The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Paschal II (1099-1118)
Consistory of celebrated in 1117 (XV)


(81) 1. LAMBERTO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Velletri in a consistory celebrated in 1117 (1). Consecrated (no information found).

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 209-210; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 909; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 3; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 112, no. 15; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1181, no. 3.

(1) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 112, no. 15, indicates that although Bonifatius Gams Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae (3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957), p. V; and Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 3, distinguish him from Lamberto Scannabecchi, bishop of Ostia in 1117, created cardinal by Pope Urban II, and future Pope Honorius II, they are the same person. Although the two sees were not united until 1150, at times, they were administered by one bishop. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 209-210; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 909; and Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge, col. 1181, no. 3, identify him with the future Pope Honorius II.

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(82) 2. SASSO (?-1136)

Birth. (No date found), Anagni. Of the counts of Segni. He is also listed as Saxo, Saxonis, Sassone dei Conti di Segni, Sasso Conti di Segni and Sasso de' Segni.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Papal secretary. Auditor of the Sacred Palace.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio in a consistory celebrated in 1117 (1). Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 17, 1121 and May 16, 1122. Legate before Emperor Heinrich V. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 2, 1125 and April 10, 1129. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130. Named chancellor of the Holy Roman Church; occupied the post until mid-1136 (2). As chancellor, he subscribed bulls issued between March 27, 1130 and February 8, 1136. He must have been deprived of his title by Pope Innocent II because there was a successor occupying it in 1133.

Death. Middle of 1136 (3), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 39, no. 41; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 225-226; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 917; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 118; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116, no. 58; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 38; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781, 823 and 912.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 116, no. 58. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 118, says that he was promoted to the cardinalate in 1099.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 116, no. 58. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 39, no. 41, says that he occupied the post between March 27, 1130 until -September 14, 1131.
(3) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 116, no. 58. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 917; and Mas Latrie, Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie, col. 1182, no. 38, says that he died toward 1137. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 39, no. 41, note 39, says that it is quite unlikely that Cardina Sasso died in 1137 because by October 11, 1133 Cardinal Matteo (1126) had succeeded him.

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(83) 3. CREMA, Giovanni da (?-ca. 1135)

Birth. (No date found), Crema, Lombardy. Uncle of Cardinal Guido da Crema (1150). He is also listed as Giovanni only; as Johannes Cremensis; as Johannes de Crema; and as Giovanni Cremense.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Crisogono in a consistory celebrated in 1117 (1). Renovated and enriched his titular church. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1119, celebrated in Cluny, in which Pope Callistus II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between June 18, 1119 and April 15, 1123. Heading numerous Roman troops, he apprehended Antipope Gregory VIII in Sutri and took him to Rome. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Legate in England, in 1125, where he presided over two councils for the reform of the clergy: one in London in September 1125, which prohibited the clergy to live together with women, except with those who were blood relatives; and the second in Westminster, with the attendance of Archbishops William of Canterbury and Thurstan of York, twenty bishops and forty abbots; he had a special commission concerning the dissolution of the matrimonial contract between William, son of Robert, count of Normandy, and the daughter of Fulcon, count of Angiò; the legate declared it null and invalid; from England, he went to Scotland, where he celebrated a council in Roxburgh. Returned to Italy. Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 28, 1126 and April 10, 1129. Named legate in Normandy in 1128, together with Cardinal Pietro of S. Anastasia; he convoked a synod in Pavia of the suffragan bishop of Milan; an anathema was issued against Archbishop Anselmo V of Milan for having crowned Konrad, enemy of the Holy See, with the iron crown, against the legitimate King Lothair; Konrad was trying to introduce a new schism in the Church. Participated in the papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected. For a brief time, he supported Antipope Anacletus II, elected in February 1130; Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint, wrote him a letter to congratulate him for having quickly returned to the obedience of the legitimate pope; he was completely restored to his title (2). Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 3, 1130 and January 11, 1134.

Death. Ca. 1135 (3), (no place found). Buried in his titular church with only his name as epitaph.

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 35, no. 23; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 229-231; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 919; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 92; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116, no. 59; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 45; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 780, 823 and 840.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 116, no. 59. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 92, says that he was promoted to the cardinalate in 1099.
(2) Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 92, erroneously places a Cardinal Pietro occupying the title of S. Crisogono in 1127.
(3) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 116, no. 59. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 231, says that he died in 1138.

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(84) 4. RAINERIO (?-1121)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Raino, Rainus, Renio, Reinus, Raynaldo, Raniero and Rainerius.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro in a consistory celebrated in 1117 (1). Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 3, and April 17, 1121.

