The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Paschal II (1099-1118)
Consistory celebrated in 1099 (I)


(1) 1. CRISOGONO (?-ca. 1105)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Ciriaco alle Terme in a consistory celebrated in 1099.

Death. Ca. 1105, (no place found) (1). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 143; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 112, no. 16; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 48.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 112, no. 16. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. (2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677), I, col. 930, lists him among the participants in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected, which contradicts the date of death given by the first source.

Cool Archive

(2) 2. GIOVANNI, O.S.B. (?-ca. 1106)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of S. Paolo fuori le mura, Rome

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Maria in Trastevere in a consistory celebrated in 1099.

Death. Ca. 1106, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 54; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 112, no. 17; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 49.

Cool Archive

(3) 3. AMICO, O.S.B.Cas. (?-after 1130)

Birth. (No date or place found). His name is also listed as Amicus and Arnicus.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at the monastery of Monte Cassino.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of S. Vincenzo al Volturno, Capua.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo (Fasciolae) in a consistory celebrated in 1099. Subscribed a papal bull issued on April 20, 1117. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected (1). Subscribed a papal bull issued on November 1, 1123. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130.

Death. January 4 of an uncertain year, after 1130, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 32, no. 4; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 228-229; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 918; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 112, no. 18; Ganzer, Klaus. Die entwicklung des auswärtigen kardinalats im hohen mittelater ; ein beitrag zur geschichte des kardinalkollegiums vom 11. bis 13. jahrhundert. Tügingen : Niemeyer, 1963. (Bibliotek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rome, band XXVI), p. 69-71, no. 23; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : H. Gentner, 1957, pp. 126 and 217; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 43; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 702.

(1) Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 228, says that he participated in the election of Pope Honorius II, which took place in 1124. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 918, also says that he participated in the election of Pope Honorius II and adds that he wrote to Emperor Lothair in favor of Antipope Anacletus II (elected in February 1130); "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 112, no. 18, says that Chacón is in error because Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia, I, 781, indicates that Cardinal Pietro, title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo, signed papal bulls in 1123. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 32, no. 4, says that he supported Antipope Anacletus II

Cool Archive

(4) 4. GAETANI, Gregorio (?-ca. 1112)

Birth. (No date found), Pisa. He is also listed as Gregorio Gaetani di Ceccano. Other cardinals of the family were Giordano di Ceccano, O. Cist. (1188); Stefano di Ceccano, O.Cist. (1212 ); Teobaldo di Ceccano, O.Cist. (1275); and Annibaldo di Ceccano (1327).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. XII Apostoli in a consistory celebrated in 1099 (1). Attended the Council of Guastalla in 1106. Legate in Benevento, where he executed the sentence of deposition against Archbishop Landolfo, pronounced by Cardinal Pietro, bishop of Porto. Ordered by the pope, he attended the Council of Veroli, which was celebrated because of the rebellion of Archdeacon Grimaldo against his bishop.

Death. Ca. 1112, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 214; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 912; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 103; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 112-113, no. 19; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1181, no. 14.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 112, no. 19. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 103, says that he was promoted to the cardinalate in 1107 (?).

Cool Archive

(5) 5. GUIDO, O.S.B. (?-1120)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) probably at the monastery of S. Savino, Piacenza.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Balbina in a consistory celebrated in 1099. Subscribed papal bulls issued between December 21, 1116 and April 20, 1117; and on September 13 and 26, 1118. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. He accompanied the new pope to France. Participated in the papal election of 1119, celebrated in Cluny, in which Pope Callistus II was elected.

Death. January 9, 1120 (1), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 231-232; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 920; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 124; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 113, no. 20; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : H. Gentner, 1957, pp. 125 and 239; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 46; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 702 and 775.

(1) This is according to Klewitz, Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg, pp. 125 and 239. Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1182, no. 46, says that he died in 1125.

Cool Archive

(6) 6. UGO (?-ca. 1122)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Vitale (Vestinæ) in a consistory celebrated in 1099. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected.

Death. Ca. 1122, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 930; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 89; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 113, no. 21.

Cool Archive

(7) 7. PANDOLFO, O.S.B.Cas. (?-ca. 1134)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at Monte Cassino.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in a consistory celebrated in 1099; his title is not known (1). It is not known if he participated in any of the papal elections celebrated during his cardinalate.

Death. Ca. 1134, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 233-234; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 921-922; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 266; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 113, no. 22; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 51.

(1) This is according to Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 266; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 113, no. 22; and Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1182, no. 51. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux", says that he may be the same as Cardinal Landolfo Rangone, priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina, which Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, places as occupant of that title between 1106 and 1107, adding that he became bishop of Ostia in 1131 and occupied the see until 1134; Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1192, no. 51, explicitly denies that Cardinal Pandolfo became bishop of Ostia. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 2. lists a Cardinal Pandolfo occupying the see of Ostia between 1124 and 1126.

Cool Archive

(8) 8. ULRICH (?-?)

Birth. (No date found), England (?) (1). He is also listed as Wilfrid, Ulfrico, Ulrico and Odolorico.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in a consistory celebrated in 1099; his title is not known. Legate in England in 1107; with papal permission, he imposed the pallium to Archbishop Thomas of York, who was consecrated on June 17, 1109; at the request of King Malcolm of Scotland, the legation named Turgel (or Turgot), English, abbot of the monastery Dunkeld, archbishop of St. Andrews and primate of Scotland.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 219; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 914 ; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 266; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 113, no. 23; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1181, no. 26.

