The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Eugenius III (1145-1153)
Consistory celebrated in 1145 in Viterbo (I)


(1) 1. BERNARDO, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano of Lucca (?-1176)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Bernard; and as Bernardus.

Education. Joined the Canons Regular of S. Frediano of Lucca.

Early life. Ordained (no further information found). Prior of the Lateran monastery, Rome.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Clemente in a consistory celebrated in 1145. Subscribed papal bulls issued between December 31, 1145 and February 5, 1153; February 16 and November 17, 1154; December 19, 1154 and June 26, 1158. Named archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica in 1152. Legate in Germany in 1153 and 1158. Participated in the papal election of 1153, in which Pope Anastasius IV was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1154, in which Pope Adrian IV was elected.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina in December 1158. Consecrated (no information found). Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 29 and July 30, 1159; and October 15, 1159 and June 22, 1176. Participated in the papal election of 1159, in which Pope Alexander III was elected. Accompanied Pope Alexander III in France from April 1162 until September 1165; attended the Council of Dijon together with the legate, Cardinal Ubaldo. Legate in Pavia to obtain the peace with Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa. Returned to Rome.

Death. Before the end of 1176, Rome. Buried in the patriarchal Lateran basilica.

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 53, no. 1; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 60-62; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1042-1043; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 136; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffh ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 20, 89, 102 and 145.

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(2) 2. BOBONE, Giordano (?-1165)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. Of a noble family. Later, the family adopted the last name Orsini. He is also listed as Giordano Orsini.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1145; his deaconry is not known (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between August 18 and December 15, 1145.Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S.Susanna (2) in December 1145. Subscribed papal bulls issued between December 31, 1145 and June 7, 1153; September 8, 1153 and August 23, 1154. Legate of Pope Eugenius III in Germany, before Emperor Konrad III, together with Cardinal Ottaviano of S. Cecilia; having died the emperor, he was succeeded by Friedrich I Barbarossa; Cardinal Giordano annulled the marriage of the new emperor due to the close blood relation with the wife, which was prohibited by canon law, and the monarch was free to contract new nuptials on the return from the legation, he went through France and Normandy; the legate committed such excesses that Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint, wrote to the pope informing the pontiff of the violence used to obtain money; this produced hate and contempt of the people against the cardinal. Participated in the papal election of 1153, in which Pope Anastasius IV was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1154, in which Pope Adrian IV was elected. Did not participate in the papal election of 1159, in which Pope Alexander III was elected. In several occasions he helped the popes control the Roman populace, who, instigated by senators and the heretic Arnaldo da Brescia, became rebellious and revolted. He was an enthusiastic student of antiquity and established a public and rich museum in Rome.

Death. 1165, Rome. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 52, no. 7; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 62-63; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1043-1044; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 136; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffh ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 20, 21, 90.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 136; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 60; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 1041. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 52, no. 7, says that he was a Carthusian monk, created cardinal by Pope Lucius II and papl camerario in the pontificate of Pope Eugenius III.
(2) Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 62, calls this title Ss. Gabinio e Susanna alle Duecase. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1043, calls it Ss. Gabino e Susanna; and Regesta pontificum Romanorum, II, 90, calls it Ss. Susanna e Felicita.

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(3) 3. GUY (?-ca. 1159)

Birth. (No date found), France.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae in a consistory celebrated in 1145 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between October 10, 1145 and June 16, 1153; October 29, 1153 and November 30, 1154; December 19, 1154 and March 18, 1158. Participated in the papal election of 1153, in which Pope Anastasius IV was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1154, in which Pope Adrian IV was elected. Participated in the signing of the peace treaty between Pope Eugenius III and Friedrich, king of the Romans, future emperor. He was lauded by Bernard de Clairvaux, future saint, for his zeal.

Death. Ca. 1159, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 58; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1026; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 136; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffh ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 20, 90 and 103.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 136. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1026; and Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 58, say that he was created cardinal by Pope Lucius II in 1144 and that he died in 1156.

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(4) 4. MARESCOTTI, Raniero (?-1145)

Birth. (No date found), Bologna.

Education. (No information found)

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Sergio e Bacco in a consistory celebrated towards July 1145 (1).

Death. Soon after July 1145, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 58-59; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1026-1027; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 136.

Webgraphy. Biographical data, in Italian; his genealogy (the cardinal is at the center of the bottom row; place the cursor over his image to enlarge it); and the Ruspoli family.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 136. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1023; and Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 58, say that he was created cardinal by Pope Lucius II in 1144.

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(5) 5. CINZIO (?-1148)

Birth. (No date or place found). His name is also listed as Cincius and Cencius.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Sergio e Bacco in a consistory celebrated in 1145. Subscribed papal bulls issued between October 10, 1145 and December 7, 1147.

Death. 1148, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 54, no. 5; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 136; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffh ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 20.

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(6) 6. BERCARCO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found). His name is also listed as Bercharchus.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1145; his deaconry is not known. Subscribed a papal bull issued on March 14, 1145.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffh ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 20.

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(7) 7. GERARDO (?-?)

Birth. (No date found), Namur.

Education. Studied at the abbey of Lobbes, Hainaut.

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Liége.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1145; his deaconry is not known (1). Subscribed papal bulls between March 17, 1145 and August 1, 1152. Participated in the papal election of 1153, in which Pope Anastasius IV was elected.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 53, no. 7; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffh ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 21.

(1) Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 53, no. 7, says that he is probably identical to Cardinal Gerardo Caccianemici (1148/1149)

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(8) 8. GUIDO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1145; his deaconry is not known (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued on March 14, 1145 (2).

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffh ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 21.

(1) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 137, says that he may be Cardinal Gualterio of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae (1148/1149).
(2) This is according to Regesta pontificum Romanorum, II, 21. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 137, says that he subscribed papal bulls issued between March 14 and May 12, 1145.

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