The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Alexander III (1159-1181)
Consistory of 1164 (II)
Celebrated in Sens


(6) 1. PIERLEONI, Can. Reg. of St. Victor, Ugo (?-1167)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. Son of Ugo Pierleoni, who was the son of Pietro Leoni. Nephew of Antipope Anacletus II. Uncle of Cardinal Ugo Pierleoni, Can. Reg. of St. Victor (1171).

Education. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Piacenza at the beginning of 1155; on January 9, 1155, Pope Adrian IV wrote to the clergy and people of the diocese announcing the election of the new bishop; he entered his diocese on May 1, 1155; he retained the see until his death (1). Consecrated by Pope Adrian IV at the beginning of 1155. He remained loyal to Pope Alexander III when the schism of 1159 erupted with the election of Antipope Victor IV in spite of the pressure exercised by the imperial faction, for which he had to abandon his diocese. He then joined the Canons Regular of Saint-Victor of Paris.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Frascati in the consistory of 1164 (2). Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 18, 1166 and April 8, 1167.

Death. April 30, 1167 (3), Rome. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 62, no. 9; Campi, Pietro Maria. Dell'historia ecclesiastica di Piacenza. 3 vols. Piacenza : Per G. Bazachi, 1651-1662, II, 6-23; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 106-107; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1085-1086; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 144, no. 6; Tillmann, Helen. "Ricerche sull'origine dei membri del collegio cardinalizio nel XII secolo, 11/2". Rivista di storia della Chiesa in Italia, XXIX (1975), 369.

Links. Biography, in Italian; biographical information, in French, p. 6-23; biographical data, in Italian, p. 6-8; his engraving by Giuseppe Bacchini (18th century), Biblioteca Passerini Landi, Piacenza, Italy; his engraving, Biblioteca Panizzi, Reggio Emilia, Italy; and his genealogy.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 144; Tillmann, "Ricerche sull'origine dei membri del collegio cardinalizio nel XII secolo, 11/2". Rivista di storia della Chiesa in Italia, 369, says that he had to abandon the diocese by the pressure of the imperial faction and resigned it.
(2) This is according to Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 106; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, 1085; and "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 144; Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 62, no. 9, says that he was created cardinal no later than March 18, 1166; Tillmann, "Ricerche sull'origine dei membri del collegio cardinalizio nel XII secolo, 11/2". Rivista di storia della Chiesa in Italia, 369, says that he was created cardinal in 1166 because his first subscription of a papal bull is dated March 18, 1166.
(3) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 144; Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 62, no. 9, says that he died on April 21, 1166; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 106, says that he died in 1166; Tillmann, "Ricerche sull'origine dei membri del collegio cardinalizio nel XII secolo, 11/2". Rivista di storia della Chiesa in Italia, 369, says that he probably died some weeks after his promotion to the cardinalate.

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(7) 2. OTTONE (?-before 1176)

Birth. (No date or place found). His name is also listed as Ugo.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Palestrina in the consistory of 1164. Consecrated (no information found). No subscriptions of papal bulls by him have been found.

Death. Before 1176, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 107; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 144, no. 7.

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(8) 3. BENEREDE, O.S.B. (?-1180)

Birth. (No date found), France. Son of Elinus and Odelina. His name is also listed as Bernier, Bernere, Bernered, Beneredo, Beneredus, Berneredo, and Bernardo.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Monk at the monastery of St-Crépin-le-Grand, Soissons; elected its abbot in 1164.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of 1164; his deaconry is unknown. Participated in the Third Lateran Council celebrated in Rome in 1179.

Episcopate. Named bishop of the suburbicarian see of Palestrina in 1179. Consecrated (no information found). Subscribed papal bulls issued between May 4, 1179 and July 11, 1180.

Death. Shortly after July 11, 1180, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Beatification. He is considered a blessed (1).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 60, no. 3; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 107-108; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1086-1087; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 144-149; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 144, no. 8.

Link. Biography, in French, p. 144-149.

