The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Lucius III (1181-1185)
Consistory of March 6, 1185 (V)


(10) 1. MELIOR (?-1197/1198)

Birth. (No date found), Pisa (1). He had solid relations with France. He is also listed as Meilleur, Meliore and Migliore. He was called called le Maître.

Education. He obtained the title of magister.

Early life. Archdeacon of Laon; and then in the church of Reims, where he testified in 1174, 1176 and 1180. Camerario of the Holy Roman Church around 1184; he kept the post until 1194.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo in the consistory of March 6, 1185. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 4 and November 11, 1185; December 16, 1185 and October 13, 1187; October 31 and December 12, 1187; December 23, 1187 and July 18, 1188; December 27, 1191 and February 1, 1197. He remained in the papal curia most of the time until the pontificate of Pope Celestine III. In the first years of his cardinalate, he had the monks of Canterbury repeteadly requesting his assistance. Participated in the papal election of 1185, in which Pope Urban III was elected. Participated in the first papal election of 1187, in which Pope Gregory VIII was elected. Participated in the second papal election of 1187, in which Pope Clement III was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1191, in which Pope Celestine III was elected. Legate in France before King Philip Augustus, along with Cardinal Cencio, to try to stop the recently initiated war with King Richard I Lionhearted of England; the English monarch was in a weak porisition after his release from captivity and King Philip Augustus took the opportunity to attack Normandy; another charge that the legates had was to try to solve the matrimonial cause of the king of France and Queen Ingeborg of Denmark, whom the king repudiated and refused to allow to be crowned. In June 1193, he accompanied Queen Berengaria of England, wife of King Richard I, to Marseille and handed her over to the custody of the king of Aragón, while her husband was in captivity. In the summer of 1193, in central France, the legate occupied himself with purely ecclesiastical matters: in October / November, he was in Chartres; in the following months, he was in the diocese of Troyes; in June, 1194 he was back in Chartres, where he witnessed the great fire of the cathedral; shortly afterwards, on June 23, 1194, he was present at a brief ceasefire between the two kings; in July 1195, Cardinal Melior was in Autun; he had to go Burgundy, by instructions from the pope, concerning the matrimonial affair of King Phillip II, to receive the Danish envoy; the legate independently investigated the issue and then traveled back to the curia; his report to Pope Celestine III won the conviction that the action of the Danish king concerning the arbitrary divorce of the French king was justified; at the beginning of 1196, the pope next sent Cardinal Cencius to King Phillip II, without success; despite the explicit ban of a new marriage, in June 1996, the king married Agnes von Andechs-Meranien. In the spring of 1197, Pope Celestine III sent Cardinal Melior back to France; he met with Cardinal Cencius, who had remained the whole time in the kingdom, and they immediately delivered King Philip II the papal warnings and threats; even after the rigorous papal warning, the king took no action; on April 22, 1197, the legate convoked a council in Paris; Cardinal Melior seems to have been committed to the French king because he excommunicated Baldwin de Flanders and imposed an interdict on his lands; in July 1197, the French king had called for the feud. He often got the office of auditor in the curial Court of First Instance.

Death. After July 1197 and before May 17, 1198 (2), probably in France. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 151-152; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1118-1119; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 175-178; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 152; Kartusch, Elfriede. Das Kardinalskollegium in der Zeit von 1181-1227 ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Kardinalates im Mittelalter. Dissertation: Thesis (doctoral)--Universität Wien, 1948, p. 280-284; Maleczek, Werner. Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216 : die Kardinäle unter Coelestin III. und Innocenz III. Wien : Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1984. (Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom. I. Abteilung, Abhandlungen ; 6. Bd.; Variation: Publikationen des Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom.; 1. Abteilung ; Abhandlungen ; 6. Bd), p. 83-85.

Link. Biography, in French, p. 175-178.

(1) This is according to Maleczek, Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216, p. 83; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 151; Du Chesne, Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois, 175; and "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 152, indicate that he was from France.
(2) In a document of that date, he is referred to as of bone memorie.

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(11) 2. CATTANEO, Adelardo (?-1225)

Birth. (No date found), Lendinara, diocese of Verona. His first name is also listed as Alardo.

Education. (No information found). He composed literary works.

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Verona.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marcello in the consistory of March 6, 1185. Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 23 and November 11, 1185. Participated in the papal election of 1185, in which Pope Urban III was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between December 9, 1185 and October 13, 1187. Participated in the first papal election of 1187, in which Pope Gregory VIII was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued between October 31 and November 11, 1187. Participated in the second papal election of 1187, in which Pope Clement III was elected. Subscribed papal bulls issued on October 28 and 29, 1188.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Verona in 1188; occupied the see until 1212. Consecrated (no information found). After his election to the see of Verona, he dismissed the title of S. Marcello and took the title cardinalis sancte Romane ecclesie. Participated in the papal election of 1191, in which Pope Celestine III was elected. Participated in the papal election of 1198, in which Pope Innocent III was elected. Resigned the see of Verona in 1214. Did not participate in the papal election of 1216, in which Pope Honorius III was elected.

