The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Innocent II (1130-1143)
Consistory celebrated in 1135 (V)


(33) 1. UGO (?-1136)

Birth. (No date found), Umolaria.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Albano in a consistory celebrated in 1135. Consecrated (no information found).

Death. January 1136, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 126.

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(34) 2. GRIFFONE (?-1152)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Griffon, Griffo, Gripho and Grypho.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Pudenziana (Pastoris) in a consistory celebrated in 1135. Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica in 1138. Subscribed papal bulls issued between June 21, 1138 and March 1, 1139.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Ferrara on April 22, 1139. Consecrated (no information found). He resigned his title, as it was customary at the time, when elected to an episcopal see. Pope Innocent II donated him the body of S. Romano for the church dedicated to the saint in Ferrara.

Death. After June 2, 1152, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 42, no. 19; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 14; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 991; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 128; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

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(35) 3. YVES, Can. Reg. of Saint-Victor of Paris (?-1143)

Birth. (No date found), France. His name is also listed as Yvo, Ivone, Yvone, Yves de Sainct Victor and Yves de Chartres. He was a close friend of Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint.

Education. Joined the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine at the monastery of Saint-Victor of Paris. He had the title of magister.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro in a consistory celebrated ca. 1135 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between February 7, 1137 and April 12, 1138. Opted for the order of priests and the title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso on May 27, 1138. Subscribed papal bulls issued between July 26, 1138 and January 15, 1142. Legate in France in 1142, at the request of Count Thibaud, to address the problem caused by Count Raoul de Vermandois, when he repudiated his legitimate wife to marry Petronille, sister Queen Eleonor of France; the cardinal excommunicated Count Raoul; suspended Bishops Barthélemy of Laon, Simon of Noyon and Pierre of Senlis, who had supported the repudiation; and placed the kingdom under interdict. The cardinal legate was not able to return to Rome because of grave illness, of which he died. Bernard de Clairvaux wrote a letter to the pope informing the pontiff of the actions of the legate.

Death. 1143, France (2). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 44, no. 30; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 37; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1004; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 266; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 125-126; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 131, no. 58; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840 and 841.

Webgraphy. Biography, in French, p. 125-126.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 131, no. 58; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1927 (Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928), p. 152, no. 52, says that an Yves, born in Chartres, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine in the abbey of Saint-Victor of Paris, was created cardinal in 1099, citing Cristofori. Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 266, says that he was promoted to the cardinalate in 1099, that his title is unknown and calls him Ivo, Can. Reg. de Chartres; on p. 139, Cristofori says that he was created cardinal priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso in 1130, occupied it until 1137, and calls him Ivo. Du Chesne, Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois, II, 125, says that he was created cardinal priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso during the Council of Clermont celebrated in December 1130. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 35, and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 1003, say that the date of his promotion to the cardinalate is unknown.
(2) According to Du Chesne, Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois, II, 126, the anniversary of Cardinal Yves is marked in the martyrology of the abbey of Saint-Victor of Paris on treisiezme des Kalendes de Iuillet, which probably was the date of his death.

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