(30) 1. GEBIZO, O.S.B. (?-after March 3, 1097)
Birth. (No date found), Cesena?. Of the Ottardi from Cesena. He is also listed as Gebizzo, Gebizzone, Gepizon and Gepizone.
Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines).
Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of S. Alessio in Monte Aventino, Rome (1).
Episcopate. Elected bishop of Cesena ca. 1075 (2). Consecrated (no information found). In 1076, together with Folcuino, bishop of Fossombrone, he was legate in Dalmatia and Ilyria (Schiavonla); he held a synod in Salona, Dalmatia, to restore canons relative to ecclesiastical discipline; during the synod, he crowned Duke Demetrius as king of those countries; the king was made tributary of the Apostolic See with an annual census of 200 bisanzi and with oath of fidelity to Saint Peter and his successors. Later, together with Mauro, abbot of the monastery of S. Sabina, he was legate in Italy.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in 1084 (3); his title is not known. On March 3, 1097, he received a donation as bishop of Cesena.
Death. After March 3, 1097, (no place found). Buried (no place found).
Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 175-176; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 865-866, no. VIII; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 147, no. 13; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. 682; Ganzer, Klaus. Die entwicklung des auswärtigen kardinalats im hohen mittelater ; ein beitrag zur geschichte des kardinalkollegiums vom 11. bis 13. jahrhundert. Tügingen : Niemeyer, 1963. (Bibliotek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rome, band XXVI), p. 37, no. 8; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1180, no. 8.
(1) The name of the monastery is also listed as Ss. Bonifazio ed Alessio al'Aventino.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 147, no. 13; and Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae, p. 682, which also says that he occupied the see until 1083. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 175; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 866, say that he was named bishop of Cesena in 1083.
(3) This is according to Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 176; and Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1180, no. 8. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 147, no. 13, says that he was created cardinal ca. 1083. Ganzer, Die entwicklung des auswärtigen kardinalats im hohen mittelater ; ein beitrag zur geschichte des kardinalkollegiums vom 11. bis 13. jahrhundert, p. 37, no. 8, indicates that he is considered a cardinal by several printed sources (Obermayer-Marnach, Annales Camaldulenses, Ughelli and Manzoni) and adds that in all documentary certifications, Gebizo is not called a cardinal anywhere. Since it was also at this time that bishops were not appointed cardinals after having received the episcopal consecration, and he was bishop of Cesena, then it can probably be said with certainty that Gebizo was not a cardinal of the Roman Church.
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