Death. August 24, 1225, Verona. Buried in the basilica of S. Zeno Maggiore, Verona; his remains were exhumed in 1642 and transferred to a new tomb in that same basilica (1).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 152-153; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1119-1120; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 152; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 3, note 1, no. 6; Kartusch, Elfriede. Das Kardinalskollegium in der Zeit von 1181-1227 ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Kardinalates im Mittelalter. Dissertation: Thesis (doctoral)--Universität Wien, 1948, p. 63-67; Maleczek, Werner. Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216 : die Kardinäle unter Coelestin III. und Innocenz III. Wien : Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1984. (Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom. I. Abteilung, Abhandlungen ; 6. Bd.; Variation: Publikationen des Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom.; 1. Abteilung ; Abhandlungen ; 6. Bd), p. 68.

(1) This is the inscription in his tomb, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1119:

ANNO DOMINI MCCXXV. DIE XXIV EXEVNTE
AVGVSTO ADELARDVS QVONDAM EPISCOPVS
VERONIENSIS, ET CARDINALIS.

Links. Biography, in English.

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(12) 3. RANIERO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found). He was called il Piccolo.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of in the consistory of March 6, 1185; his title is unknown (1). Did not participare in the first papal election of 1187, in which Pope Gregory VIII was elected. Did not participare in the second papal election of 1187, in which Pope Clement III was elected.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 155; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1121; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 153.

(1) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 153, says that perhaps he is Cardinal Raniero, priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo, created by Pope Alexander III in 1173; or Cardinal Raniero, deacon of S. Adriano, created by the same pope in 1178.

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(13) 4. PALTINIERI, Simeone (?-1200)

Birth. (No date found), Padua.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 6, 1185; his title is unknown. Did not participate in the papal election of 1185, in which Pope Urban III was elected. Did not participate in the first papal election of 1187, in which Pope Gregory VIII was elected. Did not participate in the second papal election of 1187, in which Pope Clement III was elected. Did not participate in the papal election of 1191, in which Pope Celestine III was elected. Did not participate in the papal election of 1198, in which Pope Innocent III was elected. He had a swan in his coat of arms and when he was promoted to the cardinalate, he changed it for a fish (pike), in Italian luccio, in allusion to Pope Lucius III, his benefactor; jokingly, he was called the "Cardinal of the Fish".

Death. 1200, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 155; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1122; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 153.

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(14) 5. GIOVANNI (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 6, 1185; his title is unknown. Did not participate in the papal election of 1185, in which Pope Urban III was elected. Received the title of S. Marco in 1186 (1). Did not participate in the first papal election of 1187, in which Pope Gregory VIII was elected. Did not participate in the second papal election of 1187, in which Pope Clement III was elected.

Death. Died either in the pontificate of Pope Urban III or of Pope Clement III. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 155-156; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1122; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 153.

(1) He probably is the same as Cardinal Giovanni Conti (1158).

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(15) 6. ROLANDO, O.S.B. (?-1188)

Birth. (No date found), Pisa (1). His name is also listed as Rolland.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Bendictines).

Early life. Abbot of Bourgdieu, Berry. Dean of the cathedral chapter of Avranches.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Dol, Bretagne, in 1177, by unanimous decision of its cathedral chapter; took possession of the see in 1182. He was consecrated after his election in the presence of Henri, bishop of Bayeux; Richard, bishop of Avranches; Robert de Torigny, abbot of Mont Saint-Michel, and nunerous people distinguished by their piety (2). He went to Rome and asked the pope for an inquest of the rights of the see of Toul and Dol; Pope Lucius III ruled in his favor.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae in the consistory of March 6, 1185 (3); he kept his see after the promotion to the cardinalate. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 20 and November 11, 1185; and December 10, 1185 and July 19, 1187. Legate in Scotland to put an end to religious differences between King William and John, bishop of Saint Andrews. Legate in Cisalpine Gaul, together with Cardinal Soffredo Errico Gaetani. Participated in the papal election of 1185, in which Pope Urban III was elected. Participated in the first papal election of 1187, in which Pope Gregory VIII was elected. Participated in the second papal election of 1187, in which Pope Clement III was elected. He stayed for some time in Verona.

Death. March 4, 1188, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 153; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1120; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 217; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 179-180; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 152; Guillotin de Corson, Amédée. Pouillé historique de l'archevêché de Rennes. 6 vols. Rennes : Fougeray, 1880-1886, I, 403.

Links. Biography by François Duchesne, Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois de naissance : ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat, in French, Paris, 1660, p. 179-180, Gallica, Bibliothèque Nationale de France; biographical entry by Amédée Guillotin de Corson, Pouillé historique de l'archevêché de Rennes, Fougeray (Rennes), 1880-1886, I, 403, under " XXX. Rolland II.", Gallica, Bibliothèque Nationale de France.

(1) This is according to Guillotin de Corson, Pouillé historique de l'archevêché de Rennes, I, 403. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 152, says that he was born in France. Duchesne, Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois, II, 1180, says that all the writers consider him a Frenchman but that neither his family or the province where he was born are known.
(2) This is according to Duchesne, Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois, II, 1180. Guillotin de Corson, Pouillé historique de l'archevêché de Rennes, I, 403, says that he was consecrated in Rome by Pope Lucius III in 1184; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 152, also says that he was consecrated in 1184.
(3) Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa, p. 217, says that he opted for the title of S. Anastasia before 1186, but does nost list him among the occupants of that title. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 152, says that Cristofori is mistaken concerning that option.

