The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Gregory VII (1073-1085)
Consistory of 1077 (V)


(23) 1. BENEDETTO (?-after May 5, 1125 ?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Pudenziana (S. Pastoris) in 1077. On May 4, 1082, he protested against the use of church property for war purposes. He restored his title and had a marble pulpit built; he dedicated the new building of his titular church on July 26, 1085 (1). He subscribed a bull issued by Pope Urban II in favor of the monastery of Ss. Trinità della Cava. Opted for the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli (S. Eudoxiae) toward 1100. On September 30, 1100, together with Cardinal Giovanni of S. Anastasia, he was in Valence (Dauphiné); and on the following November 23, in Poitiers. In the same year, he wrote a letter to Abbot Peter of Chemillé. He sent a further letter, along with Cardinal Giovanni of S. Anastasia, to Pope Paschal II, disavowing him; Cardinal Benedetto withdrew temporarily from the papal curia; however, he is attested back at the Lateran palace on November 3, 1101. Attended the Synod of Guastalla on October 22, 1106. Subscribed a papal bull issued on February 24, 1114. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 3, 1121 and June 4, 1124. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued on May 5, 1125 (?).

Death. After May 5, 1125 (?), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 179; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 867, no. X; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 131; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 146, no. 10; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 200, no. 1; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : Hermann Gentner Verlag, 1957, p. 127, no. 29; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1180, no. 10; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 702, 784 and 823.

(1) This is the text of the inscription commemorating the event, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm7, I, col. 867, no. X:

Tempore Gregorij Septimi Præsulis almi
Presbyter eximius, præclarus vir Benedictus
Moribus, Ecclesiam renovavis funditus istam
Quam consecrari facit idem Cardiquenalis
Eusdam sane fecit sub tempore Papa
Augusti mensis septem novemque Kalendis
Nomine Pastoris Præcursorisque Ioannis.

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(24) 2. DESIDERIO (?-before 1099)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Didier and Désiré.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Prassede after 1077 (or 1087). Subscribed a papal bull in favor of Landolfo, prince of Benevento.

Death. Before 1099, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 182; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 147, no. 17; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, XIX, 257.

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(25) 3. PIETRO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest ca. 1077, his title is not known (1).

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 182-182; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 147, no. 18.

(1) Both, Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 182-182; and "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 147, no. 18, say that it is not known either if he is one of the Cardinals Pietro mentioned by other authors.

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