The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Urban II (1088-1099)
Consistory celebrated ca. 1091 (III)


(33) 1. GUALTERIO (?-1101)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Gualtiero, Valtero and Gautier.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Albano in a consistory celebrated in 1091 Consecrated (no information found). He first appeared as a cardinal on March 20, 1091 (1). Attended the Council of Saint-Gilles on March 7 to 13, 1092. On February 11, 1093, he is mentioned in a document of Count Rainoldo de Craon. On February 6, 1094, he was at the church of S. Maria Nuova, Rome, with Pope Urban II and other cardinals. In 1095, he was named legate before King William I, the Conqueror, of England; he landed in Dover on May 13, 1095 (Whitsunday) and went to the English court at Windsor castle; he imposed the pallium on Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, future saint, on June 10, 1095. He was with Pope Urban II , on November 18, 1095 in Clermont; on January 21, 1096 in Poitiers; on March 20, 1096 in Tours; on March 30, 1096 and before the following April 14 in Poitiers; on May 23, 1096 in Toulouse; on July 11, 1096 in Nîmes, where he attended the council celebrated in that city; and on July 20, 1096 in St.-Gilles. On April 24, 1099, he was at St. Peter's basilica in Rome. Participated in the papal election of 1099, in which Pope Paschal II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 1099 and November 20, 1100. On April 14, 1100, he was at the Lateran palace; on November 15, 1100, he was in Anagni with the papal court; and on the following November 20, he was back at the Lateran palace.

Death. 1101, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 184-185; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 886; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 41; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 149, no. 8; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 91-92, no. 4; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : Hermann Gentner Verlag, 1957, p. 116, no. 10; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1180, no. 5; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 657 and 702.

(1) This is according to Hüls, Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130, p. 91, no. 4; and Klewitz, Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg, p. 116, no. 10. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 41; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 149, no. 8; and Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1180, no. 5, say that he was created cardinal in 1096.

Cool Archive

(34) 2. RANGIER, O.S.B. (ca. 1035-soon after July 20, 1096)

Birth. Ca. 1035, Reims, France. He is also listed as Raugier, Rangerio and Rangerius.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) in the monastery of Saint-Benoît Majeur, Marmoutier, Tours.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Sent to Rome by his abbot; he was retained by Pope Urban II and resided at the monastery of SS. Trinità della Cava.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Susanna in a consistory celebrated ca. 1091 (1).

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Reggio, Calabria, in 1092. Consecrated (no information found). In August 1092, he was in Salerno with the pope and signed a papal decision in a controversy between Roger of Apuleia and Archbishop Alfanus of Salerno. On September 5, 1092, he attended the dedication of the church of the monastery of La Cava by Pope Urban II; the pope commissioned him to consecrate the church of S. Maria della Cava. Participated in the Synod of Piacenza in 1095. Accompanied the pope to the Synod of Clermont in November 1095; on January 10, 1096, he participated in the dedication of the altar of the monastery of Charroux in the diocese of Poitiers; and on the following March 10, he was present at the consecration of the church of the monastery of Saint-Benoît Majeur, Marmoutier, Tours, by Pope Urban II. Subscribed papal bulls issued by Pope Urban II in favor of the monastery of La Cava and the church of Salerno. Resigned his see in 1106. Attended the Council of Guastalla in 1106. Subscribed a papal bull issued by Pope Paschal II in favor of the church of Tours. In January 1111, Pope Paschal II ordered Archbishop Rangier, as well as other prelates, to be judges in a matter concerning the archbishop of Palermo. He participated in the Lateran Synod on March 23, 1112.

Death. Soon after July 20, 1096 (2), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 190; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 888; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 148; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. 916; Ganzer, Klaus. Die entwicklung des auswärtigen kardinalats im hohen mittelater ; ein beitrag zur geschichte des kardinalkollegiums vom 11. bis 13. jahrhundert. Tügingen : Niemeyer, 1963. (Bibliotek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rome, band XXVI), p. 45-49, no. 14; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 207-209 no. 2; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1180, no. 14.

(1) Ganzer, Die entwicklung des auswärtigen kardinalats im hohen mittelater, p. 49, says that it is possible that Rangier was regarded as a cardinal because he often was in the company of Pope Urban II and that the question concerning his cardinalate could hardly be decided. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 888; and Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 11180, no. 13, say that he may be confused with Cardinal Raniero (1097).
(2) This is according to Hüls, Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130, p. 207-209 no. 2. Ganzer, Die entwicklung des auswärtigen kardinalats im hohen mittelater, p. 45-49, no. 14, says that he died on March 23, 1112. Hüls mentions some additional documents that attest his cardinalate and title, which were not known to Ganzer and says that Ganzer and other sources partially confuse Cardinal Rangier with his successor in the see of Reggio, Rogerius, who occupied it between 1099 and 1116.

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