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(16) 7. DIANA, Pietro (?-1208)

Birth. (No date found), Piacenza. He is also listed as Pietro da Piacenza; and his last name as Gana and as Piacentino.

Education. He obtained the title of magister.

Early life. Provost of S. Antonino, Piacenza. Apostolic subdeacon.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano in the consistory of March 6, 1185. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 20 and November 11, 1185; December 9, 1185 and October 13, 1187; October 31 and December 11, 1187; December 23, 1187 and March 17, 1188. Participated in the papal election of 1185, in which Pope Urban III was elected. Participated in the first papal election of 1187, in which Pope Gregory VIII was elected. Participated in the second papal election of 1187, in which Pope Clement III was elected. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Cecilia in March 1188. Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 18, 1188 and December 9, 1190; May 2, 1191 and December 3, 1197; March 13, 1198 and July 23, 1208 (1). Shortly after his promotion to cardinal priest in 1188, he was named, along with Cardinal Soffredo of S. Prassede, legate to promote the peace between Genoa and Pisa; they were successful in their mission; on July 7, 1188, the legates went to Lucca and then went to Genoa, settling several purely religious matters; from the end of 1188 until the spring of 1189, the two legats worked in northern Italy, particularly in the settlement of incessant conflicts between the Lombard municipalities. While Cardinal Soffredo returned to the papal curia, Cardinal Diana continued his work as legat in northern Italy until the end of the year 1190. After a brief visit to Rome, he traveled again to Lombardy, visiting Milan, Piacenza, Padua, Parma, Verona and Mantua; the legation lasted until May 1193. Participated in the papal election of 1191, in which Pope Celestine III was elected. On April 14, 1191, he received facultas testandi to prepare his will; it is the oldest document of the kind to have survived. Cardinal Diana had gained the good will of Emperor Heinrich VI and Pope Celestine III sent him in 1195, together with Cardinal Graziano of Ss. Cosma e Damiano, to negotiate the crusade with the emperor; the emperor asked for the nomination of Cardinals Diana and Giovanni of S. Stefano in Monte Celio as legates for the crusade in Germany; from the fall of 1195 until the first weeks of the year 1196, alone and together, the legates preached the crusade with great success; while Cardinal Giovanni returned to Rome, Cardinal Diana stayed the following months at the court of the emperor and accompanied him on his trip to Italy; the cardinal conducted long negotiations between the pope and the emperor; in October 1196, he returned to the papal curia. In November 1196, because of the trust of Emperor Heinrich VI for Cardinal Diana, Pope Celestine III sent him, together with Cardinals Cencio, the camerario, and Ottaviano of Ostia, to Tivoli, where the emperor was; they brought proposals to him, which he probably declined. Participated in the papal election of 1198, in which Pope Innocent III was elected. In the fall of 1198, the pope named him and Cardinal Graziano of Ss. Cosma e Damiano legates to Pisa and Genoa, for the preparations of the crusade and to promote the peace between those warring cities.

Death. 1208, Rome. Buried in his title of S. Cecilia.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, ; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1120-1121; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 152-153: Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 3, note 1, no. 4; Maleczek, Werner Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216 : die Kardinäle unter Coelestin III. und Innocenz III. Wien : Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1984. (Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom. I. Abteilung, Abhandlungen ; 6. Bd.; Variation: Publikationen des Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom.; 1. Abteilung ; Abhandlungen ; 6. Bd), p. 83-85; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. I testamenti dei cardinali del Duecento. Roma : Presso la Società, 1980. (Miscellanea della Società romana di storia patria ; 25), p. 3.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 152; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi, I, p. 3, note 1, no. 4; and Paravicini, I testamenti dei cardinali del Duecento, p. 3; Maleczek, Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216, p. 86, says that he subscribed for the last time on November 2, 1206 and that he died soon after.

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(17) 8. NIGELLI, Ridolfo (?-1189)

Birth. (No date found), Pisa. His first name is also listed as Rodolfo, Radulfo, Radulfus and Raoul.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro in the consistory of March 6, 1185. Subscribed papal bulls issued between April 20 and November 11, 1185; December 9, 1185 and October 13, 1187; October 31 and December 11, 1187; December 23, 1187 and March 17, 1188. Accompanied Pope Lucius III to Verona in July 1184. Participated in the papal election of 1185, in which Pope Urban III was elected. Accompanied Pope Urban III to Ferrara in October 1187; and to Pisa the following December. Participated in the first papal election of 1187, in which Pope Gregory VIII was elected. Participated in the second papal election of 1187, in which Pope Clement III was elected. Accompanied Pope Clement III to Rome in February 1188. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Prassede in 1188. Subscribed papal bulls issued between March 16 (?) and December 1188.

Death. 1189, Rome. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 154-155; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, I, col. 1121; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928, p. 153; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, II, 431, 493, 528, and 536.

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