The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Callistus II (1119-1124)
Consistory of December 1122 (VII)


(22) 1. GUILLAUME (?-1139)

Birth. (No date found), France.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Palestrina in the consistory of December 1122. Consecrated (no information found); enthroned on June 6, 1123. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 6, 1123 and June 1, 1124; April 2, 1125 and March 24, 1129; and March 1130 and January 30, 1137. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals toward 1129. Participated in the papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected. He supported the pope against Antipope Anacletus II. Legate in Germany, where he consecrated Archbishop Bruno of Cologne. Legate in Spain, where he presided over the Council of Valladolid in 1137.

Death. No later than December 22, 1139, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 40, no. 44; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 261; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 946; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 120, no. 2; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 780. 823 and 840.

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(23) 2. BOCCAPECORA, Teobaldo (?-?)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. Of the Boccapecorini family. He is also listed as Teobaldo only, Teobaldo Bocapecci, Teobaldo Buccapeco and Theobald Buccapecus.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Anastasia in the consistory of December 1122 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 6, 1123 and April 1, 1124. Participated in the papal election of 1124 and was reluctantly elected pope.

Papacy. Elected pope on December 15 or 16, 1124; he had just been clothed with the pontifical insignias and taken the name Celestine II (2) when Roberto Frangipani and his armed men broke into the church of S. Pancrazio al Laterano, where a Te Deum was celebrating the election; Frangipani made Cardinal Lamberto Scannabecchi, who had supported the election of Cardinal Teobaldo, be proclaimed as Pope Honorius II; during the struggle, Cardinal Teodaldo was wounded and resigned on the following day in favor of Pope Honorius II to avoid a schism and "rentra dans l'obscurité" (3); Cardinal Scannabecchi accepted the pontificate after a new election took place. Since Celestine II was not consecrated or enthroned, his name does not appear in the list of popes but he should not be considered an antipope because his election was regular and legitimate. He was replaced in his cardinalitial title in 1126.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 215-216; Cerrini, Simonetta. "Celestino II, antipapa." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, II, 259-260; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 913; Del Re, Niccolò. "Celestino II, papa eletto." Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1995, p. 249; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 121, no. 12; Kelly, John Norman Davidson. The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1986, p. 167; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 780.

Links. Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; brief biographical entry, in English, Encyclopaedia Britannica.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 121, no. 12. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 215; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 913, indicate that he was created cardinal by Pope Paschal II. Cerrini, "Celestino II, antipapa." Enciclopedia dei papi, II, 259, says that he was cardinal deacon of S. Maria Nuova by March 23, 1112. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 957, lists him among the participants in the papal election of 1118, in which Pope Honorius II was elected.
(2) On September 26, 1143, Cardinal Guido di Castello (1127) was elected to the papacy and took the name Celestine II because Cardinal Boccapecora, not having been consecrated or enthroned, is not considered a pope and, therefore, does not count in the papal chronology.
(3) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 121, no. 12.

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(24) 3. CACCIANEMICI DELL'ORSO, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno, Gerardo (toward the end of the 11th century-1145)

Birth. Toward the end of the 11th century, Bologna. Son of Alberto dell'Orso (or Urso). Uncle or cousin of Cardinal Ubaldo Caccianemici, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno (1144). His first name is also listed as Gherardo and Girardo; and his last name as Caccianemici only and as Caccianimicus.

Education. Joined the Canons Regular of S. Maria di Reno in the monastery of Bologna (1).

Priesthood. Ordained (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme in the consistory of December 1122. He renovated his titular church and attached to it a community of canons regular. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 1 and May 26, 1124. Legate in Germany in 1125, supporting the imperial election of Lothair III; and again in 1127-1128, to bring the new emperor the papal recognition. In 1126, he was legate in Germany for the election of Norbert von Xanten to the see of Magdeburg. Subscribed papal bulls issued on February 6, 1126. Rector of Benevento in 1128. Participated in the papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between February 29, 1131 and December 15, 1141. In 1137, he went to Monte Cassino and joined a papal legation formed by Cardinals Aymery de la Châtre, chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, Guido di Castello and Badouin, O.Cist., of S. Maria in Trastevere, supporting the pope in the dispute over the legitimacy of the election of Abbot Rainaldo and over the relations of the abbey with the papacy and the empire; Cardinal Aymery deposed the abbot for supporting Antipope Anacletus II. Cardinal primoprete in 1140. Named librarian of the Holy Roman Church in 1141; and chancelor in 1143. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 14, 1142 and May 16, 1143. Participated in the papal election of 1143, in which Pope Celestine II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between October 19, 1143 and March 8, 1144. Participated in the papal election of 1144 and was elected pope.

