecrated (no information found). He was present at the promulgation of a papal sentence in favor of the monastery of S. Giustina in Lucca in 1062. He attended the Synod of Lucca with the pope on December 12, 1062.

Death. Before 1065, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 26; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 141, no. 1; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. XIX.

Link. Biography, in Italian, diocese of Frascati.

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(6) 2. UBALDO (?-after April 5, 1094)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Ubaldus.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Sabina in a consistory celebrated in 1062 (1). Consecrated (no information found). Subscribed papal bulls issued between December 1062 and the beginning of 1069. In October 1063; March 1065; April 1065; and on May 6, 1065, he was present in the Lateran palace. He attended the dedication of the main church of the monastery of Montecassino by Pope Alexander II; and on October 1, 1071, the cardinal consecrated the altar of Saint Gregory. Participated in the papal election of 1073, in which Pope Gregory VII was elected. On September 18, 1073, he consecrated the altar of the church of S. Cecilia, Rome. In December 1079 and April 1080, he was in Farfa. On June 8, 1085, he went with Abbot Desiderio of Montecassino to Capua. Participated in the papal election of 1086, in which Pope Victor III was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1088, celebrated in Terracina, in which Pope Urban II was elected. In September 1089, he was in the papal court in Melfi. On March 25, 1090, together with Cardinal Giovanni, bishop of Frascati, he was in the church of S. Maria in Capella, Rome. In August 1092, and perhaps on September 12 of that same year, he was present in Salerno. On February 6 and Mar 19, 1094, he was in S. Maria Nuova, Rome. On April 5, 1094, he was still in the Eternal City.

Death. After April 5, 1094 (2), probably in Rome. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 146; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 837, no. II; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 33; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 141, no. 2; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 125-126, no. 2; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : Hermann Gentner Verlag, 1957, p. 118, no. 23; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 2; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 566.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 141, no. 2; and Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1179, no. 2. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 33, says that he occupied the see between 1066 and 1068.
(2) This is according to Hüls, Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130126; and Klewitz, Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg, p. 118, no. 23. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 141, no. 2, says that he died in October 1071; if he had died at this time, he would not have participated in the papal elections of 1073, 1086 and 1088.

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(7) 3. BONIFAZIO (?-ca. 1088)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marco in a consistory celebrated in 1062 (1). Cardinal protoprete ca. 1088 (?).

Death. Ca. 1088, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, pp. 114 and 277; " Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 141, no. 12.

(1) Some sources confuse him with Cardinal Bonifacio (1114).

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(8) 4. ADIMARO, O.S.B.Cas. (?-ca. 1073)

Birth. (No date found), Capua. Of an illustrious family. He is also listed as Aldemarius, Aldemaro, Adhémar and Aldemar.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at the monastery of Montecassino.

Early life. Secretary of Prince Riccardo of Mantua. He distributed his possessions among the poor and entered the monastic life.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). He was sent by Abbot Desiderio of Montecassino to Sardinia, as abbot, with twelve companions, to establish a Benedictine monastery on that island; one of the regoli of Sardinia, called Baresone, had requested the foundation of a Benedictine monastery; on his way to Sardinia, the Pisans intercepted the nave in which new abbot was traveling and took from the religious all they were carrying with them; he had to return to Montecassino; later, Pope Alexander II intimated the Pisans into returning to the monastery the possessions they had taken. Persuaded by Archdeacon Ildebrando, O.S.B., future pope Gregory VII, Pope Alexander II called Adimaro to Rome the and named him abbot of the monastery of Ss. Stefano e Lorenzo fuori le Mura, Rome. Some sources recount the miracles attributed to him during his life.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Prassede in a consistory celebrated in 1062.

Death. Ca. 1073 (1), during the pontificate of Pope Gregory VII, Bocchiano, kingdom of Naples. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 157-158; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 842, no. XVI; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 61; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 141-142, no. 14; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 16.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 141, no. 14. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 157; and Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1179, no. 16, say that he died in 1076.

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(9) 5. PIETRO (?-before 1099)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Susanna in a consistory celebrated in 1062 (1).

Death. Before 1099, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 170; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 135; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 142, no. 15; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 18 or 19.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 142, no. 15, which adds that it is not known if he is the same as Cardinal Pietro (1077); or Cardinal Pietro Atenolfo, O.S.B. (1065). Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 170, says that it is not improbable that he is the same as Cardinal Pietro Cameano (Atenolfo), whose title is not known. Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1179, no. 18 or 19, lists a Cardinal Pietro, Roman; and a Cardinal Pietro Atenolfo, O.S.B., from Capua, without title, among the cardinal priests created by Pope Alexander II.

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(10) 6. BAGGIO, Anselmo da (ca. 1035/1040-1086)

Birth. Ca. 1035/1040, Baggio, Milan. Of a noble family. Nephew of Pope Alexander II. He is also known as Anselmo II di Lucca. His last name is also listed as Badagio.

