The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Alexander III (1159-1181)
Consistory of March 7, 1175 (VII)


(39) 1. VIBIANO (?-1185)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Vibiano Tommasi.

Education. He was called il Maestro.

Early life. Archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Orvieto. Advocate in the papal curia, ca. 1169; he was a dignified jurist.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano in the consistory of March 7, 1175. Subscribed papal bulls issued between May 5 and August 25, 1175. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio, September 19, 1175. Subscribed papal bulls issued between November 15, 1175 and May 7, 1184. Legate of Pope Alexander III, along with Cardinal Graziano, in Scotland and Ireland, where he presided over the Council of Cashel; he named the first bishop of that kingdom. Participated in the papal election of 1181, in which Pope Lucius III was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1185, in which Pope Urban III was elected.

Death. After November 1185, Rome. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 66-67, no. 32; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 116-118; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. ; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 146.

Cool Archive

(40) 2. GERARDO (?-ca. 1178)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano (?) in the consistory of March 7, 1175 (1).

Death. Ca. 1178, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 98-99; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1070; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 146-147.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 146; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 96; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, I, col. 1070, say that he was created cardinal by Pope Adrian IV in 1159.

Note. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 146, lists a Cardinal Vibiano, created in 1175 deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano, dead ca. 1178, indicating that it may be a confusion with the Cardinal Vibiano mentioned above as the first creation of this consistory.

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