The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Innocent II (1130-1143)
Consistory celebrated in 1139 (IX)


(49) 1. SAINT-VICTOR, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine, Hugh de (1078/1097-1140/1142)

Birth. 1078/1097, Corvey, manor of Hartingham, Saxony (1). He descended from the family of the counts of Blankenburg in the Harz, Saxony. He was related to Reinhard, bishop of Halberstadt, who founded the monastery of Hamersleben. He is also listed as Hugo de S. Victore, Ugo di San Vittore and Ugone da Sanvittore.

Education. Joined the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine at the monastery of Hamersleben, near Halberstadt, at a young age. Sent abroad by the bishop of Halberstadt, he traveled with his uncle, Archdeacon Hugh of Halberstadt; he first obtained relics of the martyr Victor at Marseilles and then went to Paris.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). In Paris, around 1115, he settled in the newly founded monastery of Saint-Victor. From the mid-1120s until his death, he was the leading master at the school of Saint-Victor. He signed official acts in 1127, 1139, and again between 1133 and 1140. Prior of the monastery of Saint Victor from 1133 until his death. He left the abbey only a very few times, once to visit the papal court of Pope Innocent II, either in France or in Italy.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Frascati in the consistory celebrated in December 1139. Consecrated (no information found). He was the most famous of the theologians before Tommaso d'Aquino, future saint. In his time, he was compared to Saint Augustine.

Death. February 11, 1140 (or 1141 or 1142), at the infirmary at Saint-Victor, Paris. Buried (no information found). His ashes were transported to the chapel of Saint Denys, Paris, in 1335.

Beatification. Ludovicus Donius D'Attichy, Flores Historiæ Sacri Collegii S. R. E. Cardinalivm, In Qva Res Ab Ipsis Septem Saecvlorvm decursu, piè;, aut sanctè gestae, ordine chronologico distinctæ, atque digestæ describuntur. Dedvcta Illarvm Serie Perpetva Per Pontifices Et Creationes, à temporibus S. Leonis Papæ IX. Sive Ab Anno Christi M.XLIX ... Vsqve Ad Postrema Nostra Tempora ... (Lutetiæ Parisiorum : Cramoisy, 1660), says that he is a blessed.

Bibliography. Baron, R. ''Notes biographiques sur Hugues de Saint-Victor.'' Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique, LI (1956), 920-934; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 19-20; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 993-995; Croydon, F. E. ''Notes on the Life of Hugh of St. Victor.'' Journal of Theological Studies, XL (1939), 232-253; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 126; Harkins, Franklin T. Reading and the Work of Restoration: history and Scripture in the theology of Hugh of St Victor. Toronto : Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2009. (Studies and Texts, 167; Mediaeval law and theology, 2); Taylor, L. Jerome. The origin and early life of Hugh of St. Victor; an evaluation of the tradition.. Notre Dame, Ind. : Mediaeval Institute, University of Notre Dame, 1957. (Texts and studies in the history of mediaeval education, no. 5); Zinn, G. A. ; Van Den Eynde, D. "Hugh of Saint-Victor." New Catholic Encyclopedia. 15 vols. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003, VII, 156-159.

Links. Biography, in English (includes his chief works toward the middle of the page); biography, in English (Britannica); biography, in English; his image and biography, in English (Part I, fourth paragraph); his engraving and biography, in English; biography, in English; biography, in English; biography, in German; biography, in Italian; his "Didascalicon" and "Soliloquium de Arrha Animae", in Latin; and his image from an English manuscript of the 13th century.

(1) Some sources say that he was born in Lorraine; and others, in Ypres, Flanders. Some do not mention his cardinalate or his status as a blessed.

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(50) 2. ÉTIENNE, O.Cist. (?-1144)

Birth. (No date found), Châlons, France. He is also listed as Étienne de Châlons.

