The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Paschal II (1099-1118)
Consistory celebrated in 1116 (XIV)


(77) 1. CRESCENZIO, iuniore (?-ca. 1127)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. He is also listed as Cencio.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Attended the Synod of Letran in 1112.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Sabina in a consistory celebrated in 1116. Consecrated (no information found). Subscribed papal bulls issued between December 21, 1116 and March 21, 1118. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 3, 1121 and June 4, 1124. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 2, 1125 and July 21, 1126.

Death. Ca. 1127, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 212; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 911; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 33; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 112; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1181, no. 10; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 702, 775, 780 and 823.

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(78) 2. PIETRO, seniore (?-1134)

Birth. (No date found), Rome.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Porto in a consistory celebrated in 1116 (1). Consecrated (no information found). Legate in Benevento to negotiate the peace with the Normans and to depose Archbishop Landolfo. Vicar of Rome. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 20, 1117 and April 18, 1118. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected; he consecrated the new pope in Gaeta. Before his departing for France, he was named vicar of Rome again. During his episcopate the sees of Porto and S. Rufina were united by Pope Callistus II in 1119. Subscribed papal bulls issued between September 24, 1120 and June 4, 1124. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. He remained as vicar of Rome. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 2, 1125 and April 10, 1129. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130. Subscribed bulls on March 27 and April 24, 1130.

Death. December 7, 1134, (no place found), at an advanced age, without having reconciled with the legitimate pope. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 37-38, no. 32; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 212-213; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 911; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 10; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 112; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1181, no. 11; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 775, 780, 823 and 911.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 112. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 212, says tha he was created cardinal in 1106 and adds that he participated in the Council of Guastalla in 1106 and in the Synod of Letran in 1112. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 10, says that he was promoted to the cardinalate in 1106 or in 1123.

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(79) 3. BOSONE (?-1122)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Boso, Boson, Bobon and as Bobone.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Anastasia in a consistory celebrated in 1116 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 17, 1116 and March 11, 1120.

Death. 1122, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 95; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 702 and 780.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 116. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 95, says that he was created cardinal in 1125.

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(80) 4. PIETRO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1116; his deaconry is not known. Subscribed a papal bull issued on November 23, 1116.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 119; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 703.

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