(9) 1. MASCA, Pandolfo (1101-1201)
Birth. 1101 (?), Lucca (1). He is also listed as Pandolfo Masca da Pisa; and his first name as Padolfo.
Education. He obtained the title of magister.
Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Lucca from 1171.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. XII Apostoli in the consistory of December 1182. Subscribed papal bulls issued between January 4, 1183 and November 11, 1185. Participated in the papal election of 1185, in which Pope Urban III was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between December 9, 1185 and July 19, 1187. Participated in the first papal election of 1187, in which Pope Gregory VIII was elected. Participated in the second papal election of 1187, in which Pope Clement III was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued betwen April 5, 1188 and February 17, 1191. Participated in the papal election of 1191, in which Pope Celestine III was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between May 2, 1191 and November 11, 1200. Legate in Genoa in the spring of 1196 to obtain the peace with the warring Pisa. He was present at the canonization of Giovanni Gualberto in October 1193. In February 1197, Heinrich VI von Türent requested the pope to send Cardinals Ottaviano di Ostia, Pietro of S. Cecilia, and Pandolfo Masca as legates into his kingdom to settle the ecclesiastical disputes; the legation was not reached, especially as Cardinal Pandolfo, since the beginning of March 1197, was in Tuscany as apostolic legate to prepare the municipalities against the German domination. Participated in the papal election of 1198, in which Pope Innocent III was elected. Legate in Tuscany again; he returned to the Curia in 1199 and acted as auditor several times. Cardinal protoprete in 1200. He wrote a "Lives of the Popes" from Saint Peter to Innocent III. He returned to Lucca after 1201 and remained there until his death.
Death. 1201 (2), Lucca, at an advanced age. Buried in Lucca.
Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 143-144; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1114-1115; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 152; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 3, note 1, no. 5; Kartusch, Elfriede. Das Kardinalskollegium in der Zeit von 1181-1227 ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Kardinalates im Mittelalter. Dissertation: Thesis (doctoral)--Universität Wien, 1948, p. 307-310; Maleczek, Werner. Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216 : die Kardinäle unter Coelestin III. und Innocenz III. Wien : Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1984. (Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom. I. Abteilung, Abhandlungen ; 6. Bd.; Variation: Publikationen des Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom.; 1. Abteilung ; Abhandlungen ; 6. Bd), p. 79-80.
Links. Biography, in English.
(1) This is according to Maleczek, Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216, p. 79 and 80; his biography, linked above; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 143; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1114; and "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 152, say that he was born in Pisa and adds that other sources indicate that he was born in Lucca.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 152; Maleczek, Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216, p. 79 and 80, says that he died after 1210.
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