Papacy. Elected pope on March 9, 1144, at the monastery of S. Gregorio al Celio, (in Clivio Scauri). Took the name Lucius II. He was consecrated bishop of Rome on March 12, 1144 by Cardinal Albéric, O.S.B.Clun., bishop of Ostia; and crowned on that same day, at the patriarchal Vatican basilica, Rome, by Cardinal Gregorio Tarquini, protodeacon of Ss. Sergio e Bacco. He created seven cardinals in two consistories. He was a friend of Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint. He had political difficulties in Rome when a popular commune was established and it set up a senate independent from the Holy See; after failing to obtain the support of Sicily and Germany, the pope decided to take up arms himself to restore his authority in the city; he led an assault against the Capitol, where the senate was functioning; he was severely wounded by the stones used as ammunition and died shortly after.

Death. February 15, 1145, monastery of S. Gregorio al Celio, Rome. Buried in the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome.

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 33, no. 11; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 263-265; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 952 and 1019-1028; Del Re, Niccolò. "Lucio II, papa." Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1995, p. 675; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 121, no. 13; Kelly, John Norman Davidson. The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1986, p. 171-172; Miliani, Giuliano. "Lucius II." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, II, 276-279; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 780, 823 and 841; and II, 1.

Links. Biography by Michael Ott, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; his picture and biography, in English, Wikiepdia; biography, in English, Encyclopaedia Britannica; biography, in English, Christ's Faithful People; biography by Giuliano Milani, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 66 (2007), Trecani; his picture and biography, in Italian, Cronologia.Leonardo; his engraving and arms, Biblioteca comunale dell'Archiginnasio, Bologna.

(1) This is according to Miliani, "Lucius II." Enciclopedia dei papi, II, 276, which add that other sources say that he was a canon in the monastery of S. Frediano di Lucca; opinion shared by "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 121, no. 13; and by Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, p. 171, which says that it was the most important Italian congregation of canons regular.

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(25) 4. PIETRO (?-ca. 1128)

Birth. (No date or place found). He may possibly have been Cardinal Pietro Capizucchi; if he was, other cardinals of the family were Gianroberto Capizucchi (1088); Roberto Capizucchi (1097) (no information found about him); Gian Roberto Capizucchi (1126); Gianantonio Capizucchi (1555); and Raimondo Capizucchi, O.P. (1681).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo in the consistory of December 1122. Subscribed a papal bul on November 1, 1123. He may have been legate in Umbria.

Death. Ca. 1128, (no place found). Buried (no information found)

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 121, no. 14; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781.

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(26) 5. CONTI, Gregorio (?-ca. 1140)

Birth. (No date found), Rome (1). He is also listed as Gregorio only; and his last name as Ceccano; perhaps he was of the family of the counts (conti) of Ceccano.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. XII Apostoli in the consistory of December 1122 (2). Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 6, 1123 and June 4, 1124; April 2, 1125 and April 19, 1129. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Legate in Monte Cassino to preside the general chapter after the removal of Abbot Oderisio. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130; he was deposed by Pope Innocent II shortly after. Subscribed a bull issued on March 27, 1130. In November 1137, when King Ruggiero II of Sicily invited the pope and the antipope to present their claims before him in Salerno, Cardinal Conti was one of the three cardinals representing Antipope Anacletus II. Participated in the election of 1138 and was elected antipope.

Antipapacy. Elected Antipope Victor IV mid-March 1138, after his supporters sought permission to do so from King Ruggiero II (3). Resigned on March 29, 1138 due to the intervention of Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint. Made his submission to Innocent II, who reinstated him to his cardinalitial dignity on May 29, 1138, together with the other cardinals who had followed him. Subscribed papal bulls issued between June 21, 1138 and March 18, 1139. At the Second Lateran Council, April 1139, the pope reversed his decision and deposed Cardinal Gregorio Conti and the other cardinals that he had reinstated. For this, he was strongly criticized by Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint. He retired to the priorate of S. Eusebio, Fontanella, near Sotto il Monte (now Sotto il Monte Giovanni XXIII).

Death. Ca. 1140, priorate of S. Eusebio. Buried in the priorate of S. Eusebio.

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 33-34, no. 13; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 261-262; Carpegna Falconieri, Tomasso di. "Vittore IV, antipapa." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, II, 270-272; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 951; Del Re, Niccolò. "Vittore IV, antipapa."Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1995, p. 1092-1093; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 121, 15; Kelly, John Norman Davidson. The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1986, p. 170; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 780, 823, 840 and 911.

