The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Eugenius III (1145-1153)
Consistory celebrated in 1148 or 1149 (III)


(12) 1. GUIDO (?-1150)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Ostia in a consistory celebrated in 1148 or 1149. Consecrated (no information found). Subscribed papal bulls issued between November 6, 1149 and January 30, 1150.

Death. Shortly after January 30, 1150, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 20.

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(13) 2. GIOVANNI (?-1151)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marco in a consistory celebrated after May 1149.

Death. Before March 1151, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137.

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(14) 3. GRECO (?-1149)

Birth. (No date or place found). His name is also listed as Grecus, Greto and Gretus.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Sergio e Bacco in a consistory celebrated in 1148 or 1149. Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 11 and 20, 1149.

Death. August 30, 1149 (?) (1), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 54, no. 8; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 20.

(1) This is according to Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 54, no. 8. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 137, says that he died in 1150.

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(15) 4. CACCIANEMICI, Gerardo (?-1155)

Birth. (No date found), Pisa. Relative of Pope Lucius II. He is also listed as Gerardo only. His first name is also listed as Gherardo; and his last name Gaetani.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Pisa.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata in a consistory celebrated in 1149 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between December 31, 1152 and June 16, 1153; July 23, 1153 and February 14, 1154; February 11 and July 21, 1155. Participated in the papal election of 1153, in which Pope Anastasius IV was elected. Legate in Germany before Emperor Fridriech I Barbarossa in 1154; he fell in desgrace in Magdeburg and had to return to Rome. Participated in the papal election of 1154, in which Pope Adrian IV was elected.

Death. At the end of 1155, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 54, no. 7; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 67-68; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1045; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 20, 90 and 103.

(1) Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 54, no. 7, says that he is probably identical to Cardinal Gerardo (1145)

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(16) 5. GALFROY (?-ca. 1175)

Birth. (No date found), Cambria, England. Descendant of Robert, son of King Henry I of England. He is also listed as Galfridus Monumethensis (1); Galfrido, Geoffray, Arturio and Arthur (either because it was his father's name or because he wrote numerous works about King Arthur (2)).

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Archdeacon of Mommouth.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in a consistory celebrated in 1149; his deaconry is not known.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of St. Asaph (no date found); occupied the see until 1154. Consecrated on February 24, 1152 (3). He did not subscribe any papal bulls or participate in any of the conclaves celebrated during his cardinalate.

Death. Ca. 1175, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 68-69; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1045-1046; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. 180.

(1) These are the titles of some of his works taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 1045-1046: In fragmentum Gildæ; De Corpore & Sanguine Domini; Vitam Merlini Calcedonij; Commentarios in Merlinorum Prophetias; Arthuri Rehis gesta; Ad Gualterum Oxoniensem; Diversi generis Carmina; De exilio ecclesiasticorum; Prædictiones Ambrosij Merlini; and Historiam Guillelmus Paruns Nonoburgensis, & Polydorus Virgilius. He also translated into Latin Sermonem Britannorum Historiarum, in eight volumes, which were lost in 1170.
(2) This is according to Robert Folkestone Williams, Lives of the English cardinals, including historical notices of the papal court, from Nicholas Breakspear (Pope Adrian IV) to Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal Legate (2 vols. Westmead, England : Gregg International, 1969. Responsibility: London, Wm. H. Allen & Co., 1868), I, 201, who mentions him him among the doubtful cardinals and indicates that he is said to have flourished in the first quarter of the 12th century; none of the other works on the English cardinals that were consulted mentioned him at all.
(3) This is according to Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae, p. 180, who does not mention that he was a cardinal. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 68; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 1045, also say that he was bishop of St. Asaph.

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(17) 6. GUALTERIO (?-ca. 1155)

Birth. (No date or place found). His name is also listed as Gautier.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae in a consistory celebrated in 1149 (1).

Death. Ca. 1155, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 137.

(1) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle", Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 137, says that he may be the same as Cardinal Guido (1145).

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