The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Innocent II (1130-1143)
Consistory celebrated in 1130 (I)


(1) 1. BADOUIN, O.Cist. (?-1145)

Birth. (No date found), France (1). Brother (?) of Cardinal Rainaldo di Collemezzo, O.S.B. (1140). He is also listed as Baldwin, Baudouin, Balduino and Baldovino (2).

Education. Entered the Order of the Cistercians. He was a disciple of Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in a consistory celebrated in 1130; his original title is not known. Accompanied Pope Innocent II in France from September 1130 to April 1132. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 16, 1137 and April 12, 1138, with the title of S. Maria fudentis oleum (in Trastevere). In 1138, he was part of a papal legation formed by Cardinal Aymery de la Châtre, chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, and Gerardo Caccianemici dell'Orso, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno, supporting the pope in the dispute over the legitimacy of the election of Abbot Rainaldo and over the relations of the abbey with the papacy and the empire; Cardinal Aymery deposed the abbot for supporting Antipope Anacletus II.He was the first Cistercian cardinal.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Pisa, primate of Corsica and Sardinia, before April 22, 1138. Consecrated (no information found). He resigned his title when he was promoted to the episcopate as it was customary at the time. Legate in Sardinia, where he excommunicated one of the premier magistrates of the island.

Death. October 6, 1145 (3), Pisa (?). Buried (no information found).

Beatification. Inscribed as a blessed in the Cistercian Martyrology. His feast is celebrated on October 6.

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 40, no. 5; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 1-2; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 982-984; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 110-112; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 127; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

Webgraphy. Biography, in French, p. 110-112; brief biographical data, in English, under "October 6" (Cistercian Menology); brief biographical entry, in Italian; and La statua di San Balduino, in Studi storici - gchisari@Dom, 10/07/2005 - 00:06 - modificato Dom, 11/06/2006 - 02:05, in Italian.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 127. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 1, says that he was a Pisan noble, according to several sources; or French, according to others. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 982, says that he was French.
(2) He is often confused with Balduino da Rieti, Cistercian abbot, who died in 1140 (brief biographical data, in English, under "July 24" (Cistercian Menology); biography, in Italian; biography. in Norwegian; and brief biographical entry, in German).
(3) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 127. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 40, no. 5, says that he probably died on May 25, 1145. Du Chesne, Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois, II, 112, says that he died on October 6, 1146, with the fame of a saint.

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(2) 2. PIETRO (?-1130)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marco in a consistory celebrated in 1130. Subscribed a papal bull issued on April 3, 1130.

Death. Shortly after April 3, 1130 (1), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 45, no. 37; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 127; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 127. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 45, no. 37, citing Necrologi e libri affini della Provincia Romana, edited by Pietro Egidi (Roma : Forzani e c., tipografi del Senato, 1908-1914), I, 295-96, says that he died on February 22, 1131.

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(3) 3. STANZIO (?-1143)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Stancius and Statius.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Susanna in a consistory celebrated in 1130 (or between 1130 and 1133) (1). He joined the obedience of Antipope Anacletus II (2). Apparently he returned to the obedience of Pope Innocent II because he subscribed papal bulls issued between April 22, 1138 and September 30, 1142.

Death. Before December 17, 1143, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 47, no. 47; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 13; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 127; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 127. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 12, says that he was created cardinal in December 1134 or in 1135.
(2) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 127, says that he may be confused with Cardinal
Pietro Gherardesca (1112).

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(4) 4. LUC, O.Cist. (?-1140)

Birth. (No date found), France.

Education. Entered the Order of the Cistercians. He was a student and friend of Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint. He was educated at the monastery of Clairvaux.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Papal scriptor, January 1, 1131 (1).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo (Pammachii) in a consistory celebrated in 1130 (2). Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 8, 1132 and March 9, 1140. He substituted for Cardinal Aimerico as chancellor from June 7, 1137 and December 21, 1138. He accompanied Pope Innocent II in his trip from Italy to France.

