The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Innocent III (1198-1216)
Consistory of 1216 (X)


(35) 1. THEODOLI, Gregorio (?-1227)

Birth. (No date found), Forlì. His last name is also listed as Teodoli and as de Gualgagno.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Anastasia in the consistory celebrated at the beginning of 1216 (1). Subscribed the papal bulls issued between March 7 and April 13, 1216; and October 11, 1216 and May 23, 1224. Participated in the papal election of 1216, in which was elected Pope Honorius III. Legate in Ravenna to judge a cause between the city of Ravenna and the church of S. Lorenzo in Lucina on one side and the rector of the parish of S. Salvatore delle Copelle on the other. Participated in the papal election of 1227, in which was elected Pope Gregory IX. Legate in Campania; died during this legation.

Death. 1227, Anagni. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 215-216; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 33; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 114; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 4 and 39; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19), I, 13.

Link. His engraving.

(1) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, 1929, p. 114, indicates that he was created cardinal at the beginning of 1216.

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(36) 2. CAPOCCI, O.Cist., Raniero (ca. 1180/1190-1250)

Birth. Ca. 1180/1190, Viterbo. He is also listed as Raynerius de Viterbio; and his first name as Rainiero; as Rainerius; as Ranerius; and as Reinerius; and his last name as Capoccius.

Education. Entered the order of the Cistercians in the monastery of Ss. Vincenzo ed Anastasio alle Tre Fontane, near Rome.

Early life. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of Ss. Vincenzo ed Anastasio alle Tre Fontane. Entered the chancery of the Roman Curia in 1215 and became papal notary. Received the title of magister. He was a close friend of Domingo de Guzmán, founder of the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) and supported the order in Rome.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin in the consistory celebrated at the beginning of 1216. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between March 7 and April 13, 1216; August 12, 1216 and May 9, 1226; May 7, 1227 and May 29, 1240; January 1 and May 7, 1244. Participated in the papal election of 1216, in which was elected Pope Honorius III. Legate in the province of the Patrimony; reestablished the order in Viterbo, fortified the city and became its governor. Participated in the papal election of 1227, in which was elected Pope Gregory IX. Cardinal protodeacon from 1231. Legate in the Papal States and the duchy of Spoleto; restored the obedience of the cities of Montefiascone, Toscanella and Fara Sabina. Possibly had the commendam of the deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano in 1239. Participated in the papal election of 1241, in which was elected Pope Celestine IV. Participated in the papal election of 1241-1243, in which was elected Pope Innocent IV; as cardinal protodeacon, he crowned the new pope.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Viterbo in 1243; resigned the see in 1244. Consecrated (no information found). Returned to Rome as vicar of the pope for the city. Legate in Sicily in 1246 with Cardinal Stefano Normandis. He built in Viterbo the church of S. Maria ad Gradus; it was consecrated by Pope Alexander IV in 1258 and given to the Dominican friars. Rector of the Patrimony of S. Pietro.

Death. Before June 22, 1250 (1), Viterbo. Buried before the main altar of the church of S. Maria dei Gradi, Viterbo (2).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 216-219; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 34-35; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 114; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 4, 51 and 532; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19), I, 15.

Links. Biography by Norbert Kamp, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 18 (1975), Treccani; Raniero Capocci, l'irriducibile nemico di Federico II, by Carlo Fornari, in Italian, Rivista della Biblioteca Consorziale di Viterbo, 2001, no. 3-4; his portrait by Carlo Saraceni, 16th/17th century, Coll. Longhi, Florence, Scala Archives; his portrait, Italian Shop, (1753), museum of the diocese of Viterbo, Beni Ecclesiastici in Web (Beweb); his engraving, arms and portrait, Araldica Vaticana; and The Capocci family, in Danish, Annas Rom Guide.

(1) This is according to Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254, I, 15, which says that Pope Innocent IV in a letter of that date refers to the cardinal as of bone memorie; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 114, says thate he died on May 27, 1252; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 218, says that he died in 1252; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 34, says that he died VI. Kalendas Iunij anno 1250 vel 1252 according to the the ancient calendar of the Cistercian monastery of S. Cerbonio, diocese of Lucca; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, II, 51, says that he died before June 22, 1250.
(2) This is the inscription placed next to the main altar, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 35:

RAYNERIO CAPOCCIO VITERBIENSI
TIT. S. MARIAE IN COSMEDIN
DIACONO CARDINALI
AEDIS HVIVS COELITVS DEMONSTRATAE
RELIGIOSISSIMO FVNDATORI
FAMILIAEQVAE PRAEDICATORVM
PIISIMO LARGITORI
FRATRES AD BENEFICII MEMORIAM
SEMPITERNAM AMPLISSIMO BENEFACTORI
MERITO ANTE DIGNIOREM ARAM
CONDITO NVNCVPATO.

