The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Honorius II (1124-1130)
Consistory celebrated in 1126 (III)


(10) 1. MATHIEU, O.S.B.Clun. (?-1135)

Birth. (No date found), in the archdiocese of Reims, France. Of an aristocratic family. Relative of Bishop Hughes of Amiens.

Education. In his youth, he studied theology in Laon. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) Cluniacense.

Early life. Joined the service of the church when his friend Radulf became archbishop of Reims in 1106. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Reims. Joined the Benedictines at the monastery of Saint-Martin-des-Champs, Paris, in 1119.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Pierre le Vénérable named him prior of the monastery of Saint-Martin-des-Champs in 1126

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Albano in a consistory celebrated in 1126. Consecrated (no information found). He was legate in France several times and presided the Council of Troyes in January 1128. Participated in the papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 3, 1130 and November 7, 1135. He accompanied Pope II in exile and always was loyal to the pope; he went with the pope to France, Spain, England and Germany and greatly contributed to rally those countries to Innocent II's cause against Antipope Anacletus II. He retired to the monastery of S. Zenon in Pisa, where he died with great fame of holiness.

Death. December 25, 1135, monastery of S. Zenon, Pisa. Buried in Pisa. His biography was written by Pierre le Vénérable.

Beatification. Inscribed as a blessed in the Benedictine and Gallican martyrologies.

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 36-37, no. 28; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 272-274; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 960-962; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 101-105; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 123, no. 2; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

Links. Arms and biography, in French, p. 101-105;

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(11) 2. GIOVANNI, O.S.B.Cam. (?-1133)

Birth. (No date found), Bologna. He is also listed as Giovanni Vitale.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) Calmadolese.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Elected abbot general of his order in 1114 or 1115.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Ostia in a consistory celebrated in December 1126. Consecrated (no information found). Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 24 and April 19, 1129. Participated in the papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 2, 1130 and June 4, 1133.

Death. At the end of 1133 (1), Pisa. Buried in Pisa.

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 35, no. 22; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 274-275; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 962-963; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 123, no. 3; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 823 and 840.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928 p. 123, no. 3. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 35, no. 22, says that he died before Christmas 1135.

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(12) 3. BIANCHELLI, iuniore, Sigizzo (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Sigizzone and Sigizzo only; and his surname as Cianchetti.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro in a consistory celebrated in 1126. Subscribed a papal bull issued on July 21, 1126. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 280-281; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 966; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 124, no. 8; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 823.

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(13) 4. GREGORIO (?-ca. 1137)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Sabina in a consistory celebrated in 1126. Subscribed a papal bull issued on July 21, 1126.

Death. Ca. 1137, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 285; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 969; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 124, no. 9; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 823.

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(14) 5. MATTEO (?-1137 or 1138)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli (Eudoxiæ) in a consistory celebrated in December 1126 or 1127 (1). Subscribed a papal bull issued on May 7, 1128. Participated in the election of Antipope Anacletus II in February 1130. Subscribed bulls issued between September 27 and December 10, 1130. Named chancellor of the Holy Roman Church; as such, subscribed bulls issued between October 21, 1136 and April 27, 1137. Sent to Salerno by the antipope to try to validate his illegitimate election. He did not reconcile with the legitimate pope.

Death. 1137 or 1138, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 36, no. 27; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 277; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 964; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 124, no. 10; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 912.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 124, no. 10. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 36, no. 27, says that he was a cardinal by July 21, 1126 .

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(15) 6. ANSELMO, Can. Reg. of S. Pietro in Caelo aureo (?-1143)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. Joined the Canons Regular of S. Pietro in Caelo aureo, Pavia (1).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina in a consistory celebrated in December 1126 or 1127. Subscribed papal bulls issued on May 7, 1128; and between August 7, 1130 and June 21, 1141. Participated in the papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected.

Death. Before September 1143, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 32, no. 6; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 281; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 966-967; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 124, no. 11; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, .

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 124, no. 11, which adds that he may have entered thte Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines). Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 281, says that he joined the Canons Regular of SS. Salvatore in the monastery of Cielodoro, Pavia, or the Order of Saint Benedict.

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(16) 7. PIERRE (?-ca. 1134)

Birth. (No date found), France. He was a close friend of Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Anastasia in a consistory celebrated in December 1126. Subscribed papal bulls issued between May 7, 1128 and April 20, 1129; and March 1130 and February 21, 1131. Legate in Cisalpine Gaul; he deposed the patriarchs of Aquileia and Grado in the Council of Ravenna in 1128. Participated in the papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected.

Death. Ca. 1134, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 281-282; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 967; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 106-107; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 124, no. 12; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 823 and 840.

Link. Arms and biography, in French, p. 106-107.

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(17) 8. CAPIZUCCHI, Gian Roberto (?-1127/1128)

Birth. (No date or place found). Of an ancient and illustrious family. His first name is also listed as Giovanni only; and his last name as Capisucci, Capisucco, Capisucchi and Capizzuchi. Other cardinals of the family were Gianroberto Capizucchi (1088); Roberto Capizucchi (1097) (no information found about him); Pietro Capizucchi (1122); Gianantonio Capizucchi (1555); and Raimondo Capizucchi, O.P. (1681).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Cecilia in a consistory celebrated in December 1126 or 1127 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between May 5, 1125 (?) and May 7, 1128.

Death. Between May 7, 1128 and March 24, 1129, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 280; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 149, no. 16; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 823.

Links. Funeral monument of his family, church of S. Maria in Campitelli, Rome, where Cardinal Raimondo Capizucchi, O.P. (1681), built a chapel; and I Capizzuchi, in Italian.

(1) Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 1, 280, says that he should not be confused with Cardinal Roberto Capizucchi (1097). "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927, p. 149, no. 16, says that he was created cardinal priest of S. Clemente in 1088; that he opted for an unknown title toward 1095; for the title of S. Cecilia toward 1120; and that he died in 1128. The funeral monument of his family, which photograph is linked above, indicates that he was created cardinal priest of S. Cecilia in 1126.

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