Death. At the end of 1140 (3), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 44, no. 31; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 2; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 984; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 113-115; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 127; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 113-115.

(1) This is according to Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 44, no. 31, that says he was promoted on March 4, 1132.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 127; Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 44, no. 31, says that he was promoted on March 4, 1132.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 127; Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 44, no. 31, says that he died before December 19, 1141, when his successor in the title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo was named.

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(5) 5. ADINOLFO, O.S.B. (?-before 1153)

Birth. (No date or place found). Son of Count Rinaldo. He is also listed as Adinulphus, Adenut, Adenulf and Adenulf.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of S. Salvatore Maggiore sul Monte Laterano, 1124. Abbot of the monastery of S. Maria de Farfa, February 9, 1125.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in a consistory celebrated in 1130 (1); his title is not known. Subscribed papal bulls issued on October 28, 1143 (as Adenut S.R.E. diaconus, Farfiensis abbas). Legate of Pope Celestine II before Emperor Konrad. Participated in the papal election of 1144, in which Pope Lucius II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1145, in which Pope Eugenius III was elected.

Death. Before 1153, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 40, no. 1; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 34; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1003; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 127; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 1.

Webgraphy. The Medieval Abbey of Farfa: Target of Papal and Imperial Ambitions by Mary Stroll (Leiden : Brill, 1997), in English.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 128. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 35; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 1003, say that the date of his creation is not known. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 40, no. 1, says that he was created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in schola Græca (S. Maria in Cosmedin) no later than December 16, 1132; that he subscribed papal bulls issued between December 20, 1132 and October 28, 1143; that he returned to the possession of his abbey; and died in 1144.

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(6) 6. SAVELLI, Innocenzo (?-ca. 1133)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. Of an illustrious family.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marco in a consistory celebrated at the end of 1130 (1).

Death. Ca. 1133, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 35; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1003; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 127.

Webgraphy. The Savelli family by Norbert M. Borengässer, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon.

(1) Some sources say that he was created cardinal in November 1130 at the Council of Clermont. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 35; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 1003, say that the date of his creation is not known.

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(7) 7. GREGORIO (?-ca. 1138)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Prisca perhaps in a consistory celebrated in 1130 (or in 1134) (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between June 18, 1135 and June 30, 1137.

Death. Ca. 1138, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 42, no. 15; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 38; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1004; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 127; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 127. Cardella, Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 35; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 1003, say that the date of his creation is not known.

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(7) 7. SIRO (?-1163)

Birth. (No date found), Italy. His name is also listed as Syrus.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest or deacon of an unknown title or deaconry, probably on February 21, 1130.

Episcopate. Shortly after his promotion to the cardinalate, in July or August 1130, he was named bishop of Genoa (1). Consecrated, September 1130, at Saint-Gilles, by Pope Innocent II. On March 20, 1133, Pope Innocent II raised the diocese of Genoa to the rank of metropolitan see and Cardinal Siro became its first archbishop. As archbishop of Genoa, he obtained numerous privileges from the successive Popes Innocent II, Eugene III, Adrian IV and Alexander III, issued between May 25, 1133 and June 7, 1162. Subscribed a papal bull, issued by Pope Eugene III on August 18, 1145, in favor of the monastery of S. Stefano, Genoa; he subscribed only as Januensis archiepiscopus, but his signature appears in the column together with the cardinal priests, which suggests that he belonged to this cardinalitial order. In the schism that resulted from the double papal election in 1159, he supported Pope Alexander III.