(1) According "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 144, he is called blessed by Ludovicus Donius D'Attichy in his work Flores Historiæ Sacri Collegii S. R. E. Cardinalivm, In Qva Res Ab Ipsis Septem Saecvlorvm decursu, pih, aut sanctè gestae, ordine chronologico distinctæ, atque digestæ describuntur. Dedvcta Illarvm Serie Perpetva Per Pontifices Et Creationes, à temporibus S. Leonis Papæ IX. Sive Ab Anno Christi M.XLIX ... Vsqve Ad Postrema Nostra Tempora ... (Lutetiæ Parisiorum : Cramoisy, 1660).

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(9) 4. ATTI, O.S.B., Teodino degli (?-1186)

Birth. (No date found), Arrone, province of Perugia, district of Terni (1).

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) in Mantua.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Vitale in the consistory of 1164 (2). Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 16, 1166 and April 25, 1179.

Episcopate. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina before May 4, 1179. Consecrated (no information found). Subscribed papal bulls issued between May 4, 1179 and May 24, 1181; November 5, 1181 and November 11, 1185; December 9, 1185 and March 13, 1186. Legate of Pope Alexander III in England to absolve King Henry II of the murder of Thomas Becket, archbishop of Canterbury, which had been confirmed during the Council of Avranches in 1172. He was one of the seven cardinals who were present at the abjuration of Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa in Venice in 1177. Participated in the papal election of 1181, in which Pope Lucius III was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1185, in which Pope Urban III was elected. He participated in the Council of Verona, where he died during its celebration.

Death. Mid-1186, Verona. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912., p. 66, no. 30; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 112-113; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1088-1089; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 144, no. 9.

Link. Abati di Montecassino, in Italian (the cardinal is no. 48).

(1) This is according to Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 66, no. 30; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, 1088; and "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 144, says that he was born in Norcia.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 144; Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 66, no. 30, says that he named cardinal priest of St. Vestinae no later than March 18, 1166.

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(10) 5. GAETANI, Pietro (?-1165)

Birth. (No date found), Pisa.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Bologna.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro in the consistory of 1164.

Death. Ca. 1165, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 113-114; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1089-1090; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 144, no. 10.

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(11) 6. VITELLIO, O.S.B. (?-1175)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines).

Priesthood. Ordained (no information found). Elected abbot.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Sergio e Bacco in the consistory of 1164. Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 18, 1166 and July 5, 1175.

Death. Shortly after July 5, 1175 (1), Monte Cassino. Probably buried in Monte Cassino.

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 66, no. 31; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 114; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1090; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 144, no. 11.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 144; Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 66, no. 31, says that he died on June 19, 1176 (with a ?) based on the Necrologia Cassinese, Muratori SS. VII, 944 B, which indicates that he died on 13 Kalendas Julii. Brixius also says that the cardinal subscribed a papal bull for the last ime on July 5, 1175, which contradicts the date of death that he gave.

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(12) 7. GIROLAMO, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano of Lucca (?-before 1177)

Birth. (No date found), Lucca.

Education. Joined the Canons Regular di S. Frediano di Lucca. He had the title of magister.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria Nuova in the consistory of 1164 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 16, 1166 and May 24, 1167.

Death. Before 1177 (2), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 62, no. 8; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 115; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1090; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 144, no. 12.

(1) The Canons Regular of S. Frediano were in charge of the Roman church of S. Maria Nuova.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 155; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 115, says that he died in 1178.

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(13) 8. EGUILLINO (?-before 1182)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of 1164 (?); his deaconry is unknown. Subscribed a papal bull issued in Montpellier in 1164 in favor of Pietro, abbot of Bonifonte (1). Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli after 1176.

Death. Before 1182, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 92; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 99; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 144, no. 13; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, XXI, 141.

(1) Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 92; and Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni, XXI, 141, say that his signature in that papal bull could be an error made by the amanuensis, who should have written the name of Cardinal Guglielmo Matengo, O.Cist. (1155).

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