(1) Several sources such as Cardella Chacón, "Essai", and Mas Latrie, indicate that he may have been born in England. But Francis Courtney, Cardina Robert Pullen : an English theologian of the twelfth century. (Romae : Apud Ædes Universitatis Gregorianæ, 1954), p. ix, says that there is no evidence to support that fact.

Cool Archive

(9) 9. ANTONIO (?-ca. 1135?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Priesthood. Ordained (no information found). Superior of the monastery of S. Pietro iuxta Tritanum flumen, county of Valva.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in a consistory celebrated in 1099; his title is not known. Attended the Council of Guastalla in 1106. Attended the Lateran Synod in 1112. He subscribed a papal bull issued in Pisa in 1135 in favor of the priorate of S. Pietro di Nanto.

Death. Ca. 1135 (?), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 219-220; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 814; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 266; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 113, no. 24; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1181, no. 27.

Cool Archive

(10) 10. BERARDO (ca. 1079/1080-1130)

Birth. Ca. 1079/1080, castle of Colli di Monte Bove, near Pescina, diocese of Marsi. Son of Berardo, of the counts of Marsi and of Sangro, and his wife, Teodosia. He is also listed as Berardo Berardi and Berardo dei Marsi.

Education. He spent his childhood with the canons of the church of S. Sabina, then the cathedral church of Marsi; he resided with them up to receiving the minor order of the acolytes. At seventeen, he left Marsi and studied with Benedictines at Monte Cassino for several years.

Early life. Pope Paschal II called him to Rome, where he received the subdiaconate and was engaged in several positions. He was sent to administer Campagna as papal delegate. He had a confrontation with Count Pietro Colonna, who imprisoned him in a dried well.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Adriano in a consistory celebrated in 1099 (1). Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Crisogono ca. 1100, when he was thirty years old (2). Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 14, 1100 and March 20, 1105.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Marsi in 1110. Consecrated (no information found). As a bishop, he fought against simony and the concubinage of the clergy, helped and protected the poor, and was forced into exile several times.

Death. November 3, 1130, the day he had predicted he would die, (no place found). He gave all his possessions to the poor. Buried in Marsi.

Beatification. In Marsi, he was venerated both in life and after his death because of the miracles that he performed. Pope Pius VII confirmed his veneration as a blessed on May 10, 1802. He is the patron saint of the diocese of Marsi, where his body is kept.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 245-247; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 925; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, pp. 92 and 149; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116-117, no. 25; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 222, no. 1; Klewitz, Hans-Walter. Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg. Die Entstehung des Kardinalkollegiums. Studien über die Wiederherstellung der römischen Kirche in Süditalien durch das Reformpapsttum. Das Ende des Reformpapsttums. Darmstadt : Hermann Gentner Verlag, 1957, p. 133, no. 14; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 68; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 702.

Links. Biography, in Italian; biography, in Italian; biography, in Italian; another biography, in Italan, by Emilio Cerasani; and his image in a stained-glass window, church of S. Berardo dei Marsi (Villaggio valle Caia), parish of S. Palomba.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 116, no. 25. Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1182, no. 68, and Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 149, say that he received the deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria. His biography in Italian, linked above, says that he was promoted to the cardinalate in or after 1102.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 116, no. 25. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 92, says that he opted for that title in 1105 (?).

Cool Archive

(11) 11. ROMANO (?-1135)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae in a consistory celebrated in 1099. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 5, 1120 and April 1, 1124. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 2, 1125 and May 7, 1128. Participated in the papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 3, 1130 and May 21, 1135. He supported Pope Innocent II against Antipope Anacletus II in 1130 and accompanied him to Pisa. Cardinal protodeacon.

Death. May 1135 (1), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 39, no. 39; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 239; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 923; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 217; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 117, no. 26; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 58; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781, 823 and 841.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 117, no. 26. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181., p. 39, no. 39, says that he died before March 1, 1135, when a successor in his title appeared for the first time. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 217, says that he died in 1130 (?) and places a Cardinal Gualon and a Cardinal Domenico occupying that deaconry in 1105 and 1133 respectively. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 923, says that he died after 1134.

Cool Archive

(12) 12. BOBONE (?-ca. 1117)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Bobo.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Teodoro in a consistory celebrated in 1099.

Death. Ca. 1117, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 228; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 117, no. 68.

Cool Archive

(13) 13. GUALON, O.S.B.Clun. (?-1114)

Birth. (No date found), France. He is also listed as Gilo, Gilon, Gallo and Gualone.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at the monastery of Cluny.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1099; his deaconry is not known.

Death. 1114, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 117, no. 69.

Cool Archive

(14) 14. GREGORIO, O.S.B. (?-1134)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio in clivo Scauri, Rome

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Eustachio in a consistory celebrated in 1099. Attended the Council of Guastalla in 1106.. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 3 and 7, 1121. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130. Subscribed bulls issued on September 14, 1131 and December 14, 1134. Legate of the antipope in Cluny.

Death. After December 14, 1134, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 34, no. 16; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 237-238; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 922; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 253; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 117, no. 70; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 55; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781 and 912.

Cool Archive

(15) 15. DOCIBILO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Docibilis.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1099; his deaconry is not known. Subscribed papal bulls issued in September 1099 and April 1100.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 117, no. 71; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 703.

Top Consistories Catalogs Home

©1998-2014 Salvador Miranda.