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(37) 3. BONAVENTURA, Romano (?-1243)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. He is also listed as Romano Papareschi.

Education. Studied law.

Early life. He was a renowned jurisconsult.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria in the consistory celebrated at the beginning of 1216. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between March 7 to April 13, 1216; August 12, 1216 and February 4, 1225; February 22, 1228 and January 3, 1235; June 8, 1236 and May 29, 1240. Participated in the papal election of 1216, in which was elected Pope Honorius III. Archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian basilica in 1220. Legate in France against the Albigenses in 1222; participated in the councils of Paris and Bourges. Participated in the papal election of 1227, in which was elected Pope Gregory IX. Vicar of Rome, possibly between 1227 and 1230. Legate in England. Governor of Campania.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina before August 18, 1234 (1). Consecrated (no information found). Participated in the papal election of 1241, in which was elected Pope Celestine IV. Participated in the papal election of 1241-1243, in which was elected Pope Innocent IV; died at the beginning of 1243, during the sede vacante.

Death. Before February 20, 1243, Rome. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 218-219; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 36; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 114; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 4, 36 and 49; Necrologi e libri affini della Provincia romana. A cura di Pietro Egidi. Roma : Forzani e c., tipografi del Senato, 1908-1914. (Fonti per la storia d'Italia, pub. dall' Istituto storico italiano; 44- Antichità. Secoli XI-), I, 90-91; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19), I, 15.

(1) This is according to Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 36. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 36, says that he was elected in 1241. Paravicini Bagliani, Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254, I, 15, says that he was elected in 1238.

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(38) 4. NORMANDIS DEI CONTI, Stefano de (?-1254)

Birth. (No date found), Rome or Perugia. Nephew of Pope Innocent III. He is also listed as Stefano only; as Stefano de Normandis; as Stephanus (de Normandis); as Stephen de Normandie dei Conti; as Stefano Normandi; as Stefano dei Conti; as Stephen de Normandis; and as S[tephen] Romanus [de Normandis]; and his last name as Conti and as Fitzcourt.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. He was married and had a son, Filippo, who became a Franciscan and was familiar of Pope Alexander IV. After the death of his wife, he entered the ecclesiastical state.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Adriano in the consistory celebrated at the beginning of 1216. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between August 12, 1216 and February 27, 1226; May 7, 1227 and October 1, 1228; March 8, 1229 and May 20, 1240; September 26, 1242 and September 7, 1254. Participated in the papal election of 1216, in which was elected Pope Honorius III. Archdeacon of Norfolk, dioce of Norwich; prebendary of Lyme and Halstock; of Leighton; of Laughton en le Morthen; of York Minster; and of Lincoln; and canon of the chapter of Southwell Minster. Participated in the papal election of 1227, in which was elected Pope Gregory IX. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Maria in Trastevere in 1228. He restored the deaconry of S. Lucia in Septisolio. Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica in 1231. Participated in the papal election of 1241, in which was elected Pope Celestine IV. Participated in the papal election of 1241-1243, in which was elected Pope Innocent IV. Cardinal protoprete in 1243. Vicar of Rome from 1244 until 1251. Ordered by Pope Innocent IV, he reduced the number of canons from thirty six to twenty five; he also reformed the chapter of the patriarchal Lateran basilica. Legate in Sicily in 1246 with Cardinal Raniero Capocci, O.Cist. Governor of the provinces of Sabina and Campagna e Marittima. He built and decorated the chapel of Saint Sylvester in the church of Ss Quattro Coronati.

Death. December 8, 1254, Naples, the day in which the conclave that elected Pope Alexander IV started. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Naples.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 222-223; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 37; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, pp. 55 and 235; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 114-115; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 4, 44 and 48; Kartusch, Elfriede. Das Kardinalskollegium in der Zeit von 1181-1227 ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Kardinalates im Mittelalter. Dissertation: Thesis (doctoral)--Universität Wien, 1948, p. 406-410, no. 104; Maleczek, Werner. Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216 : die Kardinäle unter Coelestin III. und Innocenz III. Wien : Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1984. (Publikationen des Historischen Instituts beim Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom. I. Abteilung, Abhandlungen ; 6. Bd.; Variation: Publikationen des Österreichischen Kulturinstitut in Rom.; 1. Abteilung ; Abhandlungen ; 6. Bd), p. 195-201; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19), I, 15-16.