Education. Entered the Order of the Cistercians at Clairvaux. He was a disciple of Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Palestrina in the consistory celebrated in December 1139. Consecrated (no information found). Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 10, 1140 and May 16, 1143; October 19, 1143 and March 6, 1444; March 15 and 28, 1144. Participated in the papal election of 1143, in which Pope Lucius II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1144, in which Pope Celestine II was elected.

Death. May 17, 1144, with fame of holiness, (no place found). Buried (no information found). There is a praiseful inscription to the cardinal in the Vatican grottoes.

Beatification. Inscribed as a blessed in the Cistercian and Gallican martyrologies.

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 47, no. 48; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 25-26 Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 997-998; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 127-129; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 126; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840 and II, 1 and 7.

Link. Biography, in French, p. 127-129.

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(51) 3. EGMONDO (?-ca. 1145)

Birth. (No date or place found). His name is also listed as Edmondo, Egmundus and Egmund.

Education. (No further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Silvestro e Martino (S. Equitii) in the consistory celebrated in March 1139. Subscribed a papal bull issued on March 31, 1139.

Death. Ca. 1145, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 41, no. 10; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 129; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

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(52) 4. PRESBITERO (?-1140)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Presbyter.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Pudenziana (S. Pastoris) in the consistory celebrated in April 1139. Subscribed a papal bull issued in 1440 in favor of the monastery of S. Salvatore di Viviano.

Death. At the beginning of 1140, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 21; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 995; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 29.

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(53) 5. RABALDO (?-1142)

Birth. (No date found), probably in Piacenza. His name is also listed as Ribaldo, Rambaldo and Ribaud.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral of chapter Piacenza

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Anastasia in a consistory celebrated in 1139 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between May 6, 1140 and September 16, 1141. Legate in Verona in 1140.

Death. May 10, 1142, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 46, no. 45; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 21-23; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 996; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 129 ; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840.

(1) Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 46, no. 45, says that he may be the same as a Ribaldo, deacon of S. Maria in Poertico, who subscribed papal bulls issued between April 22, 1139 and May 25, 1139, and became cardinal priest of S. Anastasia before May 6, 1140. Some sources indicate that he was bishop of Modena (there was a Ribaldo who occupied that see from 1136 until 1148 but who was not a cardinal).

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(54) 6. TOMMASO (?-1141)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1139; his deaconry is not known. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 16, 1140 and February 23, 1141 (1).

Death. After March 3, 1141, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 47, no. 51; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 24-25; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 997; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 131; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 841.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 131; and Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII, I, 841. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 47, no. 51, says that that final date is mistaken and that his last subscription took place on March 3, 1141. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, 997, confuses him with Cardinal Tommaso, priest of S. Vitale (1140).

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(55) 7. RANIERO (?-1140)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Regnier and Rainerius.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1139; his deaconry is not known. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 17 and March 6, 1140.

Death. Shortly after March 6, 1140, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 46, no. 43; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 131; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 841.

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(56) 8. GOIZO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Goizzone (1).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1139; his deaconry is not known. Subscribed papal bulls issued between February 18 and March 9, 1140. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Cecilia. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 3, 1140 and May 14, 1143 (2). Participated in the papal election of 1143, in which Pope Celestine II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1144, in which Pope Lucius II was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1145, in which Pope Eugenius III was elected.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 42, no. 13; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 23; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 996; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 131; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 840 and 841.

(1) He may be the same as Cardinal Goizzone (1138).
(2) This is according to Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII, I, 840. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 42, no. 13, says that he subscibed papal bulls issued betwen March 12, 1140 and April 15, 1144.

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(57) 9. AIMERICO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Haimericus.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated toward 1139; his deaconry is not known. Subscribed a papal bull issued on July 27, 1139.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 131; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 841.

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(58) 10. PRESBITERO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated ca. 1139; his deaconry is not known. Subscribed a papal bull issued on February 26, 1140.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 46, no. 41; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 131; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 841.

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