The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Callistus II (1119-1124)
Consistory of January 1120 (II)
Celebrated in Cluny


(3) 1. FONTAINES, Pierre de (?-ca. 1140)

Birth. (No date found), Fontaines, near Dijon, Bourgogne, France. He was a compatriot and contemporary of Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint, who wrote him several letters.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marcello in the consistory of January 1120 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between September 24, 1120 and April 1, 1124; May 5, 1125 and April 10, 1129. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Legate to Cluny, accompanied by Archbishop Hombaud of Lyon, to proceed against Abbot Pons, who was relaxing the religious discipline; the legate anathematized the abbot. Joined the obedience of Antipope Anacletus II in 1130 and was deposed by Pope Innocent II. Subscribed bulls issued between March 27, 1130 and October 21, 1136. Returned to this pope's obedience and was reinstated to his cardinalitial dignity on May 29, 1138, octave of Pentecost. Subscribed papal bulls issued between June 11, 1138 and March 31, 1139.

Death. Ca. 1140 (2), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 253-254; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, I, col. 478, no. 6; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 89-90; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 120; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781, 823, 840 and 911.

Webgraphy. Biography, in French, p. 89-90.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, which on p. 116, no. 65, says that he may be the same as Cardinal Pietro (1117).
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 120. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 254, says that he died in 1165 after forty five years of cardinalate.

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(4) 2. ROBERTO (?-1122)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Sabina in the consistory of January 1120. Subscribed papal bulls issued between September 24, 1120 and December 28, 1121.

Death. 1122, no place found). Buried (No information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 267; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 954; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 120; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781.

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(5) 3. ADOALDO (?-ca. 1124)

Birth. (No date or place found). His name is also listed as Othald, Othaldo, Othaldus, Odoaldo and Odalo.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Balbina in the consistory of January 1120. Subscribed papal bulls issued between December 1, 1120 and May 16, 1122.

Death. Ca. 1124, (no place found). Buried (No information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 120; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 780.

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(6) 4. BAR, Étienne de (?-1163)

Birth. 1085, Bar-Le-Duc, Meuse, France. Of the counts of Montbéliard (or Barry). Son of Count Thierry II de Bar and Ermentrude de Bourgogne. Nephew of Pope Callistus II, on his mother's side. Nephew of the duke of Lorraine. Relative of Emperor Friedrich II Barbarossa. He is also listed as Étienne de Montbeliard. Destined to the church since an early age.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Founder of the priorate of Autrey.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Metz in January 1120; occupied the see until his death. Consecrated (no information found). He received the privilege of using the pallium in 1120.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin in the consistory of January 1120. Subscribed papal bulls issued between September 24, 1120 and April 6, 1123; May 5, 1125 and May 7, 1128. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130. He switched to the obedience of Pope Innocent II quite soon. He was replaced in his deaconry in 1142 or perhaps 1134 (he may have opted for a title). He returned to his diocese and soon he had to escape from Metz because of the enmity of Friedrich I Barbarossa, whom he had resisted. He founded a monastery of Canons Regular of Saint Augustine in Rambervillers. In 1147, he accompanied King Louis VII, le jeune, of France, to the Orient, for the Crusade; on his return, he received, for devotion, from Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint, the habit of the Cistercians.

Death. December 29, 1163, Metz. Buried, Metz. Miracles were said to have occurred in his tomb.

Beatification. His name is inscribed in a Benedictine martyrology and his feast is on December 29.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 254-255; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 946-947; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 91-94; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 121-122; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, .

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 91-94; biography, in French, p. 319-323; biographical entry, in French; his genealogy, as Étienne Mortbel; another genealogy, A1 B5; Priorate of Notre Dame d'Autrey, in French.

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(7) 5. MELGUEIL, O.S.B. Clun., Pons de (ca. 1075-1125/1126)

Birth. Ca. 1075, Melgueil (now Mauguio), Languedoc, France. Of the counts of Marguliès, Auvergne and Toulouse. Second child of Pierre I de Melgueil and Almodis de Toulouse. Nephew of Pope Paschal II. His first name is also listed as Ponzio, Ponce and Pontius; and his last name as Margogliensi, Mergueil and Marguliès.

Education. Joined the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at Cluny.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). He was a monk at the Cluniac monastery of Saint-Pons-de-Thomières. Seventh abbot of the monastery of Cluny, May 9, 1109 until 1122. Pope Gelasius II died in 1119 in the monastery of Cluny, in which he had sought refuge from the supporters of Antipope Gregory VIII. Before he died, the pope had indicated that either Guy, archbishop of Vienne, or Pons of Cluny should succeed him as pontiff; Guy was elected at Cluny by six cardinals, and took the name Callistus II; Abbot Pons neither supported nor condemned his election; supported by several French bishops, he proposed that the election be subject to confirmation by the cardinals who were in Rome and people of the city; Pope Callistus II's election was duly confirmed by the cardinals who were in Rome. A period of difficult relations between the new pope and the abbot followed. But Pope Callistus II was back in Cluny for the canonization of Abbot Hugh in December and January 1120, and he took the opportunity to heal the breach with Abbot Pons and to declare his continuing support for Cluny. The pontiff also promoted the abbot to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon the consistory of January 1120; his deaconry is not known (1). The financial difficulties that affected the monastery of Cluny, and the abbot's difficult personality, made the monks complain to Rome accusing him of violent and extravagant conduct and carelessly wasting the monastery's resources. In 1122, Pope Callistus II called him to Rome to attend the First Ecumenical Lateran Council and the abbot resigned his post. He then went to Jerusalem and a year later, returned to Italy and founded a small monastery near Vicenza. In that same year, he participated in the Diet of Worms. In 1126, Cardinal Pons returned to Cluny and by force reclaimed his abbatial miter; he was supported by numerous monks of the abbey, by the nobility of the region and by other monasteries of the order; the rebelious abbot was excommunicated by the archbishop of Lyon; the sentence was confirmed by Pope Honorius II. Pons was transferred to Lyon, and later, confined in Rome. He refused to recant his errors and sins sins and said that he was answerable only to Saint Peter in heaven, becoming also a schismatic; he was deposed from all ecclesiastical honors and privileges, and died soon.

