The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Urban II (1088-1099)
Consistory celebrated in 1098 (IX)


(50) 1. MILON (?-1104)

Birth. (No date found), France. He is also listed as Milo, Millon, Milone, Miles and Milianus. He is also known as Milone Cardinalis S Albini.

Education. Entered the monastery of Saint-Aubin, Angers, France.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). He was part of a delegation of his monastery, which met Pope Urban II on November 18, 1092, Calabria. Pope Urban II attended the Council of Clermont in 1095; a contemporary document says that the pontiff adductus a Milone, antea Beati Albini monacho, tunc temporis legato suo (he made Milone, formerly a monk of Saint-Aubin, his legate); the monk was from then on at the service of the papacy and did not live in his monastery anymore.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Palestrina in the consistory celebrated on August 24, 1098. Consecrated (no information found). Participated in the papal election of 1099, in which Pope Paschal II was elected. Attended the Council of Reims. Subscribed papal bulls issued between August 30, 1100 and May 4, 1102. He was with the pope in Rome on March 23, 1100; on August 30, with the papal court in Salerno; on October 15 in Melfi; on November 10 in Montecassino; on November 14 and 15 in Anagni; and on November 19 and 20, back in Rome, in the Lateran palace. In April 1101, he went with the papal court to Venosa; and in October 1101, to Benevento. He was back in Rome, at the Lateran palace from February 14 until March 21, 1102. At this time, he composed his Vita Operaque. Laus Metrica on Pope Paschal II. In that year, he was named legate in France; he traveled to Cluny, Mazille-en-Maconnais, and Angers; in Marcigny he was surprised by death.

Death. 1104 (1), Marcigny. Buried in the monastery of his order in Marcigny. In an Elogium, he was praised for his fight against simony.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 185-186; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 886-887; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 19; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 65-66; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 149, no. 9; Ganzer, Klaus. Die entwicklung des auswärtigen kardinalats im hohen mittelater ; ein beitrag zur geschichte des kardinalkollegiums vom 11. bis 13. jahrhundert. Tügingen : Niemeyer, 1963. (Bibliotek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rome, band XXVI), p. ; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 111-112, no. 9; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : Hermann Gentner Verlag, 1957, p. 117, no. 15; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1180, no. 6; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 702.

Link. His arms and biography, in French, p. 65-66.

(1) This is according to Hüls, Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130, p. 112, note 22, where he says that in the year 1104, Cardinal Riccardo, bishop of Albano, referred to Cardinal Milon of beatae momirae (blessed memory). Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 185, says that he died in 1105. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 887; and his biography, linked above, say that he died in 1112. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 19, says that he died in 1101.

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