Death. After April 17, 1121, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 218; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 914; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 121; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116, no. 60; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1181, no. 24; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 116, no. 60. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 218, says that he attended the Council of Guastalla in 1106, the Synod of Letran in 1112, and that he confirmed, under oath, the privilege of the investitures granted by Pope Paschal II to Emperor Heinrich V in 1116; all these events occurred before 1117, which is when "Essai" indicates that he was promoted to the cardinalate. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 121, lists a Cardinal Raino (Renio) in 1099; followed by Cardinal Raynaldo ?, with no date of creation; followed by Cardinal Crescenzio d'Anagni in 1122. He may be the same as Cardinal Raniero (1099).

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(85) 5. BOSONE (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Quattro Coronati in a consistory celebrated in 1117. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. He accompanied the new pope to Pisa in September 1118. He attended the dedication of the church of the monastery of Maurigny, near Etampes, by Pope Callistus II on October 30, 1119. Legate in Spain. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 232; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 920-921; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116, no. 61; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no.47.

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(86) 6. CRISOGONO (?-ca. 1122)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Grisogoni.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Ciriaco alle Terme in a consistory celebrated in 1117. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected.

Death. Ca. 1122, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 921; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116, no. 62; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 48.

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(87) 7. SIGIZZONE, iuniore (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Sigizo, Sigizzo and Sigizzon.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Sisto in a consistory celebrated in 1117 (1). Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 7, 1121 and April 1, 1124. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 7, 1125 and April 10, 1129. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130. Subscribed a bull issued on April 24, 1130.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 39, no.42; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 226; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 917; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 78; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116, no. 63; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 39; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781, 823 and 912.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 116, no. 63. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 78, says that he was promoted to the cardinalate in 1122.

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(88) 8. TEOBALDO (?-ca. 1124)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo (Pammachii) in a consistory celebrated in 1117. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 3, 1121 and April 6, 1123. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected.

Death. Ca. 1124, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116, no. 64; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781.

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(89) 9. PIETRO (?) (?-after 1118)

Birth. (No date or place found). His name is also said to be unknown.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marcello in a consistory celebrated in 1117. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected (1).

Death. After 1118, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 930; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116, no. 64.

(1) Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col.930, no. 33, lists him as "N. Presbyter Cardinalis titulo S. Marcelli" among the participants in the papal election of 1124. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 116, no. 65, says that he may be Cardinal Pierre de Fontaines, created by Pope Callistus II in 1120.

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(90) 10. AMICO, iuniore, O.S.B.Cas. (?-1122)

Birth. (No date found), Rome.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at the monastery of Monte Cassino.

Priesthood. Ordained ( no further information found). Dean of the monastery of Monte Cassino (?). Abbot of the monastery of S. Lorenzo fuori le Mura, Rome.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Vito e Modesto nel Macello dei Martire in a consistory celebrated after 1116 (1). Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed a papal bull with his title of abbot on September 26, 1118; and another one on July 15, 1119 (2). Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme in December 1120 (3).

Death. 1122, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 244-245; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 925; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 244; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 119, no. 88; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 67; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 775 and 781.

(1) This is according to Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 119, no. 88. Cristofori, Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 244, says that he was created cardinal in 1112.
(2) Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia, I, 775 and 781, lists him as " subdiaconus cardinalis et abbas S. Laurentii foris muros"; and "abbas S. Laurentii foris muros Amicus".
(3) He may be the same as Cardinal Amico, seniore, O.S.B. (1088).

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(91) 11. MALCONDINI, Crisogono (?-ca. 1123)

Birth. (No date found), Pisa. His first name is also listed as Grisogoni and as Costantino.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church from 1114 to 1117.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere in a consistory celebrated in 1117 (1). Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 15, 1119 and June 26, 1122. He accompanied the new pope to France. Named chancellor and librarian of the Holy Roman Church. Participated in the papal election of 1119, celebrated in Cluny, in which Pope Callistus II was elected.

Death. Ca. 1123, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 241-242; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 924; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 246; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p.119, no. 90; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen &2226;ge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 63; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 119, no. 90. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 246, says that he was created cardinal in 1116; and adds that he opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Pudeziana, without indicating the date of the option.

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(92) 12. ERRICO, O.S.B. (?-?)

Birth. (No date found), Sicily. He is also listed as Henricus.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of Mazzara

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Teodoro in a consistory celebrated in 1117. Participated in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Gelasius II was elected. Subscribed a papal bull on December 28, 1121. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 240-241; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 914; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. ; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 119, no. 91; Mas Latrie, Louis. Trésor de chronologie d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen âge. Paris : Librairie Victor Palmé, 1889, col. 1182, no. 60; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781.

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