Links. Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; List 40 prebendaries of Lyme and Halstock, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: volume 4: Salisbury, Institute of Historical Research, University of London & History of Parliament Trust; his engraving and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

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(39) 5. CAPUA, Tommaso da (?-1243)

Birth. (No date found), Capua. He is also listed as Tommaso del Vescovo, Maître Thomasius and Thomas de Episcopo Capuanus. He was called Dictamen.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Apostolic subdeacon. Papal notary in Rome. He was a poet and an orator.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Naples, January 28, 1216; resigned the see on February 18, 1216; Pope Honorius III ordered the cathedral chapter to name his successor on January 17, 1217.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata in the consistory of 1216 (1). Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Sabina, June 13, 1216. Participated in the papal election of 1216, in which was elected Pope Honorius III. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between August 12, 1216 and May 9, 1226; May 7, 1227 and June 23, 1239. Grand penitentiary in 1219. Elected patriarch of Jerusalem by the canons of the cathedral chapter in 1225; he was not confirmed by Pope Honorius III. Legate in Viterbo with Cardinal Rinaldo Conti di Segni. Legate in Lombardy. Legate before Emperor Friedrich II. Participated in the papal election of 1227, in which was elected Pope Gregory IX. Cardinal primoprete in 1230. Participated in the papal election of 1241, in which was elected Pope Celestine IV. Participated in the papal election of 1241-1243, in which was elected Pope Innocent IV. He wrote Summa dictaminis, one of the monuments of medieval diplomacy as well as hymns to the Blessed Virgin and the saints.

Death. August 22, 1243 (2), Anagni. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 219-221; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 36; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 115; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 4, 46 and 359; Oldoini, Agostino. Athenaeum Romanum : in qvo summorum pontificum, ac pseudopontificum, nec non s.r.e. cardinalium et pseudocard. scripta publich exponuntur. Perusiae [i.e. Perugia] : Ex typographia Camerali, apud haeredes Sebastiani Zechini, 1676. Republished in 1969 by Gregg International Publishers Limited, 1 Westmead, Farnborough, Hants., England, p. 628; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19), I, 13.

Links. Biography, in German; and biography, in Latin; put 542 in the page window and press "Springen".

(1) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 115, indicates that he was created cardinal on March 7, 1216; his biography in Latin, linked above, says that he was created cardinal by Pope Honorius III in 1216.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 115; and Oldoini, Athenaeum Romanumhis, p. 628; his biography in German, linked above, and his biography in Latin, also linked above, say that he died in 1239; Paravicini Bagliani, Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254, I, 13, indicates that he died between August 18 and 22, 1239. However, death in 1239 would preclude his participation in the conclaves of 1241 and 1241-1243.

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(40) 6. CAMPANO, O.S.B.Cas., Pietro (?-1217)

Birth. (No date found), province of Campania. He is also listed as Petrus Comes Campanus; and his last name as Conte and Conti.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) in the monastery of Monte Cassino.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of Monte Cassino.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso in the consistory celebrated at the beginning of 1216 (1). Participated in the papal election of 1216, in which was elected Pope Honorius III. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between August 12, 1216 and October 10, 1217. He received Emperor Otto IV in Monte Cassino with great honors.

Death. Shortly after October 10, 1217 (2), Monte Cassino. Buried in the monastery of Monte Cassino.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 228; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 39; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 115; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 5 and 42.

Links. His engraving; and Elenco degli abati di Montecassino, in Italian.

(1) This is according to Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 5 and 42; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 113, indicates that he was created cardinal towards 1207 and that his title is unknown; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 228; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 39, say that the date of his promotion to the cardinalate is not known nor is his title. Some sources say tha he may have been confused with Cardinal Pietro, O.S.B.Cas (1207).
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 115; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 228, says that he died in 1210 or 1211; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 39, says that he died on diem V Kalendas Februarij anno Dominicae Incarnationis 1210 vel 1211.

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(41) 7. CAETANI, Aldobrandino (?-1223)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. Son of Orso Caetani. His first name is also listed as Ildebrando; and his last name as Gaetani. Relative of Pope Boniface VIII. Other cardinals of the family were Benedetto Caetani, iuniore (1295); Giacomo Tomassi-Caetani, O.F.M. (1295); and Francesco Caetani (1295).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Eustachio in the consistory celebrated at the beginning of 1216 (1). Did not participate in the papal election of 1216, in which was elected Pope Honorius III. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 18, 1217 and March 15, 1221; and one on April 27, 1222. Opted for the title of S. Susanna in 1219.

Episcopate. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Sabina in 1221. Consecrated by Pope Honorius III.

Death. January 11, 1223, Rome. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 231-232; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 41; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p.112; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 5, 38, 48 and 49.

Links. His genealogy, A3; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, II, 5 and 49; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 112, indicates that he was created cardinal in March 1206 and says that he signed a papal bull dated May 10, 1206; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 231; and Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 41, say that the date of his creation as a cardinal is not known.

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