The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Alexander III (1159-1181)
Consistory of September 22, 1178 (X)


(49) 1. ARDOINO, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano of Lucca (?-ca. 1184)

Birth. (No date found), Piacenza. He is also listed as Ardoino da Picenza.

Education. Joined the Canons Regular of S. Frediano of Lucca.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Canon of the church of S. Antonio in Piacenza. Archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Picenza.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme in the consistory of September 22, 1178 (1). Subscribed papal bulls issued between October 1, 1178 and August 15, 1181; and November 5, 1181 and January 8, 1183. Participated in the papal election of 1181, in which Pope Lucius III was elected. He wrote the work De Deo immortali.

Death. Ca. 1184 (2), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 60, no. 1; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 125-126; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1095-1096; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 147.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 147; Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 60, no. 1, indicates that he was created cardinal deacon of S. Mariae in Via Lata on July 4, 1178 and on September 6, 1178 became cardinal priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 147; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 126, says that he died at the beginning of 1182.

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(50) 2. GIOVANNI (?-end 1181 or beginning 1182)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria in the consistory of September 22 (or October), 1178. Subscribed papal bulls issued between October 30, 1178 and July 28, 1181. Participated in the papal election of 1181, in which Pope Lucius III was elected. Legate in Constantinople before the Greek schismatics; impeded in his mission, he returned to Rome; as a result of ill-treatment received, he soon died.

Death. At the end of 1181 or beginning of 1182, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Beatification. He is called blessed and a martyr by Ludovicus Donius D'Attichy in his work Flores Historiæ Sacri Collegii S. R. E. Cardinalivm, In Qva Res Ab Ipsis Septem Saecvlorvm decursu, pih, aut sanctè gestae, ordine chronologico distinctæ, atque digestæ describuntur. Dedvcta Illarvm Serie Perpetva Per Pontifices Et Creationes, à temporibus S. Leonis Papæ IX. Sive Ab Anno Christi M.XLIX ... Vsqve Ad Postrema Nostra Tempora ... (Lutetiæ Parisiorum : Cramoisy, 1660).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, ; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1096; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 147.

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(51) 3. BERNARDO (?-1181)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano in the consistory of September 22, 1178. Subscribed papal bulls issued between October 24, 1178 and July 27, 1179. Participated in the papal election of 1181, in which Pope Lucius III was elected.

Death. At the end of 1181, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 128; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1097; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 147.

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(52) 4. RAINIER (?-1182)

Birth. (No date found), probably in France. He was called le maigre and le grand.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Adriano in the consistory of September 22, 1178. Subscribed papal bulls issued between November 2, 1178 and April 12, 1181; November 5, 1181 and July 14, 1182. Participated in the papal election of 1181, in which Pope Lucius III was elected. He was present at the absolution of King William of Scotland given by Pope Lucius at the Lateran palace.

Death. August 1182 (1), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181. Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912, p. 66, no. 28; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 128; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1097; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 147.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 147; Brixius, Johannes Matthias. Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, p. 66, no. 28, says that he died in the last half of 1182, before December 17.

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(53) 5. PAOLO (?-ca. 1181)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Sergio e Bacco in the consistory of September 22, 1178. Subscribed papal bulls issued between October 17, 1179 and February 22, 1180.

Death. Ca. 1181, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 147.

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(54) 6. EUTICHIO (?-1178?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Adriano in the consistory of September 22, 1178.

Death. 1178?, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 142; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 147-148.

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