Death. September 30, 1163, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. 815; Horn, Micheal. Studien zur Geschichte Papst Eugens III. (1145-1153). Frankfurt am Mein : Verlag Peter Lang, 1992, pp. 306, 385-386; Harttung, Julius Pflugk. Acta pontificum Romanorum inedita. Vol. 3, Stuttgart 1886, p. 70-71; Jacobus, de Voragine, ca. 1229-1298 ; Monleone, Giovanni. Iacopo da Varagine e la sua Cronaca di Genova dalle origini al MCCXCVII. 3 vols. Roma : Tipografia del Senato, 1941. (Fonti per la storia d'Italia, pubblicate dal R. Istituto sterico italiano per il medio evo. Scrittori. Secolo XIII. [No. 84-86]). Contents: v. l. Studio introduttivo.--v. 2. Cronaca.--v. 3. Indice onomastico della Cronaca. Indice onomastico del commento. Indice bibliografico generale (p. [85]-187); Kehr, Paul Fridolin. Regesta Pontificum Romanorum. Italia Pontificia. Volumen VI. Pars II. Pedemontium - Liguria Maritima, Berlin 1914, p. 266 no. 5; p. 266 note to no. 5; p. 266-269, no. 6-15; Zenker, Barbara. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130 bis 1159. Dorsten, Westf. : B. Zenker, 1964, p. 192-193 no. 158.

(1) Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae, p. 815, says that he was named ca. August 1130, and calls him Saint Syrus II (III)

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(8) 8. ATTI, Azzone degli (?-1139)

Birth. (No date found), Todi (?). He is also listed as Azo and Azzone only.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Prior of the collegiate church of S. Antonino, Piacenza.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1130; his deaconry is not known (1). Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Anastasia in 1134. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 8, 1135 and May 25, 1139.

Death. At the end of 1139, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 40, no. 4; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 37-38; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1104; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. ; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 127. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 40, no. 4, says that he was created cardinal deacon of the Roman Church on December 20, 1132. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 35; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 1003, say that the date of his creation is not known.

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(9) 9. FATTIBONI, Odone (?-1162)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. Of an aristocratic family. He is also listed as Odo Bonaecasae; and his first name as Odo, Oddo, Otto and Ottone.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro in a consistory celebrated in 1130. Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 8, 1132 and May 31, 1143; October 19, 1143 and March 4, 1144; March 15, 1144 and January 31, 1145; April 28, 1145 and June 16, 1153; July 23, 1153 and May 19, 1154; April 17, 1155 and July 30, 1159; October 15, 1159 and December 1, 1161. Participated in the papal election of 1143, in which Pope Celestine II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1144, in which Pope Lucius II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1145, in which Pope Eugenius III was elected. On March 14, 1145, he crowned new Pope Eugenius III, who had been consecrated in the abbey of Farfa on the preceding February 18. Cardinal protodeacon at the end of 1145. Participated in the papal election of 1153, in which Pope Anastasius IV was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1154, in which Pope Adrian IV was elected.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Cesena in 1155. Consecrated (no information found). Participated in the papal election of 1159, in which Pope Alexander III was elected; he crowned the new pope on September 20, 1159.

Death. Before December 21, 1162, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 45, no. 35; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 5; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 986-987; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 130; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 841 and II, 1, 7, 20, 90, 103 and 146.

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(10) 10. GAYMER (?-before 1134)

Birth. (No date found), Bourgogne, France

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Eustachio in a consistory celebrated in 1130.

Death. Before 1134, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 130.

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(11) 11. VICO, Guido da (after 1050-1150)

Birth. After 1050, Caprona, Pisa. Of the counts of Caprona. Son of Ugone. He is also listed as Guido da Caprona.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Cosma e Damiano iuxta templum Romuli in a consistory celebrated in 1130. Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 8, 1132 and September 30, 1142; February 17 and March 8, 1144; March 13, 1144 and February 14, 1145; March 10, 1145 and July 13, 1146. Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church and as such, signed papal bulls issued between December 17, 1146 and April 11, 1147; and June 7, 1147 and May 6, 1149. Legate of Pope Innocent II in Milan, together with Cardinal Matteo, bishop of Albano, and Bernard de Clairvaux. Participated in the papal election of 1143, in which Pope Celestine II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1144, in which Pope Lucius II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1145, in which Pope Eugenius III was elected. Legate in France, in Verona and in Germany.