Death. December 28, 1125 or December 29, 1126, of malaria (or Roman fever "Romanus ille pestifer morbus"), turre Septem Salas, Rome. Buried quasi pauper apud S. Andream, Rome; the pope wrote to Abbot Pierre le Vénérable telling him that in spite of the impenitent death of Pons, he had buried honorably out of respect for the monastery of Cluny. Later, at the request of Abbot Pierre le Vénérable, his remains were transferred to Cluny, where his tomb represents him with the feet bound, a hand cut and his staff broken (2).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 256-260; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 948-950; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 86-88; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 122; Evans, Joan. Monastic life at Cluny, 910-1157. London : Oxford University Press, 1931, p. 37-40, 44, 108 and 115; Vingtain, Dominique. L'abbaye de Cluny : centre de l'Occident m#233;diéval. Paris : Editions du Patrimoine : CNRS éditions, 1998. (Patrimoine au présent), p. 70-73.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 86-88; biography, in French; L'abbatiat de Pons de Melgueil (1075-1125/1126, in French; The enigmatic Pons de Melgueil, in English, fifth section on the chapter; Pierre Ier de Melgueil, in French; his genealogy, Chapter 11, A, 1, b; Catalogus abbatum Cluniacensium, he is no. 10.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 122; The enigmatic Pons de Melgueil, link above, citing Joan Evans, Monastic life at Cluny 910-1157 (Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1931), p. 38, says that he was created cardinal priest of S. Cecilia.
(2) According to "Pons Margogliesi" in "Les cardinaux dépossédés de leur dignité", Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1907 (Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1907), p. 160, some sources indicate that he was inscribed in an ancient Benedictine martyrology as a saint. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 258, says that the martyrology indicates that his feast is on December 29 and that, after narrating the life of the abbot, concludes: Nutat igitur fides Martyrologij Benedictini, in quo ad. IV Kal. Januarias, ut videre est in Bibliotheca Cluniacensi pag., legitur; in monastero Cluniacensi depositio Sancti Pontij Abbatis, doctrina, ac sanctitate clari.

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(8) 6. BAIALARDO (?-after April 1130 and before 1144)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Baialardus and as Abaylardus.

Education. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Brindisi in 1118 (1). He is mentioned, as Baialard de Brindisi, among the bishops who were present at the consecration of Pope Gelasius II in Gaeta on March 10, 1118 (2).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon probably in 1120; his deaconry is not known. In the privilege issued by Pope Callistus II for Archbishop Bisantius of Trani on November 6, 1120, he appears as supplicant for the archbishop. Received the episcopal consecration from Pope Callistus II; on February 22, 1122, the pope announced his nomination and consecration in a letter addressed to Countess Sikelgaita of Brindisi and nobleman Tancredo de Conversano; this letter confirmed that the newly consecrated archbishop was previously cardinal deacon; after receiving episcopal consecration, he resigned his cardinalitial dignity, as was customary at the time; moreover, the episcopal rights of the see of Oria were united with to the ones of the see of Brindisi. On that same day, the archbishop received from the pope a privilege concerning the possessions and privileges of his see; as well as the confirmation that the use of the pallium had been given. Between 1126 and 1129, there was a dispute between Archbishop Baialardus and the nuns of S. Benedict because of the jurisdiction over a church; Pope Honorius II asked Countess Sikelgaita of Brindisi, to resolve the controversy; Cardinal Pietro, deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata, was sent by the pope as legate; a gathering of prelates resolved the dispute in favor of the nuns. In April 1130, Count Tancredo granted a gift to the Church of Brindisi and its archbishop, Baialardo. This is the last time the archbishop is mentioned in a document.

Death. After April 1130; by 1144, there was a successor in the see of Brindisi, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Duchesne, Louis ; Vogel, Cyrille. Le Liber Pontificalis. 3 vols facsims. Paris : E. Thorin, 1957. (Bibliothèque des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et de Rome. 2. sér.,; 3; Variation: Bibliothèque des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et de Rome). Notes: Vol. 3: Bibliothèque des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et de Rome./ Vol. 3 has imprint: Paris, E. de Boccard./ Vol. 3: Additions et corrections de L. Duchesne, publiées par Cyrille Vogel, avec l'histoire du Liber pontificalis depuis l'édition de L. Duchesne, une bibliographie et des tables générales./ "Liste des manuscrits cités dans le Liber pontificalis": v. 3, p. [177]-182. Responsibility: texte, introduction et commentaire par L. Duchesne; Gams, Pius Bonifatius, II, 315"; Series episcoporum Ecclsiae Catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. 862; Ganzer, Klaus. Die entwicklung des auswärtigen kardinalats im hohen mittelater ; ein beitrag zur geschichte des kardinalkollegiums vom 11.bis 13. jahrhundert. Tügingen : Niemeyer, 1963, p.74-75, no. 28; Hüls, Rudolf. Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130. 1 aufl. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1977. (Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rom: Bd. 48), p. 245, no. 4.

(1) This is according to Duchesne, Le Liber Pontificalis. II, 315. Ganzer, Die entwicklung des auswärtigen kardinalats im hohen mittelater. Tügingen : Niemeyer, 1963, p. 74, no. 28, says that this is mistaken.

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