Education. He was educated in rhetoric by Lanfranco di Pavia; and completed his sudies at the Cluniacense school of Berengario di Tours. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at the monastery of Polirone.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in a consistory celebrated in 1062; his title is not known.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Lucca in 1062; immediate succeessor Pope Alexander II in this see. Attended the Council of Mantua in 1067. Consecrated on August 10, 1073, by Pope Gregory VII. In 1081, because of his strong support to the reform movement of the church, he was exiled by Emperor Heinrich IV and retired as a monk to the abbey of S. Benedetto in Polirone, under the protection of Countess Matilde di Canossa, of whom he became spiritual counselor. He was reintegrated to his see by Pope Gregory VII. He was legate in Lombardy during the pontificates of Popes Victor III and Urban II. He fixed his residence in Matua, under the protection of Countess Matilde. He devoted himself to embedding the principles of the Gregorian reform, and strongly opposed Antipope Clement III. Starting in 1081, he supervised the drafting of Collectio Canonum, a collection of thirteen books of sources of canon law (drawn mainly from the Decretum of Burcardo of Worms); and also wrote a defense of Pope Gregory VII.

Death. March 18, 1086, Mantua. Buried under the main altar of the cathedral of Mantua, according to orders from Countess Matilde di Canossa, at the request of the people of the city. It is said that eighty days after his death, eighty miracles had been obtained by his intercession. His body was exhumed a few centuries later and found intact, as still remains today. Every year on the anniversary of his death, the cover of the external altar is removed and the body of the saint is made visible. He is venerated as patron saint of Mantua.

Sainthood. Equipollent canonization (no formal canonization process ever took place); his feast is celebrated in the Roman Martyrology, which does not mention his cardinalate, on March 18.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 158-160; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 842-843, no. XVII; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 142, no. 18; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 17.

Links. Biography, in Italian; images and biography, in Italian; image and biography, in Italian; image and biography, in Italian; image and biography, in Italian; Bardone : Vita Anselmi episcopi Lucensis, in Latin; brief biography, in German; biography, in German; image and biography, in Norwegian; Anselmo di Lucca, Consiglieri di Matilde, Patroni di Mantova, exhibit, Museo Diocesano, Mantua, August 31, 2008 to January 11, 2009; Anselmo, il consigliere di Matilde, exhibit's review, "Gazzetta di Mantova", in Italian; images and biographical data, exhibit, in Italian; and engraving with his uncle Pope Alexander II, Bildarchiv Austria, Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek.

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(11) 7. SANSEVERINO, O.S.B.Cas., Teodino (?-1099)

Birth. (No date found), Campania. Of the counts of Marsi.

Education. He became a monk in Rieti and entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at the monastery of Montecassino.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of Montecassino (?). Advised by Archdeacon Ildebrando, O.S.B., future Pope Gregory VII, Pope Alexander II called him to Rome to be deacon of the Lateran patriarchate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1062; his deaconry is not known. Alfano di Salerno dedicated him a poem. Transferred to the deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica in 1073, succeeding Cardinal Ildebrando, O.S.B., and becoming cardinal protodeacon. As archdeacon, he resided from April 1076 in St. Peter's assembly, at which he received the declaration of Bishop S. Robert de Chartres. At his request, Cardinal Bruno of Segni drafted the Translatio S. Stephani. In 1088 he was transferred to the deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviæ (1). Joined the obedience of antipope Clement III in 1084.He was at the Lateran palace on November 4, 1084.

Death. August 18, 1099, after repenting and being absolved of his schism, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 164-166; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 845, no. XXVII; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 217; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 143-144, no. 34; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 254, no. 30; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 27.

(1) This deaconry had been erected ca. 590 near the Decemvirale prison by Pope St. Gregory I the Great (590-604). He is its first known cardinal. The church was in ruins and without revenues when Pope Alexander VII (1655-1667) suppressed it on June 26, 1662 and transferred it on the same day to the new church of S. Maria in Portico Campitelli.

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(12) 8. PIETRO (?-1120)

Birth. (No date or place found). He was called "Le Clerc". He is also listed as Petrus Vuilhelmus; Pietro, called Guglielmo; Guillermus; and Guillermo.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Adriano al Foro (1) in a consistory celebrated in 1062. Substituted for the the librarian and chancellor of the Holy Roman Church from May 1068 until June 1070. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Crisogono in 1072. Succeeded Cardinal Pietro as chancellor of the Holy Roman Church in 1073, during the pontificate of Pope Alexander II. Subscribed the papal bulls issued bewteen January 1074 and May 1085. He was present at the interview of Canossa between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Heinrich IV. Joined the obedience of Antipope Clement III. He was replaced in his title in 1088, after his defection. He continued the work of writing the lives of the popes from Nicholas I to Paschal II (Liber Pontificalis). It is not known when he made his submission to the legitimate pope. He opted for the title of S. Sabina. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected.

Death. 1120, (no place found). Buried in the church of S. Sabina.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 163-164; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 844-845, no. XXVI; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 92 and 235; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 144, no. 35; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1179, no. 26; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 594.

(1) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 144, says that the church of S. Adriano al Foro was founded by Honorius I about 630 in the ancient Curia Hostilia, according to the Liber Pontificalis. The church is mentioned ca. 650. It was designated by Pope Sergius I (687-701) as the starting point for the litanies during certain religious celebrations. It was erected as a deaconry about 734 in the VIII Region of Rome by Pope St. Gregory III (731-741) and confirmed around 775 by Pope Adrian I (772-795). Its first known occupant is this cardinal.

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