Links. Brief biographical entry by Klemens Löffler, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; brief biographical entry, in English, Encyclopaedia Britannica; biography, in German, Wikipedia.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 121, no. 15. Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, p. 170, says that he was born in Ceccano, province of Frosinone.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 121, no. 15. Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, p. 170, says that he was created cardinal in the first decade of the pontificate of Pope Paschal II.
(3) He is not to be confused with Antipope Victor IV (1159-1164).

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(27) 6. CARIACENO, Pietro (?-ca. 1138)

Birth. (No date found), Garisendo, diocese of Bologna.

Education. (No information found)

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti (S. Equitii) in the consistory of December 1122 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued on April 1, 1124; and between May 5, 1125 and March 24, 1129; and April 3, 1130 and December 5, 1131. Attended the solemn dedication of the church of S. Lorenzo in Lucina effected by Pope Honorius II on December 20, 1130. Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica in 1128. Participated in the papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected. He remained loyal to the pope in spite of the effort of Antipope Anacletus II to attract him to his obedience.

Death. Ca. 1138, (no place found). Buried (no information found)

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 277-278; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 964; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 121, no. 16; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781, 823 and 840.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 121, no. 16. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 272; and Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 964, say that he was created cardinal by Pope Honorius II; "Essai" adds that he is confused with Pietro dei Garsendi (1125). It seems that Johannes Matthias Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181 (Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912), p. 38, no. 36, which lists him as Peter Rufus or Rubeus, confuses him with Cardinal Pietro, deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere (1118).

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(28) 7. DAUFERIO, Giovanni (?-ca. 1135)

Birth. (No date found), Salerno. He is also listed as Johannes Dauferii; and his last name as Dauferius.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere in the consistory of December 1122. Subscribed papal bulls issued on April 6, 1123; and between March 28, 1126 and April 10, 1129. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130. The antipope named him cardinal priest of S. Pudenziana (S. Pastoris). Subscribed bulls issued between March 27, 1130 and September 14, 1131. Made his submission to Pope Innocent II. Subscribed papal bulls issued between December 21, 1133 and January 11, 1134, as deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere. Then on March 9, 1134, he was named cardinal priest of S. Pudenziana. On April 22, 1134, he was awarded a doctorate.

Death. Ca. 1135, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 36, no. 24; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 266; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 953; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 123, no. 29; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781, 823, 841 and 911.

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(29) 8. TARQUINI, Gregorio (?-ca. July 1145)

Birth. (No date found), Rome.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Sergio e Bacco in the consistory of December 1122. Subscribed papal bulls issued on April 6, 1123; and between April 2, 1125 and April 19, 1129; April 3, 1130 and May 16, 1143; October 19, 1143 and March 4, 1144; March 15, 1144 and February 14, 1145; and March 14 and June 17, 1145. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected. He always remained loyal to the legitimate pope and opposed Antipope Anacletus II. Participated in the papal election of 1143, in which Pope Celestine II was elected. Cardinal protodeacon in 1143. Participated in the papal election of 1144, in which Pope Lucius II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1145, in which Pope Eugenius III was elected.

Death. Between June 17 and September 21, 1145 (1), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 17, no. 34; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 265; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 952; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 123, no. 30; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781, 823 and 841; and II, 1, 7 and 20.

(1) This is according to Brixiua, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, 1912, p. 17, no. 34. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 123, no. 30says that he died ca. July 1145. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 265, says that he died ca. 1150.

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(30) 9. UBERTO (?-ca. 1125)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata in the consistory of December 1122. Subscribed a papal bull on April 6, 1123.

Death. Ca. 1125, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 267-268; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 954; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 123, no. 31; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781.

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(32) 10. MATTEO (?-ca. 1126)

Birth. (No date found), Pisa.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Adriano in the consistory of December 1122. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April6, 1123 and April 1, 1124; and April 2 and May 5, 1125.Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected.

Death. Ca. 1126, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 266; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 953; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 123, no. 32; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781.

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(32) 11. GREGORIO (?-ca. 1130)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Lucia in Septisolio in the consistory of December 1122. Subscribed a papal bull issued on April6, 1123.

Death. Ca. 1130, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 268; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 954; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 123, no. 33; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781.

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(33) 12. ANGELO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Domnica in the consistory of December 1122. Subscribed a papal bull issued on April 6, 1123. Participated in the papal election of 1124, in which Pope Honorius II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued bewteen April 2, 1125 May 7, 1128. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130. Subscribed a bull issued on April 24, 1130. It is not known if he made his submission to the legitimate pope.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 32, no. 5; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 265-266; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 952; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 123, no. 34; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 781, 823 and 911.

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