Death. August 15, 1150 (1), Rome. Buried in the church of Ss. Cosma e Damiano, his deaconry (2).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 43, no. 22; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 7-8; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 697-698; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 130; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840 and II, 1, 7 and 20.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Angelo Fabroni, Memorie istoriche de uomini pisani, tome II, p. 31-48, in Italian.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 130. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 8, says that he died in 1153; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 897, says that he died an. 1153, xviij Kal. Septeb.; Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 43, no. 22, says tha he died before November 6, 1149.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 897:

Sedis Apostolicæ Guido Camcellarius in se
Quam nihil est mundi Gloriæ, morte probat :
Pisa virum peprit, quem donat Romæ sepulchre
Vix paritura parem, vix fræstura pars.
Non opera pectoris eret, non marmore sculpto
Non titulo celebri tam titulosus homo.
Tertiæ post idus Augusti peperit illum
Virtutum titulis invidiosa dies
Haic sine nocte diem, vitam sine morte, quiescem
Dei sine fine quies, vitæ diesque Deus.

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(12) 12. GUIDO (?-1138)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Cleric of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Adriano in a consistory celebrated in 1130. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 14, 1134 and June 21, 1138.

Death. Shortly after June 21, 1138, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 43, no. 21; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 8-9; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 988; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 130; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

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(13) 13. GUIDO (?-ca. 1145)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1130; his deaconry is not known. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 29, 1140 and April 25, 1142. Participated in the papal election of 1143, in which Pope Celestine II was elected.

Death. Ca. 1145, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 130; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 841.

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(14) 14. TEODOLI, Alberto (?-ca. 1155)

Birth. (No date found), Florence (1). He is also listed as Albert Theodulus; Albertus Theadulus; and Alberto only.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Teodoro in a consistory celebrated in 1130 (2). Subscribed papal bulls issued between February 20 and December 1, 1131.

Death. Ca. 1155, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 32, no. 3; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 968 and 972; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 228; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 130; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 841.

(1) This is according to Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 32, no. 3, which adds that Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 968, is mistaken when he says that the cardinals was bron in Forli.
(2) Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 972, says that he was created cardinal by Pope Honorius II in 1127 and participated in the
papal election of 1130, in which Pope Innocent II was elected. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 228, says that he was created cardinal in 1155.

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(15) 15. SILVANO (?-ca. 1142)

Birth. (No date or place found). His name is also listed as Sylvino.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Lucia in Septisolio in a consistory celebrated in 1130 (1).

Death. Ca. 1142 (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, ; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. ; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 130.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 130, which says that he may be the same as Pseudocardinal Silvano, created by Antipope Anacletus II.

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(16) 16. VASSALO (?-1142 or 1143)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Vassalus and Vasall.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro in a consistory celebrated ca. 1130. Opted for the deaconry of S. Eustachio iuxta templum Agrippae in 1134. Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 13, 1134 and April 25, 1142.

Death. Shortly after April 25, 1142 or in 1143, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 47, no. 52; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 14-15 ; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 991; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 130; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

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(17) 17. BOEZIO, O.S.B.Vall., Lucio (?-ca. 1144)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. He is also listed as Boetius only.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at Vallombrosa. He had the title of magister.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Vito e Modesto in a consistory celebrated in 1130 (?) or 1134 (?). Subscribed papal bulls issued between June 7, 1135 and May 23, 1138. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Clemente. Subscribed papal bulls issued between February 13, 1139 and May 1, 1143.

Death. Ca. 1144 (1), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 40, no. 8; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 13-14; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 990-991; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 130; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840 and 841.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 130. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 14, says that he died in 1147.

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(18) 18. SAVELLI, Vitale (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Agata in Suburra in a consistory celebrated in 1130 (?) (1).

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 130.

Webgraphy. Savelli family by Norbert M. Borengässer, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon.

(1) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 130, says that he may be confused with Pseudocardinal Oderisio, created by Antipope Anacletus II.

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